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ISTORICAL 



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Handsomely Illustrated 



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With Supplement of the World's Columbian Exposition. 



PVBLISHED BY 

/LF. PARSONS PUBLISHING COttPANY, 

149& 151 CHVRCH ST. 
•JS'Y- 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Adams, John, Wood Mantels, Wardrobes, etc 282 

Adams, William S., Cigars 257 

Addis, John A., Undertaker and Embalmer 202 

Albion Dye and Bleach Works, G. J. Littlewood & Co., 

Proprs 129 

Aldine Hotel, The, S. Murray Mitchell, Propr 113 

Aldine Livery Stables and Riding Academy, T. Riddle 

& Co. , Proprs 1 84 

Alexander, S. N., Manfr. Stained Glass 244 

Allebach, M. B., Watchmaker, etc 187 

Allen, Henry, & Co , Bankers and Brokers 123 

Akhouse, Wm. D., William Penn Hotel and Sale 

Stables 131 

American Manfg. Co., M. F. Maguire & Co., Props... 243 

American Marine and Canal Propeller Co., The 259 

American Trust, Loan and Guaranteed Investment 

Company 155 

Anderson, Robt., Real Estate, etc 219 

Andreykovicz & Dunk, Aniline Dyes, etc 257 

Arch Street House, Theo. K. Batt, Prop 237 

Archambault, V. E. & Son, Fine Carpetings 155 

Ardis, Albert A., Jr., Bricklayer and Builder 216 

Armstrong, The J. M., Company 171 

Ashland Hotel, Oliver Sproul, Propr 183 

Atkinson, J. J., Wholesale Commission Merchant, Fruit 

and Produce 213 

Atlantic Works, Berry & Orton Company, Proprs 135 

Avil Printing Company 123 

Axford, James, Furniture, Stoves, etc 238 

Bailey, Lewis L. & Co., Manfrs. Ladies' and Chil- 
dren's Cloaks 1 76 

Baily & Truscott, Architects " 203 

Baker, John E., Grain, Feed, etc 225 

Baker, Geo. W. C. & Co. , Real Estate, etc 1 86 

Baker, Householder & Leonard, Engineers and Ma- 
chinists 132 

Ballantine, C. H., M.D., Pharmacy 245 

Baltimore & Philadelphia Steamboat Co 165 

Barry, Wm.. Guilder 235 

Beck, Theodore, Manfg. Jeweler 218 

Beckett, George W., Sanitary Plumber 132 

Beitel & Kinsler, Manfg. Jewelers 254 

Benner, Edwin, Plate Printer, etc 255 

Benner, Harry D., Acme Market 227 

Benners, William J. & Sons, Hard Wood Lumber, etc. 151 



Berger, Wm., Marble Works 214 

Berry & Orton Company, Atlantic Works. Manfrs. 

Wood Working Machinery 135 

Betz, Charles, Carriage and Wagon Builder 210 

Betz, H. M., Jeweler 178 

Bew, Jas. W., House Furnishing Goods 24S 

Bewley's Boarding and Livery Stable 239 

Bichy, Wm., Apothecary 195 

Bickham, Stephen A., Leaf Tobacco 188 

Biddle, C. J., Drugs 191 

Biles, Walter K., Wall Paper, etc 194 

Bird Bros., Wholesale and Retail Grocers 174 

Bissinger, M. & Son, Importers of Tailors' Trimmings 144 

Blackwood, Russel T., Druggist .... 228 

Blankley Bros. & Co., Manfrs. Machinery Castings, 

etc 196 

Blitzstein, M. L. & Co. , Money Exchange 221 

Blood, John, & Co., Manfrs. Hosiery and Jerseys .... 269 

Blum, Andrew, Tailor 242 

Boerner, A. W., Florist . 231 

Bonner, John W., Agent, Manfr. Shirts 189 

Bonsall Bros., Conveyancers 146 

Bonsall's, Wm. S., Sons, Metal and Slate Roofers 216 

Boothby, Wm., Oysters 2^6 

Borcky, D. K., Copper, Tin and Sheet Iron Worker... 173 

Borda, E. & Son, Coal 226 

Borgner, Cyrus, Manfr. Fire Brick and Clay Retorts . . 123 

Bosanko, The Dr., Medicine Company 132 

Boston Laundry, Thomas E. Houston, Propr 263 

Bovard, M. M. & Son, Jewelers 198 

Bovven, David H. & Son, Undertakers 225 

Bowen, Jos. E. & Son, Commission Merchants in Pro- 
duce, etc 171 

Bowker, George C Real Estate, etc 205 

Bowman, A. A., Livery Stables 227 

Boyce Bros., Grocers 223 

Bradway & Jocher, Insurance Agents and Brokers. . . 150 

Branson, Geo. & Co., Manfrs. Hosiery 121 

Brant, Josiah, House and Sign Painter 180 

Brobst, C. A., Paints, Oils, Glass, etc 248 

Bronson & Co., Commission Merchants and Dealers in 

Broom Corn, etc 248 

Brossmann, Chas. , Boarding Stable 177 

Brown, Dr. B. L., St. Cloud Pharmacy 206 

Brown, D. V., Wholesale and Manufacturing Optician. 162 

Brown, Geo. P., Butter, Eggs, etc 186 

iii 



IV 



GENERAL INDEX 



Brown, Michael J., Wool 182 

Brown, Samuel W. & Co., Platinum Enlargements by 

Electric and Solar Light 185 

Buck. Thomas, & Co., Manfrs. Hosiery 253 

Bull's Head Horse and Mule Bazaar, Weber & Sullivan, 

Proprs 280 

Bureau Brothers, Bronze Statuary, etc 132 

Burk & McFetridge, Printers, etc m 

Burns, Albert E.. Agent for The Trenton Lamp Co. . . 224 

Burns, Charles M., Architect '. 152 

Butterworth, George, Beamer of Warps 217 

Butterworth, G. W., Wholesale Fruit & Vegetables.... 203 

Callow hill Beef Co., H. A. Wood, Manager 253 

Calver. John W. & Co., Manfrs. Bonnet and Hat 

Frames 153 

Cambria Iron Company 107 

Camden, Robt. L. M., Jr., & Bro., Artists 175 

Canby & Costello, Philadelphia Supply Co 178 

Cantrell, Dr. J. H., Druggist 23S 

Careless, Geo., Manfr. Fine Silver Plated Ware 142 

Carey & Co., Carriage Lamps 237 

Catanach & Peterson, Real Estate, etc 223 

Caton, J. H., Manfr. Barrels 253 

Centennial National Bank 116 

Central Boarding and Sales Stables, The, R. S. Reeve, 

Mgr 261 

Central Cycle Company, Frank R. Evans, Mgr 206 

Chandler. W. S., Tobacco Commission Merchant 1S4 

Chapman Decorative Co., The (Limited) 104 

Chicago Varnish Company, E. S. Gellatly, Resident 

Manager 134 

Chipman, Charles, & Son, Manfrs. Hosiery and Under- 
wear 128 

Christman, Geo. M.. Coal Yard 212 

Church, W. Harry, Butter, Eggs, Poultry 231 

Clapp & Mattis, Meats and Provisions 213 

Clark, W. E. & Co., Fine Furniture 207 

Cleveland Baking Powder Co., Chas. F. Warner, Mgr. 223 

Clower, Wm. L., Germantown Market House 251 

Clyde Steamship Co 267 

Coates, Henry C. . Printer 235 

Coates & Mathias, Quaker City Whisk Broom Works.. 167 

Collins, Wm. W. , Dry Goods 233 

Collisson, Wm. H., Jr., Plumbing, etc t88 

Comfort, Thos. & Son, Manayunk Brass Foundry 240 

Compound Spring Power Company. The, Incorporated. 108 

Conaway & Co., Butter. Eggs, Game, etc 249 

Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Co.. The, H. O. 

Chapman, Gen'l Agt 96 

Conner, George P., Continental Pharmary 106 

idt Art Metal Industry, Charles Conradt, Propr... 197 

Cooley & Geiger. Pharmacists 220 

- r, H. L., Wool 256 

Cooperative Nickel Plating Co., W. H. Lentz & Co... 179 
Corbin, L. P. & Co., Produce Commission Merchants. 

etc 220 

Cramp. B. H. & Co., Brass Founders S4 

Cramp, Wm. & Sons, Ship and Engine Building Com- 
pany, The 82, 83 

Crane Iron Company 160 



Cranston, S. P., Real Estate and Fire Insarance 209 

Craven & Dearnley, Yarns 272 

Crawford, Charles, Florist 234 

Cressman, Milton A. & Co., Produce Commission Mer- 
chants 1 42 

Cresson, Geo. V., Company, Manfrs. Power Transmit- 
ting Machinery, etc 285 

Creutzburg, Geo. F. & Son, Importers, Manfrs., and 

Dealers in Cutlery 140 

Croft & Allen Co., Manfg. Confectioners 129 

Crouch, Geo. W., Horse Collar Manfr. and Dealer in 

Neat's Foot Oil 163 

Cundey, Elijah, Wood Turning Mills 225 

Cushing, William A., Real Estate Broker 156 

Daisy Suspender Co., The 219 

Dale, Thomas B. , Plumber, etc 205 

Daugherty Bros., Oysters, Clams, etc 258 

Davey, Philip, Photographer on Wood 212 

Davis, The F. A., Company, Medical Publishers 157 

Davis & Gait, Silversmiths 220 

Dawson & Adams, Real Estate and Mortgage Brokers. 176 

Decatur Coal Company 92 

De Kieffer & Canning, Drugs and Druggists' Specialties 148 

Delahunty, Thomas, Marble and Granite Works 87 

Delaplaine & Co., Hatters' Goods 148 

Delker, Dr. Wm., Druggist 229 

Depuy, Thomas, Carpetings, Malting. Oil Cloth, etc... 154 
Devine, William, Agent, Manfr. Window Shading, 

Wall Papers, etc 156 

Devinny, Geo. W., Masonic Marks and Society Badges 140 

Devlin & Brother, Oakdale Oil Works 205 

Devlin, C. J., Upholstery 236 

Diamond Electric Company - 

Diamond Glass Company 2=2 

Dickinson, Justus D., Manfr. Harness 193 

Dilks, Jas., Musical Instruments, etc 232 

Dingee, James E., Brick Manufacturer 124 

Ditson, J. E. & Co., Sheet Music, etc 258 

Dittess, Chas. J. & Co., Power Printers 255 

Dixey, Wm. B., Plumber, etc 195 

Doerle, P. H, Real Estate 193 

Doflein, Ph., Manfr. Soap and Bottle Molds 219 

Dohan & Taitt, Tobacco 271 

Donaldson Iron Company 152 

Dorey, Daniel, Hat and Cap Leather*, etc 190 

Dorfner, John, Steam Dyeing and Scouring Establish- 
ment So 

Dougherty, H. D. & Co., Wholesale Bedding 219 

Dougherty's, J. A., Sons, Distillers 179 

Douglass, J. Walter, Patents and Patent Causes 140 

Dunlap & Co., Hats 104 

Dunmore, R. S., Grocer 159 

Dunshee, E. S., Photographer 23; 

Duquesne Coal Company 266 

Dyer, Peleg A., Boarding Stables 187 

EASTON & Ml \1 UI"N I RANSFOK I'ATION Co , Till 

Eaton & Reaney, Punters 255 

Ebel, Charles A., Teamster 191 

Eberle. Chas. L.. Pharmacist 236 



GENERAL INDEX, 



Edison's Mimeograph, W. M. Abbey, Agt 226 

Edwards, Frank, Wools, Mohair, etc 283 

Elliott, Andrew G., Stoves, etc 217 

Ellis, W. G. & Co., Manfrs. Star Seamless Hosiery 128 

Emack, John D., Slate Blackboards 119 

Engard, Abraham, Confectionery 225 

English, B., & Sons, Ladies' Cloaks, Suits, Furs, etc.. 103 

English, John A. , Oysters 183 

Enterprise Dyeing and Finishing Works, Joseph Han- 
son, Agent 1 53 

Enterprise Plating and Silverware Manufacturing Co., 

F. H. Hyde, Propr 204 

Equitable Life Assurance Society, Reginald L. Hart, 

Mgr 97 

Estey, Bruce & Co. , Pianos and Organs 207 

Etting, Edward J., Iron Broker and Commission Mer- 
chant 180 

Evans, Geo. & Co. , Tailors 278 

Eyanson, John E. & Son, Plumbers 263 

Eynon, T. J. & Son, Saw and Planing Mill 201 

Fadin, Edward, Fruit and Produce 190 

Fairlamb, P. H. & Co., Cement, 186 

Farmers' New Hay Market Hotel, Jos. M. Jones, Propr. 148 

Faunce, Taylor, Auditor and Public Accountant 145 

Faussett, H. S. , Wholesale Dry Goods 1 56 

Ferris, M. A., Flour, Feed, etc 198 

Finnerty, McClure & Co., Wholesale Druggists 243 

Fiske, Louis S. & Co., Commission Wool Merchants. . 247 
Flagg, Stanley G. & Co., Malleable Iron, Gray Iron 

and Steel Founders 268 

Flanagan, William A., Wool, Hair, Wool Waste, 

Woolen Rags, etc 147 

Fleming, Geo. R. & Co., Piano and Organ Warerooms 262 

Flick, Geo. L., Manfr. Steamship Ranges, etc 1S3 

Fling, Thomas W. & Bro. , Manfrs. Hosiery 2S1 

Ford, John G.. Real Estate, Mortgage and Fire Insur- 
ance Broker 151 

Forner, Henry C, Real Estate 192 

Foster, E. & R. G., Ranges and Heaters 234 

Foster, Fred. L. & Sons, Boot and Shoe Makers and 

Rubber Shoe Brokers 176 

Frank Bros. & Co. , Manfrs. Fine Clothing 159 

Frank, H. N. & Co., Standard Cloak Company 155 

Frankford Real Estate and Safe Deposit Company. . . . 149 
Frankford Mutual Fire Insurance Company of the 

County of Philadelphia 131 

Freas, H. & Son, Grocers 194 

Fredericks, Charles, Hatters' Specialties 204 

Freshell, Geo., Druggist 167 

Furbush, M. A. & Son Machine Co 14S 

Gadd, S. W., M.D., Druggist 250 

Gallager & Feusht, Granite and Marble Works 227 

Gallagher, Alex., Manfr. Stonecutters' Tools 192 

Garden, C. H. & Co., Hats, Caps, Furs, Straw and 

Millinery Goods 199 

Gardiner, Samuel E., Real Estate 197 

Garrett & Buchanan, Paper 200 

Gemmi Bros., Manfrs. Pearl and Vegetable Ivory But- 
tons 124 



Gen th, Dr. F. A., Chemist, etc 255 

Gentzsch, A. & Sons, Paper Box Manfrs 258 

Germantown Woolen Mills, Chas. H. Topham, Propr. 144 

Germantown Real Estate, Deposit and Trust Company. 145 

Ghriskey, Chas. M., Hardware 217 

Gilbert, T. W. & Co., Carriage Goods, Saddlery Spe- 
cialties, Wagon Hardware, and Wheel Stock 132 

Gilbert, J. & Son, Gents' Furnishers 216 

Glendinning, Robert, & Co., Bankers and Brokers. ... 11S 

Glenmore Worsted Company (Limited) 153 

Glenn, J. Temple, Jobbing Bricklayer 122 

Glover & Reep, Paper Hangings, etc 213 

Glover Bros., Iron Founders, etc 114 

Godshall, Wm. H., Carriage Builder igo 

Godwin, Harold, Architect and Engineer 184 

Goldner, Henry. Machine and Boiler Works and Black- 
smithing 146 

Goldsmith, A. & Sons, Summer Clothing 224 

Goodman & Brother, Produce Commission Merchants. 254 

Goodman, S. W., Printing House 1S7 

Greaves, Thomas, Manfr. Cardigan Jackets 136 

Greaves' Machinery Depot, Textile Machinery 185 

Greenhalge & Wadsworth, Plush Manfrs 184 

Greenlund, B. N., Jeweler 164 

Greer, Benjamin W., Bellevue Worsted Mills So 

Griendling's, J.. Sons, Barbers' Chairs, Supplies, etc.. 185 

Griffin, Nicholas J., Manfr. Alcohol and Cologne Spirits 163 
Griffin, Graham & Co., Importers and Retailers of Fine 

Carpetings 157 

Grigg, Thomas H . , Drug Store Fixtures 210 

Groben, Edward A., Fish 234 

Groves', G. P. , Sons, Furniture, Stoves, etc 241 

Guarantee Trust and Safe Deposit Co 138 

Guarantee Company of North America, The, A. F. 

Sabine, Resident Secretary. ... 127 

Guenther, F. , Upholsterer, etc 169 

Gumpert, A. H., Belmont Laundry 234 

Gutekunst. F., Clayton S. Harris, Mgr., Photographer. 88 

Gutekunst, F., Photogravure, Phototype Specialties... 204 

Haas, Albert, Gents' Furnishing Goods 218 

Haenchen, C. E. , Pharmacy 242 

Hagen, Harry R., Real Estate, etc 195 

Hagen, Arthur, & Co., Agents for Tobacco t68 

Hagy, Geo. & Bro., Patent Lime, etc 212 

Haines, C. H., Fruit and Produce 220 

Haines, William A., Manfr. Fancv Leather Goods 135 

Haley & Baker. Blank Book Manfrs. and Paper Rulers 132 

Hall & Carpenter, Importers of Tin Plate and Metals.. 117 

Hall, Wm. & Co., Manfrs. Shoddy 165 

Hamell, P. E. & Co., Rope and Twine Manfrs j6i 

Hammer, John B., Range Works 214 

Hance Brothers & White, Manfg. Chemists and Phar- 
maceutists 172 

Hancock, The John, Mutual Life Ins. Co 228 

Hanson Bros., Electrotypers S7 

Harkness & Dering, Teas, Coffees and Spices 262 

Harley, J. M. & Co., Oils 153 

Harold, Mrs. Mary A., Dry Goods 248 

Harris, Fuller & Smith, 3tock Brokers 1 74 

Harrison Safety Boiler Works 254 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Hartel, Geo. Merchant Tailor. 219 

Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Co., 

Corbin & Goodrich, General Agts 200 

Hastings Truss Co. . The 12S 

Hawkins, Thomas, Manfr. Ornamental, Cut, Stained 

and Leaded Glass 172 

Hayhurst, Henry T., Pharmacist 217 

Heacock, H. F., Grocers', Butchers' and Confectioners' 

Fixtures 211 

Heermann, Fred. W., Wines and Liquors 186 

Heid, E., Maker of Cloth Hats and Caps 102 

Heins, Frank B., Plumber. . . 232 

Helffrich, J. W., Boarding Stables 24c) 

Henry, Bayard & Co. , Lumber 1 7S 

Henson Brothers. Manfrs. Knit Goods 122 

Hepworth, John W. & Co , Manfrs. Knitting Machinery 140 
Herkness, Alfred M. & Co., Horse and Carriage Bazaar 143 

Hertsch, B. A. & Co., Manfg. Chemists, etc 129 

Hess, J. M., Manfr. of Stoves, etc 177 

Hewitt, G. W. & W. D., Architects 177 

Hexter Brothers, Manfrs. Summer Clothing 105 

Heyser, George, Clothing 250 

Hirst, Charles S., Jeweler 224 

Historical Publishing Company 81 

Hobensack's, Dr., Medical Institute 166 

Hoffer, David, Wholesale Dressed Beef 142 

Hoffman, J. W. & Co., Iron and Steel 277 

Hoffmann, Jacob, & Son, Manfrs. Pearl Buttons and 

Novelties 134 

Hohenadel, lohn, Brewer 177 

Holmes, Archibald, Manfr. Carpetings 124 

Hongler & Bready, Cotton and Wool 253 

Hoppe, F., Real Estate Broker 212 

Hoser, Chas. F., Printer 244 

Hotel Waverley, T. J. Victory, Propr 223 

Hover Ink Company 158 

Howe, Arthur W., Iron Commission Merchant 129 

Howe Scale Company, The 11S 

Howell & Bros. (Limited), Manfrs. Wall Papers 112 

Howell, Chas. H. & Co., Paint Makers 203 

Huey & Christ, Wines and Liquors 261 

Huff, C. L. & Co., Paper, Twine, etc 242 

Huggard, John, Linens, etc 192 

Hughs, Cook & Co., Hides and Tallow 133 

Humbert, Alfred, The National Watch Case and Jewelry 

Manufacturing Co 113 

Hunter & Dickson, Pipe Fittings, etc 217 

Hutchison, T. F., Tin Roofing, etc . . 192 

Hyde, Joseph, Plumber, etc 206 

Ifii.i., SAMUEL, Livery and Boarding Stables 236 

Integrity Title Insurance, Trust and Safe Deposit Co. . 167 

International Navigation Company, The 100, 101 

Ireland, William P., Fruit and Produce Commission 

Merchant 255 

Jackson. J. T. & Co., Real Estate 107 

Jaeger, Geo., Photographer 227 

Jaeger's, Dr., Sanitary Woolen System Company, 

Samuel C. Hancock, Mgr ". 133 

Jamison. John. Commission Merchant 1 Si 



Johns, H. W., Manufacturing Co., Philadelphia Branch 113 

Johnson, T. S.. Tin, Slate and Gravel Roofing 237 

Johnson, John D. & Co., Manfrs, and Dealers in Plum- 
bers' Supplies 21C 

Jones, J. & W. , Dyers and Scourers 245 

Jones, J. H., Manfr. Sash, Door, and Mill Work 182 

Jordan, John L., Butter, Eggs, etc 1S2 

Kalbacher, Chas. S. , Bottler of Beer 209 

Kanouse, H. W., Groceries 221 

Kaupp, J. M., Printer - n 15 

Kehrweider Co., Studio 238 

Keller, Ferdinand, Antique Furniture, etc 251 

Keller, A. R., Company, Publishers and Printers 86 

Kelley, Geo. W., Marble and Granite Works 144 

Kelly, J. C, Carriage Builder 143 

Kelly, Henry, Public Accountant 126 

Kennedy, John H., Contractor and Practical Furniture 

Finisher 185 

Kennelly, John S., Undertaker 241 

Kerr, James, Whiskeys, Brandies, etc 183 

Kerr, Alex. , Bro. & Co. , Salt 1 30 

Keystone Knitting Machine Manfg. Co 27<> 

Keystone Horseshoe Company 90 

Kimely & Seidle, Wholesale Fruits 237 

King, Wm. & Co., Wholesale Grocers 168 

Kinkerter, Jos. L., Hardware 239 

Kirk & Nice, Undertakers 197 

Klaisz, Edward F., Ornamental Painter 197 

Koenig, J. & Co., Manfrs. Musical and Mathematical 

Instrument Cases 156 

Kolb, Wm., Feed Mills 232 

Kolb, J. H., Gents' Furnisher and Clothier 193 

Kram, Henry E. & Co., Wholesale Grocers 263 

Kraus, S. C, Real Estate, Insurance, etc 219 

Krell, F. B., M.D., Druggist 213 

Kulp, G. & Son, Hardware, etc 229 

Kurtz, W. VV. cc Co., Bankers and Brokers 112 

Lair, William H., Ornamental Glass Cutter 202 

Lamb, D. L. & Son, Butter, Eggs, etc 255 

Lammer, Francis J., Apothecary 239 

Landell, Chas. W., Glazed Kid .Maker 163 

Lang, Bernheimer & Co., Distillers and Wholesale 

Whiskey Dealers 160 

Latimer, Robert L. & Co., Bolting Cloth and Flour 

Mill Supplies 180 

Laurent, A. G., Druggist 258 

Lawrence, Charles P., Sailmaker 1S7 

Lee, J. B. & Son, Dry Goods, Notions, etc 170 

Lefevre, H , Jr., Paints, etc 204 

Lehman House Sale and Exchange Stables, Eli Kindig, 

Jr., Propr 273 

Lelar, William D., Real Estate and Collection Agency 199 

Lenhert, S. B., Livery and Boarding Stable 245 

Lentz, W. H. & Co., Cooperative Nickel Plating Com- 
pany 179 

Levis, Henry, & Co., Engineers, etc 92 

Lewis, Walter L., Paper Hangings, Frescoing, etc 177 

Lewis, John C, Stoves, etc 232 



GENERAL INDEX 



VII 



Leyboldt, F. W., Manfr. Scarificators, Spring Lancets 

and Patent Button Hole Cutters 145 

Lindley, Geo., Machinist 228 

Lindsay, J. G. & Co., Iron and Steel Factors, etc 261 

Lindsay, Mines & Co., Iron, Steel, etc 115 

Link-Belt Engineering Company, The 91 

Littlevvood, G. J. &Co., Albion Dye and Bleach Works 129 

Liveright, Gr c enewald & Co., Manfrs. Clothing 136 

Livezey, J. J. & G. F., Painting and Painters' Supplies 241 

Lloyd, Wm. J., Manfg. Co _ . 211 

Lockhart, Isaac, Manfr. Standard Ingrain Carpets 137 

Loesch, William, Druggist 145 

Long Valley Coal Company 166 

Loose, Daniel W., Sign Painter 255 

Louchheim, Joseph, & Co., Manfrs. Clothing 155 

Loughney, James A., Plumber, etc 191 

Lovatt, Thomas B., Auctioneer 210 

Luburg Manufacturing Company, Bicycles, Children's 

Carriages, etc 105 

Luckman, Geo. H.. Carpets 232 

Lutner Bros. , Wagon Builders 192 

Lynch, John, & Bro., Flour Commission Merchants.. 108 
Lyon, Lichten & Co., Manfrs. Glazed Kid 249 

Maclean, Geo., Agent, Stained Glass, etc 224 

MacNeece, Wm., Manfr. Art Furniture 146 

Maene, E., Sculptor 178 

Magee Art Company, Manfrs. Art Novelties 174 

Manayunk National Bank I4r 

Manayunk Steam Laundry, M. & J. Metzler, Props... 221 

Manayunk Trust Company Ill 

Mander, Geo., Builder, etc 220 

Mann, John F., & Bro., Veal 235 

Manning, Geo. W., Sewing Machines 231 

Mansfield Bros., Printers 216 

Maris, Robert W., Apothecary 766 

Markle, S. C, Undertaker 236 

Markley, A. H., Wood Engraver 215 

Marshall Bros., Bobbin and Spool Makers 140 

Martin, Otto, & Co., Manfrs. Lithographic Printing 

Inks 156 

Martin, Thos. J., Jr.. & Bro., Attorneys at Law 119 

Mason, Geo. C. & Son. Architects 244 

Mathieu Brothers & Co., Produce Commission Mer- 
chants 264 

Matthias, Chas. & Co., Manfrs. Horse Collars 211 

Mayberry, Samuel H., Grocer 235 

McCann, F. H., Real Estate 211 

McCauley, Matthew, Boots and Shoes 248 

McCollin, Thos. H. & Co., Photographic Supplies. . . . [92 

McCowan & Longaker, Safety Lighting Devices 263 

McCurdy & Hallowell, Conveyancers, Real Estate and 

Insurance Brokers 1 74 

McFarland, A., Packing Box Manufacturer 253 

McGarrigle, P., Flour, Grain, Feed, etc 228 

McGettigan, Edward, Importer of Wines, etc 185 

McGirr, Thomas, Painter 238 

McGlenn, W. R., Marble and Brownstone Works 140 

McGrane, Jas. A., Hardware, etc 212 

McKay & Kahler, Terra Cotta Sewer Pipe, Vitrified 

Paving Brick, etc 1 76 



McKeaige & McComb, Poultry, Eggs, etc 184 

McKee, Joseph, Chemist 249 

McLeod, John A. R., Harness 216 

McMahen, Wm. H., Wholesale Bedding 221 

McMenamin, David B. , Agent for Soaps 104 

McNally, Chas. S., Paints, etc 230 

McNamara, Frank, Fashionable Hatter 163 

McNicholl, Samuel, Harness 231 

McWilliams, John, Tailoring 197 

Meadows, John, Electro Plater 233 

Medicke, J. H., Manfr. Heaters and Ranges 189 

Meeks, Edward, Publisher 130 

Merchants' Trust Company 147 

Merino, A. & Co., Wholesale Wines and Liquors 242 

Methodist Episcopal Book Room, F. B. Clegg, Agt... 196 

Meyer, Louis J., Gilder and Electro Silver Plater 197 

Meyer, Wm., Steam Packing Box Manufacturer 260 

Miller & Melville, Printers 238 

Miller, Christian, Importer and Bottler of all Kinds of 

Malt Liquors igi 

Miller, The John C, Brewing Company 0.2 

Miller, Nathan, Manfr. Ingrain Carpels 156 

Milner, Dr. Jas. P., Pharmacist 225 

Mitton, Job G., Jr., Manfr. Stonecutters' Tools 122 

Mohr, J. J., Pig Iron, etc 112 

Moll, Ezra, House Furnishing Goods 242 

Mollenkof, George, Undertaker and Embalmer 1 1,3 

Montgomery, R. W., Fruit and Produce Commission 

Merchant 174 

Moore & White Company, The, Paper Mill Machinery 

etc jq6 

Moore, Kelly & Co., Coal 1-7 

Morell & Bro., Commission Merchants in Butter, Eggs 

and Poultry 210 

Morgan, William C. & Co., General Stock Brokers. ... no 

Moroney , James, Wholesale Liquors 168 

Morris & Richter, Electricians, Hardware and Electrical 

Supplies 261 

Morris, Tasker& Co. (Incorporated), Iron Founders, etc. no 

Morrison Plumbing Co 238 

Morse, H. B., Druggist 227 

Moshannon Coal Company 153 

Mover, J. P. & Co., Produce Commission Merchants.. 171 

Miihe, J. S., Paper Hangings 233 

Mulligan, Edward, Whiskeys 244 

Murray, B. J., M.D., Druggist 151 

Murrow, Robert H., Boot and Shoe Store 193 

Murtha, D. Chas. , Brick Manfr , 182 

Mutual Fire Insurance Co., The, of Germantown and 

its Vicinity 121 

Myers. F. D. & Co., Fruit and Produce 257 

Myers, Theo. & Co., Stock Brokers ro4 

Naramore, G. H., Agent, Importer of Tailors' 

Trimmings 207 

Nassau, James, Magfr. Varnishes, Japans, etc 119 

National Bank of Germantown 173 

National Law and Collection Ass'11, D. H. Showers 

& Co., Gen'I Mgrs 221 

National Metal Edge Box Company 1 ^ 1 

Newell, R. & Son, Photographers 159 



GENERAL I N D 1: \ . 



Newell & Ridgway, Wines, Liquors, eic 114 

New Philadelphia Planing Mill Co., W. 11. Kline, Pro 

prielor 282 

Nilson, P. A., Pianos and Organs 215 

1. 11. C. & Co.. Manfrs. Cigars 217 

Nonpareil Cement Co., The (Incorporated! 283 

Nonpareil Vest Manufacturing Company, M, J. Cohen, 

Mgr 170 

North. Jos. C. & Sons, Coal . 216 

Nuttall, R. & Son, Hardware, etc 23b 

Nye & Tredick, Manfrs. Plain and Circular Rib Knit- 
ting Machinery 15° 

O'Brien, John, Coal 201 

O'Malley & Walsh, Coal 233 

O'Rourke, John J., Undertaker 241 

Ogden, Henry, & Son, Company (Ltd.), Furniture. . . . 225 

n, John, & Co., Apothecaries 1S9 

On \- Nicoud, Pharmacists 197 

Otto, George Wm„ Agent, Bottler and Manfr. Soda 

Waters, etc 142 

Owens Bros., Manfrs. Hats and Caps i-'f 



Paige, Arthur E., Mechanical Expert 

Palmer, John T., Printer 

Palmer, John S., Manfr. Paper Boxes 

Pancoast, S. R., Building Stone ... 

Paris, Edgar P. & Co., Apothecaries 

Parker's, Joseph, Sons, "Combination Stores " 

Patton, G. W. & Co., Wool 

Paxon, Comfort & Co., Funeral Supplies 

Pedrick & Ayer, Manfrs. Universal Milling Machines, 

etc 9 8 

Pennsylvania Optical Co. (Limited) 

Pennsylvania Salt Manfg. Company 

Pennsylvania Steel Company 

People's Five Year Benefit Order 

Pequignot, Z. J., Diamonds, Watches, etc 

Pessano, John D., Real Estate Broker 

Pflaum, Christian, Jr., Confectioner 

Philadelphia Supply Co. (Canby & Costello), Manfrs. 

Steam and Hydraulic Packing, etc 

Philadelphia Storage and Upholstering Co., The, Lewis 

King, Propr 

Philadelphia Knitting Mills Company 

Philadelphia Marble Company 

Phillips, Edw. A., Burial Casket and Coffin Manfr. . . . 

Pinkstone, R., Jewelry 

Piper, W. H. 6c Co., Coal and Coke 

Piatt, E. M., Druggist 

mann, \V., Groceries 

Poole, C. P. & Co., Manfrs. Tin Cans 

Potter, Joseph, Manfr. Straw Goods 

Potter & Seymour, Real Estate and Conveyancing 

Potts, Horace T. & Co , Iron and Steel 

Powell, G. Washington, Real Estate 

Power, Maurice H., Printer 

Price, Geo. C, Watchmaker 

Priest, Jas. S., Manfr. Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Ware 

Procter, Wm„ Jr., Co., Apothecaries 

Provident Bond and Investment Company 



149 
249 
149 

189 
232 

04 
124 

175 

. 99 
178 
IOO 
80 
121 
07 
126 
170 

I7S 

189 
i>4 
139 
186 
213 
220 
209 
22S 

257 
117 

173 

252 
194 

214 

=44 
221 

'12 
-.1 



Prudential Insurance Co., H. R. Raiguel, Jr., Supt,. 130 
Pulaski, F. & Co., Manfrs. and Dealers in Picture 

Frames 2.1 

11 ikek Ctiv Whisk Broom Works, Coates & Math- 

ias, Proprs 107 

Ouaker City Watch Case Co., Louis A. Buchy, Propr.. 222 

Quay, Lewis II.. Frescoing, Paper Hanging, etc 240 

Cuiirk, J. S. & Co., Designers and Engravers on Wood. 256 

Raiguel, H. R., Jr., Supt. Prudential Insurance Co.. 130 

Ramsey, Jas. B. & Son. Paper Manfrs 214 

Randolph, Win. C, Manfr. Bone Rings 208 

Rauch, Ruetschlin & Co., Wholesale Grocers, etc 144 

Rausenberger, J. F., Bee Hive Meal Market 284 

Rawson Manfg. Co., The, Manfrs. Rawson Step Ladder 

Chair, etc 260 

Raynor, Thomas C, Veterinary Surgeon 228 

Read, Chas E., Manfr. Gents' and Boys' Footwear. . 209 
Read & Stanton Co., The. (Limited I, Spices, Mustards, 

etc 2:4 

Reading Paper Mills 119 

Reading Rolling Mill Company. The 205 

Redifer, Albert A. & Bro., Manfrs. Lasts 252 

Redles, George, Manfr. Bobbins and Spools 144 

Redstone Oil, Coal and Coke Company 134 

Reed, R. S., Real Estate 140 

Reese, Chas. P. & Co., Wholesale Meat 234 

Reese, John, Ship Chandler and Grocer 239 

Reformed Church Publication House, Rev. Chas. G. 

Fisher, D.D., Propr 157 

Reger, Albert P., Agent for Sheet Brass, etc 224 

Reichner, Samuel K., Real Estate, etc 222 

Reifsneider Bros., Manfrs. Furniture, etc 253 

Reuss, Dr. Wm., Druggist 215 

Rhodes, Wm. S. & Co., Street Railway Supplies and 

Builders' Iron Work 181 

Rice, C. J., Rutler, Eggs, etc 194 

Ridgway House 22O 

Rieser, A. F., Specialist in Butter, etc 101 

Robbins, H. J., Paper Hanger, etc 154 

Robbins, Chas. S., Hatter 233 

Roberts & Andrews, Produce Commission Merchants.. 158 

Roberts, Enoch T , Coal, Flour and Feed 174 

Roberts, Owen D., Real Estate 144 

Robertson, Jas., Manfr. Gloves 222 

Robinson, Win., Men's and Boys' Clothing 23d 

Roehm, John, Brewer 180 

Rogers, Francis P. & Son, Tin, Iron and Copper Ware 

Manfrs 252 

Rogers, T. A. & Son, Oysters 

Rohner, Henry, Groceries 16b 

Rohrman, J. Hall, & Son. Tinwares 130 

Rosatto, Frank, Manfr. Billiard and Pool Tables 213 

Rowan & Parker, Wholesale Liquor Dealers 21 S 

Rowbotham, Geo. S. & Sons, Dry Goods, etc 242 

Rowley, F. C, Wholesale Sea Food, etc 262 

Rubenstone, Jacob. Diamond Setter, etc 102 

Ruff, John C... Carpenter and Ruilder 218 

Ruffner, Daniel B., Coal, Lime, Cement, etc 143 

Ruffner & Dunn, Manfrs. Nut L01 ks .md Tube Cleaner 143 



GENERAL INDEX. 



JX 



Rulon, J. W. & Sons, Importers East India Goods. . . . 137 

Rumpp, Chas., Manfr. Fancy Leather Goods 224 

R nth, George H. & Co., Manufacturers' Agents 199 

Rutherford & Barclay, Miners and Manfrs. Rutherford's 

Metallic Paint. 190 

Rutherford. H., Manfr. Heaters and Ranges 220 



SABIN, F.. Ranges, Stoves, Heaters, etc 

Saving Fund Society of Germantown and its Vicinity, 
The 

Sawyer. C. . Manfr. Sewing Machines 

Sawyers & Co., Fruit and Produce 

Scattaglia, L. C.,&Co., Artists and Decorative Painters 

Schelder, John H. , Custom Tailor 

Schenck, Albert, Importer China and Glassware 

Schoelgens, Wm., Wines and Brandies 

Schoell, Chas. F., Tailor 

Schuler, John G., Carpenter and Builder 

Schumacher, C. W., Wall Paper and Window Shades.. 

Schwarz, G. A., Toys, Fancy Goods, etc 

Sciple, H. M. & Co., Boilers, Engines, etc 

Scott, John H., Real Estate, etc 

Scon, Thomas, & Co., Grocers 

Scott Paper Co. (Limited) 

Scott & Williams, Builders of Knitting Machinery 

Searle, Vanneman & Co., Hosiery, White Goods, etc.. 

Second National Bank of Philadelphia, The, at Frank- 
ford 

Seidel, R. B., Philadelphia Black Lead Crucible Works. 

Seitter, Chas. F., Hardware 

Sexennial Printing House 

Sharp, John, & Son, Wholesale Grocers 

Sharpless, John M. & Co., Manfrs. Dye Stuffs 

Shaw, Thomas, Mechanical Engineer, Manfr. Engi- 
neers' Special Appliances, etc 

Sheppard. Isaac A. it Co., Excelsior Stove Works. . . . 

Sheppard, J. B. & Sons, Curtains, Linens, etc 

Sheridan's Canton Tea Store 

Shermer, Lemuel Z., Manfr. Harness and Horse Col- 
lars 

Sherry, F. P , Painters' Supply-House 

Shetzline, R. A. & Sons, Wholesale Fruit and Produce 
Dealers and Shippers 

Schoenewald & Stillman, Manfrs. Brass Goods 

Shore, James, & Co., Plumbing and Heating 

Shore, Thomas, &. Son, Hosiery Press and Pump 
Works 

Shultz Belting Company 

Sickel, W. V. , Pension and Claim Attorney 

Sidebotham & Lever, Fire Insurance and Real Estate 
Brokerage .- . 

Sidle, John W. . Optician 

Silver King Mining and Milling Co 

Simpson, Wm. A. & Son, Insurance 

Sixth National Bank 

Smith, Wm. & Co. , Fruit and Produce 

Smith, Henry A. W., Plumber, Steam and Gas Fitter.. 

Smith & Pyle, Lapidists 

Smith, Edmund D. & Co., Iron and General Commis- 
sion Merchants 

Smith, The Geo. A. , Machinery Co 



206 

139 
200 
165 
103 
216 
199 
203 
204 
248 
239 
'79 
35 
226 
226 
149 
279 



79 
122 
21S 

233 
175 
230 

139 

89 

104 

169 

205 
245 

170 
163 

227 



243 
20S 

205 

23S 

90 

182 

157 
234 
21 1 
'93 

96 
134 



Smith, Franklin A., Yellow Pine Flooring 133 

Smith, C. R. & Son, Jewelers 263 

Smith's, J. L., Map Establishment 130 

Snyder, M. L., Rubber Goods 168 

Sorber, George T., Real Estate 217 

Southwark Ice Co, John R. Carpenter, Prop 229 

Southwark Paint Works, Joseph Lawless, Proprietor.. 156 

Sowden, Wm., Meat Market 154 

Spaeth, Krautter & Hess, Anchor Brewery 281 

Sperry, J., Bookbinder's Stamp and Letter Engraver. . 239 

Spoerhase, Louis, Jeweler 229 

Stafford, James, Star Woolen Mills 142 

Stamm, S. & Co., Manfrs. of Pantaloons - 214 

Standard Sewing Machine Company, T. D. Brown, 

Mgr 126 

Stanger, J. B. & Bros., Furnishing Undertakers 143 

Stanton, Frank W. & Co., Fruits 168 

Stanton & Lewis, General Blacksmiths 189 

Star and Crescent Mills Co.. Manfrs. Turkish Towels, 

etc 275 

Star Engraving and Printing Company, The (Limited). 178 

Star Woolen Mills, James Stafford, Propr 142 

Stark, E. C. & Co., Memorial Cards 137 

St. Cloud Pharmacy, Dr. B. L. Brown 206 

Stephen, H. & Co., Iron and Steel 214 

Stetson, John B., Company, Manfrs. Hats 94,95 

Stockley, Wm. K., Commission Sales Stables 229 

Stratton Ice Works 180 

Straub, A. W. & Co.. Manfrs. Grinding Mills 162 

Streeper, Frank P. , Druggist 1 70 

Stroup, J. H. & Co., Druggists 230 

Slruse, Charles O., Coal, Wood and Builders' Supplies. 128 

Stuckert. J. F., Architect 154 

Stutz, Henry, Jr., Contractors' Supplies 133 

Sullivan. J. P., Real Estate 250 

Sullivan, Photographer. . - 284 

Summers, J. J.. Dry Goods 249 

Sunderland, Geo. W.. Real Estate 251 

Supplee Hardware Company Ill 

Sutter Bros., Importers and Packers Leaf Tobacco. . . . 159 

Swain, Harry, Druggist 184 

Sweeney, B. M. & E., Wholesale Liquors 231 

Sweeny, J. F. & Sons, Engravers of Signs in Brass, etc. 185 

Taylor, B. F. & Co., Lumber and Millwork 146 

Taylor & Co., Coal 192 

Teller Bros. , Leaf Tobacco 166 

Textile Machine Co. (Ltd.) 246, 247 

Thomas, Banner, Manfr. Cotton and Linen Netting, etc. 116 

Thomas, Robert, & Son, Lumber Merchants 199 

Thomas the Tailor 239 

Thomas, Wm. H. & Co., Jobbers in Dry' Goods 

Specialties 232 

Thompson, Foust & Co., Manfrs'. Agents for Hosiery, 

etc 207 

Thompson, Thos., Sons & Co., Upholstery Goods 112 

Thurwanger, H. J., Manfr. Signs 208 

Todd, J. Chas., Druggist 233 

Tomlin, N. F., Real Estate, Insurance, etc 218 

Townsend, Isaac, Manfr's Agent for Steam Packing, 

and Sash Cord . - 2 Jo 



GENERAL INDEX, 



Tracy Worsted Mills Company, The 10S 

Treichler, L. A. , Apothecary 2 4§ 

Trumbauer, J. iS: Son, Produce Commission Merchants. 257 

Tryon, Harrison, Photographer of Machinery 241 

Tyndale & Mitchell Company, China, Glass, Pottery, 

etc 137 

Union Central I Co. 01 Cincinnati, O., 

J. W. Woods, Agent 107 

Union National Bank 161 

United Firemen's Insurance Co 108 

United Stales Credit System Co. (Incorporated), Wm. 

A. Whittick, General Agent 102 

Van Gunden, W. F., Marble and Granite 186 

Vanier, A.. House, Sign and Fresco Painting, etc 191 

Valdivia, J. H., Leaf Tobacco 219 

Van Sciver, Samuel, Conveyancer and Penman 206 

Vasey's, E. M., West Philadelphia Model Stables 93 

WALKER, Rouekt J., Star Finishing Works 160 

Walker Bros. & Co., Founders and Machinists 1S2 

Walkup, A. M., Carpenter and Builder 244 

Walmsley, W. H. (Limited), Opticians, etc 190 

Walsh's, John F., Sons, Wall Paper, etc 1S9 

Wampole's Tasteless Preparation of Cod Liver Oil. . . . 264 

Warden Manufacturing Co. , The 274 

Wareham, Robt., Manfr. Engineers' and Surveyors' In- 
struments t05 

Warrington, Jos., Builder of Carriages 118 

Waters. Wm. T. & Co., Steam Broom and Whisk 

Works 161 

Watson, Parker & Co., Foreign Fruits and Produce. . . 183 

Watson & Robinson, Wood Working Mill 194 

Watson, Thos. S.. Agent, Manfr. Iron and Wire Work. 204 

Weaver, Henry M., & Son, Manfrs. Cigars 250 

Weber & Petzoldt, Continental Carpet Mills 115 

Weed & Jesson, Machinists', Die and Press Tool 

Makers, etc 251 

Weil & Taws. Importers and Dealers in Drawing and 

Artists' Materials and Mathematical Instruments. . 159 

Weinert, Wm. & Co., Fruit and Produce 247 

Welden, A. G. C, Butter, Eggs, Poultry 209 

Wells, C. F. & Son, Carpenters, Contractors and 

Builders 141 

Welsh & Naulty. Funeral Directors and Embalmers... 234 

Wendell, Edward. Manfr. of Mouldings. Mirrors, etc.. 240 

Wenderoth, J. G., Boot, Shoe and Trunk House 154 

Werner, August, Maker of Fine Shoes.. 188 

Wescoat, T. E. . Fruit Commission Merchant 171 

West. Geo. H. & Sons. Boots and Shoes 190 

West End Drug Store 227 



West Philadelphia Bank 150 

West Philadelphia Real Estate Agency, The, Clayton 

W. Peirson, Propr 121 

Wetherill, Geo. D. & Co., Drugs, etc 110 

Wheeler, Wm. C, Printer 210 

Whelen, Townsend, & Co., Bankers and Brokers 124 

White. A. & Son, Flour and Feed 201 

White, llentz & Co., Sole Proprietors "Trimble" 

Whiskeys 198 

White, The S. S., Dental Manufacturing Company. ... 141 

Whitehill. Edward, Household Goods, etc 

Why, John Jr., & Bro.. Bicycles and Accessories 210 

Wigmore, Wm. H., Manfr. Surgical Instruments 112 

Wilde's, Robert, Sons, Carpet Yarn Manufacturers. ... 153 
Wiley & Wallace Co.. Manfrs. Pharmaceutical Special- 
ties 235 

Willard, T. Newton, Druggist 241 

William Penn Hotel and Sale Stables, Wm. D. Althouse, 

Propr 131 

Williams, De Witt C, Photographer 220 

Williamson Bros., Engineers, Machinists, etc us 

Wilson & Rogers, Boneless Meats, etc 259 

Wilson, William D., General Insurance Broker 134 

Wilson Brothers & Co., Civil Engineers, Architects, etc. 106 

Wilson Biscuit Works 116 

Wilson, James L.. Painting 187 

Wilson & Raughley, Flour, Feed, etc 245 

Wilson, John C, Cracked Corn and Feed, etc 240 

Willberger, D. S., Wholesale Druggist and Dealer in 

Paints, Oils, etc 126 

Windolph, Jacob, Flour, Feed, etc 231 

Wister, L. & R. & Co., Brokers and Commission Mer- 
chants 1 59 

Wolf, Isaac, Insurance 213 

Wolf Bros., Manfrs. Paper Envelopes 207 

Wollenberger, R., Merchant Tailor 245 

Woltemate Brothers, Florists 1' 1 

Woodcock Bros., Manfrs. Hosiery and Knit Goods. ... 114 

Woodruff, David S., Provision Dealer 1 70 

Woods, Wilson, & Bro., Upholsterers 240 

Woodside, Geo. D. & Co., Milk, Butter, Eggs, Poultry, 

etc 204 

Wolherspoon, E. & Son. House Furnishing Goods, etc 240 

Wrigley Manufacturing Company, The 127 

JfOl ■'.. WM., Real Estate Agent 207 

Zane, Charles E., Importer Rid Gloves, Fabric GI01 

and Silk Mitts 176 

Zentmayer, Jos., Optician, etc 258 

Zinn, Wm. T., Wood Engravei . etc 223 

Zook, J. M., Real Estate 204 

Zurn, O. F. cc Co., Oils 270 



^TORlC 4i 





VERYTHING IN LIFE is said to be rela- 
tive. And as effects cease not always 
with the causes in which the)' have their 
origin, so also mav the events of the 
dead past bear closely upon the affairs of 
the present. 
Thus, while the scope of this work comprehends, pri- 
marily, live matters of interest pertaining to Philadelphia 
of to-day — its institutions, resources, material wealth and prosperity — 
there is so much that is distinctly notable in the history of the set- 
tlement, growth and progress of the " City of Brotherly Love " ger- 
mane to the subject matter hereinafter presented, that a review 
thereof from the earliest period seems eminently fitting by way of 



34 HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

a prologue to the chapters that follow. For, though vast and of surpassing importance her man- 
ufacturing, mercantile and financial interests, she stands preeminent in her relations with the 
destinies of the nation in "the times that tried men's souls." [ndeed, Philadelphia may be said 
to occupy a niche in historic associations with the epoch which gave civil and political liberty to 
the American people preeminently her own. The Birth-place of tin- Republic; the Capital up to 
1800: the Metropolis ol the Western world for many years; and the first place on earth to pro- 
in and put into practical application the sublime doctrine of the Brotherhood of Man and the 
Fatherhood of God; Philadelphia may justly be called the most noted city in the country. Here, 
too, was printed the first American newspaper : the first Colonial Congress met here, likewise, 
and the city maintained commercial supremacy until the opening ol the Erie ('anal, when New 
York became the great entrepbt for inland and maritime traffic. 

The early history of the Quaker City is replete with stirring incidents, and the story of the 
rise and progress of Philadelphia for two hundred and ten years presents .m epitome of 
human interest unsurpassed in the annals of nations. No lust of conquest impelled hither 
the man to whom it owes its name and its origin. The very antithesis was. in fact, the rat- 
s,m (Titat. His object in founding it William Penn announced thus: "I took charge of the 
province of Pennsylvania for the Lord's sake. I wanted to afford an asylum for the good and 
oppressed of every nation, and to frame a government which might be an example. I desired 
to show men as lice and happy as the)' could be : and I had kind views to the Indians." 
For similar reasons he selected its name : the original site of the city was called by the 
[ndians, Coaquenaku, said 10 mean "the grove of tall pines." which may be regarded as doubtful, 
as the Indians called the Delaware River by the same name. The colony was vigorous from 
the start ; for in 1682 not less than twenty-three ships arrived with settlers, almost all of 
whom were Friends. Legislation began the year next succeeding, and in 1684 there were 
300 houses and a population of 2,500 in the embryo city. In 1699 the number of houses 
had increased to 700. and the place boasted 4,500 inhabitants. 

Before his final departure Penn incorporated the city, in 1701. Scarcely, however, had the 
creat philanthropist departed from the scene in which his presence was an all-powerful factor, 
with an abiding faith in Providence and the hand of destiny, than dissentions arose, not among 
the Friends, but between them and those in authority in the affairs of state. And for three- 
quarters of a century following the history of Philadelphia exhibits the most glaring contradic- 
tion of its name : for it is simply a record of discords growing out of the conflicting views of 
the Quaker settlers and the governors of the Province on military ami financial matters. Dur- 
ing the war of Fjigland with France and Spain the governor, alive to the dangers threatening 
the colony, created a militia in 1704, a measure particularly obnoxious to the disciples of Fox, 
whom he sought to enlist in its favor by strategem. On the Fair day. 1706. a messengei 
arrived from New Castle with the news that the enemy's ships were in the river and approach- 

ihe city. The governor, on horseback, with sword drawn, urged the people to take up 
,111ns lor the public defense. A panic ensued: the ships were placed out of reach of danger; 
the people hid their valuables and lied ; but the Quakers remained calm, and could neither be 
frightened not coaxed into the movement. The fraud was discovered, however, and the governor 
promptly displaced. When Lewes, on the Delaware, was plundered by the French privateers in 
1709, Governoi Gookin's demand for a grant of £4,000, to aid the Queen in the invasion of 
Canada, was refused by the Assembly. 

In 1732 Thomas Penn. son of the founder of the colony, arrived here, the city at this 
period having attained considerable importance as a trading and commercial center. 

In 1739 Governor Thomas, in the quarrel between England and Spain, issued letters of marque 
and reprisal. Less than a decade later Benjamin Franklin, by the timely publication of his " Plain 
Truth," roused a spirit of military enthusiasm among the people, which eventuated in an armed 
force of 10,000. He also promoted the erection of a battery below the city, which, in 1750, 
mounted fifty pieces of cannon, and occupied the site of the present United States Navy Yard. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



35 



In 1744 Whitfield became a central figure in Philadelphia, and in his preaching was nota- 
bly successful. 

In 1755 a militia bill was passed, and Benjamin Franklin was colonel of the city regiment. 

From 1765 to 1774 this city was active and prominent in resisting British aggression. The 
first Continental Congress met at Carpenter's Hall, September 5, 1774; the second May 10, 
1775, in the State House. 

Here, on June 15, 1775, Colonel George Washington, of Virginia, was appointed general, 
and commander-in-chief of the armies of the United States. The Declaration of Independence 
was adopted in the State House July 4, and proclaimed July 8, 1776. The British held posses- 
sion of the city from September, 1777, to June, 1778. The battle of Germantown was fought 
on October 4, 1777. Philadelphia was the capital of Pennsylvania (except during the British 
occupation) until 1799, and the seat of the federal government from 1790 to 1S00. 

Great Britain, 1812 to 
much martial spirit and 



the steam 
menced in 
prevailed, 
town and 



water-works 
18 1 2. The 
In 1832 the 

Norristown 



In the war with 
1814, the city exhibited 
patriotism. 

The construction of 
.at Fairmount was corn- 
same year yellow fever 
Philadelphia, German- 
Railroad was completed, 
that year Asiatic chol- 
pearance, and from July 
935 deaths. Riots dis- 
and 1835, and again in 
Gas was introduced in 
payment was suspended, 
Bank of the United 
for a time prostrated the 

The establishment 
lines dates from April 
of the city (March n, 
adaptation of the original 
the political changes of 
in the course of time, 
with independent organ- 
ience of the system led 
solidation Act, in 1854, 
urban municipalities and 
sive with the county of 

In the cause of the 
its treasure in men and money, 
services throughout the late war 
and netted upward of $1, 000,000. The Centenary^ of American Independence was duly cele- 
brated in 1876, the World's Fair marking a notable epoch in the history of Philadelphia and 
the United States. 

In subsequent chapters the Centennial and all other features of interest connected with the 
city in the past and the present are presented in a concise and exhaustive manner. 




During the summer of 
era made its dread ap- 
S to October 4, caused 
turbed the city in 1834 
1838, 1840 and 1844. 
1836. In 1837 specie 
and the failure of the 
States, two years later, 
commerce of the city, 
of the first telegraph 
27, 1846. The charter 
1789) being merely an 
Act of Incorporation to 
the period, the suburbs, 
were created districts, 
izations ; the inconven- 
ultimately to the Con- 
which abolished the sub- 
made the city coexten- 
Philadelphia. 
Union the city lavished. 
and the First Regiment of National Guards stands eminent for 
The great Sanitary Fair was held in 1864, in Logan Square, 



Edwin Sidney Stuart. 



A PAGF FROM EARLY HISTORY. 
Although the site of the city where now move, live and have their being, upward of a 



36 HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA'. 

million of people, was ;i veritable wilderness and the abode of primitive man, traversed only by 
the bear the wolf and the child of the forest, at the advent of William Penn, there had aln 
been established on the banks of the Delaware some straggling white settlements. It is a ma) 
tei ol historical record, that even before Penn was born Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, had 

conceived the idea of planting a colony on this very spot. The design ol the Swedish n arch 

would seem to even have anticipated the purposes of the noble Quaker almost in their entirety, 
for it is said he made plans to found a "slate absolutely free, an asylum for the oppressed oi 
even creed where every man should enjoy the fruits of his own labor." It was furthei pro 
posed by him that "the land should be fairly bought from the wild peoples," that no slaver) ol 
any kind should be permitted, and that the truths of the Christian religion should be taught 
these same "wild peoples." It was not until many years later, however, that the project could 
be put into execution. An expedition was fitted out. in 1637, to plant the " New Sweden." 

The Swedish settlers occupied a narrow strip of ground along the rivers, on the edge ol the 
forest in that section of the city known as Southwark. In the meantime a number of Dutch 
settlers had arrived in the vicinity. So that when Penn first set foot in the New World, he 
was met by a friendly people and received hearty greeting. The first civilized man who visited 
Delaware Bay was Capt. Henry Hudson, and he came in 1609. About a year prior to this, 
however, the mouth of the bay was accidentally discovered by Lord De la Wan, in honor of 
whom the river and bay were named. The Dutch, in 1623, took possession of the whole terri- 
tory between the South River, (Delaware) and the North River, (Hudson), and held it until 
rGGa, when the English assumed control. It was subsequently recovered by the Dutch, and 
reverted to British rule in 1674. The first actual European settlement in this region was Fori 
Nassau, near Gloucester, in New Jersey, and the first Dutch settlers were murdered by the 
Indians. The Swedes, who followed in 1638 and settled on the west bank of the Delaware, were 
more successful, but their success involved them in trouble with tin' Dutch, to whom they finally 

succumbed. 

In i68r a charter for the territory twelve miles north of New Castle to 43 ion,. 
bounded east by the Delaware River, and to extend west 5° in longitude to the same 
degree of latitude, was granted to William Penn. The whole region was then an unbroken 
wilderness, for the Swedish and Dutch settlers had made no effort toward changing the primeval 
aspect of the district. The former lived in caves, dressed in sheepskins, and barely tilled the 
ground enough to furnish the means of subsistence, while the latter devoted themselves almosl 
entirely to trading with the Indians. The Swedes were nowise averse to the Quakers settling 
in the neighborhood, but they were not over-kindly disposed tow aid the Dutch, who claimed the 
soil as their own. The Swedish settlers, too, had established friendly relations with, the natives 
in fact, the utmost good feeling had existed between them and the children of the forest for 
fully half a century befon Penn's famous treaty with the Indians was entered into. And when 
William Penn came among them he declared the Swedes to be more sober and industrious than 
the people of other nations. There was very much in common between these colonists and the 
Quaker settlers. They were patient, hopeful and virtuous, and were extremel) simple in theii 
habits. They neither murmured at the fate that had driven them from home to seek an abode 
amid such uninviting surroundings, nor made the forest resound with hallelujahs, but applied them 
selves diligently to the task of creating a new order of things on this earth, viz. : the building up 
of a community where all could live in peace and harmony, in accordance with the teachings ol 
founder oi Christianity. Theirs was to be an ideal commonwealth, ulnar perfect freedom -1 
conscience, religious liberty and equal rights were to be the cornel Stones ol the moral and 
ric— the first practical attempt in this direction, in all probability, in the history of tin 
\;, ( ] here, too, came those who were persecuted for their religious opinion,, not only in the Old 
World countries, but also in some of the colonies in the New. Here the different sects 
in brotherly love, the pastors of the various denominations evincing their friendliness toward 

rig occasionally in each others' pulpits. lint little progress, in a material way, 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



37 




Tlje Surnmer H ouse. | 

M ■ — ■ " . H i ■ I I !-! , - ..-., — — ., . ,.,..1.1.11 . 1 1 . _^ * II > ■ ' ■ 



View in FAiRMorwT I'akk 



38 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



was made up to the time "1 the arrival of the English immigrants. The Swedish colonists had. 
however, abandoned the caves and now lived in rude log huts, caulked with mud and lighted by 
holes cut in the walls; hut there was scarcely any stir in the community. The new arrivals from 
England settled down in a spot near the Delaware, close l>y the Swedes, and at that point the city 
remained for nearly a century. From this period onward there were signs of activity, and the place 
soon after could boast of houses built of brick, although they were very unpretentious structures. 

The implements, tools and utensils in use, while they were .1 great improvement on those 
doing service hitherto, were still of the crudest character. The furniture was of the plainest. 
the clothing worn by the people was for the most part ol the coarsest material. 

One of the earliest English settlers, Gabriel Thomas, soon after landing, wrote that the only 
vehicles in the community, in addition to William Penn's calash, were thirty ran-,. He says 
further that laboring men were paid three times as much wages as in England. Women's wages 
he declares to be "exorbitant — from £5 to £10 per annum." And there are "no begars, nor 
olde maydes, neither lawyers nor doctors, with lycence to kill and make mischeef." 

At long intervals there came to the settlement men of means, cadets of respectable families. 
driven from England by persecution, or emigrants from the Barbadoes, bringing their slaves or 
household goods along with them; and thus the population continued to increase. 




WILLIAM PENN. 

The founder of the colony of Pennsylvania, the renowned Quaker and philanthropist, 
William Penn, was born at Tower Hill, London, on October 14, 1644. He was the son of Sir 
William Penn, an eminent English admiral. His mother's name was Margate; Jaspar. His 
early days were spent partly in Ksse\ and partly in Ireland, where his father had several 
estates. He went to school at Chigwell, near his home in Kssex. and studied at Christ Church, 

id, where he was converted to Quakerism by the preaching of a disciple of George Pox. 
named Thomas Loe. His enthusiasm for his new faith assumed a pugnacious form. Not only 
did he object personally to attend the services of the Church of England, and to wear the SU1 
plice of a student — both of which he considered eminently papistical — but, along with sunn 
panions, who had also become Quakers, he attacked several of his fellow-students and tore the 
ions robes from their backs. For this unseemly procedure Penn was expelled from the 
university. His lather was so excessively annoyed at his conduct that he gave Penn a seven 
beating and turned him out of doors; but he soon aftei mollified and seni his son to travel on 
the Continent, in the hope that the 1 hange and the gayety of French life would alter the 

of his mind. This failed, however, to produce th desired effect, but the youth certainly 
acquired a grace and suavity of address that he did no; before possess. 

William served foi several days on the stall" of his father, now a great commander, and was 
by him sent back in April, 1665, to Charles II., with dispatches. 

Returning after the naval victory off Lowestoft, in June, Admiral Penn found that, probably 
from the effect upon his mind of the awful outbreak of the plague, his son had become settled 
11 seriousness and Quakerism. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



39 




40 HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

In 1666 the admiral sent him to [reland to look after his estates in the county of Cork, 
which he did to the satisfaction of his father; for in matters ol business he was as 

practical as in religion he was an out-and-out mystic. In the city of Cork, however, he again 
fell in with Thomas Loe, and soon became involved in difficulty. 

On September 3, 1667, while attending a meeting of Quakers in Cork, Penn assisted in 
expelling a soldier who had disturbed the ings, and for this he was, along with others, 

imprisoned by the mayor, but was immediately released upon appealing to the lore! president of 
the council of Minister, who was personally acquainted with him. lie then returned to London 
an avowed believer in the doctrines enunciated by George Fox and an advocate of these tenet-. 
Again lie and his father quarreled, because the conscience of the former would not allow him to 

take "it his hat to anybody, not even to the king, the Dul 1 York, or the admiral him 

more he was turned out of doors by his, perhaps testy, but assuredly provoked parent. 
His mother, however, stepped in and smoothed matters so fat thai Penn was permitted to return 
home, and his father even exerted his influence with the government to wink at his son's attendance 
at the illegal conventicles 'of the Quakers, which nothing could induce him to give up. 

Penn now became a minister of the persuasion he professed, and at once entered upon 
controvers; .mil authorship. His first public discussion was with Thomas Vincent, ,1 Presbyterian 
preacher of I who had reflected on the ••damnable" doctrine- of the Quakers. In this 

he appears to have acted as second to George Whitehead. The imputations upon his opinions 
and good citizenship, made, as well by dissenters as by the Church, he repelled with vigor. In 
1688 he was thrown into the Tower, on account of a publication entitled "The Sandy Foundation 
Shaken," in which he attacked the ordinary tenets of the Trinity, Cod's '•satisfaction" in the 
death of Christ and justification by the imputation of Christ's righteousness. While in prison 
William Penn wrote the most famous and popular of his books "No Cross, No Crown" and '' Inno- 
with her Open face," a vindication of himself, which contributed to his liberation, which 
was obtained through the interference of the Duke of York. 

In 1670 Admiral Penn died, leaving his son an estate of ,£1,500 a year, together with claims 
upon the government for ,,{,"10,000. 

Early in 167 1 Penn was again arrested for preaching in Wheeler Street meeting-house, by 
Sir J. Robinson, the lieutenant of the Tower, formerly lord mayor, and known as a brutal and 
bigoted churchman. Refusing to take the oath at his trial, Penn was committed to Newgate for 
six months. During his imprisonment he wrote several works, the most important being 
"• The Great Cause of Liberty of Conscience," a noble defense of complete toleration. After 
regaining his freedom, he visited Holland and Germany, in the company of Fox and Barclay, 
for the purpose of dissiminating the doctrines of his sect. Upon his return home, in the spring 
of 1672, Penn mat lied Culielm.i, Maria Springelt. daughter of Sir William Springett, and for 

siime years thereaftei continued to devote himself to the propagati >f the Quaker faith, which 

he did, both by preaching and writing. During the yeai last mentioned he published the 
'•Treatise on Oaths and England's Present Interest Considered." 

In the year 1673 Penn was still mon active. lb ecured the release ol George Fox, 
addressed the Quakers in Holland and Germany, carried on public controversies with Hicks, a 
md Faldo, an Independent, and wrote his treatise on the "Christian Quaker and his 
Divine Testimony Vindicated," the "Discourse ol the General Rule of Faith and Practice," 
"Reason Against Railing," (in answer to Hicks), "Counterfeit Christianity Detected" and a 
"Just Rebut to One-and-Twenty Learned Divine-," (an answei to Faldo and to "Quakerism no 

stianity "). His last public controversy was with Kit hard Baxter, in 11175. :llu ' m which 
each pan d a victory. Dming this year Penn's active sympathies were enlisted on behalf 

of the imprisoned Qual ' deen. 

umstances having turned his attention to the New World, he. in 1681, obtained from 
the Crown, in lieu of his monetary claim upon it. a grant of territory now forming the State of 
Pennsylvania. Penn desired to call the colony Sylvania, on account of the forests with which 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



41 




I.' HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

t lie region was covered: but the king (Charles II.) good-humoredly insisted on the prefix Perm. 
The dominant motive of the gnat Quaker was to establish a home for his co-religionists in the 
distant West, where they might preach and practice their convictions in unmolested peace. Ai this 
point his connection with America begins. 

The province ol New Jersey, comprising the country between the Hudson and Delaware 
rivers, on the east and west, had been granted in March, 1663-64, by Charles II., to his brother; 
James, in turn, had. in June of the same year, leased u to Lord Berkeley and Sir George Car- 
teret in equal shares. By a deed, dated March 18, 1673-74, John Fenwick, a Quaker, bought one 
of the shares — that of Lord Berkeley — in trust for Edward Byllinge, also a Friend. This sale 
was confirmed by James, alter the second Dutch War, on August 6, 16S0. Disputes having 
arisen between Fenwick and Byllinge, I'enn acted as arbitrator; and then being in financial diffl- 
culties and compelled to sell his interest in order to satislv his creditors, Perm was added, at 
their request, to the two of themselves, as trustee. The disputes were finally settled by fen 
wick receiving ten out of the hundred parts into which the province was divided, with a consider- 
able sum ol money, the remaining ninety parts being afterwards put up tot sale. Fenwick sold 
his ten parts to two other Friends, Eldridge and Warner, who thus, with Penn and the other two, 
became masters of West Jersey, West New Jersey or New West Jersey, as it was indifferently 
called. The five proprietors appointed three commissioners, with instructions dated from London. 
August 16, 1676. to settle disputes with Fenwick (who had bought fresh lands from the Indians) 
and to purchase new territories, to survey and divide them, and to build a town — New Beverley 
(Burlington) being the result. 

For the new colony Penn drew up a constitution, under the title of "concessions," which 
he himself thus describes ; " There we lav a foundation for after ages to understand then 
liberty as men and Christians, that they may not be bought in bondage but by their own 
consent; for we put the power in the people." The greatest care is taken to make this con- 
stitution conform " as near as may be convenient to the primitive ancient and fundamental laws 
of the nation of England." But a democratic element is introduced and the new principles 
of perfect religious freedom — " that no men nor numbers of men upon earth hath power 
or authority to rule over men's consciences in religious matters" — stands in the first place. 
Such a constitution, which is in nftrked contrast with Locke's aristocratic one for Carolina, set- 
tled eight years previously, soon attracted large numbers of Quakers to West Jersey. 

It was shortly before the events just related that William Penn inherited through his wife 
the estate of Worthinghurst, in Sussex, whither he removed from Rickmansworth. 

In 167X the Popish Terror came to a head, and to calm and guide friends in the prevailing 
excitement Penn wrote his "Epistle to the Children ol Light in this Generation." A far 

m 11 important work was "An Address to Protestants of all Persuasions, by William I'enn. 
Protestant," in 1679. This was succeeded .1: the general election which followed the dissolution 
of the pensionary parliament, by a political manifesto "England's Great Interest in the 
Choice of this New Parliament." Next came "One Project for the Good of England," 
which was perhaps, the most pungenl of his political writings. 

Not were In- efforts on behall of the cause to which he had devoted himself confined to 
the pen. h 1- uncertain to what extent Penn retained his interest in West and East Jersey, 
or when the same ceased. The two provinces were united under one government in 1699, 
and Penn was proprietor in 1700. Two years later the government of New Jersey was surren 

d( oil to the Crown. 

By the charter ol Pennsylvania William Penn was made proprietary in the province. Ik- 
was supreme governor; he had the powei ol making laws, with the advice, assent and appro- 
bation of the Ere "i appointing officers, and of granting pardons. These laws were to 

contain nothing contrary to British law, with a saving to the Crown and the English Council 
in case of appeals. Parliament was to be supreme in all questions of trade and commerce; 
the right to levy taxes and customs was reserved to England; an agent to represent William 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



43- 




it HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

Penn was to reside in London; neglect on the part of Pemi was to lead I" the passing of 
the government to the Crown (which event actually took place in 170-' 1 no correspondence 
might be carried on with countries at war with great Britain. 

\ 1 lause added at the last moment illustrates curiously both tin- strength and the jealous} of 
the Anglican church at the time. The importunity of the bishop of London extorted the 
right to appoint Anglican ministers, should twenty members of the colony desire, thus securing 
the ven thing which l'enn was anxious to avoid — the recognition <>! the principle of the 
Establishment. 

Having appointed Colonel Markham, his cousin, as deputy, .\nd having, in October, sent out 
three commissioners to manage affairs until his arrival, Penn proceeded to draw up proposals to 
adventurers, with an account of the resources of the colony. He negotiated, too. with James 
and Lord Baltimore, with the view, ultimately successful, ol freeing the mouth of the Delaware. 
He -ii' ird conciliator) terms to the Indians and encouraged the formation of companies to work 
the infant colony, both in England and Germany, especially the "Free Society of Traders in 
Pennsylvania," to whom he sold 20.000 acre-,, absolutely refusing, however, to giant any monopo- 
lies. In July he drew up a constitution E01 the government of the colony. 

It was in the midst ot his extreme activity that Penn was made a Fellow ol the Royal Society. 
Leaving his family behind him, l'enn sailed with a hundred comrade-., from Deal, in the We, 
come, on September 1, 1682. Mis " Last Farewell to England," anil his letter to his wife and 
children contain a beautiful expression of his pious and manly nature. He landed at New 
Castle, on the Delaware, on October 27, his company having lost one-third of their number by- 
smallpox during the voyage. After receiving formal possession, and having visited New York, 
Penn ascended the Delaware to the Swedish settlement of Upland, to which he gave the name of 
Chester. 

The Assembly at once met, and on December 7 passed the "Great Law of Pennsylvania." 
The idea underlying this law is that Pennsylvania was to be a Christian state on a Quaker 
model. Only one condition was made necessary for office or citizenship, viz. : Christianity. The 
constitution was purely democratic; all offices, for example, are elective. In many other provis- 
ions Penn showed himself far in advance of his time, but in none so much as where the penalty 
of death was abolished for all ohences except murder. Lawsuits were to be superseded by 
arbitration — always a favorite idea with Penn. An act was passed uniting under the same 
eminent the territories which had been 'rained -by feoffment by James, in 1682. 

William Penn's connection with the Indians was one of the most successful parts of his 
management, and he gained at once and retained through life, their intense affection. At his 
death they sent to his widow a message of sorrow for the loss of their "brother Onas," with 
some choice skins to form a cloak which might protect her "while passing through the thorny 
wilderness without her guide" 

Penn now wrote an account of Pennsylvania from his own observation for the "Free Society 
of Traders." in which he showed considerable <>l artistic description. 

Tales of violent persecution of the Quakers and the necessity ol settling disputes which had 
arisen with Lord Baltimore, his neighbor in Maryland, carried Penn back to England in 1684. 
Within five months after his arrival in England, Charles II. died and Penn found himself .11 once 
in a position of great influence. His close connection with James, dating from the death ot his 
father, was rendered doubly sunn.; by the fact thai, from different causes, each was sincerely 
anxious to establish complete libert) ol conscience. 

In 1686, when making'a third missionary journe) to Holland and Germany, Penn was charged 
by James with an informal mission to the Prince of Orange, to endeavot to gain his assent to 
the removal of religious tests. In 16S7 James published the "Declaration of Indulgence," and 
Penn probably drew up the address of thanks on the part of the Quakers. 

At the Revolution Penn behaved with courage. He was one of the few friends of the king 
who remained in London, and when twice summoned before the council, he spoke boldly in his 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



45 







46 HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

behalf. He admitted thai lames had asked him to come to him in France; but at the same 
time he asserted Ins perfect loyalty. 

Dining the absence of William, in 1890, IVnn was proclaimed by Maty as a dangerous person, 
but no evidence of treason was forthcoming. It was now that he lost by death two ol his dearest 
friends, Robert Barclay and George Fox. Again, in 1691. a proclamation was issued for the 
arrest of Penn and two others, as being concerned in Preston's Plot. He might, on the inter- 
-cession of Locke, have obtained a pardon, but refused to do so. He 'appears to have especially 
felt the suspicions that fell upon him from the members of Ins own body. 

In 1692 he began to write again, both on questions ol Quakei discipline and in defense of 
his sect. This year he published "Just Measures in an Epistle of Peace and Love," "The New 
Athenians" and "A K.ey Opening the Way to Ever} Capacity." 

Meantime nutters had been going badly in Pennsylvania. No sooner had Penn, by a skillful 
compromise, settled matters, than the colony was torn by schism, caused by George Keith. On 
October 21, 1692, an order of the Council was issued, depriving Penn of the governorship ol Penn- 
sylvania and giving it to Colonel Fletcher, the governor of New York. To this blow was added 
:lhe illness of his wife and fresh accusations of treasonable correspondence with James. 

In 1694 his wife, Gulielma, died. He consoled himself by writing his "Account of the Rise 
and Progress of the People Called Quakers." Vbout two years latei he again married. His sec- 
ond wife was Hannah Callow-hill, a Bristol lady. The same year he wrote his work "On Primi- 
tive Christianity," in which he argues that the faith and practices ol the Friends were those of 
the early Church. In 1697 Penn removed to Bristol, and during the yeai [698 was preaching 
with great success, against oppression in Ireland, whither he had gone to look alter property in 
Shaunagarv. The following year he was back again in Pennsylvania, landing near Chester, on 
November 30. 

Affairs once more demanded his presence in England. The king had, in 1701, written to 
urge upon the Pennsylvania!) government a union with other private colonies for defense, and had 
asked for money for fortifications. 

A bill was introduced into the House of Lords to convert private into Crown colonies. The 
accession of Anne appears to have put an end to the bill in the Lords, and to Penn's troubles 
on this score. He once more assumed the position of leader of the Dissenters, and himself read 
the address of thanks for the promise from the throne to maintain the Act of Toleration. 

He now took up his abode again at Kensington, and while here published his " More 
Fruits of Solitude.' 

In 1703 he went to Knightsbridge, where he remained until 1706, when he removed to 
Boentford, his final residence being taken up in 17 10 at Field Ruscombe, near Twyford. 

In 1704 Penn wrote his "Life of Bulstrode Whitelocke." He had now much trouble 
from America. Moreover, pecuniary difficulties came heavily upon him, while the conduct of his 
son William, who had become the ringleader of all the dissolute characters in Philadelphia, was 
another and still more severe trial. He was harassed, too, by troubles with his government of 
Pennsylvania. Fresh disputes arose with Lord Baltimore, the owner of Maryland, and Penn 
felt deeply, what seemed to him, the ungrateful treatment which he met at the hands of the 
Assembly. He, therefore, in 17 10, wrote in earnest and affectionate language an address to 
his '"old friends," setting forth his wrongs. So great was the effect which this produced, that 
the Assembly, which met in October of that year, was entirely in his interests. 

Penn now, in February. 1712, being in failing health, proposed to surrender his powers to 
the Crown. Before, however, the matter could go further, he was seized with apoplectic fits, 
■which shattered his understanding and memory. A second attack occurred in 17 13. and from that 
time until his death his powers gradually failed, although at times his intellect was clear and vigor- 
ous. He died May 30, 17 18, and was buried along with his first and second wives, at Jourdan's 
mieeting-house, near Chalfaut St. Giles, in Buckinghamshire. He left issue by both marriages. 

It has finally to be mentioned that in 1790 the proprietary rights of Penn's descendants 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



47 




48 HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

were bought up for a pension ol £4,000 a yeai to the eldest male descendant by his second 
and that this pension was finally commuted foi the sum of ?335,ooo. 

Upon the Pen 11 controversy, it is unnecessary to enter; and besides, writers on this sul 
differ very widely. We refer our readers to Macauley's "History ol England," Hepworth 
Dixon's "Life of William Perm," Paget's "Inquiry into the Evidence ol the Charges Brought 
b) Lord Macaule\ Against William Penn," and Stoughton's "William Penn." 

In return for this important grant, Penn acknowledged satisfaction of a claim for £16,000 
in which the British government was indebted to his father's estate. As sunn as the formal 
steps were completed which fully established Penn's rights of proprietorship he immediately took 
steps to assume control of his new property and to make the necessary preparations tor its 
development. He wasted no time in delay. Within a month from the day that the royal seal 
was affixed to the charter which made him proprietor of the new country beyond the Delaware, 
Penn had prepared and had circulated among the people of England a prospectus ol the lands 
with a glowing enthusiasm of description that may well Lie envied by the ablest real estate 
dealers of the present day. It is worthy of note, however, in this connection, that of the 
hosts of people who were led by the promises thus held out to cast their fortunes in the 
New ' World, not one ever complained of misrepresentation. They found all things that were 
promised them and more. They found a beautiful ami fertile country, with a salubrious cli- 
mate and every natural facility for the happiness and prosperity of a resourceful people. 

The first real estate boom in the lands to be occupied by the future city of Philadelphia, 
which has more than fulfilled the promise of its founder, was ol a permanent nature ami its 
logical results are seen in the development of the Philadelphia of to-day, which after a growth of 
more than two hundred years offers inducements for residence and for business many thousand- 
fold greater than those afforded by the then New World which Penn pictured in such attractive 
colors. The results of Penn's appeal for colonists were at once manifested in the hearty 
response of a large number of enthusiastic colonists of the better class. The majority of 
these were attracted as much by the strong personality "I Penn, in whom they placed an 
implicit confidence which they never had reason to regret, and by the plan ol government 
which he had outlined, as by the natural advantages claimed for the province. The whole 
New World was to the people of those davs a veritable 1''./ Dorado "I nature, and the. ques- 
tions of government, ol religious liberty and of the restrictions to be placed upon the enjoj 
ment of the fruits of individual industry were of paramount importance to intending colonists. 
With his firm belief in the faith and principles of the Quakers, prominent in which was a 
belief in individual liberty of conscience ami a political equality, Penn's first act after acquiring 
the title to his province was to issue a statement in which he laid down the principles on 
which his colony was to be founded. Briefly summarized, his plan was for the foundation of 
a colony on the principles of brotherly love and good-will among men — a free commonwealth 
with equal lights to all men of good character, whatever their race, color or religion. In 
further compliance with the peaceful proclivities of the Quakers, he announced his intention of 
living on friendly terms with the Indians, and avoiding conflicts with the red men by adhering 
strictly to every promise made. He appealed to the patriotism of his fellow-countrymen by 
picturing the luster which a colony founded 011 such principles would add to the glory of 
Britain. This declaration of plans and principles attracted hundreds ol intelligent and 
respectable colonists, and it should be borne in mind that the troubles and dissentions into 
which the colony was plunged in latei years were caused by the failure "I those in control 
i" adhere to the principles laid down by Penn with such kern foresighl as the foundation of 
its government. 

As his representative in the new colony until In- should come in person to take posses- 
sion of Ins grant, Penn commissioned William Markham .is deputy governor. Markham cann 
over with the fust colonists and had been thoroughly instructed by Penn in the line ol policy 
which he should follow and the work which he should do to 1 irry out the plans of the proprietor. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



49 




50 HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

Meanwhile Penn busied liimself in arranging the details ol his depai lire, in furthei 
of the advantages of the new province £01 intend in the disposa 

So encouraging were thi reports which came from thi earlier colonists, so faithfully were Penn's 
instructions followed by his representatives al the head ol the colony, and so enterprising was 
Penn himsell in the prosecution of his plans, thai by June tst, 1682, it is recorded thai Penn 
h;ul sold 565,500 acres ami the colony had already assumed an appearance ol substantial pros- 
perity, and the solid foundations ol its future growth were laid. 

Meanwhile Penn had sent 10 the Indian tribes a personal assurance ol his good-will and 
in live on friendly terms with them, ami had sent to the Swedes who wen- already 

1 ished in the province, his assurance that thej would In- secure in their homes and lands 
and would he accorded tli'' same rights and liberties as the new- colonists. 

His first rare alter receiving his grant was to draw up a plan ol government for his prov- 
ince, and in this he showed a high order of statesmanship and a liberality that was the 
outgrowth of his broad views and his firm adherence to the principles of the Quakers. For. 
though the terms of his grant gave him absolute proprietorship and an opportunity for amassing 
enormous wealth from the revenues he could lew, his desire to found a great and flourishing 
colony was higher than any desire lor private gain, and he framed a liberal constitution that 
was a further incentive to emigration to the new colony. The name Pennsylvania had been 
given to the territory in the royal grant. 

In the fall of 1682, Penn's preparations were completed and he sailed to take formal pos- 
session of his province. On the 20th of October, 1682, accompanied by a large party of 
colonists, lie arrived at New Castle, where he received an enthusiastic greeting from the people 
already established in the new land who had come to give him welcome. There were English. 
Dutch and Swedes in the throng, all anxious to honor the proprietor whose liberality and kind- 
ness was already bearing fruit. To these Penn made an address in which he gave renewed 
assurance of the continuance ol the liberal plans of government which had been already out- 
lined in his letters, and he exhorted them to so conduct themselves as to be worthy members 
of such a colony by cultivating qualities of sobriety, honesty and thrift. After a journey up 
the Delaware, Penn visited New York to confer with the governor of that province, which 
adjoined his territory on the north, and then returned to Pennsylvania to take up the duties 
and responsibilities of his proprietorship. 

Prior to Penn's departure from England, the Duke of York had given up his claim to the 
three reserved counties on the Delaware, which had been held by New York, ami the Province 
ol Pennsylvania then included the whole territory on the western bank of the bay and river, 
from Cape Henlopen on the south to the forty-third degree of latitude on the north. Penn's 
visit to the governor of the neighboring and older province of New York was in one sense an 
act of courtesy, but it served also to make Penn familar with the boundaries of his province 
on the north and east, to give him a knowledge of the great waterways which would be 
utilized to develop the commerce of his province ; and more than all else, it must be supposed 
thai Penn profited 1>\ his visit to New York to make observations <>1 its trade and commerce 
which were of value to him in the planning of his own city on the Delaware, which was des- 
tined to soon become a rival of New York in commercial importance, and. lor a time at least, 
to surpass it in the volume of trade and to be for many years the commercial metropolis of 
he New World. 

PENN'S TREATY Willi THE INDIANS. 

With his customary prudence. Penn's first care was to guard his new province from those con- 
flicts with the aboriginies which had served so much to retard the growth and prosperity of the 
older colonies. His deputy, Markham, had closely followed his instructions in these particulars and 
had already made treaties "I peace and friendship with the neighboring tribes, had purchased 
lands, and had attended to the many details of establishing the colony as Penn had planned 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



51 







lit i 



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Uirarii Trust Co.'s Buildini 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL P H 1 1. A I) H L P H 1 A . 




rhese treaties ami purchases had been made, in 
Perm's name, and ii only remained for the pro- 
prietor to formally ratifij in person the work done 
b) his deputy, ami to give to the natives his own 

assurance ol Ins g l-will ami peaceful intentions. 

To this end the chiefs >>l all the tribes wen- sum- 
moned in .1 great conference on the banks ol 
the Delaware, and there under a noble elm, on 
the spot which is now marked b) a stone suitabl) 

died, was held the famous council which 

passed into historj as the most memorable confer- 
evei held between the red man and the 
white on this continent. ( hi IVnn's side the 

conference consisted in a renewed assurance of 
lis desire to treat the Indians with fairness 
and justice, to recognize them as brothers, and 
to live with them as neighbors on terms ol 
'friendliness and peace. There was to In- no 
place in the policj ol Penn's government for 
wars and bloodshed. Indeed, the principles 

of the Quakers forbade the use of force, and 
Penn's plan was to meet the Indians on 
terms of the closest friendship. \s an 

Penn Treaty Stone. outward sign of this pacific policy I'enn and 

who accompanied him went to the council without arms of any kind, and Penn's 
and his evident sincerity of purpose impressed the red men more favorably than any 
of force could have accomplished. These children of the forest, whose powers ol 
observation were accurately trained, were accurate readers of character, and Penn's estimate of 
their disposition proved to be well founded. They recognized him as a man who would keep 
his promises, and he rightly judged that if treated fairly as men they would in turn be true to 
their pledges. ["he chiefs signified their acceptance and appreciation oi the proffer ol friendship, 
anil the covenant of peace there made in the name of the Great Spirit, whom both white and 
red man worshipped in the simple spirit of reverence, remained unbroken through the seventj 
years <>i Quakei rule in Pennsylvania, ami was only broken when in later years the descend- 
ants and successors of the early colonists departed from tin- wise policy of kindness, honest} 
and tolerance which Penn had inaugurated. But by that time the whites were firmly established 
as the dominant power in the land, and it is a matter of history that Pennsylvania suffered less 
by troubles with the Indians than any of the other colonies, and this served in a great m 
advance the interests of the colony, and more especially of Philadelphia. 
The next step after the conference with the Indians was a general convention of the colony. 
held at Chester, on December 4. 16S2, which continued three days, during which the territorial 
lation was completed, and the machinery oi government for the new province put in work- 
ing shape. Penn next went to Maryland to confer with Lord Baltimore, his neighbor on the 
south, and agree on the southern boundary of his province. This business occupied 1 month 
and then I'enn returned to Chester to take up what was to be he most important task of all. 
lb :, with the Indians .1 compact of 1 peaci he had settled lly terms 

with his neighbors to the north and to the south, the often esome question ol boundaries, 

and with no fear of encroachments fi V ' \ n'k on the north, or Maryland on the south, 01 

of conflicts with the Indians within his province, his mind was free to take up his long 
project- -the planning of his city. And this brings us to the first great epoch in our history. 



thosi 

Wold 
show 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



53 





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I »i;i:\ EL I itTILDING 



54 HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

Till FOUNDING 01 PHILADELPHIA. 

In this work, again, the master-mind ol Penn shows itself. His citj was nol planned merely 
foi ins own day and generation, but for all time, and il Penn could have liftei il of the 

centuries and looked into the future with prophetic vision, he could nol have made Ins i 
better. 

In many ways, Penn was, perhaps, better qualified than anj man ..I his .in foi the founding 
ol a <reat city. In his youth, his father, Admiral Penn, who was a man ol prominence in Ins 
day and a friend of the king, had si.au him to the continent, in the hope "I breaking of) his 
,.,,,....;,,,, belie! in the doctrines ol the Quakers. L'his effori was nol succi i Penn's mind 
was so firmly held 1>\ the teachings ol Fox, that his travels only tended to confirm him in his 
belief, and Ik- returned to England onlj to become, himself, a Quaker preacher, instead ol a diplo- 
mat or a courtier, as his father had hoped. This adherence of Penn to the i i i the Quakers 

,.,,si his fathei a peerage and I sell a title, for with a son in the line of sin es >vho 0| 

espoused the cause ol tin- "seditious Quakers," the gallant admiral could nol be granted the 
token of royal favoi which was the highest reward of faithful service to the Crown. This course 
ol Penn's was a source of profound sorrow and bitter disappointment to the ambitious admiral, 
Inu he lived to appreciate the force of Ins son's < haracter and give him his blessing in his 
. h isen work. 

The vears of Penn's hie thus spent in a conflict between die parental desires and die incli- 
nations of his own hear! and conscience were now to beai fruit. He was naturall) ol an observ- 
ing turn of mind and in his knowledge of men, measures and places was essentially a man of 
tin- world — not ol worldly desires in a selfish sense, bul of worldl} knowledge in its bro 
sense. He was a thorough diplomat, as his treatment of the Indians and of his white neighbors 
of different races shows; he was a shrewd man <>f business, as his energetic and enterprising 
methods of building up his province prove; and above all he was a far-seeing man of ideas. 
With the simplicity and modesty of a Quaker he had the master-mind ol the born leader and 
ruler of men, and this, his city on the Delaware, is a lasting monument. 

During his visits to the great capitals of Europe he had carefully noted their plans and 
their lines of development, and he had the opportunity of studying the results of centuries of 
growth. Even then Penn had in mind the founding ol a community on the principles of the 
Quakers, and it was with the firm conviction that neither England nor the continent afforded a 
suitable site lor the planting of such a community, that he turned his attention to the New 
World. Thus, with a practical knowledge of the sources of municipal development, a linn faith 
in the promise of the future, and a mind and purpose wholly devoted to the welfare oi tin- com 
m unity, Penn devoted himself to the task of laying oul his city. He had already decided on its 
name and had chosen one which was typical of the lading spirit of his ideal community— Phila- 
delphia, the Cit) ot Brotherly Love. It was not a new name, nor was Ins a new idea. CentU 

ries yes, ages 1" fore— men ol master-minds had been imbued with the same or a ven similai 

idea of an ideal community, typical of the highest civilization of their day, where brotherly love 
should rule, and history records the founding of at least two cities to which the name Philadel- 
phia was given. but neithei was the lime ripe foi the successful carrying out of such a plan 
nor was the man at hand to give n a permanent foundation. It was reserved foi Penn's time 
to furnish in the persons ol tie- Quakers the people whose principles and practices rendered 
feasible tie- almost Utopian do-. mis ol the greatesi minds ol tin-Man civilization, in the New 
World the ideal site lor the planting -a the perfeci commonwealth, and in Penn himsell the mas- 
da m ind and hand to devise and direct the plans which, under such fortuitous circumstances. 
should result in establishing a permanent city of Philadelph 

I III-. LOCATION of bill-: CITY. 

In tracing the rise and developmenl ol the cit} ol Philadelphia through more than two 



is 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




Manufacturers' Cli'b House. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

centuries of commercial progress, il is fitting that we should, in the firs ice, sidei 

ation, as this has ever been and is to-day an importam i ictoi in i t> growth anil 

Historj gives us hundreds ol instances win citii founded and grew to 

commanding prominence in population, in wealth and in commerce, and then in the course ol 

time declined, dei ed, and at last eithei i I entirely from the face of the earth — and 

nee, 01 through famine, 01 from any outward cause, bul simply 
and solely because they lacked in themselves the essential elements oi permanent success, Die 
fortune of citi on bj favor, but by the superior attractions of natural and 

advantages. Trade is an exacting servant and a most tyrannical master. It builds a cit\ and 

it rules it: it cherishes and p ite il and makes il a magnet for the peoples earth, jusi 

ii i es iis purpose best: but just so s i as there appears elsewhere the 

promise ol a larg i nd a more enduring growth trade leaves the city il has built 

and fostered and i mot 

We need not delve among the buried ruins of the Old World for illustrations this well- 

d fact; our own land, still in its centuries of youth, will furnish abundant illustratit I 

cities which have been iumded on a mistaken idea, which have had a mushroom growth and 
left only a memory ol disappo i hopes — the graveyard of a boom collapsed. The cities that 
have had a permanent and enduring prosperity have ever been and are to-day those which have 
offered superior facilities for trade — and one foremost among these is Philadelphia. 

Where the waters of the Schuylkill mi ose of the Delaware, the two great rivers approach 

each the other, the one from the north and west and the other from the northeast, and betv 
them, northward from theii confluence, stretches a neck oi land irregular in its outline and 
idly broadening toward the north. On this neck of land, beautiful in its native verdure and 

rich autumn foliage illumined by the soft rays of an October sunlight as Penn sailed up 
the Delaware from New Castle to surve) the new domain of which he was proprietor, he planned 
to found his city. 

It seemed as if Nature herself, in following out the law that all things are created foi 
purpose, had fashioned this neck ol land and its embracing arms of water as the very site on 
which to place a commercial metropolis of the New World — and to-day the city planted there 
owais but one rival in commercial importance, and that is New York, to which even in many 
special l I A advantag ol residence and business Philadelphia can justly claim supe- 

riority. By reason of her favorable location Philadelphia trade and Philadelphia industry fur- 
nishes an important fa \ • York's trad 

I iking P lis i the i nter of . a circle with a radius oi [36 miles, we find that the 

territory embraced within this convenient distance includes Washington, which is [36 miles 

the southwest: New York, eighty-seven miles to tin theast ; Baltimore, ninety-eight miles away: 

Harrisburg, 106 mile's distant; Bi ioklyn and the populous suburbs ol New \ irk City, 

States ol Ni « I 1 Delaware — a country teeming with a busy population that is within 

enient rea h ol Philadelphia bv many splendidly equipped lines ol railroad, besides the nat- 
ural waterways. As a center of trade and .1 convenient shipping port either b\ watei or rail, 
Phil. 1 ha -day many advanl superiority thai are becoming bettei appreciated 

tr, nicl have especially since the centennial celebration of 1876, been brought promi- 
nent, attention of the nation. 

\ CITY MAGNIFICENTLY PLANNED. 

While nature had thus liberally endowed the site with innumerable idi to Penn 

belongs the credit of a keenness ol appreciation ol tin facilities thus nf) >rded, and he alone, 
perh. ip ill men of his day, had the genius sufficieni to plant thereon a citj worth) ol the 

magnificent work of nature. It is well note here thai ol all the cities ol the nt, Phila- 

delphia was the fust laid out on a definite and n ehensive plan — a plan so broad in 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



.->; 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

iception, so enduring in its nature, thai Philadelphia stands to-day .is ii has stood for 

than two preeminent among the cities oi the world .is the one city whosi 

el has proven adapted to the needs ol the growing capacities and intelligence of 

succeeding generations. The other great cities of the country owed theii plan .mil their con- 

formation largely to chance. ["his v.. is notably the case with New Vork .mil Boston, and can 

be s iv in tin- older parts "i those cities tint were built up even so recently as the last 

'generation. A single stn sufficed tor the nucleus ol .1 colonial city, and at best the 

only had a thought E01 their immediate needs. \s the villages grew into cities the 

natural and irregulai paths made by men and animals in their journeyings to and fro across 

unbroken fields or through the primeval forests served first as country highways ami next as 

ige streets, to he preserved in all their tortuous windings as the cramped tnd 

1 is ol 1 busy city's trade. Great conflagrations have erved in othei cities to compensate 

for their destruction of property by affording an opportunity ol revising the street while 

in America and Kurope to-day great municipalities and rich and powerful governments are 

striving with enormous expenditure of labor and money to rebuild to meet the 

growing necessities of modern times, and correct the errors ol early builders who saw not 

beyond the conditions Ol their own day. Xot so with Philadelphia. The far-seeing mind of 
het great founder grasped with intuitive force the essential requirements of the ideal city, .me 
the Philadelphia of to-day is still the city of Penn — the bio.nl plans of its founder have met 
the requirements of two centuries of growth, and a development along the plans made by Penn 
in 1683 will meet the needs of centuries to come. There were no narrow and tortuous streets 
permitted in Perm's plan. Broad highways laid out at right angles were its essential features, 
and the underlying principle of the whole system wis a desire 10 avoid the unwholesome crowd- 
ing oi population which Penn had observed to be one of the greatest evils of European cities. 
I'o this end each householder in the new city was given a generous sized plot of ground and 
was urged to build in the center that there might be at the front and on either side a wide 
space lor gardens, foi green lawns and spreading trees, and. above all. for an abundant circu- 
lation of pure air. The essential features of this wise plan have been preserved through the 
iries since, and Philadelphia is to-day a city of the most beautiful and healthful homes that 
in be found on this continent, or, indeed, in the whole world. The necessities o( trade have 
is 111 all other cities, forced a concentration of trade in certain localities where similar lines 
ol business find an advantage in proximity to neighbors, but the outlying growth of the city has 
been one of Inn. id and liberal expansion, and there are more important business houses that find 
.1 thriving trade in contributing to the needs of their respective districts than can be found in 
any othei great city of the land. 

\s originally platted by Penn's surveyors the city extended from river to river east and 
west, and from Cedar Street on the south to Vine Street on the north. This territory was laid 
in two hundred blocks, with broad streets intersecting at right angles, and the streets were 
so planned by Penn's instructions thai they could be extended from the water front into the 
country beyond as the city grew. It truly was a conception of a master-mind and so faith- 
fully executed that the growth of the city to-day is still progressing on this same wise plan 

,1 serves in .1 great degree to give the city that appearance of 
tness and of pet ct order which is one of us most striking characteristics. The territory 
thus mapped out by Penn was ol such generous dimensions that for nearly a century it 
d encompass ihi growth -1 the city. When we reflect that during this period Phila- 
delphia had become the superioi ol New York as a 1 mercia 1 can the better 

ii\ eness ol Penn's plan-. 
Latei on the development ol the city was. as Penn had correctly judged, mainly tn the 
country districts to the north, within convenient distance of the main city, which steadily 

in this line. ;ion and in time absorbed these suburban distr'nts. which being laid out on the 

same rectangular plan as the older city, now form a pari of a symmetrical whole. The 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



59 




60 HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

5 are to-day laid oui according to Penn's original design, fifty feet in width, and run 

in ei to river — east and wesl and from north to south, intersecting n rig ■ les The 

i . iberei nunn rii al order, and Marki I Street, which is one hui i 

wide, divides the city, into two districts north and south. 

Till' GROWTH OP COMMERCE. 

idelphia was from the beginning a city oi < ercial importance, and it was Penn's 

di ign to make it such. Very early in its history it became a formidable rival ol V 
and soon outstripped her. The new colony so favorably planted attracted to itsell ill 
ments of progress and strength. Within two years aftei the founding ol the city, 01 1685, a 
printing-office was established, and this was before a printing-office was located in New Vorl 
The printing-office was the unerring sign of a prosperous community and in the following 
or within three years aftei its foundation, Philadelphia had outstripped New \ 

'This wonderful growth ol the new city was the result of its favorable 01 foi com 

men Situated at the head ol navigation on the Delaware, it afforded a safe and convenient 

harbor for trading vessels. The Delaware was navigable foi the largesl ships clear to Phila- 
delphia. The distance from the ocean by bay and rivei was 120 miles, and for smaller vessels 
the river was navigable as ii is to-day — foi sloops, thirty-five miles farthei or in the ffa.ll: 
Trenton, while above the falls there was depth ol water enough for boats 1 1 eight 01 nine 
tons burden for about one hundred miles, thus affording ample facilities i"i trading with the 
interior. On the western side o| die city the Schuylkill afforded navigable waters foi boats ol 
400 tons burthen, and there is to-day a depth oi about fourteen feet of water at the wharves 
on that side oi the city. 

In latei years these natural resources ol navigation were increased by ;ucceeding genera- 
ioi . The Delaware and Hudson ('anal was buill from a point on the Delaware mar the 
mouth ol Lackawaxen Creek to Rondout Kill on the Hudson River, and the Morris Canal 
buill from a point on the Delaware opposite Easton to Jersey City. These canals were ren- 
dered necessary by the demands ol the coal trade and form important lines ol transportation 
to-day . 

There were also improvements made in the navigation from the ocean. Forty-two miles 
below Philadelphia, ai Delaware City, a canal fourteen miles in length unites the I 1 ' iv 10 with 
the Chesapeake and is navigable to vessels of considerable size 

To make a safe harbor in Delaware Bay the nat has built at an expense 

oi iwo and one hall million dollars an immense breakwater at Cape Henlopen, which now 
is shelter to large fleets ol vessels with valuable cargoes and is an important protection to 
coa twise trade. Plans .or now under way, inaugurated h\ the Board oi Trade, foi the fur- 
ther improvement ol the wharf facilities oi the tin— lor thi done ol all the natural advan- 

oi Philadelphia have proved inadequate to mee the pressing needs ol the nnerce of 

to-da 

As in the early history oi Philadelphia her facilities foi ocean commerce and coasting trade 
made hei tin commercial metropolis ol the country, so 1 i-day the failure ol these Eacilitii 

elop in proportion to the demands of trade have been the sole reason foi hei decadence in 

commercial upremacy. But while the shipping trade ol Philadelphia has 1101 kept pace with 

the times, the growth oi the city iii other lines of industry and trade is a marvelous one and 

furnishes a striking prool ol tin energy and resources ol hei people. The great hues of rail- 

which center in Philadelphia afford direct and rapid communication with all parts of the 

tinent, and the accommodations which are offrred foi freight and passenger traffic alike are 

unsui tssed. These liberal advantages have borne fruit in rec< ears in tin rapid develop- 

meni of Philadelphia as the most important manufacturing centei ol the country, a feature 
which will be considered more in detail in succeeding pages of this work. 

II it- supi ma ovei New Vbrl in commerce and trade which Philadelphia so quickly 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



Gl 




<;•.' 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL P 



^DELPHI A, 



gained was maintained until 1825, when the comple the 1 Cana restored 10 Nev 

York its lost prestige, and that city has since then been the commercial center of the 




PHILADELPHIA IN 

RIA ( HI IK i\ 



I'll 



' ti.n Swede's ('mum 



At the time ol the Revo 
ution Philadelphia was the 
esl and most important col 
city, and 1 his fai t, togei hei w ith 
us ( 1 nvenien< e ol li n ation, m hU 
it tin- cenlei ol government. 
In Philadelphia, the Continental 
Congress met; there Washington 
received his commission: the 
I 1 lit ion of Independence was 
signed, arfd the Constitution ol 
the United States was formu- 
aled. No city in the country 
is richer in historic relics of 
this great period in the nation's 
history. Hei people were in- 
tenseh patriotic and vigorous!} 
opposed to every form of op- 
pression. Long before the tea 
episode in Boston Harbor, they 
had declared their opposition to 
the Stamp Act by no less effect- 
ive though perhaps nol so 
demonstrative action as the New 
England patriots. In the sin- 
ring years that followed the 
people of the city took a must 
distinguished part, and the name 

Philadelphia is closely allied 

Willi the most important incidents 

of the Revolution and the birth 

Cradle of Liberty." 



of the new nation. In fact, she has been most appropriately termed the 

THE CEN PENNIAL CELEBRATION. 

With such a record in history Philadelphia was selected without any hesitation as the site 
of the centennial celebration of the birth of the Republic in [876, a celebration that has 
;ed into history as the grandest exposition of the resources ol civilization that the world has 
ever witnessed. Every nation was represented and people from all lands came to share m the 
demonstration. The Exposition gave to Philadelphia a name and tame nol exceeded by any 
city on earth. Visitors from afar were impressed with the magnificent plan of the city and its 
wonderful resource,, and the people of Philadelphia saw the great possibilities that their cit) 

for an extension of commerce and trade, and the reclaiming of the former commi 
supremacy of Philadelphia was begun. During the last decade the development of Philadel- 
phia's trade has been steady and sure. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



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HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL 



II I LA DELP 



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PIIII.AI>KLPIIIA <>l 



is one of the most flourishing cities oi the continent, 
out by Penn have been added to on the south to the 
havi extended beyond whal were once surburban vil- 

. and the city has crossed the Schuylkill and taken 
in ,i considerable area on the western bank. The 
present area oi the city is about one hundred and 
thirty square miles, nearly one-sixth of which lies west 
nl the Schuylkill. 

For main' years, until Chicago annexed many miles 
nt the broad prairies "I flli s, Philadelphia was the 

st citv in the United States in area, and second 
only t.i London in the extent ol territory within its 
corporate limits, and it was the second city in the 
United States in population. The population oi Phil- 
adelphia, according to the census ol [890, was 1.046.- 
964, and there are about 200,000 people besides whose 
work or interests are in Philadelphia who make then 
homes in neighboring towns. There are over 1.200 
miles of streets, including 765 miles of paved and 
about forty of macadamized roadway. During the last 
rive years a great improvement lias been made in the 
condition of the streets and nearly two hundred miles 
ol new pavement have been laid, the old-fashioned 
cobble-stone pavements being replaced by modern 
pavements of granite blocks, asphalt, and other improved 
materials. There are over fifteen hundred miles of 
sidewalks, of which five-sixths are built of brick. The 
streets are nearly all of generous width and the main 
streets are not less than tittv feet wide. 



T< (-DAY 

The original two square miles first laid 
junction ol the rivers, on the north the\ 



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FOREIGN COMMERCE. 

The foreign commerce of Philadelphia is now greater than it ever was before. Its steady 
increase in recent years and the improvements now being made in the channel of the Dela- 
ware, which have already been referred to, give reason to believe that before many years Phila 
delphia will again lead the commerce of the nation. ' The value of the exports from the port 
of Philadelphia has increased during fifty years from $5,152,500 in 1841, to $36,478,544 in 1890. 
and the value of the imports increased from $10,346,698 in 1841, to $56,057,013 m 1890, 
Vmong tin- causes which have contributed to this steady increase in commerce and which give 
promise ol .1 still greater increase in the future are the admirable railroad facilities ol Phila- 
delphia, which are constantly being improved; and the convenience of shipment, lighterage being 
unnecessary, as the largest vessels ran approach the wharves. Another important factor in the 
growth ol commerce is the steady increase in manufacturing. 

PHILADELPHIA AS \ MANUFACTURING CENTER. 

The most notable and important feature ol the development ol Philadelphia lias been its 
remarkable growth as a manufacturing center. Its growth in this line has been most rapid 
during the last ten years. In that time 11 has outstripped New York and ranks to-day as the 
leading manufacturing city in the United Slates, and in the .world. This position has been 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



6.3 




rjfj 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



^ained bv the numbei and variety of its man - and by their commercial value, ami the 

result shows the boundless possibilities of Philadelphia's growth. The range of manufactures is 
the most compreh ly city in the world. There is scarcely an article numbered among 

the necessities or the luxuries of mankind that is not included in the list of products made in 
Philadelphia. 




Rl is«l> MoNUHKKI 



The iron and steel manufactures of Philadelphia and its immediate \icinity are of 
immense value, and tin- great iron and steel plants located here are unsurpassed in the work'. 
The magnificeni new navy, the pride of the nation, was practically constructed here. The 
quantity of tools manufactured annually reaches an enormous aggregate. In the one item of 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




US 



HISTORICAL AND C< IMME RC1 \ 



llll \ hi. i.i' H I A. 



saws alone Philadelphia leads the world. The manufacture o i .'es has here reached 

its greatest perfection, and the annual production ol loo Philadelphia eeds the I 

product of any Other place on earth. 

Philadelphia has for years been the acknowledged centei of the woolen rade, and 

here are manufactured every variet] ol clothing, which is sold all ovei the United States. 

In the carpet trade Philadelphia stands preeminent and turns out 
over one-hall the carpet product ol the entire com 

Its immense sugar refineries turn out .1 product which is nearly 
the most valuable in the world. The mammoth breweries are among 
the finest in the country and their aggregate product is exceeded by only 
one or two other cities. 

In almost innumerable lines of manufacture — in confectionery, in 
chemicals, in medical and surgical instruments, and in countless prod- 
ucts that enter largely into commerce and trade Philadelphia occu- 
pies a position among the leaders. There is one feature of hei manu- 
factures which is deserving special notice, and that is in all her 
manufactures — whethei great or small — the quality of the Philadelphia 
products is unsurpassed and goods of Philadelphia make have a world- 
wide reputation for reliability. 




\t!M^ 






LHjii^ 




WEALTH AND POPULA1 ION. 



The city planted by Penn had a population of six hundred in 1683. 
In the year 1700 this had grown to five thousand. The Philadelphia 

of the Revolution had in 1770, at the date ol the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, a population of forty thousand souls. At the beginning 
of the present century the population was over eighty thousand, and 
before i860 it had passed the half million mark. Estimated on the basis of the census of 1890 
its present population is in excess of one million one hundred thousand people. 

The growth of the city's wealth has kept pace wirti the increase ol population. The 
ass ssed value of the taxable property of the city has grown from 5153,369.048 in 1856 to 
:s7 13.902,842 in 1891. The annual revenue and expenses of the municipal administration have 
increased from between five and six millions, in 1856, to the neighborhood of twenty-five mill- 
ions, in 1891. 



W.V 



SUPPLY AND SEWERAGE. 



In the development of a city its water supply and its system of sewerage are factors of 
prune importance, exercising an immense influence on the question of health and making the 
city either desirable 01 not as a place of residence. In both these elements the citj ol Phila- 
delphia is particularl) favored. The question of a water supply adequate to the growing needs 
of the city earl) engaged attention, and Philadelphia was the first of the large cities of the 

itry to provide itself with an adequate system "I water-works. The Schuylkill was taken 
as the source "I supply and the original works at Fairmount were the marvel ol the day. 
They still form a part of the water works system which has been developed with the growth of 
the city. Ti portion of the suppl) is still taken from the Schuylkill, but a part is now 

drawn from the Delaware at Lardner's Point. There are ten reservoirs, including one now 

g completed, with a total storage capacity ol mote than one billion gallons. The average 
daily consumption is 132 gallons per capita of population. 

The system ol drainage has been vastly impro ed during the last lew years, and as now 

ed Philadelphia will soon be the best sewered city in the United States. Since 1854 

nearly four hundred miles of sewers ha been built at a cost of nearly ten million dollars, and 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 















■**" 






; 1 T* n.};fe^[i| 





r W 



.,; 



IVTDENT LIFE AND TnrST Co.'S BUILDING 



,11 



HISTORICAL AM) COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



there are now ab n hundred and thirty-five miles of sewers, ol which eighty are mam 

sewn-, some "i which are 20 feel in diameter, 01 big enough Lo drive a horse and can 

tnd three hundred and fifty-five miles ol branch sewers, which form pan ol a com- 
ic plan that will in time afford in ugh drainage 1 1 the entire < 

[■( ILICE \\H I IRE Dl P \k IMK\ rs. 

In these two important features ol municipal administration, Philadelphia is well favored and 
the systems for the preservation ol order and the protection ol property arc not surpassed i>\ 
any city in tl ntry. 

1 is essentially 
.1 law abiding 1 ity, and her 
pepple are most admirably 
protected from any outward 
annoyance. The police force, 
ch ' insists 1 il nearly two 

tl sand men, 1- next to the 

largest in the country and 
is under perfect discipline. 
The entire city is under po- 
lite protectii n and a mounted 
fi iii ■ patn ils I i e suburban dis- 
trii : - 

1 he fact that for many 
years Philadelphia has suf- 
fered no devastating confla- 
gration is largelj due lo the 
effii iem y of its fire-depart- 
ment. There are now over 
five hundred men in the de- 





i 



partment, and all the apparatus is of the latest and 
st appri ittern. 

PARKS AND PL! \M RE-GROUNDS. 

One of the most notable features ol Phila- 
delphia is its admirable system of parks and pleasure-grounds. The laying out of many 
of these beautiful breathing-spots was included in Penn's original plan of the city, for his ob- 
servation had taughl him how important a system of public pleasure i and breathing- 
places were to the healthy development of a city. The idea thus planted by I'enn in the 
minds of the early col has borne fruit in one of the finest public park systems in the 
world. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



ri 




1 



72 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



Fairmount Park is unquestionably the most beautiful pleasure-ground in the United States 
and one ol the finesl in the world, [ts inception was the result of the establishing of the water- 
works system in 1811. The water-works were located at Morris Hill, otherwise known as Fair- 
mount, where the city had purchased five acres of land. Crowds ol people went out to view the 
water-works, and the place became so frequented that the authorities were impressed with the 
advantages afforded for making- a public pleasure-ground and the Fairmount Gardens were laid out 
and opened to the public in 1825. From that time on the development of the park has continued 
purchase and by gift of additional land, until now il includes a territory of more than 
twenty-eight hundred acres, or over three limes the area of Central Park. New York. Under the 
direction of the Philadelphia Park Commission this magnificent park has been admirably laid out 
in drives, footwalks and bridle-paths, and its natural beauty has been enhanced by Hie 
planting of trees, shrubs and flowers. 

'The "Fairmount Park Art Association," an organization composed ol a number of public- 
spirited citizens, has also contributed largely to enhancing the beauty of the Park by placing 
many handsome and appropriate groups, statuary, etc. Fairmount Park furnished an adequate 
and an appropriate site for the great Centennial Exposition of 1876. 

lie-ides Fairmount, Philadelphia has fifteen smaller parks in different pans of the C'.cy, which 
bring the total park area to over three thousand acres. 



The first bank in 
tinaneiri of the Rev- 
known as the Hank 
continues in existence 
ginning Philadel] ihia 
sition as a prominent 
to-day one of the 
ters of the country. 
half a century, until 
country and the estal 1 
banking system resuh- 
banking interests to 
ness of different sec- 
Philadelphia ruled the 
In 1791, Alexander 
in Philadelphia the 
United States. 

Here also was 

Bank of the United 

of thirty-live million 

lenl A n d r e w 

orable Ci mtri ivelsv that 

and political hi 
building erei ted for 
the 1 nited Stal 5, in 
Third Street, bi 
occupied by the Girard 
forty-nine banks <! 
phia, with an aggregate 
nearly forty million dollars. 



FINANCE AND BANKING. 
Vmerica was established in Philadelphia, in 1781, 




'. ' I I' .'. \ .1 I '111 \l I 



by Robert Morris, the 
blution. This bank, 
of North A m eric a, 
to-day. Prom the be- 
has maintained its po- 
financial center, and is 
leading financial cen- 
In fact for more than 
the growth of the 
lisning of the national 
ed in the increase of 
accommodate the busi- 
tions of the country, 
finance of the nation. 
Hamilton established 
first Hank of the 

located the second 
States, with a capital 
dull. us. with which 
[ackson had the mem- 
is part of the financial 
ol the nation. The 
the original Bank of 
1791. still stands on 
( Ihestnut, and is now 
Bank. There are now 
business in Philadel- 
working capital of 



The surplus of nine of these banks is m e\ress ol their capital, a condition which is 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



73 




74 HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

.1 conclusive prool ol the sound and conservative methods which chat i I i the banking system 

of Philadelphia. Many ol these hanks have had a long and honorable financial i n i The 
present national banking system had its birth in Philadelphia, the pioneei ol the system being 
the First \ ttional Bank, chartered on January 10, 1863. 

flu record ol the Philadelphia Clearing House shows an increase ol over one hundred pet 
in the volume ol business, during the twentj years from 1S70 to [890. The figures for 
the funnel year were $1,803,941,184, and the latter year $3, 710,248,015. 

!'... id phia is also the gn it centei ol the system ol Building and Loan Associations, which 
have here reached a higher development and a greatet financial strength than in any othei city 
in the country. 

Philadelphia has over fift\ trust companies which form an important pan of the financial 
system, and do a large and flourishing business, besides a number of private banking houses, 
son* ol which have a world-wide reputation. 

TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES. 

The admirable transportation facilities which Philadelphia enjoys have ever been an impor- 
tant factor in the development of the city as a commercial and manufacturing center. I 
natural advantages of water transportation, which formed such a feature of her early prosperity, 
have alreach been referred to. 

\ less important in the development of the commerce of to-day is the great network of 
railroads of which Philadelphia is the center, and which with their various connections, put the 
citv in close communication with every part of the country. During the present year these 
facilities are being extended and improved on a plan which will give the people ol Philadel- 
phia advantages for the transportation of passengers and freight that are not surpassed in the 
world. Among the features of this plan are the new terminal station of the Reading Railroad. 
at Twelfth and Market Streets, the extension of the great station of the Pennsylvania Railroad at 
Broad and Markel Streets, the construction of a Belt Line that will give adequate facilities to all 
lines desiring to enter the city, the development of a comprehensive system of elevated roadsi 
and the extension of the trolley and cable systems. 

One of the most important of these is the extension of the Reading Railroad to the heart 
of the city and its magnificent new station at the corner of Twelfth and Market Streets. This 
work, undertaken and carried out at an immense outlay ol money, will not only benefit the 
railroad but the city as well. It affords a direct system ..I rapid transit that brings into 
communication with the city a large and populous territory, and it has already effected an 
enormous increase in real estate values. The new station is a massive structure -I architec- 
tural beauty. The main building is eight sloiies high with a frontage "I 'I'd I'll on Market 
.mil .1 depth of i oo feet. The sheds extend from the main building back to Arch 
et. The first four stories are of pink granite and the uppei stones are ol lighi brick and 
The main entrance is on a level with the street and on the first floor are the 
office, baggage-rooms and a spacious lobby for passengers. The general waiting-room, 
100 \ 75 feet, is on the second floor, and .11 the Market Street front is a balcony overlooking 
the street. At on,- side of the main waiting-room is a ladtes'-room, \\ \ 56 feet, and at the 
othei ide ire the dining-room and restaurant. In every appointment, the comfort and con- 
venience of passengers lias been canfulK studied, and no expense lias b 1 spared to make 
this Mir finest railroad station in existence. The basement ol the main building is arranged for 
st. res, and under the train sheds in the rear is the new Markel (Ions,-. 

During the year ending June 30, 1891, the number ol passengers Carried in and out of 
Philadelphia by the various lines ol railro.nl entering the cit) was nearly seventy-five millions, or 
.1 daily average ol 111 in than two hundred thousand. During the same year the amount of 

ht hauled in a ul ol the city reached the enormous ,,f over seventy million 

tl 'lis. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. "•> 

ARCHITECTURAL BEAUTY OF THE CITY- 

In the architectural beauty of its public and private buildings Philadelphia is not ex- 
ceeded bv any citv in the land. Her publi ' -inklings, from the venerable structures of historic 
associations to the palatial edifices of modern construction, represent the highest architectural skill 
of their day. The great business structures are typical of the solidity of the commercial houses 
which they shelter, and the residence districts are filled with those handsome structures that 
make Philadelphia a city of beautiful homes 

THE NEW CITY HALL. 

Foremost among the great architectural structures of the city is the new City Hall, which has 
the distinction of being the largest building in the United States, not even excepting the 
Capitol at Washington. This magnificent struciur • is located in Penn Square on Broad 
and Market Streets. It covers an area of nearly four and one-half acres exclusive of 
a courtyard in the center two hundred feet square. The north and south fronts are each 470 
feet long and the east and west fronts have each a length of 486 feet. Altogether the building 
has over seven hundred and fifty rooms. The crowning feature of the building is the grand 
tower which rises from the north side of the central courtyard to a height of nearly five 
hundred and fifty feet, making it the highest and most massive tower in the world. The 
summit of this tower will be crowned with a statue of William Penn, thirty-seven feet high. 

The first stone of the foundation was laid on the 12th of August, 1872, the corner stone 
was laid with Masonic ceremonies on the Fourth of July, 1874, and the last block of marble in 
the lower was set in place on May 7, 1887. 

The style of architecture is the French renaissance and the whole exterior is bold and 
effective in detail and rich in outline. The cost of the building has thus far been in excess 
of twenty million dollars. 

GIRARD COLLEGE. 

From its earliest history Philadelphia has been an important center of learning and is to-day 
the seat of many prominent institutions. One of the most famous of these is Girard College, 
which was founded over sixty years ago by Stephen Girard. A sailor in his early life, he first 
-came to Philadelphia as captain of a trading ship. Later on he settled in Philadelphia and 
became the most successful merchant of his day, being at the time of his death in 1S31, 
one of the richest men in the country. By his will all his vast property, with the exception of a 
lew personal bequests, was left to the city. The various charitable institutions of the city were 
remembered, and he made large be ;''csts for the improvement of the river front, for the reduc- 
tion of taxes, and to increase the efficiency of the police system. But his most important 
bequest was two million dollars to establ'jh a college for the education of orphan boys. The 
institution was to be open to white males between the ages of six and ten years who were to 
be supported and educated until they reached the age of sixteen years and then apprenticed to 
some good trade or useful employment. 

He designated the site on Ridge Avenue, There on a tract of forty-five acres on Ridge 
Avenue. Nineteenth Street and Girard Avenue, the citv erected the college which stands to-day 
a monument to the philanthropy of Stephen Girard. On July 4, 1833. the corner stone was laid, 
the buildings were completed in 1847, anc ' on January 1, 1S4S, the institution was opened. 
The grounds are surrounded bv a wall 10 feet high, and one of the explicit conditions of the 
bequest was that no "ecclesiastic, missionary or minister " should ever hold any office in the 
college or should ever be admitted within its walls, even as a visitor. 

The college buildings are magnificent specimens of architecture. The main building is of 
marble, in the form of a Greek temple in the Corinthian style. It is surrounded by colonnades 



76 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA 



which comprise thirty-six massive marble columns, 6 feel in diameter and 55 feet high. The 
structure has a length of 21S feet and a width of 160 feet and a height ol 90 feet. It has 
three stories, each divided into four rooms with vestibules, and is surmounted by a roof of mass- 
ive mat hie tiles. The remains of the founder rest in tile lower vestibule, beneath a ma 
statue. Four other buildings, also "I marble and each 52 feet wide by 125 feet long, were 
built at the same time, and others have sine been added until now the college has accoi 
■elation for more than thirteen hundred boys. 

The property left bj Mi. Girard 
has increased in value, until now 
it is north more than fifty millions. 



UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYL- 
VANIA. 

\i the corner of Thirty-fourth 
and Pine Streets stands the 1 
versity of Pennsylvania, the most 
extensive educational institution in 
the State. It was first chartered 
in 1753, as the "Academy and 
Charitable School of the Province 
of Pennsylvania." Two rears later 
its name was changed to " The 
College and Academy of Phila- 
delphia." 

The University of Pennsylva- 
nia was incorporated in 1779, and 
the college and university were 
united in 1791. The Universit; 
embraces all departments of hi 
education and professional sch 
Its medical school, established in 
1764, is the oldest in the country. 




' 5 " 
View from Chamounix Drive. 



ACADEMY OF NATURAL SCIENCES, 

The Academy of Natural Sciences, at the corner of Nineteenth and Race Streets, is the 
oldest institution in America devoted to the natural sciences, and it still retains precedence by 
virtu. wealth of specimens, its collections in several important departments being the 

must complete in the world. This institution was incorporated in 181 7. 

OTHER EDUCATIONAL [NSTITUTIONS. 

In its wealth of educational institutions, both public and private, Philadelphia is not sur- 
passed by any city in the land. These embrace an admirable public school system and 
numerous academies and higher institutions of learning, together with many valuable institutions 
ducation of th unfortunate and the helpless. 



NEWSPAPERS \\l> LITERATURE. 

\- already stated a printing-office was established in Philadelphia soon after the city was 

led, and ever since then the city has occupied a prominent place as a literary center and 

also m the printing trade. The first type foundry in America was established in Germantown, 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 77 

then a suburb of Philadelphia, in 1735, and the first Bible printed in America was published 
here in 1743. 

To-day the city has a number of excellent and enterprising newspapers of national reputa- 
tion, and is the home of the great penny papers. One of the characteristic features of the 
Philadelphia papers is the absence of sensational features. They are essentially newspapers for the 
home, and as such are not surpassed by those of any city in the country. There are also- 
several magazines and other publications of a high literary standard issued from Philadelphia 
offices. 



THE FUTURE OF PHILADELPHIA. 

With its commanding situation and the indomitable energy of the people the future of 
Philadelphia is one of glorious promise. Its commerce, its resources and its facilities for trade 
were never greater or better than they are to-day, and the spirit of the people was never more 
progressive. New industries are springing up on every side and old-established ones are being 
enlarged and extended to meet the fast growing requirements of trade. 

The commerce of Philadelphia reaches to the uttermost parts of the earth. Her ocean 
trade is again fast approaching that of New York, and the completion of the improvements now 
under way in the Delaware will leave the city with facilities for affording wharfage to large 
vessels that will make this the most convenient shipping port in the country. Her coastwise 
trade, large and important to-day, is steadily growing in magnitude, and the fleets of magnificent 
steam and sailing vessels which ply from Philadelphia north and south along the coast and to 
the West Indies and adjacent islands, receive new accessions every year. More than all, the 
splendid fleet of armed and armored vessels, the new navy of the United States, the pride and 
the glorv of the nation, carries to all climes and seas under the stars and stripes, a magnificent 
and glorious testimony of the commercial prestige of Philadelphia. For the world will recog- 
nize that the city where those splendid ships were built is one of the commanding seaports of 
a great maritime province. 

In her domestic trade Philadelphia enjoys a prestige well earned and well maintained. 
Her salesmen cover the entire country and cross the borders to Canada on the north and 
to Mexico and the Central and South American States to the south. Philadelphia-made cloth- 
ing is worn by the people of every State in the LFnion. Philadelphia carpets are found in the 
homes of rich and poor all over the land,- and goods of Philadelphia manufacture, infinite in 
variety and sterling in quality, are accepted all over the country as the product of experienced 
and honest workmanship. 

The railroads which make Philadelphia one of the great railroad centers of the country 
extend their arms of steel in every direction, bringing to the city all the products of the land 
and taking out in exchange an infinite variety of manufactures. 

In the great marts of commerce which minister particularly to the home trade the observer 
finds massive and eloquent monuments to the prosperity, the comfort and the good taste of the 
people. These massive buildings which shelter the retail trade of the city are the direct out- 
growth of the increasing demands of the great home trade of the people of the city. 

New buildings going up on every side, massive and magnificent triumphs of architectural 
skill in the business center, residences, beautiful and inviting, in the outlying districts, prove the 
prosperity and the healthful growth of Philadelphia. The great churches whose tapering spires rise 
heavenward, the school-houses equipped with everv modern improvement for the healthful education 
of the young, tell of the religious and intelligent character of the people. Palatial club houses 
and spacious temples of amusement tell of their social nature. The splendor and magnificence 
of the public buildings are evidence of the public spirit which is such an important element of 
the permanent growth of a great city. 



78 HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

With her growing commerce and her immense manufacturing and industrial interests, Philadel- 
phia is more than all else .1 city of homes, and no city in the world affords within iis corpo 
rate limits such splendid inducements for residence and business alike. With the completion ol 
the comprehensive system of rapid transit already undei way, the outlying districts will be put 
in close and direct communication with the business center, and the city will afford facilities of 
transportation that are unrivaled in their way. These improvements have alread) given 1 won 
derful impetus tn real estate, and this is the surest tesi ol a city's real growth. The facilities 
which have been tfforded to people of moderate means to build and own theii own homes 
through the medium of the Building and Loan Associations and kindred organizations have 
greatly aided in building up the city, and Philadelphia has a larger proportion ol househi 
than any of the other great cities of the land. This is one ol her proudest distinctions and 
the most staple' feature oi hei growth. 

With a record of more than two centuries ol steady progress which are pari oi the history 
of the nation. Philadelphia closes the first decade of the third century ol her existence with a 
record that tills the future with a glorious promise. So great is her capacity foi furthei 
development that the grandest dreams and most glowing pictures are likely to fall In shorl <l 
the reality. The spirit oi hei founders is alive to-day in her people. They are earnest, enei 
getic, self-reliant and hones;. Those who come from abroad to make theii fortunes here are 
like the early colonists, who were attracted to Penn's province, men of sterling charactei who 
form useful and valued members ol the community. 

No barriers ol nature hinder the growth ol the city. 'The site so well chosen l>\ Penn 
will suffice for the needs ol millions yet to come. 'The cit\ so grandly planned by the 
Quaker proprietor ol colonial days was founded on an enduring basis and was planned not 
for the narrow needs of a day or a generation but to meet the growth ol ages, and ii will 
perpetuate the memory of its founder through countless generations yet to come. 

'The men of the present who by their industry and energy are aiding to develop the greal 
resources of Philadelphia, are engaged in making a history that in its relations to the future is 
not less important than the glorious record of the two centuries that have passed. On their 
talent, their energy and their faithfulness the future of the city rests. Theii records show thai 
there is no danger of the great trust being abused. 'The future of Philadelphia is secure in 
the hands of her merchants and mechanics, her artisans and tradesmen, her manufacturers and 
financiers, and the great army of intelligent business men who direct her commercial affairs. 

'The succeeding pages of this work is a record of the men of to-day and the great entet 
piises which they control. ft is a record of energy well directed and of industry and integrity 
rewarded. 



REPRESENTATIVE 



BUSINESS HOUSES OF PHILADELPHIA. 



Wk7\ r • r;-r 




HE SECOND NATIONAL BANK OF PHILADELPHIA, at Frankford.— This city has long been pre- 
eminent as a financial center, and all the indictions are that she is bound to maintain supremacy in 
this respect. Solidity and stability of our fiscal and fiduciary institutions are justly a source of pride 
tn Philadelphians. And while on the subject under review, it is a pleasure to direct attention to the 
stanch and substantial Second National Bank of Philadelphia, at Frankford, which occupies a 
niche in public esteem and favor accorded to nunc other in this 
section. It is one of the soundest and most ably managed corpo- 
rations of the kind in the city, and its popularity anil prosperity 
are certain to endure and increase. The "Second National" was 
organized and commenced business in 1S64. and its history during 
the twenty-eight years since intervening, has been an unbroken 
record of progress. The secret of its success is not far to seek, 
however, for the bank has always been conducted on sound and 
conservative business principles, and its management character- 
ized by sagacity, energy and ability, coupled with the strictest 
integrity. The capital stock of the institution is $280,000; it 
lias a surplus of $135,000, and undivided profits amounting to 
$35,932.68, and the deposits reach the handsome sum of over 
si, 400,(100. The investments and connections of the hank. to... 
are of a most desirable character, the business affords evidence of 
steady and material increase, and, altogether, the affairs of the 
" Second National." are in condition highly gratifying alike to its 
officers, stockholders and clients. The bank building is an im- 
posing structure, and the offices are commodious and elegantly 
appointed. There is a well-equipped safe deposit department in 
connection, also, and private rooms, and an efficient staff is em- 
ployed, everything here bespeaking order and excellent manage- 
ment. The Bank of the Republic, Philadelphia, and the First 
National Bank, New York, are its correspondents. A general 
banking business is transacted, including discounts, loans and 

deposits, and accounts ate opened with banks, bankers, merchants, manufacturers, etc., on the most favorable 
terms. Collections are made on all points at lowest rates, and telegraphic transfers are made also on any city in 
the United States. Foreign and domestic exchange is bought and sold, drafts arc issued on Great Britain. Ireland, 
ami countries of Continental Europe, while letters of credit, etc., available anywhere, arc sold. In short, all classes 
of business comprehended in legitimate banking operations, are engaged in by this institution, and clients are 
assured of liberal and honorable treatment in every instance. Mr. B. Rowland, who has been president of the 
Second National since LS77, and a director of the same from its inception, is one of Frankford's leading business 
men and most respected citizens, and Mr. Charles W. Lee, who prior to becoming cashier, in 1889, had held a respon- 
sible position in the bank since its organization, is accounted one of the most able and trustworthy financiers in the 
community. The board of directors, than which a more representative body of citizens it would be difficult to find. 
'is composed ot Messrs. Benjamin Rowland, George \V. Rhawn, .John H. Webster. Watson Bavington. William Bault, 
David C Nimlet. Am OS < '. Shallcross. Jos. L. Kinkerler. Sam'l. W. Evans, Jr. 




so 



HISTORICAL AND COMMURCIA 



III L ADELP HI A, 





lull. 



KN.i \MIN \V. GREER, Bellevue Worsted Mills, Wister Station, Gi imantown.— In the "real Philadel- 
phia industry of cloth manufacturing ;i decided success has been achieved by Mr. Benjamin W. Greer, 
proprietor of the Bellevue Worsted Mills, located al Wister Station, Germantown. Mr Greer began 
business three years ago, and has since then built up a splendid trade throughout the United States and 
won a reputation for his goods of a high character 1 1 1: 1 1 any manufacturer might take pride in. Il<' 
i" j in business at Ins present address, where he has a finely-equipped plant, and grounds six acres in extent. The 
works proper are comprised in a four-story building, 150 x 200 feet in dimensions, and ii is fitted with ISO looms. 
.1 150 horse power engine and .ill required machinery and appliances. Employment is ion ml for 200 experienced 
operatives in the various departments. Their operations are carefully supervised by competent foremen, w bile the 
proprietor personally directs all the affairs of the establishment. Mr. Greer manufactures cotton and worsted 
cloth Tor the clothing trade, turning out new and handsome designs continually, and his goods are unexcelled for 

finish, quality and uniform excellence. His trade extends to .111 parts of the c itry, and those who enter into 

business relations with him are sure to receive decided advantages. 

j..\\svi,VAMA STEEL COMPANY, Luther S. Bent, President ; Edmund V Smith. Secretarj and Treas 
ii it i : Office, No. 208 South Fourth Street.— The Pennsylvania Steel Companj has achieved an interna- 
tional reputation for the superiority of its product, which includes steel rails, ami steel in hats, sheets 
inn! strips, and also frogs, switches, slabs ami billets. This corporation is one of the wealthiest, best- 
equipped and most perfectly organized in the steel industry of the country, and its works at Steel- 
the largest of their kind in the State and give employment to .'..nun hands. The main offices of the 
eompanj are located at No. 208 South Fourth Street. The present vast industry dates its inception back to 1865, 
when the Pennsylvania Steel Company was incorporated, with a capital stork of $200,000, which has since been 
increased to $5,000,000, and the present officers and directors arc as follows, viz.: President, Luther S. Bent; 
vice-president, Eben I'. Barker; secretary and treasurer. Edmund N. Smith; directors, Luther S. Bent, Edmund 
Smith. II. II. Houston. William M. Spackman, Kbcn !•'. Barker, Wayne MacVeagh and Charlemagne Tower. The 
plant of the companj at Steelton covers an area of 150 acres, ami the works are thoroughly organized ami are 
models of their kind. The buildings are roomy and substantial, the equipment is thorough!} modern and of the 
greatest capacity. Numerous actual tests of the sled rails of this company in comparison with those of othei 
makers of foreign countries and of the United states, upon some of the trunk lines, have demonstrated the supe- 
rior wearing qualities of the " P. S. Co." rails, and, with their long experience in the manufacture of steel rails, 
this company have no hesitancj in assuring their patrons that their first quality of rails shall be unexcelled. 
Their " T " rails will be found to embrace the very latest productions of engineering skill in approved shapes and 
to present good wearing surface with due regard to a proper distribution oi the metal and conforming to the 
improved rail fastenings. Their rails an- used preferentially by the Pennsylvania, the Philadelphia & Erie, the 
Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore, the Haiti more & Ohio, the Boston A Lowell, the Philadelphia <S Heading, the 
Northern Central, the New Fork, Ontario & Western, the New York, West Shore iS Buffalo, the Troj & Greenfield, 
the Boston, Hoosac Tunnel & Western: the Cumberland <fi Pennsylvania, and various other railroads throughout the 
United States, Their switches are also used extensively all over the country, as are likewise their frogs, switch 
stands and crossing frogs. The attention of railway managers is especially din cted to t heir verj complete system <>f 
interlocking switch and signal apparatus for operating signals and switches al junctions, terminals, crossings, draw- 
bridges, etc., which thej are prepared to furnish at moderate prices, under fullest guarantees, both as to successful 
operation and protection from demands on account of patents. Tins companj arc now producing 300.000 tons of steel 
rails per year, as well as vast quantities of other steel specialties, while no labor strike has ever occurred al their 
w oi ks. and in view of the liberalitj oi the management, it is sate to predict that none will ever take place ami that 
the continued success ami permanent prosperity of this great enterprise is well assured. Its executive officers are 
gentlemen of the highest repute in commercial and financial circles, oi large experience and commanding ability, 
whose standing in the business world is such as to place them far beyond the requirements oi anj praise which 
i bese pages could bestow 

|UIIN DORFNER, Steam Dyeing and Scouring Establishment, No. 510 Race Street. Woi ks. No. 515Cresson 
Street. -There is certainly no place of the kind in Philadelphia where a better class oi work is done 
than the dyciim ami scourinp establishment of John Dorfner, at No. 516 Race Street. The works. 
which arc at No. 515 < Tesson SI reel, are perfectly equipped lor the purposes in tern led. ami a number of 
expert hands are employed, the facilities here arc first-rlass in all respects, and ladies' and gentle 
men's clothing are cleaned and dyed in accordance with the most approved process, without the slightest injury to 
woof or warp. The most delicate fabrics are thoroughly cleansed and colored in the most superior manner, and at 
short notice, and goods are called foi and delivered at any part of the city free of extra charge. The prices pre 
vailing here, too, are extremely moderate, while the utmost satisfaction is assured in everj instance, all work done 

being full} warranted, and all orders receive immediate attention. Mr. Dorfner is a man of about forty and a 

native of Bavaria, where he learned his art. lie is a thoroughly skillful dyer, of over a quarter of a century's ex peri 
ence, and is an expert in his line. He started in business in ihis block thirteen years ago, and from the first has 
enjoyed an excellent patronage, his trade steadily growing. 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



S1 




JISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY, Nos. 3941-13-45 Market Street— The largest bookmaking 
plant in the United States is that owned and operated in this citj bj the Historical Publishing Com- 
pany, at Nos. 3941-43—15 Market Street. This is the most extensive concern in the country conducted 
by private individuals, the only one larger than it being the binding and bookmaking department "i 
the United states Pi-inting Department at Washington, 1). C. The business was founded upon a small 
31 ale, in 1886, at No. 120 North Seventh Street, by the present proprietors ami officers of tlie company, II. S. Smith, 
president; Chas. 1!. Gi-aham, secretary. After staying at that address six mouths they removed to the corner of 
sixth ami Arch Streets, and a year ago they took possession of their present mammoth quarters. Here they 
occupya building having seven floors, a cellar and subcellar, the whole affording a fioorage area of 110,000 square 
feet. The basement is devoted to press work, electroplating, etc.: first floor, pressroom for book and show work. 
in the rear of the bookkeepers' ofhees. etc.; second floor, compositors' looms; third floor, lithographers, designers, 







engravers, and printing appliances. The remaining floors of the building are given up to bookmaking in all its 
branches, from the folding of the printed pages to the final pressing off of the volume, and making the parking 
boxes and shipping the goods. Thecompany publish books in many different languages, but mostly in the English, 
German, Spanish and Swedish, ami they can turn out 5,000 volumes a day. Their trade extends to all parts of the 
world. Among the notable successes of books published by the house are Talmage's " Life of Christ.'* entitled 
•• From the Manger to the Throne," " Footprints of the World's History." " Story of the Wild West," " The I.i\ ing 
World." "The New Beautiful Story." "Sea ami Land." " Heroes of the Dark Continent." "Russia and Siberia." 
" Savage World," " The World's Wonders," " Heroes of the FTains," "Sunlight and shadow of America's Greal 
cities." " Health, Wealth and Happiness," " Memorial Volumi to Jefferson Davis." " History of the French Rev- 
olution," "Path to Wealth." "Our Father's House.'' "Christ in the Camp." "Columbus and Columbia," etc., 
etc Descriptive circulars are sent free on application. Mr. Smith is a native of Chester County, Pa., Mr. Graham 
of Kansas. Both are imbued with unlimited pluck, energy and enterprise, and the phenomenal success tiny have 
won in the publishing world is one in which they may justly take pride. 



>: 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




Ill I. STM. I RAMP & SONS SHU' WD ENGINE BUILDING COMPANY, Beach and Ball Streets.— 
The name of Cramp will ■ . sso< iated w ith the construction of the strongest, most efficient and 
serviceable irm and merchant vessels, the largest and fastest steamships and the handsomest steam 
- that plough the waters of the Atlantic. The late w illiam i ramp i ontributed more to the per- 
fect development of the modern cruiser and pleasure steamer than any other builder or designei in 
tin' United States, and leaves as an invalua- 
ble heritage to bis sons the great reputa 
t i . > 1 1 and the fruits of the success thus 
achieved. He established himself as a 
shipbuilder here in 1830, with a capital 
saved from his earnings ;is a journeyman 
ship carpenter, ami won a prominent suc- 
cess from the start. To natural inventive 
genius he joined marked mechanical skill 
and soundest judgment, and was always on 
the alert to introduce improvements in 
models, style of construction and upper 
works. \- a result his business grew in 
volume and importance, necessitating en- 
larged facilities to meet the demands of 
patrons, which were ablj provided, and in 
1S72 the Win. Cramp & Sons Ship and 
Engine Building Company was duly incor- 
porated with a capital ot 5500, the 

present capital being $5,000,000. The com 
pany as at present organized comprises the 
names of ten descendants of the honored 
founder, the executive officers being as 
follows, viz.: Chas. II. Cramp, president; 
11. W. Cramp, secretary and treasurer; 
Edwin S. Cramp, superintendent and engi- 
: Lewis Nixon, naval architect. Tbej 
have the finest manufacturing plant oi the 
kind in the country, where are the most 
perfect facilities for the manufacture of 
steam-engines, steam pumps, and all the 
structural work for the largest war and naval Cramp, President of the W. C. & S. S. & E i 

vessels. The main works have a frontage of 1,000 x 7««i feet on the Delaware Kiver, which to ether with the 
adjacent Port Richmond Iron Works, recentlj purchased ol the 1. 1'. Morris < ompany, make this one ol the largest 
shipbuilding yards in the world. The company also has a marine railway ami one of the largest dry docks 
in the country, located at the foot of I 'aimer Street, ha vim; a basin that permits the en t ran.,- ol vessels 150 I ret long 

and a draft of twenty feet, with centrifugal pumps capable ol discharging 120,000 gallons per minute and 
emptying the basin in forty-five minutes. Over 3,600 hands are her.' employed, including 300 shipwrights, 500 
i iveters, ■'■<»> joiners, mi riggers, I"'" machinists, Tim blacksmiths and helpers and general iron w orkers, 85 draughts- 
men, and 33 clerks, while th.- pay loll averages over $36,000 per week. The company lias recently built the follow- 
ing wai vessels, to wit: the I'. S. S. " Baltimore," the 1 i -- "Yorktown," the U. S. S. " Vesuvius," the U.S. 
s. "Philadelphia," ami the U. S. S. 'Newark": also tin- following merchant vessels, to wit: tie' ".Monmouth." 
for the Centra] Railroad ol New Jersey; the " Iroquois," for W. P. Clyde & Co.; the "El Mar." for the Southern 
Development Co.; the " Caracas," tor Atlantic and Caribbean Steam Navigation Co; the " Venezuela," for New 
York and Venezuela; tie- " Henrj M. Whitney." for the Metropolitan S. S. Co.; the " Essex," for Merchants' and 
Miners' Transportation Co.; the " Algonquin," for Win. P. Clyde & Co. ; the " El Sol," for the Pacific Improvement 
Co.; and is now building the following vessels for the I. S. Navy, viz.: the armored cruiser U. S. S. " Nj w Fork," 
the battleship U. S. S. " Indiana," the hat tie ship I . S. S. " Massachusetts," " Cruiser No. 12," [the U. S. s . "Colum- 
bia,") and "Cruiser No. 13," the triple screw cruisers. The Cramps also built the "Cetus^" " Perseus," "Pegasus" 
and " Taurus," all iron steamers, running between New York and • lonej Island ; the " Mariposa " and " Alameda," 

running between San I'r tisco and Sydney, Australia; the " Kinau " for the Wilder Steamship Co., ol Honolulu: 

the "Sun Pablo" and San Pedro," foi the Pacific trade between San Francisco and Panama; tin steam yacht 

"Corsair." for Chas. -I. Osborn; the "Stranger," t sg I, ol New Fork; the steam yacht " Atalanta," for 

Jay Gould: and such well-known steamships as the "Ohio," "Indiana," "Illinois." and "Pennsylvania." tor 
ih American Steamship Co. The demand for their skill and genius as shipbuilders comes from all over the 
two Vmericas, ami the same is met with unexampled promptness and brilliant success. Apart from steamer ami 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



S3 



•a 




84 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



vessel work, iliis company has au established reputation for producing the strongest and most serviceable sti am- 

engines on the market, which can be secured he i all sizes and al short ii"i ici-. The Messrs. Cramp are all 

expert and practical shipbuilders, having Keen brought up in the industry, and are also prominent in financial 
and commercial circles, well equipped and perfectly pr | ared to maintain to their honored liouse its signal reputa- 
tion and unequalled facilities For the production " the best ships afloat. 




H. CRAMP ifi • '»>.. Brass Founders, Manufacturers of American Manganese Bronze, Fork and Thomp- 
son Streets. — The most recent addition t" the plant ol the VVm. Cramp & Sons Ship and l 
Building Company is the brass and bronze Foundry of Messrs. B. EL Cramp & Co., which is known 
1 and honored as the largest industrial establishment of its kind in the United States and which is eli- 
gibly located at Fork and Thompson Streets. This extensive business was founded in 1885, by 
Messrs. B. EI. and EL Cramp, the present style being adopted in IS8S. Thr works comprise sevi ral two and three- 

mildings, and a foundry wliicb covers a ground area oi ^; x 137 feet, all splendidly equipped with n. 
marl 1 1 may and appliances, including fifty-two crucible Furnaces, which \n ill null 25,0 pounds ,'i Mass m two and 
one-half hours, three times per daj il required, thus giving a daily capacity of 75,00 > pouuds, Tin- foundry is sup- 
plied uiili one 15-ton jib crane, one 10-ton ami t \\ < > 11 tun jil. cranes, and one 1' ami one 3-ton traveling crane. 
\s brass founders the firm of B. EL Cramp & Co. have executed man; very important contracts on government 

work for the Win. Cramp & Sons Ship and Engine Building Company, including the main < tensers for the 

(Jnited States cruiser " Baltimore," w Inch contained six castings oi the combined weight of 12,604 pounds; a Is., the 
main air pumps for the same cruiser, forming a single brass casting weighing I.-M7 pounds. They have lately 
received n contract from the Morgan Line for tliiii \ two blades of maganese bronze, weighing on the average 1,000 
pounds each, and thej are also deservedly prominent as having made the blades for most of ..in- war vessels, and 
some of the most prominent steamships in the United States, such as the " Caraccas " and the " Venezuela " of 
the Red D Steamship Line. This Arm are also deservedly prominent as manufacturers of the highest grade ol 
manganese bronze, known as the " Amei irtan " grade, which is us.-. I exclusively for screw propellers by the mi\ ies 
of the United states. England, Russia, Spain, Germany, France and Italy. This is a uon corrosive alloy, and is in 
heavy increasing demand in till parts of the world, giving this house a prestigi and popul iritj second to that of no 
other house in this line. The copartners, Messrs. Benj. II. and Courtland I). Cramp, arc native Philadelphians. sous 
of Mr. < lias. il. Cramp, who is president of the Win. Cramp i£ Sons Ship and Engine Building Compauj ol this city. 
They possess targe practical experience in the art, personally supervising all operations of these works, and in all 
departments they enjoy special facilities not elsewhere obtainable. 




,ROVII)ENT BOND AND INVESTMENT COMPANY. Principal Office, No. 530 Walnut Street.— The 
most import ml question for those to decide who have Funds to invest is safety. Assured of their 
investi it, rate of interest divides their attention with permanency. The Provident Bond and In- 
vestment Company, having its headquarters at No. 530 Walnut Street, offers a securer method of 
investing small sums than either life insurance, building associations oi savings funds. Thej are 
the successors to the Mutual Savings and Distribution Fund Association, of New York, the original tontine 
investment houd association in America. The company was organized under its present title in March, 1891. 
Et has a capital of $100,000 and is officered as follows, viz. : J. II. Durland, president; Harrison Johnson, vice- 
president; R. A. Babbage, second vice-president; I). .1. Sandham, secretary: R, EL Taylor, treasurer. Directors: 
.1. II. Durlan.l. it .1. Sandham, R. II. Taylor, Robert Anderson, I. E. Cochran. Jr.; William II. Kim 
Harrison Johnson, II. A. Babbage, William I. .-wis. Frank Powel, M. I'.: George W. Elliott, W T. Shoe 
maker. 1). II Sleem, M. D. This company offers unequalod advantages to investors, while pledging 
unquestionable security for carrying out its undertakings. D has in effi ct a sale system of cad lections ami presents 
the best paying investment before the public in their monthly redemption bonds. These bonds embodj the surest 
principle of gain to the persistent, give the quickest returns upon outlay, and guarantee the maximum of profit 

for the minimum of risk of any investment principle extant. There ate many points in which tin' plan of this 
company differs profitably to their bondholder, from all other financial enterprises, while the earnest invitation 
of the managers to all investors to carefully investigate their plans, principles and methods of doing business, 
betokens a conscious strength Unit is certain to secure to them a continuance of the liberal patronage already 
bestowed. The conservative management of the company, coupled with its financial strength, has led to its recog- 
nition as oi f the foremost investment mediums in this city. On August I, 1802, it had a capital and reserve 

surplus amounting to over $170,000; against which surplus there is not one dollar of matured liability. If abso- 
lute security, convenience, regular income, permaneucj and freedom fi.mi care count for anything iii an invest- 
ment, these bonds t nearly meet the wants of the investing public than any other security now to he had. Of 

this ,i thorough investigation will convince the most skeptical or conservative investor, to whom patient courtesy 
is always shown by the officers in charge. President Durland is a well-known citizen of New York, the founder of 
the " Tontine Investment Bond " system and the organizer of this company. The remaining! officers of the com 
pany arc prominent Philadelphians and gentlemen of experience ami ability, with whom it is always n pleasure to 

<lu bllsine — 



H. M. SCIPLE & CO., 

BOILERS, ENGINES, ETC., 

Third and Arch Sts. 

\ leading headquarters in Philadelphia for boilers, engines, shafting, sawmills, pumps and power plants 
is the establishment of Messrs. II. SI. Seiple & Co., located ;it the corner of Third and Arch Streets. This 
representative house lias been in successful operation since 1879, and none engaged in this important line 
ot mercantile activity in this country maintains a higher standing in the trade, and few enjoy a large] 
measure of recognition, its animal sales reaching a very handsome figure. The business is conducted on the 
soundest and most progressive principles, and its management is characterized by energy, sagacity and judicious 
enterprise, coupled with strict integrity. All persons having dealings with this house arc certain to find the same 
of the most satisfactory character. The boilers and engines handled by this firm are of every style, size and vari- 
ety, and bear such a character for utility, reliability and superiority, as to command universal attention and gen- 
eral patronage. Contracts for supplying complete power plants are promptly and satisfactorily tilled to the letter, 




and among the patrons supplied by this house maj be named the Pottsville Electric Light Company, Shenandoah 
Electric Light Company, Shamokin Electric Light Company. Fvackville Electric Light Company, and the Salem 
Electric Light Company, Salem, Or. ; while corporations and individuals throughout Pennsylvania, New Jersey, 
Delaware and the South largely depend on this house tor their supplies, being attracted by the honorable methods 
in force, tin- substantial inducements offered, and the prompt and satisfactory manner in which all their orders are 
fulfilled. Trices are at bed-rock, and. quality considered, are the cheapest quoted by any similar concern in the 
land. Purchasers in this line will save money and obtain better service through this house than by dealing with 
any other in tin- country. The members of this firm are Messrs. II. SI. Sciple, .1. SI. Gillespie and IT. P. Sayford. 
All aie experienced and practical exponents of this line of trade, possessing a foundation understanding of all its 
details and requirements, and eminently popular in meet ing all its demands. 



A. R. KELLER COMPANY, 




PHILADELPHIA PATENT FLEXIBLE ' BACK FOR BLANK AND INVOICE BOOK, 

Ridge Avenue, 
Noble and Eleventh Streets. 

A house whose trading title would be found high up 
mi the list of those engaged in blank book manufacturing 
and bookbinding, if such a list were made with the names 
arranged according to merit, stability and extent of oper- 
ations is 1 1 n- A. R. Kclln Company, successors to the 
John V. Ruber Company, located at the junction of 
Ridge Avenue, Noble and Eleventh Streets. This com- 
pany are pr incut as patentees and manufacturers of 

the Philadelphia patent flexible back for blank and 
invoice I ks, while they operate three separate depart- 
ments lor publishing, blank hook manufacturing and 

I kbinding. The business was founded in 1S35, and is 

under the sole management of Mr. A. R. Keller. The 
business premises comprise an entire five-story build- 
ing, ion \ r.o feet, provided with all the latest machinery 
and devices designed to make skilled labor most effect- 
ive, and, as steam-power is freely used, the Ion I' 250 

to 800 hands is to all intents and purposes many limes 

multiplied. In scope, the Imsiness is all-embracing, 

everything proper to us line being promptly undertaken and accomplished in a manner doing the fullest credit to 

pn -en: daj styles of work, and giving the most complete satisfaction to the Large and influential pan ge. This 

company has issued such important publications as •• The Supreme Court of the United States, its History and 
Centennial," prepared by the Judiciary Centennial Committee, and upon which, by written permission, (he seal of 

the Supreme Court was 
placed — an honor never 
before conferred upon any 
publication : " Ames pf 
Diamonds," by Russell H. 
Conwell : and " Bradley's 
Atlas of the World;" also 
"Mitchell'* Atlas" and 
maps of all the South 

American countries. The 
company's patent flexible 
back for blank books has 
been adopted by t b e 
United States I to i e t n- 
meut and is recognized by 
experts as the acme of 
pei feci ion : and by the aid 
of a machine lately in- 
vented, they are now able 

to produce these patent flexible backs without any additional cost over the old style. In their blank hook manufac- 
tory this company turn out some of the finest work known p. the trade. The fullest extent of artistic possibility 
signalizes their numerous productions, while their well-tested merits and marked appreciation by a critical 
public is their best possible recommendation, their onlj needed endorsement. Orders bj telephone No. 2211, by 
telegraph or mail, receive immediate and careful attention, and prices are placed upon a fair and equitable basis. 
The business extends to all parts oi the United states and Canada, and is yearly increasing in volume. Mr. Keller, 

them. - devotes his energies and talents most untiringly to the business, insuring only reliable work and 

winning the esteem and confidence of a widespread and critical trade. 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



s: 



)KiiV*%. 



*<&**& 



^ -foreiS" 



RBLES 



%*B*N& 



J)csigner §£ 
"jiianufccfurerof 




Correspondence 



Ridge Avenue'* 

Opposite entrance CctfETeny 

A °*%LMi# 1 ' 1 '"' ~PlULADEL1>JUA?PjL. 




SOMAS DELAIIUNTY. Marble and Granite Works, Established 1855, Ridge Avenue, Opposite North 
Laurel Hill Cemetery. — The trade represented by the establishment of Thomas Delahunty, whose 
marble and granite works are on Ridge Avenue, opposite North Laurel Hill Cemetery, is second to 
no other of its class which may fairly claim to combine with a manual handicraft the richest embel- 
lishments of art. The perfection now attained in this direction may be plainly seen in the work turned 
out by Mr. Delahunty. and at his works may be found a large variety of designs in monuments, headstones, etc., 
which evince a combination of taste and skill rarely seen in domestic manufactures of the kind. The cemeteries 
of Philadelphia arc specially noticeable for the elegance and taste displayed in their costly and massive monu- 
ments, many of which are the product of the skill of the subject of this sketch. Mr. Delahunty was born abroad, 
but has resided in this city 4ti years. In 1855 he established business here and has since built up a large, wide- 
spread, and influential trade. Among the notable work done by him may be mentioned the Wilson, and Kitchen- 
man monuments in South Laurel Hill Cemetery, the Alexander Campbell. Henry Huddy anil .las. W. Queen monu- 
ments in North Laurel Hill Cemetery, the Florida monument at Tallahassee, monument to the unknown Con- 
federate dead at Winchester. Va.. which is 80 feet in height, and surmounted by the figure of a soldier standing 
"at rest; " the Germantown Soldier's Monument, and monuments, sepulchres or sarcophagi for Chief Justice 
Mercur. Walter Lippincott. James Simpson, B. F. Clyde. P. F. Morey of Portland. Oregon, and many others. Mr. 
Delahunty's marble and granite works are the largest, in the city. The yard and buildings cover an area of 
inn x 40 feet, and are completely appointed in every respect. Employment is found for forty expert workmen 
and all orders given Mr. Delahunty are executed in the most workmanlike and satisfactory manner. 

ANSON BROTHERS. Electrotypers, No. 704 Sansom Street.— The electrotyper occupies an important 
position in the industrial world, and fills a niche that would otherwise be a lamentable void. The 
oldest house in the Quaker City engaged in this industry is that which forms the subject of this 
sketch. This establishment was founded in 1857 by Mr. Thomas H. Mumford, and in the year fol- 
low ing Mr. <;. L. Hanson was admitted to partnership, the firm-name becoming Mumford cV: Hanson. 
The hitter's sons are now proprietors. The copartners. Messrs. G. Hanson. C. Hanson, H. Hanson. E. M. Hanson 
and E. H. Hanson, are natives of Philadelphia, and have had from fifteen to twenty years' experience in their voca- 
tion. They arc thoroughly conversant with all its requirements, and exercise care to maintain their establishment 
at the highest standard of efficiency. As a result of the superiority of the work turned out. the linn have a large 
active trade, extending to all parts of the United states, and they also have customers in England. The business 
premises consist of a live-story building, 25 x 150 feet in dimensions. The equipment includes the most improved 
machinery, driven by steam-power, ami employment is afforded from sixty to seventy hands. Electrotyping is 
executed in all its branches, in first-class style, at lowest cost, and all orders are nromptly and satisfactorily filled. 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERC1A1 PHILADELPHIA 



GTTTEKUNST. Photographer, Clayton S. I Ian-is. Mgr., No. L700 Broad Si red.- 'I lie 
i,,,; p. Ti 1. 1 1 1- in the domain of the arts any Hue in which more notable progress lias been made 

<^JJ* during the past few decades than in photography. What with invention, improvements! 
Jafe^-'J »u stained Hl'ort. the advance made in the direction indicated since Daguerre discovered the 

-- ..I' retaining negative impressions by the aid of light on sensitized surfaces is trulj marvelous. 
The work turned out 1>\ some of our leadiug portrait artists is a distincl triumph of science and skill: 
and in this connection special complimentary mention is due to the magnificent studio of F. Gute- 
kunst. located at \<>. 1700 Broad Street, northwest corner of Columbia Avenue, and which enjoys a 
reputation second to none in Philadelphia. It isoneof the oldest as well as foremost exponents of 
the art in this city and has a ven large high-class patronage, the pictures leaving his establishmenl 
being noted for fidelity, beauty of design, delicacj of shading and elegance of finish. Mr. Gutekunsl 
i- hi expert photographer of long and varied experience, and a thorough master of the art in all its 
branches. His business lias beeu established since 1850, and has always maintained the firsl place in 
the foremost rank in the profession. Tin- studio occupies t wo floors, each 1 ■.'■"> x 50 feet in dimensions, 
with luxuriantly furnished reception-room and ladies' parlor and well-equipped operating department 
anil employs a large stall' of prominent artists. Mr. Gutekunst makes a specialty of Eaithful portraits 
of our most prominent citizens and is conceded to be the most successful photographer in 1'ini 
phia. The establishment is provided with all the latest improved appliances and appurtenances, and 
is by general assent the finest and best-equipped photographic studio in the city-— perhaps in the 
rj n j t( g 3— over $10,000 being expended in the fitting up of the place alone. Fine photography 
in all its branches is executed here in the highest style of the art. and satisfaction i- assured in everj 
instance, life-sized cabinet portraits being a specialty. Pictures are finished in oils in the most supe- 
rior manner, and particular attention i< given to crayons, water-colors and pastels, the very best 
work being guaranteed, while the prices charged here are of the most reasonable character withal. 
Tl is gallery is under the aide management of Mr. Clayton S. Harris, who has devoted a lifetime in 
himself in his profession and has tilled many prominent positions in Boston and other 
ities. His reputation as an artist is too well known to need further comment. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



89 



is \ \c A. SHEPPARD A CO., Excelsior Stove Works, Northeast Coiner Fourth Street and Montgomery 
Avenue.— American stoves, ranges ami furnaces are recognized the world over as unequaled for 
economy in the consumption of fuel and for general efficiency, while they are the embodiments of 
mechanical workmanship of the highest order of perfection. This reputation has been won by the 
enterprise and skill of our leading representative houses, of which tin- Excelsior Stove Works, at 

Fourth Street and Montg erj Avenue form a fitting illustration. These works are conducted under the entei 

prising proprietorship of Messrs. Isaac A.. Sheppard & Co., and are among the largest ami best-equipped in the 
i try. 




The foundation of tin- business was laid in 1859. by Messrs. Isaac A. Sheppard, 
William IS. Walt.ni and John 
at Marshall Street and Girard 
and in 1872 a removal was made 
present site. Eventually Mr. 



.lames ('. Horn. Jonathan 




Ih. hi,-. 

Sheeler. 

A venue 

to the 

Sheppard became the sole proprietor, ami 

in 1ST 1 .) Mr. Franklin L. Sheppard. his 

son. was admitted to partnership, fol- 
lowed by the admission of another son. 

Mr. Howard I,'. Sheppard, in 1S87, thus 

forming the firm as at present, consti- 
tuted. The works at the address above 

named cover an entire block, and com- 

prise a series of two and three storj 

buildings, splendidly equipped for the 

manufacture of ranges and furnaces, and 

giving steady employment to 250 skilled 
hands: while the firm also operate works 
in Baltimore for the production of stoves 

and hollow-ware, which occupy an entire 

square ami furnish employment to 125 

workmen. All the products of this linn 

ar.' duly protected by patent, and have 
served to give the house a prestige and 
popularity with the trade shared by but 
lew of its contemporaries in the country. 
The " Excelsior," the " Carroll " and 
"' Patrol " cook stoves are all of improved 
patterns, and include many exclusive 
improvements which insure the greatest 
efficiency with the lowest consumption of 
fuel, coupled with convenience, dura- 
bility and beauty. They also manufac- 
ture the "Royal Ranges," which, with 
the "New Franklin."' " Xew Washing- 
ton." ••New Columbia." '•Jewel." 
" New Magic," " Ruby," " Saxon " and 
•'Stratford" ranges, are models in 
trimmings, finish and adaptation to the 
exacting requirements of families in all 
circumstances. Their "Fidelity"' 
ranges, which arc illustrated in the 
accompanying engraving, and their 
famous "Excelsior" ranges are recog- 
nized by the trade as the best sellers of 
the present time. Their Paragon Steel 
Plate Furnace, with equalized draft. 

patented Augusts, 1890, embodies the great principles of perfect ventilation, thorough combustion, ease of man- 
agement, ami magnificent heal ing capacity, and is in satisfactory use in some of the finest residences. The develop- 
ment of the business of this house has had few parallels in the trade, ami is largely due to the fact that the 
proprietors are practical stove founders, know what the public most desire, and are enabled to supply the same h\ 
reason of their large resources and perfected facilities. They have solved the most difficult problems involved in 
the construction of stoves, ranees, and furnaces: and their productions stand without successful rivals for valuable 
improvements, perfect operation and excellence of workmanship and finish. The honored senior partner was horn 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

in New Jersey, and f"i upwards ol thirty years lias been prominent in the industrial, political and financial circles 
of this city and State. He served three terms as a member of the Legislature during the war period, being chair- 
man "i the Ways and Means C littee in the 1 1 hum' of 1861, and had full charge of the measures of legislation for 

sustaining the government at thai critical period; while for a large part of one session he acted as Speaker pro 
tern. He also deserves credit as one of the originators and i li : < ■ 1 1 i * ■ i promoter of the " Building Association Kill.'' 
which has since operated so beneficially in making Philadelphia " a city of homes." He is slill a power in the 
commercial and financial circles oi this city, as president of Mi National Security Bank, and a director ol the 
Northern Safe Deposit and Trust Company ami the Northern Liberties Gas Company; ami since January, 1889, 
has been president of the Board of Education. The sons are native- Philadelphians, trained in this branch ot 
industry from their early boyhood, an. I combine their em rgj and ability with the ripe experience of their father 
to form a firm of commanding influence, w it e ; opu aritj and i lid worth. 

SILVER KING MINING WD MILLING COMP ANY, Office, No. 234 South Fourth Street.— There are 

numerous indications that the present boom ining operations, especially for precious metals, is 

of the most permanent and conservative character. The newlj formed companies have entered the 
field u] the most substant al basis, headed by experienced mining experts and capitalists, not over- 
stocked, but formed to develop some of the richest and most extensive ore leads yet discovered. The 
silver King Mining and .Milling Company, whose office is located at No. 234 South Fourth Street, is a favorable 
example ol a corporation organized to conduct legitimate mining operations, incorporated in 188S, with a capital of 
11,000,000, ii acquired ownership of the richest silver-bearing territory in Idaho, In. -a ted in Alburas County, « In- re 
they have located twelve claims and have alreadj three openings. They have made all the necessary arrangements 
for conducting business under i he most favorable conditions and upon a grand scale, and are securing a stead} out- 
put of silver ore of the finest quality, which they are selling to smelters in large quantities. The ore assays irerj 
,ieh. thus placing the company upon a secure dividend-paying basis, and is id he congratulated upon a favorable 
prospect before it. The stock is held by prominent Philadelphians, whose interests are entrusted to sate hands. 
The president of the company, Mr. Henrj Levis, is one oi our best-known citizens and representative business men; 
prominent as an iron broker lor many years, ami also president of the Decatur Coal Company. The secretarj ami 
treasurer, Mr. W. s. U'vlic. holds a similar position iii the Decatur Coal Company and is an able official. 

EYSTONE HORSESHOE COMPANY, Manufacturers of Bar, Guide and Hoop Iron, also Special Sec- 
tions of lion or Steel, (Hoop Iron can he Furnished in Lengths of 100 feet;) Seventeenth and Clearfield 
Streets, Stations German town Junction, I'. B. R., Sixteenth Street Station, I'. A- R. — There are many 
extensive establishments in Philadelphia engaged in the iron industry, and prominent among such 
should lie named thai ot the Keystone Horseshoe Company, located at Seventeenth and Clearfield 
Streets. This company an- extensive manufacturers of bar, guide ami hoop iron, and special sections of iron or 
steel; while they make a leading specialty of skelp iron for manufacturing wrought-iron water and gas pipes. The 
company was organized in 1881, with ample capital, and had as its president the Hon. Geo. II. Boker, until his 

lamented death, in 1890. This vacailCJ has never been filled, the present officers being Wm. Gerhard, seeiela: v and 

treasurer; W. <;. Howell, superintendent. The main building covers a ground area of si i \ -j^n feet, and iv supplied 

with four heating furnaces, two trains of rolls and a full com piemen t of improved machinery, operated bj a steam- 
engine of 250-horse power, and employment is given to seventj skilled hands. The facilities oi this company for 
manufacturing the best quality of goods are not excelled anywhere, while the guarantee thai goes with all products 
is proof of the .are in workmanship ami the reliability of stock used lanufacture. The reputation of tins com- 
pany's skelp iron has become inseparably connected with tin .Ms of Philadelphia, and this result is the natural 

Outgrowth of the uniformly equitable policy thai has dominated the operations ol tin house, and warrants the 
remark that in it- particular line of manufacture there is onccrn ill the country that we can more readily 

endorse a- affording their customers both general and special advantages nol easily duplicated elsewhere. The com 
pany are now producing 12,000 tons per year, selling direct to pipe manufacturers in quantities to sun. and have 
attained a n itional reputation for the excellence of their products and their perfect adaptability to the purposes foi 
which they are used. Mr. Gerhard, the secretary and treasurer, e a native Philadelphian, a membei of the Manu- 
facturers' Club and prominent in business and trade circles; while Mr. Howell, the superintendent, was bora in 
France, and has resided in this country for twenty-five years. Both gentlemen give the benefit of then time and 
1 - to the promotion of the interests of tin mpany, and thus insure its continued success and permanent pros- 
perity. 





HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. '■>! 

HE LINK-BELT ENGINEERING COMPANY, Successors to Burr & Dodge, Link Belting and Link- 
Belt Appliances, Nicetown. — In this age of machinery and when- progress is the order of the day, as 
regards new inventions of every kind of machinery for nearly every purpose, the enormous demand 
for belts and belting has rendered their manufacture a prominent industry in the United States and 
one which is continually on the increase: competition only serving to increase the skill of American 
manufacturers. The L ink-Belt Engineering Company, whose office and works are located at Nicetown. tills a 
niche in this branch of industry peculiarly its own. This company arc internationally famous as manufacturers 
of the Ewart detachable link-belting and link-belt appliances; the Dodge chain, sprocket wheels, shafting, 
pulleys, improved appliances for handling any material in bulk or package, and are likewise prominent as engi- 
neers, founders and machinists. The business so successfully conducted by them was originally established in 
1875, by Clarke & Burr, who were succeeded in 1SS4, by Burr & Dodge, and in 1889 their interests and those ol 
the Link-Belt Machinery Company of New York, were consolidated under the present name, with .lames M. Dodge, 
president and chief engineer: S. Howard-Smith, vice-president and treasurer; Edward 11. Burr, secretary. The 
plant of the company covers four acres of ground, and comprises a machine-shop, SO x 410 feet, built of brick in 
the most substantial manner; a. wrought-iron shop, 70 x 180 feet, and a. drop-forge shop, 40 x 50 feet, both iron 
buildings; and a stable and storage shed, loo x 25 feet. The equipment embraces a compressed air plant for 
burning oil fuel, and for operating riveting machines; an hydraulic plant for operating two cranes "I two tons 
capacity each; a complete fire service, and three steam-engines of loo aggregate horse power, while steady 
employment is given to 150 skilled and expert hands. This is one of the finest-equipped shops in Philadelphia. 
Link-belting has taken a prominent place among the necessities, and is very extensively employed in the han- 
dling of coal and in the equipment of flour-mills, grain elevators, breweries, malt-bouses, paper and pulp mills, 
sugar refineries, phosphate works, tanneries, etc. The principal value of link-belting as a power transmitter lies 
in the nature of its construction. Being composed of links and used with sprocket wheels, it forms a positive 
belt, doing its duty with no waste of power from slipping and the minimum loss of power through journal 
friction, which latter is a large factor of loss in all flat-belt transmissions. This loss of power by friction ami 
slippage of leather or rubber belts costs thousands of dollars in large concerns, in the consumption of coal and 
wear and tear on the machinery. Link-belting is successfully used lor driving rotary furnaces, and for trans- 
mitting power under water, as it is uninjured by being used in hot and damp places. Under favorable cir- 
cumstances link-belting can be run at a speed of 100'J feet per minute, while as high a speed as 2000 feet pei 
minute has been accomplished. Aside from its use for transmission of power, link-belting has attained 

prominence as a medium for elevating and conveying material of almost any kind, which is ac mplished by insert 

ing at suitable intervals in the belt special links called attachments. This company built the coal-handling 
machinery used in the coal storage plants at Port Richmond; Rondout, N. Y. ; Salem, Mass.: Plainlield X. .1.; ami 
South Amboy, N. .1.; also for the Lehigh Avenue round-bouse of the Philadelphia it Beading R. I!. Co., 
and others of immense capacity. Their coal-handling machinery is in use by the Philadelphia & Reading 
R. R. Co., the Pennsylvania It. R. Co. ; the Cross Creek Collieries, Lehigh Valley Coal Co., and other noted cor- 
porations. This house is now making a special feature of rope sheaves. The sheaves are made in two forms : 
one used only for idlers having a. rounded groove of but little greater radius than that of the rope employed, the 
other having the"V" grooved rim required for driving sheaves. Numerous experiments have been made to 
determine the best angle for the sides of this groove, the object being to attain the maximum grip without making 
the angle acute enough to cause the rope to wedge in the groove or to wear by sliding into place. The bottom of 
the groove is round and the sides smooth, to prevent abrasion of the rope. They have so perfected the manufac- 
ture of their sheaves that all grooves of the same nominal size have exactly the same pitch diameter, and are strictly 
interchangeable. This is of vital importance in a multiple-grooved sheave. If there is any inequality, the rope 
will travel in the groove of larger diameter at increased speed, thus causing the several ropes to pull against each 
other, and throwing the strain of the transmission on less than the whole number of ropes. Nothing has so mili- 
tated against the general employment of rope driving in this country as the use of imperfect multiple-grooved 
•sheaves; those constructed of wood having proved especially faulty. In the sheaves, each groove is cast sepa- 
rately. Some grooves have arms and hub, while others are plain rings. They all have a slight projection on one 
side and corresponding recess on the other, with bolt boles at the circumference, so that a multiple-grooved sheave 
is quickly built up by bolting together the requisite number of arm sections and ring sections. The projecting 
bead fits into the recess in the adjoining ring, and brings each groove accurate]} to one pitch surface. The joint is 
not perceptible, and the finished sheave presents as smooth anil unbroken a surface as a single casting. This 
method of construction enables them to make a light and very strong sheave by placing the metal where it will be 
most effective. .V heavy rim is avoided and the requisite strength given by introducing the proper number of arm 
sections. Another and most important advantage it otters is, that extra, grooves can be added to an existing drive 
at any subsequent time when more power is needed. No other make of sheave is callable of this extension. They 
keep a large stock of arm and ring grooves constantly on hand, so that sheaves with any number of grooves can be 
furnished promptly. Other products include Emery it Garland's patent lumber trimmer, gang slab slashers, auto- 
matic fuel feeders, patent safety boots, elevator buckets, Norway iron elevator bolts, the Cockrell scouring ease. 
Caldwell's conveyor, swivel spouts, the " L. B. M. Co." clutch, an improved hub-friction clutch, manilla rope, 
and leather, rubber ami cotton belting. This company's business is immense and influential throughout all 
parts of the United States, and also extends to South America and other foreign nations. A branch office is 
operated at No. 40 Dey Street, New York, and the trade ami consumers everywhere are supplied at short notice and 
on fair and equitable terms. The western connection of this company is The Link-Belt Machinery Co., of Chicago. 
which has an equally large and well-equipped plant. 



:< 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 





HE JOHN C. MILLER BREWING COMPANY, Lager Beei Brewery, A.le, Porter.Brown Stout, Northwest 

cornel Wakefield ami \ shin cad Streets, Germantown, Pa. — The opinion once prevailed a ug certain 

classes of the community that Hrst-class beer, ale and porter could not be brewed in America. This 
sentiment is now confined solely to Anglomaniacs, who obtain their clothes from Europe, and all they 
possibly can of what thej eat and drink. The skill and energj "I American brewers have been brought 
to i mm i with such brilliant success that beer, ale and porter are now prod ■ ed in this country equal in qualify and 
puiitj to the best brewed in Germany, or bj Bass or Guinness in Great Britain and Ireland. The John C. Miller 
Brewing Company, of this city, affords, in then career and by their productions, an excellent illustration of 1 1 1 « - 
truth "i this statement. They arc extensive brewers of lager beer, ale, porter and brown stout, with headquarters 
at Wakefield and Ashmead Streets, Germantown. The business was founded in 1865, by Mr. John C. Miller, who 
placed the enterprise upon a solid and substantial ijasi.s. ami was succeeded in 1887 bj Ins son, Mr. Geo. J. Miller. 
Ill,' present company was incorporated on the first of January, 1802, under the laws of the State of Pennsylvania, 
with a capital of $300,000, and with Geo. J. Miller, president, A. J. Miller, secretarj ami treasurer. The plant 
covers three-fourths oi an acre of ground, and the brewery is a splendid four-storj structure, equipped with all 
modern appliances, apparatus and machinery known to the trade, including a 200-barrel brew kettle, a 75-ton ice 
machine, with storage capacitj for 1 1,000 barrels, ami a productive capacity of 80,000 barrels per year. Tin- brewery 
i^ a model of order, neatness ami good management, and in these respects it has no superior in the country. The 
lust malt ami hops that can he purchased are utilized, and these are handled in such a careful ami scientific mannei 
as to result in the production of a class of goods that for purity, tine flavor and uniform excellence ate unexcelh d 
in this or any other market. An inferior grade of beer, ale or porter is never permitted to pass the gates of this 
establishment; hence its excellent reputation with retailers, families and the general public. Orders are filled 
with promptness and care, and terms and prices are made invariably satisfactory to buyers. The Messrs. Miller, 
Geo. J. Miller and his cousin. A. J. Miller, ate well-known Philadelphians. expert ami accomplished masters of the 
brewers' ait. and recognized leaders in their special branch of industry. As to their productions, one might 
as well attempt to paint the lily or jjild refined gold as to praise -Miller's beer, ale and porter. 

jENRY LEVIS & CO., Engineers, Dealers in Material for Railway and Ship Construction; Office, No. 

234 ."south Fourth Street. — A renewed era of prosperity has made its approach, and the great railroads 

of the country are beginning to indicate tin beneficial effects of greater activity in trade. New rail- 
roads are being projected, and nowhere can their promoters so satisfactorily negotiate for iron and 

Steel rails and other equipments as here in Philadelphia. The extensive interests centered here as 

the headquarters for many of the largest railroads, render this city an especially desirable location for dealers in 
rails and supplies, ami representative among the number is the firm of Messrs. Henry Levis & Co., who occupy 
eligible office quarters al No. 234 South Fourth Street. This firm are recognized as leading authorities in regard 
ri'th,' most perfect forms oi railway and ship construct inn, bringing to hear vast practical experience, coupled 
with an intimate knowledge of the requirements of railroads and of the best son ices of supply. They handle iron 
ami sleel rails, fastenings ami spikes, scrap iron, bituminous coal, and plate, boiler, ship and tank iron, both as 
dealers ami brokers, ami are agents for the Paxton Rolling Mills of Harrisburg, selling largely on commission, ami 
icting with railroad companies for large lines of supplies. The business was established in i*7.'i by Messrs. 
Levis & Kimball, who were succeeded by the present firm in issl'. Under able and honorable management the 
business has been developed to proportions of great magnitude ami the firm have sold many thousand tons of rails 
to railway and construction companies and have afforded universal satisfaction in regard to the strict fulfillment 
ofeverj contrai ;. Directoi ites desirous of being honorably and faithfully served at 'In- lowest current rates will 
find it t" Hum advantage to place their orders here. The firm i^ composed of Messrs. Henry Levis. Walte: M. 

Gorham and Howard Siddell. Mr. Levis is one of tl Idest and most expert iron brokers in Philadelphia and is 

in, nl also as president of I lie llecatnr Coal Company and as a director of the Silver King Mining and Mil 

Company of Idaho: a well-known Philadelphia!] who stands deservedly high in commercial and financial circles. 

ECATUE COAL < OMPANY. Office, No. 234 South Fourth Street.— The city oi Philadelphia has long 
been recognized as the great coal center of the Union, and it is here that the wealthiest firms and 
companies have their offices and an enormous business is being carried on daily. 



inns 

One of the old- 
j established and best-known 1 ses engaged in the business is that of the Decatur Coal Company, 

* whose offices are located at No. 234 South Fourth Street. This company are miners and shippers of 

semi-bituminous coal, owning 600 acres of land m Clearfield County, eligibly located on the Pennsylvania Railroad, 
ami have a colliery which turns out 75,000 tons. The company was incorporated in 1864, under the laws of the 
State oi Pennsylvania, with a capital ol 1200,000, and is officered as follows, viz.: Henrj Levis, president; W, v . 
Wylie, secretory and treasurer. They ship bj the car or cargo in quantities to suit to any point desired at the 

shortest possible notice. The d is especially adapted foi use by steamships, rolling mills, locomotives, glass 

works, and all kinds ol smitl j and steam-generating purposes where intense heat is required. Manj oi the 

ist coal consumers ami purchasers in all this section of the country arc numbered among the constant custom 

els of the house, and entile satisfaction is assured in all its transactions. President Levis is a well-known Phil a- 
delpian. one ol the oldest iron brokers in the city, and also President of the Silvei Kiujj Mining and Milling Com- 
pany. Mr. Wylie, the secretarj and treasurer, holds a like position in the Silvei King Mi nine and Milling Company. 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



93 




E.M VASEY'S MODEL BOARDING STABLES 





M. VASEY'S. West Philadelphia Model Stables, Nos. 3712 and 3714 Market Street.— One of the most 
complete and stylish livery stables in the city, ami a leading representative of this branch of industry 
is that of the West Philadelphia .Model Boarding Stables, located at NV>s. 3712 and 11714 Market 
i Street. There are few men, if any. in this business who are better known or more highly esteemi d 
than the proprietor, Mr. E. M. Vasey. Mr. Vasey established business in Philadelphia nineteen 
years ago, and a year and a-half ago erected the splendid stables since occupied by him. The building is architec- 
turally perfect, [t has three floors, each 4U x 240 feet in dimensions, and the place is finished in hard pine. The 
drainage, ventilation and light are perfect. At night electric lights are used. An elevator leads to the carriage- 
rooms on the second ami third floors. There are nineteen box stalls, and the stable has comfortable accommoda- 
t ions for sixty-seven horses. A fine stock of road horses also gentle horses, for ladies' driving, is ow ne.l by Mr. Vasey. 
and a splendid variety of carriages, broughams and road wagons. Special attention is given to driving and saddle 
horses, and all pit ions are certain to be well pleased with any horse or team hired from or boarded at these stables, 
while the prices charged are uniformly reasonable. Mr. Vasey is a native of Philadelphia, recognized as one of 

its most progressive business men. and bears an excellent reputation for h irable methods in his transactions. 

lie is a stockholder in the Belmont Driving Club, ami the Philadelphia Driving Park Club, and is alifemember 
and one of the founders of the Turf Club. 




94 HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

John B. ST] rSON I OMPANY, Fine Sof( and Mill Fell Hal Makers, Fourth Streel and Montgomery 
Avenue. — The facilities afforded to 1 1 1 < • public to gratify their tastes for the beautiful, the reliable and 
the perfect in their attire, have yeai l)j yeai enlarged the field and created a constantly increasing 
demand for the best and mosl truthful exposition of the currenl sty l< s and "l fashion's mandate. \ 
notable illustration is afforded in the career of the John li. Stetson Company, the representative 
American hatters, whose distinctive qualifications liave become universally recognized, and whose great ski i 1 am! 
sterling spirit of enterprise lead the trade in fine soft ami stiff felt hats ami receive thai silent homage, the imita- 
tion "t would-be competitors. The factorj of this company, located at Fourth Street ami Montgomerj Avenue, is 
the largest in tin- world devoted to its line of production. The business was founded in IS65, bj Mi. John B. si, i- 
s.ni. iii a small shop at Seventh and Callowbill streets, u ith but two assistants ami mi capital but energy and pluck. 

The growth of the business fi'om humble proportions to an honored and matured magnitude has been | 

and secured by an assiduous applicati I business tact ami enterprise of a high order, and bj a diligent obsen 

ance of those principles of punctualitj ami integrity without which no enterprise can be placed upon a Arm ami 
lasting foundation. Through all the vicissitudes, all the inflations and depressions ol trade which followed the 
war period, Mr. Met sun. in the language of President Lincoln, "kept pegging away." lengthening ami strengthening 
his stakes, enlarging his commercial relations, extending his business premises, increasing his facilities for pro- 
duction, ami expanding his popularity with all .lasses of the trade, until lie gained the pre-eminence in his 
industry which he now so deservedly enjoys. The firm of John B. Stetson & Company was organized in 1867, and 
in 1891 the present company was incorporated, with a paid-up capital ot $2,700,000, to w Inch main of the employees 
subscribed, and with John B. stetson, chairman; Win. I-'. Fray, vice-president and general manager; Robt. M. 
Smith, treasurer; .1. Howell Cummings, secretary. The manufacturing plant occupies a triangular space, fronting 
162 feet on Montgomery Avenue, 365 feet on Fourth Street and :;'.is Met on (adwalader Street; the main building 
being six-stories high, while directly across (adwalader Street is a new six-story structure, connected bj a bridge, 
ami both built of brick in the most substantial manner, splendidly equipped with new and improved machinery, 
ample steam-] lower, and electric-light plant and other modern conveniences, while stead j employment i- l: i \ • a to 
1 100 -killed hands, tin' wages to pay whom aggregate some $10,000 per week. The output averages 2,000 felt hats 

per da\ . and every hat bearing the imprint of this e p.nn i- a gem oi an ami taste. They are decidedly the best 

ha i- worn to-day, while that indefinable element, style, is always imparted, ami so well understood is this tan that 
ih, j an- typical in every city iii the Union. All that is best and most reliable is embodied in theii production. 
Jobbers and the trade are supplied in quantities to suit at the shortest possible notice. Their New fork sales 
rooms are situated at \'o. T"iti Broadway. Mr. Stetson is not only successful as a manufacturer, hut eminent a- a 

philanthropist, lie takes a pers< 1 interest in the welfare oi his employees, and is the founder of the John !'■. 

Stetson Beneficial Association, which provides a benefit for the employees in ease of death or sickness. Each 
employee under eighteen years oi age is assessed fifteen eenis per month ami each one over eighteen years, twenty- 
five cents per month. In ease of sickness they receive three dollars and live dollars, respectively, per week, ami ill 
ihe event of death $75.0 i and $100.00 respectively is paid. The November statement of this association foi 1891, 
-how- ill employees who through sickness have received amounts varying from three to twenty-five dollars, and 

-i\ deaths having occurred tin- ai mi of -1011.00 each has been paid to the families ami relatives ol five of the 

deceased, and $75 in the other case, the employee being under the age of eighteen. During the year tin- associa- 
tion paid for sick benefits $2029.00, and they still have a balance in their treasury of $622.69. The report is as 
follows: Balance or. hand last report, $433.54; amount received from dues $2884.00; amount paid for sick benefits 
a- below, -i'ii-' ( a. ' it 1; amounl paid to John li. stetson Assessment Fund, $350.00; physician's services (one year), 
00; printing am! stationery, $15.85; balance in treasury,$622.69; total. $3317.54. Assessment Fund :— balance 
on hand last report. $48.84; amount received from assessments. $222.80; amount received from John I!. Stetson 

beneficial fund, $350.00; mt paid for death benefit*, as follows: I. Win. Coulter, - - -lie,. McGinnis, 

$100.00; -'• Samuel Egelton $100.00; 1. Ed. Major. $75.00; •">. II. R. Kendall. $100.00; 6. John M. Davidson, $100.00; 
total. $575.00; balance in treasury, $40.64; total. $621.64. There is also a Building and loan \ 
with a ten-year period ami with ten series -till in operation, two ha vine expired, with a profit ol $68.19 accruing to 
each -hare. The report toi 1891, -bowed a total profit ,.1 $107,216.37. There is likewise a library for the free use 
of the employees; a Sunday-school room with a regular membership ol 2,000 sehohus. and where certain evenings 

■ a the week a i'i ' devoted t,, I '.i I, leal studj ; w bile n prayer meetings arc held, a kindergarten school is organized, 

■ - a -oeial union, a beneficial organization, a well equipped gymnasium, and an association whose members 
pledge themselves against the use of tobacco and liquors. Mr. stetson is now rising sixtj years ol age, is a 
director in various financial institutions, and has built up an enterprise in our midst thai i- a monument to his 
perseverance, commanding ability, and love for humanity. Mr. Fray came into the house in 1869, Mr. Smith in 

1868, ami Mi. Cummings in 1881, and com in lie to i,, 1 1 1,- ,.r ihe thoroughly representative manufacturing enter- 

- of America. 

,-. .■ cut "I WOI ItS "li opp isite pa 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



95 





96 HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

ID.MI'ND D. SMITH iS CO., Iron and General Commission Mercl ts, No. 208 — ■ ■ ► ■ i t It Fourth Struct — 

It need scarcely be stated thai the iron and steel interests in the United States are ol great impor- 
tance, constituting one of the chief departments of industrial and commercial activity. Philadelphia 
is an important center "t this industry, the transactions assuming great magnitude in the i nurse ol a 

year and the amount s >ld through the medium uf inannl i iturers' agents and commissi ■<■ li mts 

reaches extensive proportions. A leading iron and steel firm in the city is that ol Messrs. Edmund l>. Smith ■£ 
Co., « ho occupy eligible office quarters al No. 208 South Fourth Street. This linn do a general commission Imsi- 
n ess in iron ores, pi. iron, steel and railroad supplies, and liave been established since 1888. They are the sales 

agents for the Sigiui Iron Company, (importers of i u ban iron ore,) Bueua Vista 1 «-< • « i Company, Salem l-'u>< 

Company, Max Meadows Iron Company, Graham Iron Company, (manufacturers ol pig iron,) also the i li m land 
Cliffs iron Company, ol Cleveland, Ohio, (dealers in Lake Superior ores,) and are general handlers of pig iron and 

iron ores of all descriptions. They also do a commission business in steel products and in railroad equi] its 

suidt ns freight cars, iron bridges, structural shapes, etc Brief mention is made below of the several companies 
represented bj this firm. The Sigua Iron Cora pan j was organized under the laws ol the State ol Wesl Virginia, 
March, 1890, with a capital of §5,000,000, and is officered as follows: -President, Clarence M < lark: secretary and 
treasurer, J. S. Singer; directors: E. W.Clark, li. Frank Clyde, George F.Tyler, Thomas II, Graham, David II. 
Thomas, Samuel Dicks in, Edmund I). Smith, E. E. Denuiston, i llarence M. Clark, S II. ' Iniuvenet, Stuart \\ od 
iii.I \. .1. Dull. These gentlemen arc well-known and intlm ntial Philadelphians, whose names are a tower ol 
strength to anj enterprise with which they may l.e identified. The property itselt is located on the south 
side of the Island of Cuba, some twenty-five miles to the eastward of Santiago de Cuba. It comprises 
(50,000 acres of land, containing immense deposits of the highest grade of Bessemer ore; a railroad some 
ten miles long has Keen built, a harbor enclosed by breakwaters constructed; an ore pier, capable ol ship- 
pin" some 3,000 tons oi ore a day. built in the most substantial manner by the well-known firm ol con 
traitors. Messrs. Anderson & Kan. ol l.rs.y City: and iiltlitt thi l.wis laid out al the coast ami at 
the mines with sufficient accommodations to care for quite a colony. The ore is shipped from Sigua bj means of 

English and American steamers, and the most approved methods for ec mical and quick dispatch have Keen 

provided, that will fa> blj compare with any ore-shipping point in the world. When it is remembered that 

there are no known deposits of Bessemer iron ore of any importance in the United States easl oi the Uleghany 
Mountains, from which the general trade can draw their supplies, this enterprise will be recognized as being of 
the first importance for the further development of the steel industry in all its forms along the Atlantic const. 
Messi's. Edmund I). Smith & Co. act as sales agents for the ore. ami as transportation agents, supplying the neces- 
sary steam tonnage to bring the ore to American ports. The Buena Vista Iron Company, Salem Furnace Com 
pany, Graham Furnace Company and Max Meadows Iron Compauj have blast furnaces located in the southwestern 
pari oi the Mate of Virginia, and are manufacturers of a high-grade foundry pig iron ami a gray forge mill iron 
that has met with great success in the m irkets tribut try to Virginia. The interests controlling these furnaces are 
also largely interested in many of of the principal ore mines in Virginia, as also in the manufacture ol coke, heme 
are provided with a supplj of the raw material from their own resources, that enables their making a standard 
iron at a cost only permissible where furnaces are located convenient to the ore and coke supply, and titled with 
all the appliances of the most modern furnace practice. Companies situated as these are, are generally able to hold 
their own in a depressed state of the iron market and admirably placed to conducl a prosperous business during 
its normal condition. All of the foregoing maybe considered as strictlj Philadelphiau interests, representing 
Philadelphia n capital, enterprise and brains in a highly creditable way. 

(UK CONNECTICUT MUTUAL LIFE INSURANI E COMPANY, of Hartford, Conn. 11. <>. Chap- 
man, General Agent, l: n No. 327, Drexel Building.— The Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance) 

pany, of Hartford, Conn., began business in 1846, and in all the essentials of good management and 
financial stability is not excelled by any similar institution in America or Europe. 'The policies 
issued by this company are the embodiment of simplicity, equity and every excellence which the 
experience of nearly half a centurj has shown to be of value in a life insurance contract. Under their new ■ Life 
and Limited Life Policies," the insured capitalizes a portion of his income to be returned when his business and 
family interests no longer need protection. At the end of ten, fifteen, twenty, twenty-five, etc. years, the insured 
can. il" desired, surrender his policy for cash, the amount ol such cash surrender values being stated in the polii j 

Dividends are declared annually ami can be used in reducing the annual payments or left with the ■ pan) to 

accumulate at compound interest, to be drawn when desired. The " Life Rate Endowmi nts" issued i.\ this com- 
panj have similar cash values guaranteed and mat are at ages 60, 65, 70, and 75. The actual e,,st of legitimate insur- 

in the Cnnert em t Mutual has averaged, during its entire history of fort) six years, as low, at I tast, as thai 

of an\ ,,ther company and its business is founded upon so conservative a basis, that it is likely to maintain its 
present relative position. This companj has issued over 200,000 policies upon residents of the United States and 

had on January I. 1892, solid assets to the amount ot $50,738,480, surplus ol $6,650, .and insurance in force to 

Me ii tut of 1155,043,055. It has managed its business at an average expense ol 8.56 per cent. 'The ( onnecticut 

Mutual is represented in Philadelphia i>y II. O. chapman. General Agent, with headquarters at Room \'o. 327, 
Drexel Building. 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



D1 




IQUITABLE LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY, Reginald L. Hart, Manager, No. 277 Bullitl Building.— 
The three generations of the American public mingliugin the mortal arena — the young man just 
across the threshold of the business world, the man in his prime who lias about gauged tin- extent ol 
his capacities, and the elderly man whose- increasing years ami lessening strength wain him thai 
life's daj lias a limit — all art- equally interested in the mightj problems involved in life insurance. 
This age finds the community largelj "in- of thoughtful, intelligent men, who have a full knowledge of the value 
ami benefit of Hie insurance, educated up to the duties inherent on them to protei I their families, but who hecome 

hew ildered as to which is the companj and scheme best adapted to meet their requirements, i >f all th mpanies 

whose methods and plans have been examined, the Equitable Life Assurance Society offers the most substantia] 
inducements. Duly incorporated in L859, it numbers among its directors the leading capitalists, philanthropists 
and business men of New York City, and is doing the largest business of any life insurance company in the United 
states, [ts Philadelphia office is eligibly located at N'o. ^77 Bullitt Building, and under the management of Mr. 
Reginald L. Hart, who is agent for the Philadelphia Metropolitan District. This societj issues policies on 
carefully selected lives for any amount between $1,000, and $100,000. The cheapest and simplest form of free 
tontine policy is on the " life plan." If you assure at the age of thirty-five the annual premium for a $10,000 
policy will be $271.00, and in the event of death at any time after the- deliver} ofthepolicy and the payment of 
your first premiumyour familj will receive $10,000. Under the old-fashioned policy, if your life is prolonged for 
many years, you would find the premium a burden during old age, but the free tontine policj provides that at 
t lie end of a term of years the policy may he returned to the society and its full value (including the entire reserve 
on the poliey) drawn in cash. .Moreover, the free tontine policy gives you a choice of no less than six «;i\s 
of arranging or settling your assurance, thus guaranteeing to every policy-holder a satisfactory adjustment, no 
matter how his circumstances may change from yea) to year alter his policy is issued. This poliey is unre- 
stricted alter one year, incontestable after one year, and guarantees a full share of the surplus earned, and. being 
issued by a society holding a larger surplus than any other assurance company, may be expected to shew lamer 
profits than the policies of any other company. The Indemnity Bond of this society forms a. secure and profitable 
investment combined with life assurance. This bond is backed by a surplus, over all liabilities, of $26,000,000; 
while the sueee>>, with which the business of this society has been conducted, its surplus earning power, and the 
profits paid in the past, indicate thai this bond will realize liberal profits. It may he purchased m easy install- 
ments, and at any time after three years may be exchanged for a paid up bond for an amount equal to the sum 
of the annual installments paid. At maturity the bond is either payable in cash or maj he extended. In the 
latter case it will hear interest annually from the date of its extension. . The annual statement of this society made 
December 31, 1891, shows total assets of $136,198,51S.3S; total paid policy-holders, $14,800,696.37; new assurance 
written in 1891, $233,118,331.00; total outstanding assurance. ssii4.S'.i4..V>7.<ki. These figures speak more elo- 
quently than words as to the condition of this society. Manager Hart is a recognized authority as to all matter.s 
pertaining to life insurance, and a gentleman of marked executive capacity and thorough reliability, with whom 
it is always a pleasure to do business. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



•trMBStvl'-OlMCK A VYKK. Manufacturers of Universal Milling Machines, Richards' Patent Open-side Planing 
i$*iSW& : ""' Shaping Machines, Special Tools for Railway Repair Shops, Portable and Stationarj < Winder 
Boring Machines, Universal Grinding Machines, Office and Works a1 Nos. 100] and 1003 Hamilton 
street., and Xos. iiki-j and Hint Bnttonwood Street.— ( >ne of the representative and most successful 
of the manufacturing establishments of Philadelphia is thai of .Messrs. Pedrick & Ayer, manufac- 
turers of Universal milling machines, Richards' Patent open-side planing and shaping machines, special tools foi 
railway repair simps, portable and stationary cylinder boring machines, Universal grinding machines, and other 
specialties, located at Xos. 1001 and 1008 Hamilton and Nos. 1002 and 1004 Button wood street. This firm estab- 
lished theii business here in 1856, and from small beginnings it has continued to groT\ at a rapid ratio, by reason 
,.t the superiority of the machinery and tools produced and the enterprise and skill displayed in the management. 
Their new and perfected plant comprises a mammoth brick structure, four stories high, fronting seventy-five feet 
.in Hamilton street and extending through the block 200 feet to Buttonwood street. The equipment of mai binery 

and tools is the best obtainable, and amide steam-power, fire-escapes, electric-lights and other i lent improve 

ments are provided, while steady employment is given to from 75 to 150 skilled bauds, according to the condition 
of business, the factory being operated both day and night. This linn have solved every problem connected with 
iron-working, milling, planing, shaping, and grinding machinery, and now offer a class of specialties that insure 
superior and accurate work and which are unequaled in many important respects. Their Universal milling 
machines have merits and advantages possessed by no other make, and their great strength and capacity, .is well 
as their adaptability to an almost endless variety of work, combine to make them superior in even way to any 
other Universal miller built. They are in satisfactory use by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, by the hmiaii 
and International Steamship Companies, by the Manhattan Elevated Railroad Company, the Northern Pacific Kail- 
road Company, and at the V. S. Navy Yard at Washington. I). ('.: also, by the T. C. Dill Machine Company, 
L. Power and Company, U. S. Mine Signal Manufacturing and Supply Company, Philadelphia Water Department 
Shops, Link Belt Engineering Company, Girard College, and elsewhere in Philadelphia, and throughout other 
parts of the world. Richards' patent open-side planer and shaper is a very superior machine, and is warranted in 
everyway in regard to efficiency, true working, rigidity and cutting power. It is used by such well-known Phila- 
delphia houses as those of Powers & Weightman. l'.arr Pumping Engine Company, (has. Scott Spring Co., 
Moore & White Company. Geo. V. Cresson. Riehle Bros.. S. I.. Allen & Company, and Steel. Van Rossum A 
Company: also at the United States Mint, and by Midvale Steel Company, Nice town: Herring Safe Company. New 
York City; -los. Clarkson & Sons, Baltimore. Md.: American Brake Company. St. Louis, Mo.: Karnes Vacuum 
Brake Company. Watertown, N. v.: Defiance Machine Works. Defiance, O.; Huntington & Broad Top Railroad 
Company, Saxton, Pa. These and other specialties of this firm are in use. not only in all parts of the United 
siai.s. but also in Canada. Japan, Russia, Mexico, Cuba, South America and the Sandwich Islands. The proprietors 

are recognized authorities on all details of manufacture in this line, while they have exceptional facilities at com 

m and for meeting promptly every requirement of their widespread and critical trade. The copartners, Messrs D. W- 
Pedrick and II. C. Aver, are both expert and practical machinists, members of the Manufacturers' Club, and popu- 
lar business men; while Mr. Aver is also president of the climax Cigar Bum hue Machine I onipany, and presi- 
dent "i the Mexican International Steamship Company. 



on opp> Sltl I 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



99 




i i 



i 



i 



* In , !. • 







(See article on opposite page.) 



1(111 



HISTORICAL AND COMMEIM'.hl. PHILADELPHIA. 



fe&?& 




| HE INTERNATIONAL NAVIGATION COMPANY. L'his company is too well known, both to Phil- 
adelpliians and strangers, to make anything more than a passing illusion necessary. \- .1 Philadel 
phia company, managed b) Philadelphia brains and representing Plriladelphia capital, its position is 
oneof which the community should be proud. The head offices of this company are at Nos. 30." lik 
307 Walnut Street, with branch offices at No. 6 Bowling Green, New fork, and No. 32 South Clarke 
Street, < 'hicago, 111. 

This company owns and controls, the luman Line, between New fork and Liver] I; the Red Star Line. 

between New fork, Philadelphia and Antwerp; and the American Line, between Philadelphia and Liverpool. 

The historj ol the companj is both interesting and instructive, Organized and managed bj its president, 
1 lement i. Griscom. it has from its infancy shown the spirit of energy and enterprise thai has at last given it the 
liuest Beet of steamers in the world. It is owing to Mr. Griscom's courage and keen foresight that the company 
deserted the old type of passenger ships and built the floating palaces " Cit) of Paris " and " City of New *i ork " 

Picture of the former we show on the opposite page. These 1 is an- tin- pioneers in a new era of shipbuilding 

Aside from the comfort and luxur) enjoyed bj the passengers of the boats, equaled by no hotel in Europe or 
America, the) contain many features, until their advent, new to shipbuilding. Although t\vin screws Nad been 

tried "ii small boats, it was not deemed possible to introduce them in a larg :ean-goiug steamer until the "( it) 

ol Paris " proved the success ol the experiment, which sin- has since emphasized bj making the wonderful trip 
from Europe to America in 5 days, l-l hours and 24 minutes, which lias never been approached by anj other steam 
ship. Her twin sister, the "City of Nev\ folk," also hold- the record for the fastest eastbound passage ever made, 

n days. 19 hours and 57 minutes. 

Probably the most striking feature in these ships is the fact that it is an impossibility to sink them. I'heii 
. onstruction is such that no matter what happens to them, they cannot sink, being divided both transversely and 
longitudinally into innumerable watertight compartments. 

The American Line from Philadelphia, with a sailing every Wednesday, offers to the public an unsurpassed 
freight service. With its usual enterprise, this company meditates increasing this service with large and fas! 
cargo boats, as much in advance of cargo boats ot the present day, as the " City ol Paris"and the " Cit) of New 
fork " surpassed the passenger hoats which preceded them 

■ENNSfLVANIA SALT MFG. CO., Manufacturing Chemists and Importers of Kryolith, No. 115 
Chestnut Street.— It would be practicall) impossible, outside of the limits of a special volume 
oi its own, to do an) thing like real justice to that colossal enterprise conducted by the Pennsylvania 
sail Mfg. Co., witli headquarters at No. 115 chestnut Street. Neither would any account of the 
varied industries of Philadelphia be complete without containing at hast some mention of the house, 
and for tin- reason the follow ing brief statement of the company's history and facilities must be taken in plan- ol 
what, we should prefer to be a complete history of the business. The company was chartered by the Legislature of 
Pennsylvania, September 25, 1850, and is now governed by the following gentlemen, who constitute the Board ol 
Directors, viz. : Theo. Armstrong, president ; Francis P Steel, vice-president : and .lames \V. McAllister, R. Dale Ben 
son Thos. W. Sparks, Jno. Story Jenks, and .1. Tatmill Lea, with Austin M. Purves, secretai) and treasurer; Philip 
\. Bour, general manager of Mercantile Department. The com pan) are the largest manufacturers in the world in 
their line, and their specialties include sulphuric arid, soda ash, caustic soda, sal soda, bi-carbonate of soda. 
saponifer or concentrated lye, Glauber's salt. alum, copperas, chloride of calcium, nitric and muriatic a cads, nitrate 

of lead. Epsom -alts, among man) othei < hemical com] ids. etc., besides metallurgy— copper, precious metals and 

iron, all produced at Natrona. The main works of the compaii) air located at Natrona, on the line of the Penn 

,ia railroad, about twenty-four miles from Pittsburg. In the works, mines and quarries there arc employed 

upwards of 1200 men. A branch of these works is located in this city, where acids, alum and. the famous Lewis 

jye are produced. This Lewis lye is powdered and perfumed, and packed in can- for family use. On account ol 

the great expense ol preparing soda com] nds by the old methods, this company in 1864 directed its attention to 

the importation of the mineral " Kryolith.'' which is composed of sodium aluminum and fluorine. It 1- found in 

iiand. and lies in a solid mass (S00 feel long, 200 feet wide and upwards of inn feet deep. For the purpose ol 

bringing this valuable mineral to this country, this com pan) run eight sailing vessels, fortified against ice and ably 

manned, between Greenland and Philadelphia, bringing thousands of tons of kryolith here every year. The great 

enterprise com! in -ted by this c pany on land and sea, in city and country, at home and abroad, employs the energies, 

directly and indirectly . oi 5000 people. Their Natrona « orks comprise over fifty acres under roof, the Philadelphia 

work- twenty-two acres. Then unequaled products are in pn ferential demand b) wholesale druggists, wholesale 

ers and manufacturers throughout the entire United state-. The largest orders are tilled with unexampled 

promptness, and the wants of the trade are ministered to with eminent satisfaction and success in all cases. The 

of this company, while talisman ic as regards the enormous development of America's commerce and industry, 

equally pleasing relations to the material and educational welfare of the people employed at their works and 

to the population ol the gn at centers where their business i- carried on. With t heir great connecting indus 

tries, securing to this communit) the preponderating influence in this branch of trade, this compan) forme the 

great leading factor in bringing i ir shores the most valuable mineral known for its special uses, and in sec urine to 

I '1 1 i la • I el phia the wealth and prosperity incident to being the manufacturing and purchasing centei for these useful 
compounds. 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



101 




Hr» 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



I NITED STATES CREDIT SYSTEM COMPANY, [incorporated 1888,] Guaranteeing igainst Excess 



Losses Arising From Bad Debts, Some Office, Newark, N. J., William A. Whittick, General Igeut 
foi Eastern Pennsylvania and Delaware, No. Ml Drexel Building.— Credit underlies the fabi 



' ftJ^M^J tin- coiiiirn'rcr of modem society. It is :i necessity and in its ] >tt >] >i- r sphere highly lntirtii-i.il. wl. 

ICw-J^a lilce everything else that is g I, liable to abuse — as evidenced bj the millions ol dollars annuall] 

lost by bad debts in this country. The best remedy and guarantee thai the merchant can avail himself of is thai 

afforded bj the United States ( radii System Company, whose I te office is in Newark, V J., with a branch 

in this .-in ;it the above address, under the management of Mr. William A. Whittick, as general agi tit foi Eastern 

Pennsylvania and Delaware. This «■ pauj guarantees against ex- 
cess losses, arising bj reason of bad debts, and under its system a mer- 
chant knows in advance thai if the worst should happen as to losses, be 
cannot lose more than he can well afford, and tins fact alone is suffi- 

rcient to induce him, upon sound business principles, to paj the small 
amount it costs to have that feeling of security that the guarantee fur- 
nishes. This company started in business in June, 1889, and has 
already done over thirty-three million dollars of business and issued 
certificates of guarantee against excess losses to importers, jobbers 
and manufacturers doing a business of at least three thousand mill- 
ions of dollars, [ts success is without parallel in the history of insur- 
ance or guarantee companies, its cash assets on Julj I, 1892, a unted 

to {519,445.86. H has paid in excess losses to that date $312,374.18. 
It has offices in Chicago, Boston, St. Louis, Baltimore, ( incinnati, San 
Francisco, New Orleans, Louisville, Memphis, St. Paul, Milwaukee and 
Detroit, and its ramifications extend to all parts of the Continent. The 
company holds letters from many leading firms oi the United States, 
testifying to the prompt and equitable settlement of claims for excess 
losses. The new building of the company in Newark is one of the hand- 
somest and best located structures in that city, lis officers are well- 
known citizens of New Jersey : — The Hon. William II. F. Fiedler, presi- 
dent, is ex-congressman and ex-mayor ol Newark: Hon. Gottfried Krueger, ^ ice-president, is president of the German 
Savings Bank; Fred M. Wheeler, the secretary, is a young man of conspicuous ability; and Hon. .Itilius Stapff, 
the treasurer, is cashier of the state Banking Company, of Newark. Its hoard of directors embraces names well 
known in Eastern business circles, such as Jerome Taylor, Esq., of Taylor- & Seeley, New York City, and Henry 

Untermeyer, of Keller A- Untermeyer, of New York City. The actuary of the < pany, L. Maybaum, Esq., is the 

main originator of this system, which is an enduring monument of his ingenuity and skill. The system of the 
company I its mean- of guarantee) is patented, and its various forms protected hy copyright. Its business in Phil- 
adelphia is of an important and influential character, as shown by its list of certificate holders, which includes 
many oi our largest and wealthiest mercantile and manufacturing concerns. Mr. Whittick, the manager in this 

city, is a native of Engl I, a resident of this country since 1868, and a gentleman of large business experience, 

wide acquaintance and high repute, eminent ly fitted for the successful direct ion of this responsible agency. 




W IIITTK'K 



HEID, Maker of Fine Cloth Hats ami Caps, No. 510 Market street. -This house has been established for over thirl 
and is to-day the largest in its line in the United States. The business was founded in 1861 bj Qoebel & Hei I, the second 
member of the firm being Mr. John M. Held, tlie father of the present proprietor. Tics firm was dissolved In 1880, and Mr 
Heid succeeded to the business, which he carried on until his death in 1886, when he was succeeded by his son, Mr. E Hel 

■ * the present proprietor, who lias Keen in the house since 1882. The premises occupied f"v business purposes lude the 

four neper il - of a flVe-story building, 25 x TO feet, and a t reight elevator for the delivery of g Is, The machinery, 

which Includes a large and thorough equipment, is run l>y steam-power, and employment i- given to ever one hundred work-people. Four 

traveling salesmen ar nployed, and the trade extends all over the United States Th icer anufactures fine - Is only, ana 

i exclusive designs. The most popular and stylish shapes in the now so fashionable cloth hats and caps worn in all parts of the 

country, are the invention and make of thi n hioh easily leads all the trade in the stj le as well as in the qualit] of its g Is, Mr 

E. Hel pi letor of tins thriving business, is one of the younger business men of Philadelphia. 




Unm 



SOMAS SHORE A SON, II" ind Pump Works, Mill and Cumberland Streets, Germantown Foi more than o 

quarter of a century the hosiery press and pump works of Thomas Shore S Son have t n In successful operation at the 

Ion. The establishment is oi f tl Idesl and leading concerns of the kind in this the city. The 

business was started In 1866 by the sei rm «l lucted II al up toaboul a year a rhen he 

I into partnership his son, Maurice Tasker Shore. The sho] I feel si met are. and equipped with ample 

■ ed machinery, appliances and teels. while eight to ten skilled hands are empl< >j ed in the works. Besides 

I pumps, the Messrs Shon ufacture all kinds of Iron railings, both in plain and artistic I don trine 

, nes for supplying boilers are built by them in the mosl superior manner, al short 
executed with skill and dispatch, jobbing being a specialty Ul work done Is warranted to be first 

class. Mr. Shore, the elder, Is an expert mechanical engineer and machinist ol nearl] hall I nturj - sp and bis sen. « I 

youiif,- i a thoroughly skilled mechanic, They make a specialtj of designing and buildii hinerj I del and trade, 

which is ver\ large, exti bout the Middle States 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA 



103 





ENGLISH & SONS. [Late Igneu S English,] 

Ladies' Cloaks. Suits and Furs, Seal Sacques, 

Wraps, and Dolmans. Fur Lined and Fin 

Trimmed Mantles. No. 1(130 Chestnut street, 
' Di tly Opposite Chestnut Streel opera 

House.— If the American ladies are the must 
neatlj and tastefully dressed of any in the world, as is conceded 
0\ all intelligent travelers and foreigners, it is in no small 
degree owing to the fact that those industries engaged in pro- 
ducing their garments have attained such a remarkably high 
degree of perfection as compared with almost any other branch 
of commercial industry. The wholesale manufacture and sale 

"I III,'-,' J is has hit,- 1 u eelltered 111 I'l I 1 1 .1 1 I r 1 1 . i I I J . 1 1 1 1 1 1 

of. the oldest as well asjlargest houses engaged therein, and which 
has been foremost in promoting the standard of elegance in 
dress, is that of Messrs. B. English & Sons, located at No. 1020 
Chestnut Street, directly opposite Chestnut Street Opera House. 
This firm are extensive manufacturers of ladies' cloaks, suits 
and furs, seal sacques. wraps and dolmans, fur lined and fur 
trimmed mantles, and maintain the highest of reputations in 
consequence of their high-class, artistic and fashionable produc- 
tions, and for honorable and reliable treatment of customers 
The premises occupied are admirably fitted up with special 
reference to both business and manufacturing purposes, and the 
main store is 25 x 335 feet in size, the floor of which is laid with 
700 yards of handsome carpeting, while all the arrangements 
and appointments are attractive and in good taste. The differ- 
ent departments embrace dressmaking, cloakmaking, tailoring 
and fvir manufacturing, all of which are ably managed, and in 
the seasnn some 150 skilled hands are employed therein. In the 
show rooms will be found at all times a full and complete assort- 
ment of everything in the line of ladies 1 cloaks, jackets, sacques, 
dolmans, and every kind of outside manufactured wrap, all of 
the very latest and most fashionable styles, which reveal the 
fact upon inspection that they are made of the very best pro- 
ductions of foreign and American looms, elegantly and suitably 
trimmed by the most skillful designers and workmen, while the finer grades are fully equal to the same class of goods made to order by 
ladies' tailors. The fur department is packed with every sort and sample of the furriers' art, including sealskin sacques and wraps enough 
to supply a battalion of beauty one thousand strong, all at prices which make an inquirer a purchaser every time; while furs of all kinds are 
promptly made to order The elaborate finish, the perfect cut and symmetry of all work emanating from this house is justly celebrated, 
and the management is inspired with the determination to excel and to give the best value of any furriers in America. The business of this 
house was founded in 1880, by Messrs. Win. Agnew and B. English, as Agnew & English, and in 1880, Mr. B. English succeeded to the sole 
control, the present firm being organized in 1889, by the admission of Messrs. J. W. and F. W. English to partnership. The honored senior 
partner was born in England, and came to this city in 1st; : while the sons are Philadelphians by birth, trained in the business from their 
early youth, and members of the Union League Club, the Schuylkill Navy, the West Philadelphia Boat Club and other organizations. This 
firm have their permanent customers in Japan, in Asia, in France, in Canada and other parts of the globe, while shipping regularly to all 
sections of the United States, and are eminently popular with their host of patrons botli at home and abroad. 




C. SCATTAGLIA & CO.. Artists and Decorative Painters; Studio: No. 1030 Chestnut Street.— One of the foremost representa- 
tives of the art decorative in this country is Mr. L. C. Scattaglia, trading under the name of L. C. Scattaglia & Co.. who has 
had thirty years' experience in his profession, in Europe and this country, and for six years was a student at the Academy 
of Fine Arts, at Venice. He came to the United States nineteen years ago, landing at New York, where he remained some 
1 time, afterward removing to Baltimore, and for the past thirteen years he has lived in Philadelphia. Mr. Scattaglia is an 
artist and decorative painter, executes fresco painting in all its branches, and makes a leading specialty of Catholic church 
decorations, altar pieces, emblematical and allegorical characters and figures of the highest order. He has performed much notable work 
in various parts of the country, his efforts being marked with artistic excellence of the highest order of merit. Among other work done by 
him the following may be mentioned:— Cathedral, Philadelphia; Cathedral, Scranton, Pa.; St Ann's Church, East Lehigh Avenue, Phila.; 
St. Augustine's Church. Fourth Street, above Race, Phila.; St. Malachi's Church, Eleventh Street, above Master, Phila.; St. Agatha's Church. 
Tin n 3 eighth and Spring Garden Streets, Phila.; St James' Church, Thirty-eighth and Chestnut Streets, Phila.; Church of St. Philip Neri, 
Queen and Second Streets. Phila.; church of the Sacred Heart. Third and Reed Streets, Phila.: Church of the Annunciation, Tenth and 
Dickerson sn-e.-N, Phila : St John's Church. Thirteenth Street, above Chestnut. Phila.: St. John's Church, Baltimore. Md.; St. Paul's 
Church, Wilmington, Del.: St. Augustine Church. Washington. D. C ; St. Mary's Church, Wilmington, Del.; St. Joachim's Church, Frank- 
ford. Pa.; St Thomas d'Aquinn Church, Archibald, Pa.; St Mary's church, Dunmore. Pa.: St. Mary's Church. Lancaster, Pa.; Senate 
Chamber, Harrisburg. Pa. ; St. Patrick's Church. Hyde Park. Scranton. Pa.; St. Mary's Church. Wilkesbarre, Pa. ; St. Patrick's Church 

Pwei in ami Locust streets. Phila.; St. Joseph's Church, below Fourth and Walnut Streets. Phila.; Sacred Heart of Jesus Chapel. Cone 

wago, MacSherystown; Chapel at Si. Josephs Hospital, Philadelphia, Chapel at St. Agnes' Hospital, Philadelphia; Chapel at Sacred Heart 
Convent. Eighteenth and Arch Streets. Phila.: Cathedral Chapel. Philadelphia; Chapel at Seminary, Overbrook, Pa.; Chapel at Convent of 
Good Shepherd. Philadelphia; Chapel at Sisters of Mercy Convent. Philadelphia; Chapel at St. Ann's Academy, Philadelphia; St Patrick's 
i 'Lapel. Hyde Park. Scranton, Pa. : Church of the Assumption, Twelfth and Spring Garden Streets, Phila.; Church of the Visitation. Front 
and Lehigh Avenue. Phila.: St. Aloysius Church. Pottstown, Pa.: St. Paul's Church. Tenth and Christian Streets, Phila.; St. Bridget's 
i ihureh, t teveland, O. ; etc. Mr. Scattaglia is prepared to furnish estimates at shortest notice for work of all kinds in his line, and in even 
instance where his services are engaged the most satisfactory results may he expected. 



LOJ 



HISTORICAL AND C -.\i \\ L l<C i A L P II 1 1. A 1 ) E L P H I \ . 



DUNLAP& CO., Hats. No 914 Chestnut Street, Branch of Fifth Avenue, Ne« York, inesl 
ment which la hut.' than national fame for the eleganoi reductions, la thai oj 

ft, Dunlap& Co., manufacturers "i gentlemen's hats, whose headquarters are in v-w Y- i 
who have bi ies in all parts of the United States. This business was es- 

tablished in New York thirty-five years ago, and through the uniform superioritj of the 

output, the demand for the firm's goods has steadily increased from ti utset, R Dunlapd 

tcture everything in the way of ha1 
imeres, soft ami suit felt and straw goods. The retail stores are at Nos 178 180 Fifth 

Avenue, New York; No. 181 Broadwaj New York; Pal r House, Nos 171 178 State Street, 

Chicago; No. 9M Chestnut Street, this city. The branch in thi pe I twelve 

and is e, m, in, i-'il under the m ins i me i Mr \ II Lamson, who has been with tin- 

iii-m for ii*-- years Mi Lamson is a native of Michigan, and is i po] ularrj known business 

man. who posst — , rou Ii knowledge of the trade in which he is engaged. The ston 85 ■■ 185 I ares 

fitted up, :m, I ii contains a large, complete st,,ei< of the famed Dunlap hats also imported silk and fi II lial - also a I line "i una. 

intsare employed, and all customers are waited upon promptly and cour i i> 




g©psi aoigOTs® 




B SHEPPARD .\ SONS, Curtains. Linens, Flannels i Emb Ladies Underwear, Infants' Outfits, No 

1008 Chestnut Streel Philadelphia can point with pardonable pridi tothi i it emporium of J B. Sheppard .S Sons, at No. 

lOOSChestnul Street, as a representative ana ol what the dryg Is ti i i I der the stimulating 

■ is ,a distinguished enterprise, busine of the highest order, ami unremitting energj ami industry. This is the 

i ami best-known dry goods house in Pennsylvania. It was founded in 1850, by Messrs SheppardA Van Martin 
who were succeeded by Messrs. Sheppard a Arrison, and in 1888 the presenl style was adopted. For fortj years the 

bi tarried on upon the present site, and steady enlargement has characterized ;i"- operations in all departments. The build 

ii 1 '-nine for trade purposes contains five floors and a basement, 80 \ 335 feel each, in which everj modern iinprovemenl lias been 

ir the comfort and convenien f patrons. Thisisoneol the few establishments in the citj that is complete in all the various 

departments "1" <lr\ goods, ladies and children's furnishings, curtains, upholstery, flannels and blankets, linens, embroideries ami infants' 
ontiiis This lions, been headquarters tor muslin ami lace curtains, Nottingham^, Brussels, Cluny, Irish point, antique, renais 
pular st\ les: also portieres, including sill,- sheila ami figured double-faced velours; I Jhina si designs 

and col iringg, made expressly for mantel draperies. I kcases, bed canopies, screen pan, 'Is ami sash curtains, upholster} g is and trim- 
mings, fringes, cords, tassels and simps. In linens this firm show everything in bli satin damask en an lamask, 
ii i'i.. ic ed napkins, fringed lunch cloths, doilies, tray cloths, carving cloths, Turkey red damask fancj tablii 

eting, pillow-case h xumb cloths, damask towels, stair linens and crashes l" ladies' underweai and infants' outfits 

. has i n i"" n ■ fashionable for tins firm t" import ami display. So, i"". as regards blankets and flannels, laces ami eml 

eries and han ken TI stablishmenl isoneof thebusiesl in its line in the city, its counters being ih »ed dailj bj the leaders of 

fashion, and from 100 to 150 hands find employment hare Each department is nplete within itself under an expert manager. Tins house 

,• ma a, is the direct pal a e not onlj of the people of Philadelphia and the surrounding cities and towns, but its mail 01 lei department 

affords a ready means for ) pie in all parts of the country to satisfy their wants. The fame of Hie house is so familiar to the general public 

imment on our part would be superfluous. The proprietors, Messrs. A. M., E L., W. B. and J. B. Sheppard, Jr., are sons of the 
niier of Hie original linn, and were trained m the business Irani their early youth. Mr. A. M. Sheppard, is a director "i 
National Hank, ami all the partners stand deservedly high in the i menial financial ami social world. 



tmm 







IK CHAPMAN DECORATIVE COMPANY, i Limited), No. 1832 Chestnut Streel There is no firm in their line in Philadelphia 
more widely or more favorably known than The Chapman Decoral ive Company, (Limited). No. 1322 Chestnut Street, and thej 
Cully sustain their reputation The house is ;i leading and ;i thoroughly reliable one, and lias ;t very Large and high-class 

patronage, Ir was established in 1881 by Joseph Chapman, wh lucted the business nun I 1889, when the present lira 

partnership was fori I Mr R, ■). Chapman, president; Mr. J, K Huneker; vice-president, and Mr l .1 Torch iann 

treasurer, are all gentlemen in the prime of life am l natives of thiscitj Thej are all men of energy and enterprise, ol 

thorough business experience, and are subscribers to the " Bourse ' Thej occupy the h hole of the four-storj and basemenl building, at 

itnut Streel and three floors at No 1318, and have a four-story structure also ;ii No 1308 Drurj Street used for manufacturing 

purposes, etc The various departments arewell ordered and thoroughly equipped, and from 125 t-- 150 hands are employed The 

warerooms are spacious, commodious and handsomely appointed, and an exceedingly fine stock can alwaj s be found here. Including antique 

and modern furniture, In unique design and of exquisite workmanship; rich and beautiful effects ■ terior hard-w 1 decorations, screens, 

mantels, etc , superb mirrors, stands and cabinets, artistic wall paper, borders, dados and kindred articles, also elegant draperies, curtains 

hangings and artsb .d glass All g Is sold by the Chapman Decorative Company, Limited.) are fully warranted, and purchasers are assured 

ting the verj latest styles and newest effects in this establishment, and court s attention and satisfactory treatment, Plaii 

hi 1 1 )>a infills frescoing and n iii nil art decorating generally are done in the most superior manner, and furniture is made t«. order In 
.ins desired design, at short notice. All work executed is guaranteed to be strictly flrsi class, and all orders receive Immediate attention, 
while the prlo I by this Arm are of the most reasonable character. This firm, through their superior and artistic designs, were suc- 

cessful in securing the decorations of the Pennsylvania State Building at the Columbian Fair, < Iricago 



f 3 * 11 



; VV. MYERS & CO. Stock Brokers, No 114 Custom House Streel die stock brokerage establishment ol rheo vt Myers 

one ol the si prominent of the kind in the United States,and since its it ption, a quarterol t nturj 

career shews , ui, ntin I and unbroken reddrdtrf g i fortune, achieved upon a basis ol honorable dealing, Thi 

quarters ar i New Street, New York, the Philadelphia office at No. in Custom II "use Street, in the basemenl of the Drezel 

Building, and the firm has correspondents in all the principal cities ol the country. The Arm holds membership in the New 

York Stock Exchange, and the I Ihicago Heard ol Trade The head of the I Be, Mr The,, w Myers, is i 'omptroller of the 

New York, elected to that position at the last election held in the metropolis. Mr Myers is a capitalist who holds an Interest In semes 

ts 01 f New York's leading citizen Hce in this cltj was opened fifteen ft 

first been conducted under the management ol Mr. Eugene Harvey Mr llama Is a Cincinnatian bj birth, and has resided in 

Philadelphia the past twenty years, during which period he has become very popularly known in tl mmunity, The firm luct a general 

busine immission basis; have private wires to New York, tins city, and Chicago, and buy and sell bonds 

nnd stocks for cash, 01 targin. All facilities are possessed for the prompt 'ran mere have their inl 

promoted in n eful ana Intelli renl manner 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



LOo 




|UBUR<i M VNI T KA<*TTKIN<; COMPANY, Manufactu 
ers and Jobbers : Bicycles, Children's Fine < Jai riages, 
Adjustable Reclining Chairs, Invalid Appliances and 

[Wheel Chairs, Safety Bicycles, Tricycles. Eti Office 
mil Library Desks, Refrigerators and Ice Chests, 

'Folding and Combination Beds, Fancj ' Jhairs, Rockers. 
Etc . Etc . Office and Salesrooms Nos. 321, 323, 825 North I 
si reet, Shipping and Receiving Department, Nos. 324 and 326 Franklin 
Street.— It is now but a dozen years or so since the Luburg Manu- 
facturing Company was organized in this city, yet these few years 
have made their name as familial' to city people ami country folk as 
Shakespeare and Robinson Crusoe. From small beginnings, the 
manageraenl has, by energy and push, placed a comparatively new 
industry upon a basis firm and permanent. The company arc man- 
ufacturers Of children's fine carriages, safely bicycles and tricycles, 
the Luburg improved adjustable reclining chair, invalid appli 
ances and wheel chairs, office and library desks, sanitary commode 
Chairs, folding anil combination beds, refrigerators and ice chests, 
i in. \ chairs, rockers and kindred specialties. Their main office and 
salesrooms are located al Nos. 321, 323 and 325 North Eighth Street, 
wiiii shipping and receiving department at Nos. 324 and 326 Frank- 
lin Street, The company was incorporated in 1880, with a ca] ital 
of $150,000, and is officered and managed by v*- E. Luburg as presi- 
dent ; A, .1. Luburg as secretary and treasurer. To these gentle- 
men is due the remarkable success of an enterprise which started 
out on a comparatively unknown sea of American manufacture, 
They have held the business tiller with firm and steady grasp, until 
they have not only steered the young ship into still waters, mil have 
covered it with the iron-plates of certainty and success. They oc- 
cupy a new six-story building, fronting on North Eighth and ex- 
tending back 300 feel to Franklin Street, divided into manufacturing 
and ales departments and finely finished throughout in polished 
oak. and perfect in convenience of arrangement for rapid produc- 
tion and the traiisaetii.n of business upon a large scale. The riding 
ofbicylesis steadily growing more popular among business men. 
for It furnishes a rapid means of conveyance, and gives a pleasure 
and exhilaration which only the wheelman can realize and no words 
can describe. The safety bicycles made by this pan] are beau- 
tiful machines, in the construction of which have been been placed 
all the skill and experience attainable. It is light, easy-running, 
stanch, swift, safe and durable. The fine workmanship and excel- 
lent materials used, have made this wheel the finest in the world, 
and its name is fast becoming a household word. From ocean to 
ocean and over the ocean its fame has spread, and shipments are 
now made regularly to England, Australia. South America, Mexico 
I lanada, l Ihina and other foreign lands. In children's carriages this 
of new designs and popular styles in this line is one of the attractions of this great emporium, and is admired by hosts of visitors dailj 
The Jjiibm-g improved adjustable reclining chair has fifty changes of position and is unequalled in utility, convenience comfort and ele- 
gance \ complete line of appliances is here shown for the sick-room, each article possessing some merit peculiarly its own. All the spe- 
cialties of this enterprising company are fully warranted, and distance competition as regards both qualitj and price. Thej are supplied to 
the trade ill this country and in foreign lands in quantities to suit at the shortest possible notice, and wherever introduced they practically 
supplant all similar productions by reason of their great salaluht v and unapproachable merits. 

jEXTER BROTHERS, Manufacturers of Summer I ilothing Exclusively, No. 675 Broadway, New York ; Nos JS2 and -134 Market 
Street.— In all branches of business the specialties are coming to the front. This is as true of the clothing trade as of other 
commercial pursuits, and a particularly striking illustration of this is the success which has been met with by the well-known 
firm of Hexter Brothers. This firm, whose reputation is not excelled by any house in the clothing business in Philadelphia, 
was established on January 1, 1884, by Messrs. Alexander and Samuel Hexter. These two enterprising gentlemen saw in the 
clothing trade an opportunity for the development of a special field, and that field was the manufacture of summer clothing. 
They devoted themselves especially to this field, with the result that they were crowned with success from (lie star! and they have continued in 
their special field with such intelligently directed enterprise that they have long honored a commanding position in the trade. Mr. Alexander 
Hexter died m November, 1890, and the business has since been conducted by Mr. Samuel Hexter alone under the old tirm-name.a name which 
had become so well known that it is in fact a trade-mark, certifying Unit the goo, is sent out under it are in every way as represented and are 
not excelled by any manufactured. This is a high guarantee, because of all the branches of the clothing trade the requirements of summer 
clothing are more exacting. The style, quality, out and fit of summer clothing are more carefully looked after by pure] users than those of 
garments worn at other seasons of the year. There is a greater variety of style and of fabrics, and to gain and hold a commanding position 
in the manufacture of summer clothing indicates a fertility of resource, and a persistent enterprise, together with an intuitive knowledge oi 
what will best meet tin- popular taste. All these qualities are possessed to a high degree by this house and have contributed to its success 
The business occupies commodious quarters, which are in themselves indicative of the magnitude of the enterprise. The main building at 
No-. 132 and 434 Market Street is a five-story structure, iOx 120 feet, Even this great building is not large enough to afford room to 
handle the immense stock and the five upper floors at the corn) r of Fifth and Market Streets are also occupied. These arc each 18 x I * h » feel 
Inside and outside these premises the force employed numbers 600 people. Eight traveling salesmen are employed and the trade of the 
house covers the entire country. The New York headquarter- are ;i i No, 675 Broadway. Mr. Hexter was born In Minersville, Schuylkill 
< lounty. Pa., and is an honored resident of Philadelphia. 







LOO HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

iEORGJ P. CONNER, Continental Pharmacy, Ni i Oi ( the most extensive retail drug and pre* 

entire city oi Philadelphia is thai luctod i,y Mr. Ilfniw I'. ("inwr. ]..r.n«i al th< 'ner of Ninth and 

Chestnut Streets, under the Continental Hotel This well-known establishment— which is open day and nighl everj day In the 
week was flrsi opene 1 in I s "." by Mr. A. L. Helmbold, and came into the hands of the present prop 

having been for twentj yearswiththe houseandfor the last fifteen its manager. lu addition to dispensing absolutely pure, 
fresh and < chemicals, medicines and famil] remi dies, the pharmacy isextensivel] patronized bj private residents 

and otliers for the full M f high-grade pharmaceutical compounds, tinctures, cures and other first-class i roprietarj artit . is thai are made 

and i mm up on the premises, an g them being the popular I ki:m I \\ I i iINl I ' n: for softening the skin, pr tin 

i,,ih iplexion, Ladies consider CREME ANTOINETTE Antoinette an indispensable auxiliary toilel and bath, acting as a 

ind styptic to the skin, im] velvety condition which i therpreparal has ever done. Itisenl etableprepai 

lining no mineral or poisonous substances. It prevents the ravages ol oldagi and keeps the skin fresh i looming with radlanl 

. . prevents wrinkles; the Grecian and Roman ladies used such philters ol beauty, hence the rhapsodies of poets and authors 

as to their plexion. 11 allays instantly the smarting caused by sunburn and cures chapped bands. Tins valuable creme is prepared onrj 

bj Mr. George P. i lonner, and is a general favorite wherever once introduced. This pharmacy is held in especially high repute for tht 
ulous caret] i observed in the preparation of physicians' prescriptions and miscellaneous recipes, popular prices prevailing in each 

tment. Thepharmac] itself is oi t the handsomest In this city of pharmacies; the floor is laid with marble and mosaic til 

counters are marble and general fixtures are of a rich hard « I, and a conspicuous ornament of the whole is the soda fountain, pul in al 

a cosl of $3,000. Ten dulj qualified assistants are in regular attendance upon customers, and the heavy and carefull] selected stock carried 
includes everj possible requisite for the systematic conduct of a large drug, prescription and family trade. Mr. Conner is a nal 

Philadelphia, where he has resided all his life, and where he is esteemed n nly as a citizen of solid worth but an ace iplished and skilled 

pharmacist and honorable business man. 

ILSON BROTHERS cS CO., Civil Engineers, Architects and Consulting Engineers, Drexel Building, R n No 1086.— With the 

\a~t Increase of population, refinement and wealth in the United stairs, there has arisen not onlj a growing demand for the 
blending of the artistic and the beautiful with the utilitarian in modern architecture, but likewise a need for professional ser- 

v s disci unected from and independent of the business of building or contracting Tins need and d and is mel to the 

fullest extent in this city by the eminent civil engineers, architects and consulting engineers, Messrs. Wilson Brothers & Co., 

wh eupj eligible office u,uarters in the Drexel Building. This firm are neither builders nor contractors, bul acl strictly In 

a professional capacity. Having a large staff of assistants trained in their respective specialties, thej are prepared to design and superintend 

the executi t any kind of engineering and architectural work. The firm originally began business here on the firsl of January, 1876, 

while pr.N ious to thai time the copartners had been engaged for over fifteen years in the active practice of their professions, in the service 
ol leading railroad companies Tie- linn was reorganized in 1888. and is now comprised oi the following partners, to wil John A Wilson, 
civil engineer; Joseph M. Wilson, civil engineer and architect: Henry W. Wilson, civil engineer clinics c; Darrach, civil and hydraulic 
engineer; Henry A. Macomb, architect. Mr. John A. Wilson graduated as civil engineer at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troj N."5 . 

in 1856. and in IS", 7 he was appointed topographer, under Mr. John C. Traut wine, on surveys in Central America for the Honduras Intel Ocea 

Railway . In 1858 he entered the service of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, as assistant engineer, be ling principal assistant engineel 

n I860 chief engineer ,,i the Junction Railroad in Philadelphia in 1861, chief engineer of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, less,-,, of the 
Philadelphia & Erie Railroad, in 1864; chief engineer of maintenance of way on the mam line in 1868, and, from 1870 to 75. was chiel engi- 
neer in charge oi construction of the Low I Irade Division of the Allegheny Valley Railroad, and ol branch roads for the Pennsylvania Rail- 
r.,ad i ■oiupany Mr. Joseph M Wilson graduated from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institutein 1858, and, after a special course ol studj for 
two years in analytical chemistry, entered the service of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, as assistant engineer, In I860. In isti) he 
became resident engineer on the Middle Division of the Pennsylvania Kail road, and in 1866 was appointed principal assistant engineer on the 
main line of the road in special charge of bridges. The title of his posit was afterwards changed to that of engineer of bridges and build- 
ings, which position he has held continuously to the present time He was connected with the designing and construction of the most 
important buildings of the ( lentennial Exposition, in 1876, an has made two visits to Europe, where he made a special stud] "I hospital and 
prison construction, railway stations, bridges, etc. All the members of this firm have had long and thorough training in all the various 
details of then- profession, ami have become eminent in its practic i They are prepared n> make survej s for railroads, and to furnish plans 

and specifications for roofs, railway and highway bridges, railway stations, machine-shops, engine-! ses, factories, private duellings. 

churches, stores, offices, prisons, hospitals and other public institutions, water works, sewerage systems, wharves, piers, and all classes of 

engineerii and trchitectural work, while construct] f work is promptly attended to. and exam mat ions arc made of railway, minii 

other properties Then designs have become widely and justly celebrated, and then- fame rests upon a long and successful career During 

the years of their practice here, the] have been largely engaged in designing and supervising the ereel I the mosl advanced classes of 

public and private buildings, among which are hotels, hospitals, churches, scl Is private mansions, summer homes, vil tges in 

this and other 1 1 ..)., iiitan centers and fashionable resorts of the country. It is needless to particularize in regard to the work of such a 

nationally famous firm as Is this, but it is of interest to note anion. ■ ti mi creations in this city such magnificent specimens of architecture as 
the Times Building, Edison Electric Light Company Building, Trust Company of North America Building, the Drexel Building, the Drexel 

Institute, Philadelphia & Reading Terminal Railroad Station, Pennsylvania Railroad Sti nsal Broad Street, at Thirty-second and Market 

Streets, al Centennial Gr ids, al Girard Avenue, and at Fifty-se id street ; . iffl if La Id win Locomotive Works. St. Audrev, 's Protestant 

Episcopal Church, New Count] Prison, Presbyterian Hospital, Germantown Dispensary Hospital Educational Home. Pennsylvania Indus- 
trial Home for Blind Women: and residences for B. K. Jamison. Esq Hon John Scott. Jos |i p.. Its. J J. Martin. Thomas W. Sparks, 
h i id, i u ii Wilson F. G. Thorn, Edward H.Williams. TheodoreC. Engel, Thos. B. Shrivel and man] others; likewise, the 
state Hospital for the Insane, Norristown, Pa.; state industrial Reformatory, Huntingdon, Pa.; Astronomical Observator] for I . S Military 
Academy, West Point, V \ ; Trinitj Protestant Episcopal church. Willlamsport, I 'a ; Seaside Memorial Chapel, Beach Haven, N. J : German 
Reformed Church litoona Pa Baptist Church, Raleigh, V C. : Protestant Episcopal Church, Goldsboro N C.;Bryn Mawr Hotel, Bryn 

Mawr, Pa.; Renovo Hotel ;TheMom Souse Cresson Springs Pa.;TbeSagi re. Lake G Re N 5 The Baldwin Beach 

Haven, s .1 . among other prominent structures throughout the country The firm have also done much mi port ant worl leslgnlng rall- 

wav stations for the Pennsylvania, the New Jersey Central, the PI S Trenton the Northern Central the Philadelphia t 

leghen] Valley, the Baltimore .\ Potomac, the Belvidere Delaware, the Philadelphia .v. 1 Branch, the Cumberland Vallej the 

New Fork. West Shore & Buffalo, and other railroads; also, passenger stations for the New York Elevated Railway, and many machine. 

for the leading railroads of the i ntry. In the building ol railroad bridges 'ins firm stands without a 

irds highway bridges they ar piall] They are also largely engaged In electriclight work, bollei I 

electric light in all its branches. They attend faithfully to all details, their plans are carefully studied and well digested, and 

they are fully prepared to design and supervise the erection of any building, nol only promptly, bul with thai Intelligent apprehens i 

design which has ever caused i heir efforts to be so highly appreciated. 





HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. L(H 

f\I< 'N CENTRAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY, ol Cincinnati, Ohio, J, W. Woods, Agent, Drexel Building.— The Union Central 
Life Insurance Company, of Cincinnati, Ohio, "'as incorporated in (867, and is represented in Philadelphia by Mr. J. W. 
w oods, as general agenl for the New England and Middle States, Maryland and the District of t !olumbia, with headquarters 
in the Drexel Building. This gentleman has hern at the head of the agenc5 here since 1885, and for fifteen years previously 
was agent for the company for the State of Pennsylvania. Under his expert and enterprising guidance, the affairs of the 
company are steadily prospering in tins important territory. Among the elements that have contributed to the substantia] 
growth of the Union Central and to its increasing favor among insurers, are its liberal contracts and generous dealing with policy-holders. 
together with the issuance of all safe and desirable forms of policies. The fact that large accessions are being made to its business without 
resorl to other than the most Legitimate measures is conclusive evidence of the high estimation in which this stanch and ably-man i red 
institution is regarded by the public, and proves that prudent and far-seeing men are becoming more and more generally convinced that 
insurance in such a company as the Union Central affords not only the safest, but also one of the most profitable, investments that can be 
made. This company lias a cash capital -'['$100,000, while its assets at the close of the year 1891 amounted to $8,003,822.04. It issues endow- 
ment policies at life rates and all non-forfeitable and liberal forms of policies, while there is no investment safer, surer or more desirable and 
profitable than a ten, fifteen or twenty annual payment life rate endowment policy in this company, which its officers and agents confidently 
submit to the careful examination of all moneyed men. The officers of this company are among Cincinnati's best-known citizens and lead- 
ing business men, whose names are a tower of strength to any undertaking with which they may be identified. The list is as follows, viz.: 
John M. Pattison, president; R. S. Rust, vice-president; E. P. Marshall, secretary; J. R. Clark, treasurer; W. L. Davis, cashier; Wm. B. 
Davis. M. D., medical director; C. W. Davis, M. D., assistant medical director; Ramsey, Maxwell & Ramsey, counsel: Directors, John M. 
Pattison. president Union Central Life Insurance Company; Win. B. Davis, M. D., Cincinnati; Prof. W. (i. Williams. LL.D., < mio Wesleyan 
University. Delaware, O.; Wm. M. Ramsey, Ramsey, Maxwell & Ramsey, Cincinnati; Richard Dymond, of William Glenn & Sons, Cincin- 
nati: R. S. Rust, LL.D, vice-president Union Central Life Insurance Company; J. R. Clark, treasurer Union Central Life Insurance Com- 
pany: Peter Murphy, banker, Hamilton, O.; E. P. Marshall, secretary Union Central Life Insurance Company: A. J. Sage. D. D., Cincinnati; 
Sanford Hunt. D. D., agent Methodist Book Concern, New York. Mr. Woods, the agent here, was born in Cumberland Valley, and is a life 
resident of this city and a gentleman whose statements and representations are always thoroughly reliable. 

T. JACKSON & CO., Real Estate Brokers, No. 711 Walnut Street.— Among the firms identified with the extensive business 
transacted in Philadelphia in real estate and loans, there is none more favorably known than that of J. T. Jackson & Co., 
which firm has been actively engaged in business for the past sixteen years as real estate brokers, buying and selling on com- 
mission. They have spacious and well-appointed offices on the first floor of the building No. 711 Walnut Street, where they 
transact a general real estate business, looking after details with efficiency and rendering experienced service in connection 
with i he purchase, sale or renting of real estate, takng the entire charge of property for residents and non-residents, owners 
and estates: securing desirable tenants, collecting rents and interest, and makinga leading specialty of the negotiation of mortgage loans, for 
which department of this business their connections and facilities are specially advantageous. The firm has acted as brokers in many of the 
largest deals on Chestnut and Market Streets within the past few years. They have on hand at all times for sale or lease, desirable lots and 
tracts, improved and unimproved, in the city and suburbs, and they make a prominent specialty of Lawn ton. Oak Lane. ( 'belt en Park. Melrose 
Ogontz. and Jenkinlown building lots, being agents for these subdivisions, which contain several hundred acres, located along the I* &, K. 
R. R. Mr. Jackson, who is now the sole proprietor of the business, is a native of Chester County, Penn., and is himself the owner of largw 
real estate interests. The business was established sixteen years ago by him and the present style was assumed in 11SH4 on taking in a partner. 
The partnership expiring by limitation the title is still retained. Besides their business as above, they are general agents for the American 
Security and Trust Company of Washington D. C. capital $1,250,000 full paid, also for the International Loan and Trust Company of Kansas 
City, Mo., capital $1,000,000 full paid, and sell largely of their guaranteed first mortgages and interest bearing bonds in this market. Mr. 
Jackson is at all times prepared to offer attractive inducements to those desiring to invest in real estate and real estate securities, and his 
long experience, wide acquaintance, and efficient personal attention, has added steadily to the volume of his patronage and has secured for 
him a prominent place among the real estate brokers of this city. 

^AMBRIA IRON COMPANY. Powell Stackhouse, President ; W. S. Robinson, Secretary and Treasurer ; John Pulton, General 
Manager, Offices No. 21* South Fourth Street.— The wonderful development of American manufacturing interests lias attracted 
the attention of the entire civilized world, and tlie State of Pennsylvania has great cause for congratulation that she is the 
principal center of the iron and steel industry of the nation. The natural advantages of this State are unequaled lor securing 
j to manufacturers the utmost facilities, while the liberal investment of capital is noticeable in the many extensive and magnifi- 
cently equipped works all through the State, which are eligibly located for receiving the necessary materials, coal and iron 
ores. The representative and most progressive corporation in the iron and steel industry is recognized to be the Cambria Iron Company, 
whose offices are located at No. 218 South Fourth Street. This company was organized in 1852, with an authorized capital of $5,000,000, and 
operate at Johnstown. Pa. The works are equipped with thirteen Siemens furnaces, twenty-nine reverberating heating furnaces, one 24- 
ineh two-set and one 21-inch three-set rail mill, two 21-inch three-set liar mills, one 12-inch four-set splice bar mill, one 16-inch three-set mer- 
chant mill, one 22 inch four-set puddle mill, one ten-set rod train, one 48-inch and one 10 inch blowing mill, making a total of thirty-four sets. 
The steel works were originally built in 1871, and have two 11 £ ton converters, with a capacity of 325,000 net tons ingots and two additional con- 
verters are nearly completed ; three 20-ton open hearth furnaces and one 15-ton Krupp washer, with a capacity of 30,000 tons ingots. In the 
manufacture of steel rails this company has long held a leading position m the United States. The heavy importations of steel rails from Great 
Britain were greatly reduced through the energy and enterprise of this corporation, whose steel rails are fully equal in quality, strength 
and reliability to those of the most eminent foreign manufacturers. Tim tracks of many of the principal railroads of the United States have 
been laid wholly or in part with rails of this company's manufacture, and the works have a capacity of 225,000 tons of steel rails, besides 
100,000 tons of steel in ntlu-r shapes. At their Gautier steel department, originally built in 1878 and rebuilt in 1880, they have seven rever- 
beratory beating furnaces, six train rolls and a full complement of other machinery, and produce merchant bar steel of all sizes for all pur- 
poses, making a specialty of tire, spring tuyere liars, etc.. and producing 75,000 tons per year. The works of this department are now being 
very extensively enlarged. This company also operate six blast furnaces, which are supplied with ores from Michigan and which have a 
productive capacity of 350,000 tons of Bessemer pig and Spiegeleiser iron per year. The processes by which the manufacture of these spe- 
cialties are conducted in the mills of this company are of the most perfect character, while the utmost care is exercised by the officers and 
managers to maintain the highest standard of excellence, so thai the company's pri bluets are in heavy and constantly increasing demand in 
all parts of the country. The officers of the * lambda Iron Company are as follows, viz : Powell Stackhouse, president : Jim, W. Townsend, 
vice-president; -I Lowber Welsh, second vice-president: Wm. S. Robinson, secretary and treasurer; Harvey Ellis, assistant treasurer; 
A. P. Robinson, assistant secretary ; (' S Price, general manager; Cyrus Elder, solicitor ami general agent ; Fred. Krebs, superintendent 

Gautier steel department. These gentlemen are well and widely known as experienced iron and steel manufacturers, whose com tion 

with the Cambria lion Company ^ives ir a leading position witli the largest manufacturing corporations in America or Europe 




108 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



y&m 




|HK TRAi ^ WORSTED MILLS CO.. So 3500 Spruce Streel l' mufaotun ol worsted yards maj acceptably be denom 

inated one of the leading industries of Philadelphia, and a vast amount "i capital Is Invested in this line, and employ raent is 

furnished a large force ol workmen Vmnng the oldest of r h<- m>>si pr lenl l ses engaged in ' he trade, special mention 

should of the Tracj Worsted Mills Company, situated al No 0500 Spruce Streel Thlsentei prise was founded In 1861 

by Messrs ■ Irisw old & Co . who ' i ■ im ■ succeeded bj Traej i Co . and on March '■'>. 1890, the present company was organized, 

and incorporated under the State i iws of Pennsj h inia, n ith ample capital and the follow ing officers: President , J \ HcCol 

cretary, R. C Binder; treasurer, Chas. C Roberts, These gentlemen have all had Ion and valuable experience in the varn manufac 

turing industry, Mr McCollum having been com i this mill since il started, while Mr.I Binder's experienct covet a period of S5 

tfr. Robert or an aggregate experience ol H$ years; Mr. Joseph V.. Perkins, thi 

i the trade, thus making a grand total of 93 years, or almosl a centnrj s experience thai tsbroughl to bear in the mat 

if these mills The plant is an extensive iboul an acre on which i erected buildings of two three and four 

each, i ■ lanical equipment includes 6,000 spindles, IS cards and 18 combs, which are drivei i 00-horse power engini 

employment is found for 500 experienced operatives. The work* havi a produetivt capacity ol 8500 pounds of yarn a daj The con 

manufactui i neral 1 i w orated \ arns for the production of cassimere - h iths, which thej tell to manufacturers of those fabrics. 

Phey also pro For handwork. The yarns are kept up to a high uniform standard ol e* I and sustain a Hi 

i'i pu tat ton in I be i fade 

|N1 1'ED I'll; l MEN'S INSURANCE CO., t >ffice,No. 119 Walnut Street. Ol the successful fire insurance corporations having their 
idquarters in Philadelphia Few are so well appreciated as the ' aited Firemen's Insurance Company whose home ol 
are located al No. 419 Walnut Street. Tins company was incorporated in I860, under the laws ol the State of Pennsj Ivania. 

in. i vei tntered upon a career of usefulness which has been continued with in - rosperitj to itsell 

and fully just if. i ing the reliance placed upon it bj the public, li has a capital stock of $3< t, and is officered as follows, 

viz: Roberl B Beath, president ; Joseph L Caven, vice-president: Dennis J Sweeny, secretary; directors, Henrj Bumui, 

Singeily, Chas M Lukens, Alfred Moore, Holstein De Haven, Henry B. Tener, Geo B. Bonnell, William W I, Jacob i 

[ in- company writes insurance on dwellings and contents, manufactories and their products, elei ators, warehouses, -'ram. mei 

chandise and business property of all kinds, taking risks in all parts of the United States, it has local agents in all parts ol the c trj « bo 

report direct to the home office, and are doing a large and safe business in the States ol Pennsylvania, New York New Jei^sej Maine, Ver 
mont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland. Ohio Michigan Wisconsin. Minnesota, Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, Tennes 
see, Kentucky, Missouri, Kansas and California, as well as othei' parts ol the Pacific Slope. General agents are established at San Francisco 
■. .iiisin rather than haste, carefulness rather than impuls veness, final profit rather than present volume of business bave been the 
il its insurance creed, and by a conscientious adherence to them its managers bave made a record which mark thi 
iH! insurance men of the country. The statement «'t the company made Januarj 1, 1892 shows assets ampuntin 
$1,190,6] i 19 and a net surplus of $81,115.37; while Us business is constantly increasing owing to the i lerationof its rates the liberal char- 
acter of its policies and the reliability of its man i jement. [ts present strength and efficient direction are sufficient guarantees ol us future 
solidity, and it stands to-daj a pillar ol security to the insured, tts board of officers and directors presents an array •>(' business talet 

al solid itj which commands the unl nded respect and confidence ol the entire community, The president, Mr. Beath, was seer* b rj 

eleven yeai*s, and was elected to his present position in 1891; while the present secretary, Mr, Sweeny, bas been engaged in the insurance 
business for a period ol tweutj 3 ears The 1 ice-president, Mr. Caven, was Formerly president of the corporation, and is now president of the 

1 . 1 1 state Pitle and Trust Company of Philadelphia Under such experiei d guidance, the 1 nited Firemen's is writing some $8 1 

hi risks per ye d i recogni 1 as one of the financial bulwarks ol the city. 





IN LYNCH & BRO., Flour Commission Merchants, No. t42 North Delaware Avenue Among the various commercial 
enterprises that rank huh in the material resources of Philadelphia, the trad.' in flour ma j be rightlj classed as one «>f the 
firs! This city has long occupied a prominent position in the trade as a distributing poim for this food staple, and her whole 
sale c >m mission merchants enjoy a widespread reputation for tin* facilities they have introduced, bj means ol which fresh 

and cl g is are furnished the trade, a foremost house annually handling an Immense quant itj of flour is that of John 

Lynch .v Bro., located at No. 142 North Delaware Aveuue. This enterprise was organized ten years ag ■ bj Messrs John and 
Hugh Lynch, under the existing firm-name, and since then they have developed ;i large, first-class trade throughout Pennsylvania, New 
Jersej . Delaware and the South The premises occupied comprise a store 85 \ 150 feet in dimens s. and g ts are also stored in two pub- 
lic warehouses Consignments are received In carload Ms from the West and Northwest, and the special brands handled are " Pillsburj - 
Best," ' I'm 11 \ 'Sea Foam," "White Frost," and others equally well known The Messrs, Lynch handle goods direct from the nulls and 
producers, on commission; and their connections "ith shippers are such as to enable them to fulfill orders promptly, and to the entire sat is- 
faction of all concerned 



\Mm 




I'll COMPOUND SPRING POWER COMPANY, (Incorporated.) Business Office, No 108-1 Vrch Street.— Prominent an g thi 

■ niousand valuable inventions of this modern utilitarian age maj be named the spring power machines invented by Mr. 

I>, M I Ta iitz of this city, and now owned and manufactured bj the Compound Spring Power Company, whose business 

in. r is located at So, 1034 Irch Street This company was incorporated December 1*. 1890, with a capita) of 8500.000, and is 

ifflc red a follows, viz: D M.Pfantz. president and treasurer: \ M Bryant, vice-president; E B. Schnider, secretary The 

ii|i'in\ ma nut art iiif the compound spring sewing machine motor, which saves the labor of treading the machine and h 1 no 

rival foi simplicity ol opei ition the large amount of work it will perform in a <ia\ . and its perfect labor-saving qualities; the compound spring 

►re powei ful machine, taking the place of anj other small toi to run grocers' coffee mills, print ing presses, ventilating 

'• i| i- etc : the compound spring dynamo motor, which will drive a dynamo to produce the electric light for everj house and store, ever} one 

control 1- own lights; and the compound spring quadri-cycle a four w heeled cycle, running bj spring power, wound while run 

ling, under p f the rider and abli I road to ruu thirtj miles per hour creating a veritable revolul Ion En the bicycle 
1 ii- s.- machines are all found running at thi mpany's office, and ladies, as well as gentlemen, will find a visit there both pleas- 
ant and profit riven are attracting the attention of capitalists and business men evet j n here and are sent to all parts of the 

country. Mr, Pfantz is now engaged in constructing his new patents for streel car propulsion, which promise to excel all present systems in 
street cars, and also his spiral motors for propelling boats. The president. Mr Pfantz, isanatl 1 ister, Pa., who came to this cit£ In 1868 

11 the subject ■■' spring power the study of a lifetime His ideas are thoroughly practical, based on natural laws, and I 1 

in' 1 pronoui I Mr Bryant, the vice-president, was born in Buffalo, N V . and lias resided here for the past 

1 ars w bile the secretai j . Mr. Schnider, 1- a Philadelphia^ bj bii th and education, and belongs to one of the oldest families in the 

city, and ins ancestors were among the leading men in the Masonic Fraternitj oi this city. \n the officers devote close personal attention to 

ementof the interests of the company, and assure itspermi nt prosperity bj their Intel li ent enterprise and honorable methods 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



100 




Chestnut Street, looking West prom Ninth Street.— 1889. 





lio HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 

jjll.LIAM C MORGAN & CO Genera] Stock Brokers, No 121 Drexel Building Among the leading and reliable bankers 

and brokers of Philadelphia is the Brm of William C. Morgan & Co I hi prospi i - house was established In 1868 and 

now Is one of the oldest firms on the street. Thej briogl ar a wide range of practical experience coupled with intimate 

I » ledge "i values, and Dumber among their permanent customers many wealth] capitalists stock operators and husinees 

men. Tbej buy and sell strictly on commission all stocks, bonds and miscellaneous securities Tbej haveeverj facility for 
obtaining the earliesl inforn ation affecting any security, and Caithfully serve r 1 ■ . - best Interests <>f customers. Thej make a 

Bpecialtj ..i first class investment securities, such as State, city and count] bonds, etc., and those in need <>i' financial aid will And ih pre 

pared Lake the mosl liberal terms, making advances on appr. \ . .1 .• .llateral .hey are widehj known In financial circles tor their ability 

and integrity, and can be recommended to our readers us well qualified to give sound and reliable Information as to all classes of securities 

either forinvestm i foi i ulative purposes Their correspondents in all the principal cities keep them fully posted on all that is going 

on in the financial world Mr. Morgan, the head of the firm, is a Phlladelphian by birth, His long experience In bis special line has brought 
him a host of patrons, who bave learned to appreciate his valuable and efficient services. 

jjORKIs, TASKER & CO. (Incorporated), Manufacturers of Boiler Tubes, Oil Well Tubing and Casing.Wroughl Iron Pipes and 

Fittings, Iron Founders, Sas Eng rs and Machinists, Citj i Ifflce, Nos. 888 and '.".'I South Third Street The magnltud 

the vast manufacturing interests centred and represented In Philadelphia has long rendered her the loading Industrial em 
poriuin on this continent. There are various causes for the supremacy thus maintained, among which are us near proxim 
ity to Inexhaustible supplies of ores, coal and natural gas, its unexampled transportation facilities by rail and water, and 

the distinguished enterprise and ample resourcesof its leading manufacturers and business n. The great represent 

ative house in us line, and the pioneer In several of the mosl difficult branches of the iron industry, is thai of Morris, Tasker & Co 

fjneorpon I), who have a reputation and a trade coextensive with the limits of the country as extensive manufacturers of boiler tubes, 

oil well tubing and casing, wrought iron pipes and fittings, and as iron founders, gas engh rs and machinists, with office and warerooms 

at Nos. 'J.'.'aud 884 South Third Street. This corporation are proprietors of the Delaware Iron Company's Mills at Nev. Castle. Del., and ol 
the Pascal lion Works in Philadelphia, and give employment to from 1,500 to 2,000 workmen. The foundation of this greal oniorprisr «a- 
laid in 1881 by Mr. S. P. Morris, who in 1831 admitted his brother. Henry Morris, and Mr. Thomas T. Tasker. his former superintendent to 

partnership under the firm name of Stephen P. Morris* Co. The business grew to proportions of great magnitude, and eve ally the 

head of the firm retired, being succeeded by his brother, Wistar Morris, the firm then becoming Morris, Tasker & Morris. This flrm 
erected the Pascal Iron Works here in 1836, on the square bounded by Tasker, Morris, Fourth and Fifth streets, and In 1848 added a large 
mill fronting on Morris Street Mr. Wistar Morris subsequently retired, and Messrs. Charles Wheeler and Thomas T. Tasker, Jr., were 
admitted under the now so familiar style of Morris, Tasker & Co. Mr. Henry Morris retired in 1868 in favor of his son. Stephen Morris, and 

in 1858 Mr. Thomas T Tasker, sr., retired, his interest being divided between his sons. Til as T., already a member, and Stephen P. M. 

Tasker. now admitted. Mr. Charles Wheeler retired in 1804, followed by the retirement of Mr, Henry (1. .Mortis, and on the death of Mr- 
Stephen Mortis his interest was purchased by the surviving partners, Messrs. Thomas T. Tasker, Jr., and Stephen P. M. Tasker In 1876 Mr, 
Thomas T. Tasker, Jr.. disposed of his interest, and Messrs. Charles Wheeler and T. Wistar Brown being admitted, a joint stock company 
was formed, composed of Messrs Stephen P. M. Tasker, Charles Wheeler and T. Wistar Brown. In 1883 occurred the decease of Mr. 
Wheeler, and on February 8, 1888, the term of the limited partnership having expired, a corporation was duly organized under the present 
name, with a capital of $500,000, and with the following officers— to wit, Andrew Wheeler, President ; Jonathan How land. Vice President; 
T Wistar Blown, Treasurer; Stephen P. M. Tasker, Consulting Engineer; H. C. Vnnsant, Secretary. The Pascal Iron Works form a very 
important factor in the industrial activity of this city. The plant covers two city blocks, spacious and splendidly equipped mills ami 
shops, and every modern facility for the rapid and perfect production of gas works' outfits, retorts, holders etc.. all kinds of heavy cast- 

ings, wrought iron pipe of all sizes, and linings and extra lap welded tubes for boilers Th tput here averages 25,00 us of finished 

work per year, and large contracts are taken for the erection of gas and water works complete. The works at New Castle. Del., were 
designed and constructed under the management of Mr. Stephen P. M. Tasker, and are the model of their kind, includinga rolling mill, a 
lap welded pipe mill, furnaces, etc., which turn out from thirty-six to forty thousand tons of finished pipe, ranging from one-eighth up to 

twenty-two inches In diameter, annually, and for which there is always a great and growing demand. The capacitj of the works ow i 

and controlled by Morris. Tasker & Co., the industrial forces employed and the ample capital invested, all characterize ibis concern as the 
leader in its line in America, and one whose superior products are in universal demand by the trade and consumers. The material and 

workmanship are both subjected to the closest inspection and guaranteed, and municipal corporations, gas and water i panles the conn 

try over largely use tbese products in preference to all ..I her brands. The facilities of.tbe works are as perfect as its connections are w id. 
spread and influential ; the largest orders are filled immediately on terms and prices which arett.it to be duplicated elsewhere, while the 
principles that regulate the business policy of the house are such as entitle it to general respect and confidence, while the great extent o 
its operations has mad.- its position one of national prominence and placed its officers and managers in the froni rank of Pennsylvania's 
industrial representatives. President Wheeler resides at Iiryn Mawr, and is a member of the firm of Morris. Wheeler ,\, ('.. . in the same 

I" t industry; also a Director of the Central National Bank and the Delaware Insurance Company, one of th 'iginal promoters of the 

Philadi Iphia Bourse, and a prominent member of the Board of Trade. Mr. T. Wistar Brown. Treasurer of the company. Is also Vice Preal 
.lent of the Provident Life and Trust Company, a Director of the Central National Bank, a member of the dry goods manufacturing firm ol 
John Farnum & Co., besides being identified with many other local institutions and enterprises" pd resides at Valla Nova, vice President 
Rowland is a well known citizen of Hohnesburgh, while Messrs. Tasker and Vansant reside in Philadelphia, and are promoting the Interest) 
of this corporation with zeal, discrimination and brilliant success. 

fEO. D. WETHERILL £ CO., Importers and Dealers in Drugs. Chemicals. Etc.; Manufacturers of White Lead. Colors, Puttj 

and CalClte Atlas Ready Mixed Paints; No. 58 N Front street ct tl Id. si and best known houses in the manure- 

ture of paints in this country is that of Messrs Ceo D. Wetherill &Co. This firm are extensive importers and dealers in 
di tigs, chemicals, etc., m. I manufacturers of paints, « hite lead, colors, putty and calcite, making a specialty of Atlas Ready 
Mixed Paints The business was founded iii 1801 by John Wetherill & Co., and in 1816 the senior partner retired and the 

pr nt name and style was adopted. The present members ol the firm Messrs. Geo li and Thomas Wetherill, are broth- 

tl . bristopber Wetherill. who died In 1891, after being In the firm for a period of fifty years. The works comprise five build 

Inga "it i ach and ire equipped with forty paint mills, four putty mills, and the latest improved machinery, operated bj a -team 

engine of 100 horse power. The store of the flrm is live stories in height. 10x125 feel in si/... and every department is kepi stocked to repli 
Uon at all times The flrm havi long enjoyed a national reputation, and built up., n-a.ic co-extensive with the limits ol the country, as 
manufacturers of the celebrated \ila- Ready Mixed Pamts. Tbese paints are always uniform and reliable, unrivalled in appears ■. unex- 
celled in durability, unparalleled In ec my, unequalled in convenlei unpr dented In reputation, and undis] id In the broad claim of 

be best article ol the kind on the market. They are easily applied, and are unapproacbed and unapproachable In any feature ol 

i " I 1 Iling agents for John L. Whiting &8ons, brush t if acturers, of Boston. The Messrs 

. Phiiadelphians, honored members of such organizations as the National Wholesale Drug Association, the Phllad 
pbialn. change tbi Manufacturers club, the Trade League, the Philadelphia Bourse the Board of Trade and the Philadelphia Paint Club 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



Ill 




URK & McFETEIDGE, Printers, Lithographers and Publishers, Nos, 306 ami 308 Chestnut Street. A lea. lint; fi rm ,,f printers, 
lithographers and publishers here are Messrs. Burk & McFetridge, wl upythe verj spacious and eligible quarters at 

Nos. 300 and 30S Chestnut Street. Tliis firm was organized and began business September 15, isn, having purchased from 

W. W. Harding the " Inquirer" book and job printing establishment, which they have sin conducted with marked ability 

and steadily increasing success. The premises occupied comprise four floors. 75 x 80 feel each, splendidly equipped with new 
and improved presses and machinery, and ample steam-power, and constant employment is here pro\ ided for 100 skilled and 
expert hands. This firm are widely known for their many important publications of books, newspapers and periodicals, while they do a very 
large and influential business as commercial printers and lithographers with corporations, firms and individuals all over the United States. 
They are especially prominent as publishers of " Reciprocity," a semi-monthly journal devoted to the enlargement of domestic trade and 

theextensi, f international commercial reciprocity, anil which has a wide circulation throughout 1 he Tinted Slates, Great Britain. Germany, 

France. Mexico Central and South America, China, the East Indies, Australasia, and other parts of the globe; subscription price $3.00 
per annum. This firm also publish "Philadelphia and New York Securities,'' a book full of all necessary information regarding 
investments, and whose scope makes it at once a directory, blue book and statistical manual combined; comprising as it does detailed infor- 
mation respecting the financial, banking, trust, insurance, railway, mining, telegraph, telephone, steamship, storage and manufacturing 
companies. Much of the data found in this work is absolutely exclusive, being nowhere else obtainable, and in the two years of its existence 
his work has become the authorized and recognized authority in Philadelphia financial circles, whilt it is used in all the principal cities of 
the Union, and commands appropriate recognition upon the London Stock Exchange. Under the enterprising methods of Messrs. Burk and 
McFetridge, this house has not only become one of the best-patronized printing establishments in the city, but from its history and literary 
prestige, a place of special interest to public and professional men. Here are wont to gather many of those most conspicuous in literature, 
politics and finance, for the interchange of information upon congenial topics. Orders and communications by telephone No. 710. by tele- 
graph or mail, receive immediate attention, and in every department, as publishers, printers, lithographers, editors and compilers, the house 
is a type of true American enterprise and literary genius and skill. The copartners. Messrs. Wm. M. Burk and John R. McFetridge. are 
native Philadelphians. who have given their business a life study. 




JPPLEE HARDWARE COMPANY, Manufacturers, Importers and Dealers in Hardware, Cutlery, Lamps. Etc., Nos. .",03 Market 
and 4 and North Fifth Streets.— A thoroughly important and representative establishment in Philadelphia and one which 
materially adds to its facilities as the best purchasing point in the United States, is that of the Supplee Hardware Company, 
located at Nos. 503 Market and 4 and North Fifth Streets. This company are extensive manufacturers, importers and 
dealers in hardware, cutlery, lamps, etc., and theirs is the oldest as well as the largest house in its line in the city. The busi- 
ness was founded in 1830, by Conrad & Walton, who gave place in 1867 to Lloyd, Supplee & Walton, and they in turn, in 1884. 
to the Lloyd & Supplee Hardware Co., the present company beiug incorporated in 1889. It has a capital of $500,000. and is officered as 
follows, viz; William W. Supplee, president; Newton F. Cressman, secretary; William D. Supplee, treasurer. The business qualifications of 
these gentlemen are of a very high order, their methods are prompt, honorable and equitable, and they have ever retained the confidence 
and esteem of leading commercial and financial circles. The premises occupied for trade purposes comprise five floors and a basement, 
50 x 150 feet each, with ell, 45 x 50 feet, and an additional warehouse on North Street. Here is emphatically a vast depot for hardware, tools, 
ami builders' supplies, where can at all times he found the fullest and most comprehensive stock of hardware, also table and pocket cutlery 
from the most famous manufacturers of Europe and America, lamps and lamp goods in brilliant array, and many specialties peculiar to this 
house. To attempt an enumeration of the articles displayed by this company would be to present our readers with an immense catalogue, 
suffice it to say, " they keep everything." Among prominent specialties which they control sire the " Pennsylvania," " Quaker City " and 
•• Continental " lawn mowers, which stand ahead of all competitors in this or any other country. As manufacturers they also make special- 
ties of meat cutters, and saw-sets, and many other articles which are in heavy and influential demand in this and foreign countries. Their 
" Pennsylvania " lawn-mowers were awarded the only premium given in this line at Paris, in 1889. Price and quality combined are beyond 
successful competition by any other first-class house in the trade, and the business is immense and influential throughout all the Middle. 
Southern and Western States, requiring in its transaction the services of eighty assistants and twenty-four salesmen upon the road. The 
officers of the company are native Philadelphians, who have pushed their way, by force of energy and character, to a commanding position 
in the mercantile world, and are recognized as worthy exponents of the hardware trade of this country. President Supplee is a well-known 
member oi the Trades' League, the Commercial Exchange, the Manufacturers' Club, the Union League and the Philadelphia Bourse. Secretary 
i tvssman has been identified with the house for twenty years, and Treasurer Supplee, a son of the president, was trained in the business 
from his youth up, and all are promoting the interests of the company with zeal, discrimination and brilliant success. 

A.NAYUNK TRUST COMPANY', No. 4340 Main Street, Manayunk.— The Manayunk Trust Company is the only institution of 
this kind in Manayunk, and was chartered in 1890. It occupies spacious and elegant quarters in its own building, at No. 
4310 Main Street, and is liberally patronized by our best citizens. This company acts as an administrator, executor, guardian 
and trustee to receive and execute trusts of all kinds; while loans are made on mortgages on the installment plan, mortgages 
are bought and sold, and a general real estate business is transacted. Every description of realty is bought and sold, rents 
are collected, property is leased and rented, and estates managed for absent owners, while the latter go to enjoy travel and 
European life for years at a time. The company's cash department is a thoroughly organized banking institution, where interest is paid on 
deposils, at the rate of two per cent, on checks at sight and three per cent, on deposits subject fo ten days' notice; while trusts and idem- 
nity certificates are issued for one year, bearing four per cent, interest, interest payable every six months. If you wish to buy a house or 
invest your money in a mortgage, this company will make you absolutely safe against defective titles and incumbrances. If you intend 
building, this company will, for a small price, draw the agreement with your builder and see that he fulfills it; pay the mechanics and 
material men and insure you against liens. If you are the owner or holder of a mortgage and would like to have the title examined, and if a 
defect or incumbrance is discovered have the same removed, this company will attend to the business for you. A thorough system of 
organization pervades the whole of the departments, and the prompt and efficient manner in which this extensive business is transacted is 
in the highest degree creditable to the management. The officers and directors of the company are as follows: President, Richard Hey; 
vice president, Graham J. Littlewood: secretary and treasurer, Thomas H. Ashton; attorney-at-law and trust officer, Francis S. Cantrell. 
Directors, Richard Hey, of Richard Hey & Son, manufacturers; Graham J. Littlewood. of G. J. Littlewood & Co.. dyers: John G. Morris, of 
Morris A- Oft. manufacturers; Ben Kenworthy. of B. Kenworthy & Co., wool; Charles W Klauder, coal and feed; Henry Friedman, mer- 
chant; William Bernard, coal; George W. Bromley, of G. W. Bromley * Co., civil and topographical engineers; James z Holt, of Baker. 
Holt £ Co.. manufacturers; John J. Foran. real estate agent; Edward Foster, of E. Foster* Bro.. hardware; Charles J. Webb, of C. J. Webb 

S Co., n 1: Joseph H. Kenworthy, of T. Kenworthy & Bro., wool; P. P. Liebert. of Liebert & Obert, brewers; J. H. Birkmire, stone yard 

The executive officers are gentlemen with whom it is always a pleasure to do business, while the board of directors presents an array of 
talent and solidity that commands the respect and confidence of the entire community. 




113 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCI AL 1M1 II. ADKl.PH I A. 



w . Ki RTZ .v I 0., Bankers & Brokers, Bullitl Building, No 181 South Fourth Street.— One of the leading bankers and 
brokei Philadelphia is Mr. W. W. Kurt/., carrying on operations under the firm title of W. W. Kurtz & Co, He was born 
in Get tysburg, Pa . but has resided in this city for many \ ears. In business and financial circles he beai au un u I lied 
reputation. In 18G5, iu company \\ ith a pai tner, he established business as a banker and broker, the fli in name being Kurtz 
& Howard, but on Lhe retiremebt oi Mr. Howard, Mr. Kurtz adopted the present firm title. For the past twenty two years 

he has been a popular mber of the Philadelphia Stock Exchange, and was once houored 03 beiuj elected to the presl 

1 thai institution. Employing a staff of effteieiil assistants, Mr, Kurtz carries on a splendid business, receiving deposits, making 
meuts ol capital, and buying, selling aud carrying on margin stocks and bonds of all kinds, rlerzfeld .\ Co are his New , t ork agents, 
and the latest fiuaucial news maj alwa^ s be had at his office. 





|i »\\ ELLA BRt >S. (Limited , Manufacturers of Wall Papers, Washington Avenue and Twentj first Street This house has the 

I 'i! guished 1 1 " "i being the oldest in the wall papei industry In the United States, and has long 1 11a recognized leader 

in the trade. The founder of the business, John B. Howell, father of Mr. Zophar C Howell, came from England in l?fl 

started in the manufacture of wall papei in this city the same year. He subsequently red to New York City, and from 

there to Albany, wln-rr he admitted Mr. Lemuel Steel to partnership, as H twell 8, * . ' ■ In 1811 the bus sa vrati transferred 

to Ball imore, and in 1836 was permanently Located in Philadelphia 1 tve sons of Mr, Howell t aineeng Lgi d In the business, 

and in I8-J5 the firm name of Howell Bros was adopted. The present proprietors are Messrs. Zophar C Howell and Zophai L Howell. Phe 
senior pai tner is a sou of 1 lie founder, aud was lorn in Albany, N. Y.. 011 Januai \ 31st. IS11, becoming a member ol the firm in 1680. The 
present manufactory was built for the purpose in 1865, aud the main building is 211x396 feet, which, with the othei premises and grounds 
1 1 i.\ the in in compi ise an entire square. The equipment is perfect aud complete in all departments, every improvement and mod 
m a ppliance being in use to facilitate production, including improved machinery operated bj a Corliss engine of 150 horse power, and 
steady employment is given to 250 operatives. The firm have secured the services of a corps of original and tasteful designers, who are 
experl judges oi shades and effects, and are eminent ly successful in producing patterns that will best serve the pui pose of harntonious 
designs in housi I) i!| i lecoration Gol I and highly colored parlor and drawing room papers, with beautiful dadoes and fi lezes ti match; 
also rich library paperings, in imitation oi leather, carved oak and walnut; and plain and i-imI.mss.mI flocks, are all manufactured here in 

great variety, and extremelj rich and pleasing effects are produced in comparative^ inexpensive g I -. The output averages 10,000,000 

piec s per year. The propi ietors are gentlemen h ii li whom ir is alwaj s a pleasure t<: do business. The honored senior partner is President 
f the Camden National Bank, and has beeu a contributor to the Franklin Institute since its organization, and long prominent in commer- 
cial aud financial circles. Mr. Z. L, Howell was born in this city, is a director of the Camden National Hank, ami combines his energy 
and abilil \ w itb the i'i|»- experience <>! liis fat her to form a firm of commanding influence and solid worth. 



e&g 



I HOS. THOMPSON, SONS \ CO., Manufact urers and Importers of Upholstery Goods, Cabinet Hardware, and Railroad Car 
Supplies, So. 242 South Second Street. The leading representat i\ «- house engaged in 1 his 1 1 ranch of business is generally 

1 egai ded as thai of Messrs Thos. Thompson, Sons & Co. This extensive business was founded in 1838 by Thomas TI ip 

sun. who »' 1 11 harked in ill- manufacture and importai ion of upholstery goods, cabinet hardware and railroad car supplies. 

with every resourc * ami facility at command for those earlj days, aud soon developed widespread trade connect s The 

1 ii'n 1 name of Thos. Thompson, Sons & Co was adopted some Forty years ago. and the business is novi conducted by Messrs, 

['nomas M and Lewis A, Thompson. The honored senior partner and founder of the business died in i s < 8, and Ins suns have since itin 

net the enterprise without change in the firm nam-- Their operations cover ei erj branch of the upholster} I: trade, as well as that 

pertaining 1 1 cabinet hardware, while the} are likewise prominent as manufacturers of elastic car seal springs of unequalled strength and 
elasticity, besides ever} thing in the line of railroad car supplies, Thej steadily retain tin* Foremost place In the trad.-. In rhe introduction 
of many exclusive novelties En styles, textures, patterns and shades of upholstery goods. Thej occupj a spleudid live storj building, 
13x120 feel in dimensions, finely equipped and admirably arranged in every department Here 1 he firm display a verj heai j stock oi 
goods, the most extensive and valuable of any in the city, including high art fabi Ecs of every description, inclusive of the popular Reiiais 
sauce styles; Bilk damasks, velours aud ran silks in vast variety: brocatels, sateens, plushes and satins; gimps, fringes aud trimmings; 
. 1 decot 11 Ive silks and fabrics: besides cabinet hard" are of the best brands The trade of the house is thoroughly national 

in extent, and Philadelphia is to 1 ngratulated upon having permanent!} located in her midst such a representative house in its line as 

1 1 1. 1 1 ol rhos Thompson, Sons & Co Hon. Thomas M. Thompson is the present comptroller of the city, elected from January I, 1891; 
while he was f >r years on the Finance < !omurittee in the City Council, has been President of the FuraitureJBoard ol Trade, and is e prom 
1 ienl member of the Union League, and honorably idem ified with Che commercial growth and financial prosperity of the city. Mr. Owis 
\. Thompson is also an honored member oi the Union \.- ague, .ith I an active member of Grace Episcopal Church Both are native Phila- 
delphians 

.1 MOKR, Anthracite and Charcoal Pig Iron, Coke, Car Wheels, Muck Bar, Bullitt Building, No. ISSSoutb FourthStreet 
■\ir .1 J. Mohr established his business here In 1870, and handles foundry ami forge pig Iron, muck bars, coke, car 
wheels, etc; being especial!} prominent as agent for the E & G Brooke Eron Company, receiving the entire output 
of six furnaces the Sheridan, Leesport, Mt. Laurel. Mill Creek Brooke and Joanna having a combined capacity of 

00 1 whs per week, and also a part oi reraple furnt He ships direct from the furnaces, and also bandies Connells 

..,1,. and Gallatin coke, old car wheels, and the Brooke muck bars as a specialty With his exceptional connections and 

facilities this gentleman is in a position to offer special inducements, quoting bottom prices and supplying the best quality, and relations 

once formed with him are reasonablj certain of le idlng t-> an enduring busiu 1 connection L'he trade of the bouse extends to all parts 

United States, and the supplies furnishe l invari ibly give satisfaction and command nn !mmenst> salt- wln'iwcr .met' intr >diu.vd. 

>l, Mohr is a native Pennsylv inian, a merchant for some years previous to engaging in his present trade, and a gentleman "I large business 

in ■ v. ide acquaintance and sterling personal worth. 

M H. WIGMORE Manufacturer, for the Trade Exclusively , of Gold, Silver and Plated Surglc d Instruments, No tit; s. Eighth 
Street. The only manufacturer of surgical instruments for the trade exclusively, Is Mr, Wm. li. Wigm ire. For th< 
thirteen years this gentleman has been conduct ng active operations in this field ol enterprise. He establlshe I tin- business 
throu ii ins own thrift, ability, earnest and untiring work, and to him belong 1 the credit of Its success. The « orks are eom- 

i,i ed in tfl oomodious floors, £0x80 feet Iu dimensions, and the mechanical equipment Includes special machinery 

driven bj electric power, Employment is ft I for twenty Beven skilled hands, and under the personal guidance ol Mi 

Wigmore <<■ manufactured gold, silver and plated surgical Enstru ntsofeverj variety, manj ol them being of Mr. Wig re's own in- 
vention. The g I- are finely finished an I thoroughly reliable in everj particular. A complete stock is carried, « bolesaTe orders only are 

given attention, and the trade of the house extends all over the United States Mr. Wigmore was born at Red Hank. N .1 . and has lived En 
Philadelphia twenty years. Mr. Wigmore Is also an authority and specialist on poultry and cattle specialties, including canonizing, and 
factures Instruments largely for this line, and is the author of a treatise on bow to make poultry pa} 







HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 113 

HE A.LDINE HOTEL, S. Murray Mitchell, Proprietor, W. F. Perry, Manager, Rates $3.50 to 85.00 per Day. Parlor and Baths 
Extra. Chestnut Street above Nineteenth.— Philadelphia has among her valued Facilities and advantages, the magnificent 

Alduie Hotel, one ot the flnesl i lern structures of the kind in the United States, and by far the most luxurious, elegant 

and comfortable hotel in the city. Mr. S. Murray Mitchell, the enterprising proprietor, has been in control since 1870, and has 

bei ■ widely recognized as an expert authority on the difficult science of modern hotel keeping. Numerous additions nave 

since been made to its capacity and accommodations, and the house is now seven stories in height, 125 x 225 feet in dimen- 
sions, and contains 205 rooms for guests, many of them being en suite The building was specially planned to secure the utmost of light, air 
and ventilation, and was constructed in the most substantial manner, and in a handsome style of architecture. It represents a very large 
investment both in the premises and in the rich character of the furniture and decorations, in which has been brought into play the highest 
art and skill of the designer, upholsterer, cabinet-maker and furnisher. The public halls, parlors, reception-rooms, dining halls and other 
apartments are elegant in appearance and outfit, and nowhere outside of the largest capitals of the world can such a happy combination of 
elegance, taste and comfort be found. All the modern improvements have been introduced, including fire-escapes, steam heat, electric lights, 
passenger elevator, annunciators, telegraph office, billiard parlors, barber-shop, and a well-managed bar, stocked with the finest 'if wines and 
liquors. The steam-engine and boiler are located entirely outside of the premises, under the pavement on Sansom Street; the laundry is also 
isolated, and the culinary department is in the fireproof basement, with ventilating shafts which carry all odors to the roof. There is a 
fine courtyard in the center of the lot, with sparkling fountain anil fragranl Bowers, and everything in the surroundings suggests the refining 
influences of a quiet and pleasant home. The house is conducted strictly on the American plan, and nowhere can families, tourists 
excursion parties, public men and private individuals be better accommodated. The main dining hall is a noble apartment. 25 x 144 feet, 
where many public dinners and notable banquets have been held, and the house is as widely celebrated tor its cuisine and bills of fare as for 
the elegance of its accommodations and tin- excellence of its management. The service is perfect, and guests dine a la carte at this hotel in a 
manner unrivaled on the continent. The house holds the patronage of the best, classes of society, and its registers are filled with the names 
of eminent capitalists, professional and public men. foreign tourists and visitors, who find here strictly high-class hotel accommodations 
The situation of the hotel, on Chestnut Street, just above Nineteenth, is thoroughly central and desirable, and no luxury to be found in 
any hotel in the country is lacking at the " Aldine." Mr. Mitchell is a native of Harrisburg, and has been a resident of this city since 1869. 
He is ably assisted by Mr. W. F. Perry, as manager, and has won success and wide celebrity, as a hotel man. by honestly deserving it. 

W. JOHNS MANUFACTURING COMPANY. Philadelphia Branch, Nos. 170 and 172 North Fourth Street, Main Office, No. 87 
Maiden Lane, New York; Eastern Branch, Nos. 119 and 121 Federal Street, Boston; Western Branch, Nos. 240 and 242 Ran- 
dolph Street, Chicago.— Until within a few years comparatively, mineral asbestos, which has now proved so invaluable for 
structural and mechanical purposes, was almost totally unknown, except to the chemist and a few others who were happily 
' possessedof more than ordinary knowledge of. the subtle sciences. The leading manufacturer in this line in this country is 
the H. W. Johns Manufacturing Company, whose principal office is at No. 87 Maiden Lane. New York, with a branch at Nos. 
170 and 172 North Fourth Street. Philadelphia. This company is renowned the world over as a manufacturer of asbestos, and materials for 
structural, mechanical and electrical purposes. The business was established in 1858, by Mr. H. W. Johns, who is the inventor of nearly all 
the practical uses of asbestos and also of the materials and special processes made and used by this pany. and the enterprise was contin- 
ued by him until 1870, when, in consequence of its rapid increase, it was duly incorporated into the company bearing his name, since which 
period it lias obtained a widely extended patronage, owing to the unequaled facilities afforded for manufacturing and the unsurpassed qual- 
ity, utility and durability of its asbestos and other materials. The branch office in this city was established in 1876, and is now under the 
management of Mr. D. T. Dickson, who came into control on July 1, 1891, as successor to Mr. J. 6. Granbery, who had been made treasurer of 
the company. The building here occupied for trade purposes contains five floors and a basement, 40 x 100 feet each, giving ample accom- 
modations for supplying the most extensive demand. The leading specialties for sale here at both wholesale and retail are paints and 
colors, roofing and building materials, steam pipe coverings, steam packings, fireproof cements, asbestos fabrics, tubes, blocks, etc., and 
" Vuleabeston." The latter article is patented, and [is composed of asbestos. India rubber and other vuleanizable gums combined with 
materials lor special requirements, adapting it for fire and acid-proof articles, steam packings, electrical insulators, etc. It is superior to 
any other materia] yet discovered for similar purposes, on account of its permanent resistance to heat and immunity from injury by acids, 
gases, moisture, etc. It can tie made in any desired form, is practically indestructible, will not shrink, expand or warp, and is t lie most 
perfect electrical insulator known. The liquid paints made by this company are strictly first-class, composed of pure linseed oil and the 
highest grade of pigments. They are combined by processes exclusively the property of the company, and are unequaled by any in richness, 
permanency of color and durability, and are now generally regarded as the standard paints for structural purposes, of which this company 
is the most extensive manufacturer in the world. Their asbestos roofing is practically fireproof and the acknowledged standard for roofing 
purposes. The trade and consumers are supplied in quantities to suit at the shortest possible notice and terms and prices are made inva- 
riably sit isfactor^ i " buyers. 

FRED HUMBERT, (The National Watch Case and Jewelry Manufacturing Company.) Manufacturer of High-grade Gold 
Watch Cases. Diamond Mountings. Jewelry. Fancy Kings. Solid Seamless Wrought Gold Rings. Sole Eastern Agent Rockford 
Silver Plate Company. Nos. 71 ."..71 7. 719 Arch Street. Tlu> leader in this city in the important lines of diamond mountings, watch 
case and gold ring manufacturing and jewelry repairing, is acknowledged by expert judges to be Mr. Alfred Humbert, whose 
headquarters are located at Nos. 715. 717, and Tilt Arch street. This representative house was founded in 1838, by Mr. Gustavus 

Gigon, and. after some changes, Mr. Humbert became sole proprietor in 1876, again s -ding to the business of the National 

Watch Case ami Jewelry Manufacturing Co.. in 18!)i). The manufacturing plant covers an area of 65 x.lno feet, and is splendidly equipped with 
new ami improved machinery and ample steam-power, while steadl emploj ment is given to between sixty and seventy-five skilled and expert 
hands. The high-grade gold watch cases here manufactured are of the very finest and most artistic description, suited to the requirements 
of thebesl class of American made and imported Swiss watches, ami in heavy and appreciative demand by the trade. Mr. Humbert turns out 
■ inly tlie highest grade of goods in all departments, and his solid seamless wrought gold rings an- tin- acme of perfection. Indiam 1 mount- 
ing, watch case and jewelry repairing, Mr. Humbert is prepared to guarantee the finest and most reliable service. He is also sole Eastern 
agent of the Rockford Silver Plate company. There have been numerous pal cuts granted for so-called improved imitation diamonds, under 
various names, but all are defective as they are either coated on the back with metal which washes off or are transparent at center, usually 
styled in tie- trad.- " fish-eyed," and it does not matter how fine the paste is. it always betrays itself at center, being at that, spot transparent, 
like glass. With the " Monarch Brilliant.' ..f ibis house this trouble is entirely overcome; it is the nearest approach to a diamond, and is creat- 
ing a sensation in the trade wherever presented: it is the coming leader in the trade over all imitation diamonds yet placed on the market. 
The factory at this date is overwhelmed with orders; it is a red letter year with thehouse, the amount of trade on that article alone proving 
almost phenomenal. A corps of expert salesmen represent the interests of the house upon the road, and all orders and commissions are 
promptly and perfectly fulfilled at terms and prices which are invariably satisfactory to the trade. Mr. Humbert is a native of New York 
city, and a n gnized experl and iss.-ur in the manufacture of watch cases, gold jewelry, and the setting of diamonds 




Ill 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL P 1 1 I I. A D E L P H 1 A. 





HILADELPHIA ksn iiv. HILLS CO., Sixteenth Street and tndiana Avenue Though but a comparative!] si, me 

established, the Philadelphia Knitting .Mills (',,.. Sixteenth Street and Indiana Avenue, lias buill up an exceedli I] large bu i 

ness. They are manufacturers "t silk and cotton hosier] of a distinctly superior quality, and theii productions i unand 

extensive sal.- throughout the United States, The plant is perfect!] equipped in every respect, the facilities being unsurpassed, 

and the trade of H oncern affords evidence ,,i steady and substantial increase. The Philadelphia Knitting .Mills Co., ol 

which Wm H. Bilyeru is president an, I treasurer, G. il. Frazier, secretary, and Charles Moller, mini:, i was organized in 
■890, and thi cess that has attended the venture from its inception amply attests the wisdom that inspired the enterprise, to s ; , v 

nothing "i the merit "i the g Is. The null is a three-stor] , 50 x !<"' feet brick structure, with a spacious i-storj ' It building En i nee 

tion, used ror weaving, ami the concern is tilted up with full steam-power and the latest improved machinery , etc. There are three hundi*ed 
knitting heads of various kinds in operation here, and upward of one hundred and twentj operatives are employed In the establishment 

Tin- 1 pan] manufactures i mplete line oi ladies' and (gentlemen's full fashioned silk an. I cotton hose In fine grades and in a great 

pari i* ol prett] designs, styles and shades, and carry a ver] large and elegant stock, They sell direct t<» tin- largest lobbing ami retail 
homes in rh.- United States, an. I air in a position t" offer liberal inducements, tin- prices quoted being notably low, superiority ,<t' produc- 
tion cons lered The gentlemen above named are all Philadelphians by birth and nun "t standing in the i tmunity, prominent ami 

.-si,,, im, . in business circles ami m social life. 

JOSEPH PARKER'S SONS, " Combination Stores," No. 1933 Qermantown Avenue. A review ,,i Germantown's noteworthy 

mercantile I ses would hardly be complete without more than passing mention "t" Josi ph Parker's Sons' i innaii.ni 

stores This is the oldest and the largest establishment of thekindin this section of the city, and for above in, om 
years has been steadily growing in popularity and patronage. The business was established in 1851 in Joseph Parker, 

v\ h. . i Lucted the same up to about two years ago. when it passed into control of his sons and successors 1 In mil John T. 

ami William \' , who tinder the Arm name that heads tins sketch have sinci tinued ii with uninterrupti d 

place of business has always bee this street, and has been at the present location Bince 1872. Tin- premises occupied here c prise 

three spacious floors, and are neatl] fitted up and well arranged throughout, There are eight different departments, and seven or more 

clerks are in attendance, tin- proprietors themselves exercising immediate supervisii vert] ntir :ern. A vast ami varied stock i~ 

constantly kept on haul here, ami includes stationer) ami fancy u Is of all kinds; hosiery and gents' furnishing g Is, trunks ami traveling 

bags; baseball, cricket ami tennis outfits; toys, games ami novelties in great variety; a is,, pocket ami table cutler} housekeeping hardware, 

china an, l -las-,, tre. crockery, kitchen specialties ami a large assortment ,,i bab] carriage i | wa ons wl Ibarrows, velocipedes, 

etc., etc., togethei with a multifarious sollection of useful and ornamental articles of a household nature The prices charged here are 
notabl] low, exceptional bargains being offered in housekeeping specialties, while ever] article is warranted to be as represented, ami 

shoppers are always assured ,,i finding court s treatment, as well as honorable dealing in this old-time ami popular emporium. The 

\i,,s, - Parker, win, are gentlemen in the prime ,>t life, born here in Germantown, am all men ,,i th ugh business experience, a, th 

energetic, ami unless all the signs are greatlj al fault, the popularity ami prospei it] of the establishment are b id t<> increase ami endure 

under their efficient management 

jLOVER BROS.. Iron Foundrj and Hardware Works, Mill Streel and Penn B I: , Frankford The iron Foundry ami hardware 
works ,,i Glover Bros., Mill Street ami Penn. R.R., were established in 1885 by tin- Hrm named. The] were tormerlj located 

a i Kensington Avenue and Green Street, an, l removed t" the present place al i a year a^',>. The premises here occupied 

cover a n,l a hair acres ,,t ground, ami the plant is thoroughly equipped, The main building is a commodious two tor] 

brick structure provided with ample steam-power ami all needed appliances ami appurtenances, and Bfty-five in help are 

employed. Light ami medium castings and hardware specialties are turned "in t xler here at short notice, ami perfeel sal 

Israeli, ,n is assured, the facilities being of a superior character. Patterns are called for ami castings delivered in the city daily, and all orders 
receive prompt ami personal attention, while al) work done is warrant,,, I t,, i„- strictly first-class Messrs, Thomas ami John H. Glover, the 
proprietors, are gentlemen in tin- prime <>t" lite, active and energetic, ami art- natives of this city. They are both men ol thorough practic 'i 

skill an an> years' experience, and exercise immediate supervision over all work executed in their establisl nit The] learned their 

trade with morris, Tasker & ( !o . i„ »tl up] ing responsible positions in that house until i he inn,- they established business for themselves. 

EWELIjcS RIDGW AY, (Successors to Newell & Bro.,) Importers of Wines ami l.i,|ii,,rs. healers ,,, Pine in, I Whiskeys, Store, 

No, 13 North Front Street About forty years a--,, the house now ttrolled by Messrs. Newell & Ridgway, importers of 

wines and liquors, al No 13 North Front Street, was f ided by Messrs T. I' an, IT C Newell, under the firm titled Newell 

a Bro in 1885 Sir T. C. Newell died, and in 1870 the firm became Newell a Ridgwaj On Jul] 86, 1891, Mi' T P. Newell 

died, and the present proprietors are Messrs. Harry Newell ami Charles S. Ridgway, Mr. Newell being a s r Mr. T. P. 

Newell. Mr. Ridgway entered the house in 1865, five years before being admitted to part ship Both gentlemen are 

f New Jersey, and mbersofthe Wholesale Liquor Dealers' Association. The premises upied <■<•!, sisi ,,i a six-stor] building, 

el in dimensions, ami ever] ivenience has been provided for the transaction ,,f business Messrs. Newell a Ridgwai are direol 

,s of the choicest foreign " lues ami liquors, ami make a specialty "t in Id whiskeys. An immense stock is at ih itrol of the 

,1 all orders meet with prompt fulfillment, while bed lock prices prevail. None but i he must reliable g Is are handled, an,! ever] 

1,1 is guarantee,! I,, I xaellv as represenleil. The trade Supplied extends through l','iilis\ Kama. New .lei's, -\ , lielaware an, I Man 

plendid whiskeys may he ha, I from Messrs New n ami Ridgwaj , ami all g is may i,e depended Hi to i,e exactly as represented 





natives i 
•Jl x III I 
import? 
firm, an 
thing 
him I 




OODCOCK BROS Mi faeturers ot Hosiery and Knil G is, Nos I09and 111 Jefferson Street Germantown Within thi 

hl'eii i i generation the hosiery ami knit g is industry has grown fron mparativelj insigniflcanl proportions t" vast 

magnitud mtown, and the improvement in the productions has full] kept] therewith The goods turned 

out bj ome of our leading firms in the lineindicated have h national reputation, ami in this com tion special menti - 

dueW Icock Bros., whose mills are located al Nos 109 and 1 11 Jefferson Streel rlie] an manufacturer; of hosii 

km' goods • >: i distinctly superior character, ami their productions command extensive sale throughout the United Sti 

high standard of excellence being maintained in them. Messrs t J. and John F W I k wl mpose the firm, are gentleme the 

prime ife and natives of England, but have been in this city since childh I Ih,". are both n of practical skill and man] 

experience, active and energetic, and are thoroughly conversant with the wants of the trade The] npj three in \ [as feel Booi 

Hie basement, an. I their establishment is equipped with ample steam power ami perfeel facilities Including one hundred different kinds "i 

knitting machines, while upward ol hundred ham Is are employed, The firm manufael >i I f hosier] ami i. mi g Is, the 

productive capacit] being from 500 to 1,000 dozen pairs pet da] aci irdin to tyle of goods, and tl tput is handled by Watson, Ball a Co 

selling agents. No. 62 While Street, N Y Tins flourishing enter prise had inception in 1875, when the business "as established in a very 

mode ' " !• in Thos W i Ii a Son the Urn n Isting of Messrs Thos w Icock and his son, T .1 w I ik Tins firm c lucted thi 

business up I ■ i admitted his other son John I Woodcock, to partnership, In isss n,,. senior partner retired 

and the present firm-name wai i power and machiner] being introduced into the establishment in this yeat 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



115 





test 3 * 



i'p 



Wm^ 







Market Street, east of Sixth Street. 

|IXUSAY. MINES & CO.. Iron, Steel. Ores, Coal. Coke, Nos. 411 and 413 Walnut Street By reason of its i tiguity to the great 

coal and iron regions, together with its exceptional transportation facilities by laud and water. Philadelphia hasattained and 
is bound to maintain supremacy, as the chief distributing center for the products indicated. The importance of the coal and 
iron interest represented in this city today can scarcelybe overestimated. The growth of this trade has been especially 
notable during the past few decades, and many substantial merchants have come to the front in the line within recent years. 
Among these may be mentioned Lindsay. Mines & Co., whose office is at Nos. 411 and 41:; Walnut Street. They handle iron, 
steel, ores, bituminous coal and coke and are doing an extensive business, their total annual sales reaching a handsome figure. Messrs. A. A. 
Lindsay and J. Lansing Mines, who compose the firm, are gentlemen in the prime of life and natives of this State. They are men of thorough 
experience and of energy and enterprise, well and favorably known in commercial circles, and are subscribers of the Bourse. The firm was 
established in 1888, and from the start has been highly prosperous, selling extensively to dealers and large consumers throughout Pennsyl- 
vania. New Jersey and Delaware. They handle large quantities of iron and steel scraps, making a specialty of pig iron, furnace ores 
and bituminous coal and coke, and can fill orders for anything in their line on the most favorable terms. They ship direct from the mines 
and producers in car lots and are in a position to offer substantial inducements, quoting bottom price! 

jJEBEB & PETZOLDT. Continental Carpet Mills, Manufacturers of Ingrain Carpets. Southeast Corner of Mascher and Putnam 
Streets, Nos. 2121-2123 East Dauphin Street— The products of the carpet looms of to-day are veritable works of art, while 
they are no longer confined to the homes of theopulent. as the economy of steam production has placed them within the 
means of all classes <>f people. Philadelphia has long been noted as the leading center of production in this line, and among 
the enterprising and progressive Arms engaged therein is that of Messrs. Weber & Petzoldt, proprietors of the Continental 
Carpet Mills, at the southeast corner of Mascher and Putnam Streets. This firm are extensive manufacturers 'of ingrain car- 
pets, including extra super, C. C. super and seven and nine pair Union in all the latest designs and patterns. The business was established in 
1870, by Mr Edward Weber, and in 1891 the present firm was organized by the admission of Mr. L. Petzoldt to partnership. The manufactur- 
ing plant comprises two floors, 50 x 80 feet each, splendidly equipped with fourteen power and four hand looms and all necessary machinery 
operated >■- steam-power, and steady employment is given to thirty-five skilled and expert hands. The goods here manufactured are of a 

, (uality, and alter many years' trial, have thoroughly substantiated every claim made for them and have given unbounded satisfaction 

wherever used. The output averages fifty-five rolls of carpeting, 130 yards to a roll, per week, and the retail trade is supplied direct from the 
mills in quantities to suit at the shortest possible notice and at terms and prices which are safe from successful competition. Orders are 
received from all sections of the United States, and are filled with eminent satisfaction and success in all cases. The copartners are both 
natives of Germany, expert and practical carpet-weavers, and useful, honorable and reliable business men. with whom it is always pleasant 
and profitable to deal. 




116 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




ILSON BISCUIT WORKS, Bisouil Manufacturers, J. B. Strachan, Manager, Nos.21 -Ml North Front Street i me of the 

greatest revolu seffectedin the methods of any industry the pasl quarter centur] is thai which has taken place in the 

production of crackers and all kinds of plain and fancy biscuits. This radical change has been brought aboui by the Intro 

duction "i machinery and improved thods by which large houses have to adegi btained < trol of the business 

minor rival! greal numbers of them being bakeries « »nl y in name, being supplied dail] with their goods bj the largei i 

cerns < u C the largest and most progressive houses in the United States engaged in tins line of industrj Is thai ol the 

New York Biscuit Company, « hose principal office i< in the American Express Company Building, Chicago, and whi have branches in the 

principal .-ities ,,i the Union The >\'M^, ,n Biscuit Works was originally Po led by Tt Wilson, who was suet led bj in* boii, Walter ' . 

Wilson, whoafterward Formed the Walter G. Wilson Co., which later changed to the Wild Cass Co.; still later to the Wilson Biscuit Co nnd 

i, i 1889 the present company was organized. Tlie Philadelphia factory, which supplies the trade throughout Pennsylvania, New Jersey and 
Delaware, is known under the name of the Wilson Biscuit Works. It is conducted under the management of Mr. J- K. Strachan, who was 

formerly with the Vanderveer & Holmes Biscuii Co . of New 5Tork, and has l,a<l IS years 1 expet lei in the trade; consequently understands 

pet fectly all its requirements The New York Biseuit t'ompany was organized ttinler the State laws of Illinois, witli a eapital of 810,000,000, 
and is a consolidation of Unity biscuii manufactories In the United States. The officers are ■ President, W. ll Moore, attorney, of Chicago 
Treasurer, G. P. Johnson, of New Xork; Secretary, George E. West, of New York. The works in Philadelphia are the largest In thecit] 

They comprise two spacious I ■ Btory buildings, equipped with six tile and five reel ovens. Employment is found for ~oo hands, 125 

barrels of flour are used dally, and the cakes and biscuits turned out cannot be excelled tor wholesomeness and excellence. 




JENTENNIAL NATIONAL BANK, Thirty- 
second and Market streets -The eity of 
Philadelphia has in the Centennial National 
Bank a most substantial and ably con- 
ducted institution, one which has largely 
ai'h',1 the development of the mercantile 
mil manufacturing interests of this community. It was 
organized January IT, 1876, and during the same year com- ' 

pleted and occu] i Its flrepi f structure at Thirty-sec- 

ondand Market Streets It lias a paid up capital of $300- 
Ooo. and is officered as follows— viz., President, Clarence 
H.Clark; Vice President II. M. Lutz; Cashier, J. M. Col- r : 
iingwood; Directors. Clarence II Clark, II M Lutz, C. g- 
E. Pugh, John Scott Jos. J. Martin and I', s Kimball. 1 
The banking rooms of the institution have every conven 
[ence for the prosecution of business, being also pro- ^ 
vided with two vaults of the Farrell make, and every se- 
curity against loss The Centennial National is a bank ^ 

of Issue, i u- posit and J is, nt; negotiating loans, handling 9 

'irst eiass commercial paper, issuing (trails, dealing in 1 
foi*ejgn exchange, and making collections on all available I 
points through as numerous correspondents, who include il 
the First National Hank of New York, the Suffolk National 
Batik of Boston, the Merchants 1 National and the Traders 1 
National Hanks of Baltimore. Its investments and opera- 
tions have been so successful that a snug surplus of $300,000 W& 

has * • accumulated, with undivided profits of $35,015.75, L? 

while its Individual deposits average $1,800,000, and its loans ^ 
anil ,lis mts *] :;;,ii imh Its saf<- d.-p sit \ :utlis are a nota- 
ble feature of this bank. An ins] tionof the vaults in this bank will demonstrate how absolutely this citadel of snfetj holds one's effeels 

beyond the reach of an] classol meddlers. The immovable compartment safe, of which you havetl nly keys, has tl nvironment ol 

■ •oiossal steni vault work imsiii -|,asse,i, as well as liars and holts, time locks, secrel safeguards, im iolable privacy, untiring * Igilance bj daj 
and night, experienced tit inagement, provision for any exigency, police service constant ami at command The ten dollar safe will hold 
., good fortune in si,„-i<s and bonds It will retain your family jewels, relics, souve tire, private papers, tied your will: and to it you have 
the freest resort upon ••very imsmrss day of the year. Boxes can hern be rented for from $.i to $40, according to si/,,-. « hlle'tbese omiIk 

have few equals in constru -t and thorough equipment. There is also a savings department inected with this bank, where deposits 

,,r Jj.i ami upwards are r Ived, on which Interest is allowed at the rai 'i per cent per annum. Tin- executive officers of this bank are 

all well known gentlemen in both tin. lal, commercial and soci d life 





| ANNER THOMAS Manufacture! ••! the Celebrated Excelsior Cot and Linen Netting, Importer of Silver Graj Giliing 

T« and Hemming's l-i-.li Hooks; Store, No n; Market Stt t : Factory, Nos. 8416 to 8430 Frankford Road An ild 

established house In this branch ••!" Industry, and one which has for many years enjoyed a first class reputat for Buperior 

work, is unit i, i Mr Banner Thomas He is th,. sole manufacturer of tin- celebrated "Excelsior ' Cotton Banding fi 

fjjvSVd'Sl wooleD ' worsted and cottoi lis; also Patent Hook Bands, for worsted spinning He is also the sole manufacturer ol the 

" •'"' - " t- xcelstoi Separator Belts for the creameries. These belts are acknowledged In all who have used them to be 

tar * '" "ol others in use. We would refer all parties Interested in separator belts to \ W Preston, Esq . Secretary of the Solebnr.i 

— '■ B Association, of Soleburj Bucks County, Pa., tor reference as to quality. This business "as established In 1817 by Mr. R I 

1 h the father ol the present proprietor, who conducted a rope and cordage manufactory al Nos. 3416 to 8420 Frankford Road, In 

]< ' : "" factor] was enlarged and a department for the manufacture of tin celebrated "Excelsior" cotton and linen netting of ever] 

descrlpl wat »dded bj the present prletor. He also established In is:,; a Btore having four 11 s, each 20x100 feel in dimensions 

Here he sells all, goods ol his own manufacture, and keeps on hand a full stock of netting, stiver grej giliing twine and Hamming's fish 

1 ks - "•' ia ''-" : '- : - ] " '"' ' barter's oiled clothing Sn extensive trad,- is carried on al both wholesale and retail in Pennsj Ivanla, New 

l '" 1 ■' ' "' ""• Southern States principally, and cattering throughoul other sections ol Hn- Union The best houses In the trade 

handle his products, anil he us nlj the besl mat. -rials for manufacturing purposes, quality being his first consider! The ample 

f this house enable II to offer Inducements to the trade, as regards liberality of terms and prices, which add 

materially i" the popttlai It] i mi: i, m Mi thomas Is a native ol Philadelphia, and is aboul sixt] three wars of nge. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



117 




|OSEPH POTTER, Successor to Potter Bros., Manufacturer of Straw Goods, Nos 529 and 531 An h Sti t: New York < >ffice and 
Salesroom, No. 88 Prince Street, Managed by Jas. Williams. — The gentleman whose name heads this sketch is one of the 
leaders in his line in Philadelphia. He has excellent facilities, turns out a superior class of goods and his trade is constantly 
growing. He was formerly of the firm of Potter Bros., established some twenty years ago, ami in isss succeeded the same 
as sole proprietor. Mr. Joseph Potter is a gentleman of middle age and a native of England, but has been in this country for 
many years, lie is a man of practical skill and thorough experience, active and energetic, and is well known in the busi- 
ness. He manufactures ladies', misses' and children's straw hats, and sells to jobbers throughout the United States. The premises occu- 
pied by him at Nos, 529 and 531 Arch Street are spacious and commodious, comprising the whole of a 40 x 300 feet floor, reached by 
••levator, and are equipped with steam-power, machinery, etc. Upward of fifty in help are here employed and several salesmen represent the 
house on the road. A v^vy large and fine stock is always kept on hand and all orders are promptly and carefully filled, while the lowest 
prices are quoted. Mr. Potter has an office and salesroom also in New York, at No. 88 Prince Street, and is represented there by Jas. 
Williams. 




|AL1. & CARPENTER, Importers of Tin Plate and 

Metals. No. 70S Market Street.— The elements of 

commercial success are seldom found in happier 

combination than in the case of the house 

of Hall & Carpenter, the well-known importers 

of tin plate and metals, at No. TOO Market Street, 
who have secured for the goods imported and manufactured by 
them such wide celebrity coupled with a trade of great and 
growing magnitude. It was on the first of February, 1867. that 
bhe above-named firm was organized and commenced business, 
and in 1883, by the decease of Mr. Carpenter. Mr. Augustus R. 
Hall became the sole proprietor, continuing the business under 
the old and honored firm-name. The business premises com- 
prise an entire five-story building. 22 x 355 feet, extending 
through the block to Filbert Street, where is carried the larg- 
est and most valuable stock of the kind in the city. This firm 
long ago secured the recognition and patronage of the best class 
of the trade throughout the United Stales, and the substantial 
inducements offered as to both quality ami price may be said to 
have had their natural result. This house handles the best tin 
piate and metals in the world; also tinsmiths' and stovemakers' 
supplies, sheet copper and ingot copper, black and galvanized 
sheet iron, corrugated conductors, spiral pipe, registers. Kale- 
mem sheet iron, zinc and japanned wares, wire nails and rivets, 
and many patented articles of which this house has the exclusive 
sale. These are all standard products, that competition fails to 
keep up to in many cases, and they invariably commend their 
own superior merits to the confidence and patronage of critical 
and discriminating buyers. This firm are also widely prominent 
as exclusive manufacturers of the " Crown Specialties. " The 
long experience of Mr. Hall in this branch of trade gives him 
superior advantages, while his high reputation is a sufficient 
assurance that all orders will receive faithful attention and 
will prove satisfactory to patrons in every instance. Mr. Hall 
was born iu Paterson, N. J., being a direct descendant of Robert 
Hall, who came from Westminster, England, and settled in 
Pennsylvania in 1683. Mr. Hall came to this city in childhood, 
and becoming of age was admitted into the house of W. N. & 

G. Taylor, becoming a partner in 1862 under the name and style of the N. & G. Taylor Co.. as importers of tin plate, withdrawing therefrom 
to found the present house. He was one of the foremost promoters of the movement for the formation of a direct steamship line from Phil- 
adelphia to Liverpool, and has long been a prominent member of the Maritime Exchange, Commercial Exchange, Board of Trade, Manufac- 
turers Club, Franklin Institute. Union League. Art Club, the F. and A. M. and the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and an honorary 
member of the First Regiment Veteran Corps. Heisan expert authority upon tin and terne plates, and " Hall's G. D. C.Ternes '" are typical 
in every State in the Union. 





PEQUIGNOT, Diatn Is Watches, Jewelry, No. B06 Chestnut Street— A leading headquarters in Philadelphia for dia- 

Is, watches and fine jewelry is the establishment of Mr. Z. J. Pequignot. This representative house was established 

in 1854 by Messrs, C. and A Pequignot, who were succeeded by the present proprietor in 1863. The store is spacious in size. 
and forms one of the attractions of this popular shopping thoroughfare. The display made in gems and precious stones 
at this house is truly magnificent. Mr. Pequignot is a connoisseur and expert of wide celebrity, and as an importer o£ 
diamonds, watches and fine jewelry he is a recognized authority in all the details and intricacies of the business. In gems 

and stones of worth, the selections here displayed are among the largest and el -est tohn found m the city. Diamond and emerald, ruby, and 

beryl, opal and pearl, sard and peridot, jacinth and spinel, topaz and turquoise, sapphires and cameos, intaglio- an. I sardonyx, rock crystal 
and amethyst, are all fittingly represented. Diamonds are here displayed of all conceivable shapes, of unsurpassed clearness, and absolute 
faultlessness— "gems of purest ray serene ;" rivere solitaire, cluster and pendant, panache and aigrette, necklace and bracelet chains, 
earrings and chatelaines— in fact, every article esteemed for its genuineness and suited for personal adornment here greets the eye and 
delights the sight. The line of fine Swiss and American watches is rarely excelled any when-, while everything in the shape of fine jewelrj 
can here be secured at the lowest prices. The constant aim and ambition of Mr. Pequignot is the purchase of articles of novelty, beauty, 
and merit, and his patronage is large and influential with the elite of the city, and with the most critical and discriminating buyers 
throughout the State. Mr. Pequignot was born in Switzerland, but has resided here since childhood, is still in the active prime of life, and 
recognized as an authority in the jewelry trade, and as an enterprising, progressive and reliable business man. 



118 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



i< ii i;l GLENDINNING \ CO., Bankers and Brokers, No. 14S South Fourth Street. f the principal houses engaged as 

bankers and brokers In this city is thai of Robert Glendinning & Co. The copartners, Mr, Glendinning and George \ 

liiilin. have had mature experience in their vocation, and are recognized authorities on all questions pertaining thereto 

tablishmenl was founded in 1864 by Mr. Glendinning, who in the -nine yeai became a member ol the Philadelphia 

■ i. i Kchange and in 18(58 purchased a seat in the New York stock Exchange, En 1881 Mr. Huhn, who bad been of the 

firm of W. II. 'IV vis & Co., became Mr. Glendinning's partner. Mr, Hulin has been a member "i the Philadelphia Stock 

mge since I860, and ■ >! the t !hicago Stock Exchange the past four years The firm have direct « ires to tbeii corres] dents, ■' and 

rmserand H. B. Hollins& Co., of New York, and Jamieson A Co , of Chicago, and are in constant receipt of the latest intelligence re 
panling the financial world Messrs Glendinning & Co. receive money on deposit and for Investment, and are general brokers in stocks 
bonds ami investment securities of all kiiuis. 





WILLIAMSON BROS 

PATENT COMBINED 

STEAM AND HAND 

STEERING GEAR. 



chini 

t In- business has 

tions i>r industrial progress in the Slate. 



WILLIAMSON BROS , Engii rs, Machinists ami Boiler Makers, 

Comer Richmond and York Streets.— The firm of Will- 
iamson Bros., ii"' w 'dl known engineers, machinists and 
boiler makers, established their business herein 1866, and 
make a specialty •>( patent lioistiug engines, ship steering 
• ii. iiu-s, h inding engines and locomotive steam cranes, while 
nanufacture stationary eugines, boilers, tanks and general ma- 
■ work. Pounded upon a substantial basis of skill, energy and integrity, 
j had a remarkable growth, and is one of the best illustra- 
The copartnei's are close students 
oft e progress made in Bteara engineering, and have included in their en- 
gines everj improvement t hat conduces ii ■ economy in running and increased 
horse power. The best of material only is used, and every part is fashioned 
and put together with the greatest accuracy and care. Every engine is 
severely tested before shipment, and is guaranteed to give satisfaction, while 
prices are at bed rock, and, quality considered, are the cheapest quoted by 
any engine builders in the land. The designs and patterns of this firm in 
hoisting engiues include spur geared bolsters with cone friction drum, link 
motion and positive clutch drum, or clutch on crank shaft, used fordock, 
warehouse, ship and builders 1 use, a- well as the finest types of frictional 
geared hoisters in existence, intended for fast hoisting, quick handling, and 
to avoid risks of breakage; which are in use on most of the principal steam- 
ships running out of \-'\\ York and Philadelphia, also on the Great Lakes 
and vessels in foreign countries, while for coal purposes thej have William- 
son Bros.' l'aient Frictional Geared Fast Hoisting Engine, which hoists 
half a ton of coal to a height Of sixty feel at the rate of 700 feet per minute, 
and handles fift} tons per h ur with each drum. This is the fastest type of 
hoisting engine made,and is used at the Reading Railroad < !o.*s coal depots at 
Philadelphia, Brooklyn, New lied ford, Newburyport and Salem, and by man} 
private firms in different cities. Their ship steering engines have the im- 
proved worm _:• ar of the llbro Handley style, and are most ingeniously con- 
nected to the steering wheel and rudder chains, either as sole motors or de- 
tachable. Tle\ are vastly superior to any other style, and are used in pref- 
erence to all others by the Pennsylvania Hail road in their ferry boats on New 
Yoi k Harbor, and also by the United states Navy, all the great American 
ocean steamship lines, the finesl lake steamers, and in use preferentially all over the world, 
equalled in mil ty, uiiprera dented in reputation, and undisputed in the broad claim of being the finest steam steering engines under 

sun The firm is composed of Messrs. <i. \V ., J. I>. and \Y. C. Williamson, the two first uai I being natives of the- Kensington disti ic 

Philadelphia, while the last named was born in Braudywine, Del. Messrs. J. D. and W, C. Williamson were formerly engineers In 
American Navy, and are active members of the American Society of Naval Engineers and the American Sncietj of Mechanical Engine 
All are in the uctive prime of life, ami are expert and practical engineers and machinists. 




ma\ just ly be described a: 



un- 
tlie 
t of 

lin- 
ers 




HE lh >WE SCALE COMPANY, No 508 Market Street.— The Howe Scale Company, of but land. Vermont, stand ;it the bend 
in their line, both as regards experience, facilities, and the wonderful record of then scales for uniform accuracy and 
reliability. The Philadelphia house has been In operation for some thirty years, and since 1838 has been under the manage 

meut of Mr, E, R. Austin, who has beei nnected with the company for mam) years, who supplies the trade throughout 

i i i in Pennsylvania, Southern New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland and New York Stale He occupies spacious and well 
• quipped premises, A heavy ami complete stock is roust. -m i h cat ried of the Howe scales, in all size- and of every variety; 

al*> ffee nulls, trucks, grocers' sundries, etc , while special trucks are promptly made to older The merits embodied In the construction 

of the Howe track scale are acknowledged bj the highest authority of civil engineers The.i are used In preference toan3 other make i.\ 
the leading railroads ol the country; also by leading coal mines and manufactories throughout Pennsylvania, Ohio, New fork, Illinois, 
Missouri. Michigan, Massachusetts, Kansas, towa, Alabama, Georgia, Colorado, Wisconsin, Texas, and other States Mr Austin, the man- 
ager, is a native Pniladelphfan, and a gentlemau of targe business experience and thorough reliability, with whom ft will be found both 
pleasant and profitable to deal. 



f> >S u \i:i:im: ii >\ Builder of Fine Caniages, Nos. 3300 and 2203 North Broad Street Mr Jos W arrington makes carriages, 
gles, phaetons, victorias and sleighs, equal in style, finish and workmanship to anj contemporary establishment in the 
city. Be makes a leading specialty of top buggies, and for excellence in this liue received the first premium medal in 1880, 
at the fair of the Pennsj Ivan la State Agricultural Society. Mr, Warrington was horn in New Jersey, but has resided in 
Philadelphia since boyhood. In 1876 he established business here, and has met with well earned success, acquiring an 
enviable reputation and building up a trade that comes from all parts of the United States, Mr Warrington turns out a 

1 f fine carriages, etc , ma le in any of the approved modern styles which the skill of the present da,i can produce u sings none but the 

verj best materials, The manufacturing facilities of the house embrace a commodious and spacious factorj . m which all the c 
of wood and Iron working, trimming, upholstering and painting are cai i ied on under the personal supervision of the propi letoi 




tperations 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



119 





I HOS. J. MARTIN, JR. & BRO., Attorneys at Law. Patenl Attorneys, Real Estate, Etc., No. 708 Walnut Street.— The several 
ramifications of the business of Messrs. Thos. J. Martin, Jr. & Brother, located in this city a! No. 708 Walnut Street, con- 
stitute, as a whole, a connection of considerable volume ami significance, the chief components of which are the professions 
of attorneys-at-law, patent attorneys (with an influential practice among patent solicitors, attorneys and inventors all over the 
United States) conveyancers and real estate agentsand brokers. The business received its inception eight years ago at the 
hands of the present copartners. Mr. Thomas J. Martin, Jr., attorney-at-law and patent attorney, and Mr. Frank P. Martin* 
conveyancer, and by the continued exercise of a sound judgment and scrupulous care in the fulfillment of all they undertake, the firm have 
rained the confidence and perpetual support of a large and influential clientele composed of trustees, property owners, executors, investors, 
capitalists, commercial and financial houses, etc. In addition to a general practice as attorney-at-law and patent attorney, the chief lines 
undertaken are the preparation, execution and detailed examination of titles, deeds, leases, trusts, wills and other legal instruments, the 
settlement, transfer and entire management of estates, the purchase, sale and exchange of all kinds of real estate, particularly fine residen- 
tial property in the suburbs, the collection of house and ground rents and interest, the letting of premises in general, and the speedy negotia- 

n i I. inns upon bond or mortgage at the fairest rates of interest on behalf of either borrower or lender. Handsomely appointed offices 

are maintained on the first floor at the location named, and among the several facilities there kept for the systematic conduct <-i the business, 
air registers of valuable and eligible properties on hand for sale, rent or exchange. The Messrs. Martin are young men of Quaker City birth 
and \h Thos. J. Martin, Jr. originally studied law under George Northop, Esq. 

EASING PAPER MILLS, Geo. F. Baer, President; James N. Mohr, Vice-President; J. Bushong, Treasurer; No. 133 South Fourth 
Street— Philadelphia, the home of the printer's art in America, has ever been celebrated as headquarters for the wholesale paper 
trade and a leading house represented here is that of the Reading Paper Mills, located at No. 133 South Fourth Street, in the 
Bullitt Building. This company was organized in 1884, under the laws of the State of Pennsylvania, ami own and operate three 
paper mills at Reading, Pa. The Reading Mill is equipped with two 1100 and two 1000 pound Umpherston and one Jordan engine 
and one 80- inch Fourdrinier, operated by steam-power, and has a capacity for turning out 12,000 pounds of book paper per day.' 
The Packerack Mill has three 800, three 600-pound and one Kingsland engine, one 73-inch Fourdrinier and ample steam-power, and turns out 
10,000 pounds of book paper per day. The Tulpehocken Mill is supplied with two 500. one 850 and one 1000-pound engine one Kingsland 
engine and one 62-inch Fourdrinier. together with both steam and water power, and produces 8000 pounds of manilla and rope paper per 
day. The company early achieved an enviable reputation for the superiority of their product, and the management in this city brings to 
bear every possible qualification for the successful carrying ou of this difficult branch of trade. They have developed a business of great and 
it. iwing magnitude in all parts of the United States, and are prepared to promptly fill the largest orders for all descriptions of book plate. 
Im 1 1-. . manilla and rope paper. The absolute perfection of their paper is guaranteed, and terms and prices are made invariably satisfactory to 
thetrade The officers of this company are as fo'lows, viz.: Geo. F. Baer, president; James N. Mohr. vice president ; Jacob Bushong, 
treasurer. These gentlemen are well-known Pennsylvanians, experienced and practical paper manufacturers, and of excellent repute and 
standing in commercial, financial and trade circles. 

IOHND EMACK, Slate Blackboards, Miner and Shippar of Roofing Slate, No. 411 Walnut Street; Yard, Slatington. Pa.— Of 
all the details which are in popular use in the art of building or construction there is scarcely any one which is more impor- 
tant than slate, and, indeed, as it, is the top and finishing crown of all the rest, it may. in this sense, he considered the most 
important. Vast quantities of slate for roofing are always in demand in the building trade, besides what is required for use 
in the interior of buildings, such as for mantels and other accessories and also for school blackboards and slates, while 
slate is, likewise, largely used for tiling, as it is superior to marble and outwears it, there being no friction: also, fur steps to 

i tern houses and for wainscoting, both plain and marbleized. The leading miner and shipper of this indispensable article in Philadelphia 

is Mr. John D. Eniack, whose offices are eligibly located at No. 411 Walnut Street. This gentleman handles all sizes and shapes of roofing 
slate as weh as slate blackboards, mantels, etc., and is one of the largest shippers in this line in the United States. The business was estab- 
lished at Slatington, Pa., in 1875, by Messrs. Caskie & Emack, the present proprietor succeeding to the sole control in 1K«7. He contracts with 
quarries for their entire yearly output, and is prepared to supply Lehigh, Bangor, Penn Argyle. Delta. Vermont, Chapman and 
Slatington slates, in quantities to suit, at the shortest possible notice. He supplied the slate for the Philadelphia postoffice, the temple at 
Broad and Berks Streets, the House of Refuge, at Glenn Mills, Pa.; and government buildings at Portland, Ore.; Chattanooga, Tenn.; Bir- 
mingham, Ala.; Washington, D. C. ; Huntsville. Ala.; Las Vegas, N. M„ and other places. Roofers and contractors are promptly supplied 
i" the lull extent of their wants, and terms and prices are made invariably satisfactory to all parties. The business is conducted exclusively 
at wholesale and sales average over 50,000 squares per year. Mr. Emack is a resident Philadelphian, in the active prime of life, a recognized 
authority in the slab- trade, a member of the Master Builders' Exchange, and a gentleman of marked business ability, wide acquaintance 
and eminent, popularity. 

|AMES NASSAU, Formerly of the firm Nassau & Kuhn, Proprietors of the Chas. C. Phillips Company, Manufacturer of Var- 
nishes. Japans, and Surfacers, No. 218 South Fourth Street.— The most enterprising, practical and successful manufacturer 
of varnish and kindred preparations in the world to-day is undoubtedly Mr. James Nassau, formerly of the late Chas. C. 
Phillips Company, and now an extensive manufacturer of varnishes, japans and surfacers, at No. 218 South Fourth Street. 
The business so successfully conducted by Mr. Nassau was founded in 1855, by Mr. Chas. C. Phillips, and in 1865 Mr. Nassau 
became a partner under the style of Chas. C. Phillips & Co. Mr. Phillips died in November, 1886, and Mr. Nassau con- 
tinued with the Chas. C. Phillips Company until January, 1892, when he became sole proprietor. The present works were built in 
1890, and cover nearly an entire block. The different departments are splendidly equipped, ably managed and thoroughly organized, every 
modern facility being at hand for insuring rapid and perfect production, and employment is given to a large force of skilled and expert 
hands. The output comprises all grades of varnishes and japans, while the leading specialties of the house are Nassau's Vitrealba for ivory 
whir.- Nassau's Ambroho finishes. Nassau's Opaltte surfacers. Nassau's primer. Nassau's wood finish, and all grades of cabinet, car and 
roach varnishes. Mr. Nassau is a manufacturer of a class of goods of exceptional merit, and they have secured distinct recognition through- 
out the civilized world owing to the uniformly high standard at which the same are maintained. These varnishes are adapted for use in 
every season and climate, and are noted for their brilliancy, rapidly drying properties, reliability and durability, and are notably economical. 
They are. in short, thene plus ultra of coach and hard wood varnishes, and the best and cheapest on the market. Every article sold is fully 
wan anied. while the prices quoted are remarkably low and the most liberal inducements are offered to the trade. Sales are immense in all 
parts of the United States, and a fine growing export trade is enjoyed with Germany. France and other European countries. Orders by 
telephone No. 1174, by telegraph or mail, receive immediate and careful attention, and all transactions are placed upon a fair and equitable 
basis Mr. Nassau is a native Philadelphian, an expert and practical varnish manufacturer, endowed with a genius for discovery and 
improvement, and an ambition to excel; a member of the Pennsylvania Association of Master Painters and Decorators, and tlie Philadelphia 
Bourse; and an enterprising, progressive and popular business man. 





126 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA 




Hah*. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



121 




|HE WEST PHILADELPHIA REAL ESTATE AGENCY, Clayton W. Peirson, Proprietor, No. 3818 Lancaster Avenue.— The 
handsomely appointed office of the West Philadelphia Real Estate Agency, locate" I on the first floor at No. 3818 Lancaster 
Avenue, is the centre of an extensive and influential real estate and insurance business in this section of the city, and it is 
now resorted to by property i iwners, trustees, capitalists and others for the execution of commissions in all brandies of the 
profession. The agency is popularly regarded as one of the most reliable ami expeditious mediums for the purchase, sale 

and exchange of property of all kinds, e especially residences in the Twenty-foui th. Twenty-seventh and Thirty -fourth 

Wards; while it is held in high repute for making prompt and accurate settlements, as also for the scrupulous care that Is exercised in 
the fulfilment of all transactions. In addition to the transfer of real estate, the agency is a headquarters for the speedy negotiation of 

loans upon bond or mortgage for both borrower and lender, ihe collection of house and ground rents and interest, il xainination of titles. 

etc., the transfer, settlement and entire management of estates and the letting of premises in general; while especial facilities are pos- 
sessed for directing all desirable Hie risks into the hands of the most responsible corporations at the lowest cut rent rates of premium. The 
business was established in July, 1887, by the present sole proprietor, Mr. Clayton W. Peirson, who was formerly of Peirson, Baldwin ,\ 
Yare. Ilr. Peirson, who is a gentleman of middle age, was born in Philadelphia and is subagent for the Buffalo German Insurance Co. of 
Buffalo, the American and the Continental of New York, the Security of New Haven aud the Westchester of New York. The firm also con- 
ducts a large business in rare works of art, and the lovers of art will find at the above address a large assortment of paintings, embracing 
tine .ut. productions; this latter comprehending almost every description of art work extant, the chief line being foreign and American oil 
paintings as the leading specialty, water color sketches, landscapes, crayons, pencil pieces, etchings, engravings, oleographs, etc. The 
distinct success of this enterprise is largely attributed to the fact that the manager, Mr. Clayton W Peirson. is a connoisseur and astute 
judg eand he selects the stock with a scrupulous care born of long experience. The show room ison the second floor, and a large and hand- 
some collection is kept on hand. 




!<>RGE BRANSON & CO., Manufacturers of Hosiery, N. E. Corner American and Jefferson Streets.— The eminent and 
enterprising house of George Branson & Co. has by reason of its able policy and skilful management secured to 
Philadelphia the most important trade in hosiery in this section of the country. Their factory, at the northeast corner of 
American and Jefferson Streets, is the largest and most complete of its kind in Pennsylvania, comprising three immense 
brick buildings, three and live stories high, fully equipped with steam knitting, carding and spinning machinery of the 
latest improved pattern, operated by a steam engine of 100 horse power; and steady employment is given therein to some 
500 skilled hands. The house long ago achieved national celebrity for the superiority of its product, and developed a trade and connection 
of the most desirable and extended character. It was m 1859 that this enterprise was inaugurated, by Messrs. Thomas Branson and Benja- 
min Schofleld. In 1875 Mr. Thomas Branson died, after placing the business upon a solid foundation, and his son, Mr. George Branson, 
succeeded to his interest. Mr. Schofleld retired in 1885, and Mr. Branson completed the new mill the following year, which is the model of 
its kind in America to day Mr. Branson 'lied in 1889, after an eminently useful and honorable business career, since which date the house 
has been under the active management of his son in-law, Mr. Win. W. Finn, Jr. Both as regards ample resources, perfected facilities and 
character and magnitude of its product, this house stands unrivalled on the continent, and the best class of trade has so decided. The 
daily output is 3.800 dozen of Branson's seamless half hose, ladies' hosiery and cut goods in a great variety of styles, while 10.000 pounds of 
yarn are made per week. The soundest judgment is exercised in the manufacture of their various yarns, while they lead the trade in 
originating new styles and patterns, and their colors and shades are remarkably brilliant, and their dyes are absolutely fast. The highest 
standard of excellence is maintained in workmanship and finish, and the goods are eagerly sought after by leading jobbers and retailers 
throughout flic country. The largest orders are filled promptly, and terms and prices are made invariably satisfactory to the trade. Mr. 
Finn, the managing partner, is a native Philadelphia!!, a member of the Manufacturers' Club, and a young man of experience anil ability, 
who has won a reputation in the industrial world highly creditable to his skill and integrity, while retaining to Philadelphia the supremacy 
in this staple branch of industry. 



HE MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY, of Germantown and its Vicinity. -A time honored, prosperous and popular 
home institution is that of the Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Germantown and its Vicinity, which was founded in 1843, 
being incorporated under the State laws of Pennsylvania. The board of management has been noted for ability, commend- 
able conservatism and reliable methods. The officers and managers are as follows: President, Jabez Gates; Secretary and 
Treasurer, Wm. H Emhardt; Managers, Jabez Gates, Charles Otto. Edward T. Tyson. Horatio G. Jones, Reuben V. Sal- 
lada, Henry B. Bruner. Benjamin Allen, John Allen, Charles W. Schaeffer. Peter B. H inkle, Thos. W. Wright, M. L. Finkel. 
Daniel B. Ruffn?r. A. B. Kerper and Wm. D. Douuton. These gentlemen are prominently identified with the financial and commercial prog- 
ress "t Germantown, and enjoy the esteem of all their fellow citizens. The company is in a most flourishing condition, and its funds are 
invested iii the most judicious manner. The total amount of risks in force June 30, 1891, was $16,973,549, while the amount for reinsurance, 
reserve, and for claims of every description was 8396.946 80. The company write policies in Bucks, Montgomery, aud Philadelphia counties 
only. Insurance is effected at lowest premium rates, to any amount, and all losses that occur are promptly and satisfactorily sett led 





lEOPLE'S FIVE YEAR BENEFIT ORDER. J G. Howard, General Deputy for Eastern Pennsylvania, Office No. 703 Chest- 
^TgJpypPJS inn sneer - The best record made by any beneficiary organization is tbat achieved by the People's Five Year Benefit Order, 
1 which was incorporated March 22. 1889. under the laws of Massachusetts, and is the first and largest five year benefit order 
in America. It agrees to pay each member, lady or gentleman, $500 in five years from date of membership, and from five 
to twenty dollars per week in case of sickness or accident. It paid $120,000 to the sick during the first eighteen mouths of 
itsexistence, while the cost of membership last year was only nineteen assessments of $1.50 each. The objects of the order 
are to unite in the bonds of protection, prudence and peace all acceptable persons between thirteen and sixty-nine, of good moral character, 
industrious i,ai, its, sound bodily health, respectable calling, and who believe in a Supreme Being. There is connected with the order a Relief 
Fund, divided into four classes, from which each individual member shall he entitled to draw a sum. as he may elect, of $500, $400, $300 or 
$200. on which he is to pay from $1 50 to 60 cents on each assessment The laws of the order provide that $300 can be drawn in sick or 
accident benefits •« a certificate of $500 during five years' membership; not more than $20 per week for five weeks in one year. Assess- 
ments as needed will be called on the first of each month into the Relief Fund to pay sick, accident and maturity benefits This order is 
attracting the best citizens to its ranks, and in every city and town where it has been introduced it has met with decided popular favor. It 
is already so sob, 1 that competition does not come near it. and as an organization for the mutual assistance of members in the line of sick 
and endowment benefits it stands unexcelled, while the annual expense of carrying a membership is within the reach of all. It had written 
23,500 certificates up to June. 1892. and had accumulated $1 ,0 10.710 43 in assets. All money is deposited with the State Treasurer of Massa- 
chusetts, and the headquarters of the order are in Boston. The Philadelphia office is under the management of Mr. J. Griffith Howard, as 
General Deputy for Eastern Pennsylvania. This gentleman is a native of Pennsylvania, a resident of this city for the past ten years, a 
graduate of the Philadelphia College of pharmacy, and was formerly in the drug business in this city. 



1 •.'•.' 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PH1LADELPH 




i ; SEIDEL, Philadelphia Black Lead Crucible Works, Nos. 1324 to 1834 Callowhill Street i H ■ noughlj represent 

ative manufacturing enterprises of Philadelphia is thai known fai and near as the Philadelphia Black Lead Crucible 

Works, c lucted under the proprietorship «-i Mr. R. B. Seidel, at Nos. [324 to 1834 Callowhill Street, This house has been 

in successful operation since i s »'><'. and the proprietor has deservedly won a high reputation as an extensive manufacturer 
of superior black lead crucibles for melting steel, brassand other metals; also, anj size "i- shape made for chi 
assaying aud refining purposes; black lead stoppers, etc., for Bessemer steel makers; fine plumbago for lubricating and 
stove polish manufacturers; also, superior hammered charcoal iron of different sizes and shapes, The plant is perj extensive, comprising 

evi r.il two and three-storj buildings, fully equipped with uew and improved macl ry and ample steam power, and steady employment is 

■ 'ii titi\ to sixtj skilled workmen, & leading specialty is made of the article known as the black lead stopper, for Bessemer 
steel makers, in which department these works are reco I tecelling all others in the country. The ftnesl plumbago known in the 

world for lubricating and stove polish is also made here, and the superior black lead crucibles for melting steel, brass and other mi i 
produced at these works are widely preferred to any other brand, on account ol their reliable quality, care in workmanship and uniform 
i nee. The Henrj Disston saw works used over $50,000 worth of these crucibles last year. They are in heavj and influential demand 
on their merits, not onlj in all parts of the United States, but also in France and Belgium. The output averages 100,000 steel and 50,000 brass 
crucibles per annum, and all the products are guaranteed tostand exposure to the highesl temperature without alteration Orders, of 
whatever magnitude are filled with the utmost promptness and care, and terms and prices are made Invariablj satisfactory to the trade. 
Mr Seidel is a native of Reading, Pa., and was engaged in the iron business from his youth until 1866. He is still proprietor of the Exeter 

si i Min Forge al I xeter Station, Pa., where he manufactures superior hammered charcoal iron, and is ac unted amon ■ the representative 

manufacturers of Pennsylvania. He is ably assisted by ins son, Mr. E B. Seidel, who is general manager ol the crucible works and an 
expert authorit} upon all matters relating thereto. This house is. unquestionably, the oldest and most representative concern of its kind in 
Pennsylvania, the forefathers of the proprietors originally coming from Sweden. Thej supply many of the largest andbesl concern in 

Philadelphia and other large cities Their g Is being conceded to be the finest in the market. Their European trade is rapidly extending, 

the quality of their g Is winning universal praise Quality of material use] and the general excellence of their products has given this 

house a reputation second to none in this industry. 




>BG. MITTt >N, Jr., Manufacturer of Stonecutters 1 Tools Thirtieth and Walnut Streets, The growing demand Cor an improved 
class "i stonecutters' tools, etc . so noticeable ol iate years, lias, in the nature of things, resulted in marked Improvement 
being made in these implements. Some of our Philadelphia toolmakers in the particular line indicated have a widespread 
reputation, and among these can i»- named Job ' : Mitton, Jr., corner Thirtieth and Walnut Streets. He is one of the foremost 

and best known in the business in this city, and lus productions rim and extensive sale, owing i" their exceptional 

merit. Mr. Mitton is a gentleman of middle age, active and energetic, aud was born in Pottstown, Pa tie is a man ol 
thorough practical skill and many years 1 experience, and is an expert toolmaker, steel worker and machinist. He lias been established in 
i lit- business since 1875 and was formerly located at No. 3116 Chestnut Street, whence he moved to Thirty first and Ludlow Streets, occupying 

the present quarters about seven years His shop is ample and perfectly equipped, three fires being in operation here, and i mber of 

skilled mechanics are regularly employed. Mr, Mitton manufactures hammers, drills, crowbars, jumpers, chisels, points, wedges and stone 
ol every description, and is prepared to make anything in this line to order, at shortest notice. Every article turned out by him is 
warranted as to workmanship aud material, and repairing and sharpening are attended to a Ism in the most prompt and excellent manner 
His prices, too, are very moderate, and ins | rade which is large, extends throughout Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey and, praci h 
all over tin untry. 




j|ENSt »N i;i;i I'l'llKKS. Manufacturers of Knit (ioucK \o 1425 M.un Street. Germantown The house of Henson Brothers, in 
Germantown, is recognized far and near as i he most enterprising and progressive « if any in the knit goods industry . They 

manufacture a full line of ladies' hi^h-elass knit j*oods, such as rape*, h Kami jackets, turning out only the finest class of 

work and ranking as leaders in their line of industry En this country, The foundation of tins business was laid in 1858, by 
Mr. William Henson. in a modest and unpretentious way, making his own machinery and steadily developing his business "ti 
the substantial basis of merit He was. emphatically, a pioneer in the knil 'goods industry in tins section, and his sons 
received a thorough training in the art of manufacture under his careful tuition and guiding hand, The two oldest sons, Messrs. I". W. and 
i s. Henson, succeeded their father, and on their retirement, in 1890, their younger brothers, Messrs, a. a and J. B. Henson, became the 
proprietors, under the present name and style. The main mill is a three-story structure. 50 x 150 feet, supplied with new and improved 
machinery . operated by a steam engine of 35-horse power and the output is one of great magnitude and variety, This firm is famous 
for the introduction of novelties in ladies' knit goods that should and have proved remarkably attractive and popular. The firm are con 
stan My studying on new designs and fresh novelties, and theirs is the house above all others for new goods and taking novelties made up 

t'roiu k nit ted fabrics. All i heir ^ is are not able for beauty of design, first class materials and artistic n orkmanship and are in heavj 

.mi increasing demand by leading retailers in New York. Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston, si. Louis, New < Orleans, San Francisco, Baltimore, 
Washington i lincinnati, Cleveland, Detroit, Milwaukee, si Paul. Minneapolis, Omaha, Kansas City, Louisville, Atlanta, Richmond, Wil- 

■ li. Newark, Jersej City, Pit! sburg, Buffalo, Proi idence and other trade centers throughout the country. Orders are given pr pi 

and perfect fulfillment, and terms and pr s are made eminently satisfactory to the trade. The sales agents in New York < :ity are Messrs. 

Kii.be. Chaffee & Uo. The sound judgment and executive capacity of the proprietors is generally recognized, and the favorable prospect \ foi 
this house indicates the permanent retention to Philadelphia of the supremacy in tins mosl important branch of skilled industry. 




TEMPLE GLENN, Jobbing Bricklayer, No, 1081 Sansom Street, Etesidei , No 1519 Tasker Street -The brick contractor 

occupies a most important position in the industrial world, as very extensive operal s are t stantly going on in brick- 

and in building. One of the oldest Philadelphia houses engaged in the trade isthat of Mr .J Temple Glenn, whose 
ojflflce is ai No 1081 Sansom Street, and his residence at No. I5JJJ Tasker street. Tins estabUshmanl was founded In 1855 by 
Mr. John E. Glenn, and in 1879 he admitted to partnership his son, Mr J. Temple Glenn, the firm-name ol John K Glenn & 
Son being adopted, Eleven years ago Mr J Temple Glenn succeeded to the solecontrol He has had eighteen years' 
practical experience in his vocation, and has amprj proved his executive ability and trustworthiness in the fulfillment of contracts. He 
carries on a general business as a jobbing bricklayer, executing bricklaying In all its branches, building and contracl work, and makes a 
leading specialty of boilei and engine work * >ver fifty hands are employed, and the trade is derived from all parts of the cltj and its vicin- 
ity Imong the important tracts fulfilled by the firm was the building of the Central Theater, the brick foundation of the Edison elec 

trie light plant, storehouse al Forty-ninth and Seneca Streets, schoolhouse al Frankford Avenue and t mtario Street, six large boilers for 
Fordet s Glazed Kid Works Frankford V venue and Wheatshenf Lane: twelve 800-horse power boilers, Edison electric light works; Lans 

town Mills; ir«»n foundry, Twentj e nd and Ontario Streets; the Bo we resi lence, Thirty second and Columbia a. venue, and many others. 

Estimates are furnished at short notice and all n orfc don,- under the supervision of Mr. Glenn is certain to give satisfaction. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



J 23 



EXRY ALLEN & CO., Bankers and Brokers, No, 129 South Fourth Street, Bullitt Building -One "1" the most prominent firms 
operating on the stock exchanges of this country is ilia t of Henry Allen & Co., whose headquarters are al No 31 New Street 
New York, and who have branches at Chicago, Philadelphia and Buffalo, their office in this citj being at No. 129 South 
Fourth Street. The proprietors, Messrs. Henry Allen and E. L. Norton, are members of the New York Stock Exchange, 
the New York Produce Exchange, the New York I 'otton Exchange and the Chicago Hoard of Trad.-. They have been a long 
time established, and now command a very extensive, influential clientele. The manager of the Philadelphia branch is Mr. 
C. Gray, who has been operating in this line the past four years. < >n the opening of an office on April 25, 1892, in (his citj , Mr. Gray was 
pointed manager, a position his experience well qualifies him to satisfactorily fill. The firm carry on an active business as bankers and 
okers, on a strictly commission basis. They buy and sell bonds and stocks for cash, or on margin, and special attention isgiventothe 
amotion of solid and substantial enterprises, and they a Ism buy and sell grain, cotton and provisions. All facilit ies are possessed for the 
mi apt I ransacl ion of business, and all cust< >mers have their interests advanced in the most careful and intelligent manner. 





jVIL PRINTING O >.. Printers and Lithographers, Nos. 31)41-5 Market Street. -Lithography is the art of drawing or engraving 
upon stone designs from which impressions can be taken on paper. It is a branch of engraving and a very important one, 
since it has to a great extent superseded engravingon steel and copper, while its comparative cheapness, the cost being 
aboul one-third that of engraving upon metal, commends it to general use. The largest and leading printers ami lithrogaphers 
in Philadelphia are the Avil Printing Company, who operate an immense establishment at Nos. 3941 to 3945 Market Street. 
This extensive business was founded in 1876, by John 1>. Avil, at No. 4042 Market Street, with one cylinder and two job presses 

and a fifteen-horse power engine. The business developed at a rapid ratio, and in 18S3 a new building was erected h\ Mr, Avil which 

he was obliged to enlarge the following year;and in 1889 thej built a seven- r^fe*. .. < ^-- 

storj addition in the rear, adding a four-story building in 1891, with two floors 

adjoining and a large vault for the storage of plates, etc. The premises now 

occupied exclusively for their business comprise two floors measuring (50 x 190 

feet, three floors, l 1 ' x 190, one floor 40 x 157, one floor 40 x 87 and two floors 

i i \ (JO feet, the remainder of the property being rented to other parties. The 

equip ii'-ni is thorough and complete, embracing thirty-five presses, three being 

lithograph power and three lithograph hand, besides twenty-one cylinder and 

eight job presses, and six wire stitchers, four paper cutters, two folders and 

pasters and 650 fonts of type. There is a complete electrotype foundry con- 
nected, while the firm also manufacture their own printing ink, and employment 

is given to two hundred skilled and expert hands, the motive power being fur- 
nished by a 60-horse power steam-engine. The line facilities of the company 

enable them to execute in the most workmanlike and artistic manner and with- 
out any delay the largest contracts. The arrangements which they have per- 

fected with artists and designers are such that they can furnish every variety 

of illustration, and in the department of lithography the company are the rec- 

ognized leaders in this section of the country All branches of commercial and 

job printing are given prompt and skillful attention, such as letter, note and bill 

heads, checks, drafts, notes, receipts, bills of exchange, certificates of stock, 

and all kinds of line printing and lithographing. Large orders are received from 

all quarters of the globe, and the house has its permanent patrons in New York 

City and London, in Chicago anil Paris, in Boston and Berlin, in Montreal and 

Madrid, in San Francisco and St. Petersburg, in the City of Mexico and the 

little islands scattered over the ocean. Its field is the world, Trade depressions 

in local places do not affect it. Its daily output is larger than that of any com 

peting concern here, while it turns out better work than any of its rivals, and 

can claim with mighty England that the sun never sets upon the products of its 

industry. The Avil Printing Company was incorporated in 1886, and is officered 

as follows, viz: John D. Avil, president: H. S. Smith, vice-president; Frank S, 

II i.lliy, treasurer; Charles H. Clark, secretary. President Avil is an expert and 

practical printer of vast experience and established reputation ; the owner of the company's immense business premises, which cost in the 

neighborhood of $150,000, and a useful, public-spirited citizen. Vice-President Smith is president of the Historical Publishing Co. The 

treasurer, Mr. Holby, has been with the house since its first inception, and both he and the secretary, Mr. Clark, are accomplished and faith- 
ful officials. 





rKUS BORGNER, Successor to Borgner & O'Brien. Manufacturer of Fire Brick and < !laj Retorts, Twenty thud Street, Above 
Race.— The facilities possessed by Mr. Cyrus Borgner as a manufacturer of firebrick and clay retorts at Twenty-third Street , 
above Race, for producing the Lest quality of goods are not excelled anywhere, while the guarantee that goes with all 
products is proof of the care exercised in workmanship and the reliability of all stock used. The reputation of the products 
has caused a heavy demand in all pans of the world, and this gratifying result is attributable notonly to the superior qual- 
ity of the goods but also to the uniformly equitable policy that has dominated the operations of the house, warranting the 
remark that in its particular line of manufacture, there is no concern in the country that we can more readily endorse as affording their 
customers both general and special advantages not easily obtainable elsewhere. The business was originally established in 1870, by Messrs. 
Borgner & O'Brien, the present proprietor succeeding to the sole control in 1891. The plant includes an extended water front and direct 
railway connections, with a two story brick building, 80x305 feet, and an addition measuring Tax 150 feet, while the equipment is thoroughly 
complete and perfect. The house is headquarters for fire brick and clay retorts of every description; also for tiles, fire clay, fire mortar, 
ground brick, circle brick and blocks in great variety, while brick and tiles of any shape are promptly made to order. An immense stock 
of standard sizes is constantly carried and the house is in a position to guarantee the prompt and perfect fulfillment of all orders and to place 
all transactions upon a substantial and satisfactory, basis. Shipments are made to every quarter of the globe and the goods are as highly 
appreciated in Paris as in Philadelphia, in London as in New York, m Vienna, Berlin and Hamburg as in Chicago, Boston and Baltimore 
Mr. Borgner is a native Philadelphian, a member of the Board of Trade, a charter member of the Builders' Exchange, a director of the 

Bourse, and ai ted as one of those active, energetic, public-spirited businessmen, who build up great enterprises in everj avenue of 

commerce and trade. 



124 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




OWNSEND WHELEN a CO., Bankers and Stock Brokers, No. 809 Walnut Street Oi I the principal firms engag< 

bankers and brokers in t his city is that of Messrs, Townsend Whelen & Co., whose business quarters are located at 
No K)9 Walnm Street. This representative house was established In 1881 by Messrs. Charulej & Whelen, who were 
,1 in i860 by Edward S. Whelen & Co., and on July 11, 1865, the present style was adopted Messrs. 
Townsend Whelen & Co. cari^ on general operations ;i- bankers and brokers, recelvh ig deposits subject to check at 
sight, allowing interest on daily balances, buying and Belling all classes oi stocks ana bonds on commission, ai d carrj tog 
the same on margins on the most favorable terms, and their ample resources and influential connections enable Lhem i" satisfactorily meet 
all tin* requirements of those with whom they have dealings. The latesl stock news is constantly being received, and the fullest Informa- 
tion regarding the movements of the market is available to customers. The New York correspondents ol the firm are Messrs, Tilling- 
liast & Griffin ol No. li Wall Street, while they are authorized agents lor the city of Pittsburgh, the citj of Allegheny, the Allegheny 
Vallej Et ill road Company, the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad Company, the New England Loan and Trusi Company, of 
i '■■- Moines, [owa, and ot her corporations. They execute large orders Cor business houses and private parties fi ectioi - ol I be 

i states, i ii.i ill-- character of their clientage abundantly demonstrates their energy, ability and influence. Appraisements of i 
are made free of charge, and the facilities possessed by this firm for covering everj branch of their business are unsurpassed and rarely 
equalled by any of I bu-r contemporaries in Philadelphia or New York. The individual members of this firm are Messrs. I bury Whelen, 
Wiiham N. Whelen, Henry Whelen, Jr., and Charles S. Whelen. Robert Coleman Drayton and J. Hunter Ewing, who have been in the em- 
ploy of the Messrs. Whelen for many years, have an interest in the business. The firm are well known members oi the Philadelphia 
New York stock Exchanges, and financiers of large experience, wide acquaintance and high repute. 




W. PATTON & CO., Foreign and Domestic Wool, No. 88 North Front Street.— There is no interesl of greater Importanci 
among the commercial resources of Philadelphia than the trade in wool, the aggregate annual transactions in this staple 
being of immense magnitude. Among the many houses engaged in this line none are more favorably known than that of 
i;. W. Patton <S Co., whose headquarters are at No. 38 North Front Street. This Arm was organized ten rears ago, and in 
* 1891 Mr. C. J. Bigley, Mr. Patton's partner, retired. Mr. Tat ton is a native Pbiladelphian and has for many years been 
identified with the wool industry. He was for twelve years a partner in the firm of Wm. iiaii & Co. His thorough expe 
, has given him an expert knowledge of wool, its vain---, and all the requirements of the trade, and how best to meet the 
demand. The war. -in .use occupied has four floors, each 25x125 feet in dimensions, and Mr. Patton also has a n arehouse at No. :il North 
Water Street, having five Hours, each 35x225 feet in area. Heavy stocks are carried at both i laces Mr. Patton is an importer of foreign 
also of worsted and mohair yarns, and is a genera] dealer in all grades of foreign and domestic wool, woollen rags and shoddy. He 
has a large shoddy factory at Clifton Heights, Delaware County, Pa., which is equipped with three picker machines and six double sets 
of cards. The trade of the house is large, active, and extends all over the country, but is particularly heavy in Pennsylvania. New Jersey, 
Delaware, New York and New England, and Mr. Patton is prepared to meet orders at lowest CUl rent quota t ons. 



rience, the re fort 




JAMES E DINGEE, Brick Manufacturer, Principal Office, Twenty-sixth and York streets.— In the manufacture of building 
brick a leading and representative position in this city is occupied by Mr. James E, Dingee, whose office and brick yard are 
at the junction of Twenty-sixth and York Streets, and his residence at No. 1707 Master Street This is a time honored con- 
cern, having been established in 1832 by the father of the present proprietor, Mr, Edward Dingee, bj whom it was directed 
up to 1643, when ins si a, Mr, James E. Dingee. succeeded to the ownership. These bi Ick works are probably the largest in 

the city. The properly occupied covers an area Of eighteen acres. The mechanical equipment is of the most complete, 

approved character. There are twelve large kilns, two boilers of 100 horse power each, two steam power presses having eachadairj 

capacity Of NU.iHH) hriek. ami I wo I trick machines of 30,000 bri'4. eapacin a day each; then there are twenl\ live b.md n . | v.enty- 

eight teams, and employment is found for about S50 hands. The output amounts to 32,000,000 brick a year, a leading specialty being made 
of pressed brick, and these are all disposed of in Philadelphia and vicinity. The products are all of a superior, uniform, reliable chai 
an I a heavy stock is carried to meet, the active demands Of the trade. Mr. Dingee is a native of tins city, a member Of the Master Builders* 
Exchange and several fraternal societies, and he sustains a first class status in the business and financial world. 




SMM1 BROS., Manufacturers of Pearl and Vegetable [vory Buttons of Everj Description, Nos. 123 and 125 North Firth street. 
Tie- designing, ornamentation and production of the liner class of buttons enlist the services of the best talent available 
in several «>f our large manufacturing cities. Burtons are of two kind-, those which are to be sewed to thegarmenl through 
holes drilled in the button itself, and those winch have a shank by which thej are attached to the garment A representative 
in. use in Philadelphia engaged in the manufacture of pearl and vegetable Ivory but ions is that of Qemmi Bros., located at 
Nos 133 and 133 North Fifth street. Tin- business was established En 1890 at the present location, and a liberal, permanent 

and Influential patronage has already been built up. ft is f the Largest establishments In its line in the city, and employment is fur 

nished to from oue hundred t hundred and twenty-five skilled and experienced workmen. The premises occupied comprise a fl 

40x100 feet in dimensions, fully equipped with all improved machinery, operated by steam power. The pearl and vegetable ivory buttons 
manufactured bj this house are unrivalled for quality, design, elegance, reliability and excellence by those of anj other flrsl class house In 
the trade In this count ry or Europe, The goods are general favorites with jobbers and retailers, and command a readj sale h herever In 

n-oiueed. while Hit* prices quoted are the lowest in the market. The bouse has tl apaclty of producing from four thousand 

thou r week, and is prepared to till orders of any magnitude promptly, Its trade extends all over the I oited States, and is 

beiug constantly ii creased under the efficient efforts of a corps of competent traveling salesmen. Mr. Barton Qemmi, the active member 
of the firm, I risineaud reliable business man. and has had fifteen years' experience in tins business The house has developed 

an extensive industrial very bei [useful character, in every respect a credit and i source of strength to the city. 

):< mi: \Id> HOLMES, Manufacturer of Exti Engrain Carpetings, Hai <k Street above 1 ehigh Lvei ue An old 

established house holding a popular place in the carpet trade Is that of Archibald Holmes. This establishment was founded 
Payloi Street, b I ■■■ - ■ ■ pi wh began with sixteen hand looms. Success following his efforts, he 

afterwards rem '.veil to Trenton V venue, where he put in twelve power looms. Prosperity continuing to attend hin 
ent address, where the equipment comprises I wenty looms, all run by steam pon er, and h i 
productive capacity nf one bundled and forty rolls of carpet per month, each roll having one hundred and Ports yards, or :< 
hoiisaud yards monthlj . Employment is found for thirty-five experienced hand-. Mr, Holmes lias had ma- 
rience in his vocation, possesses an expe t km m ledge of all its details, and personalis looks after the labors of ins assistant He 
ures e\tia superfine El stings in a large variety of hand ms, He is constantly Introducing new patten 

pt up to the highest standard of excellence. Mr. Holme- was born abroad but has lived En Philadelphia fi 

past forty-five years. He has built up a s] ... i rs in New York CI 

Louis, and other prominent cities. 




lure eXpl 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



1 25 



JWEXS BROTHERS, Manufacturers of Fine Cloth Hats and Caps, Factory, Palmyra. X..I.: Office, No. 620 Arch Street That 
the manufacture of fine cloth hats and caps is one of great magnitude is sufficiently evidenced by the operations of this 

prominent old house alone. The spacious factory ii upies at Palmj ra, X. J., is equipped with a great number of the most 

perfect machines, but despite the productiveness which these facilitate, regular work is found for forty trained operatives. 

Cloth hats and caps of the finest description are made in an infinite variety of styles, shapes and sizes, and a stock of great 

bulk is at all times carried. Owens. Roemich & Co. were the founders of the business, in 1880, and the business has been car- 

i, i "ii for five years under the present title. The present firm consists of Harry H. and Frank T. Owens, both experienced and honorable 

young men. The trade extends all over the United States and goods are shipped direct to purchasers. The Messrs. Owens were born in 

New Jersey. They are young men occupying a foremost position in the front ranks of their industry. 






\ia it Street, West of Sixth Street. 



5ARLE. VANNEMAN & CO ..Importers and Jobbers 
of Hosiery, White Goods. Notions, Men's Furnishing 

( ; Is, No. 131 Market Street. — A new aspirant for the 

favor and patronage of the trade in hosiery and notions made its ap- 
pearance in Philadelphia in 1870, upon a basis of substantial equipment, 
ample resources, magnificent facilities, and a wide and valuable expe- 
rience, such as no other firm could command at its inception. We refer to the poptdar and flour- 
ishing house of Messrs. Searle. Vanneman & Co., located at No, "31 Market Street. They are 
extensive importers and jobbers of hosiery, white goods, notions and men"s furnishing goods, 
and carry at all times an immense stock of both foreign and domestic products. The building 
occupied for trade purposes com uns tour floors and a basement. 40 x 150 feet each, with an annex floor of the same size all 
arranged to the best advantage for the adequate display of goods. As importers, this firm possess facilities unsurpassed by those ol anj 

of 1 heir contemporaries, and at onstantly offering a large and varied assortment of the choicest fabrics and latest styles and novelties 

culled from the best markets of the world to enrich the salesrooms of American dealers. The specialties embrace ladies' fast black cotton 
hosiery, ladies' colored cotton hose, ladies I. isle bos.- unbleached Balbriggan hose, opera hose, ladies' silk hose, children's cotton bosierj 
children's Lisle hose, infants' hosiery, children's silk hosiery, gentlemen's solid colored cotton ball' hose, genuine Irish Balbriggan half hose, 
black and colored bright silk half hose, merino half hose and bicycle hose, double satin damasks, cream damask, bleached table cloths tray 

cloths, cardinal cloths, linen si ting, fancy Turkish towels, huckabuck toweling, men's white shirts, night shirts, flannel and neglige 

shirts, silk outing shirts, linen collars and cuffs, waterproof and celluloid collars and cuffs, silk scarfs, white lawn ties, plain and fancy silk 
suspenders, hose supporters, sporting outfits, gentlemen's pajamas and line underwear, fine quality neck ruche, ruffling, skirt plaitings, 
tourist ruffling, made-up laces, children's lace collars, veilings, black laces, white real laces, white imitation laces, web laces, silk and linen 

handkerchiefs. Hamburg embroideries, aprons, buttons, tidies, pin cushions, and white g Is and notions in great profusion and variety 

Buying in large quantities from the most celebrated manufacturers at home and abroad, this firm have become widely and deservedly 
noted tor their splendid array of goods and the liberality of theirterms and prices. They supply the leading retailers throughout the coun 
try. being represented on the road by a corps of expert salesmen, and are in a position to guarantee the prompt and perfect fulfillment of all 
orders. The copartners. Messrs. O. H. Searle and T. H. Vanneman, ate both in the active prime of life, subscribers to the Bourse, and mer- 
chants of thorough enterprise and marked executive ability. 



Uii 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




|ENRY KELLY, Public Accountant, No. 58 South Third street, iNoi-thwest Corner Third and Chestnut Stret ts), In making 
referen :e to the more prominent public accouutants in Philadelphia, more than a passing mention should be made ol 
the business conducted by Mr. Henry Kelly, of No. 58 South Third Street, I northwest corner Third and Chestnut Streets, I 
which, albeil of an extensive and comprehensive nature, has a direct and by no means unappreciable influence upon the besl 
interests of finance trade and commerce here Mr. Kelly's operations, h bile largelj centered In Philadelphia and the adja 
cent districts, extend, nevi rtheless, throughout the United States, and comprise a general accountancy business Thekcephi 
and closing of books, the preparation of balance sheets and manufacturers cost accounts, ol which latter he makes a specialty, and the peri 

odical auditing ■•! i ks and accounts for any kind of financial, manufacturing', trade or mercantile, bouse are raattei - for which Mr. Kellj *s 

i - are largely sought But he devotes more especial studj and attention to what maj be designated the higher walks of tlie profession; 
the arran ement, adjustment and final settlement or determination of partnerships, the apportioning of claims where several interests are 
involved, the detection of defalcations, the ad justment of systematic discrepancies or faulty accounts and the preparation and ai'rangemenl 
of delicate and intricate accounts, as well as, the adjustment of estates and complicated interests upon recognized rules and usages "t" law 
and equity. Mr. Kelly has been established here since January i. 1884, and he has since gained the highesl reputation for the masterlj skill 
with which he deals promptly and decisively with anj matter he takes in hand, while as to accuracy ii need scarcely be said that without it 
ild not have survived the tirst twelve months there being but one result in accountancy, and that the correct one, Mi- Kelly has 

twenty-five years' practical experience at In- nmand and is a Fellow of the American Associat r Public Accountants He was born 

within the citj "' London, in 1847, and he ha- been :i resident <>\ Philadelphia si nee he reached the I nited States m [882. Mr. Kelly i-- i re- 
v called u| to examine properties of all kinds including large industrial enterprises, with a view to placing them on the market, 




STANDARD SEWING MACHINE COMPANY, No 9*3 *rch Street. The ** Standard ' rotarj shuttle sewing machine is acknowl 
■ i wonderful invention ol the age in its line, and is pronounced superior to anj other in the world, it is 
manufactured by the Standard Sewing Machine < !ompany of Cleveland, < 'in... and is sold in Philadelphia by .Mr i 1 1 Brown 
as the company 's manager for Eastern Pennsylvania, Southern New Jersey, the District of < !olumbia and the States of Dela- 
ware and Maryland, with headquarters at No 923 irch Street The Standard shuttle is who ad revolves upon ir v 
own center. It does not cease its motion while the machine is in operation, The old-style shuttles start and stop twice ai 
every stitch. This causes great friction, si rain, noise and unsteadiness, when rapidly run. The Standard runs ;is easj smooth and quiet at 
tones per minute as others do ai 70 i The Standard is self-threading throughout, except the needle, The needle is the shortest used 
in lock-stitch machines. Finer needles with the same size thread or silk can be used than In any old-style shuttle machine. The needle is 

self-setting . no change of tension required for different thicknesses of g Is There is no i oi holding the thread at the beginning 

of a seam to prevent it from being drawn down; no change of tension required for differenl lengths of stitch, The Bret stitch is pei feci 
without holdii of thread. The tension is entirely released when taking out the goods by a simple dei ice peculiar to the Standard. 

These unexcelled machines are mad.- in several different stj les for families, dressmakers and manufacturers. They are to be found "ii sale 
in all parts of the country, and are highlj endorsed bj users everywhere Mr Brown lias a stock of one thousand of these machines on 
hand in this city, to the end that no delay may be experienced in the filling of orders, and gives steady employ ment to 125 assistants In this 
agencj Mr. Geo. W. Hindermyer has charge of the retail department, and will be found prompt and efficient En meeting every demand ol 
the public. Mr. Brown is a native of Wilmington. Del with the Domestic Sewing Machine < lompany for eighteen \ ears, and a young man 
..I" wide experience, eminent popularity and sterling persi inal worth 




|0HN D. PESSANO, Real Estate Broker, No, 90? Walnut Street - For the past two years. Mr, Johu 1» Pessano located at No. 
907 Walnut Street, lias been prominently identified with the improvement and development of real estate in Philadelphia ami 
the suburbs, aud his nam-' is now closerj associated with some of the most successful realty investments on record. Of 
these may be noted the suburb of Berlin, which when opened up had one thousand lots, and now lias but one hundred and 
forty left ; the present value being far in advance of the original purchase price, also sixty-three beautiful houses at Fifty- 
second Street Station, and others ai Mount Airy near Chestnut Hill. Although established on his own account but two j ears, 
Mr. Pessano has taken a iong course of law studies and possessesa wide range of practical experience in the profession, extending over a 

pe I of fifteen years, thirteen years of which were spenl with one of the most influential real estate firms in this city, added to which he 

exercises sound judgment and scrupulous care in the fulfillment of all be undertakes, Thus, he has gained the confidence and perpetual 
support of a large number of influential property owners, capitalists, trustees, Investors and others in and around the city, for whom he 
transacts a general real estate business, buj ing, selling, renting and exchanging all kinds ol realty on commission, collecting house rents ;ti 
three per cent, commission and ground rents and interest at one per cent commission settling, transferring and talcing entire charge ol 
estates and negotiating loans upon bond or mortgage al thi I i iti ol interest; also undertaking the preparation and detailed examina 

tion of titles, d is, leases, wills, trusts and similar legal instruments, together with the several other branches of practical conveyancing 

while he possesses especial facilities for directing all desirable fire, life and accident insurances into the hands of the besl and soundest 
corporations at the lowest current rates of premium. Mr Pessano was born in this city in 1864 and is held In warm regard, as much for his 
sterling integrity as for his r gnized professional attainments. 




~.~m s * WILTB1 RGER Wholesale Druggistand Dealei in Paints, Oils Glass and Patent Medicines. No 233 Norths nd Street 

Anold-ti and prominent Philadelphia wholesale drug hoi is. is thai of D. S. Wiltberger, No 288 North Second Street, 

It is one of th< oldest aud foremosl in the city, being in existence for eighty odd years, and has always maintained a high 
reputation in the trade. This business was established In 1812, by Thomas Wiltberger, who was succeeded by his son 
i Wiltberger, who died in January, 1873, when ins brother, D. S. Wiltberger, assumed control, and has since conducted 
it with uninterrupted success He is a general wholesale druggist and dealer in paints, oils, glass and patent medicines, 
and is proprietor ol Barlow - indigo blue a preps ■ tional merit v?hich lias been on the market now for over forty years. His 

■ e. extends throughout Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delav are. The business premises occupy tour spacious tl "8 and 

are well ordered and excellently arranged in even department, The office Iscoi | No. 479), the facilities, altogethei are 

is and a dozen to fifteen in em| i th< i ■ > [ I lent, The stock, which is ol ■> c prehensive character, is verj iai ■ 

carefully selected and includes everything in the line •( pure drugs, chemicals acids, extracts, tinctures, etc., all the standard proprietary 
remedies and patent medicines seeds, spices, roots barks and herbs, soda, saleratus and kindred products, and mineral waters, toilet arti- 
cles, perfumery, soaps, sponges, chamo) ind druggists' sundrii in real variety; also a full line of paints, oils 
window glass and p rally. The trade is supplied on the most fa* orable terms, the lowesl possible prices being quoted, 
and all orders are filled in the most prompt and tru tw orthy manner. Mr. w iltberger is a gentleman past mid nd was born in tins 
city. He Is a man of eutire reliability In his dealii ness ability and experience, and is a member of the Philadelphia I 
the Board ol Trade, the Trade League and the Bourse 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



]-.'; 




|HE GUARANTEE C< >MPANY OF NORTH AMERICA, A. F. Sabine, Resident Secretary, No. 506 Walnut Street— The Guarantee 
Company of -North America, whose head office is at Montreal and whose Philadelphia office is located al No. 506 Walnut 
Street, is the original company in the United States, the oldest and largest of its kind in America, and the second largest 
purely guarantee company in the world. The business of this company is solely that of granting bonds of suretyship for 

employees of approved character, guaranteeing the faithful discharge of their duties in positions of trust. Its bonds are 

accepted and generally preferred by leading banks, railways and commercial institution- while its < tracts are amplv 

secured bj assets and resources of over $1,100,000, and an annual revenue of over $300,000 It also retains ample balancesat its several 
branches. The Philadelphia office was opened in November, 1881, and has been under the constant management of Mr, A. F. Sabine a- resi 
dent secretary, and as manager for Pennsylvania. New 
Jersey, Delaware and Maryland, with local agencies at 
Baltimore and Pittsburg. This office alone issued bonds 
mi the year 1891 t<. the amount of nearly $8,000,000, and 
the records and facilities of the company are at the 
service of its patrons, enabling it to surround employers 
with safeguards not to he afforded by any other means. 
This is the only guarantee company in America whicl 
confines its business exclusively to guaranteeing officers 
and employees of financial and commercial corporations, 
preferring experienced methods and continued solvency 
rather than an increased revenu accompanied by the 
hazards and divided attention of a mixed surety or 
casualty business. Its extensive ramifications and chan- 
nels of correspondence throughout the world afford im- 
portant means of protection to employers against the 

retention or admission to servit i pet-sons of doubtful 

integrity, and have often been of material aid to employ- 
ers m recovering losses in excess of amounts covered by 
the company's bonds. It has repaid to employers over 
$900,000 for losses sustained by the infidelity of employees 
without contest at law, while the prevention of defaults 
by thorough investigation and subsequent revision of 
employees is made a special point in this company's 
service it-- rate-, are based upon experience and prac- 
tical knowledge of the business, and they are the lowest 
consistent with efficient service and security. It has a 
paid-up capital of $3 4,600 with a surplus to policy holders 
of $590,583.80 and total resources for security of policy- 
holders amounting to $1,119,946.70. The officers and direc- 
tors of the company are as follows, viz.: President. Sir 
Alexander T. Gait, E. S. Clouston, general manager Bank 
of Montreal; Geo. Hague, general manager Merch. Bank, 
Canada; H. S. MacDougall, MacDougall Bros., finan- 
cial agents; T. G. Shaughnessy, vice-president Canadian 

Pacific Railroad; E. C. Smith, president Central Vermont Railroad. St. Albans; Wm. Wainwright, assistant general manager Grand Trunk Rail- 
road; Win .1. Withall. vice-president Quebec Bank. Montreal ; vice-president and managing director, Edward Rawlings. The Philadelphia 

directors i sisl of the following well-known and substantial citizens: Benjamin B. Comegys, president Philadelphia National Bank: .). 

Livingston Erringer, president Philadelphia Trust Company; Amos R. Little, director Pennsylvania Railroad; Thos. DeWitt Cuyler; Alfred 
M. Collins. A. M. Collins, Sons & Co ; John C. Sims. Jr.. secretary Pennsylvania Railroad Company; C. Hartshorne, vice-president Lehigh 
Valley Railroad; G. R. W, Armes. assistant treasurer Norfolk & Western Railroad; Geo. M. Troutman, president Central National Bank. Mr. 
Sabine, the resident secretary, is a native of England, who was connected with the insurance business lor a period of thirty-six years and is 
a gentleman of large experience, eminent ability and sterling worth, with whom it is always a pleasure to do business 





|HE WRIGLEY MANUFACTURING COMPANY. Sixteenth Street and Erie Avenue, one of the representative corporal s 

of Philadelphia is the Wrigley Manufacturing < lompany, known and honored both at home and. abroad as tin- proprietors of 
Wrigley's Mineral Scouring Soap, whose headquarters are located at the above address This company was organized in 
1870 by Mr, Wilha.ni Wrigley, and under his energetic and capable management its career has been remarkably successful 
while the steadily increasing demand for the product indicates how perfectly it has mel the wants of the public. The 
factory ls :i two-story building. 40 xlOOfeel iii size, splendidly equipped with the latest improved machinery and ample 
steam-power, while the work is conducted under the personal supervision of Mr. Wrigley. whose large practical experience and known 
progressive enterprise are evidenced in the superior qualities of the soap bearing the company's imprint. To clean, scrub, scour and polish. 
Wrigley's Mineral Scouring Soap is emphatically the best and cheapest soap extant, and is rapidly taking the place of more expensive arti- 
cles H is the most, offer i ive soap in the world for cleaning painted wood-work, floors, windows, oil cloths, wooden ware, glass and crockery. 
marble Hours and bath tubs: for scouring and polishing tin, iron or brass ware, knives and forks, si air roils, brass spigots, and all metal sur- 
faces, and for removing rust from machinery, surgical and denial instruments, etc . also for washing hands. With less application of 
M :ih. and in a briefer time it produces a lasting and brilliant finish on all metallic surfaces, while it is death to dirt in any and every form, 
is perfectly harmless to the skin and will not injure the hands Its sales are constantly on the increase— the trade tin ding it very desirable 

to handle, selling readily to the public, and. -e introduced, creating for itself a permanent future demand, it has. in fact, leaped at once 

into the line of staple products, and become a faun bar household word. Wrigley's " Up to I 'ale laundry soap is perfectly pure, softens 
hard water, ami will not injure hands or fabrics. The cakes are thicker and larger than the •' Ivory " soap, and are sold at live cents. It will 
float, and can lie used jusl as you like These goods are in heavy and growing demand, not only in all parts of the United States but in manj 
European countries. A branch house is operated at No. 1.7T ICiuzie Street, ( "hicago, which supplies the Western trade. Mr Wri^|e\ . the 
founder and moving spirit of this enterprise, is a ual ive Philadelphia!!, who served with honor and credit throughout the Civil War as captain 
oi i lompany IT 1 97th Pennsylvania Infantry, and who is past commander of Post No, '-' G. A K.. and also very prominent in Masonic circles 



L3S 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




EARLESO STRI SE, Dealer in Lehigh and Schuylkill Coal, Lime, Kindling w I, and Builders' Supplies in ( ieneral, Cemeul 

Sand, Stow iranej Cops Drain Pipe, Kindling M I 03 Bos or Load, Yard, Shtir's Lane Vlanayuuk Imong the 

besl known ol the mosi successful houses in Philadelphia engaged in handling coal and building supplies special mention 
shoul 1 be made ol Mr Charles O. Struse, whose yard is located al Shur's Lane, Manaj unk. Mr. Struse established busiuess 

ei ill pears ago, al the above address, and has sii buill up a large trade througl thecitj ami us vicinity ■ The ex ten- 

j ard occupied covers an area ol 75 x 356 feet, has numerous coal pockets, and is connected bj a siding with the Philadel- 
phia <S Reading Railroad, which conveys the coal directly to the pockets. These have each a storage capacity ol 300 tons, and a stock of 
IgOO ton ■ c >etl ■ always kepi on hand. Mr. Struse handles the best grades of Lehigh and Schuylkill coal, and also deals m kindling wood, 
, . ment, sand, stone, brick, chimnej tops, drain pipe, and builders supplies in general. Mr. Struse is assisted in the managem ml ol 
the business by in- two sons, who are twins. Four teams are run, and an active trade is supplied. The house sustains an excellent n | 
tion wherever known. Mr. Struse was born in Man ay unk, and is a stone mason by trade, having had an experience ol thirtj Ave years In 
this line, fie is also a builder, ami does a large business in building and selling houses hi inn- the war he enlisted in the 1 19th Regiment, 
Pennsylvania Volunteer Lnfantry, but was returned as too young. Toward the end of the war. however, he joined the 72d Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteer Inl 3 and took part in the campaign He is a member of Post No 12, G \ 1; also of the Masonic i 'rder, and enjoys the esteem 

of all Ins fellow-citizens. 



bM® 



|HE HASTINGS TRUSS CO.. Manufacturers ol Indestructible Hard Rubber Trusses, Leather Covered and Elastic Trusses 
Supporters, Shoulder Braces, Etc. No -'"- 1 South Ninth Street The Hastings 'truss Company, No 224 South Ninth Streel 
are the largesl producers of indestructible hard rubber and leather covered trusses, belts, siij.jM.rhTs. etc., En the world. 
Established in is;-..', under the name of Bastings \ < larson, their signal success is a triumph ol thai necessary combination of 
intelligence, mechanical skill and untiring energy. From Buenos ayres to Puget Sound, from Quebec to antipodal Australia, 
their trusses are kepi on sale \>\ druggists ami surgical instrument dealers generally In their special application department 
orders to meet particularly difficult cases are frequently received from the principal cities of South America, Spain Portugal, and even 
British India. Japan and China. The. United States government, through the Marine Huspiial Service, the army and the Indian departments. 




his favored this 

dels for large .jiiari 

ances The various 
often threatening 

blent, are sueeess- 
expert fitters in 
department, To the 
The Hastings Truss 
popularly known 
advertising of cut 
nil. mil in depart- 

trusses are fitted mmmmi^^^mm-^Baw^^BKm 

1 hal the best appli- 

the purchasing) apacity of the poorest sufferer 




company with or 

titles of their appn 
hernial lesion s. 
1 he lite of the pa- 
fully Heated by the 
their applieatitui 
Philadelphia public 
( !ompany Is \ erj 
through extensive 
prices in their ap- 
in-lit where their 
at such low charges 
anees are within 



The present head and front ol this thriving ousiness Is Major William II Bastings n ana •■<■ 
in l treasurer of the company, a well-known and popular citizen, and an elder brother of General D. II. Hastings. The equipment ->t The 
Hastings Truss Companj s factory is unsurpassed, the maehinery and appliances being of the most modern and improved patterns. Employ- 
t in- n 1 is given to from sixty 1 ie hundred employees The eajtaeiu ..1 the factory is one million instruments per annum. 




t;. ELLIS & CO., Manufacturers ..1 the Star Seamless Hosiery . Nos. 1 15, 141 and 1 1" Race street. The manufacture of la. lies' 
gents', misses', and children's hose is carried on in this city upon the mosi extensive scale by the Arm of W. G. Ellis & Co. 
whose establishment is located at Nos. 145, 1 17 and 1 (9 Race Street. Tins firm are deservedly promineni as manufacturers 
• ■I id.- star Seamless Hosierj and have been established in the business here si nee 1882. They bring to bear ample resources 

and splendid facilities, as an inspection of their large factory al lanthj Men strates. it comprises three floors 

50 \ luii feel each, equipped with 125 seamless knitting machines, flffcy rib frames, ten looping machines, and five Bew ing 
machines, operated bj steam power, and steady employmenl is given il< rem t-> from one hundred and sjeventy-flvo to two hundred 
. iperatives. The productive capacity of the factory 1 600 dozen per day. and these goods find s ready sale and a permanenl demand among 

■ 1 iei 3 in all j. arts of the United States. Qualit; is ever th Aral consideration, and the management is not only able and experiei 1. bul 

the most progressive of any in the knit goods industry, continually introducing to the trade with marked success various novelties and valu- 
able specialties which sell rapidly and take with the public wherever introduced. The hosiery here manufactured is preferred by many 
dealers toanj other make on account ol its great salabilitj . the uniform excellence and solid merits, while terms and prices are made invariably 
satisfactory to buyers. Shipments are regularly made to the great c ntere of Ne^ fork Chicago, St. Louis, Host on. Baltimore, Cincinnati, 
New Orleans, San Francisco, Kansas City, SI Paul, Minneapolis, Milwaukee, Detroit, Louisville. Atlanta. Savannah, Charleston, Richmond. 
Pittsburg and other points, and the trade is steadlrj on the increase. Mr. Ellis, the active member of the firm, is a native of Bucks County. 
Pa for some years with Ellis, Ayers & I !o., jobbers in hosiery and notions, and an expert and talented business man. whose sound judgment 
and e ■ icitj is general!] recognized. 




n IRLES CHIPMAN a s< >\. Manufa hirers E Hosiery and Underwear, No 1619 w akefield Streel Germantown To say that 
the hosiery and knit goods 1 interests in Germantow n constitutes a factor of surpassing importance in the sum of industrial ac- 
tivity of Philadelphia hardly conveys au adequate idea ol the greal extent thereof, Within a quarter of a century it has grow 
from comparatively limited proportions to vast magnitude, and it is worthy of remark, too, that the Improvement in the pro- 
ductions has fully kepi pace with the growth of the industry. Distinctly notable among the big concerns in the line Indicated is 
that of ( iharles Chipman a Son, manufacl urers of hosierj and underwear, No. 1619 Wakefield Street Tins is the Uu gesl and 
best-equipped plant of the kind in the citj and the facilities are of a mosi superior character. The Messrs. 1 !hlpraan manufacture an exceU 

lenl arl icle of cotton hosier; and underwear, and their g is command an Immense igl t the country. This flourishing euter- 

id inception in 1884, when the business was established by tin 1 Arm, who conducted II alone up to 1888, h ben lie 

admitted into partnership his son, Prank L. Chipman, The factory, which was built expressly for the purpose some three pears ago, is a 

apaclous four- story structure, with a T-extension dyehouse, etc . in connection. There is in prvice a 150-horse power engine, 818 knitting 

ol 1 irion kind eight; Bewing machines and all the latest improved appliances, and upward of 800 hands a 1 ed The pro- 

capacity is 300 d< izen pairs per day, and the output is sold to the trade through jobbers all over tl ountry. The Messrs. Chipman 

are Philadelphians by birth, air 1 ance trj baclt to 1668 in this city, their forefathers being among tl arliesl settlers hereabouts. 

Mr Chipman the elder is also interested En several other mills in Schuylkill County. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



120 



RTIIl'R W. HOWE, Iron Commission Merchant, Iron, steel and Ores. No 607 Drexel Building. One of the most successful 
and active commission merchants in the line of iron, steel and ores in this city is Mr. Arthur W. Howe. Though only estab- 
lished a little over two years he has in that time, by strict attention to business, developed an extensive and growing trade 
throughout New England and the Middle States. Among the companies represented by Mr. Howe are the New Jersey and 
Pennsylvania t Concentrating Works, of < tgden, N. J., producers of concentrated ore; the Delaware Rolling Mills, of Phillips- 
bur^. N. J.; the Princess Furnace, Glen Wiltch, Va : and the Muirkirk Furnace, Muirkirk, Md., etc. He has also a large and 

valuable trade in black furnace and foundry coke and bituminous coal. Mi'. Howe's office is conveniently located at No. 607 Drexel Building, 

where he is prepared to execute with promptness and care any business with which lie may be intrusted. 





ROFT A ALLEN CO., Manufacturers of Confections, Chocolate and Preserved Cocoanut, Market and Thirty- third Streets.— 
one of the n i«>st striking instances of successful business development in Philadelphia is that afforded by the < iroft & Allen 
Company, manufacturers of confections, chocolate and preserved cocoanut, at Market and Thirty-third Streets. The 
foundation of the business was laid in the sixties by Samuel Croft, and subsequently the firm of Crofl & Wilbur was organ- 
ized, succeeded in turn by the firm of L'roft, Wilbur & Co.. in 1870, and Croft & Allen in 1885; and on the first of January, 1891, 
ili> present company was incorporated under the laws of the State of Pennsylvania, with ;i capital stock of $400,000, and with 

Samuel Croft, president ; Ken. W. Allen, vice-president, V. W. Walter, treasurer; E. F. Roberts 

secretary. The presenl premises have been occupied since 1889, and comprise live immense 

floors, having a frontage of 330 feet on Market. 815 feet on Lancaster Avenue and 208 feet on 1 

Thirty-third Street, all fitted up with new and improved machinery, operated by a steam-engine 

of 250-horse power and four boilers f -ItHi-horse pi iwer, and employ men t is given to a force of 

600 skilled hands. There is an are and incandescent electric light plant, a De La Vergne refrig- 
erating plant for the ch< icolate cooling room, together with two elevators, automatic sprinklers 

and other modern improvements. The company are large importers of the cocoa bean and 

cocoanuts, and manufacture chocolates, lozenges, marsh-mallows, preserved cocoanut, cream : 

chocolates and fine imperial work, all in immense quantities. Their fine chocolate goods proved 

at once a gratifying revelation to the trade, and have spread into widespread popularity and 

growing demand. Their confections include all the rare, exquisite flavors so difficult to obtain I 

in their pristine excellence elsewhere. The management has shown marked enterprise 

widening the field of their styles and novelties in flavors, combinations and importations, and j 

confectioners handling their goods can meet every taste and fancy in pure and wholesome j 

confectionery. They have always believed in giving the public the best only. They consequently 

use only the purest and choicest of chocolates, sugars, flavors, extracts and vegetable colors. 

all manipulated in the most cleanly and scientific manner, by their own processes, with th>- 

result that purchasers accept this company's trade-mark as proof of quality and demand it in 

preference to all others. Although now the largest manufactory of the kind in the United 

States, the company are contemplating an addition which will make it 50 per cent, larger, and own the property opposite, which will be eligible 

for the extension. Thej send oul a corps of talented salesmen on the road, and fill the largest orders with promptness and scrupulous care. 

Their trade extends to all parts of the United States, < !anada, England, and South America, and their field of usefulness is constantly enlarg- 
ing. The officers are all well-known Philadelphians. expert and practical confectioners, members of the National Confectioners 1 Association- 

the Philadelphia Bourse. Hoard of Trade and Grocers' and Importers' Exchange, and in mored and esteemed in the business world. 





A. HERTSCH & CO., Manufacturing Chemists. Sole Makers of the B. A Hertseh Brand Prepared Glue, No. 4164 Germautown 
Avenue. Nicetown. — There is no vocation so fraught with responsibility as that of the apothecary, for upon hisac- uraci human 
life itself depends. Fatal mistakes are constantly being made, a fact well-known to newspaper readers, and therefore the 
greatest care should be exercised, when drugs are needed, to secure them from an establishment whose reputation is 
sans reproohe. Such an establishment is that of B. A. Hertseh & Co., of Nicetown. and it is the largest and leading bouse 
of the kind in this section of the city. The business was founded in 1881 bythe present active proprietor. Mr. B. A. Hertseh. 
This gentleman was born in Germany, but has resided in the United states twenty-three years. He graduated from the Philadelphia College 
of Pharmacy in 1881, is a member of its Alumni, and also of the State Pharmaceutical Association lb- s prominently identified with the 
Masonic Fraternity, being a member of Mitchell Lodge, No. 296; Germantown R. A. Chapter, No. 208; Phila. Commandery, K. T. No. 2; Pbila. 
Consistoiy, '-i:°: of Philadelphia, and Lulu Temple, A. A. O. N. M. Shrine. Mr. Hertseh is a thoroughly skilled pharmacist and manufacturing 
chemist, and he gives special attention to the compounding of physicians' prescriptions, accuracy being assured in every instance. The 
premises occupied comprise a store and two upper floors, each 30 x 50 feet in dimensions, the store being finely finished in oak, and appointed 
with show cases, a handsome soda fount, and attractive shelfware. An immense stock is carried of pure drugs and chemicals, proprietary 
medicines, sponges, perfumes, toilet goods, confections, roots, herbs, fancy articles, cigars, acids, dye stuffs, white lead, oils, turpentine. 
vanush. glass, putty and a general line of painters' supplies. The firm are agents for the Pixto Cough Cure. Pixto Liver Pills. Pixto Plasters, 
Bender's Rheumatic Remedy, Jackson's Cholera Drops, Jackson's Sarsaparilla, and Mrs. Evans' Soothing Syrup. A leading specialty is 
made of B. A. Hertsch's Brand Prepared Glue, which is put up in large and small bottles, and is sold very extensively, especially in the West. 
The firm commands a large, active trade, and their patronage is steadily growing in volume. 




J. LITTLE Wool ) a <*i>.. Ml no], [>yeand Bleach Works, Main Street, Below Shur's Lane, Manayunk, City Office, No. 132 l best- 
nut Street, Main Office and Works.— The Albion Dye and Bleach Works of this city have been in active operation since lSiiS, 
when they were founded by Mr. (J. J. Littlewood, who adopted the firm-name of G. J. Littlewood & Co. The main works 
are on Main Street, below Shur's Lane. Manayunk. while for the convenience of customers a city office is maintained at No. 
1 132 Chestnut Street. Mr. Littlewood was born in England, but has resided in this city the greater part of his life, having come 
here fifty years ago when a young man eighteen years of age. Since then through energy and industry he has become one 
of the most prominent citizens, and now holds the office of vice-president of the Manayunk Trust Company, besides being sole owner ol a 
most prosperous business. The Albion Dye and Bleach Works cover an area of 100 x 250 feet, and are equipped with the most approved ap- 
pliances incidental to the business. Employment is furnished seventy-five operatives, and an active business is done in dying cotton yarn, 
u.i: ps, wool and raw stock in general for mills in all parts of the United States, but especiall iny Virginia and North Carolina. The resources 
of the establishment enable it to fill all orders at shortest notice, no matter how large they may be, and in the matter of prices the firm 
can successfully meet all competition. 



130 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




|LEX. KERR, BRO. & CO., Im| rs and Dealers In all Kinds o( Salt, Pier 8, North Wharves, rhe oldest as well as the 

Inrufst Importers and dealers in all kinds of sail in this country are Messrs, Uex. Kerr, Bro, S Co. ol ihls city, n boBe 
headquarters are located a) Pier 8, North Wharves, and who are also owners of the Kerr Sail Company, manufttui 'rers 

<>f all kinds of salt, al Rock Blen, Wyon \ County, N V. The business was established here in MS bj Alexander 

Kerr, the preseut Arm being organized in 1877", composed of the founder "i the house at,,i Messrs. Prank Kerr, In- 
brother, aud Samuel T. Kerr, his son [n 1886 they established the Kerr Sail I lompanj and have opened up sail wells 
feel deep. Phey handle all km, Is and grades of salt in ear, cargo, and smaller lots, exclusively al wholesale, and possess unequalled 

, lrl i r„| conducting the business upon a grand scale. The connections of the bouse with sail manufacturers abroad places it in a 

position to command every favorable opportunity ol the foreign markel and t" offer inducements to the trade in quality and prices ol goods 

which challenge comparison and defy successful i petition. This Bran is prepared to BUpplj salt which is considered superioi 

other hi tlie market for the curing of provisions of all kinds, fish, pickles, and for main other purposes; also in,- best coarse salt, rock salt, 
and the finer grades for the dairy, table and culinar] purposes. The business is broadly distributed throughout the entire United States, 

and an office is operated al No. 303 Exchange Place, Bali re, >M. The Messrs. Kerr are accounted among the best known business men 

,,f Philadelphia, closely identified with the commercial growth and prosperity "f the city. Thej are members of the import*! 
Qrocers' Exchange, the Board of Trade, the I lommercial Exchange, and the Maritime Exchange, and possess an expert knowledge 
various qualities and km, Is of salt and are recognized authority in their special branch of trade. 






f HOWARD MEEKS, Publisher, No. 1012 Walnut Street Philadelphia has ever been a leading centre of the publishing interest* 

%T - -i of the world, and the works issue. I by its leading houses go to all parts of the globe. Much capital is invested in [his intel 
lectual industry, as well as the time and energies oi some of our most talented business men. « >ne of the successful estab- 
lishments in the trade i- thai of Mr, Edward Meeks, whose office and stockroom is at No. 1012 Walnut Street. Mr. Meeks is 

a native of Philadelphia, bas arrived at the meridian of life, and has been engaged in the » h business since youth . 

consequently he possesses an expert knowledge of hM its requirements. He was with the houses of J. B. Lippii tl & i 

aniiciasti.ii. Remsen & Co., and left their employ to establish business on his own account. In tins venture he bas been thoroughly 

prosperous, w inga large, steadily growing patronage, ami shipping his publications to all parts of the civilized world. Mr. Sleeks 

publishes only high class Btaiidard works, including volumes of poetry, volumes on literary subjects, works of science, practical hand books 

,',„- ,. n _. ,.,„ and others, and the " Avon " editi if Shakespeare. A catalogue giving full inft.Muati.ni as to titles, authors, prices, etc., is 

mailed to any address on application, and any hook ordered will be sent to the address designated, free "f postage, al the price indicated 
by the catalogue. 




R RAIGUEL, Jr., Superintendent of the Prudential Insurance Company, No, 189 South Seventh Street.- The Prudential In- 
surance Company oi America, whose home offices are located in Newark. N. J., was the flrsi to intr< duce industrial insur- 
ance into America, the first to issue an incontestable ii dust rial policy, and the Bret to give dividend additions to its indus- 
trial policies. It now offers the most liberal industrial policy in this country. The Prudential Is represented in Philadelphia 
* by Mr, II. K. Eaiguel, Jr., as superintendent of the first district, with headquarters at No. 189 South Seventh street l he 
company established its business here in 1679 with one office, and it now operates five offices in different sections of the 
city The Prudential insures even member of a family between one and seventy years of aye, if in good health. It issues small policies 
with correspondingly small premiums to suit every condition of life. It makes premiums payable weekly, thus dividing even the small 
annual premium into fifty-two parts, so as to make it possible for the poorest to carry an insurance policy. It issues endowment policies 
for sin all weekly premiums, and paid up policies in exchange for any policy issued by the company after premiums have been paid foi 
tive years from January I, 1892. Ii now has a larger membership than any other company i' 1 the world of the same age, and a greater 
ratio of assets to liabilities than is shown by the largest life insurance companies in the United States. It has paid up to the year 1892 the 
sum ..f $9 000,000 n death claims, and had 1,400,000 policies in force, with assets of $6,889, 6i 1.82, and a surplus to policy holders of (1, 149,- 
057 06. Its Philadelphia offices alone collect $20,000 per week, and give employment to over three hundred people. Mr Raiguel has been 
with the company tor the past ten years, and is an accepted authority in industrial insurance. 




HALL ROHRMAN & SON, Tin wares, Nos 135 to 1G1 North Front street —This is one of the oldest and largest concerns ol 

the kind in the city, and has been in operation tor nearly half a century, The firm are manufacturers Ol n n wares Oi 
every description, and are wholesale dealers in iron and agate hollow ware, tea caddies, coffee mills, coolers and kindred 
grocery store supplies. They do an immense business, and their trade extends throughout the United states. The fac- 
tory occupies four 75x75 foot floors, and is equipped with full steam power, machinery, etc., while iiit\ to seventy-five 
hands are employed. The office and sales department are at No 55 North Second Street, and the premises t here .-or uprise 

lilt foot fi" ms A vast, varied and complete stock is const aril ly kept <.n hand, and hall a dozen salesmen represent the house on 

With a ne. | nailed facilities this firm can offer exceptional inducements to the trade, quoting rock bottom price-- This widely 
.us.- was established in 1846 by J. Hall Rohrman, who was succeeded by J. Mall Rohrman & Son Mr. Rohrman the elder was 
by death, and the sou conducted the business alone up to is$9, when he retired, and K. W, Bird sail became sole proprietor 

sail, who has since continued the business under the old firm name with uninterrupted success, is a gentleman of middle age and a 

Lancaster ('omit v. I 'a. He is a director of the Camden National Hank, and a member of the Mercantile Beneficial Association 




l. SMITH'S MAP ESTABLISHMENT, No 27 South Sixth Street The history of rhe career of Mr. J. L. Smith's Map Es- 
tablishment for twenty years has been a plain record of prosperity. His business embraces the preparation oi maps ol 
every conceivable order and variety ; also atlases, globes, spring rollers, map cases, draw ing papers, tracing cloth, en 
gineers* supplies, etc. special attention is given to job work, and every facility is at band for mounting in all sty es 
> draw lugs, plans and maps on spring roller-., in .-as.---, on cloth, on stretchers, and cul to fold He carries a splendid Jim 

i.i maps, both mounted and in pocket form; including a railroad and nmercfal map of the United States and Canadas, 

the most reliable railroad map ever made; maps of the world in various sizes and styles; Indexed pocket map-, of the various States 

and Territories; library and office maps of the different countries of the World; maps of Philadelphia, London. Paris. Montreal. \|. xico 

Chicago, Cincinnati. New York, and other cities; post route maps of the states, used in the postal service; large scale map- of the States 

and Territories, school maps, guide 1 ks, Johnston's illustra rts. Indexed maps, sectional State maps, new railroad and business 

atlas, atlases ol the h orld, metric charts, globes, spring toilers, etc . and the trade Is both n holesale and retail, extending to all parts o 
United states Mr. Smith is a native Philadelphian, and enlisted In '62 as a drummer boy in the !18th Pennsylvania infantry, serving three 
years, and becoming a corporal. He is the author of the "Hi i .i i, i torn Exchange Regiment ' i Intietam to Appamattox), which 

is a thoroughly interesting and readable work ol ?80] usely illustrated, and has a wide sale. He is a well known member of the 

Veterans V^s. ,ciat 1. in. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



131 





jJILLIAM PENN HOTEL AND SALE STABLES. Win. I*. Althouse, Proprietor, Nos. (809 bo 3835 Market Street, West Phila- 
delphia.— The most extensive sale ami exchange stables in this city are owned and conducted by Mr. Wm. D. Aithouse, pro- 
prietor of the William Penn Hotel, and whose hostelry and stables are situated at Nos. 8809 to 3835 Market Street. The stables 
were originally conducted by B. Jacobs & Sons, aud seven years ago the present proprietor succeeded to the control. Mr. 
Althouse was born in Berks County, Pa. He has been in the horse trade for the past thirty years and formerly had a sales 
stable at Reading, Pa. He is, therefore, thoroughly acquainted with horse Mesh and a good judge of all that goes to make a 
sound and desirable animal. The stables are very large, admirably drained, lighted'and ventilated and can accommodate 4i\ horses at one 
time. Horses are received from the East and West and sold or exchanged at low rates of commission, with a view to the oest interests of 
the patrons of the house. Auction sales are held on Tuesdays and Fridays, and are always well attended. The William Penn Hotel, run in 
conjunction with the stables by Mr. Althouse, is comprised in a four-story structure and contains fifty cleanly-kept rooms. All modern con- 
veniences have been provided. The rates are $1.50 a day and visitors to the city will find this a must comfortable stopping-place. 

{ANKFORD MUTUAL FIRE INSUR A \"< !E ( IOMPANY OF THE COUNTY OF PHILADELPHIA, John Shallcross. President; 
No. 1510 Frankford Avenue.— No fire insurance corporation in Philadelphia has made such solid progress or proved such 
a reliable factor in the vast field of underwriting as the old and popular Frankford Mutual Fire Insurance Company of the 
County of Philadelphia. It was organized fifty years ago. at a time when the field was in need of strong and ably managed 
corporations, and speedily took, and has ever since maintained, a representative position. Its enviable record of solvency 
and integrity has rendered it remarkably popular with the public and enabled it, under wise management, to select its risks 

with due regard to safeguards and surroundings. It takes risks in the counties of Philadelphia, Bucks and Montgomery only, and it con- 
trols the insuring of the most desirable lines of business and residential property throughout that territory. On December 31, 1891, it had 

risks in force amounting to $3,466,307.00, with assets of $183,070.51, and a surplus of $117,481.69. These figures are more eloquent than 

words and reflect the greatest credit on the executive officers. Its assets are most judiciously invested in real estate, bonds, mortgages and 

other good investments. All just claims are promptly paid in full and its business is 

constantly on the increase. Its founders were men who had the rare foresight to recognize 

the possibilities of such an institution and who laid the foundations sufficiently strong and 

deep to bear any superstructure that time, experience and wealth might rear. They budded 

well and their successors have been eminently worthy of the succession. Under its 

present wise and conservative management, this company is doing a large and safe busi- 
ness, all its movements being marked by prudence, caution and honorable business 

methods, and it is universally recognized as one of those solid, ably-conducted corporations, 

whose record reflects credit alike upon its officers and the community where its influence 

is felt. Its executive officers are as follows, viz.: John Shallcross, president; H. St. Clair 

Thorn, secretary: William Overington, treasurer. The president. Mr. Shallcross, has been 

a director of the company for the past fifteen years and was elected to the presidency 

on January 1, 1802, bringing to bear special qualifications for the discharge of its duties. 

The secretary, Mr. Thorn, has held that position since 1882. and is 

known as an expert and talented underwriter, whose judicious and 

conservative policy has secured to the company a continuance of a 

Tery large business with an unusually small proportion of losses. 

The treasurer, Mr. Overington, has been continuously in 

office for forty-nine years and enjoys the warmest regard of 

policy-holders and the public for his long and honorable 

business career, while the board of directors commands the 

unbounded respect and confidence of the entire community. 




Broad Street, looking North from Public Buildings.— 3889. 



132 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




|' l;l u BROTHERS, Bronze Statuary, Architectural Works, Fount; Lallin ind Castings, r.h- . S w Corner Twenty 

Streel and Uleghen^ Avenue In the designing and casting of bronze statuary a signal success has been achieved bj th« 

!l I Bureau Brothers, whose works are situated at the southwest corner ol Twenty flrsl S it and alleghenj i.venu I 

i as established in 18(M by Mr, achille B i i ontinuing under his control until 1888, w lien his sons, Messrs. Edmund 

W Bureau and Edouard S Bureau, succ Led to the management, choosing the firm name of Bureau Brothers Both gentle- 
men are natives ol Philadelphia, and practical bronze woi kers of thorough experience and artistic talent Thej havepei 
formed much excel ten I work, among othei productions being the admirable equestrian statue of General Reynolds, which stands in front 
of the Public Building, this city; the " Puritan " statue at Springfield, Mass., and the Ottawa Indian monument En Lincoln Park, Chicago, 
111. These works are speaking witnesses to the ability of the Messrs Bureau. The works cover an area of 100x145 feet. The foundry is a 
85x80 feel brick building, and the finishing shop al oof brick, is 35x55 feet In area. Employing upwards of twentj bands, the firm possess 
all the latest improvements for an bronze and bronze casting in all Its various bran dies. Estimates are furnished ai hortesi notice, orig- 
inal designs supplied, and satisfactory, artistically finished work i> assured In every instance. 

w <;ii.i:i.kt a i . > , c.imi.i-.- <; is an*d Saddlery Specialties, Wagon Hardware and Wheel Stock, No 108 North Third 

Street. Although established nol longer ago than Febi-uary 8, 1893, this firm has already built up a large trade through- 
out Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and New York. The members of tit-- firm, Messrs. T. Woolsej Gilberl and 
i !harles l>. Dowler, are both natives of this city, and have had long and thorough experience in their vocation, the former 
having been engaged therein eleven years, the latter nine years. Mr. Gilbert was formerly with Kenned] Willing & Co 
and Mr. Dowler with C B Day & Co. The business premises comprise four Boors, each 20x60 feet in area, and a heavj 

tock is always carried of wagon hardware and wheel stock, carriage g is and sai dlery specialties. The Arm are agents for the Snow 

flake Axle Grease, Nichols 1 Wagon Cushions, and Wm. Harlan & Son's Colors. A general jobbing trade is carried on, and all orders are 
met upon the most favorable terms. 





HE DR. BOSANKI ■ MEDICINE COMPANY, No. 329 irch Street.— The Dr Bosanko Medicine Company are manufacturing and 
supplying i he people "f the United States with a numher ol valuuhle remedial a-.-iiis, win.se efficacy and beneficent effects 

have been amply proven, and their virtues testified to bj physicians and private individuals alike. Tin ipany was orga 

nized May 1. 1879, a1 Piqua, I »bio, and on I ictober I, 1890, a removal to tins city was effected The proprietors, Messrs. E. 
C. Deweese and K. E. Hafer, are sole manufacturers of Dr. Bosanko's Pile Kemrdy. Dr. Bosanko's Pile Syringe, Dr Gunn's 

Onion Syrup and Dr. Gunn's [m proved Liver Pills, 'rinse remedies an- sold in all parts of the miry They bave proved 

efficacious and thoroughly satisfactory in every case where they have been used, and hundreds of testimonials could be given describing 
the cures effected. Dr. Bosanko's Pile Sj ringe is sold for 50 cents, Dr. Bosanko's Pile Remedy for 50 cents. Dr. Gunn's Onion Syrup, for 
coughs and colds, 50 cents, and Dr Gunn's Improved Liver Pills at 85 cents a box, or si\ for 81.25. The Bosanko Medicine Compnni occu 
P3 two commodious floors, each 20x125 feel In dimensions, and fifteen assist an is are employed in manufacturing the company's special lies 

|AKER, HOUSEHOLDER & LEI INARD, Engineers and Machinists, No. C28 Cherrj Street In no branch ol industry , science 
1 1 1 art lias ill ■ march of progress left such imprints during the pasl twenty years as in the sphere of activity devoted to 
the construct inn of machinery of all kind-. ( H' those who have made a reputation for skill and ability in Lhe manufacture 
of machinery and general mechanical engineering in Philadelphia, none stands liighe than the firm of Baker, Householder 
& Leon nil of No 528 Chei ry Street These gentlemen have had fifteen years 1 practical experience in tins line, and are well 

known as expert general machinists. They occupy one I \ 25x100 fi ei in dimensions, fully equipped with all improved 

machinery and appliances operated by steam power, and manufacture anything to order In the hue of special machinery . Including perfo 
rating machinery for use In manufacturing toilet paper, book binding and printing machinery, being experts in this branch, having a 
national reputation ; and spec al attention is given to repairing this class of machinery al reasonable rates. Designs and plans for mat I 
ery of every kind are executed in the highest style of the art, while estimates for all classes of work are promptly fui Dished on applii 

The mem hers of tie- firm, Mifflin J. Baker, D.W. Householder and T, P. l nard, are all natives of Philadelphia and are endowed with inven 

t Ive genius of a high order and remarkable energy. They have won a name ami lame m this line of constructive enterprise w hich proves 
their commanding ability and skill, and of which they have every reason to be proud 





|EOR<;k W BECKETT, Sanitary Plumber, No. 2036 Pine Streel and S. W. Corner Twenty second and P Streets. During 

the six year** of hit* establishment as a sanitary plumber, Mr, George W. Beckett, has succ led in building up a large and 

fast deveiopin ■ connect io i among regular pat tons throughout the city and Bunurbs and he has been Intrusted with some 
highly important and significant contracts, such as the work on the Beth an j I Ihurch, tin- residence of J Parker Norris. 3122 
Pine si reet, and those of leading men of the immediate neighborhood. A special tj is made of house drainage, En addition 
to which a general line of jobbing and repairing is undertaken, as well as contracts for uew work, including the supply and 
fixing of water closets, urinals, bath tubs, showers, bath boilers, tanks, wash howls, cisterns, pumps, hydrant work, etc, The store, al 

Tweu j second i Pine Streets, which has been occupied for the last five years, is fully equipped and stocked with a carefullj cho i i 

■ ;u \ app iances and supplies of the latest st> les and make; six skilled artisans being employed. Mr. George W, Beckett has had 
twenty five years 1 practical experience In the trade, and personally directs the prompl fulfilment of all i >rders. Ele Is a middle aged geutle- 

i native ol Dublin, Ireland, whence he came to the United States in 1881, settling In Philadelphia the following year, when In 
out his papers and became a citizen of the I'm ted States. 

|\LEY & BAKER, Blank Hook Manufacturers and Paper Rulers, No 8S1 chestnut Street, a prominent and old standing 
bouse engaged in this city as blank book manufacturers and paper rulers is that of Messrs Halej a Baker, carry it 
i heir operation- at No. 821 < Ihestnut Street, who now control an extensive trade among the best regular customers through 
out the city and adjacent country, and enjoy a high reputation for Rue work, expedition and moderate prices The entei 
prise was established In 1801 by Mr. James Hale.i and Mr, Sloan, as Messrs rlalej & Sloan, and on the decease of the latter, 
m 1864, the present Arm was formed by Mr, Ealey admitting Into partnership Mr, Joseph \ Baker. The rlrm bave every 

a facility at their c maud, in the matter of modern machines and appliances, for turning out the most satisfactory work and ena 

inn: them to compete with other responsible houses; and thus a heavj demand Is made upon their resources for the manufacture of all 

kinds of blank hooks, paper ruling, perforating eyeleting and the ruling and binding of account books I 'der, either to ordinary or 

special pattern; while particular care and attei are dei I to ruling, binding and paging tor the trade. Tins heavy and regular 

volume ol business necessitates the regular emp'oyment of some fourteen skilled assistants, and the premises utilized for the same put 
poses comprise the fifth Moor at the address noted, 25x90 feet In area, furnished with a full equipment of hand and fool power machinery ol 
thai verj compete nature alreadj hinted. The firm undertake orders from any distance, and already have many regular patrons in 
Chicago, III., and Louisville, K\ 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



i:;:j 



[ANKLIN A SMITH, Manufacturer and Dealer in Yellow Pine Flooring, For the Trade Only, Thirtieth and Locust Streets 
— A house thai is carrying on extrusive t ransnctinns in & special department oi the lumber industry is that of Mr. Franklin A, 
Smith, whose office and yard are located at the junction of Thirtieth anil Locust streets, where he also has a large wharf. 
This lias been a lumber yard for the past twenty-five years or more. Mr. Smith first established business in 1879 at the 
Spruce Street wharf, where he continued up to five ye£."s ago when he removed to his present address. He lias a thorough 
practical knowledge of the lumber industry, having, it may be said, been raised in a sawmill in Maine, the Tine Tree State, 
where he was born. Through this knowledge, and his ability as a business man, he has built U P a large, influential trade, and now has per- 
manent patrons in all parts of Pennsylvania. New Jersey, Delaware and New York City. The yard covers an area of two acres, and i~ 
connected with the Pennsylvania Railroad by two switch lines. The planing-mill has five of tin- latest plauing machines, driven by steam- 
power, and the output capacity is 50,000 feet of lumber a day. Employment is given thirty-five workmen. Mr. Smith is a manufacturer and 
dealer in yellow pine flooring for the trade only, and receives his timber from Florida, both by rail and water. His sales for 1891 amounted 
inS.tKht.iHKi feet of lumber. A heavy stock is always carried, and the wants <>t" the trade are met upon the most liberal terms. Mr. Smith is 
.i member of the Lumber Exchange, the Philadelphia Bourse, and is also prominent, in the Masonic Fraternity. 





JUGHS. ('ih)K X' CO., Hides and Tallow of All Kinds, No. 303G Market Street.— One of the representative establishments, 
which convincingly demonstrates the commercial supremacy of Philadelphia, is that of Messrs. Hughs, Cook& Co.. dealers in 
hides and tallow, at N'o. 30.36 Market Stiver, and exporters of oleomargarine oil, with factory at No. 4701) Lancaster Avenue. 
The oleo factory was established in 1877, by Messrs. Owen Hughs and John Cook, and in 1883 the business now condueted 
\\ as started by the consolidation of the interests of Owen Hughs & Son and John Cook's Sons. The premises occupied are 
spacious and commodious, and every modern convenience and facility is at hand for the transaction of a large and active 
business, no similar concern in the city being better prepared for taking proper care of its extensive and still growing business. The house 
commands all the advantages naturally accumulated by long years of identification with a special branch of trade, and, in the handling of 
green hides, the rendering of tallow and the manufacture of oleo oil, the firm are in a position to supply the trade with the best quality of 
goods at short notice, in quantities to suit and at terms and prices which are safe from successful competition. Their resources are ample 
and abundant, their facilities are unsurpassed and the connections are widespread and influential both at home and abroad, and the substan- 
tial inducements offered to the trade are of a character to enable the firm to place the house in the front rank of the trade. One of the largest 
houses in its line in the country, it exercises a commanding influence upon the commerce of the city, and its business extends to all parts of 
the United States and Europe. The copartners, Messrs. Wra. D. Hughs, John H. Cook and Edwin F. Cook, are well-known Philadelphians, 
trained in the business from their youth up, members of the Manufacturers' Club, and young men of large practical experience, wide 
acquaintance and sterling personal worth. 




\R. JAEGER'S SANITARY WOOLEN SYSTEM COMPANY, No. 97 Franklin Street, New York; Philadelphia Depot, No. 1104 
Chestnut Street. Samnel C Hancock. Manager.— Dr. Jaeger's Sanitary Woolen System Company, whose Philadelphia depot 
is eligibly located at No. 1104 < Jhestnut Street, has very appropriately introduced to the American public many articles new 
and foreign to our use, but entirely practicable and really essential to our perfect comfort and health. Dr. Jaeger's sanitary 
woolen underclothing is made in shirts, night dresses, chemises, drawers, or in combination garments of shirts or chemises 
and drawers, in one piece, for both sexes. In appearance and feeling these fabrics are very similar to spun silk, and if mav 
be confidently asserted that no garments hitherto None Genuine made are so agreeable to the wearer. They are 

perfectly soft, made of the finest wool and will ^ — iCr-'-N. not irritate the most delicate skin, while the folds 

adapt themselves to the body in the most grace- /^Q^^T^^S. fnl manner - They may be worn through the heat 

of summer with comfort, and in colder weather ^M^ JfS^J*^3^. they maintain as much warmth as the heavier 

flannel clothing. The stockinet, from which this ^^"^J^^^^K^^ clothing is manufactured, is also for sale here by 

the yard. The bedding department contains the ^&£^§^&'/\ following-named ailn-les: camel's-hair pillows, 

blankets, comfortables, sleeping-sacks, mat- ^^^^^£^|^>^^s\ tresses, pillow-cases and sheets. The camel's- 

hair pillows are filled with pure camePs-hair and ^^^^^/if**l^'^ s ^^W are coveref i with a thick, soft, woven material of 

i lie same. The sheets and pillow-cases are made ^^S$*2ul ""tw"^ 'jf^^**^^ "* verv ,me - durable, white cashmere and will not 
•dirink in was ; rhi bl; and bed-cover- ^^ j^TTrn %f£gjjgfr j} ' Jfl ' l *)f ^?? ing an nadeol I In fines! quality ol undyed nat- 

ural brown camePs-hair or sheep's- wool. Sani- ^^ ^WV- *^^^v\J? ' tar - 1 " ""■"" lllK are subject to special treatment 

in manufacture, as compared with ordinary felt w/&s5l^/ ^ ^^B^^^ hats, whereby their sanitary value is increased. 

They are much lighter than the ordinary hat; v^^^Sfci^Tf v^ ■ O/ and the usual strip of leather at the place where 

the hat fits round the head is replaced by a strip xJysSvl 3 \J^^y "' woolen felt especially manufactured for the 

purpose. The difference in point of comfort. ^^\^&r^Sw especially when the forehead is perspiring, is 

very great. The sanitary woolen boots and shoes ^*S2^^aN^^^^ for ladies and gentlemen, are made from pure 

woolen materials inside, with and without leather ^^ n ^^ protection. From a sanitary point of view, the 



latter are preferable, and can be used not only m 



Without this Trade Mark. 



dry weather, but also where the soil is not heavy 



iu wet weather. These boots and shoes either completely cure or greatly mitigate the complaint of excessive perspiration of the feet, con- 
stant coldness, gout. etc. Weak feet are hardened, the joints are strengthened, corns and other troubles are prevented. Tourists are partic- 
ularly recommended to use Dr. Jaeger's boots and shoes. The miscellaneous articles comprise stockings and socks, ladies* corsets and 
corset covers, ladies' petticoats, dressing-robes, camel's-hair shawls, men's smoking jackets, knitted garments, lawn tennis shirts, children's 
night-dresses, white woolen handkerchiefs, natural brown laces. Tyrolese belts, suspenders, belt bandages for stomach troubles, ladies' dress 
goods and gentlemen's suitings, trouserings and overcoating.-. Mr. Samuel C. Hancock, manager of the Philadelphia depot, is a native of 
this cityand well and favorably known in its business and social circles. He occupies spacious and attractive quarters, where he displays a 
splendid line of these celebrated goods, and is a gentleman with whom it will be found both pleasant and profitable to deal. 



fjENRY STUTZ, Jr., Contractors' Supplies, Dynamite, powder. Fuse and Caps, Exploders, Blasting Machines, Sledges and 
Hammers. Jumpers and < Jhurn Drills. Bull Points and Wedges, Pinch and Crow Bars. Nos. 4809-1811 German town Avenue, 
Germantown.— The leading depot for contractors' supplies in German town is the well-known establishment of Henry Stutz, 
Jr.. which has been in existence for the past thirty years. The business was started in 1863 by Henry Stutz. the elder, who 
carried on the same up to 1870, when he was succeeded by Henry, Jr. The store is commodious and well ordered, and 
assistants are in attendance. A large and first-class stock is constantly kept on hand here, including the articles above 
mentioned, rock tools generally, and everything comprehended in contractors' supplies; also a full line of glass house-furnishing goods. 
There is, likewise, a yard in connection for the storage of grindstones and other articles. Mr. Stutz was horn in Germantown, and is a man 
of entire reliability in his dealings He is a member of the Knights of the Golden Eagle, the l T O. of A. M , and other societies. 




131 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




fACOB HOFFMANN a SON, Manufacturers ol Pearl Buttons and No\ elUes, Nos. 81' and 218 New 9treel -One of thi il 
exponents of artistic pearl working in the entire Kej stone State is the well known and responsible Arm ol Jucob Hoffmann 

(8 Son. carrying on their operations lu this city at Nos. 21? and 819 New Street The manufactures oi t His house i 

pearl buttons of various kinds, sizes, shapes and styles, sleeve links, si mis, solitain lu ihes, head and dress orna n 

articles tor jewelrj i wting, and a f ull line of fancy novelties, also views, scenes and frame nade in the mosl 

manner, These productions from first to last are of the finest description, both from an artistic and a practical Btan p 
their patterns and styles are original and unique, i heir make is t lie in -si. and their finish is clean, accurate and of 1 1 1«- highest order ol i 
while the pearl used is selected with the utmost care and procured at flrsi hand from the leading sources ol Bupply Thebusines 

founded in 1868 by Messrs. Hoffmann and B nan, Hit* latter subsequently retiring; En 1869 Mr. Jacob Hoffmann admitted his son. George 

i [i iffmann into pari nership, and the house has been owned and conducted in detail by Mr, fjeorge I [offmann since the decease ol his wort 
father in 1879 The permanent, substantial trade controlled reaches to all parts of the United states, an. t its volume furnishe re tils 
employment for twenty skilled operatives. No pains or expense are spared En order to maintain the productions of the house at a uni- 
formlj high standard of excellence, and thus the factory, 80x40 feet in area, is provided w Ith a verj complete equipment of lathes, pearl 
cutters, boring machines, polishers and other improved machine i j and appliances pertainiug to this special tine of industry, steam | 
being the motive force used. Mr. George Hoffmann was born in Germany in 1847, has resided In this citg ince 1851, Heisthoi 
practical, and is an expert worker in this line of trade, and lias been engaged with the house since its foundation En 1862, 




• EDSTONE OIL, COAL \N1> COKE COMPANY, Office, No. 801 Walnut Place. The Redstone Oil, Coal and Cokt I 
p in\ occupy a foremost position among the representative business houses of Philadelphia, while the works are ai Grind 
stone P. O., Faj ette County, Pa., on the Monongahelu division of the Pennsylvania Railroad. The company was organized 
six years ago, being incorporated under the State laws of Pennsylvania, with ample capital, and the following promii en 
known gentlemen as officers: President, Jacob E. Ridgway; Vice President, J. I. Bishop; Treasurer, Geo. W, Dohnert; 
directors, Jacob E. Kid.:,' way, William K. Brown, M.D., James McKay, Caleb S. Ridgway, A. L. McFarlane. The company 
deal in gas and steam coals and coke, selling the products of their own mine. The property Is between 3,000 and 1,000 acres in area. A 
deep shaft has been built, employment is found for a large force of hands, and the out] mt is a \ er> heavy one. The mechanical equipment 
is perfect En every respect. Thirty coke ovens are kept in operation, The trade supplied extend- all throughout the Western and North- 
western States. Mr. Jacob E. Ridgwav is also < 'ha in nan, and Mr. J. 1. Bishop Treasurer and Secretarj . of the Ridgway Supplj Company, 
Limited, who conduct a general merchandise establishment at < Grindstone P. O. They have a capital of 85,000, all paid in, carry a heavy 
stock, and command a large, steadily growing trade. Messrs Jacob E. and < Jaleb S. Ridgway and John I. Bishop also compose the RJdg- 
way-Bishop Coal Company, who control 3,000 acres in Washington Co., Pa.; on the Bridgeville Branch of the P, C. & 6t. 1. Ry. 




in QEO \ SMITH MACHINERY COMPANY, Manufacturers oi and Dealers In Boot and Shoe Machinery, Etc , Nos 116 and 

II' \ i.-li Street, iboul the mosl widely known depol tor I I and shoe machinery in Philadelphia is the spacious and well 

ordered establishment of the Geo. A. Smith Machinery Company. The company are manufacturers oi and dealers In boot and 
shoe machinery, duplicate parts, leather and findings; and their I r;. le. which is very large, extends throughout the United 
Slates. The house v as established in 1R81 by Geo. A. Smith, who eon ducted the same alone lip to July, 1881, fl hen this l.usi 
ness was incorporated under the laws of the State of New Jersey, and the present name adopted. The capital stock is 
(75,000, and the Pre- idem of the company is Geo A. Smith, the Vice President is Harry L. Herron, the Secretary. Richard Mengert, and the 
Treasurer. R B. Rlttersbach. Besides the 30x150 t store on Arch street, they occupy tour 20x120 foot doors in the rear, at No. 41T Apple- 
tree street, which are equipped with ample steam power and machinery for manufacturing purposes. The facilities are of a superior 
Character altogether, and a large force of skilled workmen are employed, while tour representatives are kept on the road. The stock, 
which is of a comprehensive character, includes sole sewing machines, second lasting machines, tacking and nailing machines, heeling 
machines, heel breasting, scouring and burnishing machines, edge trimming, vi\i:v setting and sand papering machines, hurting machines, 
rolling and splitting machines, all Bizes and kinds; dyeing and moulding machines, stiffening skiving machines, and kindred applfai 
great \ arie-y ; also jacks for all I tranches, belting, etc., etc., superior burnishing inks, flexible insoling. bottom stain of all colors, shoe tools, 
leather, findings and shoe manufacturers 1 supplies generally: and rebuilt machines are alwaj s kept on hand, ai greatly reduced prices. 
The trade is supplied on the mosl reasonable terms, and all orders are promptly and carefully attended to, while shoe factories are fitted up 
complete with machinery and shafting in tin- very besi manner'. 




iLLIAM D. WILSON, General Insurance Broker, Forrest Building. No. 119 South Fourth Street.— This is one of the old and 

well established insurance I ses that does credit to the city. It dates its foundation back to April 87, 1867, on which date 

its doors were first throw n open. Mr. Wilson is a nai i\e of Delaware, but has resided in this ;itj si nee Infancy, a perl i 
over forty years. Mr.Wilson is prepared to effect any and every kind of insurance. Are, marine, life, accident, plate - 
boiler or indemnity, En any of the Btanch and reliable companies, at the very lowest current rates of premium; and Ian 

only retaining hi8 Old business, but is Steadily including new customers, and now controls the insuring of many of th- 

est and most desirable lines of business and residence property, ships and \ essels, hulls and cargoes, yachts, stocks of merchandise, grain 
and household effects in tin- city. His policies are clearly worded, explicit contracts; ins rai.-s are the lowest commensurate with absolute 
security: and, as is well known to hundreds of his customers, all losses are promptly paid as Boon as they are adjusted Mr Wilson's 

record fs oi f the most creditable character, and by permissii >n he refers to Buch representative business men and linns « if this city as 

i hnr \ Disston & Sons; Frank W, Ren son, of No. 4425 Germantown Avenue; Philip Jagode & Co., N< >s. 12 14 and 16 IJetitia Street; 'i io 
Beard wood & Bro., No. 1640 North Sixth Street; John Forrest (Keystone Mills), Twenty-fifth and Callow hill streets; and Burk & McFet ridge, 
Nos. 306 and 806 Chestnut Street, among others. 




HICAGO VARNISH COMPANY, No 142 North Fourth Street E. S. finally. Resident Manager -There Is, perhaps, no sin. 
gle art Icle used by carriage and furniture manufacturers to which more Importance attach* s than varnish. Of the various 
products now on the market, there are none superior to t he goods manufactured by the Chicago Varnish Company, « hose 
Philadelphia branch, K. s, Qellatly, resident manager Is at ■■ 142 North Fourth street. Their varnish i s and japans are 
noted for brilliancy, durability mid ^-norai excellence, and command extensive sale They are. En fact, preparations of 
exceptional merit, and are In widespread and growing demand all over the United suites The Chicago Varnish Company 
was established En 1865, and has branches En New fork and Boston the Philadelphia office controlling the trade in Penrarj Ivania and the 
Southern States. They are manufacturers of a general line of varnishes and japans, and their products are maintained at a uniformly high 
ard, while the prices quoted are notablj low, quality of goods considered, Mr Gellatiy, the company's representative in this cits ' 
a man of thorough experience, being engaged in this due for fifteen years. He has been manager here since the branch "as established, 
and has bull) up a large and flourishing business. The trade is supplied on the most favorable terms, and all orders for anything in var- 
nishes and i.i pan - from a quart can to a barrel or car load, are filled in the most prompt and trustworthy manner. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



135 




ILLIAM A. HAINES, Manufacturer of Fancy Leather Goods. Pocketbooks and Bags, Nos. 133,13c and 131 North Seventh 
Street.— This nourishing business was established in 1878 by William A. Haines, under whose management it has since been 
conducted with eminent success. The goods turned out here are noted for beauty of design, excellence of make and elegance 
of finish, and are productions of a distinctly superior character, and command extensive sale throughout the United States. 

The premises mpied as office and factory at Nos. 133-137 North Seventh Street, comprise three 55x 100 feet floors, and are 

equipped with ample steam-power and the latest improved machinery, etc. The facilities are first-class in all respects, and 
seventy-five to ninety hands are employed in the concern, while half a dozen salesmen represent the house on the road. Mr. Haines manu- 
factures exquisite novelties in ladies 1 satchels, portmonnies, reticules, music rolls, fancj leather bags, pocketbooks, and everything in this 
line, and '-very article is warranted as to workmanship and material. An exceedingly tine assortment is constantly carried in stock. Mr. 
Ha in--- \-~ .i man of tin trough experience in this line, and gi\ es close at lent inn to every detail of the business. 

ERRY & ORTON Ci IMPANY, Atlantic Works, Manufacturers of Machinery for Working Wood, Twenty-third and Arch Streets, 
New York, No. 136 Liberty Street.— The rapid strides made in the perfection of every description of wood-working machinery 
i»\ theBerrj & Orton Company, of this city, have elicited theclosest investigation and widespread patronage of the wood- 
working trade of the world, necessitating enlarged facilities on the part of this enterprising house. The foundation of their 
immense business was laid in 1869, by Messrs. Richard Thorn & Co., and in 1888 the present company was incorporated, with 
L, H. Berry, president; L O. Orton. treasurer: H. W. Thorn, secretary. They occupy new premises known as the Atlantic 
Works, at the corner of Twenty -third and Arch Streets, which was built expressly for the company, at a cost of $100,000. and is the finest and 
best-equipped of the kind in the country. The mam building is of brick, five stories high and 150 x 200 feet in dimensions, splendidly fitted up 
withaperfeci and comprehensive equipment of the latest improved machinery, operated by a steam-engine of 150-horse power, and steady 










•«*■*- 



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oMm^^ 



: : mm wdMsmmm^m 





employment is given to from 150 to 300 skilled hands. The officers are constantly engaged in noting results of their important improvements 
and experimenting on others, and each season sees something new in unison with the ever-growing demands for labor and material saving 
wood-working machinery of the mosl perfect type They manufacture all kinds of wood-working machinery from original designs and 
most improved patterns, including timber planers, mortising, matching, tenoning, boring, gaining and sawing machinery. Band saw machin- 
ery employed in cutting both curved and straight lines from the most delicate fretwork to the huge logs of the Pacific Coast with greater 
speed an i i less waste than possible with other kind of saws. The advances made in band sawmills and planing machines by this company 
ha v.- placed their productions far bej ond competition, and they are found running and giving the most admirable service in the largest car 
shops, moulding, flooring and planing mills in this country Quality has ever been the first consideration of the management, and their 
claims to merit are based on tin- severest tests of everyday use in all kinds of woods for all purposes. The triumphant record of their 
machinery and its ever-widening use are alone sufficient guarantees that purchasers -an do best here. Orders of whatever magnitude are 
filled with promptness and scrupulous care, and a branch office is operated at No. 136 Liberty Street, New York. The president, Mr. Berry. 
is in charge of the manufacturing department; the treasurer, Mr. Orton, is the general manager of the business, and the secretary. Mr. Thorn. 
presides over the office. All are able businessmen, and the company under their expert and talented direction, worthily maintains the 
supremacy in the manufacture of wood-working machinery of the most advanced and perfect type. This company was awarded a certificate 
at the Philadelphia Centennial Exh _ o on their work for the excellence of its construction, simplicity and solidity of parts, also for power 
of machines and points of ingenuity "and originality of design. 



HISTOI.'ICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 




■rVERIGHT, GREENEWALD & < '• ' . Manufacturers of Clotlii i 1018. Market Streel Philadelphia's supremai 

thewholi the possession ol such an em nt and enberpri in h use a I 

, i. .. a Co located al N -- 1018 Market Strei firm are i tensivi manufacturers ol 

ind i >uth clol - and the sound judg ■■ i capacitj and perfect facilities of Its foun 

dersandpr ters have secured for the flm if th thi national reputation of being fully equal to custom- 
made The business was established in 1874 by Messrs. Max LIveright, s n Liverighl Morris Liverighl and B i 

I , I, ma Qreenewald, and subsequentlj Messrs Marcus Dreifus and Morris Lang were admitted to partnership, formii I 

,, m present constituted Requiring larger premises and increased facilities for their rapidrj extending trade, the building al No. 

1013 Market Streel was erected for them, to which thej have latelj removed. These premises i prise I ix-storj building 

in dimensions, with a cellar and sub-cellar, and 200 hands are kepi busj the year round in making it thh i I I I ■ 

Brm These goods are all distinguished for some excellence peculiarly their own, while the finer grades are equal in everj 

respec :ustom work, in fit, finish, elegance I fashion The proprietors exercise sound judg nt and the greatest enterpi 

thesele tion of their woolens and suitings, and are first to secure all the new shades, pal ixtures h h American and I ;n 

He their styles are invariably correct. Their business lias attained proportions of great and gratifying magnitude (trowing up on 

the sound basis ol thi best clothing of every grade at the lowest prices t tensurate " nli honesl workmanship. A corps of iw,*l\,' tali nti d 

salesmen represenl the interests of the house upon the mad, and the largesl orders are filled with dispatch and satisfaction in all cases. The 

,,,,.■ irs of the firm are all well-known Philadelphia^, and under their expert and successful guidance ilns house has few equals any v i 

for all those qualifications thai insure efficiency and thorough excellence. 




Market Street, prom Twelfth Street. 



fe&SK 



HOMAS GREAVES, Manufacturei ol I ird ackets Nos 1(183, 4665, 486" Wakefield Street, Germantown For upward of 

a quarter of a cen turj Thomo I lreaves,(s ssor toGreavesi Thurman,} manufacturer of eardif in jackets, Nos. I6C3-61 Wake- 
field Street, has been extensively engaged in the line indicated here in Germantown He was formerlj the junior member ol 

^^©B4& I!,,- liin, ,,l I ;,■,..,,,■ A Th, ii in:, i, ,--! ■il.'i -I" ■•! in <••';'. and sn, I,-, I Hi,, sain,' as -.,,!,• |,r, ,,,ri.-l,,r January 1. of III,- |,iv . i.l , . ,, 

jtf-^l^jj He is 01 f the leaders in this branch of industry in the country, and his productions command extensive sale throu 

the United States VIr Greaves is a gentleman of middle age and was born In England, bul has been in this city sh 1859, 

Ee is a man ol thorough practical skill and manj years' experiei , active and energetic, and exercises close personal supervl ion over every 

i thebusim Hi factor] is a three-story building, 80 x 125 feel In di | ipped In everj respect. 

are fort] knittingi mini a number of sewing m nd all the latest improved appliances in operation In the establl hment, md flftj 

hands are employed Hi Greaves manufactun cardigan jackets of every size, style and variet] both plain and fane; tinctlj 

superior quality, and turn oni hundred dozen per week Hekeep on 1 1 '■ ilai i and first-cla I can fill the 

rt notice, and on ni t favorable terms, and sells direct to the trade, to which he quotes rock-bottom prices, 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA 



137 




W. RULON «S Si ins. importers of East India Goods, Indigo, Drugs, Spices, Etc., No. 84 North Fronl Street -The oldest 
establishment in the United States engaged in the impoi tation of drugs and East India goods is that of J. W. Union & 
Situs, which was rounded in is.'i by J. W. Rulon, who sailed from this port, with cargoes of American products, 
to the East Indies, and returned with goods produced in that country. In 1843 he admitted to partnership his sons, 
Messrs. s A. and J. W. Rulon, Jr., thus organizing the firm of J. W. Rulon & Sons. In 187:! the senior member died, after 
a very lengthy and highly honorable mercantile career; in 1*77 his sou, J. W, Rulon, Jr., retired, and Mr. S. A. Rulon lias 
since remained in sole control, This gentleman was born in the Quaker ( lity and is a foremost member of the Board of Trade, lie has a 
staff of agents in London, Calcutta, Singapore and Colombo, is a duvet importer, fills a trade extending all over the United States, and re- 
ceives shipments of poods to this city. New York and Boston, three fourl lis of the shipments being made to New York. Mr. Rulon imports 
tapioca, senna, rhubarb, gums, spices, copal, India teas, indigo, shellac, Persian rugs, and plumbago and cocoanut oil from Ceylon. In 
the four story warehouse on North Front Streel a heavy stock is carried. 

YNDALE & MITCHELL COMPANY, China, Glass, Pottery. Etc , No. 1217 Chestnut Street,— Among the few leading bouses 
engaged in Philadelphia in the direct importation of china, glass, crockery and ceramics in general, a first place is occupied 
by the old established undertaking now widely known as Tyndale & Mitchell Company, carryiug ou extensive operations at 
No. 1217 Chestnut Street, who by virtue of their long standing relations with the leading manufacturers in Europe and else- 
where are enabled to place upon the American market the finest descriptions of goods at the lowest trade prices: and as a 
consequence they now control a business of the largest proportions. This veteran undertaking was founded about eighty 
years ago. and the present proprietors are Mr. Joseph S. Perot and his two sons, Mr. Thomas L. Perot and Mr. John Perot. Their arrange- 
ments embrace every facility for purchasing goods in France. Italy, Germany, England, etc., to meet the demands of their customers. 
The choicest descriptions of china, glass and crockery are extensively dealt in, embracing everything in the line, of the finest patterns and 
designs, and a leading specialty is made of rich cut glass, brie a brae and art ceramics, procured from all over the world. The salesroom 
and store. 80x155 feet in area, are handsomely appointed in every detail, and contaiu a magnificent display of goods, which number among 






MINTON. H PlRtfNHAMMER 




JOSEPH 5 PtRDT TH0MA5 L PEROT JOHN FtROTT 

TYNDALE 8- MITCHELL CO. 

No. 1217 Chestnut Street. 

Philadelphia. 

CM2R GLflg?. PQTTERa 

SPECIALTIES IN PiNNtR. TEA AND TOlLLT 5LT5. 



j^^POOE^*, 



\ r aPLLmo^' 



OLD MINTON. 




the largest and finest collections of china, glass, crockery, brie a brae and art ceramics, terra cotta ware, etc , in Philadelphia; dinner, tea 
and toilet sets of the latest patterns and designs being in especially heavy and choice assortment. An adequate staff of competent assistants 
is in regular attendance upon patrons and visitors, to whom is always extended every courtesy and attention. The three proprietors are all 
natives of the Quaker City aud interested in the Philadelphia Bourse enterprise. 

f '..VAC LOCKHART, Manufacturer of Standard Ingrain Carpets, N. W. Corner Hancock and Somerset Streets.— This estab- 
lishment bears an excellent reputation in the trade, and its goods are noted for their uniform excellence. The business 
was founded six years ago by Lockbart Bros, at the present address, and a year ago Mr. Isaac Lockhart became sole 
proprietor, his brother retiring. The premises occupied have dimensions of 50x100 feet, and are equipped with sixteen 
looms, which are operated by steam power, and employment is found for twenty five expert workmen. Mr. Lockhart per- 
sonally directs l heir labors, and manufactures ingrain carpets of superior quality and in handsome designs. The output 
amounts to thirty rolls per week, each roll containing 130 yards. The goods are always maintained at the same high standard of excellence 
Mr Lockhart was born abroad, but has resided in Philadelphia the past thirty years. He is esteemed as a reliable business man and 
public spirited citizen. 





( !. STARK & CO., Memorial Cards. N T o 706 Chestnut Street.—*' In the midst of life we are in death." is a true apostolic sa j 
ing.and one whose truth is recog nized by all. But death is not pleasant to dwell upon. We hear with perfect equanimity 
of the deaths ut" strangers, but not until those personally beloved are taken from us does the full significance of the up- 
giving of life reveal itself. When this mournful and unavoidable event occurs, it is the manifest duty of the survivor to 
observe the occasion with every possible exhibit of feeling ami ceremony. In this connection we wish to win the at tent ion 
<<f 1. nr readers to the establishment of K.lw. C. Stark & Co., whose fine memorial goods have acquired so much favor 
throughout the United States and Canada. This house was founded seven years ago, by the present sole proprietor. Mr, E. C. Stark, under 
the title of the Memorial Card Company, and two years since he adopted the existing firm name. Mr. Stark is a native of Hoboken, N. J. 
came to this city in 1873, and has had eighteen years' practical experience as a printer. He is a pioneer in his present line, and has achieved, 
a well deserved success Mr. Stark turns out a very fine line of memorial goods, including memorial cards, prayer cards, satin puffs, verses, 
prayers, frames, etc. Illustrated circulars, including verses, prices, and all information, are sent free on application. 



138 



H 1 S T O R 1 C A 



and commercia: 



1LADELPHIA. 




"IIAMOND l.i i I m:u COMPANY Lighl and Power Seventeenth and Clearfield Streets Th< re is no science or Industry ol 
n „ presi i has made such wonderful progress :i- the electric, and this may well be El 

This is all the more reinai nsider thai electrical science is in its infancy. In this 

connection spi >n should be made of theDiam I Electric Company, corner of Seventeei th, and Clearfield E 

I ,, fthemosl prosperous electrical concerns in the city, engaged in furnishing light and power. Thecompany 

. . tartered in 1891, with 1 1 ipita ickol (350,000, and the following prominently known gentle n as officers: Presi- 
dent, Chas. A. Porter; secretary rohn B StaufFer; superintendenl and manage! B \ Gckman; directors, ( rter, David Martin, 

Wm. B. Dixey, Wm. A. Latta,, \ Castor rhi company's plant is splendidly equippi I Che main building has two floors, each 100x150 

jioi, i, i Idi irick, with terra cotta trimmings, and the oftta Lre handsomely appointed with brass fixtures, tiled 

furnishing I in al outfit includes five boilers each of 200-horse power, two engines ol 100-hoi i power each, a 

300-horse power engine, four dynamos of 60 arc light capacity each, and three incandescent light dynamos, ha ;atota 

lights. Thecompanj supplj light and power for public and private use over a radius within three miles of their si u A staff ol skilled 

hands is employed, the sen ice is flrsl class in everj resj t, while the ch i uniformly reasonable in character, This company in 

jhing their plant have sp | ' use to make it the model electrical stati in in America, no innovation Is made In electrical sc le 

that thei d al te avail themselves ol and il is par excelle ■ the mosl modern and al the same time mosl nplete institution 

i. in. to be fi i in the present a ■• 




iUARANTEE TRUST AND SAFE DEPOSIT I OMPANY, No. 816 Chestnut Streel Thai bank vaults or private 

afford that rutin' security which run I btained in the vaults ,,i a ivel] md su ssful safe deposit company is 

clearlj proven l>y the facl thai fifteen niilli"iis of dollars have ' □ stolen from banks and private vaults during the past lew 

years, while no safe deposit company has ever 1 n robbed and no attempt bj burglars has ever been made This shows 

emphatically thai the precautions taken by these companies have been absolutely successful. The Guarantee Trust and 
Safe Deposil I lompanj .it Nos 316 318 and 320 Chestnut Street, was incorporated .May 24, 1870, as the I Iranite Insurance 
Trust ami Safe Deposit Company," itspresenl title being adopted in 1872. Its magnificent building is a credit t" thecompanj and an orna- 
ment to it has a frontage of 57 feel on Chestnut Street and 198 feel on both Hudson Streel and Carpenter's Courl It is a genuinely 
. , . pi , i structure, planned expressly with a view to affording the besl attainable facilities for the security and safe keeping ol valuables ol 

wills, deeds, insurance policies, savings bank 1 i ■ and other papers: pon, registered and other bonds; certificates 

ol stock, plate, Jewelry, clothing and other personal effects. The foundations ol this splendid building are ol si trom8to ISfeel deep 

and i feel thick. The basement walls are 8 feet thick, 



treSfeel 3 inches thick, and the interior and partition 
in, l are laid with concrete and encaustic tiles. 
al or construction, whicl Id render ii more se- 

c .f the ( ipany are six In number and constructed of 

welded together and impenetrable to the finest tem- 
ed granite blocks, 

all laid in cement and se- 
eled together. The co\ 

immense blocks of granite, 

to thirteen tuns, i ivertwo 

put in for i lie immediate 

is room for four thousand 

combination and permit 

st ruction known I hej 

(125 perannum, according 

are opened only w il b I he 

The offices are patrolled 

watchmen and the watch 
night, Siuni i\ s or 

safeguards, n hich I ■ pn 

made public, serve t<» ren- 

antee Trusl and Safe De- 
cure in t be ■• orld i 

of money al intere 

•- i ' abl i 

capacity *>f executor, ad- 
committee, re 
ii, i executes trusts 

pointment of state 

ttals; collects nit. 

oilier bus s. authorized 

i .. Qt fOr Un- 
well as the collect! m ol 
estates in tln^ ,-it\ 
bile their own 
.in life for 







of hard brick laid in cement. The walls above the main floor 
walls are also ol brick. The floors are of iron beams with brick 
Ir would be difficult to suggest anything either in location, 
cureor indestructible, The*massive fire and burglar-proof vaults 
the mosl superior hardened iron and steel plates, securelj 
pen 'i i iel drills, and enclosed on all suit-- with massive walls of 

weighing several tons each, 
curel i clamped and d< >w 
ers over the top ai e nine 
each weighing from eight 
■ i safes have beei 
use "i renters, while then 
more, Thej are fitted with 
tat ion locks of the I teal 
are rented at from $r> to 
to si/..- and location and 
U-\ s held bj the renters 
ilny and night by armed 
on the vaults nevet ces ea 
holidays, These withother 
dential reasons are not 
der the vaults of tin I luar 
po it< lorapany 1 1 »*- most se- 
pany also receives d< 
1. 1.- 1.\ check "ii demand 01 
presentation; arts In the 
niihisir ,ii. ■! guardian, as- 
ceiver, agent, attorney 
of every Kind under ap- 
corpoi al ions or indh id- 
income, and :■ 
t.\ a- charter. Tins com- 
iM.Hi.i ■-■in. 'Hi ol esl ■ 
m, , -nn- and man] of tlit* 
and vicinity an* plai ' in 
ers go t" enjoj i ravel and 
a time tts i apital Is spe- 



cially pledged by the terms of its charter for the Faithful discharge of all trusts to its care whfli i the policy ol 

iththe times, and by addin everj improvement which ■ msu lie security 

In an i bur* I [tisopen foi ral business rrom a. m to lp. m.: for de] lymenl of checks 

.3p m meet md directors of this company are as follows, viz : President, Richard V. Cook; vice-president, I I 

it. Earle, Jr.; treasurer, Harrj .1 Delan ry,John Jaj Gllroy; tm 1 offlcei Richard C Winship; director Ed C Enighl J 

■-■ W Rotch Wlster, Alfred Fitter, .1 Dickinson Sergeant, Aaron Fries. Charles A. Sparks, Joseph Moore, Jr., Richard Y 1 
■ ■ ray Cooke, Jr., C01 ers Button These gentlemen are all honored and esteemed in the financial world for their ability 
tegrity, and the success achieved by thiscori isoun I pride i<> everj citizen of the Pity of Brol 1 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



i:;. 



KflHllS 




HE SAVING FUND SOCIETY of Germantown and its Vicinity, Corner of Main and School Streets. -( >ne of the most solid, 
prosperous and popular financial institutions in the city is the Savins; Fund Society of Germantown and its vicinity, whose 
building is at the corner of Main and School Streets. This society was chartered in 1854, and it has been successfully 
directed from the outset and ever enjoyed the fullest confidence of the public. The following prominently known gentle- 

11 are the officers and board of managers; president, Isaac C. Jones, Jr.; vice-president, .lames M. Aertsen; secretary 

Ellistou P. Morris; treasurer, Charles A. Spiegel; managers, Ellison P. Morris, Samuel Morris, J. L. Erringer, .las. M. Aertsen, 
James S. Joues, Philip C. Garrett, William G. Spencer, Isaac < ' Junes. Jr., Joseph s. Harris, William \v. Justice, Francis B. Reeves, Justus 
0. Strawbridge, William Hacker, John J. Henry, Tattnall Paulding. Mr. Jones has been president the past four years and prior to that was 
vice-president seven years Mr. Aertsen, who has been vice-president the past four years, lias been with the society since 1K54. Mr. .Morris 
has been secretary since 1854, while Mr. Spiegel, with the bank twenty years, has been treasurer the pasl twelve years. The business W as 
formerly conducted at the corner of Main Street "and ( Ihelton Avenue, hut in 1883 the society built the handsome quarters since occupii 
them. The affairs of the society are in a most flourishing condition, as the following summary <>t the statement, presented Jan. 1 1892, 
will show: Received from depositors in 1891, $1,194,007.58; interest credited and paid in 1891, $69,965.37; total, $1,363,972.95: paid to depositors 
in 1891, $1,188,942.70; showing a gain in deposits $75,030.25; total received from depositors sine., organization, $18,411,655.04; total paid to 
depositors since organization S 1. 1, 91 li, '.«;•; 10: showing ha la nee due .Ian nary 1. 1892, $2,494,6111.64; total interest paid to depositors since organ- 
ization, $877,803.61 ; whole number of accounts opened. ".9,sti3; while number of accounts closed, 27,496; whole number of accounts new 

open, 12,187. The managers serve without compensation or direct personal advantage, and neither thej my officer or agent' of the 

Saving Fund can directly or indirectly borrow money, nor by note, bond or mortgage or other obligation, become in any way indebted to il 
The deposits range from ten cents upwards, and when they reach $5.00 bear interest. 

■ Hi iMAS SHAW, Mechanical Engineer and Manufacturer of Engineers' Special Appliances, Patentee of the 
United states standard Mercury Steam Gauge, Offices, No. 915 Ridge Avenue, Works, No. 103.") Ridge 
Avenue.— One of those reputable and reliable houses that have added so materially to the influence of 
Philadelphia as a source of supply is that so ably conducted by Mr. Thomas Shaw, the eminent mechani 
.il engineer, at No. 915 Ridge Avenue. This gentleman is a native Philadelphian, who established him- 
self in business here in 1872, and has achieved world-wide renown as the inventor of Shaw's United states 
standard mercury gauges, vacuum, gas and blast gauges; Shaw's mercury tank indicator. Shaw's paten I governor for 
tank-pumping engines, Shaw's mine signal machine, etc.; also as a manufacturer and designer of special tools, machin- 
ery and engineers' supplies, hydraulic machinery, pressure gauges, etc. He has taken out 114 patents on eighty-six differ- 
ent subjects, while his specialties are unequaled for faultless const ruction, perfect accuracy and thorough adaptability to 
the requirements of the trade. His gauges are in preferential use all over the world. Shaw's mercury gauge, invented i>\ 
him in 1880. has been adopted as the standard in the United States Navy and by many leading railways, Shaw's mercury 
blast gauge records the pressure of natural gas or air for blast furnaces, cupolas, forge fires, etc. Shaw's patent gov- 
ernor for tank-pumping engines controls the engine by the height of the water; while his latest invention, t he mine signal 
machine, is used for testing dangerous eases, and is already adopted in Pennsylvania and by the chief mine inspector of 
Ohio. Shaw's mercury tank indicator has been in use several years in prominent buildings, giving perfect indication of 
amount of water in tanks. It saves excess of pumping, overflowing the tanks, or the danger of having the tanks empty 
and the trouble of sending parties to notethe amount of water in the same. It is a valuable instrument that pays for 
itself in a shot' time, in the advantages derived from its use. Mr. Shaw occupies a four-story building, which is fully 
equipped with new and improved machinery and ample steam-power, and employment is given therein to some twenty- 
five skilled assistants. He is thus prepared to meet all demands of a trade that is world-wide in extent, while be is also 
general manager of the United States Mine Signal Manufacturing and Supply Company of Philadelphia, and stands at 
the head of the mechanical engineering professiou of this country. 




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PHILADELPHIA MARBLE COMPANY. Representing Vermont Marble Company, Producers of Rutland, Sutherland Falls and 
Mountain Dark Marbles. No. 201 South Thirtieth street.— In this brief sketch of the Vermont Marble Company, as represented 
here by the Philadelphia Marble Company, at No. 201 South Thirtieth Street, we introduce to our readers the largest marble 
quarrying concern in the world, ranking first in quality and foremost in the volume of its production. The Vermont. Marble 
Company has its quarries, mills and works at Proctor, Center Rutland and West Rutland, in Rutland County, Vermont, and 
has been represented here by Mr. Samuel Williams as manager since 1879. He carries a full line of finished work for both 
building and monumental purposes, and his bouse is the recognized leader in its line in the city. His yard has a frontage of 175 feet on the 
river, and is connected by switch with the Pennsylvania Railroad. He is prepared to supply dealers and contractors with the famous Rut- 
land, Sutherland Falls and Mountain Dark marbles, in quantities to suit at the shortest notice, while he gives special attention to ordersfor 
monumental work. Fabrication of memorial work has become an art requiring originality of conception, technical training, patient and 
intelligent application, and the very acme of expert workmanship, to secure an artistic totality of admirable and enduring qualities. To 
fully meet these essential requisites, the efforts of the Philadelphia Marble Company are unremitting Their premises are replete ,vith a 
varied aud complete assortment of designs, suited to the tastes and means of all, and values are here offered which cannot be duplicated 
elsewhere. All work proves as represented, is guaranteed in every respect, and every statement in letter and spirit is fully substantiated. 
In both memorial designs, ideal and realistic carving, and in the selection of materials, this company stands preeminent in the trade. The 
fullest extent of artistic possibility has signallized their many productions. Their well-tested merits and marked appreciation in every cem- 
etery in this city and throughout the country is their best possible recommendation, their only needed endorsement. i'"or the execution of 
building work no house in the marble business is so well adapted for success. The Sutherland Falls marble is undoubtedly the strongest, 
most durable and in general effect most satisfactory for this class of work. It is not a pure white. Inn slichtlv clouded or variegated- is a 
fine, hard and close-grained stone and so does not absorb the impurities of the atmosphere, but retains its bright, and clear appearance after 
continued exposure. Not being a dead white, it blends so nicely in an entire front as to be especially pleasing and harmonious. It is pecul- 
iarly adapted for buildings requiring large pieces, as blocks ol almosl any size can be quarried. When a dark stone is required, nothing 
can be found any handsomer than the Rutland Blue or Mountain Dark. Rock-faced it presents the finest effect of any known material 
The business of the Philadelphia house extends throughout Pennsylvania. New Jersey. Delaware. Maryland and the South, and is annually 
increasing under enterprising and reliable management. Mr. Williams, the manager, has been connected with the marble business for a 
period of thirty years, is an expert authority in the selection of materials and eminently popular and successful in meeting every demand of 
a widespread, high-class trade. 



I M 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHI A . 




B R, McGLENN, Marble and Brownstone Works, Lehigh Avenue ibove 1 m Iveuue i iu nui Iter of fine bu 

and residential buildings thai are erected in Philadelphia, has resulted in malcj trade in building 

si mi in -..f the most important industries in thecil the foremost houses engaged in the business is tlmtol 

irbleand brownstone works are located on Lehigh Avenue, above Kens ngton \.\e we Mi 
Phi lade lphian bj birth. In 1880 he established business at the corner ol 1 ronl and Norris Stre te, where he i- now erect 
[ng a handsome building for store and hall purposes, having removed the stoneworks to Lehigh Avenue in March | 
[lis present residence is i eenth Street. The premises occupied for business purposes are ainplj large, excellently 

equipped, and employment is found for twenty five workmen. Mr. McGlenn executes building and cemetery 
order, making a leading specialty of building stone work, among the important contracts he now bason hand maj be mentioned the fur 

of si me for residences for Mr Langham, corner Srv.-iK--.Miih and Cumberland str.-ns. and Mr. Hagan, Second an i i >. i 
and Second and Indiana Avenu I ites for anything in his line are promptly furnished i>\ Mr McGlenn, and all ordi 

fully upon liberal terms. 



IARSHALL BROS., Bobbin ami Spool Makers, For Cotton, Woolen and Silk Factories, Corner Frankford Avenue and Adam 

Street, Frankford. For a quarter of a century the bobbins and sj la made by Marshall Bros., corner Frankford Avenue 

and A.lams Street, have been in us.- all over this country. The product! ms ol Lhis firm have a reputation second t" none, ami 

are in extensive ami grow ing demand The Mi ssrs. Marshall manufacture bobbins and -j u . >i everjj size and description 

for cotton, woolen and silk mills, and turn out a cla i] a very superior character They have exi 

and fan execute orders for anything in their line at shortest notice and upon the most favorable terms, Their factor; it .1 

10 x 1 25 feel two storj structure, and is equipped with ample steam power and the latest improved machinery, while twentj hands are 

employed in 'he concern. The firm is composed of James and John Marshall, ami then- nephew, William Marshall, who succeeded to his 
3 interest in the business about two years ago. The Messrs. Marshal] are natives of England and have been In this city for the pasl 

twenty-seven years. Thej are all n of practical skill and thorough experience, and are well know a in the cotton, woolen and silk industry 

throughout the United States. 





s. REED, Real Estate, Etc., Northwest Corner Thirty third and Chestnut Streets. The real estate market <>t Philadelphia is one 
of the most, substantial, active and nourishing to be found in the entire country, and the high standard t<> which it has been 
raised must be credited to the honorable met ho. is ami public spiritedness "i our real estate agents and brokers < >ne ol 1 he 
oldest, besl known ami most prominent anion- those extensively engaged in this field of enterprise is Mr. R s. Reed, wh< ise 
headquarters are at the northwest corner of Thirty-third and Chestnut Streets, ami his branch office al No 1- Darbj R id 
He established at the former address eighteen years ago, meeting with the besl "t success, and he has always commai 
large, active and most desirable patronage. The branch office was opened about a year since. Mr, Reed has been a notarj public for four- 
teen years, and attends to all tli-- duties of that position. He was born in Lancaster, Fa. and has resided in Philadelphia 50 years; before 
ng in- present Ime he was identified for many years with the wholesale grocerj trade, Employing four assistants, Mr Reed 
en era! business in buying and selling property of all kinds, making a leading specialty of residences in the Twenty -fourth ami Twentj 
sevent 1 1 Ward--. He also negotiates loans and mortgages, assumes the management of estates, effects tire insurance, collects rents > 
tenants, and profitably invests capital tor investor-. His judgment is invariably sound, ins mh ice reliable and judicious, and 
require a in thing in his line will do well to secure his -.ervic.es. 




aEt) !■'. rRKlTXUUUU \ SON, Importers. Manufacturers and Healers in Fine Cutlery. Pocket Cutlery, Scissors and 
Shears, Cooks 1 Carving and Butcher Knives, Razors, Bones, Strops, Etc., also Repairers of all Kinds of Cutlery, Con 
Razors a Specialty, No. 119 North Sixth Street. — An old-established and widely-known Philadelphia cutlery firm is that <-\' 
Geo 1 ' CreutzburgA Son, No. 1 19 North Sixth Street. This is one of the oldesl and leading houses in its line in the cil 
for fortj odd years has been conducted at the present location with uninterrupted success Thej are importers, manufac- 
turers and dealers in tine cutlery, turning out and handling only high-grade go,., is. They do both a wholesale and retail bus- 
tnd 'h.- 1 r trade, which is very large, extends throughout the United States. The quarters occupied for manufacturing purposes, etc . 
idiousand well equipped, and are fitted up with ample steam-power and the latesl improved machinery, appliances and tools 
The facilities are firsl class in all respects, and. twenty skilled hands are employed, The firm occupies a 85 \ 60 feel store ami basement, ami 
the t hi id and fourth floors besides, where can alwaj sbe found an extensive and complete assortment, and is represented on the road bj 
salesmen. The stock comprises fine \> >cke1 cutlery, scissors and shears, cook-,', carving and butcher knives, razors, hone-, strops and bar 
uipplies genet of all kinds is repaired here in the most superior manner at short notice. This house also 

manufactures and makes a specialty of the Bagle brand of razors. Razors, scissors, knives, eh-., are ground also, and special attention 1^ 
given to th coi 1 i ol razoi Ml work .ion.- is guaranteed to i„- first class, perfeel satisfacl ion being assured, while every article sold 
irranted to be exactly a- represented. The prices, too, are always the lowest, liberal inducements being offered to the trade, and all 
orders are promptly and carefully attended to 




' >. W. DEVINNY, Masonic Marks and S ■ ■ ■■ Bad 10 estnu.1 Street. The vast membership ol tie- numerou 

societies and I a ol the United States, has caused the building up of several busines ca 

importani ■ ising value. One of these is repi iianufacturei c marks and society 

■ tdge The leading house in the Quaker Cit; I in this line, is that of Geo. W. Devinny, whose salesroom and factory 

are at No [020t i tnut Street. Mr. Devinny established business six years ago, bringing thorough experience to bear, hav- 
ing followed the trade for the past quarter century. Ih' iii won i large trade throughout Pennsylvania and vicini 
acquired an enviable reputation for the superior n i - products. Mr- Devinny is a native of Philadelphia, and now in the midd 

During the war lie enlisted as a private in Company I., 90th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer [nfantry, sen Ing for two years with 
the An Potomac taking part in five important enga ppointed 2nd V. S. Invalids by Presid< I In He 

tember of 1 of the Potomac, and al G G ' le Post. No. I, G. A. R., being Pasl i of this post, 

which is the largest in the citj He is also prominent in fraternal orders, ■ Grand of Chosen Friends Lodge, So. 100, 1. 0. i ■ I 

PastCon .' imanden % - --' Knights of. Ma iprenn Commander of the Knights of Malta; tru 

Perkins Lodge, No. 102 r and \. M., and a member of the Knights of Pythias, Bed Men, Knights of the i 
Knights Templar, etc. Mr, Devinnj em] i o! expert assistants and manufactures masonic marks and societj badges o! everj 

variety, executing gold and silver work only. The goods are all ol er, artistically finished, and tho e ■■■ I rd< 

thing in his line 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



141 





jANAYCXK NATIONAL BANK, No. 4375 Main Street.— Manayunk owes much of its present prosperity and is under great 
obligations to the Manayunk National Bank, which under able and progressive management, lias fostered and promoted 
various mercantile and manufacturing interests in this entire community. It was duly incorporated in 1870, and its slock 

was pr |.ilv subscribed f. n- by leading citizens of Manayunk and vicinity. From the start this bank had Che confidence and 

patronage of the commercial and industrial world, and lias carried increasingly large lines of deposits, the majority repre- 
senting active accounts, while its loans and discounts represent sound business transactions of the larger houses. It has a 
capital stock of $300,000, and is officered as follows, viz.: President, David Wallace; cashier, John J. Foulkrod; directors, John J. Foulkrod, 
David Wallace. C. J. McGlinchey, A. Piatt, John Flanagan, Harmon Johnson, Leander SI. Jones, Wm. Rice and Win. H. Nixon. This bank 
transacts a regular legitimate hanking business in deposits, loans, collections and exchange; receives the accounts of banks, hankers, corpo 
rati, .ns. individuals and firms on the most favorable terms; discounts tirst-class commercial paper and makes loans on approved collateral; 
• lea is in foreign exchange, issues sight drafts and makes collections on all available points through its numerous correspondents, who include 
the Hanover National Bank of New York and the National Bank of the Republic of Philadelphia. It has accumulated a surplus fund of 
$100,000 with undivided profits of $51,364.26, while its deposits average $778,000 and its loans and discounts $775,000. The bank's total assets 
no\v"amoutit to $1,211,1177.60, which is abundantly indicative of the wise and liberal policy ever animating the officers and the directorate. No 
fiscal institution in the city has achieved more deserved popularity, none has a better system or more ably advances its customers' besl 

interests and none is more worthy of confidence. President Wallace has been at the helm since 1881 and a director from the incepti f the 

bank. The cashier. Mr. Foulkrod, was elected to that position m 1871, having previously been connected with the Second National of Frank- 
ford and the Bank of the Republic of Philadelphia, and in the banking business constantly since 1867. and both gentlemen are thoroughly 
tra I financiers, whose opinions are of weight in banking circles. 

HE s. s. WHITE DENTAL MANUFACTURING COMPANY, Founded by Samuel S. White in 1811, Ii rporated in [881; 

( 'hestnut Street, Corner of Twelfth.— The name of S. S. White has been so long and so prominently identified with the manu- 
facture of the finest classes of dental instruments that it represents what a trade-mark does in other branches of business. 
The industry founded by Dr. Samuel S. White in 1844 has become the largest in its line in the whole civilized world. There 
is no city so densely populated, no island so remote, but the name of this house is coupled with the prosperity and well-being 
of its people. Dr. White died in 1879, but his name and fame survive and The S. S. White Dental Manufacturing Company, 
which was incorporated in July, 1881, with a paid up capital of $1,000,000. now makes more than three-fourths of all the dental goods used in 
the United States. The Philadelphia office of the company (the headquarters) is eligibly located on Chestnut Street, corner of Twelfth, and 
is under expert and successful management. The premises here occupied comprise a splendid five-story marble front building, 4."> x 335 feet 
m dimensions, divided into manufacturing 



and sales departments, in which are employed 
some 300 persons. A complete stock of the 
company's specialties is here constantly 
carried, t uprising the latest improved den- 
tal chairs, and every known instrument of 
merit for extracting, filling and cleaning teeth ; 
also electric motors, all the best tools and 
equipments for the manufacture of sets of 
teeth, as well as full supplies of porcelain 
teeth; ami gold, silver, rubber and other 
materials. The company has a plant at 
Frankford, Pa., for the manufacture of fine 
steel instruments, where employment is given 
to 200 hands; and another plant on Staten 
Island, for making dental chairs and heavy 
goods, where 100 employees are engaged. 
One hundred and eight first premiums have 
been received at the great expositions 
throughout the world, and t"ie business rela- 
tions of the company are practically univer- 
sal. Branch offices are operated in New 
York. Brooklyn. Boston, Chicago and Atlanta, 
with its main office in this city. Here is pub- 
lished the " Dental Cosmos," the leading 
dental magazine of the universe, founded in 
1859. Tin- executive officers of the company 
are as follows, viz.; Henry M. Lewis, presi- 
dent; W. H. Gilbert, general manager: J. Clarence Whit,-, secretary 




- 



Samuel T. Jones, treasurer. All have been trained in tin- busiuess for 
years, are eminent in the world of manufactures and of the highest repute in the business community. Their held is practically unlimited, 
and they can claim with mighty England that the sun never sets upon the products of their industry, 

•'. WELLS & SON. Carpenters, Contractors and Builders, Office, No. 260 South Eighth Street, Shop, No. 520 Buckley Street, 
— In no part of the world is the constructive art. in all its numerous ramifications, of greater importance than in Philadelphia, 
h here buildings of all kinds, large and small, are in constant progress in every part of the city. Among houses that have 
been for some years established in this branch of commercial and industrial activity in this city is that of C. F. Wells & Son. 
whose office is located at No. 200 South Eighth Street, They also occupy a two-story building for workshop at No. 520 Buck- 
ley Street. This firm began business in 18S2 for themselves under the present style, Messrs, C. F. Wells and W. C. Wells 
being the proprietors of the business. They bring vast practical experience to bear as well as good sound judgment and ample resources, 
and the buildings constructed by them are noted as being reliable and beautiful in exterior and perfect and elegant within, while the prices 
asked are the lowest consistent with the best workmanship. They have built numerous houses in the city and suburbs, all planned and super- 
vised with the greatest care and fitted with the very latest improvements. They built the " Colonial Hotel'* and numerous residences, 
etc., in the city as well as a great many residences in Germantown. Mr. C. F. Wells has had a practical experience of forty years. 
They are natives of New Jersey and have been residents of the city for a number of years. Mr, C. F. Wells is a prominent member of the 
I. 0. O. F. W. C. Wells, his son and partner, is a young man and has been brought up in the business. They give employment to a compe- 
tent staff of mechanics and workmen. 




14-.' 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




Mo 6208 



\\u> Hi mi 11; Wholesale Dealer In Dressed Beef, Southwest Corner Twenty-ninth and Market Streets, also Nos t722-24-26 

Fairmount Avenue Philadelphia has ever been celebrated for its I le dressed beef, the excellence ol which affords 

the Western bet f no chance i"i" favorable comparison V foremost bouse engaged in the wholesale handling of city dressed 
beel is that of Mr. David Hoffer, whose headquarters are located in the Philadelphia Market, southwest corner Twenty ninth 

and Market Streets, andwhohas i retail branchal Nos 1722 i-.i !726Fairn nt Avenue ami Nos. 251 253 j Warren Street 

Jersey City The establishment has telephonic Bervice, the calls being: Market Street, No 278 Vi P Fairmounl Wei 

loffer is a native of Philadelph I our most prominent citizens, and thoroughly identified with the city's best interests 



He is a member of the Philadelphia Bourse, the Maritime Exchange, and the Marketmen's Association, in 1855 Mr, Hoffer began business 

as a retail dealer in meats, in 1 he Qirard Street tfarket, afterward removing to Fairmounl Avenue, and seventeen years ago be added a whole 
partment In March, 1891, Mr. Hoffer opened his wholesale store in the Philadelphia Market, Tin- present extent of tin' business 
Is tl mployment of twenty-five hands. Tl tin a is equipped with an overhead railway, and bai i in Apacirj Buff] 

cient for forty-eight bead of cattle. The sales amount to from 70 to 100 head of cattle weekly. First-class beef only is dealt in. and r 1 1« - trade 

iv supplied at lowest prevailing market prices. 




gl'.i >i;i;i: i ■ WvKI.F.ss. Manufacturer of Fine Silver Pli I Ware, No. 641 Arch Street— One of the oldest established houses in 

ih-* entire city of Philadelphia, engaged as a manufacturer of fine silver plated war,-, is thai ,-t < ; -get lareless, Located at No 

641 Arch Street. This responsible undertaking was founded in 1858 by Messrs. Careless ami Furnace the latter reti 
1803— an- i since the decease of Mr. George Careless, three years ago, the business has been managed in detail by his son, Mr 

William Careless. Thebasisof the operations of the I s nsistsin the manufacture to order for the trade, of a general 

line of electro-silver plated tableware, such as mugs, center ornaments, sugar howls, milk an,! cream jugs, congs, tea and 
ci iffee pots, urns, salvers, and everything in tableware, in addition to which anything in Jin-- si her plate is made to order to any 
from Hi.- plainest to the most richlj artistio ami elaborate and chased, engraved, figured, etc., i" anj pattern, while a Is,,, repairing 
ing ainl replating are promptly executed I'll-' factory, i"- x li", feet in area, on the third floor at tin- address named, is furnished » ith a 

, iplete modern equipment of machinery, appliances and accessories pertaining t-- the industry . ample electric-power being provided ami 

ten skilled workers there regularly employed, rheable nil experien imanager, Mr. William Careless, was broughtup tothls li -i 

trade and is now forty-three years of age. Heisa native of Birmingham, England, but was brought to this city when only three months old 
and is a member of the Knights of Pythias, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Knights "I tin- Golden Eagle, the Independent 
< inter of Red Men, the Legion of the Red Cross ami the Home Builders. 




jll.Ti in A. CRESSM W \ i '< ' . Produce Commission Merchant, Nos. no and 68 North Water Street. That branch of mercantile 

industry designated under the head of nission merchants, is a. very important business in Philadelphia, and a 

l> iwerful auxiliary m expanding ami building up the general interests --I the city. By alluring produce ami other 

goods t" tins city, direct from the producer, not onij do our citizens procure their f I supplies at a mini) n cost, but a 

considerable trade is attracted to Philadelphia, that, under other conditions, would seek a market where the producer sold 
Ins produce. A prominent house engaged in the trail,- is that ,-f Milton A I iressman & Co . whose establishment is at Nos 
B6 and 68 North Water Street, This business was inaugurated three years ago by the present proprietors. Messrs, Milton A. Cressman ami 
\ M.-l" Dunne, both of whom have been with John Jamison & < '--.. nnd in the produce commission trade fifteen and eighteen years respec 

tively. Both are natives oi this city, and members of the Philadelphia Produce Exchange, and Nan. nal Cheese, Butter and Egg Associal 

The premises occupied comprise a four-story building, ~0 x 40 feet in dimensions, equipped with two large i ling-rooms, and all facilities 

The firm make a leading s| ialty of butter, eggs, and cheese, receiving the entire products of creameries in Pennsylvania, New Fork, Ohio 

ami the West, ami their trade extends through Pennsylvania, New Jersey. Delaware, and the South. A single consignment ,-f g is on 

the part of the producer, or a mhh-i ol Messrs. Milton A. Cressman ,y Co's. stock and facilities, will prove the liberality ami reliable ■ 
n-r ,-f tin- establishment. 

|AMES STAFFORD, Star Wool,-,, Mills, Manufacturer ol Blankets, Woolen G Is an, I Tarns, Church Street, Manayunk. In 

the production ->i blankets, woolen goods anil yarns, a marked success has hen achieved in tins city by Mr, .lames Stafford, 
proprietor --i the Star Woolen Mills, located on Church Street, corner of Wood. Mr. Stafford was horn in England, but cam, 
I-. Philadelphia forty tin- years ago, when but ten years old, his parents having emigrated to this country. Thlrtj years ago, 

opposite ih.- site he nov, occupies, in- assisted in establishing tin- foundation of the business which has sii grown to such 

great magnitude Ten years were passed at that address, when a removal to the present location waseffected The I en 

pied is large in extent The mill buildings an- of stone, ha v.- three and four floors res] tivelj and an- furnished with a first-class .-ha al 

..-nt, which includes thirty four broad power I. ...ins. four sets -.1 sixty inch wide cards, and the most improved textile machinery, till 
driven by a 70-horse power engine There is also a large dyehouse attached thereto. Employment is found for ninety-six hands Mi 
Stafford has had thirty-five years' experience in his vocation, and set a to It that his mills ore always maintained at the highest point of ,-tii 

ciencj II.- manufactures blankets, woolen s.-oods and varus, also linings fordress K Is. The output is a heavj one employment regular, 

ids ..i first quality, and tl,,- trad,- extends to all parts of the United States Mr Stafford is president of the Real Estate Syndicate of 
Manayunk an, I Wissahickon. which is actively engaged in buying up land and opening lots in this section for sal,- for residential purposes 

iid growth of the citj is quickly enhancing the value ol property on all sides, and tic- first investors are those who --am the most 

l-'ull particulars can be learned on application t., Mr. Stafford 




iSffl 




|EORGE WM OTTO Igent Manul tcturei ol ill Kinds of Pur.- Soda Waters, ami Bottler of Bergner .\ Engel's Tannhauser 
Beer v, 180 Bainbridge Street Probabfo the oldest bottling establishment in activi operation in the cltj of Philadelphia is 
that own. lb; ■ rge Wm Otto and situated at No SO Bainbridge Street This enterprise was founded in 1885 bj Eugene 

in 1 n- 1866 the present proprietor - ided to tl ntrol of affairs t Iwing t" the thorough knowledge brought to 

to tether with his prompt, energetic and liberal policy, the large trade now commanded has been buill up. The 

works were formerlj located al No 518 Locust Street, but owing t" thi trowth .a' the industry a removal to the present 
iters was effected t.-,, years ago. The pren ol two floors each 60s 100 feet in dimensions, and the place is equipped 

■ class machinery driven >.- steam power Mr ' nt.- employs twelve hands, ami owns thirteen horses and ten 
ures all kinds of oda raters, his pro lucts being noted for their purity, flavor, and uniform excellence. Mr. Otl 

bottles I lager, also PI Ip Zaun's Weiss beer, and makes a 8] laltyofBei ner & Engel's Tannhauser 1 r. Hedi 

■ six tl sand barrels of beery earl} Belling to ■■ and dealers Mr Otto was born In Germany, and came to this city twentj sj x 

years ago, sii then becoming a well known ami popular citizen. He is a member of the Masonic ( Irder, also of the National I -ot tiers' 

Association, and has ably served as secretary of the latter organization. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



14a 



I.FRED M. HERKNESS & CO., Horse ami Carriage Bazaar, Ninth ami Sansom Streets.— This famous horse and carriage 

bazaar was originally founded in 1S4T by Mr Alfred M. Herkness, who adopted the firm name of Alfred M. Herkness & Co 

This gentleman was bora in Scotland, but lias resided in this city the past, sixty years, coming here from the "Land of the 

ll.ather " when a lad of fourteen yt ars, and has risen to prominence through Ins own exertions and industry. In 1870 Mr. 

Herkness admitted to partnership his son, Mr. A. Morris Herkness. and in 1882, a second son. Mr. Walter W. Herkness, also 

came into the firm. These young men are native Philadelphians, and are possessed of sound business ability. They are 

mown in business and social life. The extensive premises occupied consist of a Ave story building, 150x235 feet in dimensions, and 

in height. There is ample storage capacity for about 300 carriages, and there are. stalls for 150 horses. Among the conveniences 

ring around the auctioneer's stand for the display of the horses offered for sale. Public sales are held on Wednesdays and 

which are always well attended, and private sales are held daily. The Messrs. Herkness receive horses from all overPennsyl 

the sales amount to over 125 head « eekly. Carriages and wagons of all kinds are also dealt in. 

ANIEL B RUFFNER, Dealer in Lehigli and Schuylkill Coal, Lime. Cement, Etc.: and RUFFNER & DUNN, Manufac- 
turers of Nut Locks and Tube Cleauers; .N. mist own Railroad and Bowman Street.— The Philadelphia coal trade has one ol 
ns foremost representatives in Mr. Daniel B. Ruffner, whose extensive yard is located at the junction of the Norristown 
Railroad and Bowman Street, East Schuylkill Falls. Mr. Ruffner was born in this city, in the Twenty-eighth Ward, on 
January t. 1835. and he has long been prominently known in fraternal, business and social circles. He is a director of the 
Mutual I lie Insurance Company of Philadelphia, a member of the firm of Ruffner & Dunn, and sole proprietor of the large 
coal yard at the ad.lr.-s~ already indicated. He established this business in 1672 The yard lias an area of 75x330 feet, and a storage capac 
ity of 15,000 tons of coal. Six men and three teams are kept busy, and Mr. Ruffner carries on a general business as a dealer in the best 






E -.celsior Single and Double Automatic Nut Locks or Fish Plate Spring 




Excelsior Steel Tube Cleaners. 
grades of Lehigh and Schuylkill coal, and also handles masons' materials, such as lime 



Double Nut Lock. 
.ineiit. ete. Both a wholesale and retail trade is 




earned on. and all orders are filled at. lowest market prices. In 1877, with Mr. Wm. Dunn, the firm of Ruffner & Dunn was established for 
the manufacture of tube cleaners. In 1883. on the admission to partnership of Mr. G. S. Bolton, the firm name became Ruffner, Dunn & 
Co.. for the manufacture of nut locks. In 1890 Mr. Bolton retiring, the firm style again became Ruffner <S Dunn. The. plant owned by 
Mi Ruffner. is comprised in buildings and grounds 100x130 feet in dimensions, and the place is equipped with the mostimproved machinery, 
while employment is given to about twenty-five workmen. The works are in charge of Mr. Dunn, who is a skilled practical mechanic. He 
was born abroad, but has long resided in this city. The firm are patentees and sole manufacturers of the Excelsior Steel Tube cleaners and 
the Excelsior Single and Double Automatic Nut Locks or Fish Tlate Springs. These inventions are the bet-t, for the purposes for which 
they were devised, now to be found in the market, and they are in demand in all parts of the country. Illustrated circulars, giving full 
details, are sent free on application. 

B. STANGER & BROS . Furnishing Undertakers. No. 4316 Frankford Avenue.— One of the oldest established furnishing 
undertakers in Frankford is the responsible firm of J. B. Stanger & Bros., located at No. 1346 Frankford Avenue, who are 
well known for promptitude in the fulfilment of all orders, and for making fair and reasonable charges. The business 
was founded in 1857 by Mr. Jacob S. Stanger, who was succeeded in 1887 by his three sons, the present proprietors. Mr 
> John B Stanger. Mr. Adam C. Stanger and Mr. Joseph A. Stanger; the latter having graduated in 1891 at the United 
States School of Embalming, and being a member of the Undertakers' Association. The firm manufacture their own 
caskets, coffins, etc., and supply everything appertaining to a funeral, including the hearses, carriages, coffins, caskets, palls and sundi ies, 
from the plainest to the most elaborate; while they also undertake embalming by the latest, approved scientific methods, as well as all the 

duti es and preliminaries incidental to interment. The premises utilized have been upied since 1857. and are the firm's own property 

They comprise a finely furnished office, wareroom, and a fully equipped two story building in the rear used as shop. The three proprie- 
tors, who are natives of ilns city, are thoroughly practical in this line, and were brought up to the business. They all take active part in 
the fulfilment of orders, and employ three competent assistants besides. 

!. KELLY, Carriage Builder, No 4625 Main Street, Germantown.— The largest and hest equipped carriage factory in tier 
mantown is that of Mr. J. < '. Kelly The operations of the house are confined exclusively to the highest grade of work, 
.and the prices range from $350 for a road wagon, and finer vehicles in proportion. Nevertheless, in view of the quality of 
the work turned out, these charges are eminently fair and reasonable, and each customer may be sure of receiving a sub- 
stantial quid pi o quo for the amount paid, for the work turned out from first to last materially upholds the old saying 
that "the best is the cheapest ." The materials selected are chosen with the utmost care from the finest the market affords, 
every consideration being had for durability and lightness combined with strength, while the carriages, etc., are made by only experienced 
bands upon the most approved principles of construction. This important and progressive enterprise was established in 1872 by Messrs 
Weirman ,S Kellv and in 1885 it came uuder the sole control of the present proprietor, who possesses a practical experience in the trade 
dating back to 1859. The experienced proprietor, Mr. J, C. Kelly, was born in Ireland, but bas been in the United States since infancy. 




I ! I 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 





jEO] U R ■ ■ i I Spool Manufacturer No 1543 Wakefield Street, Germantown For close upon naif a century, 

George Redles. the well-known bobbin and spool manufacturer No 1543 Wakefield Stree has been in business at the pres- 

cni local ion He com need as achairmaker in 1845, and in 1 rked in the branch of industry in which he IsJaow 

He is the oldest in this line in the city and has a in ■ trade He turns out a very superior class of work and his 

productions are in widespread and growing demand, sending bobbins and B] Is all over the countrj Mr, Kedles, who is a 

gentleman of full middle a I rn in Straw berry Alley, Phil., in 1821, s ol Germantown s oldest an i best-known 

residents. He is a man of thorough practical skill, as well as long and | rienci actii i retic, and gives close personal 

attention to even detail ol the business His factory is a 80 x 100 feet two-story building and is equipped with steam-power, latest improved 

machinery . etc., while a dozen or 11101% in help are employed here. Bobbins and spools of ei erj descri] 1 are manufactured and made to 

urder bj Mr Redles Stock h . . shin and drawer boards are made to order likewise at short notice and satisfaction is assured. Every artw le 
leavjns this establishment 1 warranted as to make and material, while the prices charged are of the mosl reasonable character and all 
■ i !■ iv. ■ immediate attenl 

■ AUi 11. Ki ETSCHLIN & CO ^Successors to Bauch, Hawlk & Co.,) Wholesale Qrocera and Flour and Tea Dealers, No 

North Third Street. Few among Philadelphia's wholesale grocery firms are mon widely 01 1 ■ favorably known than 

thai "i" Ranch, Ruetschlin .v Co . No. wl North Third Street. This is one of the mosl prosperous houses in the line indii ated 
in the city, and its trade, w hich is vei*3 large, extends throughout Pennsylvania, Delaware, Man land, District of Columbia 
and the adjoining States, An immense quantity of flour is handled, the firm being millers 1 agents, and shipments of the latter 
in car lots are made to all parts of the country. This popular and reliable house was established in 1881 bj Kline, Hawlk & 
Rauch, who wen- succeeded i>.\ Rauch, Hawlk & Co., the present firm-name being adopted about two years ago The] occupy the whole ol 
125 feel five-storj building with complete facilities, and employ a large si a IV mi the premises, while five salesmen are kept on the road. 

\ Ihm instantly kept on hand, and includes fine teas and coffees, pure Bpices, sj raps, lasses, sugar, rice, dried fruit, can 1 

foods at 'I ■■' tie di Ik v ie choic tter. cheese, prime lard, hams, bacon, etc besl brands oi family flour, the 1 se being sole agents for 

White, Gold and Imp. -rial brands nf flour, oatmeal, corn meal, barley, beans, peas, salt, vinegar, oils, soda, saleratus, baking powder, soaps, 
starch and everj thing in staple and fancj groceries. All orders by telephone, (No 2442) mail or otherwise are filled in the mosl prompl and 
trustworthy ma nun-, quality and quantity being guaranteed, and the prices quoted are invariably the lowest, the trad.- being supplied on the 
mosl favorable terms. Messrs. Samuel Rauch, II Ruetschlin and H. W. Dorward, who compose the firm, are gentlemen in the prime of 
life and natives of this city. Thej are all men of energy and enterprise and of thorough business experience, well-known in the trade. 

|EO W. kk \A,]\ nd Granite Works. Opposite Ridge Avenue Depot. One of the mosl noteworthy marble and granite 

works in Philadelphia is that of Mr. Geo, W. Kelley, situated at the junction of Ridge and Susquehanna Avenues, opposite the 
Ridge V.vi mi.' Depot, and which is well supplied with everj appliance necessary for the business. Mr. Kelley lias had a long 
experience as a marble and granite cutter, and is consequently thoroughly conversant with everj detail of the business, 

while he enjoys a reputation for first-class work at reasonable prices, second to 1 ther in the city. In 1S7^» he began busi. 

ness on Kighth Street and removed to his present location in 1880, since acquit ing a large and most desirable trade. The 
works and yard cover an area oi two acres, and are equipped in the mosl complete manner, a heavy stock of superior marble and granite 
is carried, a is., of house trimmings of all kinds in stone. Specialties are made of all kinds of building, monumental and cemetery work, and 
marble granite and brownstone work in general; statuary, slabs, railings, headstones, footstones, etc., which is promptly done and in the 
besl manner. Mr, Kelley has gained a substantial reputation for his skill in the product ion of monuments, tablets and memorials and has 

eieeied many of the liner and re artistic specimens which are to be seen in the cemeteries of Philadelphia. The trade is extensive and 

increases with each cut rent year. 





WEN D ROBERTS, Real Estate tfo -.'ti South Fifth Street I 1 the successful real estate men in Philadelphia is Mr. 

Owen l» Roberts, of No 241 South Fifth Street, real estate agent broker and convej ancer. Mr. Roberts started in tins busi 
ness five years ago and bj ins ability and his thorough knowledge of the profession soon gained a good share oi business in the 
profession, He has a large local business and bandies all kinds of real estate, attending to all branches of the business, 
He is a native of Philadelphia and though a young man has already shown himself the possessor of more than ordinary 
ability 

JRMANTOWN WOOLEN MILLS. Chas H. Topham, Proprietor, Manufacturer of Woolaud Merino Shoddies, Wool Scouring, 
Willowing, Etc., Cornet ol Ash mead and Wakefield Streets, Germantown. The Germantown Woolen Mills, Chas H. Top- 
i, mm. proprietor ■•. .rncr of Ashmead and Wakefield streets, is one of the most complete and best equipped concerns of the 
kind in Philadelphia The facilities are first-class in every respeel and the products command extensive sale throughout the 

United states. Mr, Topham manufactures wool and merino shoddies of a very superior quality and ins g Is are not only 

in v. idespread, but growing demand, owing to the uniformly high standard of excellence at which the same arc main tamed 
Wool scouring, willowing, etc are attended to here also in the most excellenl manner at short notice, and perfect satisfaction is assured, all 
orders for the trade receiving immediate attention. The mill Isa45x 100 feet two-storj structure, with ample steam-power and 
improved machinery, etc . and twenty five in help are employed The products include everything in the hue above Indicated, and a large 

to 1 of wool and merino shoddies is 1 stantlj kept on hand to meel the requirements ol a steadj and incn asing demand. Mr Topham, 

the proprii b len an ol ibout thirty live, born in Germantown. He is a man of practical skill and thorough experience, and \g 

fully ci rith the wants of the trade He established this flourishing business ibout seven pears ago and was formerly located at 

Wister Strei l Railroad moving t" the present place about a year ago He is assisted bj his brol I mi 1 push and 

energy . « ho is foreman ol the mill. 

BISSINGEB & SON, importers of Tailors' Trimmings, No 528 Markel Street. This business, which was established eighteen 
years ago by Mr. M. Bissinger, has steadily grown until the house ranks among the first in Philadelphia engaged in the Im- 
porting trade, and it covers a big territory, which includes the States of Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, Virginia, Delaware 
and New York Three years ago Mr. Harrj Bissinger, son ol the founder of the business, was admitted as a partner. He 
had already acquired a practical knowledge of the business, and proved himself a capable business man The firm occupy 

the s. 1 iT-th Boors, each 20s 11" feet, at No. 528 Market street, where thej alwaj - earn a nplete line of tailors 1 

trimmings. They make a specialty of the finest Imported goods, and imporl many of their goods direct Thej have a sped lI at ran 
with somi ol the leading louses on the other side by which they arc enabled to secure the Bret Importations of manj ol the leading fashion- 
P el ties and they are always prepared to furnish the latest styles En trimmings from London or Paris For eighteen years this rellabU 
housi be been a leader in it pecial line, and n is to-day bettet equipped than ever to Bupply t'"' demands of an exacting trade. Two travel 
ing salesmen are in the employ ol the house. Both the members ol the flrm are natives and residents ol Philadelphia. 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA , 



U5 




|ERMANTOWN REAL ESTATE, DEPOSIT AND TRUST COMPANY, Corner Main Street and < Molten Avenue; Chestnut 
Hill Office, i tpposite Pennsylvania Railroad Station.- This company was duly incorporated in 1NH9, and from its inception 
has secured the endorsement of all classes, and become a favorite place of deposit for large as well as small sums. It has 
a capital ol $300,000, full paid, and is officered as follows: President, Samuel Mason; Secretary and Treasurer, Samuel G 
Jones; Real Estate and Trust Officer, Jay Gates; Directors. Henry L. Davis. Frank J. Firth, Win. G. Foulke, Philip C. Garrett. 
Chas. F. Gummey, Samuel Mason, John B. Morgan, Win H. Scott, Joseph M. Shoemaker; Advisory Committee of Stockhold- 
ers, Samuel Emlen, Josiah F. Jon^s, Calvin Pardee, Francis B. Reeves, Beuj. H. Shoemaker, Wm. G. "Warden, Wm. H. Haines, R C. Mc- 

Murtrie. The banking rooms of the < pany are eligibly located in their own building, corner Main Street and Chelten Avenue, Germantow n, 

and every possible facility is afforded for the prompt and safe transaction of business. This company receives deposits on the most favor- 
able terms, paying interest at the rate of two per cent per annum upon deposits subject to check at sight, and three percent upon deposits 
thai are made payable on two weeks 1 notice. Special deposits of large amounts are received for stated periods of time, for which the com- 
pany issues its certificate of -deposit, Collections are promptly made on all available points, and money is loaned on approved collateral. 
Safes in fire and burglar proof vaults are rented from $5 to 830 per annum, and a storage vault is also provided, which is specially adapted 
or the safe keeping of trunks or boxes containing silver plate, jewelry or other valuables. Bonds, certificates of stock and other valuable 
papers received for safe keeping at a moderate charge. This company also accepts trusts of every description by appointment of court or 
Otherwise, acting as executor, administrator, guardian, receiver, committee, agent, assignee, trustee, etc. Wills are receipted for and safely 
kepi without charge. Titles to real estate are insured, giving purchasers an absolute guarantee that I lie title to the property bought is good 
and marketable. Deeds, mortgages, agreements, bonds and all other legal papers are carefully prepared. Sales of realty are negotiated. 

money is advanced to builders, n hanics' liens are insured against, house- are rented, and rents, interest and income are collected and 

promptly remitted. Money is safely invested, and can be drawn on brief notice. If allowed to remain it earns a handsome rate of interest. 




AYLOR FAUNCE, Auditor and Public Accountant, No. 707 Drexel Building.— The rapid growth of the enormous corporations 
and large firms with their increasing complexity of accounts and transactions render it absolutely necessary for such con- 
cerns to avail themselves of the abilities of the trained public accountant, in order to keep proper track of their business, 
of their profits and losses, and to avoid the ever present danger of defalcations by trusted employees. In this connection 
we desire to direct, special attention to Mr. Taylor Faunce, of the Drexel Building, who, as an auditor and public accountant, 
has won a well deserved reputation throughout our leading financial and public circles by his undoubted ability and thor- 
oughness of work in the handling of accounts. He is a native of Philadelphia, where he has served a lengthy apprenticeship— extending 
over sixteen years, in almost every branch of mercantile and financial business, as clerk, bookkeeper, secretary, etc., which has given him 
a wide range of experience that fully fits him for his present duties. In January, 1892, Mr. Faunce opened his present office, and is pre- 
pared to undertake special auditing, examinations and investigations of all descriptions of accounts, and of the most difficult sets of books. 
He has already executed important commissions for leading concerns in the most eminently sat isfactory manner. He devotes most patient 
care to unravelling entangled accounts, rectifying errors and securing to companies and firms a balance sheet which shows just where 
they stand or whether they have made or lost during the preceding year. Mr. Faunce can be relied upon to promptly execute all orders, 
and is |noreover a gentleman of sterling integrity and soundest judgment; one in whom every confidence can he reposed, no matter how 
onerous or extensive the trust. Mr. Faunce has had fourteen years' experience asabauk clerk with the national banks of Philadelphia, 
viz., The Union, Mechanics', Northern Liberties and Northern National. lie was appointed by the Court of Common Pleas in January, 1891, 
as examiner of savings banks for Philadelphia County, in association with J. Quincy Hunsicker. The office was abolished at the lasl 
session of the Legislature, by the passage of a bill creating the office of Superintendent of Banking. For a short term Mr. Faunce assisted 
the Bank Examiner of the District of Philadelphia. He also examined on behalf of District Attorney and Committee on Insolvent Institu- 
tions, the Shackamaxon Bank, Bank of America, American Life Insurance < 'ompany, was chain nan of committee of investigation ol Ihe 
city treasurer's accounts; and was employed by the United States Treasury Department in the Keystone Bank examination until it was 
discontinued, owing to the appropriation running out. 




W. LEYPOLDT, Manufacturer of Scarificators, Spring Lancets and Patent Button Hole Cutters, No. 243 North Fifth 
Street. — The gentleman whose name heads this sketch enjoys the distinction of being the only manufacturer of scarificat- 
ors in the United States. He also manufactures spring lancets, patent button hole cutters, press tools, special tools, and 
specialties: also executing repairs, etc., and his establishment is the oldest in this line in the country. His productions, 
too, are of a distinctly superior character, and are in widespread demand, being sold to the trade all over the country. 
This business was established in 1847 by F. C. Leypoldt, who was succeeded in 1889 by his son, Frederick W., the present 
proprietor, who has since conducted it with uninterrupted success. The factory, at No. 243 North Fifth Street, is commodious and well 
equipped, and several expert workmen are employed here. The scarificators and spring lancets manufactured in this shop are made in 
various styles and designs, and every one is fully warranted as to workmanship and material. Scarificators are made to order on agree- 
ment at short notice and In the most superior manner, perfect satisfaction being assured. F. C. Leypoldt's patent button hole cutter is 
also a device of exceptional merit, and is adapted for tailors, shoe, dress and shirt makers, and for family use. This instrument, which has 
been on the market for over twenty-six years, cuts the lightest, and heaviest fabrics, and is conceded to be, in all respects, the most excel- 
lent button hole cutter ever invented. A full stock is constantly kept on hand, and all orders receive prompt and personal attention. The 
trade is supplied on the most favorable terms, and the very lowest possible prices are quoted. Mr. Leypoldt, is a man of practical skill and 
ingenuity, arid is an expert in his line. He is well and favorably known in social life as well as in business circles, and is a prominent mem- 
ber of the I. O. O. F. (encampment ), the Knights of the Golden Eagle, and other societies. 




jjILLIAM LOESCH, Graduate in Pharmacy, N. E. Corner Eleventh and Somerset Streets.— The pharmacy of Mr. William 
Loesch, located at the northeast corner of Eleventh and Somerset Streets, controls a liberal share of Ihe best trade here- 
abouts, conducted with private residents and medical practitioners, and it is now well known as a reliable dispensary for 
absolutely pure, fresh and potent drugs, chemicals, medicines and family remedies. The business was established in 1884 
by 3Ir. T. A. Walker, and in 1891 it came into the bands of the present proprietor, who is ;\ graduate of the Philadelphia 
College of Pharmacy (1S90) and is a member of its Alumni Association. A large number of proprietary articles are 
made and put up on the premises, the specialties are Loesch's Liver Granules, Loesch's Plasters, Loesch's Tooth Wash, Loesch's My 
drobromate of Caffeine, Loesch's Neuralgia and Headache Powder, Loesch's Worm Syrup, Loesch's Worm Lozenges, Loesch's Worm 
Powders; Loesch's Laxative Fig Syrup, Loesch's Soothing Syrup, Loesch's Bronchial Lozenges. Loesch's Sarsaparilla. and the trade for 
these reaches all over the city. In addition, particular care and attention are devoted to the preparation of physicians' prescriptions and 
miscellaneous recipes, and the finest drugs are alone used. The store, 18x30 feet in area, occupying a prominent corner position, is finely 
fiurnished and contains a large and carefully selected ass. irtment of pure drugs, confections, cigars, perfumes, toilet, articles, and everything 
usually to be found in a first class drug and prescription store Mr. Wm. Loesch is a young man of Philadelphia birth, and ts a member of 
the Independent Order of Kdd Fellows, and other leading societies 






HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 




F. TAYLOR & Ct '-. Lumber and Millwork, Broad Street, above Lehigh a vim.- One of I ' ! oldest aud leading 

lumber firms is that ol B F. Taylor £ Co., n hose office,} ird etc are located on Broad Street, above Lehigh Avenue. The 
concern has been in existence for close upon half a centurj and lias passed througli three successive generations ol the 

niiily. Tli is flourishing business was established En 1845 bj I • B [Taylor & Co who was^sucoeeded^ ii 
Taylor ■ i The latter conducted it alone up to i s - : ;. when be admitted into partnership his son, l W, Taylor, and 

under the firm-name thai bead this sketch it has since been continued with uninterrupted success, although the senior mem- 
ber was removed by death in 1892. The business premises were formerly Located al No. 1041 North Delaware Avenue, and were i 
to the] e in 1888 The yard bereis 100 a area and is convei ientlj situated, the rear being on the line ol tn Pa \- R 

Supplies come direct from ;iil the lumber regions of the .-..tin try, and an Immense stock is constantly kepi on hand. This includes rou 

. lumber of every variety, bard « is. sash, doors and blinds, door and window frames, moldings, posts, pickets, shingles, lath and 

everything in builders 1 supplies; a Is., best grad< ol Lehigh and other coa ind family us.-. Sixteen to eighteen In hi 

employed, and nine teams are in regular service, an exceedingly large trade being done AH orders, wholesale and retail, are promptly 
at tended to, and the prices quoted ■■> the Arm are the verj lowesl consistent with quality and quantity purchased, substantial inducements 

offered to builders, contractors and \-ai\z sinners. Mr. l-\ W, Taj lor, who is now sole proprietor, is a gentleman in the prime of 

ive of tins -it\ He is a young man of energy and excellent business ability, as well as thorough experience, and is a member 
of the Lumbermen's I 




i Gl tLDNER, Mar-] niie and Boiler Works and Blacksmithing, Tasker Street Wharf For thorough I \ e\ce]|eni all around 
v, ork in machine and boiler construction and blacksmithing, or for promptness and reliability in executing orders, none En 
the line indicated in thiscitj enjoy a better reputation than Henry Gtoldner, whose shop is on Tasker Street Wharf, He bas 
been established a1 the present location since 1885, and has acquired an extensive patronage. His works, which were rebuilt 
by him in 1889, are spacious, commodious and perfectly equipped, t be facilities being first-class in everj respect The c m- 
cern is provided with ample steam power, the latest improved lathes, shears, punehes, \ is.-s. ,-t,-. and thirty-one skilled hands 
are here employed. Mr, I loldner, whose trade extends throughout Pennsylvania, New Jersey. Delaware and the adjoining states, is a gentle 

man of middle age and a I'hiladelphian hy birth. He is an expert boiler-maker and general raecl ic, of manj years' experience, a thorough 

master of his art in all its branches, and prior to going into business for him sell had been employed h\ the Messrs. Cramp, the shipbuilders, 
for a number of 3 ears He is prepared to furnish estimates on anything in ids line, upon application, and guarantees perfect satisfaction, 

while his prices are most reasonable, Machinery and boilers for all purposes are built to order, at short notice, and tank and si 1 iron 

work generally is done in the mosl prompt and superior manner, steamship and boiler repairs are a specialty . while blacksmithin 
jobbing of every description are executed with skill and dispatch, all orders receiving immediate attention 




|< »Xs a U. BROS., < lonveyancers. No. ih> North Ninth Street.— It is but rendering a just tribute to accord to the firm of Messrs, 
i '.01 1 sail Bros., of No. 116 North Ninth street. Philadelphia, the < -red it and distinction of being the leading and the oldest I 
of its class in the vicinity. The business was established in theyear I857bj Messrs. Ellwood and Sterling B h latter 

gentleman died in 1880, leaving the existing conditions. The business is that ol conveyancers, the house 

pei itions of tin i--.ru embrace the purchase and - Lie upon commission of ree 

mortgages and ground rents, the loaning either in the capacity of parties or as agents sums of monej upon m 

realty; the making or valuations of property . real and personal, and the undertaking of the custody oi estates and the collect 

and interest. An important department of the business comprises the investment of moneys for persons upon all cla 

serum ies as ground rents, etc., and the house is identified with several of the prominent trust companies ol the city. These gentl m 

from an old and distinguished familj thai came from Derbyshire, England, In 1688, and the family nave all been residents of this state since. 
The grandfather of Mr. f 11 wood Bonsall, Mr. Edward Bonsall, was the first man in Philadelphia to enter into the business of conveyancing, 
which he did in ITi I, the family having f< allowed the business ever si nee He was also a land sun eyor in this city and was prominenl in his 
day in both those fields of industry. The management of the business evinces a creditable example of systematic harmonj and prec a 'ii and 

the office hours of the concern are from 9 a. h. to 3 p. h. The propriet >rs of the business are Mr. Ellwood Bonsall a ■■■ ntli mi 1 middle 

age and his son, Mr. Ellu i W Bonsall, They are among the ablest and mosl respected of the city's businessmen and Mr. EUw I Bonsai 



■ pn 



ident of the Philadelphia Conveyancers 1 Association. 




M. MacNEECE. Manufacturer of &.rl Furniture, Antique Work a Specialty. No. U'J3 Locust street.— Prominent among the 
hi ,11 . bouses of enterprise and refinement in the city of Philadelphia, successfully engaged in the manufacture of art furni- 
ture, and in the reprodneti f antique work, stands thai of Mr. Wm. MacNeece, located at No. 928 Locu I Street This 

gent ieman established his business here in 1886, bringing to hear a practical experience of forty years in this line, coupled 
with a perfect knowledge of the growing wants and requirements of the times He occupies spacious and commodious 
premises, supplied with improved machinery and ample steam-power, and gives steady employment to a large force oi 
skilled He manufactures a general line of art furniture to order, much of which is made from the rarest of wood 

mahogany, cherry, American and English oak, French walnut, ebony and rosefl 1, which, from tl 1 richness of color always 

finish. Antique furniture, making a specialty In artistic clock eases and antique chairs, clocks and othei kind 
1 ■■ also furnished at short notice, and the house is liberally patronized 03 the elite of this city and vicinity when in search oi thi 

.rare, and the unique. 

I OHN W. HEPWORTH & CO turers of Knitting Machinery Lehigh Avenue and Maschei street In the domain of 

the mechanical arts there is perhaps no line in which more progress has been mad.' of late years than in the consti net ion of 
textile machinery, and these remarks apply in an especial manner to knitting machines, in winch a de cellence 

akin to perfection has been attained. Some of our Philadelphia firms engaged in the branch of industry above indicated 
have a world-wide reputation, and among^these ma] be nami d John v7. Hepworth & C ■ , whose shop I 
Avenue and Ma 1 ! knitting in i Inctlj superi I their 

productions are not only in extei ill >vei the United States, Canada and Mexico but also in South \<i have 

been established it i were formei ly located 01 1 ma I n Vvei 1 pri em place about seven yeai 

premisi team-p I all the latest Impn ived ap| I 

while twenty live to I productions include small and large Balmoral machine: ai 

machinery ai es for knitting mills. Knil - are buill tn order and also repaired by this firm in the most su peril ■• 

ner at assured, while 1 he mosl rea 

he concern, is 1 id a native of this city. Re is a practical 11 ■ 

is] and (i ind exercises close personal n overall work executed in his establishment 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



n; 




ICHANTS 1 TRUST COMPANY, Nos. 611 and BIS Chestnut Street.— The Merchants 1 Trust Company, a1 Nos. 611 and 613 
( Ihestnut Street, is unquestionably one of the conservative financial corporations of Philadelphia, and exercises a most bene- 
ficial influence in its important sphere of operations. It was incorporated in 1889, with a capital of $500,000.00, and is 
officered as follows, viz.: President, Joseph K. Rhoads; vice-president, John F. Lewis; secretary anil treasurer, Robert 
MornsEarly; trust officer, Wm. B. Lane. Directors: Nicholas Brice, Howard Butcher. A. Graham Elliot, Thomas R. Gil] 
Thomas A. Gummey. Charles S. Hindi man. Spencer M. Januey, John F. Lewis. John 1 1. Love, John Lucas. S Davis Page, 
Joseph R. Rhoads, Edward S. Say res, E. Cooper Shapley, J. Bolton Winpenny. The company thus has the benefit of the soundest, mosl 
conservative management, and has enjoyed from the outset a large and growing patronage. It executes trusts, receives deposits, rents 
safes, insures titles, acts as registrar, issues searches, makes loans, collects income and becomes surety. Its charter gives it special powers 
to act as executor, guardian, trustee, or in any other fiduciary capacity; it is a legal depository for money paid into court, and a designated 
depository for the funds of those acting as executors, trustees, guardians, receivers, etc. Tt acts as registrar or transfer agent of stocks and 
bonds, and as trustee for railroad and other corporation mortgages. The company's safe deposit vaults are absolutely fire and burglar 
proof, and are guarded night and day by watchmen under the supervision of the American District Telegraph Company. Boxes are rented 
therein at moderate prices, also safes of various sizes. The company transacts a general banking business, receiving deposits subject to 
check and allowing interest at two per cent on daily balances; while it also has a well-patronized savings fund department, which is open 
from !» a. m. to 4 p. m., and where deposits are received from $1.00 up to any amount, payable on ten days' notice and with interest at three 
per cent. In all its departments, this company offers perfected facilities to the public. Its assets are of a secure and remunerative char- 
acter, and it is unquestionably a model institution, well meriting the large measure of trust and confidence it has inspired. 





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fill 111 I IB 





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Fairmount Water Works. 




LLIAM A. FLANAGAN, Dealer in Wool, Hair. Wool Waste, Woolen Rags, Etc., No. 106 North Front Street.— Few among the 
many substantial merchants engaged in the wholesale handling of wool, hair, waste, ete, in tins rity.are more widely or 
more favorably known than William A. Flanagan, whose office and warehouse are at No. 106 North Front Street. He has 
been established about fifteen years and has built up an extensive trade throughout Pennsylvania, New Jersey. New York 
and New England. Mr. Flanagan is a gentleman in the prime of life and is a native of Philadelphia. He is a man of thor- 
ough experience in this line, as well as of energy and enterprise, and prior to going into business on his own account had 
iam Johnston, shoddy manufacturer, for a number of years. He occupies four spacious floors and employs an efficient staff 
Mr. Flanagan is a general dealer in foreign and domestic wool, hair, cotton waste, woolen rags, shoddies, etc.. and carries a 
very large and complete stock. He can fill orders for anything in the line indicated upon the most favorable terms, and relations once 
formed with him are reasonably certain of leading to an enduring business connection. All orders are attended to in the most expeditions 
and trustworthy manner, and communications by telephone (No. (67) will receive prompt response. 



been with Wi 
of assistants. 






HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL !' 1 1 I I. A I > E L P H I A . 





I.I. \['l. AIM ,\ CO., Hatters' G Is, No 19 North Third Street, A prom ill and noteworthy Philadelphia linn engaged In 

the wholesale handling of hatters' g Is is thai of Delaplaine & < !o., No. 10 North Third Street. The house is a leading and 

representative and has alarge trade which extends south as far as New Orleans and wesl to California. They sell 

extensivel] i" hatters in this city, New Jersey and I lonnecticut, the total annual sales reaching quite a handsome figure . The 
business was established in 1875 by Sherman & Delaplaine, who conducted the same up to about a year and a half ago, when 

it passed into control of the present firm. Ii has sinci i led with eminent Buccess and all the indications are that the 

■ rity of the 1 1" i is-- is bound to endure and inn, -as,- under the efficient management of Mr. Delaplaine, who lias !„■<■ nnected w itli the 

!.■ for iikiiis years, ol extended business experience, is well up in the needs of the trade, and well known personally throughout the 

I oited States. He is a New Yorker b] birth The quarters upied as office and salesrooms are compact and well ordered Imported g is 

only are handled, an, I a full and fine stock is tstanth; kept on hand, including a general assortment of hatters' specialties. All orders are 

attended to in the mosl prompt and reliable manner, and the most liberal inducements are offered to manufacturers, bottom prices being 
quoted, while ever] article sold is warranted 

| iJtMERS' NEW hay MARKET HOTEL, Jos. M .1 s, Proprietor, Jack Richardson, Superintendent, Phil. Dilllng, Bi 

Stableman, Twelfth and Cambria Streets.— The Farmers' New Hay Market Hotel, Twelfth and Cambria Streets, was first 
opened to the public January 9, 1890, by David Campbell, and in July of the same year came into control of Jos. M Jones, the 
present proprietor, under w hose efficient management ii has since been conducted with uninterrupted success. This Is in all 

re pects a well-kept and an excellent hostelry, and r lives a substantia] patronage. It is conveniently located, and is fitted 

up in the bestmai r, and the businessof the house affords evidence of steady and gratifying increase, it is a favorite 

resort for farmers, and has first-class ac< imodations for the traveling public. The hotel building is a 50 x 100 feet three-story brick struct- 
ure, and contains seventy five rooms. Ii is finelj furnished throughout, is lighted bj the electric system and is thoroughly heated. The house 

isperfecthj ventilated, too, the sanitary arrangements being exceptionally g I,andthebesl stabling is provided for 225 horses The yard 

which is paved, covers three acres of gr id, and there are in connection three capacious hay shells, with weighing Bcales, etc Mi 

Richardson, formerly of the Old Hay Market, is superintendent of this establishment, and Mi Phil. Dilling is the boss stableman. The 

sleeping apartments are cot nn mil ions, airy and comfortable, the fare is tip-top, and the service is all that Id be desired. Twenty-five In 

help are employed, there is an excellent cafe" and reading-room in coi ztion, and the bar is stocked with the finest brands of w tnes, Liquors, 

, ins. The rates are certainly very reasonable, everything considered, the terms being $1.00 to $1.50 per day, and. altogether 

it would not be easy to find such accomi lations, comfort and attention at the same figures as are provided for his guests by mine host of 

the Farmers' New Hay Market Hotel Mr. Jones is a gentleman of middle age and was born in Montgomery County, Pa He is a n 

i mi g i business qualities, untiring in liis attention to his patrons, and all the Indications are that Ins popularity and prosperity are 

bound i" endure and increase, 

IeKIEFFER A CANNING, Importers and Jobbers of Drugsand Druggists' Specialties, Southeast Corner Twenty-second and 

.Market Streets, Philadelphia is prominent as the u home of pharmacy,'* and the term is well applied not only on 
account of iis many est a I, I isl mien is, hut also because of the superior qualifications "I" those who are engaged In thebusi- 

i \ leading importing and jobbing house in this line is that of Messrs DeKieffer A Canning, located at 

the southeast corner of Twenty-second and Market Streets. Tins firm are extensive manufacturers of standard proprie 
lat-y remedies, importers of drugs and druggists' specialties, manufacturers in paints, oils, varnishes and glass. The business 
«ras founded some fifty years ago, by John W. Simes, and in 1891 the present firm succeeded to the control, bringing to hear every qualifica- 
tion as ni.iniii i, no in. pharmacists and expert business men. The building occupied contains four Boors and a basei i. 20 \ 110 feel each. 

supplied with a well-equipped laboratory and all modern conveniences for the business, and stead] employment is given to some twenty 

skilled and ex per i assistants. This lit iii bi lievi that honest - Is and reliable formulas, faithfully followed, soon obtain recognition and 

appreciation from a conscientious and discriminating profession. They recognize in the retail druggist himself their most seriou ic peti 

tor. and invite from them a scrutiny ol prices, formulas and output, convinced thai the verdict will he thai the tirnl can serve them with 

mutual profit ind sati, taction. The InMiif- i- conducted at both wholesale and retail, and g Is are -cut to all parts of He' I Oited Slate, 

Physicians' prescriptions and doctors' orders are promptly filled, while the slock here carried includes everything in demand bj the live 

retail druggist lie Copartners, Messrs. utt,, DeKieffer and .lames M. (.'aiming, are native riiiladelplnalis. The former is a graduate of the 

Philadelphia College of Pharmacj while Mr, Canning devotes Ins entire time and attention to the paint and varnish department. Thej are 

subscribers ti the Bourse, and accomplished pharmacists and enterprising, progressive and resi sible business men, who are winning a 

grand it lonestlj deserving it. This firm have added extensivelj totheir paint manufacturing plant by the introduction ol new 

machiner] ami latest appliances and are now better able than ever to cater to the wants of their patrons in their specialties , line , ,,i, 
■ Li, colors, w 1 fillers, etc. 

A. FURBUSH & Si in MACHINE rn.. No. 224 Market street. -There are certain - el' rprises carried on in Philadelphia 

which cannot i. i. i:,: ndary importance to tl iitiiiucd growth and prosperity of LhlSCity man in i 

,,r commerieal sense, and. among the number, thai conducted by i he M. A. Furbush a s,,:i Machine I o a, makers of wool 

and worsted machinery of everj description, at No. 224 Market Street, • imands our attention at this time. The business 

was ori ii illy . i tabl i in 1859, by Mr. M. A. Furbush, who was si >eded in 1860 bj Messrs. M. \ Furbush a Son, and in 

iss;; ti,,, pre ,i,i c pany was incorporated, under the laws ,,i the State of New Jersey, with a capital of $200,000, and with 

Mr. M a Furbush, ] I nl Vftei along and I honorably su ssmi bus ss career, Mr. Furbush died in 1887, since which time his 

place iii, i »i'u ably filled by Mr. Charles ii. Know lion, wl a jreal manj years has I n superintendent of the shops at Twelfth and 

M .,,!., : , imden, N..I.. where ti pai y employs from 800to I killed workmen, in 1892, Mr. M. A. Furbush, the younger son 

of the founder ol the business, became treasurer of the i pany, and Mr. Edwin C. Orlce, who for man] years has been connected with the 

cted sccretarj Paying close and undivided attent tot! icellence of their productions rather than to the 

amount of -ales or monetary returns, their tr.vde has steadily enlarged until they have reached a preeminence in their industry of winch 

they have everyreason to be proud Endowed with a genius for invention, and an ambition to excel, tl Steers of the company have 

ed themselves with ardor to the production of a class of machinery which should no) only vie in excellence with both domestic and 

i , •„ productions, but should, when once introduced, be preferred to ah other make- That they have succeeded in their laudable endeavor 

then is no longer any doubt, as the superiority they have attained is such as to have created a permanent and constantly increasing demand 
for machinery ol their manufacture, and the businessof thecompanj now extends to all parts of the United States, Canada and M 

reatest success of th ipany has been at* I by the manufacturi ol the Murkiand ingrain i i, of which the] have the 

exclusive control and ha i They cany a lat oplete stock i and are prepared to fill all 

promptly an Ices winch are invariably satisfactory to buyers, and their long reputation for excelle i together with 

test integrity which has ,.„•,■ t ,, followed out as established by the founder, recommends the company to consideration by any one 

interested in the textile Industry. 





HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



14<t 




JRANKFORD REAL ESTATE AND SAFE DEPOSIT COMPANY, No. 4344 Frankford Avenue. The Frankford h>al Estate 
and Safe Deposit Company commenced business on the 11th of February, 1888, and has since made rapid and substantial 
progress. It combines a general banking business with departments devoted to real estate transactions. Its business in 
each of these departments is now larger than ever before, indicating the increasing confidence reposed in it by the general 
public. It receives accounts, both large and small, active or otherwise, and allows interest at the rate of 2 per cent on 
check account and 3 per cent on saving fund account. It loans on real estate and collateral security, it handles much of 
the choicest commercial paper drawn in this section of the city, and makes collections and clearances through the Penn National and the 
Second National Banks of Philadelphia. The company has at all times a large number of desirable properties for sale, and is prepared to 
take the entire management of estates, buy and sell property of all kinds, invest money in mortgages, and to attend to all business usually 
done by trust companies. The loans of the company are all well secured, and, in addition to its paid up capital of $50,000, it has accumu- 
lated assets amounting to $198,000. The management is deservedly popular, and new accounts are being opened daily. The officers and 
directors of this company are as follows, viz. — Wilson Steady, President; John B. Lennig, Vice President; John T. Crankshaw, Secretary: 
Charles T. Holme, Treasurer; William H. Peace, Solicitor. Board of Directors : John B. Lennig, Wilson Stearly, William H. Peace, Amos 
Pennypacker, Joseph Noel, Emmett O'Neill, Harry B. Yerger, Charles B. Shier, William Horrocks, Harry F. Schlater. William B. Allen, 
E. H. Middleton, Samuel Christian. The executive officers are obliging and efficient in all their dealings, and add materially by their own 
individuality to the popularity of the company, while the Board of Directors comprise much of the solid business element of thiscommunity. 




JOHN S. PALMER, Manufacturer of Paper Boxes, No. 35 Wister Street, Germantown. — Like all other branches of manufac- 
ture, notable progress has been made in the paper box industry of late years. What with invention, improvements and sus- 
tained effort, the productions of our leading manufactures in the line indicated are almost perfection. And in this connec- 
tion special mention is due John S. Palmer, whose office and factory are at No. 35 Wister Street, who turns out a distinctly 
superior class of work. His facilities are at once ample and excellent, and bis trade, which extends throughout this vicinity, 
very large. Mr. Palmer, who is also head of the firm of John S. Palmer & Son, Hosiery Mills, 18 Wister Street, is a man of 
middle age, active and energetic, and was born in Delaware County, Pa. He started in the paper box hue about ten years ago, and from 
the first has been highly successful, his business rapidly growing. The premises occupied here comprise two spacious floors, equipped with 
full steam power, latest improved machinery, etc., and twenty to thirty in help are (employed in the establishment. Mr. Palmer manu- 
factures various styles and patterns in boxes of every size, shape, style and variety, keeping on hand always a large stock, and can turn out 
anything in this line to order, at shortest notice, while his prices are exceptionally low. The hosiery mills, which are situated at Nos. 68 to 72 
Wister Street, were established some five years since by the present proprietors, and are a perfectly equipped plant where employment is 
given to from twenty to thirty hands. The firm of John S Palmer & Son are manufacturers of hosiery of excellent quality, and their pro- 
duction in knit goods commands extensive sale throughout the country. Their capacity is 2,000 dozen per week, and their goods are in great 
demand by many of our leading houses This branch of the business is under the immediate supervision of Mr. William Palmer, eldest son 
of John S. Palmer, who brings to bear an experience of over five years in this industry. 




WALTER DOUGLASS, Patents and Patent Causes, No. 914 Walnut Street— One of the well known solicitors and counsellors 
in patent matters and causes located in Philadelphia is Mr. J. Walter Douglass, who occupies commodious and well 
equipped offices at No. 014 Walnut Street, with offices also in New York and Washington. This gentleman has been en- 
gaged in the active practice of his profession since 1885. His legal education was received under the preceptorship of the 
late Henry Baldwin, Jr.. who was widely known as an eminent solicitor and counsellor in patent matters and patent causes 
and with whom he spent ten years. His practice embraces attention to the preparation and prosecution of applications 
for letters patent in this country and all the foreign countries, the registration of trade marks and labels, the preparation of caveats and 
design patents, the reissuing of defective patents, the making of searches as to the patentabdity of unprotected inventions and as to the 
scope and validity of letters patent in litigated causes, the conducting of interferences, litigations and appeals before the Patent Office and 
courts, the negotiation of patented inventions, the formation of companies and syndicates to develop and introduce patents and inventions. 
and he is in touch h ith most of the large manufacturing and introduction companies and concerns in this country and the foreign coun- 
tries. He lias direct correspondence and business connections in all the foreign countries, and has a large international patent business. 
His fees are moderate and the inventions of persons in moderate circumstances are prosecuted upon weekly payments. His aim is to see 
that the interests of each patron are carefully guarded and intelligently promoted and protected. The crude ideas of the inventor are also 
developed in his offices and protected, as well as machinery in all its details planned out for buildings or manufacturing and introducing 
purposes. Mr. Douglass is a Philadelphian by birth, and a young man of standing in the profession and also in social circles. 

1 TfHUR E. PAIGE, Mechanical Expert, No. 714 Walnut Street. — A well known mechanical engineer, draughtsman and all- 
round expert engaged in this city, fully meriting a prominent mention in this work, is Mr. Arthur E. Paige. Mr. Paige first 
embarked in the profession here in 1882. and started practising for his own account iu 1885, since which time he has built up 
a large ami influential connection among patent attorneys, inventors and others. Mr. Paige's operations are bounded only 
by the confines of the Union. His practical experience is of a wide and diversified nature, and his acknowledged talents 
embrace a full and concise knowledge of mechanical engineering and engine and machine construction, statics, dynamics, 
drawing and designing, and a fecundity of inventive genius. A few of the chief matters he undertakes are the preparation of detailed 
drawings for the Patent Office, machine building-, ornamental designs, the rendering of valuable aid to inventors in perfecting uncompleted 
inventions, examining the practical working of mechanical patents, supervising the construction and erection of engines, machines and 
models, the reconstruction and development of mechanical devices and appliances, and a general hue of consultation relative to engineer- 
ing and machinery matters. Mr. Arthur E. Paige is a young gentleman of New Jersey birth, and came to Philadelphia in 1881. 




'i >TT PAPEK COMPANY (Limited), Paper, Nos. 25 and 27 North Sixth Street; Factory. Nos. 526 and 52S North Street.— For 
the pist quarter century the house now controlled by the Scott Paper Company (Limited) has been a valued factor in the 
development of Philadelphia's commerce. The enterprise was founded in 1867 by F. Seymour Scott & Bios. It remained 
under that management up to 1879, when the present company was orgauized and incorporated under the State laws of 
Pennsylvania, with a capital of $24,000, and the following gentlemen as officers: Chairman, E. Irwin Scott; Secretary and 
Treasurer. C. W. Scott; while Mr. John P. Ondenlonk, a capitalist of this city, is a stockholder in the concern. The Messrs. 
Scott res de al Swarthmore The company has developed a luge, first class, steadily growing trade, and now has patrons in all parts of 
the United States. Their salesroom i^ comprised in a store and basement, 24x90 feet in dimensions, and it is filled with a heavy stock of 
paper of all kinds. The company manufacture toilet paper, of which a leading specialty is made, and their mill, at Nos. 526 and 528 North 
Street, is a five story budding, 30x00 feet in dimensions. The place is equipped with first class steam power machinery, and the wire loop 
toilet paper made here includes many brands. Forty hands are employed in the city, and on the road the house is represented by sev«« 
salesmen. Orders of any magnitude are filled and shipped to any point without delay. 




15U 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




EST PHILADELPHIA BANK, [saac VV. Hughes, President, Fleming Parke, Cashier, No 3038 Markel Street.— Philadelphia 
h has for a tengthj period, one of the most desirable and profitable fields fo ■■■■ banking in the United 

States Che present prosperous era finds her leading financial insl to meet .til domain 

trade, and to handle satisfactorily the vast business thai Is offered. Representative among her banking houses 
West Philadelphia Bank, so indispensable to the citizens of thai gection ol the ity, and eligibly located al No. 8988 Market 
Street, ii was originally organized in 1857, as the West Philadelphia Savings Fund and ivas reorga iz d under Its pi 
nam.- In 1860, ii lias a paid up capital of $100,000, and fis i follows, viz.: President, Isaac W. Hughes; rice-president, Samuel 

I; cashier, Fleming Parke: directors, Isaac W. Hughes, Samuel Lloyd, B Franu Pierson,J.H. Dungan E M. Willard, The present 
building was erected 03 the bank In 1871, and is constructed of st.nn'. thoroughly fireproof, and finely finished In its interior with bard woods 

jantly appofi 1. The bank tran i l i em ral business in deposits, loans, collections and exchange, and has the accounts ol Ii 

merchants and manufacturers in this vicinity, as well as banks, bankers, corpo *ations and individuals out C town. From itslno pti< a it ha 
enjoyed the confidence of the public in the highest degree, El - founders were men who had the rare foresight to re< ibilities 

ol such an institution, and who Laid the foundation sufficiently strong and deep to bear anj superstructure th ii wealth 

builded well, and their Bucce n havi been eminently worthy of the succession, i nder lis present wise and conservative 
ement, this bank is doing a large and safe business, all its movements being marked by prudence, caution and honorable business 
enerally recognized as one of those solid, ablj -conducted institutions that reflect credit alike upon their officers and the 
community where their influence is felt Although founded upon a rock ii has each twelve mouths been raised above tin I<-\ el <>i thi 
and has a< accumulated q surplus fund of $24,728.59, with undivided profits o while its individual 

half a null hni. and its resou ate about $600,000. Us loans and discounts represenl safe and legitimate transactions in 

the best lines of commercial paper and loans on choice collateral and its capital stock is held al a high pre nn as a most desirable and 

remunerative investment, [tissues drafts, makes telegraphic transfers of uionej and collects on all points. This bank has ;i safe deposit. 

safe deposit boxes in its impregnable vaults c&n be rented al from $5 to $15 per annum, The boxes nov« numb 
and afford a to capitalists and business men. The executive officers of this haul, are gentlemen with whom it is always a 

e to do business, President Hughes is a well-known practicing physician and has filled this position since 1869, with honor and i 
The cashier, Mr. Parke, has held that responsible post since 1878, and is a financier of large experience, wide acquaintance pute. 

This bank "as originally started with others by the late Thos. \ Scott, ex-presidenl ol the Pennsj Ivauia Railroad. Ex Chief Justta Ell 
Lewis ol the Supreme Courl ol Pennsylvania was also a director for several years. 




RADWAY & .!« k'IIKK. Insurance Agents and Brokers, < >ffice, No. 186 South Fourth Street Messrs B Jocher have 

long been connected with the insurance business and are exceptionally well versed in the strong and weak points of Are 
insurance management and policy, and the firm do a large business, both as agents and brokers, Thej ■ i jents in 

thiscitj for the National Fire Insurance Company, of Hartford, Conn., and the I luardian Assurance Company, of London, Eng 
and in addition do a general brokerage business, The Guardian is noted as having the largest paid up capital ol anj company, 

.] iag .i fire business in tins mtry. Absolute protection is, therefore, guaranteed to its policy holders, while its record 

i n .u Lement of honest claims is unsuipassed. The National has a cash capital of $1,000,000, e net surplus oi $578 

on January 1, 1892, amounting to $2,904,796.80 [I is thus seen that this firm represents some sound concerns and rep- 
resents them worthily, Thej control the insuringof large line of the choicest business and residential propertyin tins city and vicinity, 
and are eminently and deservedly popular with all classes of property owners on account of their promptness, courtesy and thorough 
u'iitj The members of this firm are Messrs William L. Bradway and John C Jocher, Jr. Mr. I '■railway is a nal ive Philadelphian ami 

erwriterof thirteen years' experience, while Mr. Jocher has had an experiem t nineteen years in the insurance businessand for 

seven years "as local agent for the Girard Insurance Company . of Philadelphia. Both are members oi the Fire Underwriters' Association, 
adelphia, and authorities in their railing. 




YE & TREDICK, Manufacturers <>( Plain and Automatic Circular RibKnitting Machinery, No. m's Arch Street This firm 

established their business here in 1885, and have steadily extended its scope, and developed a trade connection of the si 

desirableand widespread character, Their patent automatic circular rib knitti ines, two feeds, are adapted for 

knitting all kinds of plain and ribbed hosiery, leggings, gaiters, etc., in ladies 1 , misses 1 and children's sizes, ,,| am gauge 
and number of needles desired. These machines aremadein the most thorough manner, both as to workmanship and 
materia] use.!. All parts are interchangeable and perfect, and perform their work automatically in even respect making 
.hi unlimited number of desirable designs in solid colors as well as in two colors, in blocks, checks and stripes. They are complete 
with automatic st >p off, and needle protector and all the latest improvements, producing from six to eight dozen pairs of hose legs per 
: patent automatic welt top cuff and shin border machines are adapted for making ribbed tops for half-hose, 
cuffs for shirts and drawers, and bottoms for plain undershirts; making the slack course for transferring, and a course near the well to 
cut "ii i'\ . also for producing plain ribbed legs for ladies', misses 1 and children's sizes in seamless hosiery, also mal i a i ndsome 
in [egging. This machine is also made in the best manner and guaranteed, and all parts are interchangeable. A one-feed well cop 

machine i luces from twenty-five to thirtj '1<>/.<-ii tops per day. Particular attention should also! ailed to their large automatic four 

and eight-feed fancy rib knitting machines, adapted for the production of ladies 1 , misses 1 , children's and infants* plain and fancy ribbed 
underwear, skirts, jackets, jerseys, caps, etc.. In various desirable designs; a is., men's ribbed underwear Thej are equally adapted 
for knitting cotton, woolen, worsted, Lisle thread or silk. These machines are made in the besl and most careful manner, and guaranteed; 

and are arranged so that broken needles, butts, shanks, etc can be taken out readirj with difficulty. All parts are interchangeable and 

perfect, having all the latest im] in this class of machinery , including slack course and stop off neei i pi proved roller 

which make only a slight tension necessary fordi *n the work automal etc, Their automatic circular sleevers two 

feeds, i" go with above mentioned machines, are complete for making sleeves for cardigan jackets, ladi< s\ children's and infants 1 

ribbed underwear, Jersey etc., also men's underwear and es, including cuffs finished with a full close welt, equal to any 

welt made, I ■ tchinery, foui I twelve feeds, built in the ime mam 

ii] i to the standard of their automatic fancj machines, being uniform with them in every respect, excepting thai thej d< I have thi auto 

mat i.- 1 ■ uent. This firm are also agents for the Keystone seamli tei i plain hosiery and footing ribbed hosier} ■ 

and al- ikes of loopers, winders, steam presses, trimmer sewing machines, button-hole macl ■-. hosiery and shirt b< 

etc., at manul The business of the firm is immense and influential throughout the l nited States, Canada, Mexico, Europe, 

Australia and South America, and their field may be said to be the world. Their main of! uesrooms,a1 No 008 i.rch Streel 

all times with new and improved macl Aiiili theii factory at Wilmington Del., gives teadj emploj ment t<> 

ed hands. Thi ind Edward Tredi res of Ke« Hampshire, endowed with the 

inventivi picaH ed and estee h* both al home and abroad. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



151 





review than that of the National 
Cherry Street, which is the only 
largest and best-equipped estab- 
company are manufacturers of patented paper 
and their products >ns command an immense sale. 
Vermont, which are the largest of the kind in the 
ties in t lie way of water-power and natural sup- 
fifteen tons of finished stock daily; this stock is 
oui the country. They manufacture everything 
in. plaques, photograph holders, cigar i i 
frames, fans, baskets, office file boxes, advertising 
all in unique and pretty designs, and these are in 
patent paper box machinery manufactured bj 
versa! assent the most ingenious, perfect and 
Their metal edge boxes, which are the Leading 
too 




|ILLIAM J. BENNERS & SONS. Wholesale Dealers and Shippersof Hard Wood Lumber, Walnut, Ash, Oak, Cherry, Hickory, 
Poplar. Etc.. Thirtieth Street, Below Walnut.— A foremost exponent of the hard wood lumber trade in this city is the house 
of William J. Benners & Sons, whose yard is located at Thirtieth Street, below Walnut The trade of this establishment 
extends all throughout Pennsylvania. New Jersey, New \< irk and Delaware, and the yearly sales amount to from 7,000,000 to 
8,000,000 feet of lumber. The business was founded twenty-six years ago by Mi-. William . I. Benners, and fifteen years ago 
he admitted to partnership his sons. Messrs. 11 II. and A. E. Benners. the present firm-name being adopted. All three are 
natives of Philadelphia and are popularly known in financial and business circles. Extensive premises are occupied at the address named, 
in a very large stock is at all times carried. The Messrs. Benners are wholesale and retail dealers in hard wood lumber, and keep on hand 
the best grades of walnut, ash. plain oak. quartered oak. cherry, chestnut, poplar, maple, plain sycamore, quartered sj camore, hickory, but- 
ternut, hazel, black birch, etc., making a leading specialty of same for interior finishing uses. They receive the entire products of a num- 
ber of Western and Southern mills and their conned ions and facilities are of so excellent a character that all oni,-rs at-.' promptly tilled at 
tin- lowest market quotations. 

LTIONAL METAL EDGE BOX COMPANY, Patented Paper Box Machinery, Metal Edge Boxes and Novelties; Paper Mills, 

Readsboro, Vermont; Nos. 62] I 6231 Iherry Street. — During the past few years many noteworthy manufacturing enterprises, 

have had their inception in Philadelphia. Among these there is, perhaps, not an.\ more worthy of special mention in this 

Metal Edge Box Co . located at Nos. 621 and 623 
concern in its tine in the city and it is one of the 
lishments of the kind in the United States. The 
box machinery, metal edge boxes and novelties, 
They have papei and pulp mills at Readsboro, 
United States, and possess exceptional facili- 
plies for manufacturing purposes. They turn out 
supplied to the lessees of their machinery through- 
thatcan lie made from paper pulp board, includ- 
match boxes, collar boxes, glove cases, picture 
specialties and artistic novelties in great variety, 
widespread and rapidly increasing demand. The 
them is conceded to have no equal, being by uni- 
effective for the purposes intended ever invented. 
specialty, are articles of exceptional excellence, 
They are neat in design, strong, durable and handy, and everyone is warranted as to make and material. Tin- National Metal Edge 
I ;ox Company, of which Moses Newton, (Holyoke, Mass.), is president, and Benj. Wolf. (Philadelphia,) treasurer, was organized about three 
years ago; it was incorporated under the laws of the Slate of New Jersey with a capital stock of $700,000. Prom the start the enterprise has 
been a signal success, the business growing and extending, until it has become exceedingly large. The factory occupies the whole of a six- 
story structure, 60x 150 feet, and is equipped with full steam-power and the latest improved machinery, appliances and appurtenances, while 
upward of one hundred hands are here employed. 

10HN G. FORD, Real Estate, Mortgage and Fire Insurance Broker and Notary Public, No. 713 Walnut Street.— Prominent 
among those gentlemen well-known in the real estate world should be named Mr. John <;. Ford, the real estate, mortgage 
and lire insurance broker, and notary public, whose office is eligibly located at No. 713 Walnut Street. He established his 
business here in 1889, and as a result of his large acquaintance, sound judgment and wide range of experience, he is enabled 
to execute with consummate skill the purchase, sale and transfer of real estate of all kinds, and conducts other commissions, 
intrusted to his care in connection with the negotiation of loans upon bond or mortgage, to the complete satisfaction of 
clients, alike in the matter of charges, terms and conditions. The business of this house, although local in its character, is of the most 
important nature, and embraces a general line of real estate transactions, for property owners, large operators and investors of the most 
r-picsent alive types. In addition to a general line of city and suburban property, Mr. Ford also handles Southern and Southwestern lands, 
including large tracts in Virginia. West Virginia and Florida, and offers rare bargains in manufacturing sites, orange groves and farm 
property. He is likewise prominent as agent in Eastern Pennsylvania for the Guaranty Savings and Loan Association, of Minneapolis, 
Minn., which is one of the oldest and wealthiest national organizations of the kind, with an authorized capital of $50,000,000. Its plan as 
n ■.■■■-, perfected stands preeminently at the head as regards safety, equity and profit. Mr. Ford is also special agent for the American Fire 
Insurance Company, of Philadelphia, and is prepared, both as agent and broker, to promptly place the largest risks, distributing the same 

:m g stanch and reliable companies, quoting tho lowest rates of premium, and guaranteeing a speedy and liberal adjustment of all losses. 

Mr. Ford is a native of Maryland, who came to this city forty years ago, and for thirty -five years was connected with the Philadelphia 
Inquirer as cashier and business manager. He hasa wide acquaintance with men and things in Philadelphia, and is a gentleman of reliability 
(in I integrity, with whom it is always a pleasure to do business. 

J. MURRAY. M. D., Druggist. No. 3286 Ridge Avenue and Thirty-fifth Street and Sunnyside Avenue, Falls of Schuylkill.— The 
neatest and best-appointed drugstores in the Falls district are those of B. J. Murray. No. 3286 Ridge Avenue and Thirty-fifth 
Street and Sunnyside Avenue. They are in all respects first-class pharmacies, where physicians' prescriptions and family 
recipes are compounded in the most careful and accurate manner, from strictly pure and fresh ingredients, and at extremely 
moderate prices. Dr. Murray, the proprietor, is a gentleman of courteous manners, in the prime of life, and was born in this 
city in 1859. He is a graduate of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, class of '80, also a graduate of the Medico-Chirur- 
gical i lollege, as a physician and surgeon. He is a member of several societies, both professional and social, and is a young man of energy 
and enterprise as well as of skilland reliability. Dr. Murray has been established for the past twelve years, as a pharmacist and druggist, 
and was formerly located at No. 3356 Ridge Avenue, whence he moved to the present location in 1881. opening a branch store at Thirty-fifth 
Street and Queen Lane the same year, which was removed to his large and handsome store under America Had. Thirty-fifth Streel and 
Sunnyside Avenue. Both places are finely fitted up and well equipped, and a large, complete stock is always kept ..w hand at each, including 
carefully selected drugs, chemicals, tinctures, extracts, etc., of every description, all the standard patenl medicines, proprietary remedies, 
herbs, barks, roots, seeds, etc.. also a full line of toilet articles perfumery, soaps, sponges, chamois, and druggists' sundries generally. In 
connection with his drug department, he also carries a full line of paints, oils, glass, varnishes, and all kinds of brushes. He also manu- 
facl tires a full line of proprietary articles, which has quite an extensive sale, among which are Murray's Liver and Dyspeptic Pills, Compound 
Sarsaparilla Mixture for the Blood and Nerves, Worm Mixture, Cough Mixture, Electric Liniment, Antiseptic Tooth Wash. Several com- 
petent assistants are in attendance at these two popular and excellent pharmacies, and night-bell calls receive prompt response, prescrip- 
tions being a specialty. 





15S 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




m 



, . i ,,, ,-., [RON COMPANY, Manufacturers oi Cosl Iron Pipe and Special Castings foi «.no and lias, also 1'lniiK* - Pipe. 
. .,, pipe Foundry, Einaus, Lehigh County, Pa | John Donaldson, President ; No. 136 South Fourth Stn el The great repre- 
sentative concern in the United States In the manufacture of cast iron pipe for water and gas is thi Donaldson Iron I ' pany, 

[ the Emaus Pipe Foundry at Emaus, Lehigh County, Pa., with offices al No. 186 South I eet, In this city. 

This company has a reputation and a trad txtensive with the limits of the country, and has been in successful opi 

since 1880. The capacity of the works, the industrial forces employed and the ample capita iracterize this 



foundry as the leader in its line in America, and one whose superior products are In universal demand by the tradeand consumers, The com- 
sake two, three, four, six, eight, ten, twelve, fourteen and sixteen inch pipe, both material an I workmanship being subjected toi 

i guaranl I; and municipal corporations, gasand water companies the country over largely use these pipes in preference to 

all other brands Here is headquarters for extra and double extra strong cast Iron pipe ii nstanl use bj ( actors and oil producers, and 

special castings of an} size for gas and water piping. The facilities of the works are thoroughly perfect, enabling the producl i threi 

fourths of a mile of pipe per day, and the largest orders are Oiled immediately on terms and prices which are not to be duplicated elsewhere. 

The company agagedonai tract for supplying sixty-five miles of pipe to the citj ol Philadelphia, and the pati agetl 

of a character that speaks volumes for the reliability and superiority of their product. The Donaldson Iron Company was organized in I s --", 
under the laws of the State of Pennsylvania, and is now governed by the following board of directors, viz: John Donaldson, president ; George 
Ormrod, treasurer and general manager; II. P. Donaldson, secretary; and M. Shimer, Thomas Whitaker, H, A. Stiles, who is vice-president of 
the Penn. Gas Coal Company, and Harrj Peacock. President Donaldson is a well-known Philadelphia!], long and prominently Identified 
with tin- iron and ooal trade; while the general manager, Mr. Ormrod, resides at Allentown and is an expert In this branch of skilled 
Industry. The management of this company has served to make itsposil i P national prominence and places its founders and pro- 
moters in the front rank of Pennsylvania's industrial representatives. 




Delaware River, below South Street. 




IHARLES M BURNS, Architect, No. TIT Walnut Street For son r Its finest structures erected within 

quarter centun Philadelphia is indebted to the skill and g I taste ol Hi Charles Marq ledent Bun architect whose 

offices are at No. 717 Walnut Street This gentleman was born in the Quaker City and bischoi :e of vocation In life was that 
of the architect In this line he studied under able mentorship, and havin ; gained a thorou h knowledge of thepn 

established business twent; Natural ability, ined with the valuable experience gained in the pursuit 

ofii enabled Mr Burns to achieve a marked succe o win a large, Influential patron ' won 

nality of his designs, Hear architectural beauty, and the perfect ticeable In every detail \" portant 

..i Mr Bun architectural creations were t -oup of conventual buildings erected 03 III Drexalal Andalusia, Pa. ; the Church 

ChurchofSt Peter, Uniontown, Pa.; Church of St Stephen, Wilkesbarre, Pa.; C choftheRi 1 

Bawr; >ur, West Philadelphia; the *.stor Memorial Cathedral of SI lugusta, Sioux Fo Dako 1 

■ in which ii..--. are erected, Mi B I all tl irepared to 

I ,r work of all kinds In t tructivi line a,, 1 all las designs are made with a view toth irvation ol 

furnish the maximum ol accon lation, solidity, and effect H active member ol the business world and enjoj the 

of tl ntir con inlty. 



I. •■■in 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



Ida 




hOBKKT WILDE'S SONS, Carpet Yarn Manufacturers, Leverington Avenue and Hamilton Street.— One of the foremost 
representative houses of those engaged in the production of carpet yarns in this city is that of Robert Wilde's Sons, whose 
mills and grounds, covering an area of two and a half acres, are located at the junction of Leverington Avenue and Hamil- 
ton Street. This property is owned by the firm. The business of the establishment was inaugurated twenty-two years ago 
by Mr. Robert Wilde, a business man of enterprise and sound ability, and he justly met with the most substantial success. In 
lf84 he was succeeded by his sons, Messrs. Isaac and Thomas U. Wilde, who adopted t he present firm style of Roberi Wilde's 
Sons, thus perpetuating the name of their honored father. Mr. Isaac Wilde was born in Covington, Ky., Iiis brother in England, and they 
have resided in Philadelphia the past thirty eight years. They were raised to a practical knowledge of their business under the mentorship 
of their father, ami being apt pupils mastered all its details. The mills are comprised in a stone building, 60x140 feet in dimensions, and 
the mechanical outfit is first class in every particular. It includes 1,200 spindles, and all requisite machinery, and it is driven by a 100 
horse power engine. The Messrs. Wilde employ titty experienced operatives, and manufacture carpet yarns of all grades, turning out 
25,000 pounds per week. They have permanent customers in the leading carpet manufacturers of the city, and supply an active, steady 
demand . 




\ LENMORE WORSTED COMPANY (Limited), Germantown Avenue and Tenth street.— This company was organized in 1883, 
and is under the management of Lewis A. Rommel, Secretary and Treasurer; Samuel A. Wood. Superintendent. The main 
mill is three stones high and 80x200 feet in dimensions, with a two story annex, 40x100 feet, splendidly fitted up with the 
latest improved machinery and appliances for the Bradford system of spinning, including 5,000 spindles, and steady employ- 
ment is given to 300 skilled operatives. The concern is a model iu its line, thoroughly organized, ably managed, and pro- 
ducing goods which are leaders with the best class of trade. These yarns are used mostly for fine v orsted coatincs, suitings, 
ladies' dress u'oods. as well as for fine knitting purposes. They are manufactured to order for fabric mills, and are recognized everywhere as 
standard productions, having no superior in the market as regards quality, finish, uniformity and general excellence. The average output 
is 1.500 lbs. per day. and shipments are regularly made to all parts of the United States. Mr. Rommel, the Secretary and Treasurer, was 
formerly a member of the firm of Croft, Midgeley & Rommel, of Camdeu, N. J., previous to the organization of this company, and is a 
native Philadelphiau, of excellent standing in business circles. Superintendent Wood has had an experience of forty years in this line of 
manufacture, and is promoting the interests of this company with distinguished ability and decided success. 



ROSHANNON COAL COMPANY, Room No. 407, Drexel Building.— The Moshannon Coal Company was incorporated in 
1864, under the laws of the State of Pennsylvania, with a capital of $100,000. and is officered as follows, viz.: Daniel Brittain, 
President ; Frank Mitchell, Secretary and Treasurer. The company owu and control nearly one thousand acres of coal land 
in Clearfield County, Pa., and produce the finest grades of soft coal in the State. This land and the mines thereon the com- 
pany lease to coal operators on shares, and the prodnct is warranted to maintain the highest standard of excellence, being 
mined by expert superintendents who are noted in Uie coal regions for the care taken in getting rid of all impurities, thereby 
making the product as near perfect as coal can be produced. It ignites readily and has good lasting qualities. A specialty is made of sup- 
plying gas works, dealers and large buyers in cargo lots, and the company are in a position to promptly fill the largest orders and to truar- 
antee satisfaction in every particular. The prices quoted are always regulated by the market. President Brittain is a native of Bloomsburg, 
N. J., a resident of this city for the past forty years, and prominently identified with the coal trade since 1849. Mr. Mitchell, the Secretary 
and Treasurer, has been connected with the coal trade for a period of tbirty-uine years and with this company since 18'J0. 





ffOHN W. CALVER & CO., Manufacturers of Bonnet and Hat Frames, Nos. 727 and 729 Arch Street.— The establishment 
of John W. Calver & Co., manufacturers of bonnet and hat frames, at Nos. 727 and 720 Arch Street, occupies a fore- 
most position in its industry. This is a house of standard reputation, t lie quality of the u r,| ods manufactured, their ex- 
celling merit, and the high and honorable record of the concern being beyond reproach. The busiuess was originally 
founded in 1810 by W. G. Calver, and twenty-six years later, in 1866, he was succeeded by his son, John W. Calver, who 
has since remained sole proprietor, continuing business under the firm name of John W Calver&Co. He is a native 
of Philadelphia, a member of the Board of Trade, and his career in the mercantile world is of the most creditable character. The 
spacious store occupied has an area of 25x150 feet, and is Admirably equipped, while employment is found the year round for sixty 
skilled hands. Bonnet and hat frames are turned out in vast quantities in an endless variety of styles, and the active demand supplied 
comes from all pai ts of the United States. In addition to the above business, Mr. Calver, in company with his' son, Mr. C. P. Calver, also 
carries on business iu the production of society goods. The firm name is John W. Calver ^ Son This enterprise was inaugurated iu (889 



|VTERPRISE DYEING AND FINISHING WORKS, Joseph Hanson, Agent. Mascher and Somerset Streets.— A branch of en- 
terprise contingent upon the great yarn manufacturing industry of Philadelphia is that of dyeing and finishing. One of 
the most successful concerns of the kind is that of the Enterprise Dyeing and Finishing Works. The business is conducted 
under the management of Mr. Joseph Hanson, who is agent for the owner. Mr. Hanson is a native of tins city, is thor- 
oughly skilled in the dyeing industry, aud he started in busiuess about twenty years ago, beginning upon a small scale. 
Meeting with success, he built works at his present address, and they were further enlarged in 1881. Tun years ago the 
establishment became the property of his mother, Mrs, E. Hanson, for whom he has siuce acted as agent. The premises occupied are 
comprised in a lot, 90x^00 feet in area, upon which are a huge three story building, a two story building, and a one story building. The 
place is equipped with the best machinery adapted to the industry. It is driven by steam power, and employment is found for twenty ex- 
perienced hands. Mr. Hanson dyes and finishes yarns of all kinds, making a leading specialty of ho-iery yarns, and the works can dye and 
finish 7,000 pounds daily. Many leading Philadelphia yarn manufacturers are among Mr. Hanson's permanent customers. 




M. HARLEY & CO., Oils, Nos. 52 and 54 North Water Street. -This thriving business was established in 1SS6 by Messrs. 
J. M. Harley and E. T. Foster. The latter gentleman retired in May, 1*92. Mr Harley also deals in canned and bat- 
tled goods, grocers' sundries, etc., which be added m iss'.i. He is a native of Montgomery County, and has had an experi- 
ence of forty years in the general merchandizing business, having kept stores in this line in Lexington, Pa , for ten years, 
in North Wales for eleven years, and three years in Skippack Tp., Pa. lb' is the sole proprietor of the justly celebrated 
" Star" cylinder, engine, spindle, wool and harness nils, put up in quarts and pint cans, and sold by the <]••■&■». These oils 
are warranted pure, containing no acid or alkali to corrode, or grii to wear nut the material. All his lubricant oils are in steady consump- 
tion in many leading mills and factories in different parts of the eounl ry. He also does a large wholesale trade iu superior compounds and 
greases, and various supplies for mines and rolling mills. Here too can be found the finest grades of lamp oils, li < i_rl i test burning oils, naphtha, 
gasoline, benzine and everything in t be line of lamp goods; also full lira's of salt, cider and vinegar. Mr. Harley 's trade is widely extended 
and still growing. 




l:9im 



I .-> 1 



HISTORICAL \\l> COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




Hi iM \s in 'I 'I V, Carpetings, Matting, Oil Cloth, Etc., No. 35 Norths I Street. An old .■sial.h~li.-il and leading house In 

Its line in this citj is thai so successful!} conducted bj 111 Th as Depuy, located al No SS North s I Street The 

I was established in 1845 by Stephen C Foulke, who was succeeded by Allen Scott & Co I'he preeenl proprietor 

enengaged In this business (or twenty-two years, and now i lands the Favor and patronage o( all who value 

Je serviceand the wide I range of flrsl class g Is from which to make selections. The nan i Depuy is 

well known In Philadelphia as the oldest in the carpel trade of the city, Mr Thomas Depuy being the s f Mr J 

i' 1 Depuy. 'Mi prero lesoccui I iprise a store and basement, 20x185 1 in dimensions, the two upper floors being feel 

\ large stock of carpetings, including Brussels, Ax minster, tapestry, moquettesand ingrain, is constantly carried, also a fine assortmenl ol 
mattings, oil cloths, etc. [mported aswell asdomestlc goods are freely carried, and Mr. Depuj lias all his arran ements perfected tot 

securing the freshest and choicesl novelties as soon as thej are ready for the trade. Be is inconstant receipt of consigi intsfrom tin- 

greal manufacturing centres of ihe country, and the relations he sustains with Importers and producers are of the inosl favorable kind, 
and he is prepared to give Ins customers advantages In goods and prices rarely offered elsewhere. Four cli 1 1 iployed. Mr. Depuj 

isagentl an in the active prime of life, and held in the highest esteem in this community for his integritj and personal worth. He is a 

mber of the Columbia Club and the Philadelphia B se, and tor the pasl 25 years bos been an active me i ol thi i ' and \ M., 

and the success he has achieved is well merited. In 1891 he purchased the building ni nowoccupl ofacilityis lacking wh 

the convenience of patrons and the interests of the house may be enhanced. 





II si IWDEN, Meal Market, No 8423 North Thirtj fifth Street.— A flrsl class and admirably conducted al and provision 

market In Falls of Schuylkill is that of which Mr. Wm. Sowden is the proprietor, located at No. 3423 North Thirtj fifth 
Street. Mr. Sowden, who is an Englishman bj birth, came here to reside in 1887, and four years later embarked In his 

present enterprise, which has si i falrlj bounded Into popular favor and patronage, and filled a long needed want 

in this community. The store,20x40 feel in dimensions, is nicely fitted up,inthemosl i lern approved style, with all 

ih.' necessary facilities and conveniences for the handling of the s It and systematic, conduct of affairs, and three cour us 

llcient assistants and a team are engaged in constant service. Here is at all times found everything in the line of prime beef, veal, 

' i lamb, pork, salted, smoked and corned meats of all kinds, etc., together with poultry and game and the different varlet] ol 

fresh fruits and vegetables, all in their res] tive seasons. For quality and freshness these products are unsurpassed in the market, and 

the prices which rule are s,. low as to defy s ;essfu tnpetition. All orders are promptly Riled, and delivered fr f charge, and a large 

and highly desirable family custom is constantly catered to. while the business c inues to show a stead] and Arm growth. Mr. Sowden is 

11 g man of pr mi I ability, who fully mid, .islands the requirements of the trade, and Ids future success is assured. 

Q WENDEROTH, Boot, shoe and Trunk House, No 4170 Qermantown Avenue V leading, well patronized and 
representative city house in the boot, shoe and trunk trad.- Is that of Mr. J. 6. Wenderoth, located In this section, 

al No 11. u Qermantown \\--i In 1866 this flourishing business was originally established by the present pro 

prietor, and has sin.-.- i ii conducted by him with great sir ss and prosperity. The pri mises occupied comprise a larpe 

* and commodious store, 90x50 feel in dimensions, handsomely and conveniently appointed throughout with special refer- 
ence to the business; and In the attractive plate glass show « indows and upon the shelves a fine display is mad.- of every- 
thing in the line of footwear. In the ^ r ueral complete assortmenl carried will befound I ts, shoes, slippers and rubbers it. all 

widths styles ami grades, for men, women and children, all of the i.est makes, and guarant 1 to give entire satisfaction In durability . 

perfect tii and price. A specialty is also made of trunks, grips, travelling bags, etc., and in each department <.f the si.. r<- the g is 

have been most carefully selected fr the best manufacturers in the country, Particular attention isheregiven tofiue custoi ade 

1 ts id shoes, all orders for winch are promptly and reliably executed, and the workmanship of these Is unsurpassed in the trade From 

two to three competent salesmen are In constant attendance, and prompt and courieous treatment is accorded to all patrons Mr. 
V7enderoth, who Is a native of tins city, is a thoroughly experienced, a hie and progressive business man, and the recipient ol a large, highrj 
desirable and permanent patronage, lie is a member of the Red Men and Knights of Malta. 

J. BOBBINS, Practical Paper Hanger, Main Street, Chestnut Hill— In this age of th.- increase of material wealth aid 
the progress iudicativeof th.- present century, thedemands of all classes are more exacting than ever before. This 
it is sell' evident in every branch of trade, and more particularly so in the arl of Interior decoration and adorn- 
ment ..f our hoines a representative and thoroughly reliable house devoted to this special line of work is that of Mr. II. 

1 .1 Robbins, on Main Street, which is tl nly business of this character conducted in Chestnut Hill. 'I'he enterprise was 

established in isi?s hy the present proprietor, Mr Robbins, The store is of ample dimensions, compact]] arran 
.i.Iy tilted for tin- advantageous display of a full line of rich and pleasing effects in drawing room, library, parlor paperings, etc . 
wind.. ever] description and a full line of Lincrusta Walton and felts. Besides making a specialty of wall papering and inte- 
rior 1 1 H oil' in ail its hra ne ii.-s, frescoing in eopie.i or original designs is undertaken at reasonable prices, when the high charactei ol the 

taken hit nsideration. Mr. Robbins employs four skilled assistants, is a young man. and a prominent member of the Knights 

• a the i lolden Eagle. 





F. STUCKERT, Architect, No 524 Walnut street Mr. Stuckerl is a native andllfe lout; resident of Philadelphia He 
studied his profession partly at the Franklin Institute of tins city, and since la- beg hi business has received a most sub- 
stantial and flattering pat ronage A g the churches that have been erected from his designs are the following : P 

ton Presbyterian, corner Powelton Street and Saunder's Avenue; Fourth Baptist, corner Fifth and Button wood Streets; 

> Baptist Chapel, corner Buttonw I and chat ham Streets : 'fluid Baptist, comer Wakefield and Wistar Streets; First Con 

itional. corner Seymour and Lynch Streets; Hebrew Temple, " idath Jeshurun," corner Seventh Street and Coluni 

ike's Lutheran, -ner Seventh Street and Montgomery Avec 1 Presbyterian, corner Seventeenth and Bain 

bridge Streets; church or the Transfiguration, Woodland Avenue, near Walnut Street; Clinton Avenue Baptist, Trenton, N. .1.; Pel 

Presbyterian m n. N. J.; Flemington Presbyterian, Fli ngtou, N. J St Michael's Lutheran Qermantown; SI Paul's German 

ton and Ward Streets; Methodist corner Wharton and Eighteenth Streets: Snyder Avenue Baptist, corner Seventh Street 

and Snyder Avenue, etc. Vmong the factories buill fr Mr. Stuekert's plans were the following, ow i bj prominent business men of 

thecity: Factory, southwest -ner Third and Cumberland Streets; weave shed and factory, southeast corner Huntingdon and Jasper 

Si reels "Star and Crescent Mill-." nort hwe I cornel Lehigh Avenue and Front Street; " Rainbow Dye Works," thwesl corner Lehigh 

\vei and Howard Street; factories, nortbi i Sixth and Master Streets; southeast corner Seventeenth and Dickinson Streets: V 

and li' tory and store, southwest Tier Sixth Street and Oil ircl '.'.- s; Tannery and store Chird Street north of Willow; 

tannery, northwest corner Front stt i and Fain ml Avenue; two factories on Sixth Streel near York; factories, Frankford \ venue near 

Wellington Street nortl ngdon and Hni Streets; Naudain Street west ol Twentieth ; file works, Fifth Street near 

Herks: factory with fire proof floors, Fourth street near Montgomery Avei 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



L55 




|HE AMERICAN TRUST, Ll 'AN AND GUARANTEED INVESTMENT COMPANY, 

Broad Street and Ridge Avenue.— One ol the most important and beneficial 

financial institutions of Philadelphia is thai of the American Trust. Loan and 

Guaranteed Investment Company, which was incorporated in 1886, under the 

laws of the State of Pennsylvania, with a capital of $250,000, and is officered as 

follows, viz: President, A. H Fracker; secretary and treasurer. Chas. F. Kolb. 
Directors: V. W. Walter. John S. Newman, J. J. Barker, A. Lichten, Andrew Kaap, Simon L. 
Bloch, E. D. Baugher, B. F. Greenewald, A. H. Fracker, R. Brunswick. J. H. W. Chestnut, M. 
D.. Thomas C. Else, George W. Nock, I. L. Shoemaker, Joseph K. Gamble; solictor. Ceo. s 
Graham. In 1890 the company took possession of their elegant new stone building, which is 
unexcelled for safety, elegance and general utility. Every possible safeguard is thrown around 
t lie spacious vaults, three in number, constructed on th< most approved principles, absolutely 
fire and burglar-proof, guarded by night and day, whil the doors are fastened with Yale 
time looks. There is a capacity for 1500 safe deposit boxes, and these are rented at reasonable 
rates, while the steady growth in the number of renters shows how widely these vaults are 
appreciated. The company receives and guarantees th sale-keeping of securities and valu- 
ables at a nominal sum per annum. A general banking business is also transacted, interesl 
being allowed on deposits, loans are made on approved collateral, and collections are 
promptly made all over the country. The company acts as agent for the registration or 
transfer of stocks and bonds of corporations and in the payment of coupons, or interest on 
registered securities, and issues bonds of suretyship. A most popular and much availed of feature of the company's business is acting 

as attorney for the treasurers or trustees of churches, schools, colleges, charitable societies, etc., keeping their i ks, supervising their 

investments, collecting income and rendering accounts when required. As interest is paid on all balances lying idle, it is of manifest 
advantage to secure the services of such a responsible fiduciary agent. Its trust department, under the provisions of its perpetual charter, 
executes trusts of every description. Added to these features is its guaranteed investment department- On September Nth. I *'.»:>, its total 
assets amounted to - 190,761 99. The executive officers of the company are all well-known Philadelphians who l. ring to bear every qualifi- 
cation, and are in every way representative of a sound policy and integrity of management. 





E. ARCHAMBAULT & SON. Fine Carpetings, Northeast corner Eleventh and Market Streets.-- One of the oldest retail 
houses in Philadelphia, and the largest in its line is the well-known house of V. E. Archambault & Son. Established in 1M.'. 
jj> by Mr. V. E. Archambault, the high reputation and immense trade of this house have been earned by half a century of reli- 
^ able dealing. The massive building which forms the headquarters for its trade stands a magnificent monument to fifty 
years of progressive business methods. These premises comprise seven entire floors, each with an area of 2,000 square 
feet. Thes.- acres of floor space are piled high with every conceivable kind of floor covering, Here are miles upon miles of 
carpetings— Brussels, ingrain, velvets, in fact every style and texture that is manufactured. Here are the best products of domestic carpet 
manufacture and the richest importations from foreign lands, which represent in their rich colorings the results of generations of the most 
patient and expert carpet weaving. There are rich and beautiful rugs from the Orient; there are floor coverings of every sort to suit everj 
taste and need. There are goods for those of moderate means who want the most durable article at a moderate cost, and there are goods for 
those of ample means and luxurious taste ... Being large buyers and direct importers, the house has the very best facilities for handling 
the very best goods at the very lowest prices. The house has always catered to the city trade, and its enormous business gives employment 
to forty-five hands the year round. The firm consists of Mr. V. E. Archambault. the honored founder* of the house, whose half century of 
active business life makes him one of the veteran merchants of Philadelphia, and his son. Mr. Victor E. Archambault, Jr., who was taken 
into partnership by his father in 1882. Both are natives and residents of Philadelphia 




S. FRANK & CO., Standard Cloak Company, No 830 Arch street.— Though but a comparatively young firm, H. N. Frank 
& Co., the "Standard Cloak Company," No. 830 Arch Street, have already attained a position in the forefront rank in their 
line. They are manufacturers and importers of ladies", misses' and children's cloaks, and they tin n <«ut a distinctly superior 
class of goods, while their productions command an extensive sale throughout the United Stales. The garments made by 
this widely-known firm are noted for beauty of design, style, finish and fabric, and are maintained at a uniformly high 
standard of excellence. The cloaks leaving their establishment are not, in fact, surpassed in a single feature of merit by 
anything of the kind on the market, and the demand therefor is rapidly growing all over the country. The house was established in 1890 
by H. N. Frank, who is the sole proprietor (the " Co. " being nominal). The premises occupied comprise four spacious floors, and are perfectly 
equipped in every department, the facilities being Unexcelled. The salesroom, which is 25 x 180 feet in dimensions, is handsomely fitted tp 
and tastefully arranged, the display being exceptionally attractive, and everything bespeaks order and excellent management. The firm are 
direct importers of fine cloakings, and every garment sold by them is of their own manufacture, all goods being warranted as to make and 
material. An immense stock is always kept on hand, upward of one hundred expert operatives and a number of skilled designers and cutters 
hem;: regularly employed, in addition to an efficient stall' of clerks and salesmen, and eight representatives on the road. The assortment 
embraces stylish and elegant cloaks in a great variety of pretty patterns and of latest designs in every size, shape and style. Mr. Frank is a 
native of this city, and is well endowed with the qualifications that lead to success. 




|OSEPH LOUCHHEIM & CO . Manufacturers of Clothing, New York Office. No. 704 Broadway. Nos. :i!4 and 316 Market Street. 
—A widely-known and noteworthy Philadelphia firm engaged in the wholesale clothing line is thai of Joseph Louchheim & 
Co. They are manufacturers of men's and boys 1 wear of all kinds and in all grades, and their productions command extensive 
sale throughout the United states. Thej make a specialty of fine and medium grade smts. and their goods are maintained at 
a uniformly high standard of excellence, every garment Leaving their establishment being warranted as to workmanship, trim- 
ming, finish and fabric The house was established in I860 by the present senior member of the firm, who conducted the 
business alone up to 1886, when he associated with him in p trtnership Louis L. Eliel, and on Jan. 1, 1892, he admitted his son, Mr. Harry F. 
Louchheim, to pari T3hi] They occupy two five-story buildings, each 50 x 150 feet in dimensions, equipped with freight 'elevators and all 
conveniences, and upward of sixty in help, including cutters, etc., are employed on the premises, in addition to several hundred hands out- 
side and thirteen representatives on the road. An immense stock is constantly kept on hand, and includes clothing for men. boys, and 
children, in everv style, size, shape and variety, juvenile attire being a specialty. Mr. Louchheim is one of Philadelphia's solid citizens, 
prominent and esteemed in commercial and financial circles, and is a director of the Seventh National Bank, and is connected with many 
charitable organizations. 



166 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 






s. FAUSSETT, Wholesale Dry Goods, No. 588 Arch Street, a house whose enterprise, energy and marked ability bai 
placed ii in tin* front rank of the wholesale dry goods trade <>f Philadelphia is thai of Mr. B. s. Faussett, This gentleman 
established busines n this line at the present location In 1889, and has mel » unparalleled success Heoccui k 

a commodious offle. and salesroom of aniple dimensions, and a large si nek of dry g Is, the products oi the best raanufac 

* turers, is kept constantly on hand. The trade of the house is largely with the dealers of Philadelphia, but is being 
rapidly extended throughout the State and through the Southern States under the efficient effot < ompetent 

sand energy of this house is proverbial, and its methods, resources and facilities insure '" it m contlnu- 
an< ,- growth and .i prosperous career. Mr. Faussett is a native Philadelphian, ami a merchant of high standing 

s.TT<> M \KT1N & CO., Manufacturers of Lithographic Printing Inks, No. 180 North Fourth Street.- Tins is one of the oldest 
and foremosi houses in the line Indicated, and for upward of a quarter of a century has maintained an ai reputation in the 

.,.,,1.- The house was established in 1867, and for the past twenty years the business has! n conducted al the present 

location There has never been any change in the style or personnel of the Arm. They are manufacturers of asuperior 
class of lithographic printing inks, and are direct importers of lithographic stones and mat. -rials, als,. bronze powder, gold, 
, , .,. ;ll) ,| metal leaf. The goods made and handled by them are all of excellent quality and their trade, wind, ii 
large extends throughout the whole of the United States. The business premises occupy an entire four story, 20x80 foot, building, with 

Mrs"! el iss Facilities and an efficient staff is employed In the establishment, while two salesmen represent tin' hons the road. A very 

large and fine stock is tstantly kept on band, and comprises everything in the lines above indicated The trade Is supplie th 

favorable terms, bottom prices being quoted. Mr. otto Martin, who is and has always I n the sole member of the Arm, was born In Ger- 
many, and has been iii this country thirty years or more, coming to Philadelphia In 1867. 

KOENIG & CO. Manufacturers of Musical and Mathematical Instrument Cases; Office, No. 787 Walnut Street. — Though 
only a year or so established, J. Koenlg & Co., manufacturers of musical and mathematical instrument cases, have buill up 
an extensive business. Tin* firm was formerly located at No, 111 Sansom Street, and removed to the present quarters in 

May last. Thej upy a 30x80 toot (third) floor here, with complete facilities, and employ a dozen or i v expert hands. 

• They manufacture elegant cases for musical and mathematical instruments, etc . in plush, velvet and morocco; cases 
[or jewelry and silverware in beautiful designs and exquUite finish, and sell to the trade. The productions are unsur- 
passed tor fine workmanship or durability, and every article is warranted as to make and material. A large and splendid assortment is 

constantly kept in stock. Mr. Koenig, the head of the firm, is a gentleman in the prin i life, born in Germany, and has I n in this city 

for a number ol years. He is a man of thorough practical skill and twenty years' experience, active and energetic, and is a member of the 
ots of the Golden Eagle, the Red Cross, and several German societies. 

JI1.I.IAM DEVINE, Agent, Manufacturer of Window Shading and Wall Papers, Shades and Fixtures; store and factory, 
No. 125 North Second Street— This enterprise, which holds an important position in the mercantile community, was 
inaugurated by William Devine in 1863, and was very successfully conducted by him until July, 1891. Aftei hi dee h 

w l,i c ] U rred at this time, the widow, who is the present proprietor, succeeded to the control, in.- ,,,,, 

of the house has from the beginning 1 a energetic and judicious, and the liberal policj pursued towards dealet and 

consumers 1ms resulted in the accumulation of a widely extended and influential patronage. Here is manufai 
not onlj window shades, but the cloth trom which thej are made, a specialty being the beautiful dado shades. A large stock ol cord and 

,., . i roil,-.- ends, racks, brackets and wall papers is kept constantly on hand. The paper hangings are brought from the most oo 

ictoriesof Europeand America, and the display is of the richest and most elegant character. Employment is furnished to tt 
live skilled lends, and iii Hi,* busy season forty five dozen shades per day are produced. The trad.* of the house is with the dealers and 
ill over the United states, but is principally in the states of Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. 

aOTJTHWARK PAINT WORKS, Joseph Lawless, Proprietor, Manufacturers and Dealers in Paints, Oils, Glass, Putty, Var 
nishes Coach Painters' Uat< es, Etc., No. HWPassyunk Avenue.— The South wark Paint Work-, Joseph Lawless, 

proprietor, No. 1119 Passyunk Avenue, were established about two years ago by the gentleman above named, and from the 

-I,,,, the venture has I n« verj prosperous enterprise. Mr. Lawless manufactures a supe ■ class of mixed paints, and 

deals in all kinds of painters' and varnishers' supplies. He does a large business, and bis trade gives evident I steady 

increase. Tie- quarters occupied as factoi y and store are conn lions and well equipped, the facilities foi gi In g, mix. 

being ample and excellent, and' a nui r of hands are regularly employed here A large and first class stools is always earned. 

andim of every desi ription, -.iU, -lass, putty, varnishes colors, coach painters' materials, s] ges, brushes, emery, -an- 1 paper, 

,. \n orders ire promptls and carefully attended to. and the lowest prices prevail, the trad.* and public being supplied oi >sl 

i X- inns. Mr. I,, w less ivhoi a utleman in the prime of life, born in this city, is a man of entire reliability in his dealings, as well 
a- ol push and energy, and, unless all Signs fail, his success is bound to endure. 

II.I.IAM A. CTJSHING, Ileal Estate Broker, Room No. 4. 126 South Fourth Street— A leading repre it itivi .i this 

i , i -i, i tdelphia is Mr. Wm. A. Cushlng, who has be..,, established as a real estate broker her,* sin,-,- 1880 He eon 

ducts a general real estate lm- s buying, selling and exchanging property of all kinds, negotiating n <nint; 

,,, o„ approved coll iteral, managing estates, collecting ren indling Philadelphia realtj ol every .1 ription 

Me has mad- a study of >' d estate in all Its branches is thoroughly Infon 1 as to present an 

be engaged with perfeel Bdence In all matters relating thereto Mr. Cushlng is a native Philadelphian with an experi 

hteen years In tin- real estate business. 






A I n \N MILLER, Manufacturer of in-rain Carpets, Mascher street. Below York.— The history ol this c u era i one of 
Btea , an. i..t Die deserved reward of perseverance and energy. The enterprise was founded in l»"8, on Rosehill, 

Biller, v.b gan opera! s with four hand looms, his capital being small. I iv, ■ i ceol In- p 

however. Ins su, ss was , tinuous, and lie frequently enlarged lus facilities, and made several moves, each time into 

an the use of power 1 s, and in IE session of his p rat quarters Here the 

premise os of ROxliO feet, and ar [nipped with sixtee oms, drivi - power, whili 

Mr Miller manufactures all grad 1 ingrain carpets, in extra supers and i i 

ol theflnet qualities. 'II utput - I and forty roll ol carpel in th, and thi radela 

supplied direct upon the most I Mr. Miller was horn abroad, but bas reside tin- Onited states si, 1876 He ho 

,„,.„,, periences a carpet man, and the successful business career he has led is one reflecting the highest oredil 

Hpuu his ability and mel h 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



i."»; 




^IXTH NATIONAL BANE, Corner Second and 1'ine streets.— There are but few, if indeed any at all, among the many solid and 
substantial financial institutions fur which Philadelphia has long been noted that maintain a higher reputation for integrity 
and stability than the Sixth National Bank, corner Second and Pine Streets. This is by universal assent one of the soundest 
and stanchest in the city. It is an ably managed and thoroughly trustworthy institution, conducted on strict business princi- 
ples, and has secured firm hold on public confidence and favor. The " Sixth National " was incorporated March 29, 1864, and 
during the twenty -eight years since intervening has enjoyed an uninterrupted career of prosperity. Its history has been an 
unbroken record of progress, and all the indications are that its popularity is bound to increase and endure. Tile bank has a capital stock of 
$150,000, the surplus fund amounts to (150,000, and the undivided profits are upward of $48,000, while the deposits reach almost $1,000,000. 
The connections and investments of the institution are of the most desirable character, the business grows steadily apace, and altogether, the 
affairs of the bank are in a condition highly gratifying alike to its stock-holders, directors and clients. The Sixth National Bank building 
i^ a hands' ime three story structure, and the banking offices, which are conveniently located on the first floor, are commodious, finely lilted 
up and well equipped in every respect. An efficient clerical staff is employed, and everything bespeaks order and excellent management. 
A general banking business is transacted, including loans, discounts and deposits, and accounts are opened witii banks, bankers, merchants, 
manufacturers, etc., on the most liberal terms consistent with sound and conservative methods. Collections and telegraphic transfers are 
made on all cities and towns of the United States, at lowest rates; foreign and American exchange is bought and sold, while drafts are issued 
on Great Britain, Ireland and countries of continental Europe. Bills of exchange and letters of credit, available anywhere, are sold, also 
approved commercial paper, and securities are negotiated; and in short, all classes of business comprehended in legitimate operations in this 
line are engaged in. The correspondents of the bank are the Ninth National and the Importers' and Traders' National Banks of New York. 
Tin- officers of the Sixth National Bank of Philadelphia are Jonathan May, president; William D. Gardner, vice-president; Robert B.Salter. 
cashier; the board of directors being composed of Messrs. Jonathan May, Wm. D. Gardner, Daniel Baird, David II. Bowen, Henry D. May, 
William S. Emley, II. Shetzline, Robert B. Salter and James Wilson. The gentlemen named are all men of standing in the community, well 
and favorably known in commercial and financial circles and prominent in business life. 




sRIFFIN, GRAHAM & CO., Importers and Retailers of Fine Carpetings, No. 1020 Chestnut Street.— Although of comparatively 
recent establishment. Messrs. Griffin, Graham and Co., importers and retailers of line carpetings, are already the center of a 
large connection, and they are speedily becoming a leading source of supply for Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and 
Maryland. This distinct success cannot fail to be regarded as a true index of the firm's ability to meet the many require- 
ments of'retail buyers by placing upon the market a full line of floor coverings, of both foreign and American origin, at rock- 
bottom figures. The firm handle every description of floor coverings of all grades and of the latest introduction as to 
patterns, styles and make; and they draw their supply from various countries in Europe and Asia, besides dealing in American manufac- 
tures. The first floor, at the address named, 25 x 150 feet in area, is used as main salesroom, and is handsomely furnished and very effi- 
ciently lighted with skylights running its entire length, everything being quite new; the two floors above, each 25 x 80 feet in size, are also 
utilized, the second story as salesroom and third story as upholstering-room. Here are to be seen an immense, though carefully selected 
stock of everything in the way of floor coverings; a few of the chief lines being Axminster, Wilton, body Brussels, choicest tapestries, and 
best ingrain carpets, many of rich and artistic designs; elegant Turkey squares and druggets, Smyrna and other rugs; mats in great variety; 
oilcloths of all grades, linoleum, mattings, crumb cloths, etc. This flourishing enterprise was initiated early in 18!)2,by the present copart- 
ners, Mr. N. O. Griffin and Mr. John W. Graham, who are young men of good standing. 



REFORMED CHURCH PUBLICATION HOUSE, Booksellers and Stationers, No. 907 Arch Street.— The leading and representa- 
tive Reformed Church Publication House, Rev. Chas. G. Fisher, D.D., proprietor, was established in 1804 by the Reformed 
Church Publication Board.' In 1888 Mr. Fisher, who had been superintendent, secretary and treasurer of the Board, became 
sole proprietor. He handles a large stock of theological works, Sunday-school libraries, reward cards, pulpit and fannk 
bibles, miscellaneous books, stationery of all kinds, etc.; also the German publications of the Church are kept on hand. The 
house publishes "The Reformed Church Messenger," "The Reformed Quarterly Review," "The Missionary Guardian. " 

(monthly), " The Sunday-school Treasury," " Sunshine," (weekly), Heidelberg Teacher," (quarterly i, " Scholar's Quarterly," (quarterly), 

" Lesson Papers," (advanced and primary). The spacious store occupied is handsomely fitted up and contains at all times a complete stock. 

As three percent, of the gross receipts have to be paid each year to the Publication Board, church people should patronize the house 

liberally. Mr. Fisher is a native of Pennsylvania. 





| HE F. A. DAVIS COMPANY. Medical Publishers, Main Office, No. 1231 Filbert Street.— The medical profession, as well as 
humanity in general, have found the printing press an able assistant. The benefits of medical discovery and research are 
directly proportioned to the means given for communicating them to the members of the profession. To the average man, 
the life of a physician of large practice seems rather unattractive. Always subject to a call from any patient, his time is never 
his own; and how the doctors are able to do the necessary reading and study to keep them abreast with the advance made by 
the master-minds in the profession is a problem which appeared, until the last few years, to be almost an impossible one to 
solve, but it has been solved. The F. A. Davis Company, whose principal office is at No. 1231 Filbert Street, are the publishers of the 
" Annual of the Universal Medical Sciences,' ' which might appropriately use the sub-title, the " Problem Solved." The'," Annual of the Uni- 
versal Medical Sciences " is to the medical profession, what the " Law Reports " are to the legal profession, the " Statesman's Year Book " to 
the statesman. It gives the progress of medicine from January to January of each year, separating from the vast amount of material, con- 
tributed by its 300 editors and correspondents, simply the progress of the year, repeating nothing old, giving no space to vaporing theories. 
but giving to the profession a reliable guide to what is new in medicine and surgery. Among its contributors are and have been such men 
as the late D. Hayes Agnew, the late Joseph Leidy. Dr. Wm. Pepper, Dr. J. William White, Dr. James C. Wilson, Dr. William Goodell of 
Philadelphia, and equally prominent doctors in New York, Chicago, Cincinnati, Boston, Baltimore, Washington, St. Louis, etc., and some of 
the great men in Europe. This work, now in its fifth year of publication, has the largest subscription list ever attained by any medical work. 
Of it, the " London Lancet " (perhaps the greatest medical authority in the world) remarks, " Its circulation must, if it maintains its present 
standard of excellence, become as world-wide as the information which it contains." It is something of which Philadelphia should justly be 
proud, that the acknowledged greatest medical work in the world, should have been conceived and brought forth in this city. This house 
was founded in 1879 by Mr. F. A. Davis, and was continued under the name of " F. A. Davis." until November 19, 1891, when the present 
company was organized and incorporated under the laws of the State of Pennsylvania. In addition to the " Annual of the Universal Medical 
Sciences " and its attendant monthly journal, the " Satellite," this company publishes " The Medical Bulletin," (a mont ly journal of med- 
icine and surgery). The combined circulation of these two journals, it is stated, averages about eighteen I In lusand copies per month. They 
also publish such standard works as " Diseases of the Nose and Throat," by Sajous; " Diseases of the Nervous System," by Ranney ; " Ma- 
teria Medica and Therapeutics." by Shoemaker; " Principles of Surgery." by Senn ; "The Physician Himself.'' by Cathell; " Practical Gyne- 
cology," by Goodell. etc., etc. 



HISTORICAL AND COM ,\\ E R ( : I A I. PHILADELPHIA. 




BERTS & ANDREWS, Produce Commission Merchants and Dealers in Foreign and Domestic Fruits, No. 119 Callowhill 
Mi. wholesale commission trade in produce and fruits has loug been a prominent feature ol Philadelphia's com- 
meri and a valuable fact* ir in the upbuilding of the city's business fame and prosperity, a. house in this lint i 
excellent status is that of Roberts <S Andrews, ol No 119 Callowhiil Street, corner ol New Market Street This establishment 

was founded! ■ years ago by the present proprietors, Josiah Roberts, Jr., and B. D. Uidrews. Botli are natives * 

Jersey, having been raised on lain is in that State, and they reside in Camdeu Mr. Roberts was for twenty one years a mem- 
ber of the firm ol Roberts & Brother, commission merchants, this city, and Mr. Andrews was bookkeeper for the Arm eight years Phe 
occupied bj Messrs Roberts «^ Audrews, built exclusively Cor their use, in 1888, comprise a four-story building, s> x .'• feel In 
dimensions, and it is furnished with all appliances and conveniences for the storage and safe preservation "i stock. The firm employ 

twentj assistants and are general produc* omission merchants and wholesale dealers in foreign and domestic fruits ol all kinds 

mments are solicited, the sales are active, and Large shipments are made daily Messrs. Roberts & Andrews are members oi the Prod 
uce Exchange, also the Fruil Buyers' Union. They attend personally i<> the interests of their patrons, and their record is of a character to 
command for them the esteem of all their fellow-citizens. 



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Stand • Pipe— Fatrmount. 




|> >VEB i\'K a imp \\T. N'n. 145 North Sixth Street It isnou more tfcan a half a century since the Hover inks were first placed 
on the market, and during the entire period thej have been steadily growing in popular favor. Thej have ion \ been noted foi 

f.ii excellence, and are maintained al a uniform^ high standard. The writing fluids manufactured by the Hover ink 

Company, h hose office and factorj are at No 145 North Sixth Street, are made on scientific principles, in i dance with a 

regular formula, from the verybesl available ingredients, and are used extensively in banks, mercantile hou 
offices, etc., throughout this citj and State They are, in short, preparation of a distinct!} superior character, and are 
handle/] by the trade all over the country. Besides hi jh grade writing fluids, the Hover Ink C ufactures other inks <>r every 

shade and th I a ccellent quality and keep on hand always a laree flrsl cla tocl , Thej occupj the whole of a 

lodious three-story building, with complete facilities, and employ an efficient starl ■ f help. The.i are prepared to supplj dealers and 
large consumi rs on the mosl favorable terms, quoting bottom prices to the trade, an i all orders will be promptly and carefully filled 

inks, wl ■ I a prize medal at the American institute and Ii I ■ hition. and also received a dip] a at the Fi 

institute, are fully warranted, and ar ionallj profitable g Is to handle This concern ha. I inception in 1841, when the bue ness was 

ished by Joseph E Hover, wl arrit I imeuntil 1886. when he was succeeded bj Charle P Bi omething over a 

\ Worrall became mana tate and a? such ha nee condm ■ :> uninterrupted success. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



159 




clothing can 

best class of 
are Marx B. 
Frank came 



RANK BUGS. & CM > .. Manufacturers of Fine Clothing, No. 51 North Third Street -This is an old and honored house, and was 
founded in 1858 by Messrs. Frank Bros. & Co., and the same name and style has been retained by the present proprietors. 
Tin- building occupied contains five floors and a basement, 35x200 feet each, in which fifty skilled hands are employed, while 
three hundred work people are kept busy outside. They use only the choicest woolens and suitings of foreign and domestic 
make, selected with the utmost care, examined thoroughly for imperfections, sponged and shrunk, and cut by leading ex- 
perts to the actual latest fashionable styles. The finish will be found thoroughly elegant, and no more stylish or durable 
be obtained in the United States. The goods embrace all grades, and the house commands the permanent patronage of the 
retailers from Boston to Colorado. The rarest, inducements are offered to the trade. The members of this responsible firm 
Loeb, Jacob S. Frank, Horace Loeb and Jacob F. Loeb. The senior partner became a member of the original firm in 18(37; Mr. 
into the firm in 1870, while Messrs. Horace and Jacob F. Loeb, sons of the senior partner, were admitted to partnership in 1889. 




I ?TJ — LF 1 W<| «^ K - WISTER & CO., Brokers and Commission Merchants in Foundry and Forge Pig Irons, Iron, Steel. Metals, Fire Bricks, 
rt£?*.J Etc., No. 357 South Fourth Street. — A prominent and widely known Philadelphia iron and steel firm is that of L. and R.Wis- 
ter & Co. They are brokers and commission merchants, and are agents for the Sterling Coal Company. They handle every- 
thing in the hue indicated, including foundry and forge pig irons, plate, boiler, bar and iron generally; also steel, metals, 
fire bricks, ores, etc., and deal extensively in all kinds of scrap iron, coal and coke. The business transacted is exceed- 
ingly large, the annual reaching upward of 100,000 tons, and the trade of the firm is constantly growing. The house was 
established about twelve years ago, and under the present firm name has always been conducted, although some changes have taken place 
in the personnel of the copartnership, which originally consisted of Messrs. L. and Rodman Wister and J. N. M. Shimer. Mr. Jones Wister 
acquired an interest in the concern about eight years ago, and Mr. L. Wister was removed by death in 1801. The office is well appointed and 
connected by telephone (No. 308). and several clerks are employed. The firm make a specialty of pig irons, and handle the following brands: 
" Dunbar, " " Bushong," "Kemhle," "' Tuscarawas," " Edge Hill," " Weyebrooke," " Liberty," " Hecla," "Silver Spring,"*' Ferguson," the 
Lickdale Iron Company's steel blooms, slabs and ingots, and silver gray carbonizing iron. They are prepared to execute orders for any- 
thing in the line of iron, steel, metals, etc., on the most favorable terms, quoting bottom prices. The members of the firm, who are all 
Philadelphia^ by birth, are men of long and thorough experience in the trade. 



UTTER BROS., Importers and Packers of Leaf Tobacco, Nos. 155 and 157 Lake Street, Corner La Salle Street, Chicago; N,,. j:t 
North Third Street.— Messrs. Sutter Bros are importers and packers of the finest grades of leaf tobacco from Cuba and Su- 
matra, and also handle immense quantities of Pennsylvania, Connecticut and Wisconsin growths. The building occupied 
here for trade purposes contains five floors and a basement, 25x"298 feet each, appropriately fitted up with every conve- 
nience for storage, assorting and packing of the large and valuable stock. The firm have very superior connections with 
growers and shippers, both at home and abroad, and are prepared to lay before manufacturers the most desirable leaf at 
prices not easily found elsewhere, and have a large and influential trade not only in all parts of the United States, but also in England, Ger- 
many, France, Spain, Canada, and other foreign ports, their business aggregating $1,750,000 yearly. The firm of Sutter Bros, is composed of 
five brothers, Messrs. Louis P., Adolph, Jacob, Edward A. and John E. Sutter, all of whom were born in Detroit, Mich., and are well know n 
citizens of Chicago, except Mr. John E. Sutter, who resides in Philadelphia. Mr. M. Louis, the manager in this city, is specially intimate 
with the buying and selling markets, and is a sound judge of the value of leaf tobacco. 




SflElL & TAWS, Importers and Dealers in Drawing and Artists' Materials and Mathematical Instruments, No. 814 Chestnul 
Street. — Messrs. Weil & Taws are importers and dealers in drawing and artists' 1 materials and mathematical instruments. 
They are both young men, abreast of the times in every particular, and possessa thorough knowledge of all the requirements 
of their business. Their business has received a great impetus lately, and they are now doing a thriving retail and whole 
sale trade. Their commodious premises are heavily stocked with a large and superior stock of artists' and draughtsmen's 
materials, art novelties, etchings, paintings, both of foreign and American production. They have influential foreign con- 
nections and import directly themselves from all parts of Europe full lines of goods. They also handle a complete variety of all kinds of 
mathematical and scientific instruments, and sell at the lowest possible prices. Mr. J. H. AVetl is a Hungarian by birth, and a resident of 
the city for about six years. He is an accomplished linguist, speaking fluently seven languages. Mr. H. M. Taws is a native Philadelphiau, 
descended from ancestors whose line reaches back to colonial times. 





S. DUNMORE, Fancy and Staple Groceries, House Furnishing Goods, Etc., Main Street, above Union Avenue, Chesnut Hill. 
—One of the leading grocery aud house furnishing businesses in Chestnut Hill is that conductedjby Mr. R. S. Dun more, 
located on Main Street, above Union Avenue. This responsible house is now well known here for handling exclusively the 
most reliable grades of goods in each line at fair and reasonable prices, for making exact representations and for rigidly ad- 
• hering ro other business principles that alone insure a permanent success. The enterprise was established at the same loca- 
tion in 1881 by Mr. Dun more and a Mr. Duncan, and for the past five years its continued prosperity has been solely attribu- 
table to the personal endeavors of Mr. Dunmore himself. The large and carefully selected stock carried includes a full assortment of house 
furnishings and staple and fancy groceries, a few of the chief lines being choice China and Japan teas, Java and Mocha coffees, family 
flour, biscuits, the standard brands of canned and bottled goods, jellies, dried and crystallized fruits, preserves and a superior line of 
imported table delicacies; three competent clerks being in regular attendance upon customers, and a wagon retained for the collection and 
delivery of orders. Mr. R. S. Dunmore, who is a gentleman of middle age, was born in Chester County, Pa., coming to Chestnut Hill twenty- 
six years ago, and is a member of the Knights of Pythias and the Knights of the Golden Eagle. 




NEWELL & SON, Landscape and Business Photographers. No. 633 Arch Street.— There is no branch of industry, art or 
science in winch such marked advances have been made during recent years as in photography. Notwithstanding all 
that has been attained, much depends upon the skill and judgment of the operator in obtaining favorable and desirable 
results. Among the old established and prosperous houses engaged in business in Philadelphia, that of R. Newell & Son. 
• located at No. 633 Arch Street, has always maintained a most enviable reputation for superior workmanship and liberal 
business methods. Mr. R. New-ell established business here in 1855, and in 1873 his son was admitted to partnership. The 
firm work for the trade in Pennsylvania and vicinity, employing five competent assistants. They occupy three floors. 20x100 feet in dimen 
sions. fitted up with every convenience and appliance known to the profession, including the best light and accessories. The establishment 
is fully equipped for indoor or outside work, landscapes, buildings and country seats being photographed al short notice. Their interii >r work 
is exceptionally fine, having made a special study of tins particular branch. Special arrangements have been made for photographing 
groups. The ground floor is provided with a skylight for the photographing of merchandise of every description, and photography in all its 
branches is executed in the highest style of the arl at reasonable prices. Messrs. Robert and Harry Newell, are gentlemen of enterprise 
ability and high artistic attainments, honorable in their dealings and highly respected in social and commercial circles. 



ICO 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




BANE IRON COMPANY, Office, No 224 South Fourth Street, Considered as a factor in the sum of commercial activity 

in this city, ihr unportan. i the pig iron and kindred interests can hard!] be overestimated. The transactions 

in the products indicated here in Philadelphia in th n e of o LCh msi magnitude and represent millions, 

while the volu I trade grows apace. Notable among il :ems represe I here is the Crane Iron C pany, 

whose works are loci 1 al Catasauqua, Pa., with an office al No. -.".'I South Fourth Street, in this city. This < ipany 

manufacture I foundry pig, open hearth and Bessemerpig iron and their leading brands are "I rane," Ca 

tie," and " Mohican." The works were buill in 1889, 1842 and 1846, with present furnaces in 1850, 1865 and 1881, while the firs! iron was made 
July I, 1840. The company was incorporated in lKl'.i, under the laws of the State ol Pennsylvania, and now has a capital ol $1,500,000, with 
the following officers and managers, to wit : II. W. Hazard, president ; James M. Hodge, Becretarj and treasurer; I nard Peckett, super- 
intendent' David Davis, cashier This oompanj was the first in the United States to make pi;; iron by the use of anthracite coal, and thej 

now use anthracite coal and coke, and Now Jersey, Pennsylvania, Lake Superior and i ign ores They operate foul blasl furnaces, two 

asurlnc 13 s 18 and two 60 s 16 feet, one having iron stoves and tl thers three Whitwell stoves each, and having a combined annual 

•apacltj of 150,000 tons net. Th mpany have also operated the Maeunzie furnace since 1890, which turns oul 17,000 tons ol Bessemerpig 

iron per annum. The processes bj which the specialties of this i pany are manufactured are of the most perfecl character, a uniformly 

high standard of excellence being maintained, so thai their brands are rapi.ll> increasing in demandinall sections of tin untry. The 

resources ol thecompanj are ample and abundant, their facilities tor rapid and perfecl i iuctions are rarelj equaled, and the largest 

orders are therefore guaranteed pr pi and satisfactory fulfillment in all cases. Such a house as this proves of inestimable value to a greal 

commercial center like Philadelphia, and by ds operations conduces greatlj to theactivitj of trad.- The officers of the Crane Iron Com 
panj are gentlemen of ripe experience in the iron industry, whose standing in business and trade circles places them far bej I the require- 
ments of any praise which these pages could bestow. 

I 1 mi. BERNHEIMER & CO., Distillers and Wholesale Dealers in Fine Pennsylvania Whiskeys, Sole Proprietors of the Centen- 
nial Club Whiskey, No. 118 North Front Street, <> r Hie oldest-established, and a leading I se actively engaged in the 

wholesale trade in whiskeys, is that identified with the h •ed nam.- of Lang, Bernheimer & Co., whose warehouse isal No, 

us North Front Street. The business was founded In 1850 by Messrs. Louis Lang and I ; Bernheimer, who continued together 
until their pleasant co-partnership was broken by the death ..t" Mr. Bernheimer, and Mr Lang has sin.-,' directed affairs under 

the original firm-title of Lang, Bernheimer & Co. Tin- premises mpied comprise a four-storj warehouse, •.'■"• s 100 feet in 

dimensions, filled with a heavy assortment of foreign and domestic wines and liquors Only the standard class of liquors are deall in and as 
a consecpietiee each year has witnessed an increase of stock and facilities and a corresponding enlargement of trade, which extends through. 

out Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and the New England and Southern States The g is are sold fr r In I I and are received 

direct from the producers. Mr Lang Is a distiller and rectifier, and makes a leading specialty of fine Pennsylvania whiskeys, being sole pro- 
prietor of the celebrated " t'enteiunal Club Whiskey," which is unrivaled for flavor and purity. Mr. Lang is a member ..i the Pennsylvania 

and Philadelphia Wholesale Liquor Dealers' Associations, the Manufacturer's Club and National Cattle I lers Association Bj the exercise 

,i g rea i eommi rcial ability this house has achieved a reputation for square dealing and rellabilitj oi ded onlj to those whose transactions 

have been based on the strictest principles of mercantile honor. 





,OBERT J. WALKER. Star Finishing Works, No. 2335 Hamilton Street. -For the past lorn years Robert .1 Walker, whi 

well-equipped "Star Finishing Works'' are 

located at .No 28 15 Hamilton Street, has been 

established in business. He is the oldest and 

Foremost representative <>r the branch of 

industry indicated in Philadelphia, and has an 
extensive patronage. His facilities for finishing all kinds 
and qualities ..I' cotton fabrics, or for napping, calendering, 
etc., are unsurpassed, and the work done by him is of a dis- 
tinctly superior character. Mr, Walker, win. is a gentleman 
somewhat pasl the meridian of life, but active and energetic, 
was born in the South, and has resided in this city since l s J7. 
He is a man of thorough practical skill, as well as of long and 

varied experiei full; rersant with every feature and 

detail of the business, and was the first in tl ity to start a 

finishing shop alone. Hestarted in 1852 on Edward street, 
in a very modes! way, and after a number of changes of 
,n, moved to the present quarters in March, 1876. The 
premises mpied bj him hen- are spacious and commo- 
dious, and are fitted up with ample steom-powei ind the 
latest improved machinery, appliances and appurtenances 
known to the industry, while twenty-five to forty in help arc 

employed. Mr. Walker is prepared to flni h i ittonades, 
jeans cheviots, ticking, ginghams, dress fabrics, and cotton 
and worsted goods of everi description ill the verj best. 
manner, guaranteeing perfecl satisfaction, and all ordi 

ex notice, All goods are prepared for finish- 

jng bj a trimming machine ol e ce] nal merit, patented 

[r Walker, and which is for sale on appliea- 

. him. who is the m inufa. turei All varieties of 
napped, calendered, re- ressed, re-finished and 
packed in I he most expeditious and superior manner, likewise, 
,i the lowe I prices, and all goods in this establishment are 
fullj insured. Mr. Walk, i al on patentee of greal renown 
to this class of machinery , and is the proprletoi 

the most valuable patents used In finishing. Mr. Walker also has a safety device for us i elevators which can be seen In operation at his 

work i i Hamilton Street Itl epl al merit, and is worthy of the attention of the public being the simplest am steffeel 

Haisafi rdevised State rights an toi il a illcation to B J Walker Mi Thos. Sernendinger is the manager of these works. 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



161 




E.HAMELL& CO., Established 1857, Rope and Twine 
Manufacturers, Agents of the Penn Cordage Co., Deal- 
ers in Ship Chandlery, Naval Stores, Fishermen's and 
Boatbuilders 1 Goods, No. 46 North Delaware Avenue.— 
A house which occupies a leading position in its special 
department of commerce is that of Messrs. F. E. Ham- 
ell & Co., rope and twine manufacturers and ship chandlers, at No. 46 
North Delaware Avenue, telephone No. 548. This establishment was 
founded in 1857, by John S. Lee & Co., who were succeeded by Richard 
B. Williams, and seventeen years ago Messrs. F. E. Hamell and Geo. L. 
Stubbs became the proprietors. On June, 1, 1893, Mr. Stubbs retired, 
and Mr. Hamell remains sole proprietor, trading as F. E. Hamell & ( !o. 
The premises used for business purposes comprise two floors, each 
30 x 150 feet in dimensions, and they are equipped with every conven- 
ience for the handling of an active trade. A heavy stock is carried of 
rope and twine of all kinds, ship chandlery, naval stores, and fishermen's 
and boatbuilders' goods. Mr. Hamell is president of the Penn Cordage 
Co., agent for Walter Coleman & Sons' blocks, and keeps a full supply of 
these superior goods. A staff of six to eight clerks is employed, and all 
orders are promptly filled at rock-bottom prices. Mr. Hamell is a native 
of New Jersey, and entered tlie house, of which he is now proprietor, in 
1869. He is a live, progressive business man, and enjoys the fullest con- 
fidence of the mercantile comi lity 





|N10N NATIONAL BANK, Third and Arch Streets.— One of the live financial institutions of Philadelphia to which our busi- 
ness men can look with confidence and pride is the Union National Hank, whose banking rooms are located at the corner of 
Third and Arch Streets. This hank commenced business as a State institution in 1858, and was reorganized under the national 
banking laws in November, 1864. It has a paid-up capital of $600,000 and is officered as follows, viz.: President, David Faust; 
•IftTT^* vice-president, E. G. Reyenthaler; cashier, W. H. Carpenter; directors: David Faust, E. G. Reyenthaler, C. F. Stadiger, 
W. w ^»*Mfc-* William S key burn, W. H. Carpenter. I. J. Dohan. Aaron Gans. Swinging a heavy capital, controlled by founders and pro- 
moters of unquestioned ability and integrity, ii has not only proved a pillar of strength in time of great financial necessity and fear, but has 
upheld and fostered the material interests of the entire mercantile and manufacturing community. Its watchwords have been prudence and 
economy— prudence in investments, economy in expenses of handling business— and from these two walls of strength has sprung a solid 
arch of prosperity and profit. A hank so long established and having gone so far in its career with ever-growing success is naturally an 
assurance of permanency, but there is more than mere ■ solidity," as the word goes, which lias contributed to its prosperity and popularity 
Although founded upon a i ock, it has each twelve months been raised above the level of the year before, and now has a surplus fund of 

$3 \\ nh undivided profits of $18,017.22: while its individual deposits average upwards of $1,500,000, and its loans and discounts over 

$2,000,000. The Union National does a regular legitimate banking business in deposits, loans, collections and exchange, receiving the 
accounts of banks, bankers, corporations, firms and indrt iduals on the most favorable terms; discounting choice commercial paper, making 
loans on approved collateral, dealing in foreign exchange, issuing drafts and letters of credit, handling first -class securities and making col- 
lections on all available points through its numerous correspondents, who include the Chemical National, First National and Hanover 
National Banks, ut' New York: and the National Bank of Illinois, of Chicago. A valuable and increasing list of patrons is drawn to its 
counters, the ability of the management and the high standing of the officers and directors giving every guarantee of the intelligent con- 
servation of all interests committed to its care. The executive officers are gentlemen with whom it is always a pleasure to do business. 
President Faust has filled that position with honor and credit since 1864, and is known and esteemed as one of our solid, substantial citizens 
and most experienced business men. The cashier, Mr. Carpenter, has been in the banking business for a period of twenty-eight years, being 
with the Penn National Bank previous to connecting himself with this institution, in 1883, and is a financier of tried ability, wide acquaint- 
ance ami high repute, while the board of directors commands the esteem and confidence of the entire community. 



F. RIESER. Specialist in Butter, and Sole Agent for Hitter's Creamery Butter, No. 115 New Market Street.— In the whole 
range of commercial enterprise as exhibited in the business resources of Philadelphia, there is no department of more 
importance than that devoted to the commission trade in country produce, and among the most enterprising of the houses 
engaged in this line is that of A. F. Rieser, situated at No 115 New Market Street. Mr. Rieser began business five years ago 

on Callowhill Street, and has I u at his present address since 1889. The premises are provided with cold storage and all 

requisite facilities, and a large, superior stock is at all times carried. Mr. Rieser is sole agent for Bitter's butter and cream, 
the creamery being at Hamburg. Berks County, Pa.; he is also agent for many other creameries throughout the State. A leading special! \ 
is made of butter and eggs, the choicest the market affords being kept for sale. An active demand is supplied and all orders are filled at 
lowest current rates. Mr. Rieser is a native of Berks < lounty, Pa., hut lias long resided in this city. He holds a membership in the Produce 
Exchange, maintains an excellenl position in the produce commission trade, and as a business man of integrity and enterprise is well 
qualified to hold his position in the commercial world 




5|H. T. WATERS & c<> Steam Broom and Whisk Works. No. 37 North Water Street.— The Steam Broom and Whisk Works 
of Wm. T. Waters & Co., at No. 37 North Water Street, is one of the oldest representatives of this industry in the 
Quaker City, and its superior products are shipped to all parts of Pennsylvania. New Jersey, Delaware, and the South, while 
some goods are exported to Scotland. The business was founded in 1S4^. by Wm. Cody & Co., the Co. being Mr. Waters. 
Mr. Cody retired in 1*7*. when the present firm was organized. Mr, Waters is a native of Trenton. N. J., and resides 
in Camden. The works are comprised in a five-Storied building,30 X 75 feet, in dimensions, and they are equipped with 

tirst-class machinery and labor-saving applia s, operated by steam-power, and employ ment is furnished a large force of hands. 

The firm manufacture all varieties of brooms, whisks and brushes, the goods all being made in the best and most durable manner The , 

also are general dealers in woodenware. broom handles, broom corn, wire, twine, cordage, etc., and are agents for MilHken's Parlor 

Pride '■ Enamel." A large stock is always kept on sale, and the trade is supplied at lowest prices. 




l<>2 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL P H 1 L A I ) L I P H I A 




v BROWN, Wholesale and Manufacturing Optician, No 784 Sansom Street 
Success in any department ol business depends to a very great extern upon 
the intelligence proficiency and ability which are brought to bear upon it 
i Tliis Is more particularly true and applicable to the fine and Intricate branches 
,ii trade such as that In which Mr. I> V. Brown is engaged. This gentleman 
established an office in this city, al No 7:u Sansom Street, in October, is;ii He has 
had twenty years' practical experience in the business, and is an expert manufacturer 
of optical goods i " grinds lenses and manufactures optical goods, representing also the 
Julius KinK Optical Company, of Cleveland, Ohio, and San Francisco, who also have a branch 
in Mexico, and wherever known enjoys the highest. reputation tor Brst class work. The 
premises utilized comprise two floors, supplied with all necessary machinery operated bj steam 
power, and a corps of expert workmen is constantly employed The trade of the house i 
wholesale exclusively, and dealers in this line should not fail to examine the goods and prices ol 
tins reliable manufacturer before leai ing oaders else* here His goods arc jusi what be repre 

scats them to lie and are popular wherever introduced, us is evidenced bj the facl that this 

house is Doted tor retaining Its customers for many years, when it is once given a fair trial. 

Special o| tical and retail work is .lone to order, Mr. Brown making it a personal dulv to See 

that all work leaving lus establishment Is optically correct, and he has on his list of patrons m inj 

prominent oculists throughout thi untry. Mr. Brown is a native of Massachusetts Inn lias 

been a resident Of this city nine \ours. liaving been identified with the optical prof sion for 
twenty years, and is highly esteeme 1 tor his honorable manner of conducting all transactions 

and f ir his marked ability as an optician. 





STKAl'li ,v CO.. Manufacturers of Grinding Mills, No. 3741 Filbert Si reel \ responsible and well know n bouse engaged 
in Philadelphia as manufacturers of grinding mills is that of A W Straub & Co., a name that has tor several years past 
been closely associated with one of the best, most durable and efficient Implements, known as the Quaker City Grinding 
Mill, "for grinding corn and cobs, feed and table meal," now on the market. These mills were Invented and patented 

bj Mr. Straub, and they have si i the severest practical tests for some ten years, holding their own against all other 

makes, and steadily growing in popularity and favorwithall classes of users. 1, The double reduction grinding disks 
used in this mill arc cast, of steel, cheaply renewed: perfectly interchangeable by any one in ten minutes. They are divided Into three per 
lions 1st, the saw toothed inner edge or eye, upon which are locale, I the conveyor tliirhls to draw in bet ween t be disks cool ail and 
crowding them through ihemill 2d, the bosomed space between the disks, which approach each other as they pass from the centre, is 

filled with furrows, running their knife edges front to cut i he grain inio tine sandy meal with i In- least power possible 3d, the s nd 

reduction is pro. I need upon Hie Hat m 1 1 er portion, which is covered with furrows running their inclined side front, causing the bard sandy 

meal lo roll back between the in, - L s of I lie furrows on opposite disks, causing a mashing, crushing or mellowing action upon I he meal. 

already cut line like corrugated rolls running al different speeds, thus producing a cooler, liner and softer meal than any iron null we have 
ever seen 2. The crushing saws are formed on a sleeve casl fast to the spindle with lead. No bolts to rattle oui anil pas~ through I be 
mill. :t. Tbe grinding case is east m um halves; they each have a babbitted journal bearing casl fast to it: acone shaped projection 
front end contain- the cob cutting saws, anil a recessed space at I he back end is provided w it 1 1 an eccentric to dam/el the fi ed shoe 'I'll ere 
are three discharging openings one upon eithei sideand one downward But one half of thecase is bolted to the legs, Leaving theother 
free fm quick removal to examine or renew the grinding disks l The traming-ring is turned true on face side, and lias the bed disk bolted 
to it The ring is upon a universal joint, free in move every way except revolve with the running disk; hence the grinding faces are always 
i el lined in pe. feel line to each Other. 5. The spindle is of steel, with button between us hardened cud and the temper screw li 1 1 . B 
cutter head i which carries the running disk), cob cutting saws, eccentric, pulley and lly wheel. II. The bridge tree is provided with a spring 

al one end to yield and allow the disks lo separate if an iron spike, by accident, should enter the mill. T. The three discharges] is 

are provided with tin covers, allow ing the desired one to be opened either side or downward. 8. The lens support the from bah ol 
case only, leaving back half free for removal '.). The damzel is formed with a malleable casting and two steel plates, between which the 
eccentric works to shake the feed shoe at the top end of bar. 10.. The hopper has a valve in front to control thequontit] ol cram fed into 
,„,. ]IU || |,, ,|„. feed shoe 11. The pulley is ovemeckeil, allowing the bell to approach from any angle and be removed w illiout unlacing. 

1° The cob crashing hopper has a sliding apron in front, and a perpendicular back, to cause the cobs to fall at end and slide al the 

other into tin- crushing chamber without bridging, li. The anti-friction metal button has an oil hole through which the oil circulates to 
cool ii ami cud of spindle. II. The temper screw, io regulate the degree of fineness required, 15. The jam nut lever, to secure 'be temper 
screw after properly set. al. Dam between the crushing chamber and grinding disks p. regulate the How of cobs p. sun ihe power used. 
._,.,_ ).;„ |, ic to Shake the feed shoe The firm was established twenty- live years ago by the present proprietors, Who are thoroughly pa. 

tical mechanics. Mr. Straub is the inventor and manufacturer of Straub'e Sub-aqueous Tunnel (patented April 2, lss'.u, tor water pipes, 
pedestrians, vehicles and steam or other railways The premises, situated al No. 37 tl Filbert Si reel, are spacious and well arranged, and are 

iniu equipped with improved mechanical appliances and accessories pertaining to this special branch ol industrj a large! of skilled 

workmen being there regularly employed. At the World's Columbian Exposition they will exhibit in the Agricultural Building their nulls 
grinding gram, and in vile all lo call and Investigate who are interested in the state of the an. Tie, have also asked for permission to 
exhibit by drawings and models Straub'e system of " Sub-aqueous Tunneling," also their " Improved Metal Railroad Cross ins. for full 
investigal No trouble to show them to any interested party; please call upon them for further particulars. 

liCOB ROBENSTONE, Diamond Setter, Manufacturer of Fine Diamond Hountingsand Fancy Rings, No us South Seventh 

Street The gentleman whose name beads this sketch is a manufacturer of the finest diamond i intlngs and fancy 

rings of various and unique designs and of the verj best quality; and all orders placed with this flourishing firm ar rtaln 

to be handled in ihe most judicious and thoroughly capable manner Tl eh Mr. Rubenstone i- comparative!] 

man. he has bad si, inn I, practll 'I I I ! " rienoc in all branches Of Ihe trade, extending over a period ..f s Ighteen years. 

A large araounl of business is transacted with the trade, Bpciet) badges are made to order, and a large an nt of jobbing of 

nil kinds is carried on by a corps of experienced and ipetent workmen lie- raised an trade receiving special attention al ins hands. 

The business bus ii established eight years, and ihe large patronage i' rded is a valuable tribute to the popularity ol tfa i m; trade 

,,.l ,, 5 being maintained throughout the whole Middle and Southern States. .Mr. Rubeni tone was born In Qermanj and has resided la 

Philadelphia al t fifteen years. 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



163 




EO. W. CROUCH, Successor to J. Becber, Horse Collar Manufacturer and Dealer in Neat's foot Oil, Etc., No. 245 Race 
Street.— The oldest establishment of the kind in the Quaker City is that of Mr. Geo. W. Crouch, manufacturer of horse col- 
lars and harness, at No. 345 Race Street. This house was originally founded in 1840 by Jas. Becber. The firm later became 
Becher & Albright, and after that Becher & Shunie, who continued at the head of affairs up to 1880, when Mr. Crouch suc- 
ceeded to the control. Mr. Crouch entered the bouse thirty-five years ago, when a lad eleven years old, and he learned his 
tradehere. He was born at West Farms, New York State, but has resided in this city for the past forty years, and is well and 



favorably known in the community. He 
organizations, being Past Sachem of 
Chancellor of Pennsylvania, Aurora 
Chief St. George Castle, State of Penn- 
member Schuyler Council, 1174. American 
Council No. 9. Legion of the Red Cross; 
Loan Association; Junior Warden Phila- 
delphia Conclave No. 8. K. .4' R. C. of C: 
Temple, A. A. O. N. of M. S, : Past Master 
High Priest of T. B. Freeman Chapter, 
of St. John Commandery No. 4, Knights 
Lodge, No. 383, I. O. O. F. He is also a 
war lie served with the 213th Regt.. Penn. 
pied for business purposes consist of a four- 

in dimensions, which is admirably equipped with all conveniences, 
line of harness, making a leading specialty of horse collars. 



is prominently identified with numerous 
Peqnod Tribe, I. O. Red Men; Past Grand 
Lodge. Knights of Pythias; Past Grand 
sylvania, Knights of the Golden Eagle; 
Legion of Honor; Past Officer Crescent 
Secretary of the Lehigh Building and 
delphia Consistory, A. and A. S. Rite; Phila- 
Kensington Lodge, No. 5, K. of B. ; Lu Lu 
A. Y. M. Richmond Lodge, No. 330: Past 
No. 843, R. A. R. ; Past Eminent Commander 
Templar, and Past Grand Cohocksink 
member of Post 03, G. A. R. During the 
Volunteer Infantry. The premises occu- 
story and basement building, 35 x 100 feet 
Mr. Crouch employs about twenty hands, and manufacturesa general 
He also deals in neat's-foot oil, etc. A heavy stock is at all times 






carried of first-class goods, and orders of any magnitude meet with prompt fulfillment. 

HAS. W. LANDELL, < Hazed Kid Maker. Cuckoo Kid; Works, Fox and Collins Streets, Branches at Boston, Rochester and New 
York; Office and Salesrooms, Nos. 144and 146 North Fifth Street.— Within a comparatively recent period, the manufacture 
of glazed kid leather has grown to be an extensive and highly important branch of industry in this city; and it may be 
observed, too, that marked improvement has been made in the goods produced of late years. The products of some of our 
leading manufacturers have a national reputation, and in this connection special mention is due < has. W Landell, the widely- 
known glazed kid maker, whose office and salesrooms are at Nos. 144 and 146 North Fifth Street, with works at Fox and Col- 
lins streets. The "Cuckoo Kid " manufactured by this gentleman is an article of exceptional excellence, and is noted throughout the 
country. It is made from carefully selected and best available skins, in accordance with the most approved process, and is unsurpassed 
for elegance of finish or durability. The works cover half an acre of ground, and are perfectly equipped. The facilities are first-class in all 
ivs| ts. and upward of 150 hands are employed at manufacturing. The quarters occupied on North Fifth Street are spacious and commo- 
dious, and a very large and fine stock is always kept on hand here to meet the requirements of the trade, which extends all overthe United 
St;it. s. The house is represented on the road by four or more salesmen, and has branches' in New York, Boston and Rochester. This 
flourishing business was established in 1888. Mr. Landell, who is a gentleman in the prime of life, was horn in this city, is a man of energy 
and enterprise, as well as of skill and experience, and has a thorough knowledge of the wants of the trade. 

r](.'HOENEWALD & STILLMAN, Manufacturers of General Brass Goods, No. 41 North Seventh Street.— This firm began busi- 
ness four years ago, and have since met with such substantial success that the trade that has been built up now extends all 
over the country. The copartners, Robert Schoenewald and Thomas C. Stillman, are thoroughly experienced business men. 
Mr. Stillman attends to the office work of the establishment, and Mr. Schoenewald, who is a brass founder and metal worker 
of eighteen years' experience, supervises the mechanical department. The premises, which comprise two doors, each 20 x 100 
feet m dimensions, are equipped with steam-power machinery, and employment is afforded twenty-five skilled workmen. As 

founders the firm turn out bronze and brass castings of every description, and execute brass finishing and metal spinning in all its branches. 

They also manufacture faucets for refrigerators and water-coolers, and metal spun toys of all kinds. 

RANK McNAMARA, Fashionable Hatter, Nos. 1619 and 1631 South Street— The largest hat and cap business on South Street is 
that conducted from Nos. 1619 and 1631 by Mr. Frank McNamara, who is the only retail hatter in the entire city of Philadel- 
phia that manufactures on the spot the whole of the goods sold, with the exception of straw hats. Thus, at least, one profit 
is saved, and the greatest satisfaction ensured alike as to reasonable prices, correct styles, fine quality, and thorough relia- 
bility, and, as a consequence, the house is now widely and favorably known for the genuine quality and satisfactory nature of 
its goods, and for strictly honorable methods in all transactions. The business was established at the same location by Mr. 
Michael McNamara in 1873. and two years ago it came into the hands of his son. the present proprietor, who was brought up to this line of 
trade, and owns the building, Nos. 1619-1631 South Street. The store. 30x40 feet in area, is handsomely appointed in every detail, and eon- 
tains a large and very select stock of the finest grade of silk, stiff and soft felt, straw and other hats, and caps of the correct styles for the 
existing season. The factory, in the rear, consists of a three-story building, fully equipped for making all kinds of hats and caps, as well as 
for blocking, ironing and general repairing, six skilled hands being regularly engaged and ten during the busy season. Mr. Frank McNa- 
mara is a native of this city, and still a young man. 

ICHOLAS J. GRIFFIN. Successor to A. J. Gallagher & Son. and The Hamilton Distilling Company, Manufacturer of Alcohol and 
Cologne Spirits. Nos. 307 and 309 North Second Street.— The house now owned and directed by Mr. Nicholas J. Griffin has for 
the past two decades held a prominent place in its special branch of commerce. The business was founded twenty years 
ago by A. J. Gallagher & Son, who were succeeded by the Hamilton Distillery Company, and in 1888 Mr. Griffin became pro 
prietor. His thorough experience, added to his sound business ahility. has enabled him to greatly enhance the trade of the 
house and to increase its popularity with first-class dealers. The premises occupied comprise a double building, having five 
floors and basement, 45 x 135 feet in dimensions. Mr. Griffin is one of the distributors of the product of The Distilling and Cattle Feeding 
Company, distillers and rectifiers of alcohol and spirits, of which he makes a specialty. The active trade supplied extends to all parts of 
Pennsylvania. New Jersey, Delaware. New York, the South and the New England States. Orders are met at such liberal terms as to prove 
entirely satisfactory. Mr. Griffin is a member of the Drug Exchange of Philadelphia, a director of the Philadelphia Warehousing and Cold 
Storage Company. Board of Trade, Philadelphia Bourse, and other organizations. It should be mentioned that Mr. Griffin is also sole agent 
in the State of Pennsylvania for the " Orient " brand "f pure rye whiskey, winch is justly famed for its purity and general excellence. Mr. 
Griffin deals largely in all the other leading brauds of Eastern Rye Whiskey, both in bond and free— the goods being handled in bulk and 
sold only to wholesale dealers. 





164 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 




N. GREENLUND Watch' i ad Jewelry, Eyeglasses, Spectacles, Etc Mo 8358 i; ■ lass and 

thoroughly reliable city establishment that at once secured an enduring hold on the people oi this community is thai of 
Mr. B. N. Greenlund, dealer i.i watches, jewelry, etc., located at No. 8258 Ridge Avenue, Tins store was opened by the 
presenl proprietor in 1891, and from the first attracted attention and drew to ii self a patronage both substantial and Influ- 
ential. '■ I inremittingly increasing its custom since, The salesroom, 20 x 10 feel in dimensions, Is neatly and 
jvy^jagv admirably arranged, being fitted up with elaborate show-cases, counters etc and made attractive bj the eleganl manner 
in which the fine stock Is displayed, while in permanent attendance will be found two courteous and experienced assistants. In iin- large and 
ble assortment handled will be shown everything in the lineol gold and silver watches, of both foreign and domestic production 
ts of all kinds, diamoi I her preci >us stones, jewelry In the greatest varietj ol useful and ornamental articles, per and 
plated i .... teles and optic enerallj in each tepartment the stock has been most carefully selected from th< 
best manufacturers, and in everj instance is representative of all the latest novelties ■•! the daj in fashionable and desirable goods, while 

the prices quoted are placed at thelowest figures consistent with fair and equitable dealings. \ B] laltj is made ol repairing ^.met 

English and French watchesand clocks, also of all kinds of jewelry and silverware, and the work of this house is neatly and promptly 

ited in the highest ■ tr1 Mr. Greenlund, who is a native of Warren, this State has resided in Philadelphia since 1885. and is 

a practical and experienced watchmaker and jeweler of the highest standing in the trade, whose permanence and prosperity stand assured. 




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A.rcb Street, West op Thirteenth: Strej i i v>i 

tLTEM \T\ Gt enhouse and Bedding Plants, No W48 i □ Avenue. The headquarters for greenhouse 

and I.-- id milt plants in this section ol o 1648 Germantown a, venue, the well-known establishment of Wolte 

mate Brothers. This if and leading floral depot in Germantown, and has been in existence for the past fortj -four 

years The firm at ind dealers in plants and shrubs, general florists and landscape gardeners, and their patron- 

age Is of a substantial and influential character. This business was established In 1848, bj Henrj C Woltemate, on whose 
1 his widow assumed control and conducted it up to 1887, when it passed into the hands of her sons, 
', llliam Waltemate. \t this period the present firm-name wa tnd under this styli continued without 

change, although one of the brothei ed by death, in 1801. The quarters occupied as ofl anhouses are 

a 'lions, finely fitted upend perfectlj equipped, and a large staff of help Is employed \ | nd hothouse 

Is constantly on hand, a firm b latest acquisil Bedding plants, shrubs, etc . are furnished and 

plants petent men. cut flowi supplied i made to order In appropriate designs at abort 

notice, and de irnlshed for all occasions, while ning is attended to inthe most prompt and superior manner, 

All orders receive immediate attention and the prices charged bj thefirn onable, everj faction being 

assured 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



165 






ILL1.YM II ALL & CO., Manufacturers of Shoddy and Dealers in Woolen Rags and Shoddy Material; Office, No. 2:> North Front 
Street; Warehouse, No. 31 North Front Street; Factory, West Fernwood, Delaware County, Pa.— The largest and foremost 
representative of that important industry— the manufacture of shoddy— in Philadelphia, is the well-known house of William 
Hall & Co., whose office and salesroom is at No. 25 North Front Street. The splendid reputation which this establishment 
bears is sufficient to entitle it to special notice in any work bearing on the commercial resources of the Quaker City. The 
business was founded in 1867 by Mr. William Hall, under the firm-name of William Hall & Co., which is still continued. Nine 
years ago his sons. Messrs. T. C. and John H. Hall, were admitted to partnership, and they are now the proprietors, their father having died 
in 1888. Both gentlemen are natives of Philadelphia, active members of the Trades' League, and are familiarly known in financial and busi- 
ness circles. The quarters occupied are comprised in a tour story building, '-30 x 10 feet in dimensions. The firm also have a warehouse at 
No. 31 Front Street, a five-storied structure, 25 x 40 feel in area. At West Fernwood, Delaware County . Pa., they have a shoddy factory. 
The plant is a large one, equipped with first-class machinery, including seven pickers and eighteen carding machines, and steam supplies 
the driving power. The Messrs. Hall are manufacturers of shoddy, and dealers in woolen rags and shoddy material, and they command a 
heavy trade in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, New York, and New England. The heavy stock at all times carried, and their long- 
established facilities, enable the firm to meet all orders at exceptionally favorable terms. 

M. KAUPP. Steam-power Book and Job Printer, No. 208 New Street. — A leading and successful printing house in this busy 
locality is that which is under the efficient management and direction of Mr. J. M. Kaupp. Located at No. 208 New Street. 
Twelve years ago this business was originally founded by the present proprietor, who has since sustained a well-deserved 
reputation for the superior excellence of the work turned out, both in the English and German languages and prompt and 
' reliable methods of dealing. For three years past the present apartment in this building has been occupied and this, which 
has the dimensions of 20 x 30 feet is equipped in the most approved manner, the outfit embracing three job presses driven 
by steam-power, all the latest styles in type, etc., and employment is afforded a force of five t-xpt-rirneed hands. Everything in the line 
of books and job printing is here executed in the most prompt, accurate and careful manner, the facilities of this house for doing all 
kinds of work being of the best, and are equal to all demands that are made upon it. Satisfaction is guaranteed in every instance, and 
all orders receive immediate attention, while the most reasonable rates consistent with the superior style of the workmanship at all 
times prevail Mr. Kaupp's trade extends throughout this entire city, and is both permanent and influential in character, while 
business relations established with him cannot fail to be satisfactory in every instance, as in dealings with customers he has ever been 
found prompt, reliable and decisive. He is a member of the F. and A. M.. and a number of German social organizations. A native of 
Germany, Philadelphia has claimed him as a resident for the past fifteen years. 

AXTIMORE AND PHILADELPHIA STEAMBOAT COMPANY, Office No. 28 South Delaware Avenue.— One of the most pop- 
ular water routes for excursionists from Philadelphia is that furnished by the Baltimore and Philadelphia Steamboat Com- 
pany, (Ericsson Line), to Baltimore via the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal. This is the oldest propeller line in the world, 
having beeu in operation for a period of fifty-five years, and has its offices at No. 204 Light Street, Baltimore: and No. 28, 
South Delaware Avenue. Philadelphia. The company own five steamers, to wit: the "General ( adwallader,*' "Rich Wilt- 
ing," •" Elizabeth. " H. L. Gow," and "John S. Shriver." All have large and greatly improved passenger accommodations, 
affording every comfort to their patrons, and are lighted throughout by electric lights and heated by steam, while choice meals with all 
substantial and delicacies are served in fine style. These steamers leave Philadelphia and Baltimore every day at 5 p.m., except Sundays 
and holidays, arriving at each port the following morning. Weather permitting, landings will be made at Betterton (both ways' daily, and 
on Mondays, Thursdays and Saturdays (both ways), at Reybold's Wharf, and Town Point Wharf. Betterton is the best fishing-ground in the 
country. Anglers can here take the succulent white perch and other choice fish during the months of July. August and September. Its fish- 
ing facilities are inexhaustible, while it is also a very pleasant place /or a picnic or a holiday or vacation sojourn. It has a fine hotel, and 
plenty of boats, fishing tackle and experienced guides are furnished at short notice. Scores of parties and clubs were organized this 
season for trips to these and other .Maryland fishing aud hunting grounds, via the Baltimore and Philadelphia Company's line. Excursion 
tickers to Baltimore or to Betterton from this city are sold for $2, good for ten days; while excursion tickets are also for sale to and from 
all way landings and special excursion rates are given to parties and clubs by applying at the office. The trip takes one into a great region 
for wild duck and terrapin, and as wild geese aud turkeys also abound here plentifully the sport of gunning, next to fishing, is practiced by 
the hundreds of visitors Freight and baggage are called for and delivered to all parts of tht- city by applying at this office, and orders by 
telephone. No. 822. receive immediate and careful attention. Mr. F. S. Groves, the agent in charge, succeeded to the control on the death 
of his father, A. Groves, Jr.. in 1891, and is thoroughly conversant with all the wants and requirements of the public. 

LAWYERS & CO., Fruit and Produce Commission Merchants. Peaches. Pineapples, Raspberries, Florida Oranges, Strawberries; 
York State Grapes a Specialty in their Season. No. 121 Callowhill Street.— No commercial interest of the Quaker City is of 
more paramount importance than that of the fruit and produce trade, in which immense operations are carried on. An old, 
established concern engaged in this hue is that of Sawyers & Co., situated at No. 121 Callowhill Street. This house was 
founded seventeen years ago, by the senior proprietor, Mr. James Sawyers, at the corner of Second and Poplar Streets, 
from whence he moved to Nos 331 and 333 Water Street, and from the latter place to the present addresssix years ago. Here 
the premises consist of a three-story building, provided with all conveniences for the satisfactory conduct of the trade in hand. Messrs. 
Sawyers &Co. are general commission merchants and wholesale dealers in foreign and domestic fruits and produce of all kinds, and are in con- 
stant receipt of consignments from New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland. Virginia, Ohio and Indiana, receiving goods in carload 
lots. Liberal advances are made to consignors, when required, and promptness and reliability are assured in every instance. Mi'. Sawyers 
is a native of England, but has resided twenty years in this city, while Mr. John C. Cook, who has been a member of the firm for the past two 
years, was formerly in the employ of Mr. Sawyers and is <■■ mversant with all the details of the trade. They receive goods direct from first 
hands, and their experience and comprehensive knowledge of the wants of this market, prove of invaluable benefit to both producers and 
consumers. 

i d'.ERT WAREHAM. (Late Foreman for Edmund Draper, Deceased). Manufacturer of Engineers' and Surveyors' Instruments, 
No. in-,' Locust Street.— Mr. Robert Wareham lias a national as well as a local reputation for the manufacture of instruments 
for engineers and surveyors. The business was established by Edmund Draper over fifty years ago. Mr. Wareham entered 
the employ of Mr. Draper in his boyhood and was with him for nearly forty years. He gained a thorough knowledge of the 
business and for many years was foreman of Mr. Diaper's establishment. On Mr. Draper's death in 18S^, Mr. Wareham 
succeeded t" the business, which he still carries on. He has a large local trade besides filling orders from ah parts of the 

United States He makes all kinds of instruments for engineers and surveyors and gives particular and prompt attention to repairing. 

An important specialty of bis manufacture is the Philadelphia Levelling rod. Draper's pattern, which is known to surveyors all over the 

country. 





100 



HISTORICAL \\h ( ;i I M \\ E R CI A I. PHILADELPHIA. 





. HOBENSACK'B MEDICAL INSTITUTE, No 806 North Second Street.- From earliest li s the art tbsl alleviates and 

)ui m im,I Urals Ih.' a III 1 1 -l. 1 1 has beer, just y regarded as among the highest a n- 1 noblesl • ,t human functions And in 

■ ipcciou « nil these observations, it v ill not be amiss to refer to Dr. Hobensack, the widely known and skilful physician of 

this city, u ho has accomplished many marvel ius cures at bis offices, No. S06 North s nd Street. These < Dices were es 

(ablished In I860 by Dr. .1 N. Hobensack, an eminent physician, who practl i the healing art till 1870, when his son Dr 

.1 H Hobensack, became his assistant, and father and son worked together till the death ol the former, which occurred in 
Since chat time l>r .1 B. Hobensack has become [anions (or his unequalled success in the cure of disease He Is i graduate ol the 

University ol Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and of the Eclectic College of Medicine at < lib ilnnati, as M.D He is a ml. or of the Cincinnati 

■■ion tr which hereceived a gold medal for investigating syphilis He is preceptor of Hns association, with the 

members of which be is very popular. He successfully treats special diseases, ror which be receives patients from ■ » 1 1 • verthe l nited States 
He treats personally and by mall, and all curable cases are guaranteed. A stair of experienced physicians, surgeons and specialists are 
always in attendance Di Hobensack is ablj assisted by Dr. R M Boekee, a graduate oif Jefferson Medical College class ol I88S, with the 
degree of M a. .. and of Central High School. He is a young man of ran- ability and skill, and has had a wide experience in the laboratory 
and in his profession as a physician Dr, Hobensack deals in all kinds of trusses, abdominal supporters, silk elastic hose, and all kinds of 
For correcting deformities, and surgical instruments of every description. He Is a middle aped gentleman, and one of the most 
famous physicians in the United states lie is a member of the Philadelphia County and Pennsylvania state Medical Society, 

IONQ VALLEY COAL COMPANY, Office, No 204 Walnut Place.— No Industrial interest of Pennsylvania Is of greater value 
and Importance than thai of coal mining, the quality of the best grades finding a ready and growing market all over the 
ci >ui i ii , Prominent among the miners and shippers of semi-bituminous coal stands the Long Valley Coal Company, whose 

nun's area: I g Valley. Bradford County, Pa., on the Barclay Railroad, nearTowanda, with offices at No. 804 Walnut Place, 

in this city and Towanda. This company was incorporated in 1879, under the laws of the sin,- of Pennsylvania, with a 
capital of J125.000 and is governed bythe following board ol directors— viz , .1 Raymond Claghom, President; Andrew 
Wbeeler. H. C Davis II II. Wilson, Anthony Taylor. C. B Claghom with E. O. Macfarlane, Superintendent, Treasurer The com 
piny's property comprises 3!MKi acres of land, situated on tbe Barclay Railroad, and their mines have an annual output of 100,000 tons of 
coal. The mines have been developed in ihe most approved and systematic manner, and shipments are made all along the lines oi the t;, ad 
ing system. The quality of the eoal here mined is equalled by few, aud no fuel proves more satisfactory or more economically sustains the 
processes of combustion. The lowest market prices are always quoted, aud the coal gives entire satisfaction whenever introduced and 
tested. President Claghom is also President of the State Line and Sullivan Railroad Company, and eminently fitted by experience and 
ability to successfully Lirect the affairs Of this enterprising corporation The treasurer. Mr. Macfarlane. is a well known citizen ol To- 
wanda, Pa., superintendent of the Barclay Railroad, and an efficient and popular official 

| ENRY R( IHNER, Si ssor to A. Kieseuetter & Co., Dealer in Fine Groceries, all Kinds of Foreign and Domestic cheese; 

Foreign Delicacies a Specialty , X E. Comer Fifth and Race Streets Philadelphia is not behind am oily in the world in 
the extent and magnitude of its grocery business, ami the enterprise which characterizes her representative firms in this 
branch of commerce is not excelled by any other city in the United states. One of the most reliable and popular 
houses engaged in this business is that of Henry Rohner, whose establishment is located at northeast corner of Fifth and 

Race Streets. This house stands at the head of tbe list in the tine gr ry line in the city. The business was established in 

I860 by A. Kiesewetter A: Co., the present proprietor, who had been with the boose fourteen years, succeeding to the control in lsim The 

house has long t n recognized by the best families in tbe city as dealing in the choicest foreign and domestic groceries and table luxuries 

brought to America, and no inferior goods are allowed to be sold The premises occupied comprise two buildings and a basement, 20x100 
feel ii. dimensions, elegantly equipped, which are slocked with an assortment of staple ami fancy groceries, table luxuries, etc . « bich have 
no superiors in this country or Europe, while the prices quoted are always regulated by the market Ten experienced and efficient assist 
ants arc employed, and all orders are promptly filled. Goods are delivered to all parts of the city free of charge, two wagons being em- 
ployed for that purpose The facilities of the house are in every way unsurpassed and the business has eve: been ,• I noted mi the enduring 

principles of equity Mr. Robner is an extensive importer of foreign tabl ■ delicacies, including all kinds of foreign cheese His trade, both 
wholesale and retail, is large and constantly increasing. 





■ OBFHT W. MARIS, Apothecary, X. E Corner Spruce and Tenth Streets. An important branch of the drug trade of Phila- 
delphia is the establishment of Robert w. Maris, located at the northeast corner of Sprue ami Tenth Streets This well 
known bouse «as tirst opened to the public in ls'iit ami has been com rolled by Joseph c Turnpenny. Samuel s Bunting 

and Howard Knight, the present proprietor succeeding to the control in 1890 'the sloi ccupied is one of the bauds est 

and best equipped in this seei ion of the City, and lias long been regarded as popular head quarters for all who esteem puril.v 
and excel]. -nee of stock, and enterprise and reliability of management A large and valuable stock is earned, consisting of 

pure drugs, chemicals, standard proprietary and family medicines, dyes and colors, essences and extracts, surgical appliances, toilet g Is 

and perfumery, fancy articles and holiday presents, besides that multitude of supplies , Ing under the head of druggists' sundries. The 

[.in. o and most reliable goods are bandied, and Mr, Marls puis up a line of specialties, moo - ins own tinctures, and is prepared at all times, 
day and aight, to give special attention to the filling of physicians' prescriptions At r Maris is a gradu ite of the Philadelphia College of 
I'hartn a member of the alumni association of the same, and has bad several veal's' experieno in ibis bus mess previous to 
taking control of this bouse All those favoring him with their patronage can be assu iving reliable _• Is and equitable prices 




IT. I. II: BROS. Packers of and Wholesale Healer, in See! T.ohI Tobacco and Importers of Havana and Sumatra; Ware- 
house, Lancaster, Pa : Store and Office, No. i it North Third Street Theoldesl concern in tbis city devoted to the whole- 
sale trad,- m leaf tobacco is thai of Teller Bros. Tins I ohm- was founded m is in i iv Raphael Teller, who, a term ol years 
iniined I.. partnership hi- brothers. Sol and David Teller. Th,- sen! ir member of the Arm, Raphael rellet 

six years ago: Messrs Sol and David Teller retired the first of Januarj . IS9 ' and they were - eded bj Lewis Tellei 

Sol. Teller in id Jacob Teller, sonol Rapl i teller. Both are natives ol this city, and active members of National Tobacco 

Dealers 1 Association and the Philadelphia Tobacco Trade Association, Mr. Lewis Teller has been In the firm twentj rears, Mr Jacob Teller 

ihe same, and ihev consequently possess a sound know ledge of the leaf tobacco trade In all Its branches. Tbe warebous icupled 1 

iloors. 20x136 feet in dimensions The firm also have a large packing bouse in Lancaster, Pa. Thej carrj onan extensive business as 

indwhol edleaf tobacco, and importers of Havana and Sumatra, Oneol the firm visits Havana twice a year where 

iin-v ii iv ! an extensive ws '-" 64 Cuba Street. A very heavy stock of Havana tobacco is at all limes to be found there. Tie ti ide 

of thi bouse extends all over tin- raited stales. The trade of the Western states, as vv-ii as the whole oi thai ..i \ew York State, i ablj 

represented by Mr. Samuel Alexander, who has beei nnected with the fli enyears. The Messrs. Teller Bros possess such superior 

facilities that thej are enabled to meet all orders up,,u tbe most satisfactory terms. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



167 




ATES& MATHIAS, Quaker Lily Whisk Broom Works. Also Manu- 
facturers of Plush Novelties and Triplicate Mirrors, Nos. 5, 7 and 
9 Arch Street.— The Quaker City Whisk Broom Works occupy a 
representative place among the industrial enterprises of this great 
trade center, and command an influential trade, extending over a 
widespread territory. The business was established fifteen years ago by 
R. H. Eastburn, and on January 1, 1892, the present proprietors came into 
possession, the copartners being J. K. Coates and Win. Mathias. Mr. Coates has 
had twenty years 1 experience in his vocation, and Mr. Mathias lias followed the 
business since boyhood. Both were formerly with the establishments of David 
Fell, and Fell & Eastburn. The business premises comprise a four-story building, 
50 x 100 feet in dimensions, and it is splendidly equipped with the most improved 
machinery, driven by steam-power. Employment is found for forty-five expert 
operatives, and the works have a weekly output capacity of 950 gross of whisk 
brooms. In addition to whisk brooms the firm manufacture a general line of plush 
novelties and triplicate mirrors, turning out a large variety of superiorgoods in these 
lines. A heavy stock is at all times kept on hand, and orders invariably meet with 
prompt fulfillment. Messrs. Coates and Mathias have won a measure of popular- 
ity, confidence, and respect in the commercial community second to no other in 
the same line, ami their present high standing in the trade renders further com- 
ment upon our par! superfluous. 



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COATES »«•> MAT HI AS 



UAKF.R CITY WHISK WORKS 



mm. 




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|HE INTEGRITY TITLE INSURANCE, TRUST AND SAFE DEPOSIT COMPANY, Southwest Corner of Fourth and Green 
Streets.— Real estate title insurance has passed beyond the field of debate and is now accepted by the public as an absolute 
necessity and one of the greatest value, affording the utmost security to owners of real estate and enabling them to buy, sell 
or effect loans with a degree of promptitude and satisfaction before unknown. The leading representative of this line of 
business in Philadelphia is The Integrity Title Insurance, Trust and Safe Deposit Company, whose offices are eligibly situated 
at the southwest corner of Fourth and Green Streets. This company was incorporated May SO, 1887, with an authorized capi- 
tal of $500,000 and is officered as follows, viz. : President, Jacob Rech ; first vice-president, Frederick A . Roth ; second vice-president and title 
manager, Chas. F. Ehrenpfort; secretary and treasurer, Herman Wischman; solicitor, Albert S. Letchworth; board of directors, George W. 
Vogler, physician; Frederick A. Poth, brewer; Philip Doerr, of Philip Doerr& Sons, carpet manufacturers; Chas. F. Ehrenpfort, convey- 
ancer; Thomas Y. England of England & Bryan, leather dealers; Frederick Orlemaiin. milk dealer; Jacob Roth, merchant tailor; George 
Nass, lumber merchant; Philip Spaeter, cooper: Charles Mahler, shoe manufacturer; Charles Herbst, of Jacob Berges & Co.. dyers; Jacob 
Rech. carriage builder; John F. Rau of Snowdon & Rau, coal merchants; Albert S. Letchworth, attorney-at-law : Chas. Roescli of Chas. 
Roesch & Sons, butchers; Chas. G. Berlinger, of Bellinger Bros., butchers; C. J. Heppe, pianos; Lewis Kramer, notions and hosiery; Philip 
Zaun, brewer; George Kessler. builder; Frederick Mayer, No. 431 Reed Street; C. Theis Weger, brewer; Levi H. Bell, of Samuel Bell & Sons. 
flour merchants; W'm. H. Rookstool, butcher: Albert Hellwig, of A. Hellwig & Co., dyers. These names speak for themselves, being those 
of representative citizens and leading business men, under whose sound and enterprising guidance this company is reaping a suitable reward 
in the development of a business of great magnitude and widespread influence. This company is perfectly prepared to examine and insure 
titles to real estate, the examinations being made by a well-organized law department with a board of eminent counsel at the head, and 
promptly attends to all the details pertaining to the buying, selling and renting of real estate: acts as surety, administrator, trustee, etc.: 
collects rents, dividends, interests, etc.; loans money on mortgages and on good collateral, payable in installments, and keeps the choicest of 
first mortgages on hand for sale. No company is so thoroughly prepared to promptly examine and guarantee the title to realty, while its 
guarantee is one of hard cash and honorable management. It may truly be said that the company has revolutionized the methods of real 
estate transfer and so simplified the question and thrown such positive safeguards around the titles to all realty on which it issues policies 
thai transactions therein can now be effected with as much ease and at as little expense as those in stocks or bonds. This company also 
operates a thoroughly organized banking department and a savings bank; receives money on deposit in the one, subject to check on sight 
ami allowing two per cent, interest, and in the other any amount from $1 upward at three per cent. It likewise rents boxes for the safe keeping 
of valuables, in burglar and fire-proof vaults, guarded by latest improved time locks, for $5 upwards yearly. The company is solidly pros- 
perous, having a surplus fund of $60,000 with undivided profits amounting to $34,797.53, while their deposits average over $800,000 and 
resources upwards of $1,300,000. The secretary and treasurer, Mr. Wischman, gives his entire time and attention to the promotion of the 
pany's interests and is an accomplished and faithful official, a native Philadelphian and deservedly popular with the patrons of this rep- 
res, ■ i it ;, t ive institution. 




jpK< » FRESHELL, Druggist, No. 3520 Haverford Avenue.— An old-established and thoroughly trustworthy house engaged 
in the drug businesss on Haverford Avenue, which has always maintained a most enviable reputation for superior 
goods and service, and honorable business methods, is that of Mr. Geo. Freshen. This establishment has been in suc- 
cessful existence for a most extended period of time, and thirteen .years ago the present proprietor succeeded In-. H 
\\ , Siddell in the management and direction of its affairs. The commodious and well-appointed store occupied is 
neatly and handsomely fitted up with oak fixtures, electric-light, plate-glass show cases and windows, etc., and at all 
times it presents one of the most attractive features of Ibis neighborhood. It is fully stocked with a large and first-class assortment of 
pure and fresh drugs and chemicals, pharmaceutical preparations, proprietary remedies of established merit, mineral waters, liquors. 
surgical instruments, toilet and fancy articles, perfumery, etc.. in short, everything to be found in a well-regulated metropolitan phar- 
macy. Special attention is given to the compounding of physicians' prescriptions and family recipes, and all the best appliances have 
been provided t.i secure accuracy and precision in their preparation, which is performed at all hours of the day or night, and two 
reliable assistants are employed in constant service. Mr. Freshen is a thoroughly competent, experienced and legally registered 
pharmacist, who has been identified with this profession for nearly a quarter of a century, and his patronage is extremely large and 
»f the most inlluentialoharacter. He was horn at Portsmouth, Ohio, but has long been a resident of this city and has attended the Phil- 
adelphia College of Pharmacy and is a member of the Apothecaries 1 Union here. 



I liS 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 





Ki'Hi i; HAGEN 4 CO, Manufacturers ig?Dta ror the Sale of tobacco, Etc.. No I I North Front SI eel fwentj Bve 

years o( uninterrupted prosperitj Bums upln brie historyol the well known arm of Arthur Hagen ,v Co., manufai 

turere' agents tor the sail ibai tc No ' '■ North From Street This is on he oldest I ses "i the kind In the el«a 

and maintains an i xceUenl reputation In the trade II > ■- establish n 1661 by artbur Hagen, « n lucted " alone up 

tillaboul 1812, when betook into partnership H. C. KUis, Thej are general agents for S. W. Venable Pol loCorapanj 

Petersburg, Va., an. I Harry Weissinger Tobacco Company, Louisville. K.v . an. I Bell to jobbers througl I Pi nnsylvania, New 

leraey De ware and adjacent States, doing a large business. They occupy rour floors and employ t> clerks and salesmen > largi 

stoclcof niip- tobacco constantly kepi on hand here. The firm is prepared to All orders tor anything in the line indicated ... the I tavoi 

able terms quoting manufacturers prices; and relations once I id with this old and re le house are likelj i ilead toanei 1ng busi 

neas connection Messrs. Bagenand Ellis are members ol the Board ol Trade and also ..i the Bourse. 

ILLIAM KINtt & CO.. Wholesale Gr :rs, Ni - U'i an. I 849 North Second Street, and Nos. 188 lo 142 New Street -The whole 

sale trade in multifarious food products comprehended under 

tli,. general bead of groceries constitutes, as It scarcely need be 

-ai.l an exteusli e ami highly important branch of cot ireial 

ttctivit] inthlsbusy metropoUs Engaged in the line indicated, 

Phila lelphia has a number of solid and substantial Anns, prom- 
Inent among them being that of >lrs-is William King & Co., whose establish- 
ment is eligibly located at Nos. 24i and 849 North Second Street, and Nos. 138, 
140 and ii- New Street This is the oldest as well as the largest house in its line 
in this section of this city, having been founded in is.-,; by William King, the 
present Arm being organized in 1880 bj the admission ot Mr. Woolston Brown 
i,, p trtnership. The business premises comprise a three story building, snxioo 

reel m di nslons, and a four story warehouse, of the same size, every 

department being complete and well ordered and splendidly stocked at all i s. 

a vast, varied and exceptionally tine assortment of g is is here displayed, in- 
cluding a till'- selection .if staple and fancy gn .err.es and s[ieiiailies; prominent 

among the varied tine ■* tin- direct Importation of Private Growth old Govern- ' 
men! Java coffee and their famous brand of King's Choice Corn, choice California fruits, canned, dried and evaporated. Only strictly thst class 
l'oo.is are bandied, every article sold being fully warranted, while the prices quoted are the very lowest consistent with quality, the mosi 
liberal inducements being offered to the trade, and the business of the house is brisk and lively in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and 
ad joining states. Mr. King came to this city in 1854. and is a true type of 'he energetic, persevering, si If made men who have done s. > mu ;b 
to build up the commerce of this community. Mr Brown is a native Pennsylvanian, connected with this house since 869, and both are mem 
bers of the Wholesale Grocers' Association, and the Grocers' aud Importers' Exchange, and expert authorities in tins spt cial I n h of trade 



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1RANK W. STANTON .v CO., Importers and Commission Merchants in Foreign and Domestic Fruits; Bananas a Specialty; 
No. 14 Vine Street.— The reraai kable growth of the win legale commission trade in fruits in PbiladeJi hia during the pasl 
twenty years has placet! it in a position and given it ;i pr< minence thai >s ,i matter Cor most favorable comment, and 
demands the fullest consideration in this volume. A recently establisbe I bouse engaged in 'Ins i ranch -it industry is that of 
Frank W. Stanton & Co , located at N.. 1 1 Vin- Street, Mr Stanton inaugurated his enterprise in January, 1 892, but prior 
to that had had ten years experience in the trade, having been connected with such prominenl banana importers as the 
Baltimore Fruit Company, of which lie was the secretary aud treasurer, and was also manager "i the Merchants' Fruit Company, aud was 
also connected with Messrs. Warner \ Merritt for some tine* .Since beginning opt rations on Ins own account he has nici n it b the si sub- 
stantial success, building up within n short time a large, rapidly growing trade throughout Pennsylvania. New York and New Jersey Con- 
signments '.re received largely from Pennsylvania, New York. New Jersey. Delaware, Jamaica, Central America, add the South generally. 
Mr Stanton is an importer of and commission merchant in foreign and domestic fruits, making a leading specialty of bananas, of \\ bich he 
is a very heavy shipper: also of oranges and lemons, and is a direct importer of cocoa nuts The premises used for business purposes con 
sist of a four ^tory ami basement building. -.'.kx'OO feci m dimensions. The basement ami sec. .ml floor contain banana ripening rooms, a 
large stock is carried, and orders from the trade are promptly met at satisfactory terms The el ?ments of success exhibited in the growth of 
this business are clearly indicated in the personal characteristics of the proprietor, wbose natural capabilities have found an admirable outlet 
in the prosecutr d of a work in which he has already acquired an em iable reputation. 

j. SNYDER. Rubber Goods, No. £5 South Second Street The well known house of Hi. L. Snyder was established tiytbat 
gentleman fourteen years ago, and after a tune hi- brother was admitted to partnership, but retired In 1891, The premises 

utilized for the business comprise a floor and basement, 20x100 feet in dimensions, and a large stuck of rubber i is 

received direct from the best manufacturers is kept constantly on ha mi. w inch includes rubber, leather and cotton belling, 
for driving, conveying and elevating; rubber, cotton and linen hose, for water, steam and acids, and rubber, plumbago 
and asl estoe packing for pistons and joints The firm an- agents for Metropolitan Cnjeotors the simplest cheapest and 
test in the market; also for the Brooklyn Leather Belting < Jompany, manufacl urers of shoit lap oak leather belting oulj ; For the Keystone 
Raw Hide Lace Leather, cut and in sides; Taper Sleeve Pulley Works, solid and split wot [pulleys; the Peerless Vitrified Emery Wheels, 1 e 
best iu the market; and other specialties are added Prom time to time as i hey are placed on the market. Several competenl assistants are 
employed Mr Snyder is a native of Philadelphia, and an honorable and reliable g mtleman, 

I AMKs MORONEY, Importer and Wholesale Dealer in Fine w Ines and Liquors, Nos, SI*! and 819 Walnut Street. For close 
upon half a century the well known h iuse of James Bioroney, importer and wholes tie dealer in w ines and liqui rs, Nos 
And 819 Walnut Street, has been In existence, and ins always maintained an excellent reputatit u In I tie 1 1 ad< . it is one of 
the oldest and mosi reliable establishments of the kind in Philadelphia, and for the past forty seven \ ears Ins bei □ con 
dm- ed at the present location with uninterrupted success The business waf established in 184.1 by John I Mi tt who carried 
,ni the same up to 1*1 : . when he died and « as succeeded i>\ the pre -v. m proprietor, Mr, Moroney, who is a gentleman ol 
middle age active ind energetic, and pas born in Ireland but has been in this city for manj ye rs He is a man of thorough experience in 

this line, well and favorably known in the trade and bas been c mnected with this time honored house since |R5S Mr. Mor j in port 

direcl handling the flneet goods, and has a large and flourishing business throughout Penosy Ivania. Southern New Jersey, Delaware and the 
States adjoining. He occupies commodious premises and keeps on hand always a large, flrsl class stock, which Includes pure, ■ od 
Imported and domestic n ines, brandies, l-ius. whiskeys, rums, cordials, bitters and everything In the line of liquors, Hue old native w hiskej s. 

being ' specially Goods are bottled to order, also, and quality and quantity are guaranteed Dealers ami largi osumers are supplied 

on the most favorable terms, the lowest pi ssible prid b being quoted I > trade, and ill or lers are prompt!} and carefully filled, 





HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



16!) 




(iUENTHER, General Upholsterer, Fine Furniture, Curtains, Window-Shades, Etc., Nos. 3729 and 8731 Lancaster Avenue 
Among tile representative : i n. 1 enterprising business men of tins community, special mention should be made of Mr. F. 
Guenther, general upholsterer and manufacturer of furniture, etc., who enjoys an enviable reputation throughout the 
trade. In 1877 Mr. Guenther first embarked in this business for himself on Thirty-seventh Street, but twelve years ago 
he took up his stand on this popular thoroughfare, where he occupied one store up to 1886, when the necessities of the trade 
becoming such as to require more room, he also took possession of the premises next door. This commodious and well- 
appointed establishment, which comprises three floors and a basement, is provided with all the requisite appliances, tools and facilities for 
the successful prosecution of the work- engaged in, and steady employment is furnished to four skilled and experienced workmen. A sp.- 
cialty is here made of tine upholstered furniture of everj description to order, also of curtains, window-shades, etc.. while particular attention 
is also given to upholstering ami repairing of all kinds, and only first-class work is executed lien., being invariably performed in the highest 

style of the art at the lowest isistent prices All orders are promptly and reliably filled, and the fullest satisfaction is guaranteed in 

every instance, while a splendid patronage is enjoyed, so that the general business transacted by Mr. Guenther amounts to a most pros- 
perous annual aggregate. Born in Germany, he has resided in Philadelphia for the past twenty-one years, and he is widely known as a 
thoroughly practical and experienced upholsterer, being a master of all branches of the trade. 




South Broad Street. 




SHERIDAN'S CANTON TEA STORE. No. 31150 Lancaster Avenue.- Among the most conspicuous and reliable business houses 
of its kind in Philadelphia, that known as Sheridan's Canton Tea Store is particularly worthy of special recognition in the 
trade. This business was originally inaugurated by Mr. Tims F. Sheridan in iss.-j at the present address and has 

since been conducted by him with uniform su ss anil prosperity. This store, 30 x SO feet in dimensions, is attractively 

appointed throughout and appropriately arranged with every convenience and facility necessary for the handling of the 

stock and systemati induct of affairs, while the working force comprises six efficient assistants and a delivering team. 

This is, undoubtedly, one of the most popular and best patronized 1 ses of the kind in this seel ion and it has achieved a wide reputation for 

the superior character and uniform excellence of its goods, which embraces the finest importations of all kinds of teas put upon the market, 

also fragrant coffees and spices, of which commodities this establisl m makes a hailing specialty. The proprietor is an excellent judge 

of the various articles dealt in, and he is always prepared to offer the best inducements to his patrons in the way of reliable goods, at fair 
and reasonable prices, successfully competing with any other merchants in the city. All orders receive immediate attention, being promptly 
Ailed and delivered, free of charge, and a large permanent and flourishing trade has been developed. Mr. Sheridan has been actively identi- 
fied with this business for the past twenty-five years, and he is well and favorably known throughout the city of his adoption as an upright, 
honorable and responsible tradesman. He is a popular member of the Ret ad Grocers' Association of Philadelphia. 



L70 



HISTORICAL ANIJ COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 





B. LEE & SON, Wli.. |. -.,!.■ and Retail Dryf od r 

Notions, !in gs, Ladies*, Cieuts' and Children's, 

Furnishing Goods and Clothing, Hats, Caps, I QQbrellat 
and Wei Weather Garments, Nos 1047, 1049, and 1051 
1 Lancaster Avenue, No B66 Preston Street, West Phila- 
delphia.- The exter, Ivi dryg Is establishuient of 

Messrs. J. B. Lee ,v Sun. situated at the address given above 
conspicuous by its turret, staff and flag bearing the word Lee's, 1 

i i\ recognized as headquarters hereabouts for the most n 
grades of quality a( fair and reasonable prices in each of the several 
lines oi goods dealt in, and it is now the center of a retail trade 
.>r considerable volume and significance Tins important and pro n 
sive enterprise was initiated i'.\ Mr .1 B. Lee and Ins s.-n. Mr. Presto 

B Lee, En 1876 small store al the corner of Thirtj -seventh Street 

and Haverford Avenue, and since the decease of the worth} senior 
March, 1890, Mr. Preston B.Lee has had entire control of affairs Ever 
since its inception, the house hasenjoyed an unbroken record of pros- 
perity and steadily increasing patronage, which is mainly attributable 
to the sterling principles of fair and honorable trading rigidly adhered 

to, the salt- of g ii»' and reliable g Is at commensurate prices being the chief characteristic Tims. m 1882 the increased trade essi- 

tated more lodious quarters and a removal was effected to Nos. 3925 to 898" Lancaster Avenue and in 1889 the present handsome empo- 
rium was erected. The whole premises now occupied consist of four spacious double stores and tl ntire basement, 68 feet on Lancaster Ave 

nne. 25 feel on Preston Street and 160 feel deep; the latesl improvements being provided, such as patent east, railroad s\ stem, eleetrie.lif.-hts. 
and evi rj facilitj for the systematic conduct of the business; twenty five competent hands being regularly employed "n the Bpot The 

stock c irried is in itself a positive wonder ..t nprehensiveness, and each department is complete and self contained, with a full and rich 

assert n lent of goods of Ihe latest styles ami of the newest introduction; the chief lines being drygoods, dress ma ten.-. Is from the lines) silks. 

cassimeres and woolen fabrics to g I cottons and prints, notions, trimmings, milliner] of direct importation, ladies', gentlemen's and 

children's furnishing g Is. ladies', misses' and children's cloaks, jackets, wraps and outdoor garments, hats, caps, umbrellas, wet weather 

garments and household linen, blankets, curtains, etc.; while in the basement is t.. be found a verj superior stock of ready-made el.. tiling. 
The .I. e and energetic proprietor, Mr. Preston B. Lee, is a native of Philadelphia iviul is a gentleman now of middle age. 

A. SHETZLINE & SONS, Wholesale Fruit and Produce Dealers and Shippers, No. 1 Vine street. Corner Delaware Avenue.— 

T. . si. that the wholesale fruit and produce interest constitutes a factor of surpassing Importance in the si mi ..(' trade and 

commerce in this city hardly conveysan adequate idea of its extent The quantities of oranges, lemons, and foreign produce 

a l lisposed of daily in the produce district reaches enormous proportions. Among those contributing most extensively 

to the commercial activity in the wholesale trade in u'leen and dried I'r nits and |>r...l may he men I I the well-known 

and responsible Arm of R. A. Shetzline .\ Sons .i No i vine street rnerof Delaware Avenue, who enjoy a high reputa- 
tion in the trade Tins linn are wholesale dealers ami shippers in all kinds of green and dried Units and produce, and have a widespread 

and substantial luisiness i lection. This is one of the largest houses in this line in Philadelphia, and a specially is made of handling en 

load lots ..I' these perishable articles, which are shipped m such prime condition and with such care that they always arrive at their destina- 
tion as sound and attractive as when they are loaded, and all orders are attended to with promptness and dispatch The business was 
established in 1861 bj Lelbfreid .V shetzline, who were succeeded by R. A. Shetzline, then by R. A. Shetzline A ('..., and in 1892 by R. A. shetz 

line* Sons, the firm being now posed of Messrs. R. A. Shetzline. and his sons. D. W. and 1;. \. shetzline. These gentlemen have all had 

a long practical experience in this line, and arc fully conversant with every want and requirement of the trade They attend personally to 
the examination Of cargoes and the disposition of the fruits and produce handled. The premises occupied comprise a building w illi four 
Boors, 25 \ ;.". feet in size, which presents a bustling ami busy scene at all times with fifteen employees handling immense quantities of I run 
and produce both in the receipt ami shipment. They receive from North Carolina. Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Maryland, and all 

through the South. « bile thej ship throughout Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, ami througl t the Western and Northwestern states. 

and have, by their enterprise and honorable business methods, built up a trade and connection with buyers and producers that i- nol mailed 
by an] other similar house in the trade Promptness, liberality, ami square ami honorable dealing has marked the history of this house from 

its foundation, ami its brilliant success is hut the just reward of merit, and relations once established with the linn will not i.nh prove pleas- 
ant but profitable. Tie- telepl nection is No. -'till. 

"■JRANK I' STHEEPEE, Pharmacist, Corner of Main and Evergreen streets. Chestnut Hill The finely appointed and newly fur- 
nished pharmac] of Mr. F. P. Streeper is a model of elegai in its admirable arrangement. Every modern convenience 

Is al hand forth mforl of patrons, and to facilitate the transaction of business The enterprise was established 

a lew i ithsajo in Mr Streeper. whoisa graduate ..I the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, being number three in the 

class of isss. ail I also a member of its Alumni Association, He has had ten years' practical experie m the business, and 

prepares ami puts up for sale a line of compounds, tinctures and Quid extracts. The store has an area of 21 1 x ■;" feet. 

and is iieaviu stocked with a carefully selected in f drugs, medicines ami chemicals, extracts, herbs, barks and pharmaceutical 

peciall ■ minerals, standard proprietary remedies .0,111,1, preparati. ms toilel articles, perfumery, soaps. sponges, chamois, ami druggists' 

sundries in great variety. The store is ..pen ,ia\ and night, tour npetent assist am s being regularly employed S| i.-ii attention is given 

1 1 ""I nding of physicians prescriptions and famiiy'recipes, and punctual and court is service is accorded to all pa irons. 





Wll> s w< >ODRUFF, Provision Dealer, Fresh and salt Meats. No. I'd t Spruce Street. The provision business m>w carried 

"a i.\ Mr David S, W Iruff was established thirty-five years air., and has been conducted by its present proprietor over a 

quarter of a centur] It was founded by Warner & Myers, and Mr. Woodruff, who had i n in the employ of that th-m for 

SeVetl Veai'S. succeeded to Ihe business 111 1867. The Store is -,'."> X I'M feet, ,'111,1 is alw.'tVs tilled W it 1 1 tile 1 ,e t III,.- ol produce in 

the inark.-t. A s| i.il'\ Is made of hoi mad.- preserves ami the tin. -si .-, try produce. He handles thebest freehand 

salt meats, j Itry, buttet ■ oysters, terrapin and game in season, vegetables and fruits. Be employs from eight to ten 

bands and two teams. His trade Is mainly in the citj and suburbs. He supplies the best hotels, restaurants and families and caters espe- 
cially to the best family trade, Mr. Woodruff is ably assist..,] in his extensive business bj his two sons, Mr Isaac N, W Iruff and Mr David 

s ^ Iruff, Jr., both of whom inherit their father's talent tor ti... business Mr. \v h-niY was born in New Jersey, but has lone been 

identified witl - interests of Philadelphia and is a mem be. of Crescent Lodge No. 198, r and \ M 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA 



171 




E. WESCOAT, Fruit and Produce Commission Merchant, No. 33a North Water Street; Residence, No. 1019 West Daupbii 
Street.— One of the leading fruit and produce commission merchants is Mr. T. E. Wescoat, whose heavy dealings and 
extrusive trade in this line have materially advanced the general commercial activity of Philadelphia. He is a large 
bandit v of general lines of farm produce, oranges and lemons, domestic fruits of all kinds, but makes a specialty of ber- 
P ries of which he receives the largest and choicest consignments from the best fruit growing sections of the country. 
He brings to the business mature experience and intimate knowledge of all the details of the trade, he having been in 
the trade for twelve years or more, three of which he was connected with the house of F. D Myers, and five years of Kerns & Wescoat. 
He established bis present place of business at No. 333 North Water Street in 1886 and has made a signal success in face of the keenesl 
competition. He is a middle aged gentleman of rare business talent and of proved integrity, strictly reliable in all Ids transactions and en- 
joying the most implicit confidence of his numerous patrons. He is a resident of Philadelphia, but originally came from New Jersey, in which 
State lie was bora and reared. His energy and push have made him a favorite in the trade, doing a steady and increasing business with the 
largest shippers and producers, always giving satisfaction for quickness of sales aud promptness of returns. It is greatly due to the charac- 
teristic efforts of men of his stamp that Philadelphia is taking on unusual, rapid and sound development and is gradually becoming the cen- 
tral commercial metropolis of the finest agricultural region in the country. Mr. T. E. Wescoat's business career has been rewarded not only 
by the esteem of his patrons, but also by the substantial pecuniary recognition of their permanent custom. In IKSS he opened a branch 
house in Mantua Market. West Philadelphia, and a year later admitted bis brother to partnership therein. He is a member of the Encamp- 
ment of the I. O. O. F., and widely esteemed for his sterling integrity. 




BOS. E. BOWEN £ SON, Commission Merchants in Produce. Oysters, Fish, Eggs, Terrapin and Game, No. 2, Pier 17, North 
Delaware Avenue.— Prominent in the staple branches of the produce commission trade, the house of Mr. Jos E Bowen & Son 
at No. 3, Pier 17, North Delaware Avenue has developed influential and widespread connections of the most desirable charac- 
ter, and is regarded as a leader in its line in the city. A constant supply of vegetables and produce is received daily from 
the best farms in New Jersey and elsewhere, the resources and facilities employed being admirable for reaching a desirable 
class of buyers. An extensive wholesale and commission trade is also transacted in oysters from the States of Delaware, 
New Jersey, Virginia and Maryland ; only the finest qualities of bivalves being bandied. An extensive and flourishing trade is also operated 
n fish oi every variety, eggs, terrapin and game of all kinds throughout the surrounding States, with a large local patronage also. Consign- 
ments are solicited, and returns for the same promptly made, while all orders for tbe city or country receive immediate attention from the 
proprietor and a corps of experienced assistants. The business was originally located at the foot of Vine Street and was established by Mr. 
Bowen thirty five years ago. removing to its present eligible location in 1872. Mr. Boweu is a gentleman in the prime of life, was born and 
resi les in Philadelphia, and is a member of the Masonic order. 

P. MOVER & CO., Wholesale Commission Merchants in Eggs, Poultry, Game. Live Stock, Domestic Fruit and Vegetables 
in Seasou, No. 30:» North Front and No. 308 North Water Streets— One of tbe leading and best known wholesale produce com 
mission merchants in Philadelphia is the responsible house of J. P. Moyer & Co., located at No. 309 North Front and No. 
308 North Water Streets, who are permitted reference by courtesy to a number of prominent financial and other houses 
p in this part of the country. As receivers and shippers of eggs, butter, poultry, game, sheep, lambs, calves, hogs and live 
stock, fresh and dried domestic fruits of all kinds in season, vegetables and produce, the firm control an extensive and 
soundly based trade reaching on the one hand among wholesale consumers all over the city and adjacent country, and, on the other, with 
growers, raisers and producers located throughout the West as far as Indiana and South to Florida. Heavy and regular consign 
ments are received direct and are disposed of in the most speedy and satisfactory channels with a skill born of long experience; accurate 
account sales are rendered and prompt returns made. Tbe enterprise was established fifteen years ago by the present sole proprietor, Mr. 
J. P. Moyer, aud under his able and experienced direction it has ever since been attended by a steadily increasing trade and reputation. 
The premises utilized, fronting on both streets, consist of a building of five floors, each 25x50 feet in area, well fitted and equipped through 
out for the successful conduct of the important business carried on. a heavy and very select stock of each of the various lines of goods in 
season being always carried. Mr. J. P. Moyer was born in Montgomery County, Pa., is a resident of this city and an esteemed member of 
the Philadelphia Produce Exchange. 





HE J M. ARMSTRONG COMPANY (Frank L. Armstrong, Manager). Music Typographers, No. 710 Sansom Street. —The 

J. M. Armstrong Company, music typographers, lithographers, printers and elec- 

trotypers, No. 710 Sansom Street, is an industry of recognized importance. This is the 

largest and leadiug enterprise of its kind in Philadelphia, and is doing a large and 

flourishing business. There are in Philadelphia many establishments which are the 

oldest in their lines in the United States, and the fact speaks volumes for the solidity 
and permanence of this city's commercial and industrial institutions. An instance in point is found in 
The J. M. Armstrong Company, which has been in existence almost a century, the foundation of which 
was conceived by L. Johnson, a type founder, in 1794. This branch was supplemented by the addition 
of music typography, electrotyping. printing and binding, and these latter departments were pur- 
chased in 1867 by the late Mr. J M. Armstrong. This gentleman achieved a most distinct success in his 
venture, and is acknowledged to be tbe genius for many improvements in bringing the art of music 
typography to its present state of perfection, and his death, by tbe cruel hand of an assassin, thirteen 
years asro. after having built a large aud influential trade extending through the United States. Canada, 
Mexico. West Indies and South America, is to be deplored. At his death, which occurred in 1878, tbe 
business was continued by his two sons. Frank L and Thomas M Armstrong, and his widow. Mr. 
Frank L. Armstrong is the business manager for tbe estate. He is a native of this city, was raised in 
his present line of business, and possesses an expert practical knowledge of all its branches The 
premises occupied are spacious in size, the mechanical equipment embraces all the latest and best 
methods and appliances for the purpose, and employment for a large force of skilled workmen. This 
house is prepared to electrotype and engrave music of every kind, also titles, in the highest style of 
the art. At the International Exhibition in 187H this establishment was the only one awarded a medal 
and diploma for the production of music plates, thus demonstrating the superiority of their work over 
that of all others. An unrivalled assortment of material, added to their acquaintance and experience 
with music typography, enables this company In claim that nowhere else can be so fully met the requirements of those desiring plates for 
sheet music, masses, and music of every description— in rouud notes, character notes, or Gregorian style, and in any language. They also 
give special attention to titles, letter press, and lithotrraphy. in one or more colors. Having recently improved their facilities, this com- 
pany are now prepared to execute all orders speedily, and at prices the mosl reasonable for artistic productions 




IT: 



Mis I'liRICAI. AND C( ).\\A\I:1m;| A I. I'll I I. Ah 



II 1 A, 



|\nci BROTHERS .X WHITE, Manufacturing Chemists and Pharmaceuti ta Northwest Cornel Callowhill ami Marshall 
Streets Or thi leading representative firms of manufacturing pharmaceutical chemists in the 1 nited States la thai ol 
Messrs. Hance Brothers & White vh ■ headquarters occupj the I ■ i bj Callowhill. Marshall, Seventh and Wil 
low Streets, n is a is., one of the oldest-established, having been En existence for aboul fortj years, and ha- steadily main- 
tained th« highest of reputal s for the superiority ol its products and the ability and equitj of its bu Ene methods. The 

plant occupies ;m entire ><i.>,-k. comprising twelve buildings specially erected for their purposes from two t" five stories 

th com flag basements and vaults \.\\ ire admirably fitted up with the mosl improved apparatus and machinery, having ample 

te im-power, while steadj employmeni is given to al I two liundred skilled bands. This firm are extensive manufacturers <>r medicinal 

fluid and solid extracts, powdered extracts, sugar and gelatine coated pills and granules of th< pharmacopoeia; compi lets and 





lozenges, elixirs of all kinds, spread and roll plasters, fruit juices and essences, preparations of mercury, seidlitz and compound powders, 
confections, tinctures, ointments, solutions, etc.; also Podophyllin, Leptandrin and other resinolds; oleoresins and the various other vegeta- 
ble preparations used En medicine; absorbent and medicated cottons: Hance's conical plate drug mill, Hai 's non-wasting, percolating and 

filtering apparatus; and many other valuable specialties. The house has achieved international eelebritj for the elegance an I inte rrity of 
its standard pharmaceutical preparations, made especially for the apothecaries 1 dispensing counter, which are fai orite lira mis with the med 
ical profession generally Their fruit juices have earned special fame since their first Introduction, in 1855, when thej were pioneers En this 
intry, a domestic article of this class having never before been produced here. Their advent made new possibilities for the soda foun- 
tain, which has now, in all parte of the country, come to be recognized as the refreshing and healthful fount for quenching thirst and gratify- 
Engthe palate The} carry at all times a thoroughly* comprehensive lineof galenical preparations, representing thousands of Etems which 
are constantly being added i<>. All the departments are under the superintendence of educated chemists and pharmacists; substantial 
Inducements are offered to the trade as regards both quality and prices. The goods are in heavj and permanent demand in all parts ol the 
i oited States and branch houses are operated by this firm in New York, Boston, < 'hicago and Pittsburg. The proprietors Messrs. Edward 
H. Hance, Joseph C. Hance, Anthony \i Hanceand Edward II. Hance, Jr.— are native Phiiadelphians, and both by reason of their vast 
practical experience and high order of professional attainments are eminently fitted for meeting the exacting requirements of the mi 
profession. Thej are noted for their care En the selection of crude drugs and other materials entering into Hit- vast list "i the preparations 
thej supply, and which cover every branch of the materia medica, and are worthy of the marked appreciation accorded bj their w ide circle 
ol intelligent pat rons. 




HOMAS Hawkins. Manufacturer of Ornamental, Cut, Stained and Leaded Glass, Northeast Corner Thirteenth and Cumber- 
land Streets. The grow th of artistic taste in the decoration ol both public and private buildings has caused the manufacture 

«.f ornamental, cut and sti d jlass to become a steadily developing industry. \ mosl worthj Philadelphia house i i 

in this line is that of Thomas Hawkins, situated at the northeast corner of Thirteenth and Cumberland Streets. The business 
■. is foundedin 1885 bj Mr Hawkins, who had passed a thorough experience En iln- ornamental glass Industry, and since 

starting for himself lias built up a large, first class trade, permeating tl ntire country. The work - are compi Esed In a - 

modi. -us. two-story building ftffordin ; a tupi rflcial area of 8,000 square feel The equipment is mosl thorough, all approvi (1 ap] Eiances hav- 
ing been pro* ided, and the machinerj i drh j steam-power. Employmeni Is found for from seventeen to twentj hands. Mr. 1 law Kins 

personally directs their labors and manufactures ornamental, cut. stained and leaded glass of everj description, Includin i , deco- 

I ... i ! in i ai a leading specialty ol leaded and stained glass for private houses. Par 

it attention is a ed glass. Only the finest class of work la tur I out, as an inspection of thi 

carried will show V.ny d< i di Ered can be obtained here at shortest notice, and first class work Is guaranteed in everj in 
Mr Hawk in- was bom En Philadelphia In 1856 He is a member of the Knights of the Golden l ham and the i nited Friends, and is popular 
as an able, conscientious and enterprising business i 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHI LAD I: L PH 



173 




VTIuXAL HANK OF GERMANTOWN, Main 

Street, Cornet* of School street.— Foremost among 

the live financial institutions in this seeii I' 

the city, to which our business men look with 

confidence and pride, is the old, reliable National 

Bank of Germantown, whose handsome bant 
building, erected two rears ago, is located at the above address. 
This flourishing fiscal corporation was founded in 1814, as the 
Germantown Hank', and in 1864 it became a National Bank. Its 
financial history, during its eighty years of existence, is one long 
storj of enduring prosperity, achieved as the reward of able and 
skillful management, and of the constant maintenance of the 
most rigid principles, having for their vital element, honor and 
integrity. The character of the business undertaken by the bank 
is of a general order; the institution being conducted upon a 
basis of conservatism, appropriately tempered with progressiva- 
ness to suit the exigencies of an enterprising commercial coun- 
try. Following is the bank's report, presented Sept. 30, 1892. 
Resources Loans and discounts. $1,546,763.03; over drafts. 
S55S.11; United Slates bonds to secure circulation, $50,030,00; 
other stocks, bonds, and mortgages, $184,275.00; due from ap- 
proved res.-rv.- agents $138,880.94; due from other National 
Banks. $88,265.23; due from stale banks ami bankers. $80,000.00; 
real estate, furniture and fixtures, $100,O00.ui; other real estate 
and mortgages $25,950.87; current expenses and taxes paid, 
$15,553.08; premiums paid, $5,508.32; specie, United States and 
National bank notes $307,520 80; Total, $2 363,273.38. Liabilities. 
—Capital stock paid in $200,000.00; surplus fund, $300,000.00; 
undivided profits, $48,162.56; National bank notes outstanding, 
$42,100.00; dividends unpaid, $4,082.00; individual deposits sub- 
ject to check, $1,738,754.34; due to other National banks, 
$34,255.48: Total, $2,363,872.38. The correspondents of the Na- 
tional Bank of Germantown are the Importers' and Traders 1 
National and Central National Banks of New York, and tie- 
First National Bank of Chicago. The officers and directors of 
the bank are as follows: President, W, W. Wister; cashier, 
Canby S. Tyson; vice-president, C. W. Otto; directors, W. 

Wyman Wister. W. Wynne Wister. Jr., C. W. Otto, Jabez „ ,„ _,. , T . „ ., , 

o , ' t yt, T t , i, , ,. C. W. Otto, \ ice- President. 

Gates, Conyers Butlon. J. E. Jones, Joseph Hosier. Daniel 

Williams. William W. Johnson. M. D.. C. J. Wister. J. R. Gates, Benjamin Allen, C. S. Tyson. Mr. Wister has been president for the 

past thirty years: Mr Otto has been with this bank for the past forty years, and virtually tills the positi if president, and Mr. Tyson 

has helil the office of cashier the past seven years, prior to which he was for fifteen years a teller in the Fanners' and Mechanics' National 

Bank. The bank is ably officered, and it deservedly commands the confidence of the entire community. 





K. BORCKY, Practical Copper, Tin and Sheet Iron Worker. No. 8736 Germantown Avenue.— For all the best makes of gas. 
gasolene, oil and coal stoves, ranges and heaters, silver ami agate iron ware, kitchen utensils and bouse furnishing goods, 
Mr. 1 1 K. Borcky, located at No. 2736 Germantown Avenue, is held in high repute as being a reliable dealer, handling genuine 
qnalitiesof goods at the lowest prices. Mr. Borcky is also well known as the patentee and sole manufacturer of the cele- 
brated ■ Can line " washing-machine, which has many points of superiority overall others. In addition, a full line of copper. 
tin and sheet ironwork is undertaken, including roofing, gutters, piping, flues, etc.; bath tubs are re-lined, refrigerators, gas, 
gasolene and oil stoves are repaired and a specialty is made of repairing and painting tin roofs. Mr. Borcky did the mill work for Ivins. 
Dietz& Magee. on their carpet mill at Lehigh Avenue ami Marshall street, and also the mill work for the Reading Screw Work, at Hope Street 
near Lehigh Avenue. He also did the heater work for Dennis Mahoney in his residence at Tenth and Westmoreland Streets, anil on many 
other mills, stores and residences in the city and vicinity The enterprise was established on November I. 1889, by the present proprietor, 

who possesses twenty- years' practical experience in the trade and personally conducts every detail of the business; selecting fhestock 

and materials with the utmost care, accurately and promptly fulfilling all orders, etc. Of the several kinds of goods made ami dealt in, an 
abundant assortment is always on hand for customers to choose from: the store. 17x26 feet in size, is well arranged and the heavy trade 
controlled, reaching all over the city, furnishes regular employment for six- skilled assistants. Mr. D. K. Borcky was born in Berks County. 
Pa., and is now thirty-eight years of age. 




OTTER & SEYMOUR, Real Estate and Conveyancing. No is,-,; Main Street. Germantown.— For several years past M.-ssis 
Potter & So, in. ,n!-. located at No. 4854 Main Street, have been prominently identified with the progress and development of 
real estate interests in Germantown and vicinity. The firm are held in high repute for the expeditious transaction of all 
commissions, for making prompt and accurate settlements, and their services are now called into requisition for all branches 
of the profession; more particularly, however, for the purchase, sale and exchange of realty throughout this section. Un- 
letting of premises, the collection of bouse and ground rents and interest, the examination and preparation of titles, deeds. 
leases. and similar legal instruments, and the settlement, transfer and entire managament of estates, while the firm's facilities an- systematic 
and complete for the speedy negotiation of loans upon bond or mortgage upon the most favorable terms. The business was established 
under the same namein 1ST-', at the present location by Mr. Joseph K. Potter and Mr. E. B Seymour, and in 1875 the former gentleman was 

succeeded by his brother. Mr W. F. Potter, he and Mr. Seymour being now the copar is. In addition to the lines already noted, the 

several duties incidental to the office of notary public are undertaken. Mr. W. F. Potter was born in this city, while Mr. E H. Seymour who 
tossesses twenty-six years' practical experience in the profession, is a native of Virginia, whence he came to Philadelphia in 1872. 



174 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILAULLPH1A. 




ERD BROS., Wholesale and Retail Cash Grocers, s. k. corner Second and M ■•• stiwis. a well known and enterprising 

lirm of b bolesale ami retail grocers in South Philadelphia is thai of Messrs. Hi ni Bros., located al the southeast corner 
of Second and Mo. .re sn-e.-is. who possess every facility (or filling large or si nail orders prompi Ij and satisfactorily, alike 
as io genuine and reliable quality and rock bottom pi Ices \ full line of staple and fancj gi ■■ • i ies is bandied, Including;, 

an t: other things, choice China and Japan teas of direcl Importation, Java and Mocha coffees In original packages, pure 

spices, the standard brands of family and blscuil flour, canned and bottled goods o! everj kind, and a rich aasoi tmenl ol 
table delicacies, The trade controlled, reaching all over this Bection of the city, is conducted partly al wholesale, although retail 
cialty, and two wagons are kept constantly busy in the collection and delivery of orders. Tins flourishing business lias steadily 
uring the eighi years thai it has been conducted under the skilful direction of the presenl propi letors, Messrs. Wm 0. and Geo. A. 
are thoroughly practical grocers of long and varied experience. The premises utilized consist of a floor and basement, each 
: in area, containing a heavy and carefully chosen stock of the several lines of goods deal! in; five competent assistants being 
employed. The Messrs. bn-d are >oung gentlemen of Irish birth, and bave resided In Philadelphia for a number of years, 

\..i r, u;T COMPANY, Manufacturers of Art Novelties, Christmas and New Year Cards, Valentines, Ea tei and Birthday 
Souvenirs, Etc., No. 1006 Walnut Street.— Since Mr. Geo. v. Magee inaugurated this enterprise he has buill up a large, 
superior trade nil through the United states and Canada, and he has achieved a flrsl class reputation For tie- superior char- 
acter of ins productions. The business premises compi Isea four story building, 25x90 feel in dimensions. Every facility and 

convenience lias l n prox ided for tin- successful conduct of affairs, and employmenl Is found for from i w enl y*-flve to thirty 

skilled hands. Mr. Magee manufactures a general line of art novelties, Christmas and New Yearcards, valentines, Easter 
and birthday cards. >*h..[n holders, silk, celluloid and paper novelties, sachets, bags, etc . and deals In etchings, oil paintings, engnu ingsand 
handpainted articles. He turns oul from eight hundred to nine hundred different varieties of art novelties, and fancj stal lonerj , the d 
all being of excellenl workmanship and flnish. A heavy stock is at all times kept on baud, and both a wholesale and retail trad-- Is sup- 
plied. The i puis.- is represented on the road by six travelling salesmen, and a branch office is main tamed in New York. Mr. Magee is a 
native of Philadelphia where he is well and favorably known. 

W. MONTGOMERY, Fruit and Produce Commission Merchant, No. 9 Vine Street.— A well known and very successful fruit 
and produce commission merchant in Philadelphia, controlling a heavy and regular wholesale and retail trad.- of a local 
nature, is Mr. K W. Montgomery. During the four years of his estanlishment Mr. Montgomery lias experienced a steady 

and i tinuous success, until he now receives large regular consignments of fresh fruits of all kinds in their respective 

seasons, produce and vegetables direct from many of the best growers throughout Pennsylvania, New Jersej . Delaware 
Maryland, Virginia and the southern States, for disposal upon this market, and thus he is enabled to offer to consumers 
al inducements, as to prime, fresh quality, rock bottom prices, and the prompi fulfilment of all orders. A spectaltj Is made of 
luce, such as potatoes, onions, cabbages, etc., which are always kepi in stock' in sufficient quant it ies to meet all but special demands 
•lav. A spacious floor and basement are occupied, and every facility is at hand for the successful conduct of the business. Mr. 
itgoraery, who has been engaged in this line of trade for the past ten years, was born in Delaware and js a resident of O len, 





f \RRTS. FULLER & SMITH, Stock Brokers, No. 402 Library Street. -Among the leading stock brokers of Philadelphia may 
tie mentioned Mr. Wm. C. Smith, who Is a member of the firm of Harris, Fuller & Smith of No 102 Library Street, Mr. 
Smith has been established as a stock broker in this city since 18B5, and the present firm was organized in Feb., 1892 He was 
t irmerly of the firm ot Lee <& Smith, and was for several years with E. W. Matthews. This firm are in possession of the befit 
possible facilities for tin- purchase and sale of all kinds of railroad and mining stocks. b< mis and invest men I seen r it ies, either 
for <vls!i or on a margin, on com mission. Orders are made at once, and transfers executed together \\ itli all business "t this 
nature as readily as could be done in New York, this office being connected by wire with tbe New York office of Harris & Fuller at Nbs. 
4t and 46 Broadway All business trusted to this firm is dealt with promptly and in a manner which s--eiuvs the greatesl advantage to 
customers Mr. Smith is a native of New York State, but has been for many years a resident of Philadelphia. He is a member of the 
Stock Exchange of Philadelphia, and is a man of excelleut standing in financial circles. They also do an extensile business at the New 
York office. 





iTHDYA HALLOWELL. Conveyancers, Real Estate anl Insurance Brokers. No. 731 Walnut Street and No <'.;; North Fit 
teenfch Street. There arc numbers of our citizens who pursue the occupation of real estate brokers with credit and success, 
and earn a well merited reputation for the conscientious and efflcienl manner with which they conduct affairs intrusted to 
their charge Prominent among the number thus referred to is the firm of McVurdv & Hallowell, whose offices an- located 
at No. 731 Walnut Street and No 077 North Fifteenth Street. This business was established in 1890, and the firm have 
gained an Influential and liberal clientage, numbering among their patrons many wealthy investors, large proper! j ov. ners 
and active operators. Th lirm conduct a general business in the sale, purchase, exchange and letting of real estate. They promptly 
negotiate loans on bond and mortg i ' . and invest money for clients on first class security. Fire insurance policies in first eiass companies 
are also procure" I at lowest rati- and a specialty is made of thecare and management of estates Messrs. Mel lurdy and Hallowell are each 
reco mized as an authority as regards both present and prospective values of the residential and business property of Philadelphia and its 
suburbs, while their extensive and Influential connections afford excelleut facilities for the immediate disposal of any realty placed m their 
hands. Both members o| the lirm are natives of this city, and are regarded as among our mosl enterprising and reliable young business men. 




I in m i ROBERTS. Coal, Flour and Feed, No. 4984 Main Street.— The oldest and mosl popular enterprise engaged in the 
handling of coal, flour and feed in Gtermantown is that conducted by Mr, Enoch T. Roberts, whose office and store are situated 
;it No. 1934 Main Street. Tins responsible bouse has long been a leading source of supply hereabout for the fines! grade 
anthracite and bituminous coal, carefully selected, picked and screened for private families, bakers and other retail con- 
sumers; and th.- extent of its operations may be fairly gauged from tin- fact that tin- annual sales of coal aggregate 
more than twelve thousand ions [u addition, an extensive business is controlled in feed ol ail kinds and the standard 
ol floor, ile- dally sale- amount nig to a carload lot. As in coal, s« . in flour and feed tin- facilities are complete for procuring ship- 
ments direct from the best sources of supply upon tin- most advantageous terms, and the house is thereby enabled i" place Its cue 

ii i ion lb-- fairest basis, alike as to pr quality and prompt delivery. The yard, situated on i !umberland Street, covers an area of one and 

a half acres, and is pr<>\ Ided with sheds, bins, coal pockets, and every facility for the due conduct of the business, a heavy stock ol hard 
and soft coal, tun 1 flour and feed is always on hand ; four competent, assistants are regularly employed around the premises, and three 
wagons are 1 purposes. Two railroad sidings run Into th.- yard, so that c irs direct from th.- mines, us also cars of dour 

. ..I- i o tnl i - i right on the spot Tin- business was established twenty-seven years ago by tin- presenl proprietor, Mr. 
Enoch i ■■■ ho was born in German to wn, as also wen- ins ancestors lor generations back 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



175 



ROBERT L. M. CAMDEN, Jr., & BROTHER, Designers, Artists, Illustrators, No. 7-.>9 Walnut Street-One of (he leading de 
signers, artists and illustrators in Philadelphia is the responsible firm of Robert L. M. Camden, Jr., & Brother, located at No. 
729 Walnut Street, who enjoy the highest reputation for the excellence of their productions, the originality and beauty 
of their designs, and the accuracy of their work. The firm's operations consist for the most part iu a general line of 
commercial work, such as the preparation and supply of wood, steel, photo and orher engravings of all kinds, pictorial, 
artistic, special and copper plate work, for illustrated catalogues, pamphlets, certificates, bonds, elaborate letter heads, etc.; 
this and a large quantity of more or less similar work is executed either to furnished designs, sketches or drawings, or to original designs 
of the firm's own creation, from the plainest to the most richly artistic and elaborate. Engravings, etchings, blocks, etc., are also pHepared 








_^/i 




from photographs, from the objects themselves, or from any kind of picture or illustration, the size required, whether larger or smaller than 
the original, being quite immaterial, and in all these matters the results are of the finest description; a true reproduction of the finest finish 
and of clear and accurate delineation. The business was established at the same location seven years ago by Mr. Robert L. M. Camden, Jr., 
who in 1H91 admitted his brother. Mr. Horace P. Camden, into partnership, and tbe large, permanent trade now controlled reaches among 
regular* patrons throughout all sections of the United States. A suite of five rooms on the third floor at No. 729 Walnut Street is occupied 
and a full equipment of improved tools, materials, appliances and accessories is at hand for the systematic conduct of the business, four 
expert artists and engravers being there regularly employed. Of the talented proprietors, who are both young men, Mr. Robert L. M. Cam- 
den, Jr., was born in California, but has lived in Philadelphia for the past thirty years, while Mr. Horace P. Camden is a native of this city. 

JOHN SHARP & SON, Wholesale Grocers, No. 15 Market Street, No. 1 North Front and No. 2 North Water Streets. -The old- 
est active representative of the wholesale grocery trade in Philadelphia is Mr. John Sharp, the venerable head of the firm of 
John Sharp & Son, whose warehouse is at No. 15 Market Street, No. 1 North Front and No. 2 North Water Streets. Mr. 
Sharp was born in 1805, on the high seas, and since 1823 has lived in this city. He has now attained his eighty-seventh year, 
and has lone been known as a most estimable, public spirited citizen, and a representative, honorable merchant. He began 
business in 1838. and has always been located at the same address. In 1864 he admitted to a partnership interest his son, Mr. 
Samuel R Sharp, when the present firm name was adopted. Mr. Samuel R. Sharp is a native Phi lade! phian, entered his father's establish- 
ment at an early age, and is a thoroughly experienced business man of sound executive ability. The business premises comprise five spa- 
cious floors, and they are stored with a very heavy assortment of foreign and domestic groceries of every variety, also clover and timothy 
seed. The trade supplied extends through this State, New Jersey, Delaware and Maryland. The firm employ two traveling salesmen. Many 
of the patrons have been customers of the house for a long term of years. Tbe liberal policy followed by the firm assures the fulfilment of 
orders upon the most satisfactory terms. Messrs. Sharp are members of the Grocers' and Importers'' Exchange, and the Philadelphia 
Bourse, and they command the unbounded respect and confidence of the entire mercantile community. 

AXSON, COMFORT & CO., Funeral Supplies, Nos. 529 and 531 Arch Street.— In comparison with the business done in the line 
of funeral supplies by the house of Messrs. Paxson, Comfort & Co., at Nos. 529 aud 531 Arch Street, and Nos. 524, 526 and 
528 Cherry Street, all other similar institutions pale in importance and magnitude. Theirs is the Largest establishment of 
the kind in the world, and in its character a monument of commercial greatness. The business premises comprise a splen- 
did seven story building, 40x300 feet in dimensions, with an extension of 40 feet in rear on Cherry Street, and the facilities 
for production are on the most extensive scale. The supplies manufactured and handled by this firm embrace every con- 
ceivable description of wood, metal aud cloth covered caskets, burial robes, shrouds and burial case linings, coffin hardware, trimmings, 
and undertakers 1 supplies generally; while they also deal in horses, carriages and hearses. They manufacture their own trimmings, and 
handle the products of half a dozen manufactories in the lines indicated. In every pattern aud style shown, the variety of which is as wide 
as the possibilities of the industry will admit, the greatest taste and elegance obtains, and the beauty and finish of the work stands un- 
rivalled in the market, aud distances competition. Under the system prevailing, each branch of the business represents an establishment 
in itself, the organization being so thorough that even the smallest detail is subject to the influence of well defined order and method. The 
firm justly merit the title of "leader in funeral fashions.'" It places upon this market entirely new and original styles of burial robes, 
made adjustable to the form, close fitting, accurate in detail, and presenting the appearance of costumes made to measure. The trade of 
tbe house extends to every part of the United States, and continues to increase in extent and importance, shipments being also made to 
South America, Mexico and other foreign ports. With their immense resources this demand is readily met, and the facilities enjoyed rive 
peculiar advantages which inure to the benefit of dealers. A force of 110 skilled hands is employed in the factory, and a dozen talented 
salesmen represent the interests of the house upon the road. The individual members of tins firm are Missis. Moses Paxson, Howard Com- 
fort and E. T. Comfort, all of whom are natives of Bucks County, Pa. Mr. Paxson started a general country store at Newton, Pa., on 
April 10, 1852, and in September, 1802, came to Philadelphia, and embarked in the dry goods business as a member of the firm of Paxson, 
Shuberfc&Co. In 1874 the present business was established in a small way on Church Street, and in 1883 the firm moved into their new 
building. Mr. Howard Comfort is a graduate of Haverford College, and a trustee of that college, and also of the Insane Hospital at Frank- 
ford, and the Lincoln Home for the Colored Race. All the partners are expert, authorities in their line of trade, and employ every legiti- 
mate and honorable means to further the commercial and industrial interests of Philadelphia. 




i ;•; 



HISTORICAL AND CO M W likCI A 



II I LADE LP H 1 A. 






OXP \i;i;il. VEST MANUFACTURING COMPANY, W J Cohen, Managei No 501 Markel Street The Nonpareil Vea\ Hanu 
factoring t lompanj . though less than two years old, bas display ed Buch intelligent enterprise and buill up such a large and 
important business thai il now ranks with the leadin ■ concerns in the citj engaged in the manufacture of clothing. The* 
business was established in January, 1891, by Hexter Bros., and in Jurj ol the lame pear il passed Into the hands of Its pres- 

ent man Mr M J. Cohen. The S| laity of the 1 se fs the manufacture of white and fancj vests for the wholesale trade 

■tf v H a wl and from the start the goods have bad a large sale with the leading wholesale dealers in Philadelphia and New York. The 

g Is are made in the besl manner ol carefully selected materials, and in style, finish and general workmanship thej are not excelled by any 

in the trade. The planl and warerooms occupj i he four upper floors of a six-storj building, which are equipped with everj Improved 

appliance for the manufacture of g Is and the handling oi an immepse Btock. Power is furnished bj an electric motor and a fn i ;ht i h va 

tor conveys the goods from the different floors. \ force of 250 people find employ men! In the different departments of the business Mr. M 
J. Cohen, to whose enterprise and sagacity the success of this thriving business is due, is a native of Germany, but was raised In England and 
■ I i b >en in the United stales for the last thirteen j ears 

jKWis i. BAILED & CO., Manufacturers ol Ladies 1 and Children - < loaks, No 501 Market Street The success which has 
attended this house furnishes a striking illustration of what enterprise, sagacitj and honorable business methods can accom- 
plish. Mr. Lewis L. Bailey established the business here m is;;, under the present firm-name, and, by observing a straight- 
forward policy in all his dealings, his business has grown step by step to its present magnitude He occupies three floors, 
30 x 130 feet each, and gives employment to fifty skilled hands in the house and tosome two hundred outside. Confining 
himself t<> the manufacture ••! ladies 1 and children's cloaks and producing a stj lish and well-made garmenl at a very reason- 

abli st, his output is in great and increasing demand wherever once introduced, and be now sends goods to all parts of the United States 

Fie buys his materials in vasl quantities direct from the manufacturers on terms which smaller competitors ei ol command, and, having 

superior facilities for the production of a high ordei of g Is, he is always In the f< irefront with the latest changes in fashion, and permits 

no li men I to leave his establishment which will not bear comparison with the best custom-made article, a corps of expert Bale men 
represent the interests of the house upon the road, while a branch office is in operation in Chicago Mr Bailej is a native of Philadelphia, 
and an experienced and talented manufacturei 

II wm.ks E. Z INK, Importer of Kid Gloves, Fabric Gloves and silk Mitts. No. 781 Arch Street Mi Charles E Zane is a direct 
importer of kid gloves, fabric gloves and silk mills, handling the highesl grades of goods of both foreign and home produc- 
tion, and making a leading specialty of the finest kid gloves in tin- market He established ins business here in 1879, and has 
built up a trade connection co-extensive with the limits of the entire country. The specialties in kid gloves which Mr. Zane 

is now offering to the trade are the most famous in the brilliant capitals ol Europe, and re .vned for their durability, fitting 

qualities, elasticity, pliability and fine finish. He carries at all times an immense stock of all colors and sizes for both ladies 
and gentlemen, the leading shades for evening wear including while, pearl, lavender, flesh, cream, lemon, fan, fawn, drab and light slate; 
f ir ordinary wear the darker shades embrace dark slate, dark stone, plum, olive brown, tan, dark brown, arid navy blue. Each and every 

one "i these gloves is warranted to be :urate in fit, of fasl colors, and <>i the best general construction and make, They will be found to 

lie the besl gloves in this country or Europe A corps of sixteen talented salesmen represenl the interests of the house upon the road. Mr. 
Zane is a native of New Jersey, an expert authority in the glove trade, and a young man of large business experience. 

}RED, L. FOSTER & SONS, Bool and si Makers and Rubber Shoe Brokers Etc Nos 128 and 180 Market S >t < ine ol the 

mosl progressive of the leading houses engaged in this field of commerce is that of Messrs. Fred. L. Foster <S Sons. This 
widely-known establishmenl was founded in 1888 by Messrs. Foster, Meixell & Co., and was continued under that mana i 
in phi up to 1885, when the firm of Fred. L. Foster a. Sons was organized, the copartners being Mr. Fred L Foster and his 
sons John B. and Fred K Foster. Two years ago Mr Conrad F. Clothier, Jr . was also admitted to partnership. Mr. Fred. 
L. Foster, senior member of the firm, was born in Portsmouth, N. H., and his sons are natives of Pottsville, Pa while Mr, 

1 Hothler was born in this citj The business premises upied comprise tw nnecting buildings, each four stories in hi i :hl and having 

dimensions of 20 x 120 feet each. They are lighted by electricity, have a freight elevator, and every facility is possessed for the receipt, 

storage, and handling of goods The firm control the products of several large factories, and are general i i and shoe makers and rubber 

shoe brokers Their house is the Philadelphia headquarters for Goodyear's India Rubber Glove Manufacturing Co., of New York. An 
immense stock is carried, and an active trade is supplied throughout the Middle states, south to < leorgia, and west as far as the new State 

of Washington \ number of salesmen represenl the firm on the road The firm has ope i up a large trade throughout the entire coun 

trj and has sold some export orders through its unique and novel syste i advertising which has culminated in an exposition of their 

entire line in a handsome catalogue, which they have appropiatelj styled " Foster's Little Quaker." The\ reipiest the ira.ie in si -nil i.»r the 
catologue. ■■ The Little Quaker " n ill do the rest, 

\'.vs<>\\ \n\\is Real Estate and Mortgage Brokers, No !712 Germantown Avenue, Tenth and Lehigh Avenue. Then an 
perhaps nol any among Philadelphia real estate men who are better known or si. -mil higher in public esteem than Dawson & 
Aiia ms. whose office is at No, 2712 Germantown Avenue, They have been established si nee (884, and have a large patronage, 
numbering iu their clientele some of the most prominent property owners in the community, Messrs. \ n Dawson ami Jno. 
P V.dams, who compose the firm, are Philadelphians by birth. They are general real estate brokers, buying, selling and exchang- 
ing city and surburban property of every description on commission, and carry on their bunks a number of choice building 
lots and residences which thej offer for sale on the mosl favorable terms oneasj payments Particular attention is given to the collection 
of rents and interests, and prompt returns are made for the same; and estates are taken in charge and judiciously managed. Mortgages 
ed, also, and monej is procured on real estate, at lowest rates of interest. Conveyancing in all its branches is attended to, like- 

■ ■ ' ■ and insurance placed with flrsl class fir mpanies; and all in ism ess intrusted in i his reliable firm is certain to be handled In the most 

capable and itisfactorj manner Mr Dawson is a prominenl Mason and Mr, Adams is active as a member of the R03 a I Arcanum, 
i * louncil No, 

Kay ,v KAHLER, Terra Cotta Sewer Pipe, Vitrified Paving Brick, Etc Broad and Glenw I Avenue, Germantown Junc- 
tion, P I: i; i . ni [ving and prosperous business was established in 1888, bj George McKay, who conducted it up to 
about ago, when he took into partnership < >scar a Kahler, The firm are dealers In terra cotta sewer pipe, \ itrifled 
paving brick, fine ornamental building brick, fire brick, chimnej tops, line lining, lawn vases, and all oilier clay products. 
They a is., deal in various hra in is of Imported and domestic cements, etc., and their trade, which is very large, is steadily 
i . which Is conveniently situated at Broad and Glenwood Avenue. Germantown Junction, P. H. R., 
covers an acre ajround and the facilities are firsi -class En everj respect \ big stock Is constantly Kept on hand here, ami an efficient staff 
of help i en i pi> ved, while everal wa jons deliver throughout the citj Mi McKay, the senior member, "as bom En Ireland; and Mr. Kah- 
ler, liis partner, is a man in the prime ,,f IjtV and a native of this cltl 






HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHI A. 



1T7 




HARLES BK< >snmann. Thirty-eighth Street and Powelton \ venue. -Of the many 
finely-equipped stables of which Philadelphia may justly boast, one in the 
western section of the city which deserves more than passing mention in these 
pages is that conducted by Mr Charles Brossmann. at No. 8 North Thirty- 
eighth Street. This ecurial establishment is devoted t,. the boarding, sale and 
exchange of fine horses, and 1- popularly regarded by horsemen as the most 



reliable hereabouts. Asa boarding- 
contained for the efficient care and 
particularly for fine road stock; any 
Me- day. week or under contracl The 
and bedding are used, an ample supply 
and sick horses are promptly attended 
surgeon. The establishment is. how- 
a speedy and trustworthy medium for, 
of trotters, road and saddle horses; 
with trained harness horses Thesta- 
accommodating many horses; every 
facility of cleansing and ample water 
is furnished. Mr. Charles Brossmann 
corner of Powelton Avenue and 
is much frequented by ladies, gentle- 
trians have received their initial lessons here 
tractable horses are kept in constant readiness 





--v 



stable it is complete and self- 
comfort of the horse, more 
kind of horse being taken in by 
finest qualities of provender 
of pure, fresh water is at hand, 
to by an experienced veterinary 
ever, most favorably known as 
the i hi rchase.sale and exchange 

and a large number of high-bred saddle stock is always on hand, together 
hi. i unsists of two commodious floors, divided into stalls, loose hoxes, etc., 
provision is made for efficient light, uniformity of temperature, ventilation, 
supply and drainage; and a full equipment of stable requisites and supplies 
is also the proprietor and director of the Powelton Riding Academy, at the 
Thirty eighth Street, initiated September, 1890. This fashionable academy, 
men, misses, youths and children, and a large number of proficient eques- 
There is a ring of oval shape, 40 feet across one way and 80 the other, and several docile 
Mr. Charles Brossmann, who is a thoroughly practical and expert equestrian, is a native of 

sfn! trainer of 



Germany, and has been engaged for many years in the horse business, and is acknowledged to be the best and mosl sue 
horses and teacher of horsemanship in Philadelphia. 



IOHN HOHENADEL. Brewer, Corner Queen Street and Norristown Railroad, Falls of .Schuylkill. —The brewery of Mr. John 
Hohenadel was established in 1884 by Mr. John W. Hohenadel, and at his death, in 18K8, he was succeeded by his son, Mr. John 
Flohenadel. This gentleman was born in this city, is prominently known in fraternal and social circles, and is a skilled, prac- 
tical brewer. The plant covers an area of 300 by 400 feet, upon which are erected a number of brick buildings especially 
adapted for the business. The products include lager beer and porter, and the output amounts to 5,000 barrels yearly. A 
leading specialty is made of lager. Only the finest malt and hops that can be procured are used, and they are handled in such 
a thoroughly scientific mauner as to result in the production of a pure, finely flavored, and sparkling beer that really has no superior. 






I VLTER L. LEWIS, Paper Hangings, Frescoing and Interior Art- Decorations, No. 2042 Pine Street.— A representative house in 
the line of frescoing anil interior art decorations in Philadelphia isthat of Mr. Walter L. Lewis, located at No. 2043 Pine Street. 
This gentleman established his business here in 1800, and has won a high reputation for the artistic merits of ins work. He 
carries a large and well-selected stock of paper hangings, which commend their own merits to the confidence and patronage 
of the most critical and discriminating buyers, while he makes a specialty of general interior decorating in fresco work, wall 
tinting, etc., and his work in churches, residences and public buildings is greatly admired by experts, and forms the best 
possible recommendation, his only needed endorsement. He did the frescoing, papering and paining in the building of the Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Children, and also the interior work of the Mirvis Building, No. 715 Arch Street, the walls of which were done in 
Boston felt, and the ceilings in china gloss paints, and a fine sample of his work may be seen in the frescoing and papering of the residence 
1,1 l'"l l 'aptain William Brown, No. 1719 Pine Street. His services are in important and increasing demand throughout the city and sur- 
rounding country, and are rendered in such a manner as to add materially to his popularity and insure his continued success. Mr. Lewis is 
a native Philadelphian, a thorough master of his art in all its branches, and an enterprising, progressive and reliable young businessman 
who is winning success by honestly deserving it. 

M. HKSS, Manufacturer of and Dealer in Stoves, Heaters and Ranges. No. 2432 Germantown Avenue— Beyond question the 

business iducted by Mr, J. M. Ib j ss. located at No. 3432 Germantown Avenue, as a manufacturer of and dealer in stoves, 

heaters and ranges and a general sheet metal worker, is the oldest of the kind in Philadelphia, for it was established as far 
bark as 1757, by Mr. E. M. Hess, and, in 1820. it came into the hands of his son of the same name, who died December 25. 
1873, at the advanced age of eighty eight years. At thai date the business was assumed by his son, Mr. J. M. Hess, who 
bad started for himself in 1862, and died in 1886, when his son, the present proprietor, succeeded. All kinds of tin, zinc, 
copper and sheet-iron work are executed in the best style to order, tin roofing, conductors, spouting and guttering are undertaken, roofs are 
painted and repaired, boilers are set and jobbing in all branches receives prompt attention; while stoves, heaters and ranges are made, sup- 
plied and fitted up complete with all piping and connections. The trade controlled reaches all over the city and adjacent districts, and its 
volume furnishes regular employment for several skilled assistants. A large stock of stoves, heaters, ranges, trade requisites and supplies, 
tinware and kitchen utensils is always on hand, and the popular prices command ready sales. Mr. J M. Hess is thoroughly practical in this 
line and lakes an active part in the prompt and accurate fulfillment of all orders, whether sent by mail or otherwise He was bom in Phila- 
delphia, on December 11, 1862 and is a member of tin- Knights of the Golden Eagle, the Red Men and the Independenl i hder of n,\,\ Fellows. 

W. & W. I). HEWITT. Architects. Bullitt Building, No. 133 South Fourth Street, -The subjects of this sketch. Messrs. G. W. 
and W. D. Hewitt, are architects of whom Philadelphia and the country at large may well be proud. Monuments signifi- 
cant of their ability and legitimate architectural taste, stand pre-eminent in the shape of magnificent buildings, which go 
far toward making this city one of the most beautiful, as a whole, in the world. Both have had long and valuable experi- 
1 ence. Mr. G. W. Hewitt first studied under the mentorship of John Notman, this city, and afterward was for eight years a 
member of the firm of Furness & Hewitt. Mr. W. D. Hewitt studied with the latter firm, afterward studying abroad for 
a year and a-half. Twenty years ago the Messrs. Hewitt organized the present copartnership and have since won a flattering reputation. 
The buildings erected under their supervision include the Bullitt Building, in which Messrs. Hewitt have their office; the Episcopal Hospital, 
Hahnemann Hospital, Devon Inn Wissihickon Inn, hotel at Tacoma. Washington; Stratford Hotel, Holy Trinity Parish building, Pennsyl- 
vania Trust Company's building, at Reading; Wistar Museum of Anatomy, at the University of Pennsylvania, etc. The success attained 
by the firm has been the result ni diligent study and natural ability, combined with a straightforward system of honorable dealing. 




HISTORICAL ANh COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 






, mm, aim i.riilA SUPPLY COMPANY I inbi Manufacturers ol Steam and Hydraulic Packing ol i 

Description, also Rubber Q is. No. 285 North From Streel I'liia company are manufacturers ol steam and hydra 

packing of every description, alsi rubber g Is of various 1 tablished their business here in 1889 ,i,,\ occup) 

ntire four storj building, supplied with new and Improved inachinery, and possess everi facility for conducting the 

bus ss lerthemosl Favorable conditions and upon the largest scale Theii packings are reco nlzed as absolutely 

unrivalled for quality, durability, utility and unifor xcellence having no iu| s in the European or American mar- 

;.,., ,- many of the largest manufacturers in Philadelphia, and also furnish • ngii s' supplies of every description in quantities 

not rhey also handle Turner's Traction Bell Grease and Leather Preservative, for rubber, leather and 

Phis softens and preserves the leather, counteracts moisture prevents ili| : and stretching, removes glazing from 

nts fraying of edges. It is used preferential^ bj the leading mills, foundries, Iron works, machine shops, n ■ nulls 

and manufactories of ever) large citj in the Union Tlie proprietors, Messrs Chas. I anbj and Geo. M. Costello, are native Philadel] 
;,,,.! young men of large practical e eperience, who are destined to attain great success in theli vast and fertile Held of usefulness. 

i ENNSYLV \M \ OPTICAL ('( iMI'ANY (Libited), Manufacturers of All Kinds "f I iptieal U Is, Sole Owners and Manufac 

turers of Bellati's Adjustable Offset Guard, No. mis Chestnut Street.— The Pennsylvania t tptical Company (Limited) was 
initiated at the same location three and o half years ago, and was duly incorporated under the laws of the State of Pent 
l *^BK$jij vania, il"' , .Hirers tiring Mr. F. Buchman, President (a physician practising In the city), and Mr. A. J. Bellati Secretary and 
fr^T#*^K^f fl Manager, under w hose able and experienced direct ion every detail of the business Is conducted. The company - operations 

7r^*i V^V j nc i u( je the manufacture of all kinds of optical goods, the grinding and polishing of pebbles (or B| tacles, eyeglasses, 

lenses etc every deseripti f repairing incidental to the trade, and as a specialty the accurate fulfill t "f oculists' prescriptions, while 

,,,. owners and mi factum's of Bellati's adjustable offset guard, the "Marvel," (or which Messrs Williams, Brown .\ Earle 

are selling agents This eyeglass guard is a most ingenious though simple c ntriva , and can be attached to any ol the old forms of eye 

glasses The heavy and permanent trade t trolled bj the company reaches all over the United States, and its volume furnishes regular 

emp nj menl for liv icperl opticians In tlie manufacturing department. Mr. i. J. Bellati, who leai ned the trade in Connecticut and bas 

eighteen years' practical expei .enrr at his mmmand, was born in Italy anil lias rrsidrd in Philadelphia for the past nine years. 

MAKN'K. Sculptor, No railnsi i Street, Between Fourth and Fifth, Spruce and Pine.— The demand for d atlons In 

architecture in this country is a growing our: audit is well represented Inthiscityby Mr. E. Haene, whose office and 
works are at No. 309 Grlscom Street, between Fourth and Fifth, Spruce and Pine Streets. This gentleman was b 

Belgium, where he firsl studied his profession, which he lias followed for the past twentj -f j ears. He came to this 

' countt'3 tenyearsago coming to Philadelphia two years later, and Beven years ago he established business here, meet- 
ing « nil excellent success. He employs from twenty to twentj five assistant-, occupies a two storj building, 10x100 (eel 

in dimensions, and executes designs for ornamental and statuary work of all kinds. He has done a large amount of carving for reside - 

..,,„! p UD | C buildings, including the Jewish Temple, Keystone Bank, Hank at No. 927 Chestnul Street, etc. His in ixtends all ovet the 

county All i if Mr. Maene's products bear the stamp of artistic excellence and the imprint of the master's hand. The citj is to be con- 
, uiated upon the access to her industries, than which no more praiseworthy institution exists within her boundaries. 

HE STAE ENGRAVING AND PRINTING COMPANY (Limited), No 118 South Seventh Street. The Star Engraving and 

!■,- lg c any (Lin I), located al No. lis South Seventh Street, rank as,,, i the lei g engravers and designers 

in phi] idelphia, and thej now control a trade and nection oi large proportions, reaching throughout the whole ol the 

.,i states, East of the Mississippi River. Original designs ol anj are furnished upon applici as also estimates 

r or all classe oi work in this branch of art, and the two chief 1 Is of engraving executed are wood engraving and photo- 
engraving , specialty being made ol line and stipple effects by zinc etching or p dectrotyplng, a all tot ffecls 

i coppet etching By these two latter processes, an exact representation Isensure t" photographs, brash drawing-, nat and any 

sorto) copj ri Ira rin - » loul or lithographic prints, etc., being particularly suitable tor plans maps, architec 

,,,,,_ buildings interiors landscapes, machiuerj bill and Inter heads, book work, newspapers, catalogues, etc. Everj facility is pos- 
sessed for executing equals the finest ikwork or that for the coarsest newspaper. Twenty two artists and others are regularrj em- 

n m panj was incorporated and commenced operations al the same local three years ago, the manager being Mr II. 

, wh0 basal his coi ind five years' practical experience in the trad,- Mr. Fischler is a gentleman of German birth.and has 

„ ,ver twenty years. This company is now building a new plant (or themselves on Centre Street near Sixth, 
in ord i accommodate their largely increasing trad,-. 

■ I ,|.s BA -5 \i : i,., CO Manufacturers and Dealers in Lumber; Office and Yard, No. 2981 North Broad Streel Thetransac 
t ions' in lumber dailj here in Philadelphia reach enormous proportions, and the volumeof -ale grows steadily. Notable 

>D g the representative firms contributing to the sum of activity In the line Indicated is that of Henry, Bayard & Co 

I are located al No 3931 North Broad Street, their telegraph and shipping address being Gen 

„ i hi are manufacturers and dealers in lumber general!; . si, ng direct (rom mills in Pennsylvania, and make 

., ..j,,.,., ,1,3 f hemlock In dimensions They transact a wholesale business entirely, and have ., cceedii glj large til 

throughoul Pennsylvania New Jersey, Ne« York, Delav ire, Maryland, I and Wesl Virginia. The firm's facilities, both 

i, ' | of s v,s of supplj and for shipping, enable them to execute largest orders at short notice. The premises >u| Ion 

N ,, rlll i, pac ind nmodious,anda stock of h lock, pi I oak n Is constantly kept on hand. total at 

,,, . m anj ,,,.11 sol (eel The house can a dy hemlock In. ro( ..II descriptions In - lal bills, I der, In the prom si 

„ | composed o( Messrs. Chas. W. Henry, James Bayard, Mark D. Sproat, and John , nry, gentle Idl 

iiadelphians by birth, and are well 1 (avorablj known in lumber circles. They have n established a al present sin, i 

i;i i /, Watches, Diamonds and Jewelry, No. 631 Chestnul Streel \" Important and well known house engaged in this 

city as a manufac r and dealer In fine watches, diamonds and |i velrj isthal ol H. M. Betz The 1 stnb- 

Ushed by the present proprietor ten years ago, sit n I, time II I iea.nu developed I th Its volume and 

Fine watches, d If and plain and faun jewelry are m mufactured on the premises I der, and the goods ol leading 

makersand in I tensively handled, and aresupplied al both wholesale and retail; a speclaltj beingmai i 

;h ,. jaieof ■ terms ol paymenl to suil the purchaser; onlj i mlnal Interest being charged on the nel trade 

...... i ii.V hout the Kevstone State al Erankford, Chester, Easton, Reading and Altoona; and the 

prlc 

irters In ll 

:e and 

ltcB the besl Int. restsof the house among customers. 






M 



, ,, office are maintained throughoul the Keystone State al Erankford, Chester, n 

, spacious furnishr, I with everj facility, including a safe of large proportions for the efficient 

, i, always on hand. Four competent a slstante are regularly engage, I. and a staff ol ten travelling 
The worthy proprietor, Mr. H M B*tz, Is a native ol Fraukford.Pa. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



L79 




A. DOUGHERTY'S SONS. Distillers, No. 1186 North Front Street.— Recent improvements in the processes of distillation 
assure the production of spirituous liquors that are of the highest standard both in quality and purity. The old< at, largest, 
and most noted distillers in Philadelphia are J. A Dougherty's Sons, whose headquarters arc located at No. 1136 North 
Front Street. This house enjoys an international reputation and patronage for its special brand of fine whiskey, " Dough- 
erty s I'u re Rye, 1 ' highly esteemed by the trade and first-class retailers, both at home and abroad, for its absolute purity, 
- ipei ior excellence, evenness of quality, natural flavor and fine tonic properties, while it is si .id under a guarantee to give 
perfect satisfaction. The brand of this house is widely noted for its particular merits, and is a prime favorite wherever introduced. The 
goods are distilled in the most careful and systematic manner, and are in every way the standard with the best class of consumers. This 
firm sell their own products only, and 1 1 .- 1 \ < ■ 1 » u i i 1 up a line growing export trade with tier many and South America, while their whiskey is a 
standard favorite in Philadelphia, New York, ( Ihicago, St. Louis, Baltimore, New < Irleans, Washington, Atlanta, Louisville, Omaha, Denver, 
San Francisco, and throughout the whole country from Maine to Oregon. The works of the firm comprise a scries of four and five story 
buildings, on each side of the street, covering a ground area of several acres; while they have their own bonded warehouse with a storage 
capacity of 34,000 barrels, a grain elevator holding 50,000 bushels of grain, and well-equipped cooper-shops; while the distillery has a product- 
ive capacity of 13,000 barrels annually The prices quoted are invariable fair ami equitable. The products of this house are invariably sold 
ahead, the demand gaining immensely each year. The house was founded in 1K41 by Mr. J. A. Dougherty, who died in 180G, after placing the 
business upon a sound and healthy basis, and was succeeded by his sons, .Messrs. C. A. Dougherty, W, H. Dougherty, and J. A. Dougherty 
Sr. W. H. Dougherty being deceased the firm is now composed of Messrs. C. A. Dougherty, J. A. Dougherty, E. V. Dougherty and W. H. 
I >< mgherty, the last two being sons of Mr. C. A. Dougherty. These gentlemen were all reared in the business, and have a foundation under- 
standing of its minutest details and the requirements of the trade. All the partners are worthy exponents of this important industry, 
and the widespread reputation of their house has been acquired and is solely maintained on the basis of the merit of its product and the 
equtt; and integrity of its business policy. 




A. SCHWARZ, Importer of German, French and English Toys and Fancy Goods, Fancy Chinaware, Music Boxes, Etc., No. 
1000 Chestnut Street.— Few persons outside < if those immediately concerned have anything like an adequate idea of the 
extent of the wholesale and retail toy trade in t his city. The growth of the important branch of mercantile activity indi- 
cated has been especially notable during the past decade or two, while the volume of business grows apace. The oldest as 
well as the largest house engaged iii this line in Philadelphia is that of Mr. G. A. Schwarz, located at No, 1006 Chestnut 
Street. This house has been in successful operation since 1859, and enjoys a prestige and patronage thoroughly national in 
extent and eminently creditable in character. Mr. Schwarz is widely and deservedly prominent as an extensive importer of and wholesale 
and retail dealer in German, French and English toys, fancy chinaware, music boxes, etc. The business premises comprise an entire five- 
story building, 25 x 235 feet in dimensions, and unequaled facilities are at hand for conducting all operations under the most favorable 
auspices and upon the largest scale. The immense and valuable stock contains everything desirable in the toy line, including doll carriages. 
skin horses and teams, tricycles, velocipedes, express wagons, sulkies, boy carts, wheelbarrows, boys' and girls' sleds, toboggans, Edison 
phonographic dolls, doll houses and furniture, pianos, xlyophones, zitherns, metallophones, musical boxes, symphoniums, folding board 
-ames. card games, parlor bagatelle boards, lotto games, playing cards, soldier equipments, pewter soldiers, mother goose trains, savings 
banks, jumping ropes, tin toys, building blocks, kindergarten occupations, sChool bags, roll top desks, scholars' companions, paint, boxes. 
painting hooks, clothes wringers, toy knitters, hand sewing machines, tin kitchens, pewter tea sets, Punch and Judy theaters, jugglers' 
tricks, universal spelling hoards. Christmas tree ornaments, amateur photograph outfits, telephones, electric motor and battery, printing 
presses, the People's typewriter, baby swings, tourist cameras archery goods, fishing tackle, field croquet, lawn tennis, puzzles, tops, etc. 
etc. Importations are received direct from all the chief points in Europe and all the freshest novelties and most unique inventions are 
received :is soon as they are ready for the trade. Mr. Schwarz is a native of Germany, a resident of this city for the past thirty-five years, 
and one of Philadelphia's most extensive importers and representative business men. 




polishing 

m.lde I 't S 

large and 
branches 



H LENT/ & CO., COOPERATIVE NICKEL PLATING COMPANY, No. 207 Quarry Street.— The Cooperative Nickle Plat- 
in.: I Jompany, of the firm of W. It. Lentz & Co., was originally founded about a year ago under the above style, and under 
the efficient and able management and direction of Mr. Lentz, the active member of the firm, it has gained an enduring 
hold in the trade, and keeps steadilj pushing its way to still greater popularity and recognition. The premises occupied 
are commodious in size, and are .-quipped in a first-class manner with all the best improved machinery, steam-power, etc., 
while seven experienced and skillful hands find permanent employment therein. The range of work includes grinding. 
and nickle plating in all its branches, which are done in the most expeditious and excellent manner for the trade. A specialty is 
harpening clippers, and all orders receive immediate attention, while the charges are invariably placed at the lowest figures A 
desirable class of patronage lias already been developed. Mr. Lentz. who is a native of this city, is thoroughly experienced in all 
of this industry, and all his transactions are characterized by promptness, care and reliability. 




HRISTIAN PFLAUM, Jr.. Wholesale and Retail Confectionery, Southwest Corner of Fourth and Vine Streets.— Probably no 
line of manufacture has had a more rapid growth in the United States during the past few decades than that of fine con- 

fecti tv. and it can be truthfully stated that the products of our manufacturers at Hie present day are fully equal to 

1 1 lose of France, which country for many years enjoyed the reputation of producing the finest and best, of these toothsome 
delicacies. This result has been accomplished through the energy, enterprise and skill of the leading houses engaged in 
the business \ decidedly prosperous, popular and reliable house engaged in this line in Philadelphia, deserving of more 
than passing notice in these pages in consequence of its superior goods and liberal business methods, is that of Mr. Christian Pflaum, Jr., 
whose fine establishment is located on the southwest corner of Fourth and Vine streets. This well-known concern was rounded originally by 
Mr John Yungker, al this address in 1867. and was conducted by him with excellent success until 1881, when it passed into the control of 
the present proprietor. Mr. Pflaum is a native of this city and was raised in this house, having been connected with it continuously <\ei* 
since 1872, and under his management of its affairs the trade has grown to its present proportions, principally wholesale and extending 
throughout the Middle, Eastern and Southern States, requiring the constant services of four traveling salesmen. The premisi s occupied are 
amply spacious and commodious, comprising a finely appointed store and basement, the latter being used for factory purposes, and is fully 
equipped with the latest improved machinery, tools and appliances, and steady employ men I is given to a full force of skilled and experienced 
hands. The range of products embraces the very choicest grades of confectionery, such as caramels, fine creams, roast and smooth almonds. 
line chocolates, French fruit glaces, bon-bons, French nougat, glazed chocolates, lozenges, Boston chips, pennj goods, mixed candies, etc 
etc. These are made fresh « 1 : 1 1 1 \ of the verj purest refined cane sugar, in which none hut unadulterated fruit and other extracts are used for 
flavoring, while the greatest caution is exercised bj the proprietor that no deleterious substances are perm Hied to be used in Ins establish- 
ment, and the ver\' low est prices are quoted to the trade. Mr. Pflaum is a young man of superior business ability, honorable and upright in 
his dealings, and justly merits the success lie has achieved by his perseverance and straightforward dealings. 



180 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL 



HI I. AD I: LP II I A. 




IOSIAH BRANT, House and Sign Painter, S*o 2Itl Arch Street One ol tfii verj oldest established houses o] its kind in this cltj 

is ill.- reliable and well known e tern of Josiali Brant, house and sign painter, of No. 219 Arch Street, The foundation of 

this fl 'ishing bu > ears, and was originally inaugui ated bj the firm of Hunneker & Brant, who con- 
ducted it most successfully up to about fifteen 3 ea 1 hen the partnership having been diss prei enl proprietoi 

assui I the sole control and direction of its affairs. These premises have been occupied since 1844, and comprise a commo- 

, ■ 1 uk adapted and arranged for the purposes ol the bu in and stocked with a large and firsl '-kiss assort- 
ment of painters 1 supplies of every description As many as twenty to forty skilled and experienced workmen are i and the 
proprietor is always fouud prepared to execute all orders and commissions for anything in the line oi painting, in all its branches, at the verj 
lowest ran- consistent with superior workmanship and fair and equitable dealings. Particular attention it ;iven to house and sign painting 

of all km. is. and all the work executed Es pi the most artistic and finished manner without anj unnecessary delay, satisfact 

being guaranteed in every instance. Mr. Brant, who is a practical and experienced busii i i Lin probity in all ins dea 

is widely recognized as an expert and progressive «->v|*<nit-iiT of this branch of skilled industry . and ins extensive trade is ol the most influen- 
tial and permanent character 




IDWAKD J. ETTING, Iron Broker and * torn mission Merchant, Foreign and American Pig [ron Bars, Blooms, Scrap, Old Kails 
ami Railroad Supplies, No. 222 South Third Street.— This gentleman lias been established In this business here since (861 and 
has built up a reputation and a patronage thoroughly national in extent, He is a large buyer of foreign and American pig 
[ron i tars, blooms and scrap, old rails and railroad supplies, and at ten- Is to the marketing of the product of some of the most 
celebrated furnaces in the United States. He is agent for the Trenton iron Company, for the sale of « Ire and w ire rope; is 
exclusive agent for the Union Mining Company, for the sale of k * Mount Savage" fire brick, for Eastern Pennsylvania, West 
New Jersey and Delaware, and handles foundry and forge iron of different brands in large quantities He lias a storage yard at Pier No. 57 
South, which is connected by track with the Pennsylvania Railroad, and win -re a very large and complete stock is constantly carried. Nego- 
itiable wareho are issued, and iron 1- weighed, stored and delivered. The proprietor numbers among ins permanent customers the 

leading mill men of this city and State, and also has a large and Influential trade throughout the United States. Those in t nested either here 
or 111 an\ part of the United suites in the purchase or sale of iron and steel will find every facility afforded them by this enterprising house. 
Mr. EStting is a native Philadelphian and know n and honored as a gentleman of sterling worth. 




joiix Rt >EHM, Bavarian and Lager Peer Brewer, (Telephone.) office. No. sr>i North Fourth street ; Brewery, Nos. mi 854 Char- 
lotte Street.— The leader in the brewing of Bavarian and lager beer in Philadelphia is by common eon sent Mr. John Roehm. 
This gentleman is an expert and practical brewer oE large experience and high reputatii >n, and established bis business here in 
1886. The brewery is a substantial brick structure six stories high and 120 x ill feet in dimensions, and is splendidly equipped 
with all the modern apparatus, machinery and appliances known to the trad-', a force of twenty-live skilled assistants eon- 
tribute to the satisfactory operations of the house, and the annua] pro lucl averages 50,000 barrels Ourj the very best malt 
ami hops that can be purchased are utilized, and these are handled in such a scientific and careful manner as to result in the production of 
beer, both light and dark varieties, thai really has no superior 111 this country for quality, puritj . fine flavor and uniform excellence, li is a 
prime favorite with connoisseurs and large dealers in. this city and throughout Pennsylvania. New Jersey and Delaware, ami is highly recora 
mended hy the medical fralermi v as a healthful heveruia'. < >rders \>\ telephone, telegraph or mail receive immediate and careful attention, 
and goods are delivered at terms and prices which are invariably satisfactory to consumers and the trade. Mr. Roehm is a native of Ger- 
many wlm came to this country in isrr, He is recognized as a useful and responsible citizen, as well as an authority in the brewing industry 
and is a member ot the Manufacturers' < !lub, the F. and A. M., the Turners and other German societies 




?OBT. L. LATIMER & CO., Dealers in Bolting (.'loth, and Flour Mill Supplies, No -M North Front Street.— Among the old 
established houses in tins city a time-honored and widely- known one is that of K. J. Latimer A. Co., dealers in bolting cloth 
and flour mill supplies, at No. 21 North Front street. This business was established away hack in 1885, by a Jacob B. 
Hitter. Succeeding him came Messrs J. M Latimer & Co The present firm was established in 1886, Mr. .T. M. Latimer 
having retired. Mr. Robert L. Latimer has been connected with the house in all sixteen years, and is intimately conversant 
with even detail of the business. Fie is a native Philadelphian, a man oi sound judgment and superior business ability. 
He has made a specialty of the Celebrated Improved Genuine Dutch Anchor bolting cloth, handled by this house since 1885. Be is also 

prepared to tak dersof any magnitude for flour mill machinery, furnishing complete outfits from top to bottom oil kinds of patent mill 

machinery and mill supplies are carefully packed and promptly shipped to any desired point, such as roller mills, mill stones, portable 
mills, middling mills, cotton, leather and gum belting, elevator buckets, conveyor flights, smut machines, bran dusters, purflers, 
centrifugal reels, bolting chests, bolting cloth, etc. Mr. Latimer can point with pride to a magnificently developed trade in these 
articles all throughout the Southern and Western States, and Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, and New Jersey, all of which is the fruil ol 
honorable efforts well directed, and of studious interest in always selling the best goods ;«t a margin of profit mutually fair to both buyet and 
seller By these methods the firm has gained its present splendid reputation. 




rjrii iTlH in [CE wi IRKS, Ice, Wholesale and Retail, For Table I ■■<- a Specialty, Made From Distilled City Water. No. acio Cal- 
lowh ill Street. The best ice in the world is undoubtedly thai made bj the improved Absorption [ce Machine Invented bj 
Mr. H. D. st rat 1 on, proprietor ol the Stratton Ice Works, at No 3610 Callowhill street. These works are the only manufac- 
turers oi Ice from condensed water that has not passed through thi engine, doing business In Philadelphia, and deals In Ice at 
both wholesale and retail, made from distilled city water, a specialty being made ol supplying 1 e foi table use. Mr. strat- 
ton. the inventor of this pro,- icial ice manufacture and refrigeration, established himself in the business originally 
at Columbus Ga., in 1878, removing to 1 1890 and building his present plant ■■ : istwoof his machines In operation and is 
making unds of ice per d 1 is used by the principal hotels In Philadelphia and is si ice dealers here and elsewhere 
Tins ice is perfectly tran pap nt and 1- mad'' 1 i inches 1 luck and in 200-pound blocks. With his process ol distilling water, Mr Strattoi 

it from all impurities and he feels perfectly safe in making the claim that thi ice made bj ins macl isis equaled 03 the ice made in 

no other ma hundred are in use in the South their sales are rapidly inci luntry. 

1 ipanie and lai ec< 3 in ' ■ 1 ' Pa; Louisville, Ky.; Springfield 

larleston, S. »'.: Mobile, Ala.; 1 1. Tenn.; Savannah. 6a . Jackson vi Wilmington, N. (' : Birmingham, Ala.; Gal- 

veston, Tex : Richmond, Va.; Atlanta Ga . Richmond, tnd and other places, and Mr Stratton controls the ice business in Jacksonville, 
Fla., and also at Pensacola, Fla Mr. Stratton is a native Philadelphi llent repute and standing in mercantile ami social circles, 

and ma) be accounted anion- that class of energy pin ted business men who build up great enterprise in everj avenue ol 

inerce and trade. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



lbl 




|OHN JAMISON", Commission Merchant, Water and Market Streets.— The remarkable growth of the commission business, 
of late years has placed it in a position, and given it a prominence that is assumed by very few other industries in the great 
.■11 3 of Philadelphia, tine of the houses thai have exerted a large influence in promoting the status of this branch of com- 
merce, is that of John Jamison, whose warehouse stands at the corner of Water and Market Streets. The members of this 
flourishing firm are thoroughly experienced in the business, to which they devote their closest attention and care, and have 
shown a commendable perception of the wants of the trade. The business was founded in 1849, by John Jamison, and 
through Hi., energy and ability exercised he soon forged to the front, and became the acknowledged leader in his line. His death occurred 
in 1888, after a long, most honorable career, and he was succeeded by his sons, Messrs. John and Samuel Jamison, who were raised from 
youth in the business, and were amply qualified to continue the success achieved by their revered father. They are natives of this city, and 
members of the Fruit and Produce Exchange, National Cheese, Butter and Egg Association, and the Philadelphia Bourse. The business 
premises occupied comprise a five-story and basement building, 2"> x 100 feet in area, and a large building adjoining. Cooling-rooms and all 
modern conveniences are at hand, and the public warehouses are also drawn upon for the storage of stock. This is the largest butter, egg 
and cheese establishment in Philadelphia, the annual sales amounting to upward of a million dollars. The Messrs. Jamison are sole agents 
for a number of creameries, taking their entire products, and they carry on an active business as commission merchants in butter, cheese 
eggs, lard, pork, hams, canned meats, and other provisions. Consignments are received from all sections of Pennsylvania, New York, Ohio. 
Indiana, and the West, and the trade supplied extends through this State, New Jersey, Delaware, and the South. The activity and enter- 
prise of this reliable firm need not be recounted, since ils merits have been fully recognized in the community, and the city may well be 
congratulated on the possession of such a monument of commercial success. 





)M. S. RHODES & C< IMPANY, Curves, Crossings, Frogs, Switches. Joint Plates, all Size, of h" s, Cable. Street Railway and 

Builders' Iron Work, Machinery and Heavy Castings of ail Descriptions, Twenty-third and Wood Streets.— The 
firm of Wm. S. Rhodes & Co. iwlm are successors to the Way Foundry Co.), Twenty-third and Wood Streets, was 
established about three years ago. They are manufacturers of machinery, and heavy iron castings of every description, 
and can execute orders for anythiug in this line, at shortest notice, their facilities being of a very superior character. They 
turn out an excellent class of work, and have a large and rapidly growing business, producing five or ten tons of eastings a 
day. The foundry, which is an old and well-equipped one, is provided with two large cupolas and ill the latest improved appliances, and 
seventy-five to one hundred hands are employed in tin- eoneern. The firm are prepared to give estimates on cable, streel ami builders' iron 

work, and guarantee perfect satisfaction. Curves, crossings, frogs, switches, joint plates, all sizes of ki s etc . are tin 1 out in the most 

expeditious manner, and gray castings of every size and description are made to order here at short notice, all orders receiving immediate. 

attention, while the lowest consistent prices are quoted. The copartnership i si, is ,,f Mr Wm. S. Rhodes and C. S Bement, the I i-t named 

gentleman being the senior member of the firm of Bement, Miles & Co., machinists. Mr, Rhodes, who is the active manager of thi icern, is 

a man of thorough practical skill in this line, as well as of many years' experience, and exercises close personal supervision over every detail 
of the business. 



182 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELP 



A. 




w.M i; BROS & CO., Founders and Machinists, No 8281 Ward Street This liouse was founded in 186' bj Messrs. Thomas, 
Will i. m i and James V\ alker, an.] William Anderson, under the present firm style. Mr James Walker died al i fifteen 

'•\f\ff \ ven ' 'I' N'ni Walker- .licit, the lin-irr. - nnu heing c lire.-, I In Messrs. I'll. una- Walker mat Win. 

f/^g^^f^' Anderson B«ih gentlemen are natives of Philadelphia, and are practical machinists of thorough skill an. i mature 

expei e I'ln . rare formerl] com ted with the Bushill Iron Works. The plant ludesg land buildings cover! g 

an ample area and Includes foundry, blacksmith shop and pattern shop. The main building lias two il «, each 80x125, 

I eei in size. Tin- n hanical equipment is first class in every respect, and employment is found for some twenty-five experle i workmen 

The firm carry on a general business as founders and machinists, mel( al i 15,000 i - ol Ir iverj week and make o li 

specialty of the manufacture of gold and silver mining machinery. Tire goods are all of superior excellence, and the large trade supplied 
extends all throughout the United States, Chili, Mexico, Cuba and Canada 

ICHAEL J. BROWN, Wool, No. 105 Chestnut Street.— Although established but two years oil his own account as a wool 
broker, Mr, MichaelJ. Brown has been actively eugaged in the wool trade for the past twenty-eight years and for twentj 
live years was prominently Identified with Messrs. Gregg Bros., Gregg, Green & Co., and W, II. Gregg .v. Co., »uocessiv< i\ 
Tin is Mr, Brown has at his command a long and varied practical kuowledge of the various qualities and grg les of wool, 

,-s| rally ii tic wool, their respective application aud suitability for different manufactures, and the tendency and 

prou 1 1 .1-- ...in C i In- market al auy time as regulated by Bupply and demand. It will therefore be uudersl I that Mr, 

Brown is enabled to meet il xact requirements of consumers of every class al rock bottom prices, while on i li her hand his estal li 

re i with manufacturers places him on a distinct vantage ground in the speedy disposal of wools. Mr. Michael J Brown, who wa 

born iu the Quaker City, is secretary of the Building Association League of Pennsylvania, and is a newspaper mi i recognized attain- 
ments, being editor of the Building Society column iu the "Public Ledger," and the " Press," and tariff matters in the " North American 




JOHN L. JORDAN, Reeerv. r ami Dealer in nutter Eggs, Cheese, Poultry, Game, Etc . No. 806 North Front Street "r f the 

in. .si active and enterprising receivers and dealers in butter, eggs, cheese, dried fruits, poultry and game is Mr John i.. 
Jordan, who has been established in the business here since 1668 He long ago developed a desirable and growing trade with 
buyers in this city and vicinity, and ha* manifested special abilities in the securing "1 the choicest of supplies for Hns market. 

n icupiesan entire four stun building, supplied, with a cooling room and all modern facilities tor I Illng and pn Ben Ing 

the sii.-k. ami is in daily receipt ni supplies fresh from lire hands of producersin Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Iowa, Illi- 

s. v- \ Jersey, Delaware and New York. He is the receiver of the product of several celebrated creameries in New York and the West, 

which is m heavy demand by the choicest trade in this city; while he also handles the finest factory brands of cheese • I ■ • t from New York 

markets, as well as fresh eggs, dried fruits, and Ihe best poultry and same in season Mr Jordan is a native of New Jersej . in the active 
prime of life, a member of the Philadelphia Produce Exchange aud the National Butter, Cheese and Egg Associaliou, 




a 




II JONES, Manufacturer of Sash, Doors and Mill Work in General, Office Fixtures, Etc : Prompt Attention to Planing and 
Sawing; Factory, rear Nos. 2938 and 2935 North Broad Street.— The enterprise bo successfully conducted bj Br. .1. II 

.1 s as a manufacturer of sash, doors and mill work in general in the rear of Nos 2928 and 2925 North Broad Street was 

originally established in 1891 by Messrs. Jones and Clymer, Mr. .loin's succeeding to the sole control In the fall ..I lhal year 

' The business premises comprise a two story building, 40x60 feel In dl nslons, rutty equipped with the latest improved 

wood working machinery, operated by a steam engine of 45 horse power- and giving employment to a large force "l skilled 
workmen The pi incipal business to which attention is devoted is the ex.- -mion of all Uirnls of mill work to order, including the manu 
of office fixtures, ,|i„, r s a ni « unl .»■ frames, and a valuable line of inside and out side finish, suited to the requirements of the trade 
and public, and which by reason of its superior excellence iu both material and workmanship is in heavy and influential demand throughout 
the city The facilities hen- possessed for the prompt execution of orders and commissions are of the most complete anil perfect character, 
-while piic.-s are placed at the lowest point of moderation, and success, which is well deserved, has crowned the efforts ol the proprietor in 
catering to the demands of his patrons iu this direction of trade Mr. Jones is a native of Montgomery County, Pa., in the prime ol life, a 
member of the Knights of I'iiyilnas ami Knights of the Golden Eagle, and a reliable and substantial business man. 




J.M A. SIMPSON \ SOX, Insurance. No. SJB Walnut Street -No nrm has legitimately achieved more dosorv e,l pr im-ni 

national fire insuran irclesin Philadelphia than Messrs. Wm. A. Simpson M Son The business was founded In 1856b] 

Messrs Wm. A and li Mitchell Simpson, as insurance brokers, and, on the death of the honored senior partner In : k -s, Mr 

B Mitchell Simpson 1 ame sole proprietor, continuing the business without change In the firm name. Herepresents here 

in Philadelphia such fa rs and powerful corporations as the Phcen x. ..i i!i klyn; the British America, of Toronto; the 

Broadway, of New York; the Spring Garden, of Philadelphia; and the Washington, of Cincinnati, while be nls.. transacts a 
general brokerage business in fire insurt Under his management and through his energy this agency not only retains its old custom- 
ers, bul issteadil] including new ones, and now controls lire insuring of many of t lie largest ami most desirable lines of business and resi- 
dential property in this city and vicinity The policies of this firm have always been clearly worded, explicit tracts; their rates are the 

lowest commensurate with absolute security, and, as is well known to hundreds of their customers, all losses an. promptly adjusted and 

paid. There are few, ii any. tirms here who ex, il them in the annual volutin of their business as agents ;t ml I linkers; I heir record is one 

of the most creditable character, and their enterprise and honorable, liberal tin ..Is have deservedly secured an i [tensive and desirable 

circle of patronage, and the; are in everyway representative of tin- vast insurance interests "i the United States. Tbec panies they 

it ire worthy ol every confidence The Phcenix has assets i unting to $5,187,267.60 with a cash capital of $1,000,000; the British 

America has assets In Its l ini.-.i sr.rtes hraucli of $791,878 0' : -unl the Washington gives special attention to Insuring store buildings, dwell- 
ings and household e Is foi a term of one. two, three or flveyears.al a mat -rial reducl r. yearlj terms, aiming to do a small, well 

selected business at rates equivalent to the hazard. Mr Simpson is a native Philadelphia!!, a member of the Philadelphia Fire Undi rwriters' 
Association, and an ex p. it and talented underwriter and adjuster. 

(Has MURTHA, Brick Manufacturer, Germantown avenue, above Broad Street.— This enterprise was founded in i860 

by David Mu role business man, who foresaw tl xtenl to which this industry would expand In the Quaker i 1 1 > . 

lined at the head of affairs up to 1886, when his son, the present owner, came into the control. The plant com. 
i prises thirty a. i. ..i clay land, equipped with four large kilns, the most Improve I machinery, driven i.\ steam power, and 

the rorktag force Inch) stxtj men i nd fif a teams Mr. Murtha manufactures hand and machine pressed bricks for 

building purposes ind the works have a yearly ..at put ... 10,000,000 bricks The product is of a uniformly superior quality, 
as Hi,, trade is well aware, and builders and contractors are supplied upou the most liberal twins Mr. Murtha Is a member ot the Order of 
Odd Fellows, an organization he strongl] supports, nn.l he is popular)] I wn in this his native city 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PH1LADELPIA. 



183 




|AMES KERR, Rectifier and Wholesale Dealer in Pure Old Rye Whiskeys, Brandies, Wines, Gins, Etc ,No 1638 Markel Street.— 

In the mv.ii ujiimi' Irani., of Philadelphia the house of .lames Kerr, located at No. 1628 Market Street, has for several years 
past been widely known as a leading source of supply for all the best brands of foreign and domestic wines and spirits, and 
tit" extensive trade now controlled reaches throughout Pennsylvania and New Jersey, and consists mainly in selling to job- 
bees and large retail houses, although a number of private families are supplied at wholesale prices. This important under- 
taking was founded in 1869 by the present, proprietor, who receives valuable aid at the hands of his son, Mr. D. J. Kerr, to 
whom are entrusted the clerical duties and office management. Of the various kinds of whiskeys, rums, brandies, gins, wines, etc., handled, 
the house deals largely in the finest brands of Pennsylvania whiskey, and makes ;i specialty of Gibson's Pure Rye, while several choice lines 
in both wines and liquors <■!' foreign and domestic origin, are seleeted with the greatest care for family trade and medicinal purposes. The 
business was conducted for twenty years at Nos, 1709-173 1 Market Street, but owing to recent developments those premises were found to be 
inadequate, and m 1890 a. removal was accordingly effected to the present location. Here four floors and a basemeitt are utilized, each 35 x 125 
feet in size, well fitted and fully equipped throughout for the most satisfactory handling of the heavy and regular shipments received and 
dispatched, seven duly qualified assistants being regularly engaged "ii the spot, and two travelers throughout the country among custom- 
ers. A heavy and choice assortment of \\ ines and liquors, especially wins keys, is here always carried, duty paid, and a large bulk is also kept 
in bonded warehouses. .lames Kerr was with the house Of Gibson, Son & Co., for twelve years, from whom he received his training in this 
bno. and had charge of their floors for nine years of that tune. He is a member of the Liquor Dealers 1 Association, while his son is of Phila- 
delphia, birth, and still a young man. 

■JOHN A. ENGLISH, Dealer in Salt and Fresh I tysters. Nos. ■'Jl t mid 316 South Delaware Avenue.— The most extensive house in 
Philadelphia engaged in the industry is that of Mr. John A. English. Mr. English has an expert and valuable knowledge of 
ih'- oyster business, in which he was literally raised from boyhood. In ISI'kJ he established operations on his own account, on 
S.»nili 1 1. -la ware Avenue, and for the past thirtv years has I n Ideated at his present address, Mr. English enjoys the high- 
est esteem of his compeers for his many fine qualities, and in the trade his reputation for integrity and upright business 
methods have given him a popularity from which has accrued an ever-increasing patronage. Mr. English is an oyster planter, 
ow ning large oyster beds at Morris Cove, on the east shore of the Delaware River, from which shipments are mad'- via the West Jersey rail- 
1 'oad and boats. The finest oysters in the eountry are raised at this cove, and connoisseurs ran testify to their hiseiousness. Mr. English also 
owns an equal interest in the West Shore oysters cf Delaware Bay, Del., and owns some thirty sailboats. He employs 200 hands at the 
beds in the oyster season, and thirty hands at the store in this city. About half a million oysters are shipped daily to all parts of tin- United 
States in winter. The oysters are sold shucked and in the shell. Only first-class fresh and salt water oysters and clams are handled, and the 
trade is supplied upon the most satisfactory terms. 





jjEORGEL. FLICK. Manufacturer of Steamship Ranges, Galley and Cabin Stoves, Etc., No. 141 North Front Street.- !-n\ odd 
years of uninterrupted prosperity marks the business career of George L. Flick, manufacturer of steamship ranges, galley 
and cabin stoves, etc.. No. 141 North Front Street. He is one of the oldest and foremost in his line in the United States, and 
has a large patronage. He turns out a superior class of work, including side lights, anchor lights, ventilators, deck irons, 
deck plates and kindred articles, also tin, copper, iron and brass ware of every description for vessel use. Floors are laid 
with tile, brick, iron or zinc, at short notice, likewise, and satisfaction is assured in every instance. Mr. Fliek is manufac- 
turer of the celebrated " Keystone " caboose, u hich is conceded to be in all respects the most excellent article of the kind produced in the 
country, ami which is steadily growing in favor, owing to its exceptional merit. The quarters occupied as shop. etc.. are commodious and 
well equipped, and several competent workmen are employed. A first-class si nek is constantly kept mi hand, out tits for new vessels being a 
specialty . and all orders for anything in the line above indicated will receive prompt and personal attention, while the prices charged here 
arc of the most reasonable character. Mr. Flick, who is a gentleman somewhat past the meridian of life, but active and energetic, is a man 
of thorough practical skill as a general metal worker, being an expert in the fitting out of galleys and cabins, and is master of his art in all 
its branches 




|ATSl >N, PARKER A" C< > . Foreign Fruits and Produce, No. '204 North Delaware Avenue. — A recently established house that is 
achieving a, most, marked success in the trade, is that of Watson, Parker & Co. The firm began operations in May. IS!);.', and 
through the thorough knowledge gained by long experience, the copartners, Messrs. R. J. Watson and H.B.Parker, have 
quickly forged to the front, and are acquiring a rapidly extending patronage. Both gentlemen are natives of Virginia, hut have 
long lived in the Quaker City. Mr. Watson was formerly with the Hart Steamship Company, of Philadelphia, and J. D, Hart & 
Co. of Baltimore. Mi". Parker was with the Baltimore Fruit Company, of this city, and ( '. M. Taylor A Co, and Hut A Co., oi 
Baltimore. The firm occupy a spacious store, 35 x 350 feet in dimensions, in which is a banana ripening room with a storage capacity for from 
seven thousand to eight thousand bunches of bananas. They carry on a general business as commission merchants in foreign fruits and prod- 
uce, making a leading specialty of bananas and cocoanuts, large consignments being received from South America, < lentral America and the 
West Indies. A large stock is at all times kept on hand. In all their business transactions Messrs. Watson & Parker have evinced, in a marked 
degree, the sterling qualities and equitable methnds incident to a successful mercantile career. 




SHLAND IH >TEL, European Plan. Oliver Sproul, Sole Owner and Proprietor, Seventh and Race Streets.— One of the very best 
among Philadelphia's popular priced hotels is the Ashland Hotel, Seventh and Race Streets, opposite Franklin Square, of 
which Mr. Oliver Sproul is the sole owner and proprietor. This is a favorite resort for commercial travelers and professional 
people, and occupies a niche in the esteem of the traveling public accorded to few establishments of the kind in this city. 
The " Ashland '" is centrally located, being convenient to the principal business thoroughfare, and is easy of access to all 
points of interest, horse-cars for all sections of the city and suburbs passing in the immediate vicinity of the house. The 
hotel budding is a substantial five-st.irv brick structure, containing 110 rooms, and is handsomely furnished throughout, It is well lighted 
thoroughly heated and perfectly ventilated, and is provided with ample safeguards against tin- and accident. The sleeping a pari ments are 
commodious, airy and comfortable, tin' accommodations are tip-top in every particular; the fare is of a superior eharacter, the service and 
attendance are all that could be desired, and the bar is stocked with the finest brands of wines, liquors, cigars, etc The house is conducted 
,,,, ih,. Eur ipean plan, being open for the reception of guests at all hours. The prices range from fifty cents to two dollars per day. for single 
rooms, and upwards for suites. The dining-room is spacious, neat and inviting, there are well-appointed sample and billiard-rooms connected 
with the hotel, which has two commodious entrances, and the office is conveniently situated on the ground floor. Altogether everything is 
first-class, and the guests of mine host of the " Ashland " are assured of the best treatment and mosl superior " creature comforts " the city 
affords at the terms here prevailing. Mr. Sproul, by whom this deservedly popular and flourishing hostelry was established in 1ST9, is a 
native of Knrope. and a man of pleasing and courteous maimers, as well as good business qualities. Mr. Sproul has had many years 1 experi- 
eiice in this line, and prior to coming u> this country had been engaged in the business in England for some time 



184 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



I A Hi H J) GODWIN, Architect and Engineer, Office, No. 905 Walnut Street.— The gentleman whose name heads this sketch is 
our ot ttii- most skilful and best known among the younger architects and engineers of Philadelphia. Mr. Godwin, who has 

.1 u . II equipped Office, where he employs several competent assistants, is u t ip natively young man and was hum in ox 

borough, Philadelphia He is a thoroughly practical draughtsman, all round architect and civil engineer, of ample expert- 
ence in his profession, and is ma sot of his art in all its branches He has been established about six years, and has acquired 
a large and flattering patronage. lie is prepared to make plans for all classes of buildings, giving particular attention to 
mills, factories and business structures generally, and guarantees the utmost satisfaction. Designs, specifications, etc., arc furnished at 
short notice, while construction is personally supervised. Mr Godwin, who is now engaged in putting upthe Forest Laundry, Twelfth 
Street and Columbia Avenue, has built a crematorium at Germautown, and the Maternity Hospital <d Pa., and many notable structures 
in and around Philadelphia, including a number of manufacturing establishments, store and office buildings, school nousesand institutions, 
best les 1,000 or more private residences. 




(RKENHALGE & WADSWORTH, Plush Manufacturers, Corner Somerset and Palethorp Streets— The plush manufacturing 
industry is well represented in Philadelphia by the house of Greenhalge & Wadsworlh. The members of (he linn, Messrs 
Robert O. Greenhalge and Jackson Wadsv. orth, both possess a thorough, practical knowledge of their calling, and therefore, 
when they established business lit teen years ago. they were amply qualified to win tin- substantial Buccess that has Btnce lot 
lowed. The premises used cover an area of 40xl.",o feat, and the equipment consists of twenty four looms, steam power, and 
all apparatus applicable to the industry. Forty hands are employed when the factory is running full. Messrs. Green 
balge & Wadsworth manufacture plush of all grades making a specialty of the finer lines, and their goods are all of a uniform excellence 
that assures their guarantee value to the trade. The output amounts to about twenty -five forty yard cuts per day. and the goods are sold 
direct to jobbers in all the principal cities of the country. Mr. Greenhalge was born in Philadelphia. Mr. Wadsworth in England, hut he 
has resided in this city twenty -eight years, and they sustain au excellent reputation in the industrial world. 




S CHANDLER. Tobacco Commission Merchant, No. 65 North Front Street. — One of the oldest Philadelphia houses engaged 
in this line is that of W S. Chandler, whose establishment was founded twenty-five years ago by W. S. Chandler & Co . Inn 
for tin past live y-ars Mr Chandler has been in the sole control lie is agent I or t he Greenville Tohacco Company of Louis 
ville, Ky.. J. N. Wyllie & Co., of Danville. Va. and Larus & Bro,, of Richmond, Va. The Greenville Tobacco Company's 
brands are: " On the Square," " Monitor, M " Lemon Pie '' and " Brandy ; " Wyllit-'s brands: " Stonewall." * Uncle Beams," 
" Happy Hunter," and " Old Dominion; 11 Messrs. Larus & Co.'s brands; " Peyton & Co." and "Jones & Son's Cavendish." 
He sells by sample on commission, having influential connections with manufacturers, and has permanent customers in all parts of Penn- 
s\ h inia. New Jersey, Delaware and Maryland. All goods are shipped direct from factory. Mr. Chandler is a native of Delaware, and has 
resided a lengthy term in this city 




[ARRY SWAIN, Druggist, Second Street and Snyder Avenues and No. 1820 South S ml Street i me of the most successful phar 

macists in tins section of Philadelphia is Mr. Harry Swain, who operates two stoics, one at Second Streel and Snyder Avenue, 
that he inaugurated two years ago, under the same name, and another at No. 1829 South Second Street, also established by him 
seven years ago. The stores are ample and commodious, neatly arranged, furnished and equipped with all modern conveniences 
for the skilful performance of the work. A full and complete display of pure fresh drugs and chemicals is show n, together 
with all kinds of proprietary remedies, druggist's sundries, physicians' requisites, toilet requirements, fancy articles, etc. All 
goods may he relied on as being the best, and no expense is spared to maintain both of these establishments at the highest standard of excel- 
lence A specialty is made in the compounding of fluid extracts, compounds, and tinctures, of Mr. Swain's own superior preparation, and 

the dispensing of physicians* prescriptions and family recipes by a corps of skilled and competent assistants at fair and reasonable pr a 

Mr. Swaiu, who is an active young business man. and studied with Dr. S D. Marshall, is a native of Georgetown, Del., and a graduate of the 
Philadelphia College ot pnai macy and a member of the Alumui Association, 





•KEAH iF. \ Met 'i 'MB, Wholesale Commission Merchants in Poultry Rggs, Fruits and Produce, No. 888 North Front Street.— 
Among the better known and more substantial wholesale produce commission merchants engaged in the Quaker City, a 
prominent place is occupied by the responsible firm of McKeaige * McComb, who are receivers of heavy and regular con 
signmeuts of poultry, eggs, butter, fresh and dried domestic fruits and all kinds of vegetables in season, produce, calves, 
sheep, lambs, hogs and other live stock, for disposal upon this market, from many of the best growers, raisers and pro 
ducers throughout Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and M iryland These consignments, in the linn's skilful and ex 
peril-need bands, lind speedy and safe channels of consumption among retail dealers and other wholesale consumers hereabouts; accurate 
account sales are rendered, prompt settlements made, and every facility is extended to patrons. This old and reliable house came into the 
hands of the present linn in 1891, the copartners being Mr, A. McKeaige and his son in law. Mr. James McComb. A spacious floor and base 
in. ut an- utilized and are well lilted and equipped for ih.- receiving, handling, packing and despatching of consignments in tin- most expedl 
tious in l satisfactory manner. Of the experienced proprietors, Mr. McKeaige was born in Ireland ami came to Philadelphia about fat tj 
years ago, while Mr, McComb is a native of this ,-a . 




|LDINE LIVERY STAPLES AND HIDING ACADEMY. Twenty Second Street above Pine. T Riddle & Co . Proprietors. 
Equestrianism, or borse back exercise, is on.- .-i the most healthful forms of recreation, and is every year coming more 

and more int.. pop I at- favor Puling schools are to be found in all large cities, where one may gain a knowledge of the art. 

< ni.- ..I tin- best conducted establishments of the kind is that ..t the Udiue Riding Academy, on Twentj -S : Streel above 

Pine. T Riddle & Co., proprietors Theyalso conduct a eteneral liveryand I ding stable business. This academy is the 

most complete ami largest In tl Itj for educating ladies, gentlemen, and children in horsemanship it is thoroughly ten 

Hlated 1 1 -• la--. I. and op.-n day ami evening nine months ..r the year, iron tober 1st to .lime 80th Everj i reniei ami .-..in tort has 

been Introduced for patrons mdthe greatest attention is i_.iv.-n to correct ami thorough t. -aching and tin- besl care for children. The terms 

are reasonable, ami special classes are held for gentlemen ami ladies. The pi ises occupied comprise a two story and baseme illdlng, 

80x125 feel in dimensions the upper tl ■ being I as i riding academy In addition to the riding school, the linn conduct a general livery 

.mi bo le, lei private tur s, make a specialtj --i saddle horses, and special attei tlon i- paid o. furnishing complete estal lish- 

ments - - Ing parties to and from churches weddings balls, parties etc ihopplng, park driving, etc The stable has ampie a a 

an i fortj set and rigs an- kept at t lisposal ot the i lie Doe ROle proprietoi --t the establishment, Mr. T. 

was born abroat bit n Ided in tbii city the greater part of his life, having come here in 1850. He is a sound judge of horseflesh, 

and is popular with .-ill who know lum 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



185 




nor character. 



AMUEL W. BROWN & CO., Platinum Enlargements by Eleetric ami Solar Light, Office and Printing Rooms, No. 915 Sansom 
Street.— The work turned out by some of our leading photographers in the line indicated above is certainly a triumph of 
science and skill, in which connection special mention is due Samuel W. Brown & Co., than whom none in the business in 
Philadelphia sustain a higher reputation. The platinum enlargements by electric and solar light made in this establishment 
are unsurpassed in a single feature of excellence, and are noted for fidelity and execution. The facilities are first-class in all 
respects, all the latest improved appliances and appurtenances being in service, and the work done here is of a notably supe- 
Mr. Brown, who is the sole proprietor, is a native of this city, ami a young man of exceptional skill, and is an expert in his 






line. He started in business in December, 1883, and from the first has been highly prosperous, acquiring a large patronage throughout the 
United States, with some also in the West Indies and South America. He occupies two spacious floors, which are perfectly equipped for the 
purposes intended, and employs several competent assistants. All classes of work in the line above indicated are done here in the most 
expeditious and excellent manner, and satisfaction is guaranteed in every instance, all orders receiving prompt and personal attention. Mr. 
Brown is a member of the F. and A. M., K. of G. E., American Mechanics, Knights of Birmingham and other societies. 

gREAVES' MACHINERY DEPOT, No. 109 North Front Street.— The well-known textile machinery depot of Charles E. Greaves, 
No. 109 North Front Street, was established about twenty-two years ago by the present proprietor. It is a< sfoei mown 

and best-patronized concerns of the kind in this city. The quarters occupied here are commodious and well arranged, and a 
large, first-class stock is always kept on hand. The assortment includes new and second and hosiery, wool and worsted 
machinery of every description, lathes, twisters, winders and spooling frames, spools, cards, and. in short, everything in this 
line, both for hand and steam-power. Every article sold here, too, is fully warranted, while the prices charged are distinctly 
low, ami all orders are attended to in the most prompt and careful manner. Mr. Greaves is a gentleman of middle age, and was born in Eng- 
land, but has long been a resident of this city. He is a man of practical skill, as well as of many years' experience in this line, thoroughly reli- 
able in his dealings, and gives close personal attention to every detail of the business. 

10HN H. KENNEDY. Contractor and Practical Furniture Finisher in all its Branches, No. ll'.ti North Second Street.— This well- 
known house was established in ■ Si and itb career has been one of steady development, while its management has been 
marked with prudence, energy, ability and liberality. The premises occupied contain 10,000 square feet of floor surface* 
supi led wit p. all appliances necessary for the successful prosecution of the business. Furniture of every description is 
finished and refinished n any shade or color desired by experienced workmen, who are also sent to all parts of the city 
and country a liort notice. Special inducements are offered to manufacturers and dealers by the single piece or car load, 
and estimates are promptly furnished upon application. A large trade has been established, which is steadily increasing, and large contracts 
are being continually finished for the leading manufacturers of this and other cities. Mr. Kennedy is a native of Virginia, and has been at 
times manager of the finishing departments of extensive manufactories in Boston, New York and Baltimore. He is thoroughly experienced 
in his business, and a reliable, responsible business man, and we would commend the house to furniture dealers and manufacturers as being 
well worthy their attention. 

GRIENDLING'S SONS, Barbers" Chairs. Supplies, Furniture and Interior Decoration, No. 213 North Second Street.-The 
well-known establishment of J. Griendling's Sons, manufacturers of, and dealers in barbers" furniture and supplies, was 
inaugurated by J. Griendling in 1852. This gentleman, after a long, honorable and successful career, retired in 1887, and 
his sons continued the business. The premises occupied cut uprise three floors, 20x75 feet in dimensions, fully equipped with 
everything necessary for the successful prosecution of the business. The firm are prepared to fit up any style of barber- 
shop, from the smallest to the largest, with chairs, mirrors, mug-cases, washstands, poles, etc., also deal extensively in 
razors, hones, strops, brushes, combs, etc. The elegance of their productions are unsurpassed, and are the best that money, talent, and 
skilled labor can produce. A specialty of the house is cup decorating, and they turn out some of the finest and richest barber s mugs in the 
country. The trade of the house extends throughout Pennsylvania. New Jersey, and Delaware, and is large and constantly increasing. The 
members of the firm are C. Griendling and J. Griendling, Jr., both natives of Philadelphia, and of excellent standing in business circles. 

F. SWEENY & SONS, Engravers of Signs in Brass, Copper, Nickel and Silver Plate. No. 709 Sansom Street.— The well-known 
representative house of J. F. Sweeny & Sons was established by Mr. J. F. Sweeny in New York City in 1857. He moved to 
Philadelphia, fifteen years ago, and in May, 1892, his two sons. Jos. ]7'., Jr., and James E., were admitted to partnership 
The firm are engravers of brass, copper., nickel and silver plate signs. They also engrave memorial tablets, name plates for 
engines and machinery, door plates, etc. Mr. J. F. Sweeny has had thirty-six years' practical experience in the business, 
and his sons have been trained to this business from childhood. Two spacious rooms are occupied, fully equipped with 
special machinery, tools, and appliances, and a force of skilled and experience '. workmen is constantly employed. Designs and estimates 
are cheerfully furnished, and the prices in all cases arc extremely moderate. Sweeny's engraved brass and silver signs may be seen in all 
parts of the United States, and the demand for them is steadily increasing. The members of this reliable firm are all natives of New Y r ork 
City, but have been residents of Philadelphia for the past fifteen years. 

1DWARD McGETTIGAN, Importer of Fine Wines and Wholesale Liquor Dealer, Southwest Corner Eleventh and Bainbridge 
Streets. — Prominent among the leading houses engaged in the wholesale liquor trade in Philadelphia is that of Mr. Edward 
McGettigan, located at the southwes'. corner of Eleventh and Bainbridge Streets. This gentleman is an extensive importer of 
fine wines and a wholesaler of domestic and imported liquors of the finest grades. He established his business here in 1865, 
and bis facilities for the prosecution of the trade are equaled by but few houses in this section of the country. Cash pur- 
chases, direct importations, long experience and a thorough knowledge of the business in all its branches, together with 
progressive and liberal methods of management have enabled this house to compete successfully with its largest eotemporaries in city or 
country. Mr. McGettigan in all things keeps fully abreast of the age. His order is flashed over the cable to the vintners of Germany. France 
ami Spain ami the goods are received and put on sale in his fi.no establishment the succeeding week. He is widely noted as a direct importer 
of the famous products of the Rhine valley, the champagne. Burgundy and Medoc dish his of France, and the Malaga and other Spanish 
vineyards, including special dry sherries of great age and perfect bouquet, the best ports from oporto, and Madeira and Hungarian wines, 
French cognac brandies. Holland and London Dock gins, the finest old Irish and Scotch whiskeys, English ales and porter. Connois- 
seurs will recognize here the finest products of the Old World, while in Bourbon and rye whiskeys, the assortment is equally compre- 
hensive, a specialty being made of the celebrated Dougherty ami < fibson whiekej s These brands are noted for their ma chless qualities and 
have achieved a popularity second to none in the market. They are absolutely pure, contain no fusel oil, and whether for social indulgence oi 
medicinal purposes they have no superior. Two thousand barrels are kei t in bond and order's for all grades of goods handled receive 
prompt and careful attention. Mr. McGettigan controls the very best class of hotel and retail trade in this city, is a member of the Wholesale 
Liquor Dealers' Association of Philadelphia, an expert and practical red ifler ami an honorable, reliable ami self -made man. 








HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



[EO. r BROWN, Wholesale Commission Merchant, Butter, Eggs, Cheese, Poultry, Etc., No. 8121 South Street. Among the 

and responsible butter, egg. cheese and poultry wholesale commission merchants In this viclnftj le Mr. George P, 

Brown who established his enterprise In 1885. The store occupied is commodious, ample and neatlj kept, ruling markel 

prices prevail, while a heai j and fine stock is constantly kepi on hand, embracing tin- choicest of creamery buttei fresh 

gs, prime cheese and poultry, and game In their respective seasons Daily consignments of these good* are regu 

larly receh ed from the most reliable sources of rearing and production, and such are the facilities of the bouse, expanding 

j naturally have, thai Sir Brown is enabled to guarantee that everything emanating from the establishment shall be of first 

class character. An extensive suburban and city trade is t njoyed of both w hole-sale and retail character Mr. I'mw d is a young man. 

and a native i Chester Count] . Pa. 





|l'\\ \ PHILLIPS, Burial Casket and Coffin Manufacturer, N. \V. Corner Tenth ami Lombard Streets One of tin* largest 
manufacturers of burial caskets in the entire city, if not the largest, is Mr, Edward A. Phillips, carrj Eng on In*- operations 
al the northwest corner of Tenth and Lombard Si reets. This responsible and progressive enterprise i-- the centre of a trade 
of considerable magnitude and significance, reaching throughoul New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia 
and other adjacent States, and it now enjoys a wide reputation for turning out the finesl and most uniformly reliable work. 
Caskets and coffins of all kinds art- manufacl ured to order and for stock to any pattern or design, from the simples) to the 
most elaborate and detailed instructions are rigidly adhered to, and plans, drawings or ideas are accurately interpreted [n addition, the 
house is a dealer at both u holesale aud retail in r\rt y possible requisite for the undertaker and funeralisl ; the list of such goods being far 
too lengthy and comprehensive to give here; suffice it to say that the house possesses every facility for meeting the full requirements of 
the best trade, houses promptly and at rock bottom prices, The business wis established in 1876 bj the present proprietor, who possesses 
a practical experience in this line dating back to 1858. The premises utilized consist of a four story building, 40x100 feel In dimensions, 
wi li fitted throughout and inli\ equipped for the due prosecution of (he trade; a large and handsome collection of coffins, caskets, and 
undertakers 1 requisites is always on view, and nine skilled assistants art- regularly employed. Mr. Edward A Phillips, who was horn En 
this city, is a member of Post No. 5 of the GrandArmyof the Republic, and served from 1862 throughoul the late war, us private In the 
11 siii Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. 



JO. W. C. BAKER & CO., Real Estate and Insurance. No. 4019 Lancaster Avenue Although ol comparatively recent es- 
tablishment, Messrs. George W. C Baker £ Co., located al No. 1019 Lancaster Avenue, have already succeeded ha building 
up an extensive connection as real estate and insurance brokers and agents, and their clientele now includes a number of 
prominent capitalists, property owners, trustees and others hereabouts. Tims the firm's services are largely sought for 

w'*PT^SR|f all lirnnehes of t lie (in >f--s-.ion. nn .r .• part ieu l:n I \ forth** pun-base, sale :tnd fx<-li,iii^i ( | i . al estate, espt-eiallv iesid--iit tal 

property in the twenty- fourth, twenty -seventh and thirtj fourth wards, the collection of house and ground rents aud 
interest, ihe letting of premises, the preparation and careful examination of titles, deeds, leases and similar instruments, the settlement, 
transfer and entire management of estates, and the speedy negotiation of loans upon bond or mortgage; while as Insurance brokers thej 
are enabled to cover all desirable risks al the lowest current rates of premium, obtaining policies from any responsible corporation de tred 
The sole i roprietur, Mr. George W, C. Baker, who was born in San Francisco, California, lias broughl bis Western push with him, is sub- 
a *ent ror the Royal Assurance Co. of Liver] I, and was formerly engaged with the building firm of Nicholson and Michael son. 




RED W HEERMANN, Importer and Wholesale Dealer In Wines and Liquors. Fine w hiskies, Brandies, Etc . No ;, ... n t ver 
lord Street, a well known and very successful wholesale wine and liquor dealer in West Philadelphia is Mr Fred. W 
rleermann, carrj ing on his operations at No 3726 I iaverford Street, \\ ho is held in high repute for hnni ling the most reliable 

and satisfactory grades of goods and for strictly h< rable dealings m all transactions. All kinds oi imported and domes 

1 1. ■ wines and liquors are handled, both bottled and in bulk, including fine h hiskies, brandies, gins, rums, European wines, 
and, as a specialty, California wines. The house is :i direct importer of Rhine wines, and has always on band a full assort 
meni of pure rj e and Bourbon u bis kins, brandies, gins and wines specially selected for family us.* and for medicinal purposes. Moreover; 
a heavy stock of all kinds of imported and domestic wines and liquors is always carried both dutj paid and in bond; three competent 
assistants being regularly employed on the premises. Mr, Fred W, Heermanu established himself in 1882 in the retail liquor business, 
which he gave up in favor of the wholesale in l*sT. He is a native oi tins city, now of middle age, and is a member of the Wholesale Liquor 
Dealers 1 Association of Philadelphia 




l-\ VAN GUNDEN, Marble and Granite Dealer, No. urn Fairmounl Avenue.— Mr. W F. Van Gunden, marble and 
granite dealer and worker, located al No. Hut Fair-mount Avenue, although established as recently as 1891, has 

''■»%■ already sun ii^l in \\<>r ing up a trail*- of largi' proportions, vvld.-b n<-e^ atairs [lie regular employment of 

s twenty skilled mechanics. This pronounced success is largely attributable to the wide range of practical 

experience possessed bj the proprietor, who was for twenty-four years with Van Gunden <£ Young, ns workman and 
salesmnn, and bis father, of i hat firm, was a marble worker (>>r over fifty years. Mr. W, F Van Gunden undertakes, f r 
an influential patronage throughout the city and country, the manufacture of .'ill kinds of cemetery work in flue marble and granite, such 
as monuments, Lombs, headstones, columns, etc., including the hest descriptions of carving and ornamentation: and designs and estimates 
are at all times cheei fully furnished upon application. The yard has an area ol 50x100 feet, and beside** being fully equipped with nil tools 
and appliances pertaining to the trade, contains a fine display ol work executed on the spot. All orders are sure of receiving prom] 
(i.- fulfilment under the dose personal supervision of the able proprietor, who Is a native of Philadelphia, and now of middle a e 





ll. FAIRLAMB & CO., Shippers of Portland and Rosendale Cement, "Bed Beach " ■ alcined Plaster, Land Piaster, White 
:m ,i Bar Sand; Office and Wharf. Nog. 115 to 121 South Thirtieth Streel \ foremost house engaged In the shipment of 

cement and plaster is thai of P. II. Fairlamb & ■.. whose nffic ie' se and wharf are at Nos. 115 to 131 South 

Thirtieth Street; telephone 174, W. P. This enterprise was founded ten wars ago. under the present firm style, by 
Mr i airlamb, and two yoarf ago he admitted Mr. R K s nu\U-y i<.n partn.rship int. -rest. Moth are natives of this rity, 
and business men of thorough experience, who follow a sou d policy, and are equitable and honorable in alltheii deal 
ings. Tl • \ are members of the Builders 1 Exchange. The firm occupy extensive premises, possess all requisite facilities and conveniences, 
and ca Usen Portland cement, Dyckerhoff Portland cement, Excelsior Portland cement, Diamond Portland cement, 

s & i; Portland cement, Dragon Portland cement. Saylor's Portland cement, Emproved Anchor cement, -Improved Union cement, Hoffman 

Rosendale cement, Rock Lock Rosendal tment, Shield Brand Rosendale cemi nt, -Red Beach calcl I plaster, land plaster, plnsterlnfi h m 

Chester Vallej lime, mortar colors, marble dust, etc., and special attention is given to shipments of fine and coarse white sand and bar 
sand i.> the carload or barrel. In 1891 Messrs. Fairlamb &Co. dl posed of 30 000 barrels of cement, and this year expect to sell 
rhaps greatly exceed that figure, as their trade is rapidly increasing. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



is; 




OORE, KELLY £ Co., Wholesale and Retail Dealers in choice Lehigh and Schuylkill Coal, Etc., No. 1528 Washington Avenue, 

Residence No. 8233 < latherine Street \ very s essfulflrin of coal-merchants in the southern seel £ Philadelphia is that 

of Messrs. Moore. Kelly & Co. at No 1528 Washington Avenue, who handle the finest grades of Lehigh and Schuj Ik-ill coal for 
manufacturers' and family use. bituminous coal for blacksmiths, genuine 72-hour Connellsville coke, and kindling wood by the 

cord, load or box. The trade controlled reaches throughout the city, and in coal and coke is lucted al both wholesale 

and retail: large regular consumers being supplied in car-load lots at substantial ind mentsas to pr s ana terms, delivering 

and qualities. The premises have teen employed as acoalyard tor the past twenty years, and in Septe ir, 1891, the present Hrm took 

possession, the copartners being Mr. Robert Moore and Mr. Tl las Kelly. The yard, 80 x 100 feet in size, lias a railroad siding running into it, 

so that ears direct from the mines can unload on the spot; sheds, hi us. etc. are provided, and every conveni e is at hand for keeping the coal 

dry, under cover, as also for carefully picking aud screening the heavy stock carried. The retail trade aggregates twenty-five hundred tons 

a tallj and several competent hands and patent wagons are kept constantly employed. Of the energetic proprietors, Mr. Root. Moore was 

horn in this city in 1864; while Mr. Thomas Kelly, was horn in Ireland in 186T, coming to the railed Slates (New Egypt, N. J.) in 1882, 
and settling in this city six years ago. 




|AMES L. WILSON, Painting in all its Branches, No 518 South Ninth Street.— There is little doubt but that the oldest-estab- 
lished painting and decorating business in the entire city of Philadelphia is that conducted by Mr. James L. Wilson, located 
at No. .MS South Ninth Street, for it was founded as tar hark as is:)3 at the same location by Mi-. James Wilson, who was 
succeeded in 1873 by his son. the present proprietor. In face of such a long standing, it needs scarcely to be said that a high 
reputation attaches to the house lor exeuting the finest and most reliable work in eacli branch of the trade at fair and reason- 
able prices, and a largo local business is now controlled, the volume of which furnishes regular employment for upwards of 
twenty skilled workmen. All kinds of painting are equally undertaken, including fine sign writing and lettering, plain and ornamental work 
on exteriors and interiors, fresco, panel and other artistic painting to any design from the simplest to the most elaborate, tinting, gilding and 

general d 'rating; and among the many important contracts undertaken may be noted the work on the United States Warehouse, the 

\iseual and a number of residences all over this sect ion. The shop. 20 feet square, is fully equipped and contains a large and carefully 
selected stock of requisites and supplies. The experienced proprietor. Mr. James L. Wilson, is a native of Philadelphia, and was brought up 
to tins line of trade. 



W. GOODMAN. Printing House. Designing and Engraving. Blank Books, No. 116 North Third Street. -For over twenty-seven 
years S. W. Goodman has been established, and has conducted business at the present location since 1805. He turns out a 
very superior class of w-ork, is prompt and reliable in executing orders, and his prices are exceptionally low. Mr Goodman 
was born in Germany, but has resided in this city a long time. He is a practical printer himself, master of the art in all its 
branches, and gives close personal attention to every detail of the business. The quarters occupied by him are commodious 

and the facilities are first-class. There are two cylinder presses, four jobbers and I xcellent outfit of type in service here 

and fifteen to twenty hands are employed. Mr Goodman is prepared to give estimates on all classes of bonk and job work, line commercial 
printing being a specialty, and guarantees perfect satisfaction. Designing and engraving are attended to also, while blank books are made 
lo order in any desired size and style. 




,i:i.i:il A. DYER, First-class Boarding Stables, Nos. 2715-2717 and 3719 Germantown Avenue.— The boarding stables of Peleg A. 
Dyer were established by the present proprietor in 1888, and in consequence of the honorable and just methods he employs in 
the conduct of the business, his success from the outset has been of the most pronounced character. The building occupied 
is a commodious two-story structure, 50 x 130 feet in dimensions, fitted up with all the modern facilities and conveniencec for 
the purposes of the business, and both the front and rear are provided with fire-escapes. The entire main door is devoted to 
the stabling department and this is well lighted, thoroughly ventilated and drained, and perfect as regards sanitary arrange- 
ments, while m winter the stables are cut off from the cold by partitions. Accommodation is here afforded for fifty head of stock, and the 
proprietor makes a specialty of boarding horses by the day, week or month, in fact, for any length of time, at the most reasonable rates, and 
all animals intrusted to his keeping receive the very best of care, food and treatment. Mr. Dyer has in his care at all times horses belonging 
io many of our most prominent merchants and private citizens. He is a native of Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and has resided in this city 
twenty years. 




(HARLES P. LAWRENCE, Sailmaker, No. 10 North Delaware Avenue.— The business of this prosperous concern was founded 
in 1865 by Mr. Charles Lawrence, the father of the present proprietor, who was one of the most successful sailmakers in this 

city. In 1890 the present proprietor. Charles P. Lawrence, succeeded, and his ably snslai I the high reputation of the house 

which was won by his father. The premises occupied comprise the third, fourth and fifth floors of No. 10, each 50 x 75 feet in di- 
mensions, and are equipped in the most improved manner for business operations. Mr Lawrenc anufactures all kindsof 

sails of every size, style, and variety, flags, tents and awnings. He makes a specialty of large sails and of supplying Philadelphia 
yachts with sails and other rigging in this line. Sails and Hags are made to order in the most, expeditious and excellent m aimer, and a fine 
assortment of goods may also be found on hand at all times. Mr Lawrence does a large trade with all seaports of the United States. He 
understands his trade thoroughly, having been brought up to the business with his father from a boy. All his work is noted for its durability, 
accuracy and thorough finish. Mr. Lawrence is a native of Philadelphia and is a young man of push and energy, and all the go-ahead qual. 
ities that make up the successful business man. 





I'. ALLEBACH, Watchmaker. Jeweler, and Importer of Watches, also Dealer in Diamonds. No. 130 North Second Street. - 

This business was established eighty years ago i,\ Tl Dubosq, who was si ;eded by Mr, Seginise, and he by Mr. Arose. 

I n [859 Mr. Allebach bought out the business and has eon tinned it ever since. The quarters occupied are well fitted up and 
handsomely appointed and were the first in Philadelphia to have plate glass windows. Mr. Allebach was born in Pucks 

i ' mnty, Pennsylvania, and lived, during his youth, in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, I ming identified with Ins trade 

early in life. He learned the an of watchmaking ami soon achieved an enviable reputation for the superiority of his work. 

This establishment attracts marked attention bj reas f tl xcellent workexcuted. Mr. Allebach is a manufacturer of high case clocks 

and in this branch of business he has had twenty years' experience, His workroom is equipped with al! machinery, dies, etc., for the manu- 
facture of watches and clocks, and also for repairing Mr. Allebach also deals largely in diamonds and imported watches He selects his 
diamonds with great care, giving particular attention to the color, cutting, shape and brilliancy These la- keeps either in parcels or 

mounted and sells them at remarkably low prices. The building which be occupies is one of tl Idesl in Philadelphia and is famous 

tor us pulor in which Washington once danced, 



188 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 




gM. 11 COLLISSON, J» Plumbing, Steam and <J;is Fitting, No, l955Germantown Avenue.— The well-known house «>i Wm, II Ool 
lisson, Jr., was established in 1863 bj Messrs. Schriver a < lollisson, the presenl proprietor, a son ol Mr. Collisson, succeeding 
ontrolin 1882 The premises occupied comprise a Btore&nd Bhop, 35 \ 80 feel In dimensions, and eight ol the most skilled 
and experienced workmen to be Pound are constantly employed The large well-selected stock of the various commodities 
incident to this line of trade is complete in everj department, and the work performed, which embraces plumbing, steam 
and gas Fitting, and general job work is noted for its superior excellence Specimens of Mr. Collisson's work maj be seen In 
any *-•!' Hie tine residences in this seel ion, and lie has also fitted up mills and factories. Modern hum inn is of building have made steam heat- 
ing a nea ind in this work Mr. Collisson excels, He accepts contracts for the complete piping of houses for gas, placing chai 

and putting in fixtures. He does ail grades of plumbing, puts m sinks, basins, and fits bathrooms in the fines! and most dern styles, ah 

work in the line of sanitary plumbing is done in the most scientific manner, and satisfaction is guaranteed in every Instance. Mr. < Jollisson 
is a practical workman, and sees to it thai every contract that is carried out Is to the utter satisfaction of his patrons Mr. Collisson is a 
native of Germantow n, a promineni member ■ >! the American Mechanics, the a. O. of United Workmen, and i* bighrj esteemed as an b 
able, reliable business man 




'Mm ' %J*- iSC-rit irSs IS! IFB Mi H 1 S^v* 






fwrp 






' '!:!.«« 



t$ 'imi y«tw 




Ji-*V. 








Ninth Strkbt. aHOWING POST OFFICE. 

|U(',rsT Wl UNI I! Mn - r ol Fine Shoes, No. 1028 Walnut Street. Imong tin- makers of fine shoes In (ins city fen il anj 

enjoj a better reputation than lugusl Werner. He lias I n established here about two years, and lias a large and growing 

■i He has a well-appointed store, «iili shop in coi tion, and employs ten experien 1 workmen. Mr Werner Is a 

gentleman ol thirty-six, born in Germany, and lias I n in Philadelphia - 1874. He is a man ol practical skill and 

rou h experience, and is master of his art. Mr Werner, who was for thirteen years with Benkerl ,^ Son, prior to going 

into business for himself, makes ladies' and gentlemen's I is and shoes to order, and guarantees satisfaction In everj 

,,i i. making a leading i Ity ol fine custom work II is prices are very reason ible, I [uality "f materia] and character ol work- 

manshi] aidere I, while perfect in is assured. He i n linnd a Bret-class stock all of his own make. 





I i I'lii.N \ BIi KM \M I., if Tobacco; Packing House 
Stephen \ Bickham was of the firm of Martin Bickhan 
. .! olved and the business continued i>y Mr, Stephe 

limensions, iveniently fitted u 

r |{har upplies a large number of cigar 

in lar i ma quai ■ He de ils prlncip illj In I lot 

He has always on hand an exl tocl I ill trades of both foreign 
and extends throughout the United 3tab Mi Bickham is a native ol 
,1,-ai. i excellent judge o' the v. I His business is conducts! i 



Churchtown. Lancaster Co Pa No 163 North Second Street— Mr. 
& Bro., from Maj l880toDec 1891, at which time the partnership, 

ii A.. Bickham alone. The premises occupied comprise three fl •s 

containing al ill times a large stock of domestic cigar leaf of all 
manufacturers in this and other cities with the flm I d me I 

ut. New York State, Wisconsin, Ohio i Pi • l< tl 

and domestic leaf. The trade o) the house is wholi - ile md retail, 

. . . i Pa., was born on a farm, and is a practical t 
p ,, ,, polli ... ritj hi. I liberality. 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



lis» 




[ OHN W I'.i iNNl',R, Agent, Manufacturer of Fine Dress Shirts, No. SIO Walnut Street.— One of the oldest-established houses in 
tiie city engaged in the manufacture of fine dress shirts is that of which John W, Bonner is agent. The enterprise was 
inaugurated in 1866, and the house enjoys a high reputation for the excellence of its productions and has customers in all 
parts of the United States. The store and shop occupied are of ample dimensions and the finest facilities are at hand for 
manufacturing shirts to order, and employment is furnished to a large force of skilled hands. The goods are made of the 
best material and warranted to give satisfaction as to tit and workmanship. Mr. Bonner is a native «.f Ireland but has been 
a resident of this city for forty-two years. He is a thorough master of his art, honorable and reliable in all business i ransactions and emi- 
nently popular with his numerous patrons. 

rTANTON & LEWIS. General Blacksmiths, No, 318 Branch Street, above Race Street.— Messrs. James P. Stanton and William 
Lewis, who compose this firm, are both men in the full prime of life and natives of this city. They are thoroughly skilled 
genet a I blacksmiths, of twenty-five and thirty years' experience respectively, and are masters of their art in all its branches. 
They have been established here at No. 318 Branch Street (above Race Street) since 1N90. and have built up a large and grow- 
ing trade. They have a spacious and well-equipped shop with two fires, aud employ half a dozen hands. Blacksmithing in 
all its branches is executed by this firm in the most superior manner at short notice, and forgings of every description are 
turned out by them, steel work being a specialty. Chasers for printing machinery, etc., are manufactured, likewise, and jobbing generally 
is done with skill and dispatch. All orders receive prompt and personal attention, and all work is warranted to be first-class. While the prices 
charged here are of the most reasonable character. 




H. MEDICKE, Manufacturer of Heaters and Ranges, No. 1331 Vine Street.— A very successful sheet metal worker in this city 
is Mr. J. H. Medicke. The chief lines undertaken are the sheet iron work for heaters and ranges, and putting them up in 
working order with all piping and connections, hot air work, a general line of copper, zinc, sheet iron and tin work and tin 
looting as a specialty; while particular care and attention are devoted to all kinds of bricklaying, repairing and jobbing. 
The business was established in 1873, by the present proprietor, who is thoroughly practical in this line and maintains ;I 
close scrutiny over the prompt and accurate fulfillment of all orders undertaken. The trade reaches throughout the city 
and suburbs and furnishes regular employment for six skilled mechanics. The store, 20 x 40 feet in area, is well fitted and arranged, and 
contains a carefully chosen stock of the standard makes of ranges, heaters and stoves; efficient and economical. The shop in the rear is 
fully equipped and every facility is at hand for turning out the best work on short notice. Mr. J. H. Medicke, who is a gentleman of middle 
age, was born in Germany, reached the United States in 1863, and is a member of the Free and Accepted Masons. 





JOHN OGDEN & CO., Apothecaries, Walnut and Thirteenth Streets, and Arch and Nineteenth Streets. —A leading establishment 
in Philadelphia for drugs, chemicals and medicines, is the elegant and reliable pharmacy of Messrs. John Ogden & Co.. 
located on the corner of Walnut and Thirteenth Streets and Arch ami Nineteenth Streets, the former being established over 
fifty years and the latter some twenty years ago. Both are handsomely and attractively fitted up and will always be found to 
contain a full and complete stock of pure drugs and chemicals, the rarest and latest preparations, all the standard propri- 
etary medicines, surgical instruments, sick-room appliances, physicians' requisites and druggists' sundries. The firm is one 
which pays the strictest and most careful attention to the compounding of physicians' prescriptions, using nothing but the purest ingredients 
from the best-known houses of this country aud Europe, and the house has the utmost confidence of leading physicians. This firm also- 
manufacture the celebrated Remington Still, used for fluid extracts, etc. ; while they also put up a valuable line of tonics and remedies. The 
firm is composed of Messrs. John Ogden and W. S. Harvey. Mr. Ogden, the active member of the firm, is a native of New Jersey, a graduate 
of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, a member of the American Pharmaceutical Association and is an accomplished and popular busi- 
ness man. 



he 



&35S 



HE PHILADELPHIA STORAGE AND UPHOLSTERING COMPANY, Lewis King, Proprietor, No. 1!ISS Pine Street.— The 
Philadelphia Storage and Upholstering Company was established in 1888, by King & Myers, and under this (inn name was 
conducted up to about a year ago. when Lewis King, the present proprietor, assumed sole control. Mi-. King was born in 
Florida, and has been in this city fourteen years, and is a man of practical skill and thorough experience in his line. The 

I'uiMin- upi'-'l by In in is a eonimoi lions two-story structure, with ample facilities, and half a dozen in help are employed. 

A large and fine stock of antique furniture can always be found here, and every article sold is fully warranted, while the 
prices prevailing are exceptionally low. Cabinet-making and upholstering are done in the highest style of the art. Repairing is neatly 
done, likewise, and interior decorating is executed in the most superior manner, all work being warranted first-class. Furniture, household 
effects, china and valuables are carefully packed, stored and shipped, and moving is attended to with care and dispatch, at reasonable rates. 

R PANCOAST, Building Stone, Main Street, Near Highland Avenue.— The largest and most successful dealer in granite, blue- 
stone, limestone, and other stone adapted for building purposes in Philadelphia, is Mr. S. R. Pancoast. The business was 
founded here in 1883, by Mr. J. N. Keach, the present proprietor becoming a partner in 188T, and succeeding to the sole con- 
trol in 1890. The business premises cover an acre of ground and every facility is at hand for systematic and successful 
work in all branches of the business. A large force of competent workmen is constantly employed under the personal 
supervision of the proprietor. Mr. Pancoast is prepared to furnish estimates for the construction of buildings of all kinds, 
and many of the finest buildings and private residences that grace this section of the city have been erected in whole or in part by this 
house. A large and valuable stock of stone and granite is kept on hand which is cut to order at short notice. Mr. Pancoast is a native Phila- 
delphian, who lias been ci mnected \\ ii ii this branch of business for the past sixteen years. 

|OHN F. WALSH'S SONS. Wall Paper and Interior Decorations. No. 246 South Eighth Street.— Tin- reliable liouseof John F. 
Walsh's Suns. No. 246 South Eighth Street, has long been known to every one in Philadelphia who has had occasion to think 
of beautifying a home. Tin- business was established by"Mr. .Tohn F. Walsh in 1860, and at his death. Messrs. Andrew A. and 
Thomas C. Walsh succeeded to the control and have been eminently successful in keeping up the excellent reputation that 
the house has for years enjoyed. These gentlemen are widely known as expert fresco painters and general interior decora- 
tors and their services are in great demand by th->se of refined tastes. The premises occupied by the firm comprise a store 
and basement, 20 x 60 feet in dimensions, handsomely furnished and containing a large stock of wall papers in all the latest styles. Speci- 
mens of their work may be seen in tin- Oily Court Huns,-. Eden Hall and in most of the convents of the city, beside many fine private resi- 
dences, business houses and banks. From ten to twenty workmen are employed and all orders are promptly filled. All work is under the 
personal supervision of one of the firm and satisfaction i^ guaranteed in every instance both as regards workmanship and prices We 
would recommend those desiring trubj artistic workmanship in this line to leave their affairs in the hands of this firm. 





190 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




H. WALMSLE\ (Limited), iciansand Photographic Stock Merchants, No. 1022 Walnut Street This company was duly 

incorporated and commenced business at the same Location in 188U, the. officers being Charles Bready, Esq . Chairman, 
and J. W. Delany, Esq Secretary and Treasurer, A specialty is made of the accurate preparation of oculists 1 pn 
tions, the lenses, etc., being ground and polished on the premises; and moreo^ er, the company are retail dealers in all 
kinds ot optical goods, spectacles, eyeglasses, Lorgnettes, lenses, microscopes, objectives of all powers, as well as a 
lull Hue of photographic supplies and requisites for amateurs and professionals, the latest improved cameras bein( i 
Of the h hole a large and v< n complete stock Is carried, representing i be finest manufact ures In each line, obtained direct 

itance from tin' Leading sources ol supply upon the most advantageous terms. The store, 2ta 10 feel in area, Is hands erj fur 

ff( ]| appointed En detail, and the factory , in the same building, is i'uli\ equipped, ten skilled assistants being regularly employed, 
eadj and J, W\ Delany were both boru in this city. 

HI. II GODS HALL, Carriage Builder, Mam Street and Highland A. venue The specialty of this house consists of a rich class of 

work of ill" highest finish, Buch as landaus, coupes, broughams, victorias and fine buggies, all oi which are modelled a\ 

the latest approved principles of construction, according to the correct >t \ le; and the materials us d, From the axles and 
wheels ■ -ij^ht through to the paint, lacquer and varnish, are of the finest quality the mark-': affoi ds moreover, anything in 
the form of a vehicle is manufactured to order, and detailed instructions are rigidly adhered to; repairing, painting, trim 
rning and jobbing of all kinds are neatly executed and promptly attended to, and vehicles of any sort are taken on storage. 
The enterprise was established in 1S84 down in the citj b> the present proprietor, h ho lias been actively engaged in this line of trade since 
1871, and removed the seat of Ins operations to his present Location five years ago. Here a lot, 78x200 feet in area, is utilized, having upi n it 
a building of three floors, each 85x62 feel in dimensions, furnished throughout with a full equipment of machines, fires, forges, appliances, 
tools and accessories for fine carriage and wagon building, from AtoZ; ten mechanics being regularly employed, all skilled in their re- 
spective departments. Mr. William II. Qodshall is a young man, a native of Bucks County, Pa . and came to Philadelphia in 187*J. having 
been an esteemed resident of Qermantown for the past ten years 





,i THERFOBD & BARCLAY. Miners and Manufacturers of Rutherford's Metallic Paint; Office, No. 517 Droxel Building; 
Works, Lehigh Gap, Pa,— Messrs. Rutherford <S Barclay, as miners and manufacturers of "Rutherford's Metallic Paint," 
established their business in 1886, and have won a high reputation They are now turning out 1,000 tons of paint pei reai 
while they make but one color— brown. It is extensively used in all climates for painting railroad ears, bridges, Oil barrel-., 
metal roofs, vessels, brick walls, shingle root's, fences, out buildings, machinery, iron railings, gas holders, etc. It is 
manufactured from magnetic iron ore, possesses peculiar properties not found in any other paint, and is always uniform 
and reliable, is unexcelled in durability, and is the very best coating for iron, tin and wood in the market. It is lai gely used for paint- 
ing collages and hotels a I all sea si le resorts, as it is not affect I'd by salt air as Other pigments are. Shingle rOOfS pain led willi two Ci l 

of Rutherford's metallic paiui will not warp or crack, and will be preserved for years. It outwears all lead paints and costs onlj one 
quarter as much. It is warranted fire proof and free from adulteration; recnoires no drier, contains no sediment, and has greater spread 
uig capacity than any other paint. It i-- in use throughout the United States, Canada, and many portions of Europe The copartners, 
VIessrs. Henry Rutherford and Charles Barclay, are native Philadelphians. 




lEORGE II. WEST <£ suns. Wholesale Dealers in Boots and Shoes, No. 21 North Third street An odd half a century of un- 
interrupted prosperity marks the history of the well known house ol Gteorge H. West & Sous, wholesale dealers in boots an 1 
shoes, i bus making it one of the oldest and hading establishments of the kind in Philadelphia. The firm handle even, thing in 
the line Indicated, and their business which extends throughout the Middle Stales and the principal portion of the South, ig 
very large, the total annual sales reaching a handsome figure. The building occupied as office and salesrooms is a con mo- 
dious live story and basement structure, equipped with freight elevator and complete facilities, and eight of a staff are here 
employed, in addition to seven representatives on the road. An extensive and first class ^ toc« is constantly kepi on band and Includes tool 
wear of all sizes, widths, shapes and styles, in both fine and medium grades, ladies', misses' and children's low cut shoes being a Bp4 i 
Every pair sold by this reliable firm are warranted as to make n. I material, no inferior goods, whatever, being handled, while the verj lowest 
consistent prices are quoted, the most liberal inducements being offered to t be trade, and all orders are filled in i he most prompt and trust 
worthy manner This time uied and deservedly popular bouse was established some fifty odd years ago by H F. & W Rodm ■> and later 
passe I Into control of West. Southworth & Co., who were succeeded In 1878 by GeoYge II. West A Sons under which firm name the business 
has since been conducted with eminent success, although the senior member was removed by death in January, 1890. Messrs Peinberti a B. 
West and Henry I*'. West sons of George If.', who now compose the firm, are gen i leinen in i he prime of life and natives of I his city Mr. 
Pemberton B West is a prominent Mason and is also an active member of otber societies 



DWARJD FADIN, Fruit an I Produce, No, 310 North Delaware V venue. (Hie ol the most successful and prominent, a- well as 

tbe oldest, dealers in fruit and produce in this city is Mr. Edward Fadin who has t n <-siatihsh.il [n trade since 1856. Mr. 

Fadin is a native of Philadelphia and resides En Camden. His business has attained a large development through the able 
management he has given to it since the retirement of bi£ partner, Mr, Austin, about twelve years ago, at which tii ,e nt 
moved to bis present stand, He handle.-, ail kinds ol country produce, vegetables etc , and also deals « xtensii ely In fruits, 
such as bananas, oranges and lemons His large banana room at all times, contains a choice variety of thai product. En 
domestic fruits also he does an enormous trade and acts as general purchasing agent. He has a liberal patronage on all lines, having 

i oiis Inlying customers among dealers and large consumers r y\ ir house Is one Ol the besl and most w idelv known in t he eit\ . an 1 in all 

his dealings Mr. Fadin has the reputation of being one of tbe most honorable men in the trade and has gained hosts of friends during his 
: □ i.ii inet career. 




\NIKI. DOREY. Importer and Manufacturer of Hat and Cap Leathers and Springs No 28fi Race Street. A.mong the repre- 
sentative stanch houses in its special hue in Philadelphia, the i 'i set concern and t he one best known is that ol Dai i 

] torey. Importer and manufact urer of every variety of hat and cap leathers and springs. It is the oldest I se In this trade 

in the United States, and enjoys an immense patronage imong the leading hat manufacturers [t was established li 
by Mr. Dorey, and was originally located on H irket Street, and remained there nineteen \ ears: then Mr Dorei moved to 
Third Street, and after stopping there twentj years, toofe up his quarters in hispresenl place, at No. 285 Race Street. T * ■ 
this building, which he owns, Mr. Dorey occupies two large floors, each twenty feet wide and one hundred feet deep, containing every nee- 

I appliai fo i lie needy turning oui of large stocks of pjoo Is He employs half a do/, m experl hands, and supplies the trade prfnei 

pallj m the Middle and Southern states, yp- Dorej » a present preeminence is no i •e than the just reward properly <\\\>- to efforts rightly 

directed, Be Is a native ol Philadelphia Id and honored resident, and a man widely respected for his splendid business talents. 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



191 




MHl^^ 







l ^mi,^, 




HRISTIAN MILLER, Importer and Bottler of all Kinds of 

Malt Liquors, Alacondas, Natural Mineral Water and 

Aerated Waters, Prompt Attention to Orders by Mail. 

Nos. if t.' 20 East Chelten Avenue. German to wn. — The 

oldest-established and largest bottling house in German 

town is that of Mr. Christian Miller, located at Nos. i * t *. > 
SO East Chelten Avenue. The business premises occupied comprise a 
building, 71 x 70 feet in dimensions, and three stones in height, fully 
equipped with all the latest improved machinery operated by steam- 
power. Employment is furnished to twelve experienced hands and 
orders are promptly filled. Mr. Miller is an extensive bottler of all kinds 
•>r malt liquors, natural mineral water and aerated waters; lie also bot- 
tles Bergner A EngePs Premium lager beer, porter, ale and In-own 
stout, India pale ales, etc. The house hasseeureda large family and gen- 
eral trade in this sectiou and Philadelphia, and five wagons are kept 
busy delivering goods. Orders by mail or express are given the prompt- 
est attention and goods are delivered at the shortest notice without delay 
Mr Miller is a native of Bucks Co., Pa., but has been twenty years a resi 
-lent of this city. He is a member of the Knights Templar of the F, 
and A. M , the Knights of Birmingham, and the Red Men He is thin- 
ougbly acquainted with all the demands of the trade in which he is 
engaged and is honorable and reliable in all transactions. 

J. BH>I)LE, Drugs, No. 3348 Market Street.— One of the most prominent and valuable retail drug establishments in Philadel- 
phia is that of Mi (* J. Biddle. located at No. 3348 Marker Street This concern was founded Dy Mr. Heathcoate. and since 
his time has been controlled by several different proprietors, Mr. Biddle taking possession in Oct., 1879, as successor to I'-m 
Shoemaker, Jr. Mr. Biddle has. by skill and energy, built up a large and influential patronage and maintained a popularity 
vouchsafed to but few of his competitors. The store occupied is handsomely fitted up with cherry fixtures and every facil- 
ity is provided for the prompt and accurate transaction of business. The stock embraces pure drugs, chemicals, and stand- 
ard proprietary remedies of every description, the assortment containing nothing but the freshest and finest goods. The display of toilet 
and fancy specialties is rich and attractive and comports admirably with the reputation of the house for handling only the choicest produc- 
tions that can be obtained. A specialty is made of the compounding of physicians 1 prescriptions, and the preparations, for safe and respon- 
sible service, are unsurpassed. Mr. Biddle is a native of Bucks County, Pa. He graduated from the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy in 1S7 4, 
and is a member of the Alumni Association of the same. He spent five years in the Philadelphia Hospital and learned this business with 
Bullock X' Crenshaw, lb- employs two experienced assistants, is thoroughly qualified to successfully conduct tin* affairs of the business and 
is highly regarded as one of the most capable and trustworthy gentlemen in his profession in the city. 

VANIER, House. Sign and Fresco Painting, Plain ami Decorative Paper Hanging. No. '.t South Sixteenth Street.— Twenty 
years of successful, steadily-growing business is a record to be proud of. That is the record of Mr. A. Vanier, whose store 
at No. 9 South Sixteenth Street, has one of the finest lines of wall paper in the city. Twenty years ago Mr Vanier started 
in business as a painter, and, in 1890. he added the wall paper business. He has a neat store, 35 x 40 feet, where he carries 
an immense stork, which includes a full line of American wall papers. His main business is house and sign painting and 
he makes a specialty of interior decorating. His shop is at No. 1734 Barker Street. He emploj s from 25 to 40 men and 
turns out a high class of work, being one of the leaders in his line in the city. He is himself a practical worker, a fine designer, and an 
artist of rare skill. His business is mainly in the city and suburbs and he caters for a high-class trade, for which he has fine facilities Mr 
Vanier is a native of Boston, but he lias been here since his boyhood He is a member of the F. and A. M.. Knights Templar, I. O. 0. F. and 
other organizations. 






i HARLES A. EBEL. Teamster. Residence. No 1927 North Twentieth Street, Office, No. 1003 Sansom street One of the best, 
known, most popular and enterprising business men of Philadelphia in this special line of activity is Mr, Charles A. Ebel. 
teamster, whose office is most eligibly located at No. 1003 Sansom Street. Mr. Ebel. who was born in Germany, came to 
this city to reside twenty years ago. and I wo years later embarked for himself in bis present business, of which he has since 
made such a pronounced success, and his popularity as a careful anil reliable teamster is widespread. lb- has in his employ 
five experienced and efficient workmen and owns four of the largest wagons, and he is always found prepared to undertake 
all kinds of teaming, truck loads ol anything.no matter what weight or size, being conveyed to any required distance in the most careful 
and safe manner lie promptly tills the largest orders, and proper attention in every instance is given to all transportations entrusted to his 
ranv while his charges are invariably placed at the most reasonable rates consistent with fair and jusi dealings. A large, permanent and 
extensive trade has been developed throughout this city and the general business transacted amount-- to a most prosperous annual aggre- 
gate Mr. Ebel is thoroughly experienced in e< erj branch of this business and all those entering into business relations with him will find ii 
to their advantage in everyway. He is well known in social as well as mercantile circles, being a member of the I. O. O. F, 

1 VMES A. LOUGHNEV, Plumber. Gas and steam Fitter, Office, No. 40-13 Lancaster Avenue. — One of the most popular and 
extensive plumbing and gasfitting businesses in Philadelphia is that conducted al No. 4048 Lancaster Avenue, by Mr. James 
A. Loughney, who has been entrusted from time to tune with the Fulfillment of some highly important and significant con- 
tracts, among others being the whole of the plumbing of sixty -live houses on Thirty-eighth and Broom Streets, the building 
at Fortieth and Spring Card en Streets. Twenty-eighth Street and Fairmount Avenue; sixty-five houses on Forty second and 
Otter Streets, the building at Twenty-first and Parrish Streets and seventeen houses on Forty second and Baring Streets 

Thus, Mr. Loughney's ability to execute the finest work at reasonable prices is s< by established upon actual results, and since he initiated 

his business twelve years ago, he has succeeded in working up a large trade in this section of the city, the volume of which furnishes 
employment for upwards of thirty skilled mechanics. All kinds of sanitary and ordinary plumbing, gas and steam fitting are undertaken. 
including jobbing and repairing in all branches of the trade, contracts for new work, drainage, ventilation, piping, connections, the supplj 
and fixing of water-closets, urinals, bath-tubs, cisterns, tanks, pumps, bath boilers, washbowls, chandeliers, gasbrackets, radiators, etc 
The workshop isspacious and fully equipped and every convenience is at hand for irning out the best work on short notice. Mr. Lough- 
ney, who is still a young man, is a thoroughly practical plumber, having learned the trade with Messrs, Hare. Kite & Pros., and personally 
directs the prompt and accurate fulfillment of each order with winch he is entrusted 




in-' 



H I S T O R I C A I- AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA, 



' > 1 1 N BUGGARD Importer 4 I White Linens. Linen Specialties. L C Handkerchief! Nos 86 and 88 Strawberry Street One 

f the oldest and most extensive Importers of this class of goods ,s Mr John Huggard, who imports direct from Belfast Ire 

'iX^'Tl^t I l:l "' 1 - l_l white linens, shirting linens and other specialties, linen cambr c hai dkerchiefs. etc., and carrii - a full sti ch In all 

slV* ^""t!' 'I" 1 '- I' 1 "' I'll-llirv. premises Colli pi'lSC sa leSIO, •!! I ,111.1 I • ! I ^- . ■ 1 1 HtH . CU'll -.'.'iXMl 111 IIIW. Willi II II I, UStll I . U sll i ] ' | II 1 Ig pilip, -es 

Two travelling sales n are employi d. and a large business is transacted In Pennsj Ivanla. Ne i 5 '01 •« and Men Jersej Mr 

Huggard established this business in 1864 and has occupied iiis present place since I8IS He was born in Hhs city, and is an 
active, '-ii- rgetic and enterprising man of business. 




, 






IENEY C FORMER Conveyancer and Real Estate Broker, No 865 South Fourth Streei Although established as recent^ n-s 
Januarj 1st, 1892, Mr, Henry C. Forner has already built up a large and fast Increasing connection as a conveyancer and 
real estate broker For fourteen years Mr. Forner studied conveyancing in the law office of Charles Henrj Jones, and 

thus he is enabled to bring a thorough and practical knowledg bear upon the fulfilment of any matter relative to the 

conveyance of property, exercising a scrupulous care in the settlement, transfer and entire i - menl of estates, the 

preparatii i titles, deeds, leases, trusts, wills and similar instruments, as well as their minute and detailed exan ition 

Moreoever, be transacts a general real estate business, devoting particular attention to the collection of house and ground rents and Interest, 

the purchase, sale aud exchange of city, suburban ami country property of over, sort, the letting of premises in general, and the -i Ij 

negotiation of loans upon bond or mortgage. Mr. Forner is a young Philadelphia^ and Is warmly esteemed. 

|LEX. GALLAGHER. Manufacturer of Stone Cutters' Tools. Thirtieth and Walnut Streets. There is perhaps m I one in Ins 

line in this city win. has a belter reputation for skill and reliability than Alex. Gallagher, manufacturer of 91 cutters' 

tools. Thirtieth and Walnut streets. He turns out a very superior class of hammers, chisels, points, wedges, drills and 
everything in the line indicated, and enjoys an excellent patronage Mr Gallagher, who is a gentleman in the prune of life 
and a Philadelphia!!, is a thoroughly expert workman of many years experience. He n.is been established ai the present 
location since 18s5 and from the start has been highly pre speroiis. Ins trade steadily improving. He has a well equipped 
shop, with two tires, ami employes several skilled hands. Mr. Gallagher is prepared to make all kinds of stone cutters' tools t , order ami 
every article turned out by him is warranted as to workmanship aud material. Tools are repaired also in the mosi superior manner, al 
short notice, and perfect satisfaction is assured in every instance, all orders receiving prompt aud personal attention, « Idle the prices 
charged for tools and jobbing are of the most reasonable character. 

HOS. H. McCOLLIN & CO.. Dealers in Photographic Supplies, No 10.10 Arch Street. This reliable and representative house 
was founded in lRiW by Mr B. L. Dabbs. who was succeeded in ih; t by Mr Thos H. McColIin, and m 1887 the present firm 
was organized by the admission of Mr. A. E. Maris, to partnership. The business premises comprise three Boors, £6x150 
feet each, giving ample accommodations for supplying the mosi extensive demand. This establishment is a great em 
porium from which professionals and amateursalike can obtain complete outfits or supplies of any kind The firm ilea) in 

all kinds of photographic apparatus, including the most approved ca ras. lenses of all powers and sizes, from the most 

famous makers; full lines of chemicals, and the various accessories to the working outfit. They are especially prominent, lieu ever, as sole 
importers of the Orthoscope lens, the Berlin vignetting paper, and the endless roll crayon paper; and as manufacturers of the famous emu 
pound Blitz pulver, which eclipses all other inventions in the production of Hash light for photographing at night. The brilliant results 
achieved by its use in securing pictures of dark mines and caverns, as well as in most exquisite portrait wm k, have made it » idely popular. 
This house also leads all others in the line of blue process paper for builders plans, etc.; while another specialty is McCollin's outfit for 
photography with the microscope. Messrs. McCollin and Maris are both native Philadelphians, and experts in their branch of trade. 

| \YLOR & CO., Dealers in Lehigh and Schuylkill Coal; Yard, Huntingdon and American Streets— For several years pasl 
Messrs. Taylor & Co. have been an important factor in the great coal supply of Philadelphia, Thej handle the best grades 
,,t" Lehigh and Schuylkill coals, and the trade controlled consists in the supply of factories, etc . in carload lots, ami private 
families throughout the city for retail quantities; the latter being the specialty of the business Four wagons are retained 
for delivery purposes, and eight competent hands find regular employment around the premises. Every facility is possessed 

for obtaining shipments direct from the mines upon the most advantag is terms, and thus the firm is enabled to charge 

rock bottom prices for each quality. The supplies are received by the "Philadelphia and Reading Railroad, a branch track from which runs 

right through the yards, so thai il ars unload on the spot. The yards, together with sheds, sialdes. otlioes. etc . cover an area of 80x118 

feet, and have a capacity for storing a thousand ions of coal, properly screened. Tl nterprise was established in 1875 bj Ihe present 

sole proprietor, Mr. Henry Taylor, who was born in Canada and came to the Duited states in 1865, and is a member of the Philadelphia 
i loal Exchange. 

|UTNER BROS .Wagon Builders Nos .'it to 40 Tasker Street - An old established house and one that has I >ng enjoyed an envifl 
ble reputation for first class work in the line of wagon building is that of Lutner Bros., located at Nos :if i > 40 Tasker Street. 
This prosperous business was established m re than twenty -five years ago by Mr Thos. E Lutner, who retired in 1888 and 
was succeeded by his sons, the present proprietors. The premises occupied comprise a brick building, 64x60 feel in dimes 
sions, equipped with all the latest improved machinery, tools and appliances known to the trade. The firm keepfive tires 
running, and are prepared to do the iron work in a satisfacto/y manner, making a specialty of beavj wort Their produc 
ire unsurpassed for strength mid easeof draft and are the embodiments of mechanical workmanship of the highest order of per 
fection. Wherever Introduced, these wagons are general favorites, ami are without exception the best In the market, a visit to tbli 

factory will satisfy purchasers and their friends that the productions oi this house are without rival mid justly merit tfa mmendaOons 

bestowed upon them by the trade and public From eight to ten skilled workmen are employed, and all orders are promptly filled 

members of the firm are Messrs Thomas and Ja a Lutner. natives of Philadelphia and gentlemen of ability ami experience. Thomas 

is a practical « I winter and .lames is an engineer, ami both are highly esteemed in ih mmunlty for their strut Integrity 

F. lirTClllstiM, Tin Roofing, Galvanized Iron Work, No 5156 Gerciantown Ivenue The hot t Mr T F Hutchison 

dealer In stoves, ranges, tin ware and kitchen r Is. bed in ISffi and has gained a position in the front rank of 

the trade in this city. His business premises comprise i stori Ilmen I as withs twoetorj ahopinl 

s Facilities are at hand for conducting all branches of the enterprises In his splendid warerooms can be 

everything led in the tine ol Btoves, ranges and fui i tin ware, an i kltcbt n furnishing goods. Mr Hutchison 

aeral t in and sheet iron worker, making a specialty of hoi air work, putting heaters in residence! thing in 

this line. He keeps the heaviest coated roofing tin made, of which ovei quari feethavi i I wltl ntfl mplainl a 

large force of skilled and experiei I wort o arei mployed. Mr. Hutchison is a native of Pennsylvania and bos been a resident ol 'his 

sity for twenty years He is honorable and reliabl • in all transactli ns, mid merits the success he has gained 






HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



193 




|E >RGE MOLLENKt IF, Undertaker and Embalmer, No. 4502 Main Street, Germantown.— An experienced, popular and first class 
furnishing undertaker and embalmer, in QermantowD, is Mr. George; Mollenkof, who Is widely recognized here as a leader in 
his profession. He has been established in this business for the past four years, in which he has sinee attained a front-rank 
position, and in May last removed his main warerooms from No. 5041 Main Street, his original location, to No. 1502, although 
his I. ranch office is also on this thoroughfare, one door below his former place of address. Both as an embalmer and general 
undertaker, M r Mollenkof has displayed marked ability, having a natural adaptation for this vocation, and being considerate 
of bereaved relatives and friends. In conducting his business he makes no unseemly display, while by faithful and efficient 
service to those who employ him he has gained the esteem and good-will of the whole community. The premises which he occupies are 20 x 
40 feet in dimensions, and include handsomely appointed office and warerooms, with a factory in the rear used for manufacturing purposes, 
and three competent assistants are required in regular employment. A fine assortment of caskets, coffins and funeral requisites of every 
description, of the proprietor's own make, is here displayed, and lit- is always prepared to furnish everything that is desired for funerals, 
including hearses and carriages, at the most reasonable rates. All calls, day or night, receive prompt attention, and the large and influen- 
tial trade developed extends throughout tins city and the adjacent districts. Mr. Mollenkof, who is a cabinet-maker by trade, and a native 
oi Germany, has resided in this country for the past quarter of a centui-y, and is a popular member of the Knights of the Golden Eagle, the 
I. O. O. F. and Red Men 



II. DOERLE, Conveyancer and Real Estate Agent, No. 737 South Third Street. —Prosecuting a successful business as a con- 

*\T£S*'5^^ Veya ' real estati agei I ce broker, we Hud Mr. P. H. Doerle, with headquarters at No. 737 South Third St reel 

He established his business here in 1880 and has always enjoyed a liberal patronage derived from leading capitalists and 
substantial property owners in this city and vicinity. He is thoroughly experienced in the knowledge of laws and customs 
of real estate and may be consulted upon all such matters with the utmost confidence. He has at all times on his lists eligi- 
ble business premises, dwelling-houses and building lots for sale and to rent, and investors will always find this office a 
useful medium through which to obtain their wants. Conveyancing in all branches is given prompt attention, while a specialty is made of 
the collection of rents and interest. Insurance is also effected in first-class companies at the lowest rates of premium and the prompt pay- 
ment of all losses is guaranteed. Mr. Doerle is a native Philadelphian and a young man of large practical experience, wide acquaintance 
and sterling worth. 




JUSTUS D. DICKINSON', Manufacturer of Fine Harness. Main Street, below Highland Avenue. Chestnut Hill.— The leading 
house in the manufacture of fine harness in t h. stunt Hill is that of Justus D. Dickinson, situated on Main Street, below High- 
land Avenue. The business was established in 1885 In the present proprietor, Mr. Dickinson mid removed to the premises new 
occupied in May. 1892. He is a thoroughly practical workman, having had five years' experience as superintendent of the shop 
of John McLeod. In addition to the manufacture of harness of every kind and description in single or double, coup, and 
track, a special feature is made in the production of fine coach house goods. The premises occupied are spacious and com- 
modious, admirably appointed, and comprise a finely fitted workshop, fully equipped, while regular employment is furnished a number of 
skilled workmen to meet all demands of the trade. The house also produces a line of rich and high-grade class of work in turf ceeds. 
besides handling whips, robes, rugs, and every requisite necessary for the coach house, stable or carriage-room. Mr. Dickinson is a man ol 
middle age, burn on Chestnut Hill, and is prominently identified with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows' Encampment. Knights of 
Pythias and Knights of the Golden Eagle. 





H. KOLB, Gents' Furnisher and Clothier, No. 4939 Main Street. Germantown.— This popular and well-known house 
was established in 1877, by Mr. Edward Kolb. and, in 1887, the firm-name was changed to J. H. Kolb & Co., the 
present name and style being adopted in 1891. The attractive store occupied is 25x135 feet in dimensions, and fitted 
( up with tasteful appointments throughout. The counters and shelves are burdened with a very extensive assortment "t 
superior ready-made clothing for men, youths and l.nv in all the latest fashions and illustrating the current demand. These 
goods are made from the very best materials, display the best workmanship, and are stylish in cut, fit and finish and in 
appearance, while in the matter of prices, this house cannot be excelled by any other establishment in the city. In the rear of the store is 
kept a full line of ready-made clothing, including gents' and boys' suits in all the popular shades and patterns, which in fit, finish and 
general appearance are equal to the best tailor-made suit. The firm also earry at all times a full and complete line of goods embraced in 
gents' furnishings. The firm mark all goods in plain figures, selling at one price and for cash only. Mr. J. H. Kolb, the active member of 
the linn, is a native of Germantown, and during his career as a business man has established a large and influential trade. 



IBERT H. MURROYV. Boot and Shoe Store, Northeast Corner Nineteenth ami South Streets.— For a period of forty 
years the house of Mr. Robert H. Murrow has been a leading source of supply for hoots and shoes of a thoroughly reliable 
quality. It was founded in 1853, by Mr. James Murrow, who was succeeded by his nephew, the present proprietor, in 1884. 
The store is spacious in size, attractive in all its appointments and perfect in convenience of arrangement for display, 
inspection and sale. The stock embraces boots, shoes, rubbers and slippers for men and boys, ladies, misses and children. 
and in all the various styles, sizes and grades, while the prices are the lowest in the market for this quality of goods. Boots 
and shoes are also made to order, and in all eases the best materials, the finest workmanship, the latest style and perfection in fit are guaran 
teed. Repairing is also neatly and promptly executed. Mr. Murrow is a native Philadelphian, who served the United States Government 
asa lett.-, earner in this citj from 1875 to 1885, and is a young man of sterling personal worth. 





-]MITH £ PYLE, Lapidists, No. 711 Sansom Street.— The business represented by Smith & Pyle, lapidists, was established by 

Mr. Smith. January 1. 1892. and the following June Mr. Pyle was admitted to partnership. The talent and thorough practical 
knowledge of the firm soon brought their work into active and increasing demand. The premises utilized for the business 

prise two rooms at No. 711 Sansoni Street, ample in dimensions, provided with an abundant outfit of the best machinery, 

applit es and devices that can be made available, and admirably equipped in every other respect for an extensive and 

meritorious production. The work of this firm on precious stones displays the skill, accuracy and precision of the lapidarj 
in their highest development, Hie very best standard of artistic excellence being maintained. None but skilled workmen are employed. The 
firm number among their patrons many of the most noted manufacturing jewelers of Philadelphia and vicinity. Their trade is bein 
idly extended to all parts of Pennsylvania and the South. The members of the firm are Messrs. H. W. Smith and Abraham Pj le, both 
irraduates of Girard College and natives of Philadelphia. Mr. Pyle was for six years a clerk in the Mechanics' National Bank and no 
charge of the office work, while Mr. Smith is the If pidist and has had six years' practical experience in the business II.- is a popular mem 
her of the American Mechanics 



l'.l-l 



HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 




HINGTON POWELL, Conveyancer, Real Estate Broker and Collector, Office. South wesl ('"run Tenth and Soutli 
Mi G Vt asbington Powell has been established In business here i"i" a period of thirtj years, and enjoj s a deservedly 
i ■ putation for business ability and sou ml judgment . He transacts a general real estate business In the citj and 

i! ) buying, selling, [easing and exchanging property of all kinds, attending to the management ol estates, collect! I 

rents, the negotiation ol loans on bond and mortgage, and effecting insurance In reliable companies. He makes a 
specialty ol handling residence propertyin the First, Second, Third, Twenty-sixth and Thirtieth Wards of thecity, ind I 
rtia 'i authority as to the present and prospecl Ive values of realty In those wards, A.11 advice given or transactions effected throu ;h 

lu'm can be i*elied upon as absolutely safe, and his chai iblj moderate l» Is, bonds, mortgages, leases, wills, powers of 

attorney, articles of o reemenl and all other legal Instruments of writing are drawn with accuracy and dispatch. Titles are examined and 
brl fs prepared, registers of property for sale or to let are open for the inspection of those interested, while particular attention is paid to tin 
Pre Interest, etc. as an insurance broker, Mr Powell is prepared to place risks In any insurance company desired, quoting 
west rates of premium, and guaranteeing a prompt and liberal adjustment of all losses. He numbers among his permanent patrons 
many of the largest and wealthiest capitalists, investors and property owners In Philadelphia, Mr, Powell is a oat ive Philadelphian, and has 
been a uotarj public since 1881, 




PREAS & SON, Family Grocers, Mam Street and Washington Avenue, German town Phe oldest-established house in its 
line in thecity is that of Messrs, II. Freas & Son, which was opened to the cui.hr m is-;,, and enjoj sa high reputation foi 

the excellence of the goods carried. The building occupied Is 75 x 125 feet in dimensions, and is filled to replel with a 

carefully selected stock of familj grocei ies, hardware, garden Implements, furnishing goods, wines, liquors, etc Here will 
at all times be found fresh crop teas, select coffees, pure sugars, spices and condiments, the best grades of patent fancj Qours, 

all kinds of farinaceous goods, green and dried fruits, and one of the choicest stocks of canned g Is, etc . in Qermantou n 

The liiiii handle only those brands which are put up by h rai.it- and responsible packers and guarantee quality The g Is in all depart 

ments are purchased in immense quantities from producers, and the firm, conduct inga heavj trade, can put prices n here they are a positive 
attraction to the public. Mr, II Freas is a native of Montgomery Co., Pennsylvania, but has been a resident of this city since 1821 Though 

hty*one years of age he is still actively engaged in business, and is highlj esteemed in financial circles for his excellent meth< 
sound judgment He owns the hotel opposite in-- place of business, the Washington House, and also a in .in $300,000 worth of real estate in 
riu-- section. 



vi. i i.u K. BILKS, Wall Papers, Etc., and Painting in all Branches No 1609 Frankford Avenue i.n old and reliable wall 
paper in. us.- in Frankfoi'd is that of Mr. Walter K Biles, which was established at the same location in 1672 b} Mr. Gilbert H 

Blaker, and in March, 1892. it ca into the hands of the present proprietor, who possesses seven j ears' practical experience 

m this line. In addition to the sale of fine Imported and domestic wall papers, shade cloth and window shades, a full line ol 
plain and decorative painting is undertaken, including fresco, panel and relief work to any design, from the simplest to the 
m"--i elaborate, tinting, gilding, varnishing, polishing, hardwood filling, fine sign writing and lettering in the latest styles. 
The store, J' 1 x 50 feet in size, is well arranged, and a large and carefully selected stock is always on hand, affording an ample choice in all 
kinds of wall papers, shade cloth and window-shades, as well as various interior decorations, upwards of ten skilled hands being regularly 
employed. Mr, Walter K. Biles is a native ol Philadelphia, and still a young man 





ntoJ* 



A.VID B. M0MENA.MIN, Agent for Soaps, Front and Market Streets Mr David B McMenamin is thedulj accredited repre- 
sentative her,- for Messrs. Schultz & Co., of Zanesville, Ohio, manufacturers of soaps, whose most popular and best 
brands are the l *Star," "Fatherland," "Irish," "Scotch," "Montag" and "Duck" family and laundry soaps. Although 
i -si iblished in this line of commerce for only one year, Mr. McMenamin has a practical experience ai his command ranging 

over a period of eight years, and he has sue, led in building up an extensive trade with jobbers throughout this section 

"i the Union \ n orders receive prompt attention, and are shipped direct from the factory ai Zanesvllle Mr. McMenamin 



o mg gentleman of Philadelphia birth, and was formerly engaged for seven years with his father in tin* canned goods business. 




ITSON-S ROBINSON Wood Working Mill, Manufacturers of Frames, Doors, Sash, Shutters, Stair Work, Nos 82 to 46 Queen 
Street < >ne ol the oldest-established and most extensive wood working mills in Germantown is that ow ned and conducted by 
Messi's. Watson and Robinson, This progressive undertaking was founded in 1861 at the same location by Mr. S E Hughes 

wl ' 1877 was succeeded by the present firm, composed of Mr, Alfred t\ Watson and Mr. John Robinson, under whose 

skillful and experienced direction every detail of the enterprise is conducted. A full hue of w I work for the building, car 

pentering, cabinet -making and furniture trades is undertaken, including frames, doors, sash, shutters, stair work, newel posts. 
scrolls, blinds, brackets, finish, trimming, molding, match and sheathing, grooving, sawing, turning of all kinds and planing; and the 
firm's operations, reaching all over the city and adjacent districts, are of considerable magnitude and significance, for they work, cut up and 
otherwise use Dearly one million feet of lumber annually. The mill, although occupied ever since the initiation of the hi is mess, is strictly 
" up to date," with regard to the mechanism and machinery employed, for the firm have adopted from time to time all the latest Improved 
appliances and methods as thej have been introduced and thus are enabled to make a special feature of the finest work, En fancj hard woods 
ol a superior finish and make. The mill itself comprises a substantial structure of three stones, having an area on each Boor of i«hi \ ]■::■ 
feet, furnished with an elaborate plant of improved sawing, planing, grooving, beading, molding and other machines, lathes of the latest 
c instruction and all necessary appliances and accessories pertaining to the industry . a 60-horse power steam-engine being the motive force 
use, i and from flftj ' • sixty skilled mechanics employed, in addition to the mill, extensive lumber yards are utilized, covering one and a 
he res. and a heavj and select stock of well-seasoned hard and soft woodsis always on hand. Of the able proprietors Mr. Alfred C 
Watson is a native ol Germantown : while Mr. John Robinson was born In Belfast, Ireland, and has resided in this city since 1866 



J. l;li !E, Commission Men -haul In Mutter. Eggs, Poultry and ail kinds of Livestock, Nos. 838 and 825 North Water Stri el 
1 1 1 responsible house was established in 1888 by the present proprietor and under his able and skillful direction a heavy 
volume ..f wholesale trade is now controlled reaching throughout the city and suburbs, while also, a Bound reputation Is 

enjoyed for handling only prime and fresh g Is in each line at rock-bottom prices, for the speedy disposal ol consignments 

and for making accurate returns dally, Consignments and shipments are constantly arriving of dairy produce, pou ry 
calves, sheep, lam i.s and hogs, fr..m raisers and prodi is in Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Ohl 

disposal upon this market, and I he \ n j choice, fresh I .utter handled is received from three Of the best creameries This live BtOCR and prod- 
uce And ready sale on th • premises, which Iattei c imprlse a spacious Moor. 25 s 165 feel In area well fitted and equipped for the moat ex- 

is handling and dispatch ol shipments, The experienced proprietor, Mr C. J. Rice, who is a \ ig man of energy and sound busJ 

bility, was horn near Harrisburg, Pa., raised in Delaware, and i- a resident of Philadelphia, 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



lit;, 




Zoological Garden— Rustic Bridge- Yaks. 




\KKV R. HAGEN, Conveyancer, Real Estate and Insurance Broker. Notary Public, X". 4136 Germantown Avenue.— Of the 
many solid citizens <>t Germantown who have come to the front in the realm of realty within recent years, few, if any, have 

i ii more successful than Harry R. Hagen, whose office is at No. 413(1 Germantown Avenue. He lias been >'n^aged in this 

line about two years, ami has acquired a large and desirable patronage Mr, Hagen, who is a conveyancer, real estate and 

insurance broker and notary public, is a gentleman of middle age and a native of this city. He is a man of strict integrity, 

active and energetic, and is well and favorably known in the community both in business circles and in private life. He 

and exchanges city and suburban property >>f every description on commission, and gives personal attention to the management 

Rents and interests are collected in the- most prompt and trustworthy manner, mortgages are negotiated and loans are procured 

al security; risks are effected in first-class fire companies, at lowest rates, and investments are judiciously placed; also, titles are 

and conveyancing in all its branches carefully attended to, while deeds, mortgages, affidavits and other legal papers are accurately 

In short, all classes of business pertaining to the purchase, sale, care and transfer of realty and the placing of insurance are 

by Mr, Hagen. and those having dealings with this gentleman are assured of finding the same of an eminently satisfactory 




jTLLIAM BICHY, Apothecary, Established 1885, No. 5557 Main Street, Opposite Carpenter Street, (iermautmvn.— One of the 
riiiHst and most complete drugstores in this vicinity is the commodious, finely-appointed, and in all respects first-class estab- 
lishment of William Bichy, where physicians' prescriptions and family recipes are compounded in the most vigilant and 
accurate manner. A laboratory where all of the important preparations, fluid extracts and tinctures are manufactured is 
attached to the store, to secure fresh and pure drugs. The business was inaugurated in 1885 at No. 5561 Main Street, and was 
removed to present location in 1890. The premises occupied consist of a store, '20 x 60, a handsome soda fountain being a 
feature. A large and carefully selected line of drugs, medicines and chemicals, perfumery, soaps, toilet articles, stationery, mineral waters, 
cigars and tobacco, physicians' requisites, and druggists' sundries, all derived from the most reliable sources of production, are offered for 
sale at the lowest prices. Mr. Bichy has had ten years' practical experience, was regularly graduated from the Philadelphia College of Phar- 
macy and is a member of its Alumni Association. He was born in Buffalo, is ayoung man and an expert master of every branch of the phar- 
maceutical profession. 

ILLIAM B. DIXEY, Plumber and Sanitary Engineer, Etc.. No. 382fi Market Street.— A well-known and veiy successful licensed 
plumber, gasfitter and sanitary engineer in West Philadelphia is Mr. William B. Dixey, located at No. 38^6 Market Street, 
whose ability to execute the best and most reliable work is amply attested by the several important and significant con- 
tracts with which he has been intrusted from time to time, notably the plumbing and gasfitting in the Palace Hotel, 
Goshen, Va.; the police station and patrol house, at Sixty-first and Thompson Streets, here; Terry Building, Roanoke, "Va.; 
Randolph, Macon Academy, Front Royal, Va.; and the Court House at Sixth and Chestnut Streets. The business was estab- 
lished in January, 1879, by Mr. William B. Dixey. All kinds of sanitary plumbing and gasfitting are undertaken, both jobbing and repair- 
ing, and contracts for new work, including drainage, piping, ventilation, the supply and fixing of water-closets with all the latest improved 
sanitary appliances, urinals, bath-tubs, washbowls, tanks, pumps, sink^. cisterns, gas brackets, chandeliers, etc., particular attention being 
devoted to sanitary engineering. Ten to thirty-two skilled artisans are employed and each order undertaken is executed accurately 
and promptly, under the direct supervision of Mr. Dixey, who is a young man of Philadelphia birth and is a registered and thoroughly 
practical plumber. 







H 1STOKI C A L AND COM M E R CI A L P H I L A D E L P H ! a 




[|ETHi must EPISCOPAL BOOK ROOM, Philadelphia i i [Yact Society, 

i B I 1018 \K-h Streel W hile in I i work will be 

criptive of the mechanical industries and commercial inten sts of the 
great eltg oi Philadelphia, it is not onlj just, but necessary itodo justice to those 
■ is thai have done and are still doing so much to elevate society t>\ 
[nation ol the products ol the printing press. The religious publica 
tions are especially worthy re in a great measure the of public 

morals and deserve the recognition and respect ol avi rj i itizen In the country \ verj prom- 
inent, prosperous, and ably-managed bouse of this character is thatol the Methodist Episcopal 
Boob Rooms, located at No 1018 Irch Street, whose productions are of great interest to a vast 
number throughout the United States. The business of this house was founded In 1866 bj the 
Philadelphia Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, which was done fur the purpi ise of 
circulating all endorsed publications bearing upon the doctrines inculcated by the pn 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, and from the date of its inception has been very successful In 
Its mission, The premises occupied are verj spacious and Commodious and are admirably 
adapted to die wants of the business and everj convenience is provided for the comfort of 

patrons and visitors, while every facility is at hand for the pr pt filling of all orders, The 

trade extends all over the United States and is constantly increasing. A full ami complete 
stock of every publication pertaining to the Methodist Episcopal Church is to be found here, 
also a tii!.' line of other religious works, miscellaneous hooks, theological eoinmentunes, tracts. 
Church and Sundaj -school periodicals, also mottoes, catechisms, hymn books, Sunday-school 
libraries, reward cards, pulpit, family and pockel Bibles and New Testaments, certificates and 
si id. roery of all kin. is. The office of the*' Philadelphia Methodist ' is a is., here, for which sub- 
scriptions and advertisements are received, ami all hooks arc sold he it ai the low. -si prices The 
business of the house is conducted by an agenl who is elected by the board of managers. The 
present agent, Mr. F. B. Clegg, has been with the concern ever since it was established and has 
filled his present position ever since 1884. He is a native of this cir/j . a gentleman of middle 
age, energetic and courteous, and is highly respected by all with n horn he has any social or com 




(S\« 



PUBLISHING HOUSE 



ill arir 

' I 




merciol relatii mis 




HE MOORE a WHITE COMPANY, Fifteenth Street and Lehigh Avenue. Huntingdon Street Station, P & l: R.B .German, 

town Junction, P. K. R -This company are pr inenl i\ and honorably identified with the wonderful progress and improve 

a lent made in the erection of paper mills and the perfection of paper mill machinery, while they are expert general macbin 
ists and engineers and the owners and manufacturers of the " Moor,- \ White" patent friction clutch pulleys, cut -off 
couplings, shafting, pulleys, gearing, etc. The business was established in 1885 by Messrs, John W. Moore and J. Atwood 

While, the present style being- adopted in 1887, with the above-nai I gentlemen as proprietors. The plant covers one and 

one-half acres of ground, on which are erected a machine-shop, BOx 330 feet, a pattern-shop, 60x60 feet, and a blacksmith-shop, 40 x 50 feet, 

all splendidly equipped with new and improved machinery, operated bj asteam-engu C 60-horse power, and steady employment is given 

to one hundred skilled hands This company n ;e.ices a specialty of paper machinery and are witlerj recognized as experts in all matters 

Ding to the build and practical working value of the same; while as designers and inventors i)m-\ have made man; of the most valuable 

improvements known to the industry. They contract for the erection and equipment of paper nulls thmuirhoui. design and construe! all 

i -ry for the same, and are prepared to fit up paper mills in any part of the United States, Canada or South America Their patronage 

from the best class of manufacturers in those countries, and no house stands higher in the esteem of the trade, or is better able to 

meet promptly and successfully every emergency incident to the business, Their methods are thoroughly enterprising and progressive 

They are constant investigators in this field of skilled Industry, and the splendid achievements already effected bj them indicate that they 

will continue to maintain the supremacy in their special field of tabor. Their patent friction clutch is everj where recognized as a superior 

without objectionable features Thej are in use doing all Kinds of work such as driving electric-light machinery, w 1 and iron 

working machinery, paper machinerj cotl olen machinery, etc., and give perfect satisfaction under all circumstances Among 
prominent parties using them in Philadelphia maj be named Hon. John Wanamaker, The Neafie & Levj ship and Engine Building Co 
\ \ Jewett X Co., Lehigh Valley U. R. Co., Hensel silk Mfg. Co., the United States Mint, J 1>. Aril Printing Co . Diamond Wills Emery Co 
II. Disston & Sons Sprockets Sugar Refiners Co., Manayunk Paper Co., McDowell Paper Mills, American Bank Note Co Megargee Taper 
Mills, Berrj & Orton Co., H. B. smith Machine Co., "Win. M. Singerly, Geo V . < resson, Wm. Sellers & Co., Baldwin Locomotive Wi 
Philadelphia Textile Machinery Co., Pennsylvania iron Works, Bement, Miles <$ Co., Jacob Nay lor, among man; othei*s; also Connecticut 
River Paper Co., B Ma s. ; Hudson River Pulp and Paper t !o . Palmers Tails, N. Y . Cliff Paper Co., Niagara Falls, N. i '.; Great Bend 
PaperCo Great Bend, N. Y. ; Port Leyden Pulp and Paper Co., Port Ley den, N. Y.;Ti i Pulp and Paper Co., Ticonderoga, v Y . 

rt's Paper Co Felt Mills. >; y Watertown Paper Co., Wat en own. N. V.; Clar Pulp and PaperCo., Johnsonburg, Pa ; Pennsyl- 
vania Pulp and Pap ■ I ' Haven. Pa. ; Dilworth PaperCo.. Pitt sburgh, Pa. ; Fork Haven Paper Co., 5Tork Haven, Pa,; American Straw 

hesterton a, Md ; Lynchburg Pulp and Paper Co., Lj nchburg, Pa, ; Richn l I 'a per Mfg Co., Richmond, Va ; Stockton I 

Hills Co md Paper Co I Co., United States Napping Machim Co., C imden, N. J., and other mills all over the country. 

Mr. Moore is a oatii L el Del., who acquired his trade in Wilmington, and coi meed its practice En 1870. Mr. White was bom in 

Chester i 'omity. Pa . and has been steadilj at work in this line since 1872. Both are th< >roughlj practical and - inufacturere 



iANKLEY BROS & CO Manufacturers ol Machinery Castings in Loam Green and Drj Sand, Twentj second Streel and 
Allegheny Avenue | hort time established since M iros. & Co., n 

turers of d loam, green and d md I Street and Avenue, have acqu 

reputation and a patronage second to none in the business in Philadelphia. The firm | 

being capacious and perfectlj equipped, an i all orders are executed at shortesl notice. The general partnei - are - 1 B I 
ley, J. H. Blank!' Q i kley, Jr., and C M > : tnerisMrs. H B Way, who is a sister of thi 

tlemen named. The Me Blankli I idelphians bj birth, are all men of thorough practii i pears' experience 

They occupy spacious pi tiding foundrj cleaning shed and boiler house, etc.* and the establishmi 

provided with full Bteam-power, and all the latest improved appliai s, while over hfM hands are regularlj employed here. The fli i 

■ r\ castings both light and heavj and guarantee the utmost satisfaction, while w orkman 

ship ami material are in everj inspect 




HISTORICAL AND COMMERCIAL PHILADELPHIA. 



L91 




3TT<Sr NIGOUD, Pharmacists, Southwest Corner Fifth and Lombard Streets.— Prominenl among the drug houses in Philadelphia 
enjoying an excellent reputation for handling and preparing the best goods is that of Messrs. Ott& Nicoud. This business was 
inaugurated by ii. Krause, 1801. who sold out to H. Weinger, in 1800, Mr. Emil Ott succeeding in 1885, Mr, Nicoud entering the firm 
in 1886. The store occupied is 20 x 10 Eeet in area, finely fitted and arranged throughout for the success Eul pri isecution of the 
work. A special feature of the trade is the compounding of physicians' prescriptions and family recipes, for which pur- 
poses special arrangements have been made for their dispensing in the most accurate manner at lowest prices, and none but 
competent assistants are employed. The stock comprises pure fresh drugs and chemicals, proprietary remedies, pharmaceutical prepara- 
tions of their own superior production, and which have attained a wide reputation for their curative qualities, and a general line of miscella- 
neous articles usually found in a first-class pharmacy. Mr. Ott and Mr. Nicoud are highly intelligent and c icons gentlemen, and are 

both graduates of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy in the classes of 1879 and si respectively. 

UtfUEL E. GARDINER, Conveyancer, Heal Estate, Notary Public, Insurance, Southeasl Corner of Seventh Street and Washing- 
ton Avenue.— Mr. Samuel E. Gardiner has been established about ten years in the handling of realty and has built up a brisk 
business. He was burn in Medford, N. J. and came to Philadelphia in his youth, and is thoroughly conversant with every detail 
connected with the purchase, sale and transfer «.i realty and kindred interests. He is a conveyancer and notary public and is 
a member of the Conveyancers'' Association of Philadelphia. He is r. general real estate broker and is local agent for the 
Insurance Company of Pennsylvania, Mr. Gardiner, who makes a specialty of the sale of property m the First, Second, 
Third, Twenty-sixth and Thirtieth Wards, gives personal attention to the collection of ground rents and interests and to the management of 
estates. He is prepared to place fire insurance at lowest rates, also, while loans and mortgages are negotiated by him on the most favorable 
terms. Legal documents are carefully drawn up. likewise; titles are searched and conveyancing in all iis branches is promptly and reliably 
attended to. 





■ IRK & NICE. Furnishing Undertakers, Main Street and Washington Avenue.— The largest undertaking establishment in Phil- 
adelphia and the oldest in the United States is that of Messrs. Kirk & Nice, which was founded in 1769, or 133 years ago. when 
the country was under English rule. The business has always been carried on at the same address. Many of the soldiers 
killed at the battle of Germantown were taken there, coffined and bu'ied from the place. In 1828, Messrs. John and Samuel 
Nice succeeded to the ownership. They afterwards separated, Samuel Nice continuing alone up to 1865, when he was suc- 
ceeded by his son, William J. Nice, and son-in-law, B. Frank Kirk, who have since conducted affairs under the firm-name of 
Kirk & Nice. Both are natives of the Quaker City and generally esteemed as citizens of integrity and ability. In 1870 they tore down the 
old buildings and erected their present spacious quarters, which have a floorage area of 13,000 square feet. A large stable is connected. 
The firm own three fine hearses, three dead wagons, rive carriages and sixteen horses. They manufacture all the caskets, coffins, and burial 
cases used in their business, six men being constantly kept busy in this department exclusive of drivers. Funerals are taken entire 
charge of, embalming done and satisfactory services assured in every instance. 

1UIS J. MEYER, Gilder, Electro Silver Plater, No, 705 Sansoni Street.— Mr. Louis J. Meyer established this business here 
in 1892, and has obtained a liberal patronage from the trade. The premises occupied comprise a floor of ample dimen- 
sions, fully equipped with the latest improved electro-plating machines and other appliances. Several experienced opera- 
tives are employed and the machinery is driven by electric power. Mr. Meyer is a thoroughly practical and scientific plater, 
having learned the trade with Samuel Lakens, Jr. He was employed by him for eight years previous to establishing this 
ousiness and is prepared to turn out in the highest style of the art, gold, silver and nickel plating and gives his attention to 

oxydized metals and platina. He is prepared to skillfully execute all work in his line, guaranteeing perfect satisfaction in ever} instance. 

The trade of the bouse extends throughout the Middle States and South to North Carolina. Mr. Meyer is a native of Philadelphia. 

JOHN Mc WILLIAMS, Fine Tailoring, No. 902 Walnut Street.— The tailoring business conducted under the name of John 
Mr Williams, was established about eight years ago by the gentleman above named. Mr. McWilliams died in October, 1890, 
when his widow. Mrs. M. C. McWilliams, became proprietress, and, with Mr. F. W. Melhuish as manager, has since continued 
the business with uninterrupted success. Mr. Melhuish, wdio is a comparatively young man. active and energetic, is a prac- 
tical tailor and cutter, of thorough experience, master of the tailoring art in all its branches, and has been connected with 
Mr. McWilliams for a number of years. The store is compact and neatly fitted up. and an elegant assortment of imported 
woolens is here displayed. T